BOOK TEN-2:  The Louisiana Acadian "Begats" - continued

Chiasson

Guyon, or Dion or Denis dit La Vallée, son of Pierre Chiasson or Giasson, a farmer, and Marie Péroché, was born at La Rochelle, France, in c1638.  Guyon came to Acadia and settled at Port-Royal by c1666, when he married Jeanne, daughter of ____ Bernard and Andrée Guyon, at the English-occupied Acadian capital.  They had eight children, including four sons and three daughters.  Three of their daughters married into the Morin, Poirier dit de France, and Breau families.  All four of Guyon's sons married, into the Savoie, Blou, Le Moyne, and Mourier families, the younger two in Canada.  Guyon was not listed in the first Acadian census of 1671 because he had moved to Mouchecoudabouet, now Musquodoboit Harbor, near present-day Halifax, by June 1668 and was still there in October 1674.  They moved on to Chignecto, where Jeanne died during the early 1680s.  Guyon remarried to Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Canadians Pierre Martin and Joachine Lafleur of Sillery, at Québec in October 1683.  They settled at Chignecto.  Marie-Madeleine gave him no more sons but four more daughters, all born at Chignecto, three of whom married into the Carret, Pothier, De La Forestrie, and Pineau families.  Guyon died probably in his mid-50s at Chignecto by c1693, when his wife remarried there.  One of his daughters by his second wife moved to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, by the 1720s and was among the earliest European settlers on the island.  Another daughter by the second wife married a Canadian and settled at Rimouski on the lower St. Lawrence.  Guyon's four sons also created their own families, the older ones in Acadia, the younger ones in Canada, by marrying into the Savoie, Blou, Le Moyne, and Mourier families.  By 1755, Guyon Chiasson dit La Vallée's descendants could be found in the St. Lawrence valley, where they had gone as early as the late 1690s; on Île St.-Jean; and at Chignecto.  

Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered them even farther.  The first Acadians in Nova Scotia rounded up by the British in the fall of 1755 were the ones at Chignecto.  After yet another war erupted between Britain and France in 1754, the Chignecto Acadians were caught in the middle of it.  When British and New English forces attacked Fort Beauséjour in June 1755, Chignecto settlers, perhaps including Chiassons, pressured by the French, served in the fort as militia.  They, too, along with the French troupes de la marine, became prisoners of war when the fort surrendered on June 16.  Governor Lawrence was so incensed to find so-called French Neutrals fighting with French regulars at Beauséjour that he ordered his officers to deport the Chignecto Acadians to the southernmost British colonies on the Atlantic seaboard.  Chiassons were among them.  A family was shipped to South Carolina aboard the British transport Cornwallis.  Another Chiasson, a bachelor, went to South Carolina aboard the sloop Endeavor.  Two Chiasson wives also ended up in South Carolina.  At least one Chiasson from South Carolina left the colony in late 1763 for Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, with hundreds of his fellow Acadians. 

Some of their kinsmen escaped the roundup at Chignecto and fled to the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore, where, at Shediac and Mirimichi, they survived as best they could.  Later, they moved on to Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs.  One Chiasson family, kin to the family that had gone to South Carolina, eluded the British for a number of years but eventually was captured or surrendered.  

When the British rounded up their cousins still at Chignecto, the Chiassons of Île St.-Jean, living on an island still controlled by France, remained unmolested.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up the Acadians on the island and deported them to France.  The crossing to France decimated this branch of the family.  Two Chiasson wives and their families were lost at sea when their ship, the British transport Violet, sank in a mid-Atlantic storm in December 1758.  There were no survivors.  Many Chiassons and their families also crossed on the five British transports that left the Gut of Canso in late November and reached St.-Malo in late January 1759.  Most of them did not survive the terrible crossing.  Some of the survivors died at St.-Malo soon after reaching the Breton port.  Those who endured the rigors of the crossing did what they could to make a life for themselves in St.-Malo's teeming suburbs.  Meanwhile, Chiassons from Île St.-Jean landed at ports other than St.-Malo, including Cherbourg and Rochefort.  They, too, did their best to make a life for themselves in the mother country.  In the early 1770s, Chiassons from St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, and from Cherbourg participated in an attempt by French authorities to settle Acadians on marginal land owned by an influential nobleman in the Poitou region.  There, they had more children and buried more of them.  The settlement failed after two years of effort.  In November and December 1775, the Chiassons retreated with dozens of other Poitou Acadians and their families to the port city of Nantes, where, again, they subsisted as best they could on government handouts.  One Chiasson worked as a sailor and a cooper, the other as a carpenter.  During the American Revolution, in late 1778, a Chiasson couple, recently married, were deported along with dozens of other Acadians from the French-controlled island of Miquelon off the southern coast of Newfoundland to La Rochelle, France.  Two sons were born to them there, and one of the sons died an infant.  The family probably returned to Miquelon in 1784 after the British returned the island to France.  In the early 1780s, the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana.  The two Chiasson families still at Nantes agreed to take it.  Both families originally booked passage on L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, one family's infant son was too ill to travel when L'Amitié left Paimboeuf, the port for Nantes, in late August 1785.  The infant died the following month, and the family crossed on La Caroline, the last of  the Seven Ships, which left Nantes in late October and reached New Orleans in December.

Back in North America, some of the Chiassons of Île St.-Jean had managed to escape the British roundup of 1758 and joined their Chignecto cousins on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore and at Restigouche.  The British attacked Restigouche in July 1760 and captured 300 Acadians before sailing away.  Most of Chiassons at Restigouche eluded capture.  After the war ended, one family moved down to Nipisiguit, now Bathurst, on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore, where they were living in 1772, and then  moved to Miscou, an island on the southern end of the Baie des Chaleurs, later in the decade.  Their sons settled at Carleton and Paspébiac on the southern coast of the Gaspé Peninsula in present-day Québec Province, and at Caraquet in northeastern New Brunswick.  Other Chiassons who had escaped the British also settled at Rustico and Tignish on Île St.-Jean, renamed Prince Edward Island in 1798; at Chéticamp, Grand-Étang, and Margaree on Cape Breton Island, formerly Île Royale; on Île Miquelon; and on the îles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, now part of Québec Province.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, these Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and until the Acadian reunions of the twentieth century, may even have forgotten the others existed. 

When the war with Britain finally ended, the Acadians being held as prisoners in Nova Scotia, including at least one family of Chiassons, faced a hard dilemma.  The Treaty of Paris of February 1763 stipulated in its Article 14 that persons dispersed by the war had 18 months to return to their respective territories.  However, British authorities refused to allow any of the Acadian prisoners in the region to return to their former lands as proprietors.  If Acadians chose to remain in, or return to, Nova Scotia, they could live only in small family groups in previous unsettled areas or work for low wages on former Acadian lands now owned by New England "planters."  If they stayed, they must also take the hated oath of allegiance to the new British king, George III, without reservation.  They would also have to take the oath if they joined their cousins in Canada.  After all they had suffered on the question of the oath, few self-respecting Acadians would consent to take it if it could be avoided.  Some Halifax exiles, including Chiassons, chose to relocate to Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  Others considered going to French St.-Domingue, where Acadian exiles in the British colonies, including a Chiasson from South Carolina, already had gone, or to the Illinois country, the west bank of which still belonged to France, or to French Louisiana, which, thanks to British control of Canada, was the only route possible to the Illinois country for Acadian exiles.  Whatever their choice, they refused to remain in L'Acadie.  So they gathered up their money and their few possessions and prepared to leave their homeland.  Of the 600 who left Halifax in late 1764 bound for Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, four were Chiassons.

One of the Chiassons in Nova Scotia may have heard through the Acadian grapevine that his parents, who had been deported from Chignecto to South Carolina in 1755, died in that British colony but that his younger brother had survived the ordeal and emigrated to French St.-Domingue.  Beginning in November 1764, 600 Acadian prisoners from Halifax and other Nova Scotia compounds, the first group of 200 led by the Beausoleil Broussards, began leaving Halifax on chartered vessels heading for Cap-Français.  The Chiassons joined one of the later expeditions that left Halifax for the island port.  One could be certain that if the older brother knew his younger brother was still languishing on St.-Domingue, he would search for him as soon as he reached the island port. 

Chiassons had settled early in Acadia and were among the earliest Acadians to find refuge in Louisiana.  The first to reach New Orleans was a family from Halifax, which arrived via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, in 1765.  Evidently on their way to Louisiana, the head of this family, Pierre, retrieved his younger brother Paul from the island colony.  Pierre and Paul settled at Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans, where Pierre and his wife had more children, and where Paul created a family of his own.  Also with Pierre and Paul was nephew Jean-Baptiste Chiasson, who grew up on the river; however, after Jean-Baptiste came of age, he moved to the Opelousas District during the late 1780s and, with a cousin recently arrived from France, helped create a western branch of the family.  Meanwhile, a second wave of  Chiassons appeared in late 1785 on two of the Seven Ships from France.  Jean-Baptiste Chiasson came with his third wife, a Frenchwoman, and his two sons.  They settled on upper Bayou Lafourche, where they and their descendants created another center of family settlement.  Basile Chiasson also came to Louisiana from France in 1785, but he and his family did not settle on the upper Lafourche.  They went, instead, to the Opelousas District, the first of the family to settle west of the Atchafalaya Basin.  By the late antebellum period, only a single Chiasson family remained on the river, in Ascension Parish.  The others lived on the western prairies or on bayous Lafourche and Terrebonne.  Although they all were related, there seems to have been little interaction between the two branches of the family, such was the barrier imposed by the Atchafalaya Basin even during the steamboat era.  

A few Chiassons owned slaves during the late antebellum period.  The largest slaveholder in the family was Adrien Chiasson of Ascension Parish, who held eight slaves in 1860.  Two of his cousins in Lafayette Parish and a cousin in Lafourche Parish also held a hand full of slaves each, but, like Adrien, none of them owned enough bondsmen to be considered part of the planter class.  The great majority of Chiassons owned no slaves at all, at least none who appeared on the federal slave schedules of 1850 and 1860.  

Over a dozen Chiassons served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65.  Several of them were captured and held by the Federals, one of them at Camp Morton, Indiana, outside of Indianapolis, but all the Chiasson prisoners of war returned to their families.  Not so lucky was Adrien Charles Chiasson, who served in Company K of 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Ascension Parish, which fought under General Robert E. Lee in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.  According to his Confederate service record, Adrien Charles died in a general hospital at Culpeper Courthouse, Virginia, in May 1862, a few weeks before General Lee became commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.  Adrien Charles lies buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Richmond, so one wonders if he was transferred to a hospital in the capital city and died there instead of in Culpeper. 

The war took its toll on the Chiasson family fortunes back home.  Even before Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect in January 1863, Federal commands controlling the lower Mississippi freed the slaves on every farm and plantation their forces could reach.  Meanwhile, Union navy gunboats shelled and burned dozens of houses along the river.  Successive Federal incursions devastated the Bayou Lafourche valley early in the war, and the valley lay under the hard hand of Federal occupation for most of the conflict.  Federal armies marched three times through the Teche and upper Vermilion valleys, including the Grand Coteau area, and burned and pillaged many farms, some of them no doubt owned by Chiassons.  Thanks to these Federal invasions, emancipation came early to the area, with its resulting economic and social turmoil.  Confederate foraging parties and cutthroat Jayhawkers also plagued the areas where Chiassons lived, adding to the family's misery. ...

Today, members of the family on both sides of the Atchafalaya Basin use the spelling Chaisson almost as often as they do the older spelling, Chiasson.  The family's name also is spelled Chaison, Chaseant, Cheasson, Chiassond, Chianson, Chiasmon, Chiason, Chieason, Chieçon, Chiesson, Giason, Giasson, Schiasson, Sciasson, Siachon, Siasson, Seisson, Siesson.01

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Five Chiassons, including two brothers and a nephew, came to Louisiana from Halifax and French St.-Domingue in 1765.  They settled along the river above New Orleans on what became known as the Acadian Coast, but the nephew did not remain there.  He crossed the Atchafalaya Basin in the 1780s and helped create a new center of family settlement there:

  Pierre (c1729-?) à Gabriel dit Pierre à Guyon dit La Vallée Chiasson

Pierre, oldest son of Abraham Chiasson and Marie Poirier, born probably at Chignecto in c1729, married Osite, daughter of Paul Landry and Marie Hébert, probably at Chignecto in c1755.  They escaped the British in 1755 and took refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  By the early 1760s, they had either been captured by, or surrendered to, the British, who sent them to a prisoner-of-war camp in Nova Scotia.  The British counted them at Fort Cumberland, formerly French Beauséjour, near their former home at Chignecto, in August 1763.  With a young son and a young nephew in tow, they emigrated to Louisiana from Halifax via Cap-Français, French-St.-Domingue, in 1764-65.  They evidently retrieved Pierre's younger brother Paul at Cap-Français on the way to New Orleans.  Osite had been pregnant when they left Nova Scotia.  She gave birth to a daughter either on the voyage to Louisiana or at New Orleans in October 1765.  After baptizing the baby in early December, the family settled at Cabahannocer, a settled Acadian community on the river above New Orleans, where Osite gave Pierre more children.  Pierre died probably in his 60s by November 1794, when his wife remarried at Cabahannocer.  His daughter evidently died young.  Only one of his three sons married and settled on what was called the Lower Acadian Coast.

Oldest son Michel, born in c1759 during exile, followed his parents into imprisonment in Nova Scotia and his widowed mother to Louisiana and Cabahannocer.  He died at Cabahannocer in September 1777, age 18.  He did not marry.  

Pierre's second son Jean-Baptiste, called Baptiste, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in March 1771, married Angélique, also called Leonie Anne and Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Marcel LeBlanc and Marie Breaux, at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in April 1792.  Jean Baptiste died near Convent, St. James Parish, in March 1832, age 63.  His daughters married into the Lacoste and Poirier families. 

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, fils, born at Cabahannocer in April 1795, married Francoise, daughter of fellow Acadians Athanase Dugas and Françoise Broussard of Ascension Parish, at the Convent church, St. James Parish, in January 1817.  Their son Jean Adrien, called Adrien, was born in Ascension Parish in March 1824.  They may have had a son named Adrien Charles, born in c1834.  Jean Baptiste, fils died in Ascension Parish in October 1861, age 66.  One of his sons created a family of his own, and the other one died in Virginia during the War of 1861-65. 

Older son Jean Adrien, married Marie Anaïse, daughter of Dominique Drivon and Anna Duval, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1849.  Their son Jean Ernest was born in Ascension Parish in April 1852 but died the following June; Louis Joseph Fernand, called Fernand, was born in June 1853 but died at age 10 in June 1863; Paul John Henry was born in July 1856; Charles Maurice in July 1857; Robert in March 1860 but died at age 7 in August 1867; and René Adrien, also called Victorin, was born in November 1862 but died at age 5 months the following April.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted eight slaves--five males and three females, all black, ranging in age from 52 years to 3 months, living in 2 houses--on Adrien Chiasson's farm between James Hewitt's plantation, which held 176 slaves, and J. François, a "Negro," who owned five slaves, in the parish's Third Ward.  

During the War of 1861-65, Jean Baptiste, fils's younger son Adrien Charles served in Company K of the 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Ascension Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  According to his service record, Adrien Charles died in a Confederate hospital at Culpeper, Virginia, in May 1862.  He lies buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond, which may mean that he died in a hospital in the Confederate capital, not in Culpeper.  

Baptiste's second son Michel le jeune, also called Paul, born at Cabahannocer in June 1797, died near Convent, St. James Parish, age 17 in September 1814.

Baptiste's third son Zenon, born near Convent, in St. James Parish, in June 1809, died near Convent, age 17, in February 1827. 

Baptiste's fourth and youngest son Louis Charles, born probably in St. James Parish in c1814, died in Ascension Parish in April 1840, age 27.  He evidently did not marry.  

Pierre's third and youngest son Simon-Pierre, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahnnocer, age unrecorded, in May 1773, probably died young.  

Paul (c1746-1820) à Gabriel dit Pierre à Guyon dit La Vallée Chiasson

Paul, perhaps the youngest son of Abraham Chiasson and Marie Poirier, born probably at Chignecto in c1746, followed his parents to South Carolina, where colonial officials counted him as an 18-year-old orphan in August 1763.  Later that year, he followed other Acadian exiles in the colony to French St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, to work on a new French naval base on the north side of the island at Môle St.-Nicolas.  He did not remain there.  His older brother Pierre evidently retrieved him at Cap-Français on the voyage down from Halifax.  Paul accompanied his brother and sister-in-law to New Orleans and settled with them at Cabahanocer, where he appeared in a Spanish censuses in April 1766 on the east bank of the river.  The Spanish counted him there in September 1769, this time on the west bank of the river.  He was still a bachelor.  He married fellow Acadian Marie-Madeleince Blanchard probably at Cabahannocer in c1770.  They settled upriver at San Gabriel in what became Iberville Parish.  Paul died in Iberville Parish in March 1820, age 74.  His daughters married into the Babin, Charpentier, Hébert, Hernandez, Jaeleus, and LeBlanc families.  Two of his four sons settled in Iberville Parish, but, except for the blood, none of their lines endured.

Oldest son Paul, fils, baptized at San Gabriel, age unrecorded, in October 1776, died at San Gabriel in December 1790, age 14.  

Paul, père's second son Étienne, born at San Gabriel in c1784, married Marie Julie, called Julie, daughter of Joseph Sharp and Marie Anne Choquette of Baton Rouge, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in August 1809.  Étienne died near St. Gabriel in March 1821, age 27.  His daughter married into the Cobb family.  Except for its blood, this line of the family did not endure. 

Only son Lucien, born near St. Gabriel in December 1810, probably died young. 

Paul, père's third son Victorin or Victor, born at San Gabriel in March 1786, married Henriette, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Joseph Dupuis and Ludivine Landry, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in May 1809.  Their daughter married into the Labauve family.  Victorin remarried to Marie Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Isaac LeBlanc and Félicité Melançon, at the St. Gabriel church in June 1820.  Their daughter married into the Boote family.  Victorin died near St. Gabriel in April 1824.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Victorin was age 30 when he died, but he was 38.  He had no sons by his second wife, so this line of the family, except for its blood, died with his only son in the late 1820s.  

Only son Victor, fils, by first wife Henriette Dupuis, born probably in Iberville Parish in c1815, died at age 14 in January 1829. 

Paul, père's fourth and youngest son Félicien was buried at San Gabriel, age unrecorded, in November 1791.  

Jean-Baptiste (c1762-1854) à Abraham à Gabriel dit Pierre à Guyon dit La Vallée Chiasson

Jean-Baptiste, only son of Joseph Chiasson and Annette Sonnier and nephew of Pierre and Paul, was born at Halifax in c1762.  His parents died soon after, and his uncle Pierre raised him.  He accompanied his uncle's family to Louisiana via French St.-Domingue in 1764-65 and followed them to Cabahannocer on the river, but he did not remain there.  After he came of age in the 1780s, he crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Opelousas District, where he married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean LeBlanc and his Anglo wife Marie Hayes, in c1786.  They settled on Prairie Bellevue east of present-day Opelousas and then moved farther out on the prairies to upper Bayou Plaquemine Brulé.  Jean-Baptiste died at the home of his youngest son Magloire at Beaumont, Texas, in July 1854.  His family insisted that Jean-Baptiste died at age 109, but he was closer to 92--one of the last of the Acadian immigrants in Louisiana to join his ancestors.  His daughters married into the Cart and Dugas families.  Four of his five sons settled on the prairies and bayous of southwest Louisiana and southeast Texas. 

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, fils, called Baptiste, born at Opelousas in April 1792, married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Olivier dit Pierrot Dugas and Sophie Gautreaux of Prairie Sorel, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1820.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted four slaves--one male and three females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 1--on Jean Bte. Chiaisson's farm in the parish's western district.  Jean Baptiste, fils died in Lafayette Parish in April 1852, age 60. His succession record was not filed at the Vermilionville courthouse until November 1855.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted six slaves--one male and five females, all black, ages 58 to 6--on Mrs. John Bt. Chiason's farm next to Louis Chiason; this was Jean Baptiste, fils's widow, Julie Dugas.  Baptiste and Julie's daughters married into the Michel, Nezat, and Sonnier families.  Six of Baptiste and Julie's eight sons created their own families on the prairies.

Oldest son Gédéon, called Zédé, born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in October 1821, died in Lafayette Parish at age 8 in September 1829.

 Baptiste's second Jean Baptiste III, called fils, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1824, married Amelie, daughter of Narcisse Begnaud and Frances Guilbert, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in April 1845.  Their son Alexandre was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 15 months, in March 1851; Paul Ambroise was born in April 1853; and Jean Baptiste IV in February 1857.  Jean Baptiste III died in Lafayette Parish in November 1868.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded the marriage, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Jean Baptiste died "at age 50 yrs.," but he was 44.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in December.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Alexandre Alexandre married Eveline, daughter of fellow Acadians Sosthène, also called Lasty, Vincent and Oliva Benoit, at the Vermilionville church in August 1868. 

Baptiste's third son Paul or Hippolyte Oscar, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 9 days, in February 1828, married Divine, daughter of Adolphe Nezat and Virginia Patin, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1848.  Their son Pierre Aniset was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1849.  Divine died two weeks later, probably from the rigors of childbirth.  Hippolyte remarried to Sidalise Morvant probably in the 1850s, and remarried again--his third marriage--to Élisabeth, daughter of John Caruthers and his Acadian wife Adélaïde Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in June 1859.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--a 65-year-old black male--on Hypolite Chiuson's farm.  Hippolyte's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in March 1863.  He would have been age 35 that year.

Baptiste's fourth son Pierre, baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 5 months in November 1831, married Fanelie, daughter of Francois Guilbert and Émelie Begnaud, at the Vermilionville church in September 1852.  Their son François was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1853 but died at age 3 in October 1856; Pierre Numa was born in September 1857; Jacques in December 1859; and Pierre, fils in March 1862 but died at age 5 (the recording priest said age 3) in July 1867. 

Baptiste's fifth son Narcisse, baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 4 months in January 1834, married Julie, daughter of French Canadians Cyprien Roy and Celina Roy, at the Breaux Bridge church in March 1859.  Their son Joseph Marius was born near Breaux Bridge in November 1861, and Jean Baptiste Genesis in Lafayette Parish in February 1869.  During the War of 1861-65, Narcisse, like his brother Joseph le jeune, was a conscript from St. Martin Parish, but Confederate records do not reveal if he served in an organized unit.  He and his family were living near Arnaudville soon after the war. 

Baptiste's sixth son Edmond le jeune, baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 4 months in May 1837, married Helena or Hélène, daughter of William Beard and his Acadian wife Julie Trahan, at the the Vermilionville church in February 1860.  Their son Joseph Théophile was born in Lafayette Parish in September 1869. 

Baptiste's seventh son Joseph le jeune, baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 3 months in May 1839, married Adriske or Advise, daughter of fellow Acadians Symphorien Prejean and Eugènie Breaux, at the Vermilionville church in September 1861.  During the War of 1861-65, Joseph, like his brother Narcisse, was a conscript from St. Martin Parish, but Confederate records do not reveal if he served in an organized unit.  Joseph le jeune's succession record may have been filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in February 1866.  He would have been age 27 that year. 

Baptiste's eighth and youngest son Ignace, born in Lafayette Parish in December 1840, died at age 2 1/2 in August 1843. 

Jean-Baptiste, père's second son Joseph, born at Opelousas in April 1796, married Marie Tarsile, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Dugas and Marie Rose Duhon of La Butte and widow of Alexandre Leger, at the St. Martinville church in February 1818.  Their daughter married into the Begnaud and Doucet families.  Joseph remarried to Rosalie Vizina in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in February 1826.  They settled near Grand Coteau.  Three of his six sons by both wives married by 1870. 

Oldest son Joseph Drosin, called Drosin, from first wife Marie Tarsile Dugas, born in St. Martin Parish in July 1819, married Madeleine Gatt in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1840, and remarried to Marie Myrza Lejeune, perhaps a fellow Acadian, in the 1850s.  They settled near Grand Coteau.  Their son Alexis was born in November 1857.  Drosin's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in December 1865.  He would have been age 46 that year.  

Joseph's second son Edmond le jeune, by first wife Marie Tarsile Dugas, baptized at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, age 14 months, in May 1822, married Phelonise, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Boutin and his Creole wife Uranie Miller, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in December 1845.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Théodore was born in November 1849. 

Joseph's third son Valmont, by second wife Rosalie Vizina, born near Grand Coteau in January 1829, married Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Hébert and Célestine Trahan, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1850, and sanctified that marriage at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1851.  Their son Valmont, fils was born near Grand Coteau in November 1850.  Valmont remarried to Célestine David, also called Bienville, perhaps a fellow Acadian.  Their son Napoléon was born near Grand Coteau in October 1861; Joseph Adam near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in December 1863; Froisin at Coulee Triffe in July 1867; and Paul in January 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, Valmont enlisted in Company K of the 10th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Valmont's Confederate service was short, however.  Two days after he enlisted at Camp Moore, Louisiana, in July 1861, he was discharged "on account of physical disability," so he did not leave the Bayou State. 

Joseph's fourth son Valcour, by second wife Rosalie Vizina, born near Grand Coteau in March 1832, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Joseph's fifth son Drosin, by second wife Rosalie Vizina, born near Grand Coteau in August 1837, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Joseph's sixth and youngest son Joseph Azolin, by second wife Rosalie Vizina, born near Grand Coteau in March 1846, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.  

Jean-Baptiste, père's third son Edmond, born at Opelousas in November 1798, died at the home of Louis Lavigne at Prairie du Large, St. Landry Parish, in February 1819, age 21.  Edmond evidently did not marry.  

Jean-Baptiste, père's fourth son Gérard Christopher, baptized at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, age 2, in July 1807, married Aspasie, daughter of fellow Acadians Paul Guidry and Adélaïde Duhon, at the Vermilionville church in May 1826.  Their daughters married into the Gatt family.  Gérard, père, at age 63, may have remarried to French Canadian Susanne, called Suzette, Istre, widow of Édouard Cortine or Courtine, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in June 1868. 

Oldest son Edmond le jeune, by first wife Aspasie Guidry, baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 16 months, in May 1826, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Gérard Christopher's second son Onésime, by first wife Aspasie Guidry, baptized at the Vermilionville church, at age 2 in March 1833, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Gérard Christopher's third son Agerin, by first wife Aspasie Guidry, baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 6 months in September 1834, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Gérard, fils, by first wife Aspasie Guidry,born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in September 1848, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.   

Jean-Baptiste, père's fifth and youngest son Magloire, also called McGuire, born at Opelousas in March 1807, settled in Beaumont, Texas, by 1840.  It was at Magloire's home in Beaumont that his father Jean-Baptiste died in July 1854, in his early 90s.

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Six more Chiassons--two families led by first cousins--came to Louisiana in 1758 aboard two of the Seven Ships from France.  One family followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche and created a large center of family settlement there.  The other cousin settled on the western prairies, where he helped create another new center of family settlement:

Jean-Baptiste (c1728-?) à Gabriel dit Pierre à Guyon dit La Vallée Chiasson

Jean-Baptiste le jeune, oldest son of François Chiasson and Anne Doucet, born probably at Chignecto in c1729, followed his family to the French Maritimes, where he married Louise, daughter of Joseph Precieux and Anne Haché, probably at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, the church for Havre-St.-Pierre and Havre-aux-Sauvages, in c1752.  Between 1753 and 1757, Louise gave him three children, a son and two daughters.  One of the daughters evidently died in infancy.  The British deported Jean-Baptiste le jeune, Louise, and their two surviving children to St.-Malo, France, in 1758.  The two children died at sea.  Louise died at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, soon after they reached the French port.  Jean-Baptiste le jeune remarried to Marguerite-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Dugas and Marguerite Benoit, at St.-Melior-des-Ondes, near St.-Malo, in June 1761. She gave him two sons at La Blanche and St.-Melior-des-Ondes in 1763 and 1765.  Marguerite-Josèphe died at St.-Servan in June 1766, and Jean-Baptiste le jeune remarried again--his third marriage--to Frenchwoman Anne-Perrine, daughter of Jacques Joanne and Perrine Charpentier, at St.-Servan in January 1769.  She gave him another son at St.-Servan in 1769.  In the early 1770s, they followed other Acadians exiles to Poitou, where Anne-Perrine gave Jean-Baptiste le jeune another daughter in 1775.  They retreated with dozens of other Poitou Acadians to the port city of Nantes in December 1775.  A decade later, Jean-Baptiste le jeune took Anne-Perrine and two of his sons to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships of 1785, which reached New Orleans in early November.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche, where the two sons created vigorous lines in a new center of family settlement. 

Older son Joseph-François, by second wife Marguerite-Josèphe Dugas, born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in October 1769, followed his father, stepmother, and younger half-brother to Louisiana.  He settled with them at Ascension on the river above New Orleans, where he married Marie, daughter of François Simoneaux of Lorraine, France, and his Acadian wife Marie-Osite-Anne Corporon, in July 1789.  Marie's family had come to Louisiana from Maryland in 1766.  Spanish officials counted Joseph-François and Marie on the left, or east, bank of the river at Ascension in 1791.  Four years later, they had settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Their daughter married into the Culere or Tulere family.  Joseph-François remarried to Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Lejeune and Anastasie Levron, at Assumption on the upper Lafourche in January 1797.  Marguerite also had come to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, she and Joseph-François probably had known one another for years.  They settled near the boundary of what became Assumption and Ascension parishes.  Their daughter married into the Guidry family.  Four of Joseph-François's six sons created their own families in Lafourche Interior and Terrebonne parishes.  His second son's line was especially prolific; the son's descendants settled in the Chackbay area of Lafourche Parish, north of present-day Thibodaux. 

Oldest son François-Victor, by first wife Marie Simoneaux, born at Ascension in July 1790, married Claire Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Benoît Comeaux and Anne Blanchard, probably in Lafourche Interior Parish in the 1810s.  Claire had been born aboard L'Amitié on it way from France to Louisiana in 1785, so she was nearly five years older than François.  Their son Pierre Eugène was born probably in Lafourche Interior Parish in c1815; and Jean Faustin, called Faustin, in March 1826.  Their daughters married into the Aisenne, Aupied, and Boudreaux families.  François-Victor's sons also created their own families on the bayou. 

Older son Pierre Eugène married Françoise Hortense or Hortense Françoise, daughter of Jean Lagarde and his Acadian wife Françoise Adélaïde Templet, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in August 1837.  Their son Joseph Justineau was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1840.  Their daughters married into the Aucoin and Thibodeaux families.  Pierre Eugène remarried to Felonise, daughter of fellow Acadians Benjamin Landry and Delphine Breaux and widow of Valéry Boutary, at the Thibodeaux church in October 1860.  Their son Joseph Fernand, called Fernand, was born in Lafourche Parish in December 1863; and François Augustin in April 1866.  Pierre Eugène died in Lafourche Parish in October or November 1867, age 42.  A petition for his succession inventory was filed at the Thibodeaux courthouse the following month.  

François-Victor's younger son Faustin married Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Valéry Bourgeois and Rosalie Richard, at the Thibodaux church in May 1851.  During the War of 1861-65, Faustin served in the Lafourche Parish Regiment of Militia, which fought at the Battle of Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in October 1862.  He was captured with most of his regiment and paroled at Thibodaux a few weeks later.  

Joseph-François's second son Pierre-Alexandre, by first wife Marie Simoneaux, born at Assumption in August 1793, married Marcelline or Marcellite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Thibodeaux and Rose D'Amours, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in July 1815.  Their son Pierre Eugène, called Eugène, was born in Assumption Parish in November 1818; Evariste Alexis in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1824; Sylvain Théodule in May 1826; Paul Adrien, called Adrien, in February 1829; Jean Léon, called Léon in October 1831; Pierre Aurelien Georges Bedford, called George, in June 1834; Henry Octave, called Octave, in July 1837; and Joseph Aurelien died 32 hours after his birth in April 1840.  Pierre Alexandre died near Paincourtville, Assumption Parish, in July 1865, age 71.  His daughter married into the Martin family.  Six of his eight sons created their own families in Lafourche and Terrebonne parishes. 

Oldest son Eugène married Sophie, also called Jolivette and Solidele, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Usé and Marie Quimine, at the Thibodauxville church in May 1835.  Their son Pierre Edmond, called Edmond, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1836; Théodore in July 1840; Joseph Ulysse, called Ulysse, in April 1842; Eugène Ernest, called Ernest, in February 1844 but died at age 18 months in October 1845; and Evariste Adam was born in October 1847.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Lafourche Parish counted five slaves--two males and three females, two blacks and three mulattoes, ranging in age from 28 to 1--on P. Eugène Chiasson's farm in the parish's First Ward.  Four of his five sons created their own families on the Lafourche.

Oldest son Edmond married Louisa, daughter of Jacques Duet and his Acadian wife Adèle Molaison, at the Thibodaux church in April 1858.  Their son Pierre was born in Lafourche Parish in October 1866.  During the War of 1861-65, Edmond served in the Lafourche Parish Regiment of Militia, which fought at the Battle of Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in October 1862.  He was captured with most of his regiment and paroled at Thibodeaux a few weeks later.  

 During the War of 1861-65, Eugène's second son Théodore served in Company E of the 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and Alabama.  One source says he died in July 1863, but he was actually captured near Jackson, Mississippi, forwarded to Snyder's Bluff, and then sent to Camp Morton, Indiana, a prisoner-of-war compound near Indianapolis.  Meanwhile, his unit roster listed him as a deserter.  Théodore survived his ordeal at Camp Morton and married Séverine, daughter of  Jacques Adam and Julie Navarre, at the Vacherie church, St. James Parish, in May 1866; the marriage also was recorded in Lafourche Parish the same month.  Their son Eugène le jeune was born in Lafourche Parish in April 1869.  

War of 1861-65, Eugène's third son Ulysse served in Company I of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Ulysse married Julie, daughter of Célestin Guyot, perhaps a Foreign Frenchman, and his Anglo wife Marie Elizabeth Ferguson, at the Thibodaux church in September 1865.  Their son Joseph Ulysse, fils was born in Lafourche Parish in September 1865; and Joachim Célestin was born in January 1870.  

Eugène's fifth son Evariste Adam married Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Hippolyte Hébert and Victoire Boudreaux, at the Thibodaux church in May 1867.  

Pierre Alexandre's second son Evariste Alexis married Marie Adele, called Adele, daughter of Alexis Hymel and Marcelline Badeaux, at the Thibodaux church in January 1843.  Their son Pierre Numa, called Numa or Luma, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1845; Onesime Augustin in November 1848; and Julien Anatole in November 1864.  Their daughter married into the Rodrique family.  Two of Evariste Alexis's sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Numa married Célestine, daughter of Michel Montz and Marie Portier, at the Thibodaux church in January 1864.   

Evariste Alexis's second son Onésime married Céleste, another daughter of Jacques Adam and Julie Navarre, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in January 1869, and sanctified the marriage at the Vacherie church, St. James Parish, in February.  Their son Camille was born in Lafourche Parish in November 1870.  

Pierre Alexandre's third son Sylvain Théodule married Marie Eugènie, called Eugènie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph LeBlanc and Celanie Breaux, at the Thibodaux church in June 1847.  Their son Pierre Octave, called Octave le jeune, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1848; Léo Oscar near Lockport in September 1853; Henry Isaac in March 1856; Sylvain Osémé near Raceland in July 1862; Joseph near Lockport in February 1865; Jean William in June 1867; and Joseph Félix in August 1869.  One of Sylvain's sons married before 1870. 

Oldest son Octave le jeune married Laiza, daughter of fellow Acadian Urbain Aucoin and his Creole wife Céleste Adam, at the Lockport church, Lafourche Parish, in February 1869.  Their son Joseph le jeune was born near Lockport in November 1869.  

Pierre Alexandre's fourth son Adrien married Marie, also called Clelie, daughter of Jacques Pontiff and Emeranthe Hymel, at the Thibodaux church in February 1850.  Their son Ernest died in Lafourche Interior Parish at age 2 months in January 1851.  Adrien remarried to Hypoline or Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Charles Richard and Scholastique Bourgeois, at the Thibodeaux church in April 1853.  Their son Adam Augustin was born in Lafourche Parish in December 1855, and Joseph Alcide in August 1857.  Adrien remarried again--his third marriage--to Estelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Edmond Thibodeaux and Élisabeth Robichaux and widow of T. Richard, at the Thibodaux church in March 1860.  Their son Albert was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1866.  

Pierre Alexandre's fifth son Jean Léon died in Ascension Parish in October 1853.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Léon was age 26 when he died, but he was only 22.  He did not marry.  

Pierre Alexandre's sixth son George married Doralise, another daughter of Alexis Hymel and Marcelline Badeaux, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in July 1854.  Their son Oleus was born in Lafourche Parish in late 1855 but died at age 2 1/2 in January 1858; Wilfrid Édouard was born in April 1861; Augustin Clerville near Vacherie, St. James Parish, in October 1867; and Joseph Lovinci near Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in March 1870.  

Pierre Alexandre's seventh son Octave married Marie Estelle, called Estelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Molaison and Marie Louise Hébert, at the Thibodaux church in February 1858.  Their son Pierre Édouard was born in Lafourche Parish in November 1860, Joseph Ernest in October 1864, and Joseph Arthur in December 1866.

Joseph-François's third son Joseph-Marcellin, by first wife Marie Simoneaux, born at Assumption in December 1795, probably died young.  

Joseph-François's fourth son Jean-Baptiste-Prudent, by second wife Marguerite Lejeune, born at Assumption in June 1800, also probably died young.  

Joseph-François's fifth son Joseph Florentin Bernard, by second wife Marguerite Lejeune, born at Assumption in August 1804, married Marie Pauline, called Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Guidry and Marguerite Bergeron, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in October 1826.  Their son Jean Pierre, called Pierre, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1829; Marcellin in May 1834; Bernard in September 1836; and Joseph Justinien, called Justinien, in October 1840.  Joseph died in Terrebonne Parish in May 1854.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 45 when he died, but he was 49.  His daughters married into the Boucher, Clément, Marcel, and Watkins families.  Two of his three sons married by 1870, and two of them served Louisiana in uniform.

Oldest son Jean Pierre married Celina, daughter of fellow Acadians Nicolas Leandre Crochet and Madeleine Bergeron, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in April 1856.  Their son Adam had been baptized at the Houma church, age unrecorded, in July 1854; Leandre Richard was born in April 1856; Jean Pierre, fils in April 1859; and Joseph Lovenci in February 1867.

During the War of 1861-65, Joseph Florentin Bernard's second son Bernard served in Company H of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Terrebonne Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He married Eliza, daughter of fellow Acadians Evariste Aucoin and Émilie Boudreaux, at the Houma church in March 1864 while he was home waiting to be exchanged with his unit, which has been captured at Vicksburg the previous July.  Their son Élie Joseph was born in Terrebonne Parish in January 1865, Helesse Paulin in December 1866, and Evariste Audressi in October 1869.   

During the War of 1861-65, Joseph Florentin Bernard's third and youngest son Justinien served in Company E of the 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and Alabama.  

Joseph-François's sixth and youngest son Paul François Romain, also called Hippolyte, by second wife Marguerite Lejeune, born in Ascension Parish in January 1808, married fellow Acadian Marie Bathilde, called Bathilde, Bergeron in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in May 1830, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church in July 1855.  Their son Joseph Votcius was born in Terrebonne Parish in March 1850; twins Jean Baptiste and Théodule Léonard in February 1853; and Édouard Henry in July 1854.  Their daughters married into the Escassus, Henry, Klinke, Lacarr, Malbrough, Roos, and Whitney families.  

Jean-Baptiste's younger son Pierre-Louis, by third wife Anne-Perrine Joanne, half-brother of Joseph-Francois was born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in October 1769.  He followed his parents and older half-brother to Louisiana and settled with them on upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marguerite, daughter of Jean Le Boeuf and Renée Matherne of St.-Jean-Baptiste on the German Coast, in July 1805.  They settled in what became Terrebonne Parish.  Pierre's succession inventory was filed at the Houma courthouse in July 1833.  He would have been age 64 that year.  His daughters married into the Cunningham, Dugas, and Naquin families.  Two of three sons married and remained in Terrebonne Parish, settling near Montegut at the edge of the coastal marshes.  

Oldest son Joseph André, called André, born in Assumption Parish in December 1813, married Félicité Cilda, Ernildor, or Esilda Billiot probably in Terrebonne Parish in the late 1840s or early 1850s.  Their son Andrécis was born in Terrebonne Parish in October 1855, Marcel Florentin in June 1859, Faustin Paul in January 1865, Arthur Adam near Montegut in January 1868, and Joseph Alfred in June 1870. 

Pierre Louis's second son Jean Pierre Gabriel, called Gabriel and Briel, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1819, married Henriette Scholastique, also called Louise, daughter of Jean Dupré, fils and Eléonore LeBoeuf, at the Thibodaux church in September 1840.  Their son Jean Pierre, called Pierre, was born in Terrebonne Parish in July 1849; Ferdinand Léon in July 1851; Hermogène Maximin in August 1853; and Jean Placide in October 1855.  Their daughter married into the Guidry family.  Gabriel remarried to Elise, daughter of Jean Pierre Ledet and his Acadian wife Marie Josèphe Roger and widow of W. Bélanger, at the Montegut church in August 1869.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Pierre, by first wife Henriette Scholastique Dupré, married Marie, daughter of Marcellin Bélanger and Élize Ledet, at the Montegut church in February 1870.   

Pierre Louis's third and youngest son François Henry, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1821, married Marie Geneviève, also called Élisabeth, daughter of French Creole François André Dubois and Geneviève Durocher of Terrebonne Parish, at the Thibodaux church in May 1844.  Their son François Martial, called Martial, was born in Terrebonne Parish in May 1845; Apollinaire Marcel in November 1848; and Édouard in October 1850.  Their daughter married into the Bourg and Malbrough families.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Martial married Basilise Elmire, daughter of Jean Charles Dupré and his Acadian wife Marie Céleste Naquin, at the Montegut church, Terrebonne Parish, in June 1870. 

Basile (c1749-c1808) à Jean-Baptiste à Gabriel dit Pierre à Guyon dit La Vallée Chiasson

Basile, only son of Pierre Chiasson and Catherine Bourgeois and Jean-Baptiste le jeune's first cousin, was born at Pointe Beauséjour, Chignecto, in c1750.  He followed his parents to Île St.-Jean and to Cherbourg, France.  He married fellow Acadian Monique Comeau probably at Cherbourg in c1772.  Between 1773 and 1775, Monique gave him three daughters, one of whom died an infant.  They joined other Acadian exiles in Poitou during the early 1770s and retreated to Nantes with other Poitou Acadians to Nantes in November 1775.  From 1780 to 1784, Monique gave him three sons at Nantes, but two of them died young.  In 1785, Basile and his family chose to go to Louisiana in the Seven Ships expedition.  They signed up to cross aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, but the illness of their youngest son delayed their crossing.  After the boy died, the family booked passage aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-December.  They chose to settle on the Opelousas prairies, where Monique died a few years later.  Basile remarried to Anne-Marie, called Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Thibodeaux and Françoise Sonnier, widow of L'ange Bourg, and sister of one of his daughter's husband, at Opelousas in July 1789.  Marie gave Basile more children, including three more sons.  His daughters by both wives married into the Thibodeaux, Cormier, Doucet, Petit dit Parrain, and Richard families.  Three of his sons by both wives married, but only one of the lines endured, in what became Lafayette Parish.

Oldest son Louis-Basile, by first wife Monique Comeau, baptized at Ste.-Croix, Nantes, in December 1780, died at age 21 months in August 1782.

Basile's second son Charles-Albert, by first wife Monique Comeau, born at Nantes in c1782, married Madeleine, daughter of French Canadian Charles Bourassa and his Acadian wife Madeleine Lalande, at Opelousas in September 1802.  Their child, perhaps a son, name unrecorded, died "du mal de machoire (from a hurt jaw; perhaps lockjaw)" at Opelousas in December 1804.  Charles's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in November 1848.  He would have been age 66 that year.  His daughters married into the Matte family.  He and his wife had no sons, at least none who survived childhood, so this line of the family, except for its blood, died with him.  

Basile's third son Louis-Joseph, by first wife Monique Comeau, baptized at Ste.-Croix, Nantes, in September 1784, died at Chantenay, near Nantes, in September 1785 on the eve of the family's departure for Louisiana.

Basile's fourth son Pierre, by second wife Anne-Marie Thibodeaux, born at Opelousas in September 1792, married Ludivine or Severine, daughter of Eustache Moreau and Dorothée Roy, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1819.  Their daughter married into the Lanclos family.  Did Pierre father any sons?  

Basile's fifth son Louis, by second wife Anne-Marie Thibodeaux, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in October 1796, married Marie dite Doralise, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Sonnier and Marie Thibodeaux of La Butte, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in November 1817.  Their daughter married into the Bertrand and Melançon families.  Louis remarried to Susanne, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Dugas and Marie Duhon, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in November 1828.  Their daughters married into the Albarado and Richard families.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted five slaves--fouir males and one female, all black, ranging in age from 35 years to 3 months--on Louis Chiaisson's farm in the parish's western district.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted six slaves--five males and one female, all mulatto except for one black, ages 50 to 6--on Louis Chiason's farm next to Mrs. John Bt. Chiason.  Louis may have remarried again--perhaps his third marriage--to Marie Carmelite Sidalise, daughter of fellow Acadians Leufroi Sonnier and Carmelite Comeaux and widow of Pierre Anaclet Richard, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in February 1869.  If so, Louis would have been in his early to mid-70s at the time of the wedding!  Five of his six sons by both wives created their own families on the prairies. 

Oldest son Louis Dupré, called Dupré and Dupréville, from first wife Doralise Sonner, born in St. Martin Parish in November 1818, married Marie Josephine, called Josephine, daughter of Simon Durio and his Acadian wife Marie Madeleine Landry of Grand Coteau, at the Vermilionville church in February 1840.  Their son Louis Dupré, fils was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1840; and twins Simon Homere, called Homere, and Simonet Emard or Aymar, called Aymar, in August 1848.  Louis Dupré, père died in Lafayette Parish in November 1859, age 41.  His three sons created their own families on the prairies.

Oldest son Louis Dupré, fils married Marie Émelie, called Émelie, daughter of Antoine Clavel and his Acadian wife Léontine Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in April 1860.  Their son Adam Ebrard was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1868.  During the War of 1861-65, Louis Dupré, fils served with his uncle Théogène in Company E of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

Dupré's second son Homere married cousin Adoiska, daughter of fellow Acadians Théodule Melançon and Elisa Chiasson, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1866. 

Dupré's third son Aymar married Augustine, another daughter of Antoine Clavel and Léontine Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in May 1870.  Aymar died in Lafayette Parish in November 1870.  Did he father any children? 

Louis's second son Joseph, by first wife Doralise Sonnier, born in St. Martin Parish in October 1819, married Marie Odile, called Odile, daughter of Francois Begnaud and his Acadian wife Mélanie Robichaux, at the Vermilionville church in December 1840.  Joseph died in Lafayette Parish in May 1842, age 22.  Did he father any sons?  

Louis's third son Pierre, also called Clerville, by first wife Doralise Sonnier, born in Lafayette Parish in July 1823, died at age 3 in August 1826. 

Louis's fourth son Théogène, by second wife Susanne Dugas, baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in April 1831, married Azema or Azémie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Trahan and his Creole wife Claire Dubois, at the Vermilionville church in November 1854.  Their son Cleopha was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1855, Jean Louis in August 1856, and Joseph Selma was born in May 1864.  During the War of 1861-65, Théogène served with his nephew Louis Dupré, fils in Company E of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Théogène's son Joseph was born a month after he returned to his unit following its exchange.  Théogène's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in February 1867.  He would have been age 36 that year.  

 Louis's fifth son Théodule, by second wife Susanne Dugas, born in Lafayette Parish in June 1832, married Adonatille or Donatille, daughter of fellow Acadian Olivier Guidry, fils and his Creole wife Marie Meaux, at the Vermilionville church in December 1858.  Their son Edgar was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1862, Louis Olivier in February 1864, Hebrard in May 1866 but died the following September, and Adam was born in September 1868.  

Louis's sixth and youngest son Aurelien, also called Chretien, by second wife Susanne Dugas, baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 12 days, in November 1839, married fellow Acadian Marie Aphanelie, called Fanelly, Dugas in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in April 1860.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in September 1864.  He would have been age 25 that year.  Did he father any sons? 

Basile's sixth and youngest son Basile, fils, by second wife Anne-Marie Thibodeaux, born at Opelousas in c1800 and baptized there, age 4, in October 1804, died in Lafayette Parish in October 1862, age 62.  He evidently did not marry.  

Clément

Jean Clément, born at Jeffrets, bishopric of Coutances, France, in c1707, was not kin to the Vincent dit Cléments of British Nova Scotia and Île St.-Jean.  Jean came to Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, by c1722 probably as a young fisherman.  He married Marie-Josèphe Druce of Minas at Port-Toulouse on the island in c1726.  Marie-Josèphe's roots were in British Nova Scotia.  Her father Benjamin was an Englishman, son of John Druce and Anne Turner of Benson, Oxfordshire.  Benjamin had been baptized an Anglican there on 25 January 1685.  He came to Acadia by 1710, probably as a British soldier.  He had to convert to Catholicism to marry Madeleine, daughter of Acadians Robert Henry and Marie-Madeleine Godin of Minas.  Witnesses to his profession of faith, recorded on 6 December 1710, were Pierre Melanson and Pierre Thériot of Minas.  Benjamin died at Minas in March 1714, age 29; one wonders if his death was war-related.  Daughter Marie-Josèphe, born at Minas in late January 1712, was his only child.  Benjamin's widow Madeleine remarried to Jean-Baptiste Radoux in c1715, and he likely took them to Île Royale.  Between 1732 and 1754, Marie-Josèphe gave Jean Clément at least 10 childern, eight sons and two daughters, all born on the island.  Jean and Marie-Josèphe's daughters married into the Lirard and LeHardy families from France.  The extended family settled at St.-Esprit, on the Atlantic side of the island, where a French official counted them in February 1752.  Jean was still working as a fisherman at the time. 

When the British rounded up the Acadians in Nova Scotia in the fall of 1755, the Cléments on Île Royale, living in territory controlled by France, remained unmolested.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the British rounded up most of the island Acadians.  Hilaire, son of Jean Clément and Marie-Josèphe Druce, was only age 12 and living with relatives probably at St.-Espirit when the British deported the island Acadians to France.  Hilaire, his older sister Marguerite, her husband François Hardy, and six-year-old nephew Hilaire Hardy made the crossing aboard the British transport Queen of Spain, which reached St.-Malo in mid-November.  Marguerite did not survive the ordeal.  

Hilaire Clément lived in France for over a quarter century, working as a domestic.  In the early 1770s, still a bachelor in his late 20s and living at Trigavou, near St.-Malo, he took part in a settlement venture in the Poitou region and found a wife there.  While living at Monthoiron, south of Châtellerault, he married Tarsile, daughter of fellow Acadians François Naquin and Angélique Blanchard, at Leigné-les-Bois in October 1774.  Their daughter Marie was born at nearby Bonneuil-Matours in July 1775.  In March 1776, Hilaire and his family left Poitou with most of the other disgruntled Acadians and retreated to the port city of Nantes.  There they survived as best they could on government handouts and what work Hilaire could find as a domestic servant and a carpenter.  They had three more children at Nantes:  Jean-Hilaire was born at Chantenay, near Nantes, in November 1776; Madeleine in February 1779 but died the following August; and François was born in October 1780.  Wife Tarsile died at Nantes in April 1784, age 38.  Son François died by September 1784, when Spanish officials counted the family at Nantes and noted that Hilaire had only two children left in his household. 

About the time of Tarsile's death, the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France a chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana.  Hilaire Clément, a widower with two young children, agreed to take it.  He and his children crossed on Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships from France, which reached New Orleans in August 1785, and chose to follow the majority of their fellow Acadians to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Hilaire died there in the late 1780s.  His son Jean-Hilaire married a fellow Acadian and settled on the bayou.  Jean-Hilaire's sons and grandsons, most of whom married fellow Acadians, settled on the middle Lafourche around present-day Thibodaux.  Soon after the War of 1861-65, one of Jean-Hilaire's descendants moved from the Lafourche valley to upper Bayou Teche, but most of his descendants remained on the Lafourche. ...

The family's name also is spelled Clemant, Clemente, Climent.02

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Only one Acadian Clément emigrated to Louisiana: 

Hilaire (c1746-late 1780s) Clément

Hilaire, sixth son of Jean Clément and Marie-Josèphe Druce of Île Royale, was deported to France in 1758 and came to Louisiana in 1785, a widower, with two young children, a son and a daughter.  His daughter Marie married into the Dugas family.  His son created a family of his own along Bayou Lafourche.

Surviving son Jean-Hilaire, born at Chantenay, near Nantes, France, in November 1776, followed his widowed father and his sister to Louisiana and to upper Bayou Lafourche.  After his father died, he lived with his sister and relatives on the upper bayou.  He married Geneviève-Sophie, called Sophie, daughter of fellow Acadians Victor Boudreaux and his second wife Geneviève Richard, at Assumption on the upper bayou in September 1801.  Sophie, a native of St.-Servan near St.-Malo, had come to Louisiana in 1785 aboard La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships.  Jean-Hilaire died in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1844.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Hilaire died "at age 69 yrs.," but he was 67.  His daughters married into the Benoit, Hébert, Levron, and Morvant families.  All four of his sons created their own families on the bayou.  They and their sons settled on the middle Lafourche around present-day Thibodaux.  Two of Jean Hilaire's grandsons married first cousins.  Some of his descendants moved on to the Bayou Teche valley after the War of 1861-65, but most of them remained on Bayou Lafourche. 

Oldest son Jean-Hilaire, fils, called Hilaire, born at Assumption in April 1803, married Marie Florine, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel Archange Bernard and Justine Arceneaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in September 1826.  Their son Jean Hilaire III, also called Hilaire, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1827; Georges Edmondville in April 1829; and Trasimond Dumini in August 1839.  Their daughters married into the Guillot family.  Hilaire's three sons also created their own families on Bayou Lafourche. 

Oldest son Jean Hilaire III married Marie Aglae, called Aglae, daughter of fellow Acadians Marcellin Breaux and Azélie Dugas, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 1850.  Their son Cordeluis Hilaire was born in Lafourche Parish in November 1856, Jean Beauregard in July 1861, Émile in c1863 but died at age 3 in May 1866, Simplice Césaire Camille was born in March 1866, and Émile Julien was born in May 1867.  

Hilaire's second son Georges Edmonville married Marie Roseline, daughter of fellow Acadian Olivier Guillot and his Creole wife Anne Marguerite Oncale, at the Thibodaux church in June 1849.  Their son Joseph Glalsey was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1850, Maurice Théophile in September 1852, Georges Dosilien in July 1859, Jean Trasimond in January 1862, Liber Cleodomi in March 1867, and Joseph Alphonse in February 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, Georges Edmondville served as a lieutenant in the Lafourche Parish Regiment of Militia.  

Hilaire's third and youngest son Trasimond Dumini married Odile, another daughter of Marcellin Breaux and Azélie Dugas, at the Thibodaux church in April 1864.  Their son Grégoire Alcée was born in Lafourche Parish in September 1866, Joseph Alfred in June 1868, and Alphonse in October 1870.  

Jean-Hilaire's second son Paul Valéry, called Valéry, born in Assumption Parish in March 1811, married Delphine, another daughter of Michel Archange Bernard and Justine Arceneaux, at the Thibodauxville church in February 1835.  Their son Joseph Paul was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1839; Joseph Michel in August 1840 but died at age 12 in July 1852; Onésiphore Ulysse was born in September 1842; Odesoe in April 1846; Michel Oleus or Élisée, called Élisée, in December 1848; and Louis Joseph in September 1853.  Their daughter married into the Tauzin family on upper Bayou Teche.  One of Valéry's six sons married by 1870 and, like his sister, moved to the upper Teche after the War of 1861-65. 

Fifth son Élisée married first cousin Eliska, daughter of Eugène Morvant and his Acadian wife Delphine Clément, Élisée's paternal aunt, at the Thibodaux church in April 1867.  Soon after their marriage, Élisée and Eliska moved to upper Bayou Teche.  Their son Edgard was born near Breaux Bridge, St. Martin Parish, in April 1868. 

Jean-Hilaire's third son François Ursin, called Ursin, born in Assumption Parish in December 1812, married Adeline Severine, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Marie Benoit and Marie Élisabeth Darois, at the Thibodauxville church in January 1836.  Their son Jean Arsène, called Arsène, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1839; Arsène or Ursin Ulysse in November 1839; Joseph Marcellin, called Marcellin, in September 1841 but died at age 11 months in August 1842; and Auguste died at age 6 months in December 1843.  Their daughter married a Clément first cousin.  Ursin remarried to Azéma, daughter of Michel Sevin and his Acadian wife Théotiste Hébert, at the Thibodaux church in July 1853.  Their son Émile was born probably in Lafourche Parish in c1854 but died at age 4 in November 1858, Joseph Paul was born in October 1854, Jean Baptiste in September 1856, Joseph Treville Clémile in November 1859, Joseph in January 1862, and Arthur Ulysse in October 1868.  One of Ursin's sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Arsène, by first wife Adeleine Severine Benoit, married Adèle, daughter of  Noël Navarre and his Acadian wife Doralise Naquin, at the Thibodaux church in January 1864.  Their son Anatole Olésime was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1869.   

Jean-Hilaire's fourth and youngest son Charles Joseph or Joseph Charles, called Charles, born probably in Assumption Parish in the 1810s, married Marie Arthémise, called Arthémise, daughter of Nicolas Sevin and his Acadin wife Marie Hébert, at the Thibodauxville church in July 1836.  Their son Charles Joseph Adam, called Joseph, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1838; Auguste Ovile in October 1839; Théophile in August 1843; Paulin in February 1853; Joseph Paul in October 1854; Joachim Émile in February 1855 but died at age 3 in October 1858; Bernard Clesia was born in August 1857; and Joseph Treville Clémile in November 1859.  They also had a son named Alexis or Félix.  Their daughters married into the Morvant and Sevin families.  Four of Charles's eight sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Joseph married Marie Rose, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Boudreaux and Marie Rosalie Hébert, at the Thibodaux church in January 1862.  Their son Joseph Deve was born in Lafourche Parish in October 1862, Davis Anatole in February 1868, and Isidore Cyprien in April 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, Joseph served in the Lafourche Parish Regiment of Militia.  

Charles's second son Auguste married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Guillaume Boudreaux and Françoise Gautreaux, at the Thibodaux church in May 1861.  Their son Oleus Joseph was born near Labadieville, Assumption Parish, in March 1864; Octave Émile in Lafourche Parish in January 1866; Justilien in c1867 but died at age 15 months in March 1869; and Camille Klebert in July 1870.  

Charles's third son Théophile married first cousin Melina, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Clément and Severine Benoit, his uncle and aunt, at the Thibodaux church in January 1864.  Their son Émile Ulysse was born in Lafourche Parish in September 1868.  Théophile remarried to Victorine, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Hébert and Tersile Boudreaux and widow of Pierre Rabbas or Robbas, at the Thibodaux church in February 1870.  

Charles's fourth Alexis married Victorine, daughter of Polinaire Durocher and Mathilde Jolibois, at the Thibodaux church in March 1869.  Their son Marcel Félicien was born in Lafourche Parish in January 1870.  

Clouâtre

Pierre Cloistre dit Clouâtre, a French gunsmith, reached Nova Scotia by 1722, the year he married Marguerite, daughter of André LeBlanc and Marie-Jeanne Dugas of Minas.  They settled at Grand-Pré.  Between 1723 and 1750, Marguerite gave the gunsmith at least eight children, three daughters and five sons, at Minas.  One of their daughter's marriage record calls her a native of "St. Jean, Acadia," so Pierre dit Clouâtre and his family may have lived on French-controlled Île St.-Jean during the 1740s.  Only one of Pierre's sons seems to have married before Le Grand Dérangement:  Third son Dominique married Françoise, daughter of Claude Boudrot, fils and Catherine Hébert, probably at Minas in c1750.  Oldest daughter Marie-Josèphe married into the Hébert family at Grand-Pré in October 1747.  In 1755, the gunsmith and his family could still be found at Minas.  And then Le Grand Dérangement scattered the family to the winds. 

In 1755, the British deported son Dominique and his wife Françoise Boudrot, as well as Pierre and Marguerite's daughter Marie-Josèphe and her husband Pierre Hébert, to Massachusetts.  Colonial officials counted Marie-Josèphe and her family at Newton in 1761.  After the war with Britain finally ended, Dominique and Françoise left Massachusetts and followed dozens of their fellow exile to Canada.  Though now also a British possession, the province was populated largely by fellow French Catholics, many of them Acadian exiles.  So, in a colony nearly as old as Acadia, the siblings and their families began the slow, inexorable process of becoming Canadiennes.  They settled at Trois-Rivières before moving downriver to St.-Philippe-de-Laprairie, across from Montréal.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, these Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and, until the Acadian reunions of the twentieth century, may even have forgotten the others existed. 

Meanwhile, in 1755, the British deported the old gunsmith, his wife Marguerite LeBlanc, and the rest of his family to Maryland.  For over a dozen years, they endured life among British colonists who, despite their colony's Catholic roots, did not care much for the French "papists" who had been thrust upon them.  In July 1763, colonial authorities counted Marguerite LeBlanc, now a widow, at Port Tobacco, Maryland.  With her were sons Louis, Pierre-Sylvain, and Joseph, and daughters Anne and Marthe-Marie.  Son Georges, who had married fellow Acadian Cécile Breau in Maryland, their children Joseph le jeune and Madeleine, and orphan Joseph Breau, also were counted at Port Tobacco that month.  Georges died probably at Port Tobacco sometime between July 1763 and December 1767.  Older brother Louis married fellow Acadian Marguerite Landry in Maryland after July 1763. 

When word reached the Acadians in Maryland that they would be welcome in Louisiana, where many of their relatives had gone, they pooled their meager resources to charter ships that would take them to New Orleans.  The Clouâtres had no close kin in Louisiana, but that was of little consequence.  Certainly life had to be better there than in a British colony where they were treated like pariahs.  The first contingent of Acadians left Maryland in late June 1766, the second in April 1767, but the Clouâtres were not on either of them.  They departed with their widowed mother in the third contingent of exiles from Maryland, which left Port Tobacco for New Orleans in December 1767.

The Clouâtres in Maryland reached New Orleans in February 1768 with the large party from Port Tobacco led by brothers Alexis and Honoré Breau of Pigiguit.  (One of the older Clouâtre sons had married a Breau in Maryland.)  Spanish governor Ulloa forced the party to settle at remote Fort San Luìs de Natchez, across the river from present-day Natchez, Mississippi, but in 1769, after Ulloa's ouster, the Clouâtres moved downriver to San Gabriel d'Iberville and Cabahannocer, where other exiles from Maryland had settled in 1766 and 1767.  A number of Clouâtre lines were started in those settlements, but only two of them endured.  One of the Cabahanoocer lines, that of Joseph le jeune, was especially prolific.  During the early antebellum period, two of Joseph le jeune's cousins moved from their native Iberville Parish on the river to the bayous Lafourche and Terrebonne and established a second center of family settlement.  No Clouâtre family put down roots on the western prairies before the War of 1861-65, though at least two Clouâtre wives may have lived there during the late colonial and early antebellum periods. 

Judging by the number of slaves they heled during the antebellum period, the Clouâtres of St. James and Terrebonne parishes participated only peripherally in the South's plantation economy.  According to the federal census slaves schedules of the late antebellum period, one of the Clouâtres in St. James Parish held five slaves at one time, and his cousins in the Lafourche-Terrebonne valley held none, at least none who appeared on the federal slave schedules in 1850 and 1860. 

According to state and Confederate service records, only two Clouâtres served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65.  Judging by their dates of enlistment, they probably were conscripts.  Both of them survived the war, which was not kind to their home parishes.  Even before Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect in January 1863, Federal commands controlling the lower Mississippi freed the slaves on every farm and plantation their forces could reach.  Meanwhile, Union gunboats shelled and burned dozens of houses along the river.  Successive Federal incursions devastated the Lafourche and Terrebonne valley, and Confederate foragers also plagued the area when the Federals were not around.  ...

The family's name also is spelled Chiadtre, Cloac, Cloat, Cloate, Cloatre, Cloeta, Cloistre, Clouac, Clouain, Clouard, Clouatte, Clouet, Colaitre, Collaitre, Colloite, Collouer, Collouette, Colluete, Coloitre, Colonot, Colouet, Colwat, Couatre, Coulaitre.03

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With perhaps one exception, the Clouâtres of Minas--seven of them--came to Louisiana from Maryland in 1768.  With them came Marguerite LeBlanc, their mother and grandmother, who was age 62 when she reached the colony.  She never remarried.  She died at San Gabriel on the Upper Acadian Coast in April 1782, in his late 70s.  Three of her sons and two of her grandsons created families of their own on the Acadian Coast, but not all of the lines endured.  During the early antebellum period, two of Marguerite's grandsons established a second center of family settlement in the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley: 

Louis (1724-?) Clouâtre

Louis, eldest son of Pierre Cloitre dit Clouâtre and Marguerite LeBlanc, born at Grand-Pré in August 1724, was deported to Maryland with his parents and siblings in the fall of 1755.  He was counted with his widowed mother at Port Tobacco, Maryland, in July 1763, when he would have been in his late 30s.  The colonial census mentioned no wife, so he must have married after July 1763, in his 40s.  He may have come to Louisiana with the Breau party from Port Tobacco in 1768 (his widowed mother and four of his siblings were in that party). If so, he followed them to Fort San Luìs de Natchez that spring and then to downriver to San Gabriel in 1769.  He married fellow Acadian Marguerite Landry probably at San Gabriel.  Evidently they had no sons, but two of their daughters, Marie-Anne and Marguerite, born probably at San Gabriel, married into the Flore, Morales, Prosper, Schlatre, and Suire families, so the blood of this line of the family endured.  After her remarriage at San Gabriel in May 1802, Louis's daughter Marguerite followed her new husband, François Suire, to the Opelousas District, where she died in April 1803, perhaps from complications of childbirth.  Louis's daughter Marie-Anne remained on the river. 

Pierre-Sylvain (1740-1798) Clouâtre

Pierre-Sylvain, fourth son of Pierre Cloitre dit Clouâtre and Marguerite LeBlanc, born at Grand-Pré in March 1740, was deported to Maryland with his parents and siblings in the fall of 1755 and counted with his widowed mother at Port Tobacco, Maryland, in July 1763.  With his widowed mother and siblings, he came to Louisiana with the Breau party from Port Tobacco in 1768 and followed them to Fort San Luìs de Natchez that spring.  In 1769, he followed them downriver to San Gabriel, where he married Marie-Madeleine, called Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Boudreaux and Madeleine Hébert and widow of Joseph Landry, in the 1770s.  He and his wife were counted on the "left bank ascending" at St.-Gabriel in 1777.  Pierre died at San Gabriel in May 1798.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre was age 60 when he died, but he was 58.  His daughter married into the Blanchard and Dupuis families.  He and his wife had no sons, so this family line, except for its blood, did not survive in the Bayou State.  

Joseph (c1750-?) Clouâtre

Joseph, fifth and youngest son of Pierre Cloitre dit Clouâtre and Marguerite LeBlanc, born at Grand-Pré in c1750, was deported to Maryland along with his parents and siblings in the fall of 1755 and counted with his widowed mother at Port Tobacco, Maryland, in July 1763.  With his widowed mother and siblings, he came to Louisiana with the Breau party from Port Tobacco in 1768 followed them to Fort San Luis de Natchez that spring.  In 1769, he followed them downriver to San Gabriel, where he married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Dominique Babin and Marguerite Boudreau, in June 1780, and remarried to Élisabeth-Marie or Marie-Élisabeth, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Thibodeau and his second wife Élisabeth Boudreau, at San Gabriel in February 1787.  All of his children were by his second wife.  Their daughters married into the Babin Bergeron, and Pitre families.  In the late 1810s, Joseph's oldest son established a new center of family settlement on Bayou Lafourche.  Joseph's other married son and his daughters followed, some of them moving down the valley to Bayou Terrebonne.  

Oldest son Joseph, fils, by second wife Élisabeth-Marie Thibodeaux, born at San Gabriel in December 1789, married Marie Henriette, called Henriette, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Molaison and Marie Gautreaux of Lafourche, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1818.  They settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Their daughters married into the Dantin, Gaspard, Gautreaux, and Laperouse families.  Two of Joseph, fils's four sons created their own families in Terrebonne Parish by 1870. 

Oldest son Joseph III, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1832, married, at age 33, Philomène, daughter of Zedeon Calahan and his Acadian wife Cléonice Boudreaux, at the Chacahoula church, Terrebonne Parish, in July 1865.  Their son Ferdinand Joseph was born near Chacahoula in February 1869. 

Joseph, fils's second son Joseph Viléon, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1834, if he survived childhood did not marry before 1870.  

Joseph, fils's third son Joseph Claiborne, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1836, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1851, age 15.    

Joseph, fils's son Pierre, perhaps the fourth and youngest, married Tarsile, daughter of fellow Acadians Hippolyte Pitre and Rosalie Naquin, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in December 1858.  

Joseph, père's second son Louis le jeune, by second wife Élisabeth-Marie Thibodeaux, born at San Gabriel in January 1798, was living in Terrebonne Parish when he married Marguerite Elmire, daughter of Pierre Victor Chatagnier and his Acadian wife Marie Modeste Hamon of Terrebonne Parish, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1837.  They also settled in Terrebonne Parish.  Their daughter married into the Echete family.  None of their three sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Louis Amédée, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in January 1840, if he survived childhood did not marry before 1870.  

Louis le jeune's second son Émile Marcel, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in June 1841, if he survived childhood did not marry before 1870.  

Louis le jeune's third and youngest son Marcellin Jackson, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in August 1844, if he survived childhood did not marry before 1870.  

Joseph, père's third and youngest son Pierre Treville, by second wife Élisabeth-Marie Thibodeaux, born at St. Gabriel in October 1804, probably died young.  

Joseph le jeune (c1760-1841) à Pierre Cloitre dit Clouâtre

Joseph le jeune, older son of Georges Clouâtre and Cécile Breau and nephew of Louis et al., was born in Maryland in c1760.  He was counted with his parents at Port Tobacco in July 1763.  With his mother, now a widow, two siblings, and other Clouâtre kin, he came to Louisiana with the Breau party from Port Tobacco in 1768 and followed them to Fort San Luìs de Natchez that spring.  Meanwhile, his mother remarried to fellow Acadian Charles Gaudet at Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans in May 1768.  In 1769, Joseph followed his stepfather and his mother back downriver to Cabahannocer, where he married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Poirier and Marie-Madeleine Richard, in c1785.  Their daughters married into the Breaux and Melançon families.  Joseph remarried to Félicité, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Louvière and Isabelle Melançon, at Cabahannocer in February 1801.  Joseph died in St. James Parish in February 1841.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 87 when he died, but he probably was in his early 80s.  Only half of his six sons by both wives created families of their own.  Like their father, they remained in St. James Parish.  One grandson moved upriver to Pointe Coupee Parish, but the others remained in St. James.  .

Oldest son Joseph, fils, by first wife Marie Poirier, born at Cabahannocer in October 1786, probably died young.  

Joseph le jeune's second son Olidon, by first wife Marie Poirier, born at Cabahannocer in May 1789, probably died young.  

Joseph le jeune's third son Michel, by first wife Marie Poirier, born at Cabahannocer in August 1791, married Marcellite, also called Manette, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Bourgeois and Scholastique Arceneaux, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in May 1815.  Michel died near Convent, St. James Parish, in August 1834.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Michel was age 45 when he died, but he was 43.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 28 to 2--on Wdw Mel Cloitre's farm in the parish's eastern district; this was Michel's widow, Marcellite Bourgeois.  Michel's daughters married into the Dugas and Rome families.  Only one of his six sons created a family of his own, in St. James Parish.

His oldest son, name unrecorded, died in St. James Parish at birth in February 1816.

Michel's second son Michel, fils, born in St. James Parish February 1817, may have died young.

Michel, père's third son Félix, born in St. James Parish in September 1821, died near Convent, St. James Parish, in May 1849, age 27.  He probably did not marry.  

Michel, père's fourth son Edward, born in St. James Parish in April 1824, also may have died young. 

Michel, père's fifth son Drosin Clément, called Clément, was born in Ascension Parish in April 1826.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 9-year-old mulatto male--on Drauzin Cloitre's farm in the parish's eastern district.  Drosin Clément married Céline Odile, daughter of Foreign Frenchman Pierre Désiré Letulle and his Acadian wife Amelie Boudreaux, at the Convent church in November 1851.  Their son Joseph Eugène was born near Convent in July 1853, and Félix le jeune in March 1855.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish again counted a single slave--this time a 13-year-old black female--on Clément Clouatre's farm in the parish's Fourth District on the river's Left Bank.  Clément died near Convent in October 1868.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Clément died at "age ca. 35 years"; he was 42.  His wife gave birth to a daughter only four months before his death.  

Michel, père's sixth and youngest son Clairville, born posthumously near Convent, St. James Parish, in August 1834, died at age 5 in October 1839. 

Joseph le jeune's fourth son Georges-Jérôme, called Jérôme, from first wife Marie Poirier, born at Cabahannocer in November 1799, married Émelite, called Melite, another daughter of Amand Bourgeois and Scholastique Arceneaux, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in January 1818.  Jérôme died near Convent, St. James Parish, in November 1847.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Jérôme was age 50 when he died, but he was 48.  In June 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted two slaves--a 27-year-old black female and a 1-year-old mulatto female--on Widlow Jérôme Clouatre's farm in the parish's Fourth District on the river's Left Bank; these probably were Jérôme's widow, Émelite Bourgeois's, slaves.  His daughters married into the Berthelot and Bourgeois families.  Four of his five sons created their own families in St. James, Ascension, and Pointe Coupee parishes. 

Oldest son Jérôme, fils was born in St. James Parish in October 1818.  Called Evariste by the recording priest, it may have been Jérôme, fils who married Clara Marguerite or Marguerite Clara Chutz probably in Pointe Coupee Parish in the late 1840s or early 1850s.  Their son Jérôme III was born in Pointe Coupee Parish in February 1855, and Jean Uranus in January 1862.  During the War of 1861-65, Evariste may have served in Company F of the 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in West Baton Rouge Parish, which fought in Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee.  

Jérôme, père's second son Joseph le jeune, born in St. James Parish in November 1819, married Marie Ezilda, called Ezilda, daughter of Nicolas Rome and Eurasie Webre, at the Convent church in January 1849.  Their son Léon Joseph was born near Convent in July 1851.  Their daughter married into the Duhon family.  Joseph le jeune remarried to Virginie Berthelot, widow of Émile Favrange, at the Convent church in February 1860. 

Jérôme, père's third son Sylvain, called Sylvanie, born in St. James Parish in January 1822, married cousin Marie Scholastique, called Colastie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Estival Bourgeois and his Creole wife Véronique Keller, at the Convent church in January 1849, the day after his older brother Joseph le jeune married in the same church; Sylvain and his wife had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Joseph Sylvain was born near Convent in December 1849, Florian in September 1851 but died at age 20 months in June 1853, Joseph le jeune was born in February 185[4] but died at age 6 months the following August, and Adam Fulgence was born in September 1863.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted two slaves--a 40-year-old black female and a 14-year-old black female--on Sylvanie Clouâtre's farm in the parish's Fourth District on the river's Left Bank.  

Jérôme, père's fourth son George Livingston, born in St. James Parish in 1830, if he survived childhood did not marry before 1870. 

Jérôme, père's fifth and youngest son Amand Théogène, called Théogène, baptized at the Convent church, St. James Parish, age 10 months, 25 days, in June 1835, married Marie Anne Victorine, called Victorine, daughter of Louis Isidore or Isidore Victor Letulle and Berthilde Legendre, at the Convent church in January 1857.  Their son Louis Jérôme was born near Convent in March 1858, and Arthur Stanislas in March 1866.  During the War of 1861-65, Amand Théogène served in the 5th Battery Louisiana Artillery, also called the Pelican Artillery, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  He remarried to Eugénie Lucenty at the Donalsonville church, Ascension Parish, in January 1870. 

Joseph le jeune's fifth son Joseph Marcellin, called Marcellin, from second wife Félicité Louvière, born in St. James Parish in September 1808, married Philomène Gilchrist, sometimes Gilbert, a native of Alabama, in either Alabama or St. James Parish in the late 1830s or early 1840s.  One of his sons married by 1870. 

Older son Pierre Adam, called Adam, born in St. James Parish in January 1844, died there the following May. 

Marcellin's younger son Joseph Elphége, called Elphége, born in St. James Parish in September 1846,  married Ernestine Fourroux in St. John the Baptist Parish and settled at Lucy and Edgard. 

Joseph le jeune's sixth and youngest son Joseph Drosin, by second wife Félicité Louvière, born in St. James Parish in January 1812, may have died young.  

Charles (c1765-1802) à Pierre Cloitre dit Clouâtre

Charles, younger son of Georges Clouâtre and Cécile Breau, was born in Maryland in c1765.  With his mother, now a widow, two siblings, and other Clouâtre kin, he came to Louisiana with the Breau party from Port Tobacco in 1768 and followed them to Fort San Luìs de Natchez that spring.  In 1769, Charles followed his stepfather Charles Gaudet and his mother dowriver to Cabahannocer, where he married Marianne, also called Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Arceneaux and Judith Bergeron, in January 1786.  Charles died at Cabahannocer in January 1802.  The St.-Jacques parish priest who recorded his burial said that Charles was age 45 when he died, but he was closer to 37.  His daughters married into the Frederick, Hakle, and Selvis families.  His only son never married, so this line of the family, except for its blood, died with him.  A daughter, Marie-Marin, wife of Charles Frederick of Sweden, followed her husband to the western prairies. 

Only son Bélisaire, born probably at Cabahannocer in c1801, died near Convent, St. James Parish, in August 1831, age 30.  He evidently did not marry.  

Comeaux

Pierre Comeau, a cooper, born in France in c1598, came to Acadia with Isaac Razilly and the sieur d'Aulnay in 1632.  He was, therefore, along with Germain Doucet, one of the first permanent settlers in the colony.  Pierre Comeau worked his trade at La Hève, Isaac de Razilly's headquarters, before moving to Port-Royal, where, at age 51, he married Rose Bayon in c1649.  Rose, who was age 18 at the time of their marriage, may have come to Acadia with her father in 1636 aboard the St.-Jehan, the ship that brought the first French families to the colony.  Between 1652 and 1665, Rose and Pierre nine children, six sons and three daughters.  Their daughters married into the Gaudet, Hébert, and Rivet families.  Five of Pierre's six sons, all born at Port-Royal, married into the Lefebvre, Landry, Bourg, Hébert, Joseph dit Lejeune, Bourgeois, and Babin families.  Pierre was counted at Port-Royal in 1686, age 88.  The date of his death has been lost to history.  By 1755, descendants of Pierre Comeau the cooper could be found at Grand-Pré, Rivière-aux-Canards, and Pigiguit in the Minas Basin; at Chepoudy and Petitcoudiac in the trois-rivières area west of Chignecto; and in the French Maritime islands on Île St.-Jean and on Île Madame off the southern coast of Île Royale.  Most of them, however, were still living at the family's home base at Annapolis Royal.  Some of them also had resettled in Canada before Le Grand Dérangement

Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered this large family even farther.  The Acadians in the Chignecto area, including Chepoudy and Petitcoudiac in the trois-rivières, were the first victims of the British roundup of the so-called French Neutrals in the fall of 1755.  One Comeau family was rounded up and transported to South Carolina, where colonial officials counted them in August 1763.  Some of the Comeaus at Chepoudy escaped the British roundup and took refuge at Shediac, Richibouctou, Miramichi, and Restigouche on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore. 

Later that fall, the British shipped the Acadians in the Minas Basin to Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Massachusetts, and Connecticut.  One family from Pigiguit ended up in Massachusetts, where they were mentioned in "an acct of Sundrys provided by the Select men of Medfield for the Support of twelve of the Late Inhabitance of Noveschoca, which were ordered to the Town of Medfield from November 10th (1756) to the first day of June 1757."  The report stated that "Stephen Commour an old Man a Eighty two years old [was] unfit for any Buisness" and that "Elisaby Commour his wife seventy four years old [was] Capeable of but Little Buisness ...."  A similar evaluation was made of "Achan Commo age 83" and "Elisabeth Commo age 72" early the following year.  On 21 June 1758, the frugal Yankees of Medfield noted in "the account of what was Expended towards the maintanence of the French Neutrals formerly Inhabitance of Noveschoscha ordered to Medfield by authority from the Sixth day of January to this Date" that "For 12 weeks Bording an old French man Nursing and other expenses in his Last Sickness & Fenural" the town incurred "Charges L2-14s-2d."  The "old French man" no doubt was Étienne, grandson of the family's progenitor.  

Comeaus shipped to Virginia endured a fate worse than most of the other refugees deported from Minas.  In mid-November 1755, when five transports appeared unexpectedly at Hampton Roads, Virginia's governor Robert Dinwiddie protested the deportation of so many "Neutral French" to his colony without his consent.  Many of the exiles died on the filthy, crowded ships anchored in Hampton Roads while the Virginia authorities pondered their fate.  Acadians from one vessel were moved up to Richmond, two of the vessels were unloaded at Hampton, and two more at Norfolk.  A hand full of young Acadians managed to slip away and trek overland through fields and forests and over the mountains, to French territory, but most of the exiles remained in Virginia.  Finally, in the spring of 1756, Virginia's House of Burgesses made its decision ... the Acadians must go!  In May, the first shipment of Acadians in hired vessels left for England, and in two weeks all of them had gone--299 to Bristol, 250 to Falmouth, 340 to Southampton, and 336 to Liverpool--1,225 of the original 1,500.  Their ordeal only worsened in the English ports, where they were grossly neglected and treated like common criminals and where hundreds died of smallpox.  By 1763, more than half of them were dead.  In May of that year, after prolonged negotiations between the French and British governments, the Acadians in England, including Comeaus, were repatriated to France.

In late autumn of 1755, the British shipped the Acadians in the Annapolis Basin to Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, and North Carolina.  Many Comeaus were on these vessels, too.  However, the ship heading to North Carolina, the Pembroke, never got there.  Soon after the Pembroke embarked from Goat Island in the lower basin with 232 exiles aboard, the Acadians seized the vessel, sailed it to Baie Ste.-Marie on the western coast of Nova Scotia and then crossed the Bay of Fundy to the lower Rivière St.-Jean, where they abandoned the ship and escaped into the wilds of present-day New Brunswick.  The rest of their Annapolis valley brethren were not so lucky.  After their ships had reached their destinations, the Acadians who ended up in New England and New York eventually were allowed to come ashore and endure the disdain of the English colonists.  Meanwhile, the Comeaus who escaped the British roundup at Annapolis Royal crossed the Bay of Fundy the following winter, found refuge on Rivière St.-Jean and on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore, or endured the long, dangerous trek to the St. Lawrence valley, where their fellow Frenchmen also treated them poorly.  Church records show that Comeaus from Annapolis Royal and Chepoudy were buried at Québec in 1757 and 1758, some of them victims of a smallpox epidemic that struck Acadian exiles in the Québec area that summer, fall, and winter. 

Living in territory controlled by France, the Comeaus in the French Maritimes escaped the British roundup in Nova Scotia in the fall of 1755.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British swooped down on the rest of Île Royale and on nearby Île St.-Jean and deported most of the Acadians there to France.  A Comeau wife made the crossing aboard the British transport Duke William with her husband and two brothers.  They survived the mid-ocean explosion that killed many aboard the vessel, but she died in a hospital at St.-Malo soon after the ship limped into port.  Her brother lived at St.-Malo from 1758 to 1761, and then at nearby Plouër from 1761 to 1764.  In April 1764, he left France aboard the ship Le Fort for the new colony at Cayenne, French Guyanne, in South America.  He does not appear in the census of inhabitants at Sinnamary, Cayenne, in March 1765, so he may have returned to France by then.  The younger brother lived at St.-Malo probably with his brother from 1758 to 1760.  In March 1760, he was at Lorient in Brittany, where he embarked on the corsair Le Travignon, which the Royal Navy soon captured.  He languished in an English prison to the end of the war, returned to St.-Malo in 1763, and was still living there when his older brother shipped out to Cayenne.  In May 1763, Comeaus who had endured the seven years of exile in England were repatriated to France.  Most landed at St.-Malo aboard La Dorothée.  They lived in the teeming St.-Malo suburbs of St.-Servan, Plouër, and St.-Suliac.  Remarkably, no Comeau family from England joined other Acadian exiles on Belle-Île-en-Mer off the southern coast of Brittany, where many of them went in November 1765.  One of the Comeaus from England became a sailor.  In 1770, he embarked on the ship L'Americain but deserted his vessel at a port in French St.-Domingue, where he remained.  Comeaus deported or repatriated to France in 1758 and 1763 ended up in ports other than St.-Malo, including Cherbourg, Bordeaux, and Rochefort. 

Comeau cousins from Pigiguit and Chepoudy ended up in France by a different route.  After escaping the British round up on Île St.-Jean in late 1758, they may have waited out the war somewhere in the Maritimes, perhaps on the French-controlled island of Miquelon off the southern coast of Newfoundland, where they were counted in 1767.  Or, more likely, they escaped from Île St.-Jean to the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore, fell into British hands, became prisoners of war in Nova Scotia, and followed other Acadians from Halifax to Île Miquelon in 1763.  Soon Miquelon and nearby Île St.-Pierre became overcrowded, and French officials insisted the Acadians there be resettled in France.  Comeaus from Île Miquelon ended up at Cherbourg in 1767.  In 1778, during the American Revolution, the British deported Acadians, including Comeaus, from Île Miquelon to La Rochelle, France.  One of them returned to the island in 1783, but others remained in the mother country. 

In the early 1770s, Comeaus, with other Acadian exiles languishing in the coastal cities, ventured to the Poitou region as part of a settlement scheme that lured hundreds of other Acadians to marginal land owned by an influential French nobleman near the city of Châtellerault.  When the venture collapsed in 1775, they retreated with other Poitou Acadians to the port city of Nantes, where they survived on government handouts and what work they could find there.  In the early 1780s, when the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a better life in faraway Louisiana, many of the Comeaus agreed to take it.  Some did not.  The Comeaus at Bordeaux, along with other members of the family, chose to remain in France.  

In North America, Comeaus who had endured exile in New England and New York made their way up to Canada to join their kinsmen already there.  Though now also a British possession, the northern province was populated largely by fellow French Catholics, many of them Acadian exiles.  So, in a colony nearly as old as Acadia, descendants of Pierre Comeau the cooper began the slow, inexorable process of becoming Canadiennes.  Especially after 1766, Comeaus settled on the upper St. Lawrence at Bécancour, Nicolet, St.-Grégoire, L'Acadie, Trois-Rivières, Gentilly, La Prairie, St.-Jacques de l'Achigan, St.-Pierre-de-la-Becquets, Pointe-du-Lac, and Yamachiche; at St.-Denis, St.-Ours, and Chambly on the Richelieu; and on the lower St. Lawrence at Berthier, St.-Charles-de-Bellechasse, St.-Roch-des-Aulnaies, and Montmagny.  Many Comeaus were determined to live as closely as they could to their old homes in greater Acadia.  They settled on the southern Gaspé Peninsula at Carleton, and at Pointe-de-l'Est on the remote Îles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, both part of present-day Québec Province; at Caraquet in present-day northeastern New Brunswick; on the St. John River; at Nipisiguit, now Bathurst, and at nearby Petit-Rocher on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore; and at Memramcook in the trois-rivières area west of Chignecto.  Comeaus also returned to Île Miquelon and even to Nova Scotia, where they settled at Yarmouth and Chédabouctou, now Guysborough, on the Atlantic shore; and at Windsor, formerly Pigiguit, on the Fundy side, before moving on to Baie Ste.-Marie on the west coast of the peninsula, a few dozen miles southwest of their old homes in the Annapolis Basin.  One of the towns on the mainland shore of St. Mary Bay was founded by Jean-Baptiste Comeau of Chepoudy and is still called Comeauville.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, these Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and, until the Acadian reunions of the twentieth century, may even have forgotten the others existed. 

After the war with Britain ended and the sea lanes were clear again, some of the Comeaus who had been exiled in the seaboard colonies chose to go to the French Antilles.  In 1763, French officials lured Acadian exiles in the British colonies to French St.-Dominique, today's Haiti, to work on a huge naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas.  Although driven from North America by the Seven Years' War, the French were determined to hang on to what was left of their shrinking empire.  The new naval base on the north shore of the big sugar island would protect the approaches to their remaining possessions in the Caribbean Basin.  The Acadians provided a ready source of cheap labor.  The French promised them land of their own if they came to St.-Domingue.  A Comeau couple from Connecticut were among the takers.  Their marriage was blessed at Le Mirebalais, St.-Domingue, in September 1764, but they did not remain.  Later in the decade, or perhaps in the early 1770s, they joined their cousins in Spanish Louisiana.  Comeaus also ended up on other islands in the French Antilles, including Martinique and Guadaloupe.  Some of the Comeaus on Martinique also joined their kinsmen in Spanish Louisiana.

The Comeaus held in Nova Scotia faced a hard dilemma.  The Treaty of Paris of February 1763 stipulated in its Article 14 that persons dispersed by the war had 18 months to return to their respective territories.  However, British authorities refused to allow any of the Acadian prisoners in the region to return to their former lands as proprietors.  If Acadians chose to remain in, or return to, Nova Scotia, they could live only in small family groups in previous unsettled areas or work for low wages on former Acadian lands now owned by New England "planters."  If they stayed, they must also take the hated oath of allegiance to the new British king, George III, without reservation.  They would also have to take the oath if they joined their cousins in Canada.  After all they had suffered on the question of the oath, few self-respecting Acadians would consent to take it if it could be avoided.  Some Halifax exiles, including Comeaus, chose to relocate to Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  Others considered going to French St.-Domingue, where Acadian exiles in the British colonies already had gone, or to the Illinois country, the west bank of which still belonged to France, or to French Louisiana, which, thanks to British control of Canada, was the only route possible to the Illinois country for Acadian exiles.  Whatever their choice, they refused to remain in L'Acadie.  So they gathered up their money and their few possessions and prepared to leave their homeland.  Of the 600 Acadians who left Halifax in late 1764 bound for Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, nine were Comeaus. 

Meanwhile, the Comeaus in Maryland endured life among English colonists who, despite their colony's Catholic roots, did not care much for the French "papists" who had been thrust upon them.  In the late 1760s, word reached the Acadians in Maryland that they would be welcome in Louisiana, where many of their relatives had just settled, including Comeaus.  So they pooled their meager resources to charter ships that would take them to New Orleans.  No Comeaus were part of the first contingent of exiles that left Maryland in late June 1766, but they were part of the second and third contingents that departed Baltimore and Port Tobacco in April and December 1767.

Comeaus were among the first families of Acadia and among the earliest Acadians to find refuge in Louisiana.  Arriving in the colony in ripples and waves over a 20-year period, they came from Halifax in 1765, Maryland in 1767 and 1768, St.-Domingue and Martinique in the late 1760s, and from France in 1785--54 of them in all.  The first of them--a family of four from Chepoudy via Halifax--came to the colony in February 1765 with the Broussards.  They followed the Broussards to lower Bayou Teche and survived the epidemic that killed dozens of their fellow Teche Acadians that summer and fall.  A year or so later, they settled at Carencro at the northern edge of the Attakapas District.  Also coming to Louisiana from Halifax in 1765, two more Comeau families headed by cousins settled near present-day Opelousas.  They, too, remained on the western prairies, where their family lines thrived.  By the early antebellum period, most of the Opelousas Comeauxs had moved south to Attakapas, settling at Côte Gelée near present-day Youngsville, near Abbeville on the lower Vermilion, and near their cousins at Carencro.  The few Comeauxs who remained in the Opelousas country settled near Grand Coteau north of Carencro, at Church Point on upper Bayou Plaquemine Brûlé in present-day Acadia Parish, and out on the prairie near Ville Platte in present-day Evangeline Parish.  Comeauxs also settled on upper Bayou Teche near Breaux Bridge, near New Iberia farther down the Teche, and far down the bayou in St. Mary Parish.

Meanwhile, Comeaus from Halifax, Maryland, France, and even the Caribbean Basin, established lines along the Mississippi River above New Orleans on what became known as the Acadian Coast.  in 1765, two Comeau wives arrived with their families from Halifax via St.-Domingue and settled at Cabahannocer, present-day St. James Parish.  A few years later, in 1767 and 1768, two Comeau families, one led by a widower, the other by a widow, came to Louisiana from exile in Maryland and went to San Gabriel d'Iberville and San Luìs de Natchez on the river above Cabhannocer.  In 1769, the Natchez family moved to San Gabriel to join their cousins there.  One of the San Gabriel settlers had 11 sons, 10 by his second wife, adding substantially to the number of Comeaus on the river.  Sometime in the late 1760s, a Comeau family reached the colony directly from French St.-Domingue and settled at Cabahannocer.  Two more Comeau males, one of them a widower, came to the colony in the late 1760s, married, and settled at Cabahannocer, but from whence they came is anyone's guess. 

The largest contingent of Comeaus to reach Louisiana--30 individuals and half a dozen families--came from France on six of the Seven Ships of 1785.  One Comeau wife went to the Attakapas District and another to Opelousas, but most of the 1785 arrivals settled on the river at Baton Rouge and along Bayou des Écores north of Baton Rouge.  Surprisingly, this influx of new families added only marginally to the number of Comeauxs on the river.  During the antebellum period, Comeauxs were living at Baton Rouge, across the river in West Baton Rouge Parish, on both sides of the river in Iberville Parish, and farther downriver in Ascension and St. James parishes on what came to be called the Acadian Coast.  They were especially numerous around St. Gabriel, on the east bank of the river in Iberville Parish. 

Many of the Comeaus from France chose to go to upper Bayou Lafourche, where a cousin from the river had settled in the 1780s.  After the Acadians abandoned the Bayou des Écores settlement in the early 1790s, most of them, including Comeauxs, relocated to upper Bayou Lafourche, adding substantially to this third center of family settlement that eventually stretched all the way down into the Terrebonne country.  Few Comeauxs, however, lived in what became Lafourche Parish, at least before the War of 1861-65.  During the late antebellum period, one family from the upper bayou settled near Pierre Part on the north shore of Lake Verret. 

Beginning in the late 1820s, four Comeaux brothers from Assumption Parish moved to lower Bayou Teche, where one of them became a major sugar planter in St. Mary Parish.  Two of the brothers and a nephew returned to Assumption Parish during the late antebellum period, but the others remained on the lower Teche.  By the end of the antebellum period, there were as many Comeauxs on the western prairies as along the river, with the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley cousins adding substantially to the eastern branch of the family.  The western Comeauxs had come from Chepoudy, the eastern Comeauxs from Minas and Port-Royal.  Although they all were descendants of the same Acadian progenitor, there seems to have been little interaction between the two branches of the family, such was the physical barrier imposed by the Atchafalaya Basin.

Judging by the number of slaves they held during the late antebellum period, some Comeauxs lived comfortably on their vacharies, farms, and plantations across South Louisiana.  By far the largest slave holder in the family was sugar planter Antoine Comeaux of the western district of St. Mary Parish, who held 34 slaves in 1850, and who more than doubled that number, to 77, by the summer of 1860.  In 1850, a Comeaux cousin in Assumption Parish owned 17 slaves; a decade later, he held 43 slaves on his plantation along upper Bayou Lafourche.  His older brother held 13 slaves on his farm in Assumption Parish in 1850; a decade later, the brother's widow still owned 14 slaves.  Along the river, a Comeaux's widow held 10 slaves on her farm in Iberville Parish in 1860.  In nearby East Baton Rouge Parish, another Comeaux owned eight slaves that year.  Family slave holdings on the southwestern prairies tended to be a bit smaller.  A Comeaux in Lafayette Parish owned six slaves in 1850 and nine a decade later.  Another Comeaux of the same parish owned seven slaves in 1860.  Up in St. Landry Parish, a Comeaux cousin held half a dozen slaves in 1850 and the same number in 1860.  The great majority of their kinsmen, however, on the river, along the Lafourche, and west of the Atchafalaya Basin, owned only a few slaves or no slaves at all, at least none who appeared on the federal slave schedules of 1850 and 1860. 

As befitting the size of the family, dozens of Comeauxs served Louisiana and the Southern Confederacy in uniform during the War of 1861-65. ...

In Louisiana, the family's name picked up an "x" and became Comeaux, pronounced with the emphasis on the first syllable--KOH-mo.  Up in Canada, however, it is still spelled Comeau and pronounced with the emphasis on the second syllable--kuh-MOH.  In Louisiana, the family's name also is spelled Caumau, Caumaux, Caumeau, Caumeaux, Caumo, Caumon, Caumot, Comand, Comau, Comaud, Comaut, Comaux, Commau, Commaud, Commault, Commaux, Commeau, Commeaux, Commo, Commot, Como, Comon, Comont, Comot, Comu, Coumeau, Coummeau.04

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Three Comeaus--a father and two sons--came to Louisiana with the Broussards in February 1765.  They followed the Broussards to lower Bayou Teche and remained on the western prairies: 

Victor (c1740-1760s) à Abraham à Pierre l'aîné dit L'Esturgeon à Pierre Comeau

Victor, second son of Jean Comeau le jeune and Brigitte Savoie, born probably at Chepoudy in c1740, evidently escaped the British roundup in the trois-rivières area in 1755 and sought refuge with his family on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  By the early 1760s, however, he was a prisoner at Halifax.  He married Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Michel and Jeanne Breau and widow of Michel Brun, probably at Halifax in the early 1760s.  They followed the Broussards from Halifax to the lower Mississippi valley via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, in late 1764.  Their younger son was born at Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, on the voyage down.  They reached New Orleans with the Broussards in February 1765.  Victor was one of the Acadians in the party who attempted to exchange Canadian card money for Louisiana currency at New Orleans in late April.  He and his family then followed the Broussards to the Attakapas District, where they helped establish La Nouvelle-Acadie on the banks of lower Bayou Teche.  They had no more children in Louisiana.  Victor died at Attakapas in the late 1760s, in his late 20s.  In April 1771, soon after his death, Anne remarried again--her third marriage--to widower Joseph Cormier of Chignecto and Prairie Bellevue in the Opelousas District.  Her older son by Victor Comeau died young, but her younger Comeaux son settled at Carencro on the northern edge of the Attakapas District.  Though he had only one son of his own, that son created a vigorous line at Carencro. 

Older son Thomas, born probably at Halifax in c1763, was age 14 in May 1777 when he was counted with his mother and stepfather Joseph Cormier at Opelousas.  Thomas did not marry.  

Victor's younger son Jean, born at Cap-Français probably in January 1765, followed his parents to the lower Teche that spring and his widowed mother to the Opelousas District in the early 1770s.  Jean married Esther, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon LeBlanc and his second wife Marguerite Guilbeau, at Attakapas in January 1786.  They settled at Carencro, near the boundary between the Opelousas and Attakapas districts, just south of where Jean had been raised on Prairie Bellevue.  Jean died in Lafayette Parish in February 1828.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Jean was age 68 when he died, but he was closer to 63.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse later that month; in March.  His heirs petitioned the court to emancipate "a faithful slave, Jacques."  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted two slaves--a 46-year-old black female, and a 19-year-old black male--on Mrs. John Comaux's farm between Marie Coralie Comaux and "Mrs." Julien Comaux.  Jean daughters married into the Babineaux and Savoie families.  His son's line was a vigorous one. 

Only son Julien, born probably at Carencro in August 1793, married Marie Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Athanase Breaux and Marie Catherine Arceneaux, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in June 1817.  They settled at Carencro.  Their son François Hippolyte, called Hippolyte, Polyte, and also Jean Hippolyte, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age unrecorded, in February 1823; Jean Homere or Omer, called Omer, at age 3 months in April 1827 but died at age 8 in August 1835; Joseph Osémé, called Osémé, was born in January 1829; Athanase in May 1833; Pierre Edvin, Edwin, or Televin was baptized at age 6 months in November 1835; Alexis Hippolyte at age 2 months in October 1837; and Eusèbe was born in c1839.  Their daughters married into the Mouton and Sonnier families.  Julien remarried to Arthémise Caruthers, also Credeur, probably at Carencro in the late 1840s.  Their daughter married into the Hébert family.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted seven slaves--three males and four females, all black, ranging in age from 16 years to 10 months--on "Mrs." Julien Comaux's farm next to Mrs. John Comaux.  Julien, a widower again, died probably at Carencro in July 1864, age 17.  Five of his seven sons created their own families on the prairies by 1870. 

Oldest son Hippolyte, by first wife Marie Catherine Arceneaux, married Esselle or Estelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Benoit and Anastasie Babineaux, at the Vermilionville church in July 1841.  They settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Hippolyte, fils was born in August 1846; Rosémond in August 1848; Julien le jeune in February 1850; and Jean in June 1862 but died at age 3 1/2 in March 1866.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted three slaves--a 23-year-old black female, a 3-year-old black male, and a 1-year-old mulatto male, living in a single house--on Hypolite Comaux's farm next to P. Edvin Comaux.  Two of Hippolyte's older sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Hippolyte, fils married Onésima, daughter of fellow Acadian Onésime Richard and his Anglo Creole wife Marguerite Arthémise Credeur, at the Vermilionville church in January 1867, and remarried to Eveline, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexis Blanchard and Marguerite Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in July 1869.

Hippolyte, père's second son Rosémond married Céleste Adolice, Adolie, or Adalie, daughter of French Canadian Louis Roger le jeune and his Acadian wife Marie Azélima Prejean, at the Vermilionville church in January 1870.  Their son Louis Steve had been born in Lafayette Parish in October 1869. 

Julien's third son Oséme, by first wife Marie Catherine Arceneaux, married cousin Marie Odoisea, Adoiska, Adoliska, Ladaiska, Lodaiska, or Lodovisca, daughter of fellow Acadians Symphorien Prejean and Eugènie Breaux, at the Vermilionville church in April 1849.  They settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Omer was born in January 1852; Jean Alphée, called Alphée, in June 1856 but died at age 2 1/2 in February 1859; Dominique G. was born in August 1858; and Symphorien in January 1861 but died at age 9 1/2 in August 1870.  Osémé died probably at Carencro in December 1865, age 36.  One wonders if his death was war-related.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in July 1866.  His daughter Zemea was born in January 1866, a month after his death.  His daughters married into the Breaux and Hernandez families.  Evidently neither of his two surviving sons married by 1870. 

Julien's fourth son Athanase, by first wife Marie Catherine Arceneaux, married Louisa or Louise, daughter of fellow Acadians Caliste LeBlanc and Marguerite Eurasie Bernard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1854.  They settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Jean Athanase was born in November 1854 but died at age 10 months in October 1855, Joseph Bernard was born in August 1856 but died at age 3 1/2 in May 1860, Aurelien was born in February 1863, and Caliste Ozémé in January 1868. 

Julien's fifth son Pierre Edwin, by first wife Marie Catherine Arceneaux, married Anatalie or Nathalie, another daughter of Onésime Richard and Marguerite Arthémise Credeur, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1858.  The settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Joseph was born in March 1861.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--a 6-year-old mulatto female--on P. Edvin Comaux's farm next to Hypolite Comaux

Julien's seventh and youngest son Eusèbe, by first wife Marie Catherine Arceneaux, married Evelina, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Lessaint Prejean and Julienne Richard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1860.  Eusèbe died in Lafayette Parish in June 1863, age 24.  Was his death war-related?  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse later in the month.  He and his wife had a daughter, Julienne, born in October 1861, but she died at age 2 in November 1863, and they had no sons, so Eusèbe's line of the family did not endure.

.

Four more Comeaus--Victor's older cousin and his family, and Victor's younger brother and his wife--also came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765, probably in a later party.  They did not remain with Victor and his family on lower Bayou Teche but settled, instead, in the Opelousas District farther up the bayou.  Victor's younger brother's line was especially vigorous: 

Michel (c1734-1804) à Pierre l'aîné dit L'Esturgeon à Pierre Comeau

Michel, second son of Jean Comeau and Madeleine Amireau, born probably at Chepoudy in c1734, married Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Michel Girouard and Marie Thibodeau, at Chepoudy in March 1756 while in exile.  As their marriage date attests, the young couple escaped the British roundup of 1755 and sought refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  In the late 1750s, they either were captured by, or surrendered to, the British and were held in the prisoner-of-war compound on Georges Island, Halifax harbor, where Marie-Madeleine gave Michel a son in c1760.  British authorities counted Michel, Marie-Madeleine, and three children at Halifax in August 1763.  Late the following year, they emigrated to Louisiana via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, and reached New Orleans in the spring of 1765.  They brought only a single child with them.  However, Marie-Madeleine was pregnant on the voyage, and another son was born to them in late April 1765 either aboard ship, at La Balize, or in New Orleans.  After baptizing their newborn son on May 16, they followed 200 other Acadians to lower Bayou Teche but did not remain there.  They settled, instead, on upper Bayou Teche in the Opelousas District, where Marie-Madeleine gave Michel more children.  Michel became a prosperous cattleman in the district.  He held only four head of cattle in 1771, but by 1788 his herd had grown to 500 head!  In 1796, he held a dozen slaves.  Michel died at Opelousas in the spring of 1804.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Michel was age 80 when he died, but he was closer to 70.  His daughters married into the Bellard and Doucet families.  His youngtest son moved down to the Attakapas District in the late 1790s or early 1800s but returned to the Opelousas area and created a family of his own on the western prairies. 

Oldest son Jean, born probably at Halifax in c1760, was counted in the Opelousas census of 1777, age 17.  Did he marry? 

Michels second son Louis, born either aboard ship or at New Orleans in April 1765 and baptized at New Orleans in May, was counted in the Opelousas census of May 1777 as age 7, but he would have been closer to 12.  Did he survive childhood and marry? 

Michel's third and youngest son Michel, fils, born probably at Opelousas in November 1772, married Marie-Louise, called Louise, daughter of Joseph Latiolais and Julienne Barre of Coquelin, at Opelousas in December 1800.  They settled at Fausse Pointe on lower Bayou Teche near present-day New Iberia.  Michel, fils died at Fausse Pointe in May 1808, age 36.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the following January.  His widow Marie-Louise moved up the Teche to Grande Pointe, where she bore a "natural son," name unrecorded, who died at birth in November 1816.  One of her and Michel, fils's daughters married into the Fontenot family.  Michel, fils's sons "returned" to St. Landry Parish and settled near Grand Coteau and Church Point out on the prairies.  

Oldest son Onésime, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in November 1800, married Éloise, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Doucet and his Creole wife Céleste Bellard, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1823.  Their son Onésime, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1827; and Joseph in May 1830 but died at age 1 in July 1831.  Their daughter married into the Labbé family.  Onésime, père remarried to Marie Eléonore or Léonore, daughter of Antoine Labbé and his Acadian wife Modeste Hébert, at the Opelousas church in January 1838.  Their son Antoine was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1839 but died the following July; Théodule was born in April 1842; Jules in February 1848; Jean Demosthène near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in January 1854; Homer in June 1857; and Joseph le jeune in September 1861, when his father was in his early 60s.  Their daughter married into the Ramoin family.  Two of Onésime's sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Onésime, fils, by first wife Éloise Doucet, married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Doucet III and Marie Carmelite Richard, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in September 1849.  Their son Joseph was born near Church Point in May 1851, Onésime III in March 1853, Julien in March 1858, and Pierre Faustin in February 1860.  Onésime, fils's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in January 1866.  He would have been age 39 that year. 

Onésime, père's fifth son Jules, by second wife Marie Eléonore Labbé, married Marie Doralise, daughter of André Veroni and Elisa Carrière, at the Church Point church in August 1867.  Their son Joseph Nesat was born near Church Point in September 1867, and Élisée in July 1870.  Was he the Jules Comeaux whose succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse, St. Martin Parish, in December 1870?  If so, he would have been age 22 that year.  And if so, one wonders why his succession record would have been filed in St. Martin Parish. 

Michel, fils's second son, name unrecorded, died 6 days after his birth in July 1802. 

Michel, fils's third and youngest son Michel III, born probably at Fausse Pointe in August 1805, married Madeleine Lacombe in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in August 1834.  Their son Michel IV was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1836, Edmond in December 1842, Onésime le jeune near Grand Coteau in October 1846, Joseph in August 1848, François near Church Point in February 1853, and Jean Martial in February 1858.  Michel III may have remarried to Clara Dacieux or Dussieux in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in February 1862, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church the following October.  One of Michel III's sons married by 1870.

Second son Edmond, by first wife Madeleine Lacombe, married Virginie, daughter of French Canadian Noël Roy III and his Creole wife Eugènie Menard, at the Church Point church in April 1866.  They settled at Coulee Triffe near Church Point.  

Michel, fils's daughter Marie-Louise, age 20, gave birth to a "natural son," Edmond, in St. Martin Parish in December 1823.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism called him a Comeaux and did not give the father's name.  Marie-Louise may have had a "natural daughter" named Marie in June 1821.   

Grandson Edmond, who called himself a Comeaux, married Marie Tarsile, called Tarsile, daughter of fellow Acadians Achille Savoy and Marie Elisa Prejean, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in October 1854, and sanctified the marriage at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in November.  Their son Jean was born near Grand Coteau in December 1855, Aymar or Numa in September 1859 but died the following January, Joseph near Church Point in March 1861, and Joseph Numa near Grand Coteau in August 1866.

Charles (c1742-1805) à Abraham à Pierre l'aîné dit L'Esturgeon à Pierre Comeau

Charles, third and youngest son of Jean Comeau le jeune and Brigitte Savoie and Victor's younger brother, was born probably at Chepoudy in c1742.  He followed his family to Île St.-Jean and into exile, but, like older brother Victor, probably did not follow his mother and stepfather to Canada.  Chalres also ended up as a prisoner of war in Nova Scotia.  He married cousin Anastasie, daughter fellow Acadians Paul Savoie and Judith Michel of Chepoudy, probably at Halifax in c1763 or 1764.  They, too, emigrated to Louisiana via French St.-Domingue in 1764-65.  If they followed his brother Victor to lower Bayou Teche, they did not remain there.  By the spring of 1766, Charles le jeune and Anastasie were living in the Opelousas District, where they remained.  According to Bona Arsenault, between 1765 and 1781, Anastasie gave Charles eight children, five sons and three daughters, but Louisiana records give them three daughters and only four sons.   Charles, like his cousin Michel, became a prosperous cattleman in the district.  He held 19 head of cattle in 1771.  By 1788, his herd had increased to 643 head!  In 1796, he owned 10 slaves.  Charles died at Opelousas in August 1805, "age about 60 yrs."   His succession record had been filed at the Opelousas courthouse the previous March.  His daughters married into the Broussard, Langlinais, Mouton, and Sonnier families.  All four of his sons married and created vigorous lines on the western prairies.

Oldest son Antoine-Charles or Charles Antoine, called Charles, fils, born at Opelousas in the late 1760s, married Perpétué, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Broussard and his first wife Anne Brun, at Attakapas in January 1786.  They settled along the lower Vermilion near Côte Gelée.  Charles, fils died in Lafayette Parish in July 1830.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Charles was age 66 when he died, but he probably was in his early 60s.  His succession records were filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in January 1849 and September 1850, years after his death.  Daughter Marie Estelle "died ... in a drowning accident at age 8" a week before Charles died.  One wonders if their deaths were related.  His other daughters married into the Baudoin, Broussard, Mouton, and Sonnier families.  Three of his four sons created their own families on the prairies and in the Bayou Teche valley. 

Oldest son Camille, born at Attakapas in August 1792, probably did young. 

Charles, fils's second son Éloi, baptized at Attakapas, age 3 months, in June 1795, married Marie Cléonise, also called Phelonise, daughter of fellow Acadians François Louvière and Marie Louise Thibodeaux of Fausse Pointe, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in August 1813.  They settled at Côte Gelée on the lower Vermilion.  Their son Éloi, fils was born on the Vermilion in April 1816; Joseph in January 1824 but died at age 5 in November 1829; Charles Émile, called Émile, was born in June 1828; François was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 7 months, in October 1830; and Louis Valéry, called Valéry, at age 1 in July 1834.  Éloi, père died in Lafayette Parish in September 1847, probably a widower.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Éloi died "at age 48 yrs.," but he was 52.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in February 1848.  His daughters married into the Bourg and Broussard families.  Four of his five sons created their own families on the prairies.

Oldest son Éloi, fils married Marguerite Meline, Amelina, or Mélanie, daughter of Moïse Bonin and his Acadian wife Marie Denis Breaux, at the St. Martinville church in September 1836.  They settled at Fausse Pointe near New Iberia.  Their daughters married into the Broussard, Landry, and Oubre families.  In October 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted two slaves--a 12-year-old black female and an 8-year-old black female--on Eloy Comeau's farm at Fausse Pointe.  This probably was Éloi, fils.  He remarried to Marie Zéolide, called Zéolide, daughter of fellow Acadians Gilbert Hébert and Céleste Labauve, at the St. Martinville church in February 1851.  They also settled at Fausse Pointe.  Their son Joseph Luke was born in May 1852, and Joseph in December 1857.  Éloi, fils may have remarried again--it would have been his third marriage--to cousin Azélie Comeaux in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in February 1864.  Their son Julien was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1867. 

Élois, père's third son Charles Émile, married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Granger and Susanne dit Suzette Granger, at the Vermilionville church in November 1845.  Charles Émile, called Émile by the recording priest, who did not give Émile's parents' names, mention a wife, or record his age, may have died in Lafayette Parish in October 1856.  If so, he would have been age 28 when he died.  His daughter married into the Missonnier family.  Did he father any sons?

Élois, père's fourth son François, married Marie Clara, called Clara, daughter of fellow Acadians Leufroi Sonnier and Françoise Aureline Landry, at the Vermilionville church in March 1852.  Their son Éloi le jeune was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1853, and Esperat in October 1858.  They were living near Youngsville by 1860. 

Élois, père's fifth and youngest son Valéry, married Célanie or Célamine, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel Richard and Adélaïde Babineaux, at the Vermilionville church in January 1856.  Their son Gustave was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1856; Octave in November 1858; Éloi le jeune near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in February 1861; Émile in April 1863; O'Neil in April 1866; Dupré near Ville Platte, then in St. Landry but now in Evangeline Parish, in August 1868; and Joseph Sevigne near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in August 1870. 

Charles, fils's third son Édouard, perhaps also called Cadet, born at Attakapas in February 1798, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Granger and Françoise Landry of Côte Gelée, at the St. Martinville church in February 1817.  They settled on the lower Vermilion near Côte Gelée.  Their son Édouard, fils was born in November 1817; Baptiste Axaris was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 7 1/2 months, in April 1826 but died at age 6 in August 1832; Valéry was born in October 1827; and Fusien or Lucien in December 1833.  Their daughters married into the Bell, Bernard, Dubois, Landry, and Melançon families, and perhaps into the Nunez family as well.  Édouard, père, at age 48, remarried to Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Landry and Françoise Landry and widow of Charles Granger, fils, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in April 1846.  Their daughter married into the Broussard family.  Édouard, père died in Lafayette Parish in August 1850.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Édouard died "at age 60 years," but he was 52.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in September.  His three surviving sons settled on the prairies and on lower Bayou Teche. 

Oldest son Édouard, fils, by first wife Marguerite Granger, married Marguerite Célanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Melançon and Susanne Landry, at the Vermilionville church in April 1836.  They settled at Côte Gelée, near present-day Youngsville.  Their son Alfin or Valsin was born in February 1839 but died at age 3 1/2 in September 1842, Aladin was born in February 1841, Ursin in March 1843, Edmond in July 1850, and Édouard III or Edward in November 1855.  They also had a son named Théoville, also called Théonide.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old black female--on Édouard Comeau's farm in the parish's western district, three farms up from Désiré Comeau.  Was this Édouard, fils?  Édouard, fils died probably at Côte Gelée in June 1860.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Édouard died "at age 45 yrs.," but he was 42.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--a 16-year-old black female--on Edward Comeaux's farm next to Napoléon Melançon and several farms up from Mrs. Désiré Comeaux.  If this was Édouard, fils, he died a few weeks before his slave was counted.  Four of his surviving sons married by 1870. 

Second son Aladin married fellow Acadian Marie Celima, called Celima, Broussard at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in July 1865.  Their son Ernest was born near Abbeville in October 1869. 

Édouard, fils's third son Ursin married Marie Irma, called Irma, daughter of fellow Acadians Arvillien Broussard and Marie Boudreaux, at the Youngsville church, Lafayette Parish, in September 1865.

Édouard, fils's fourth son Théoville married Aurore, daughter of Joseph Viator and Clementine Viator, at the New Iberia church, then in St. Martin but now in Iberia Parish, in January 1866.  Their son Joseph was born near New Iberia in November 1866.  They were living near Youngsville a few years later. 

Édouard, fils's fifth son Edmond married Élodie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Osémé Boudreaux and Céleste Melina Cormier, at the Youngsville church in April 1870.

Édouard, père's third son Valéry, by first wife Marguerite Granger, married Aspasie or Anastasie Leleu at the New Iberia church in April 1848.  Their son Alcide was born near New Iberia in October 1848, and Aristide in September 1851.  Valéry died near New Iberia in February 1852.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Valéry died "at age 26 yrs.," but he was 24.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in April 1853.  His two sons married by 1870.

Older son Alcide married Telvina, daughter of fellow Acadian Simon Valière Robichaux and his Creole wife Doralie Bodin, at the New Iberia church in December 1868.  Their son Adolphe was born near New Iberia in April 1870. 

Valéry's younger son Aristide married Delphine, another daughter of Simon Valière Robichaux and Doralie Bodin, at the New Iberia church in April 1870.

Édouard, père's fourth son Fusien, by first wife Marguerite Granger, married Spanish Creole Coralie Viator at the New Iberia church in May 1854.  Their son Édouard was born near New Iberia in April 1858, Alcide in October 1859, Homere in March 1861, Joseph in November 1862, Jean Octave in September 1864, Gustave in June 1866, and Pierre Eustache in March 1870. 

Charles, fils's fourth and youngst son Charles-Valière, born at Attakapas in November 1800, married Gertrude, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Broussard and Gertrude Thibodeaux of Vermilion, at the St. Martinville church in May 1820.  Their son Charles Valière, fils was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in March 1827; Valéry le jeune was born in September 1832; Adolphe was baptized, age 3 1/2 months, in August 1834; Lauzin at age 45 days in April 1837; and François at age 2 months in February 1839.  They also had an older son named Jean.  Their daughters married Broussard cousins.  Charles Valière, père may have died in Lafayette Parish in November 1849.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial of Charles Comeaux, husband of ____ Broussard, said that Charles died "at age 40 yrs.," but this Charles would have been 49.  Five of his six sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Jean married cousin Euphémie, daughter of Pierre Meaux and his Acadian wife Céleste Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in December 1850.  They were living near Abbeville a few years after their marriage.  Their daughter married a Broussard cousin.  Jean remarried to cousin Azelima, Azelina, or Mélanie, daughter of fellow Acadian Alexandre Guidry, at the Vermilionville church in December 1855; Azelina's mother, also, was a Broussard.  Their son Rémi was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1858.  They were living near Abbeville a decade later. 

Charles Valière's second son Charles Valière, fils, at age 34, married Azema, daughter of fellow Acadian François Benoit and his Creole wife Cléonise Montet, at the Vermilionville church in April 1861.  Their son Eustache was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1862, Onésiphore in May 1863, Alcée near Youngsville in June 1866, Albert in January 1868, and Duha in April 1870. 

Charles Valière, père's fourth son Adolphe married cousin Eugènie, another daughter Pierre Meaux and Céleste Broussard, at the Abbeville church in April 1855, and remarried to double cousin Marie Eugènie, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Jean Olidon Broussard and Marie Eurasie Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1858.  Their son Aymar was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1858.  Adolphe remarried again--his third marriage--to Marie Gadrate or Godrate, daughter of fellow Acadians Désiré Benoit and Celima Thibodeaux, at the Vermilionville church September 1865. 

Charles Valière, père's fifth son Lauzin married double cousin Asima, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Isidore Broussard and Célanie Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church in February 1860.  They settled near Youngsville.  During the War of 1861-65, Lauzin, called Lozin in Confederate records, served in Company E of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He enlisted in the company only a few weeks after his daughter Ophelia was born, and he fathered another daughter, Rose, during the war while he was waiting to be exchanged.  After his unit surrendered in northwestern Louisiana in May 1865, Lauzin returned home to Azema.  Their son Ernest was born near Youngsville in December 1866, and Omer in April 1868. 

Charles Valière, père's sixth and youngest son François married double cousin Marie Sylvanie, called Sylvanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Jean Olidon Broussard and Marie Eurasie Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1867.  Their son Luc was born near Youngsville in December 1867, and Jean Horace in November 1869. 

Charles, père's second son Pierre, born at Opelousas in c1770, married Cécile, daughter of Philippe Langlois and his Acadian wife Marie-Jeanne Sonnier, at Opelousas in October 1791.  They may have settled near Côte Gelée in the Attakapas District.  Pierre died at brother Charles, fils's home at Côte Gelée in February 1810, age 40.  His daughter married into the Gaspard family.  His son returned to St. Landry Parish.  One of his grandsons settled near Breaux Bridge on upper Bayou Teche.

Only son Pierre, fils, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in September 1799, married Louise, Lisa, Lise, or Élise, daughter of Simonet Durio and his Acadin wife Madeleine Landry, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in February 1826, and sanctified the marriage at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1830.  Their son Jean Baptiste was born in St. Landry Parish in May 1834, and Cleopha in December 1836.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted six slaves--three males and three females, all black except for one mulatto, ranging in age from 40 to 1--on Pierre Comeau's farm.  In 1860, the federal census in St. Landry Parish counted six slaves again--two males and four females, all black except for one mulatto, ages 58 to 9--on Pierre Comeau's farm.  His daughters married into the Anselm, D'avy or David, Guilbeau, Raulin, and St. Blancat families, and perhaps into the Richard family as well.  His sons also created families of their own on the Teche and out on the prairies.

Older son Jean Baptiste married Cephalide, daughter of fellow Acadian Charles Dupuis and his Creole wife Célestine Patin, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in March 1858.

Pierre, fils's younger son Cleopha married Estelle, daughter of French Canadian Jean Baptiste Roy, fils and his Acadian wife Lise Pitre, at the Opelousas church in May 1860.  Their son Cleopha Henry was born in St. Landry Parish in February 1861, and Pierre Hebard in July 1866. 

Charles, père's third son Auguste or Augustin baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in June 1779, married Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Sylvain Sonnier and Madeleine Bourque and widow of Élisée Missonier, at Opelousas in February 1797.  In the early 1800s, they moved down to the old Attakapas District and settled on the Vermilion River south of present-day Lafayette.  Augustin died a widower in Lafayette Parish in September 1829, age 50.  His daughters married into the Bernard and Guidry families.  Six of his seven sons also created families of their own along the Teche and out on the prairies, but not all of the lines endured. 

Oldest son Hippolyte, baptized at Opelousas, age 4, in August 1801, married Marie Eugènie, called Eugènie, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre LeBlanc and Hortense Broussard of Vermilion, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1820.  They settled on the Vermilion.  Their son Hippolyte, fils was born in Lafayette Parish in April 1823 but died the following January; Charles was born in September 1827; Augustin le jeune was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 17 months, in October 1831; and Pierre or René Edgar, called Edgar, at age 2 1/2 in July 1837.  Hippolyte, père died near Abbeville, Vermilion Parish, in June 1867.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Hippolyte died "at age 68 yrs.," but he may have been a year or two older.  His daughters married into the Belaire, Guidry, and Landry families.  Three of his sons created their own families in Lafayette Parish.

Second son Charles married Adveline, Adeline, or Eveline, daughter of fellow Acadian Gédéon Landry and his Creole wife Anne Josèphe Lormand, at the Vermilionville church in February 1850.  Their son Charles Augustin was born in Lafayette Parish in April 1857, Nicolas Desmartiniere near Abbeville in June 1862 but died the following November, and Pierre Odelon was born near New Iberia in November 1863.  They were living near Abbeville again by the mid-1860s.  Their daughter married into the Harrington family. 

Hipployte's third son Augustin le jeune married Marie Euranie, called Euranie, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Jean Olidon Broussard and Marie Eurasie Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in February 1854.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in Lafayette Parish, age 7 days, in October 1857.  Augustin le jeune "of Vermillion" remarried to Lydia, daughter of fellow Acadians Lezin LeBlanc and Alzere Broussard, at the St. Martinville church in August 1865.  Their son Désiré was baptized at the Abbeville church, age 10 months, in November 1866, Hippolyte le jeune was born in March 1868, and Lezin Henri in near New Iberia in August 1869. 

Hippolyte's fourth and youngest son Edgar married Eusèide, daughter of Nicolas Walleau, Valleau, or Vallot and Marguerite Domingues and widow of Dominique Girouard, at the Vermilionville church in June 1856.  Their son Pierre Nicolas was born near Abbeville in February 1863; and Edgar, fils in March 1870.  In 1860, the federal census taker in Vermilion Parish counted two slaves--a 21-year-old black female, and a 5-year-old black male, living in 1 house--on Edgar Como's farm in the parish's western district. 

Auguste's second son Pierre Valmont, called Valmont and also André, baptized at Opelousas, age 6 months, in November 1802 married fellow Acadian Eugènie Landry in Lafayette Parish in the early 1820s.  Their son Pierre, fils, also called Déopalière, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 3 days, in June 1827, Augustin le jeune at age 3 months in October 1837; and Alexandre in July 1844.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted two slaves--a 44-year-old black female, and a 44-year-old black male, living in one house--on Valmond Comeaux's farm near Lefroy Comeaux.  Valmont died in Lafayette Parish in March 1863.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Valmont died "at age 48 yrs.," but he was 61.  One wonders if his death was war-related.  His daughters married Landry cousins.  Two of three sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Pierre, fils married Marcellite, daughter of fellow Acadians Onésime Melançon and Mélanie Prejean, at the Youngsville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1868.  Their son Zacharie was born near Youngsville in January 1869. 

Valmont's third and youngest son Alexandre married Aurelia, daughter of fellow Acadians Octave Granger and Marcellienne Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in June 1868.  Their son Pierre Galbert was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1870. 

Auguste's third son Norbert, baptized at Opelousas, age 3 in February 1808, married first cousin Clarisse, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Comeaux and Rosalie Prejean, his uncle and aunt, at the Vermilionville church in November 1826.  Their son Norbert, fils was born probably in Lafayette Parish in c1832; Émile was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 2 months, in May 1833; Dorcili at age 2 months in January 1835; Charles Sevigne was born in November 1836; Seville was baptized at age 8 months in December 1839 but died at age 9 months in January 1840; Charles Ovide was born in March 1840; and a second Norbert, fils was born in September 1852 three months before the death of his older brother with the same name.  In October 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted two slaves--a 25-year-old black female, and a 17-year-old black male--on Norbert Comeau's farm in the parish's western district.  Clarisse died in Lafayette Parish in January 1853, age 40.  Her succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in March 1856.  Norbert, père died in Lafayette Parish in November 1858.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Norbert died "at age 50 yrs.," but he was 53.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in January 1859.  Two of his seven sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Norbert, fils l'aîné died in Lafayette Parish in December 1852, age 20.  He probably did not marry. 

During the War of 1861-65, Norbert, père's third son  Dorcili served in Company F of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana; and in Company I of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  After surviving the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862, Dorcili was "sent to interior" on sick leave.  He returned to his unit in southern Alabama by July and followed it to South Louisiana that autumn.  He was absent sick again, this time at New Iberia, not far from home, in the early summer of 1863.  He may have fought with his new regiment, the Consolidated 18th Infantry, at Mansfield, Louisiana, in April 1864.  Like younger brother Charles Ovide, Dorcili survived the war.  He married Edita, daughter of fellow Acadian Napoléon R. Lalande and his Creole wife Suzanne Fabre and widow of Leufroi Richard, at the Youngsville church, Lafayette Parish, in November 1865.  Dorcili's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in November 1869.  He would have been age 35 that year. 

Norbert, père's sixth son Charles Ovide married cousin Hebertville, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Landry and Azélie Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church in February 1862.  During the War of 1861-65, Charles Ovide served in Company A of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He enlisted in the company in March 1862, only a month after his wedding.  He was wounded at Vicksburg on 24 Jun 1863 but survived the war. 

Auguste's fourth son Drosin, baptized at Opelousas, age 2 months, in February 1808, died in St. Martin Parish at age 1 1/2 in October 1809.

Auguste's fifth son Symphorien, baptized at the Opelousas church, age 2 months, in February 1808, married Euphémie, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Landry and Julienne Breaux, at the Vermilionville church in August 1831.  Did they have any children?

Auguste's sixth son Charles le jeune, a twin, baptized at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, age 4 months, in October 1811, married Marie Elise, Elisa, Eleine, or Hélène, daughter of Hippolyte Bonin and his Acadian wife Marie Doiron, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1834.  Their son Hippolyte was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 2 months, in December 1836 but died at age 1 in September 1837; Louis was born in St. Martin Parish in September 1841; Henri Hertelle in December 1843; Valérien in November 1845; and Cyprien near Breaux Bridge in January 1849.  Charles le jeune may have died near Breaux Bridge in March 1867.  The priest who recorded the burial did not give Charles's parents' names or mention a wife, but he did say that Charles died "at age 50 yrs."  This Charles would have been 56.  His daughter married into the Thibodeaux family.  One of his sons married by 1870.

 Third son Henri married Élodie, daughter of Sellerive Domengeaux and Idalie Cailler, at the Breaux Bridge church in January 1865.  Their son Jean was born Breaux Bridge in March 1867. 

Auguste's seventh son Martin, Charles le jeune's twin, baptized at the St. Martinville church, age 4 months, in October 1811, married Emeranthe Eremise or Eremise Emeranthe, also called Eloise, daughter of perhaps fellow Acadians François Arceneaux and Marie Mouton, at the Vermilionville church in July 1833; the marriage was recorded at the Vermilionville courthouse in May 1844.  Their son Martin Telesphore, called Telesphore, was born in Lafayette Parish in July 1834; François Thelesmar in March 1837; and Pierre Théole near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in August 1845.  Martin died in Lafayette Parish in April 1850, age 38.  Two of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Telesphore married Aurore, daughter of Louis Dautreuil and Émeranthe Leleu and widow of Charles Bertrand, at the St. Martinville church in January 1858.  Their son Martin Elzean or Azarius was born in St. Martin Parish in September 1858 but died in Lafayette Parish, age 11 months, in August 1859.  During the War of 1861-65, Telesphore served in Company F of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana.  He survived the war.  Telesphore died in St. Martin Parish in June 1866.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Telesphore died "at age 38 yrs.," but he was 32.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse later in June.  One wonders if his early death was war-related. 

Martin's second son François Thelesmar married fellow Acadian Elzina Thibodeaux, widow of Stanislas Garrigues, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in February 1868.

Charles, père's fourth and youngest son Jean-Baptiste, called Baptiste, baptized at Opelousas, age 6 weeks, in October 1781, married Rosalie, 22-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Prejean and Marguerite Richard, at Attakapas in October 1802.  They remained in Attakapas and settled at Côte Gelée near present-day Broussard.  Their daughters married into the Bernard, Breaux, Broussard, Comeaux, and Landry families.  Baptiste remarried to fellow Acadian Marguerite Adélaïde Mouton, widow of Cyprien Arceneaux, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in June 1845.  Baptiste died in Lafayette Parish in June 1847.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste died "at age 56 yrs.," but he was 66.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following August.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted six slaves--four males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 60 to 6--on Ww. Bte Comeau's farm; these probably were the slaves of Baptiste's widow, Marguerite Adélaïde Mouton

Oldest son Jean Baptiste Désiré, by first wife Rosalie Prejean, born St. Martin Parish in July 1814, married Céleste, daughter of fellow Acadians Edmond Landry and Anastasie Giroir, at the Vermilionville church in November 1836.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted six slaves--two males and four females, all black, ranging in age from 29 to 2--on Désiré Comeau's farm in the parish's western district next to François Landry and three farms down from Édouard Comeau.  Was this Jean Baptiste Désiré?  Did he father any sons?  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted nine slaves--three males and six females, five blacks and four mulattoes, ages 42 years to 4 months, living in one house--on Mrs. Désiré Comeaux's farm several farms down from Edward Comeaux; these may have been the slaves of Jean Baptiste Désiré's widow, Céleste Landry.  Jean Baptiste Désiré's daughter married a Landry cousin. 

Baptiste's second son Charles Duclise, Euclis, or Euclide, by first wife Rosalie Prejean, in St. Martin Parish in November 1818, married fellow Acadian Marie Élodie Landry probably in Lafayette Parish by the late 1840s.  Their son Alphonse was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1851, and Jean in August 1852.  The federal census taker in Lafayette Parish in September 1850 counted five slaves--one male and four females, all black, ranging in age from 30 to 3--on C. D. Comeau's farm next to Émilien Landry in the parish's western district; this probably was Charles Duclise.  Charles Duclise may have died near Breaux Bridge, St. Martin Parish, in March 1867.  The priest who recorded the burial did not give Charles's parents' names or mention a wife, but he did say that Charles died "at age 50 yrs.".  This Charles would have been age 48.  His daughters married into the Landry and Larriviere families. 

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Two more Comeaus--a widow and a wife--came to Louisiana in 1765 from Halifax via Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, but they did not follow their cousins to the western prairies.  They settled, instead, at Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans where 20 Acadians from Georgia had settled the year before.  The area soon became known as the Acadian Coast.

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Five more Comeaus--a widower, his three children, and a Comeau orphan--came to Louisiana from Maryland in 1767 and settled in a new Acadian community on the river above New Orleans.  The widower's older son created a vigorous line there:

Charles (c1742-1805) à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Charles, second son of Étienne Comeau and his first wife Marguerite Forest, born probably at Port-Royal in c1709, married Madeleine, daughter of Germain Landry and Marie Melanson, in c1744 and settled at Pigiguit.  The British deported Charles and his family to Maryland in 1755.  Colonial officials counted Charles, now a widower, and three of his children, two sons and a daughter, at Port Tobacco on the lower Pototmac in July 1763.  They, along with a Comeau orphan, emigrated to Louisiana from Maryland in 1767.  The Spanish placed them in the new Acadian community of San Gabriel along the river south of Bayou Manchac.  Spanish officials counted them at San Gabriel on the "right bank ascending"--the east bank of the Mississippi--in March 1777.  Charles was livng with his older son at the time.  Charles's daughter married into the Doucet family.  One of his sons married and settled on the river in what became Iberville Parish.

Older son Jean-Charles, called Charles, fils, born probably at Pigiguit in c1749, followed his family to Maryland and his widower father to Louisiana.  He married Cécile, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Dugas and Cécile Bergeron, at Cabahannocer downriver from San Gabriel in September 1776.  They settled at San Gabriel.  Their daughter married into the Cointment, Dehon, and Henry families.  Charles, fils remarried to Anne-Catherine, called Catherine, daughter of Daniel Boush and Dina Louis of Virginia, at San Gabriel in July 1781.  They remained at San Gabriel.   Their daughters married into the Hébert and LeBlanc families.  Jean Charles died in Iberville Parish in July 1823.  The St. Gabriel priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Charles was age 79 when he died, but he was closer to 74.  Nine of his 11 sons created families of their own and settled in Iberville, East and West Baton Rouge, and Ascension parishes, adding substantially to the number of Comeauxs living on the river.  Most of the Comeauxs on the river, in fact, are descendants of Jean-Charles of Pigiguit.

Oldest son Firmin le jeune, by first wife Cécile Dugas, was buried at San Gabriel, age unrecorded, in March 1781.

Jean-Charles's second son Jean-Louis-Laurent, called Jean-Louis and Louis, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in January 1784, married Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Hébert and Marie Itna Landry, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1808.  Their son Louis Joachim Laurent or Laurent Joachim, called Joachim, was born near St. Gabriel in December 1809; Victorin in September 1811; Louis Valsin, called Valsin, in May 1813; and Jean Louis, fils or Louis Eugène in January 1815 but died at age 2 in January 1817.  Jean Louis died near St. Gabriel in May 1825.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Louis was age 35 when he died, but he was 41.  His daughter married into the Aillet and Dehon families.  Two of his four sons created their own families on the river, but not all of the lines endured.

Oldest son Joachim married Carmelite, daughter of Louis Julien Aillet and his Acadian wife Marie Victoire Lejeune, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in February 1832.  Their son Augustin was born near St. Gabriel in December 1837; Augustin died near St. Gabriel, age 2 1/2 years, in July 1840; Laurent was born in July 1840 but died at age 11 1/2 in January 1852; and Cyprien Lucas was born in September 1847.  Their daughters married into the Covington and Parks families, and perhaps into the Landry family as well. 

Jean Louis Laurent's second son Victorin died near St. Gabriel in August 1838, age 26.  He did not marry.  

Jean Louis Laurent's third son Valsin married Zerbine, daughter of fellow Acadian Magloire Dupuy and his Creole wife Henreitte Serret and widow of Onésime Landry, at the St. Gabriel church in July 1838.  The federal census taker in West Baton Rouge Parish in August 1850 counted seven slaves--four males and three males, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 1--on V. Comeaux's farm; this may have been Valsin.  Valsin died near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in June 1854.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Valsin died at "age 44 yrs.," but he was 41.  Did Valsin and Zerbine have any children of their own?  In July 1860, the federal census taker in West Baton Rouge Parish counted two slaves--both females, both black, ages 72 and 16--on Widow Val. Comeaux's farm near Adolphe Dupuy; these may have been the slaves of Valsin's widow, Zerbine Dupuy

Jean-Charles's third son Bernard-Guillaume, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in January 1786, married Marie Rose, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Richard and Cécile Dupuis, at the St. Gabriel church in April 1809.  Their son Bernard Lesime or Onésime, called Onésime, was born near St. Gabriel in January 1810; and Treville in May 1811.  Bernard died in August 1816, age 30.  Their daughter married into the Gomez family.  One of their sons also created his own family on the river. 

Oldest son Onésime married Ann Bordon, Borgon, or Bogan at the Baton Rouge church in June 1840.  Their son James was born near St. Gabriel in August 1841. 

Jean-Charles's fourth son Charles-Daniel, called Charles D., by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in September 1787, married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Bénoni Hébert and Marie Madeleine Allain, at the Baton Rouge church in February 1813.  They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son, name unrecorded, was born near St. Gabriel in October 1813 but died the following December; Jean Ternault, Dameau, Darneau, d'Arnaux, Darno, Dermon, Dernon, or Valence was born in April 1815; Charles Daniel, fils in February 1817; Lucillio Laurent in November 1818; and Pierre Fulsi in January 1834.  Charles D., père died probably in West Baton Rouge Parish in December 1850.  The Baton Rouge priest who recorded his burial said that Charles died at "age 60 years," but he was 63.  He was buried "in Highland Cemetary."  His daughters married into the Doiron, Legendre, and Stumpley families.  Two of his sons also created their own families on the river. 

Second son Jean d'Arnaux married Felonise, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Theriot and Céleste Breaux of West Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church in March 1836.  Like their parents, they settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Jean Eugène was born in December 1836, and Pierre Paul in June 1845.  Jean d'Arnaux, called John Darno by the recording priest, remarried to Julienne Celina or Celima, daughter of fellow Acadians John Henry and Hermegilde Gaudin, at the Baton Rouge church in November 1851.  Their son Jean d'Arnaux, fils was born near Baton Rouge in May 1855, and James Daniel in December 1858. 

Charles D.'s third son Charles Daniel, fils married Forestine or Florestine Sylvanie Tullier probably in West Baton Rouge Parish in the late 1830s or early 1840s.  Their son Pierre Victorin was born near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in August 1848; and Charles Daniel III in February 1862.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted two slaves--a 44-year-old black female, and a 7-year-old black female, living in 1 house--on Chas. D. Comeaux's farm.  One wonders when he moved to that parish.  Charles Daniel, fils remarried to cousin Désirée, daughter of fellow Acadian Florestin Aucoin and his Creole wife Élisabeth Verdou, at the Baton Rouge church in September 1867; they had to secure a dispensation for second degree of affinity in order to marry.

Jean-Charles's fifth son Gilbert, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in c1788, married Marie Mélisaire, daughter of fellow Acadians Arsène Breaux and Marie Geneviève Daigre, at the St. Gabriel church in May 1818.  Their son Étienne Hermogène, called Hermogène, was born near St. Gabriel in March 1819; and Gilbert, fils posthumously in April 1820.  Gilbert, père died near St. Gabriel in November 1819, five months before his younger son was born.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Gilbert was age 30 when he died.  His two sons created their own families on the river.

Oldest son Hermogène married cousin Elisa or Eliza, daughter of fellow Acadian Janvier Allain and his Creole wife Élise Boush, at the St. Gabriel church in January 1848.  Their son Joseph Edgard was born near St. Gabriel in December 1848 but died at age 5 months in May 1849, Gilbert Rodolph was born in March 1850, Hermogène Edwin in January 1854, and Egbert Amédée in December 1856. 

Gilbert's second son Gilbert, fils married Mary Adeline, called Adeline, daughter of Francis Gallaugher and his Acadian wife Marguerite Landry, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1843.  Their daughters married into the Allain and Arbour families.  Gilbert, fils died near St. Gabriel in December 1845; he was only 25 years old; he was buried "in St. Raphaël's cemetary."  Gilbert, fils fathered no sons, so his line of the family, except for its blood, died with him. 

Jean-Charles's sixth son Henri-Firmin, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at St.-Gabriel in September 1789, married Marie Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Hébert and Anne Marie Dupuy, at the St. Gabriel church in April 1811.  Their son Henri, fils was born near St. Gabriel in January 1813 but died at age 1 1/2 in August 1814; a son, name unrecorded, died at age 1 month in December 1814; Firmin Gerville was born in January 1816; twin Jean Surville, called Surville, in May 1818 but died at age 9 in February 1827; and another Firmin was born in November 1820.  Henri died near St. Gabriel in September 1823, age 34.  His daughter married an Hébert cousin.  One of his sons also created his own family on the river.

Third son Firmin married Marie Emma, Aimée, or Irma, daughter of J. B. Friou and Marcelline Prosper of West Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church in December 1838.  They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Joseph Saturnin, called Saturnin, was born in November 1842; and Alfred near Brusly in January 1849.  Their daughters married into the Broussard and Bourgogne families.  One of Firmin's sons married by 1870. 

Older son Saturnin married Marie Victoire, daughter of Fortune Gonet or Gonnet and his Acadin wife Marie Braud, at the Brusly church in October 1869.

Jean-Charles's seventh son Étienne, a twin, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in December 1791, married Marie Céleste, called Céleste, another daughter of Arsene Breaux and Marie Geneviève Daigre, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1820.  Their son Sosthène Breau was born near St. Gabriel in March 1826, and Étienne Fergus or Jasque in June 1833 but died the following September.  Their daughters married into the Breaux, Hébert, Rils, and Rivet families.  One of their sons also created his own family on the river.

Older son Sosthène married Elvenia, Elvania, Elvira, or Helvenia, daughter of Joseph Barthélémy Ramouin and his Acadian wife Émilie Hébert, at the St. Gabriel church in December 1851.  They settled across the river near Plaquemine.  Their son Walton Emerson was born in October 1852; Joseph O. in July 1863; and a son, name and age unrecorded, died near St. Gabriel in February 1866. 

Jean-Charles's eighth son Pierre-Amand, Étienne's twin, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in December 1791, married Marie Hortense, called Hortense, daughter of fellow Acadians Grégoire LeBlanc and Marie Barbe Babin, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in October 1820.  Their son Pierre, fils was born in Ascension Parish in December 1826.  Pierre, père died in Ascension Parish in January 1828, age 36.  His daughter married into the Melançon family.  His son also created his own family on the river.

Only son Pierre, fils married Virginie, daughter of Achille Altazin and Sarah Krage, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in April 1858.  Their son Jean Achille, called Achille, was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in August 1863 but died in Ascension Parish, age 10 months, 9 days, in July 1864; and Louis Adam was born in November 1864.  Pierre, fils died in Ascension Parish in June 1865, age 38. 

Jean-Charles's ninth son Joseph-Julien, called Julien, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in January 1794, married Anne Delphine, daughter of Jean Lambremont and Marguerite Hamiliton, at the St. Gabriel church in January 1819.  Their son Joseph Joachim was born near St. Gabriel in October 1820; Joseph Firmin in May 1822 but died at age 1 1/2 in September 1823; Joseph Trasimond, called Trasimond, was born in October 1824; Jean Baptiste Ernest, called Ernest, in January 1831; and Joseph Émile in September 1844 but died at age 9 months in July 1845.  Joseph Julien died near St. Gabriel in May 1849, age 55.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted 10 slaves--four males and six females, all black, ranging in age from 35 to 1, living in two houses--on Widow Julien Comeaux's farm next to Widow T. Comeaux; these were the slaves of Julien's widow, Anne Delphine Lambremont.  Julien's daughters married into the Breaux, Mears, and Verret families.  His three surviving sons also created their own families on the river.

Oldest son Joseph Joachim married Mathilde or Mathilda, daughter of Pierre Treville Marrionneaux and Lydia Billings, at the St. Gabriel church in October 1848.  Their son Julien Edward was born near St. Gabriel in August 1849, and Joseph Walter in August 1850. 

Julien's third son Trasimond married Marie Domitille, called Domitille, daughter of fellow Acadians Firmin Davat Landry and Mellisere Braud, at the St. Gabriel church in January 1847.  Their son Julien Gaspard was born near St. Gabriel in March 1852, and Joseph Trasimond, fils in September 1855.  Trasimond, père died near St. Gabriel in April 1856, age 31.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted a single slave--a 55-year-old black female--on Widow T. Comeaux's farm next to Widow Julien Comeaux; this probably was the slave of Trasimond's widow, Domitille Landry

Julien's fourth son Ernest married Lavinia, Livinia, or Luricia, another daughter of Pierre Treville Marrionneaux and Lydia Billings and widow of Ulgère Baugnon, at the St. Gabriel church in December 1852.  Their son Duncan Duillius was born near St. Gabriel in December 1857. 

Jean-Charles's tenth son Marion, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in August 1796, probably died young.  

Jean-Charles's eleventh and youngest son Philippe, by second wife Catherine Boush, born at San Gabriel in May 1800, married Eugènie, daughter of fellow Acadians Honoré Daigle and Adélaïde Hébert, at the St. Gabriel church in January 1822.  Their daughter married into the Danos and Lacave families.  Philippe remarried to fellow Acadian Victorine Arianne or Uranie Landry at the St. Gabriel church in February 1825.  Their son Pierre Joachim was born near St. Gabriel in December 1825 but died at age 10 months in November 1826; Philogène was born in December 1828; and Jean Lovinski, called Lovinski, in November 1830.  Their daughter married into the Capdevielle family.  Philippe died near St. Gabriel in March 1855.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Philippe died at "age 56 years," but he was 54.  His two surviving sons created their own families on the river.

Second son Philogène, by second wife Victorine Landry, married cousin Eliza, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Arvillien Rivet and Roseline Landry, at the St. Gabriel church in October 1858.  Their son Philippe André was born near St. Gabriel in July 1859; and Philogène, fils near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in October 1866. 

Philippe's third and youngest son Lovinski, by second wife Victorine Landry, married Joséphine, daughter of Louis Édouard Guitteau and Joséphine Pignoux, at the St. Gabriel church in January 1853.  Their son Joseph Lovinski was born near St. Gabriel in August 1859. 

Charles, père's younger son Firmin, born probably at Pigiguit in c1753, followed his family to Maryland and his widower father to Louisiana.  In March 1777, in his early 20s, he was still a bachelor and living with his father and older brother at San Gabriel.  He died at San Gabriel in March 1781, age 28.  He did not marry. 

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A widow--Marguerite Babin, wife of Charles Comeau of San Gabriel's youngest brother Alexis--brought her Comeau children--three sons, including a set of twins, and a daughter--to Louisiana from Maryland in 1768 with the party of refugees from Port Tobacco led by the Breau brothers of Pigiguit.  Spanish Governor Ulloa forced them to settled at Fort San Luìs de Natchez, far upriver from their kinsmen below Baton Rouge.  They did not remain there long.  Ulloa's successor, Governor-General O'Reilly, allow the Natchez Acadians to settle where they chose.  The widow took her children to San Gabriel, where her children created families.  The daughter married into the LeBlanc family.  One of the younger son's lines did not endure.  In the late 1780s, the widow's oldest son followed his in-laws to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he helped create a new center of Comeaux family settlement: 

Joseph (c1751-1817) à Étienne à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Joseph, oldest son of Alexis Comeau and Marguerite Babin, born probably at Minas in c1751, followed his family to Maryland in 1755 and his widowerd mother them to Louisiana in 1768.  After leaving Fort San Luis de Natchez in 1769, he followed his family to San Gabriel.  He married Anne-Isabelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre dit La Vielliarde Landry and his first wife Anne-Élisabeth Dupuis, at nearby Cabahannocer in June 1778.  The settled at nearby Ascension.  Anne-Isabelle was a native of Maryland and also had come to Louisiana in 1768.  In the late 1780s, they followed her family to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Their daughters married into the Hébert and Malbrough families.  Joseph remarried to Marie-Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Blanchard and Anne-Symphore Hébert and widow of Mathurin Trahan, at Assumption on the upper Lafourche in November 1798.  Marie-Madeleine was a native of St.-Suliac near St.-Malo, France, and had come to Louisiana with her widowed mother aboard La Bergère in 1785.  Their daughters married into the Giroir and Viola families.  Joseph died in Assumption Parish in February 1817, age 65.  Half of his six sons either died young or did not marry.  His oldest son returned to the river and settled near Baton Rouge before returning to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Joseph's younger married sons remained on the Lafourche.  His youngest son became a major planter in Assumption Parish.

Oldest son Pierre-Vital, called Vital, by first wife Anne-Isabelle Landry, born at Ascension in April 1779, married Céleste, daughter of Jean Prosper, also called Gascogne, and his Acadian wife Marie Madeleine Lavergne, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in June 1818.  They lived at Baton Rouge before moving to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Vital died in Assumption Parish in June 1833.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Vital was age 52 when he died, but he was 54.  His daughter married into the Hébert family in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Only one of his three sons created a family of his own, on upper Bayou Lafourche

Oldest son Jean Baptiste, born near Baton Rouge in June 1819, may have died young. 

Vital's second son Joseph Telesphore, called Telesphore, born near Baton Rouge in March 1823, married Octavie, daughter of fellow Acadians Édouard Hébert and Eléonore Girouard, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in December 1845.  Their son Joseph Aristide was born near Paincourtville in May 1847, and Jules Hernest in February 1851.  Joseph Telesphore died near Paincourtville in October 1851, age 28. 

Vital's third and youngest son Joseph Manuel, baptized at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, age 2, in April 1830, also may have died young. 

Joseph's second son Pierre-Alexis, by first wife Anne-Isabelle Landry, born at Ascension in April 1792, may have died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in February 1824.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre was age 34 when he died, but he did not give Pierre's parents' names or mention a wife.  

Joseph's third son Jean-Louis, by first wife Anne-Isabelle Landry, born at Assumption in May 1794, died there at age 5 in July 1799.  

Joseph's fourth son Augustin, by first wife Anne-Isabelle Landry, baptized at Assumption, age unrecorded, in October 1797, died in February 1817, age 20.  He did not marry.  

Joseph's fifth son Élias- or Élie-Joseph, by second wife Marie-Madeleine Blanchard, born at Assumption in September 1799, married Constance, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Landry and Marguerite Landry, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, October 1820.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 13 slaves--nine males and four females, all black except for one mulatto, ranging in age from 46 to 6--on Élie Comeau's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  Élie died near Plattenville in October 1853, age 54.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 14 slaves--12 males and two females, all black, ages 65 to 17--on Widow Élie Comeaux's farm in the parish's Tenth Ward between Eugène E. Comeaux and Maxille LeBlanc; these were the slaves of Élie's widow, Constance Landry.  Élie's daughter married into the Aubry and LeBlanc families.  Two of his four sons also created their own families on the upper Lafourche, but one of the lines, except for its blood, did not endure. 

Élie Joseph's oldest son, named unrecorded, died in Assumption Parish a day after his birth in January 1822,

Élie Joseph's second son Eugène E., probably Élie, born in Assumption Parish August 1824, married cousin Aureline, daughter of fellow Acadians Maxille LeBlanc and Marie Landry, at the Paincourtville church in January 1848; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted three slaves--a 28-year-old black female, and 2 black males, ages 6 and 4--on Eugène E. Comeaux's farm in the parish's Tenth Ward next to Widow Élie Comeaux and near Maxille LeBlanc.  Eugène E.'s daughters married into the Hébert and Landry families.  Did he father any sons? 

Élie Joseph's third son Paul Caiphas or Cleopha, called Cleopha, born in Assumption Parish in September 1826, married Léonelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon LeBlanc and Basille Babin, at the Paincourtville church in June 1849.  Their son Célestin Vileor was born near Paincourtville in April 1850, Adrien Elevoide in May 1851, Joseph Simon in January 1856, Adam Élie in March 1857 but died the following May, Édouard Lucien was born in March 1858, and Cleopha Prosper in December 1859 but died the following April.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted four slaves--three males and one female, all blacks, ranging age from 34 to 16, living in one house--on Cleophas Comeaux's farm next to Widow Simon LeBlanc in the parish's Tenth Ward.  One of Cleopha's sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Célestin Vileor married first cousin Marie Alice, daughter of fellow Acadian Terence LeBlanc and his Creole wife Elina Simoneaux, his maternal uncle and aunt, at the Paincourtville church in January 1869; they had to secure a dispensation for second degree of consanguinity in order to marry. 

Élie Joseph's fourth and youngest son Joseph Telesphore, called Telesphore, born in Assumption Parish in August 1831, died there at age 6 in January 1838. 

Joseph's sixth and youngest son Eugène-Florentin, by second wife Marie-Madeleine Blanchard, born at Assumption in October 1801, married Henriette, also called Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Hébert and Marie Marguerite Adélaïde Landry of Ascension Parish, at the Plattenville church in January 1820.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 17 slaves--nine males and eight females, all black, ranging in age from 55 years to 6 months--on Eugène Comeau's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District; this probably was Eugène Florentin.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 43 slaves on Eugène Comeaux's plantation in the parish's Ninth Ward on Bayou Lafourche next to L. O. Comeaux.  Eugène died near Plattenville in October 1864.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Eugène died at "age 60 years," but he was 63.  His daughter married into the Noveret family.  His two sons also created their own families on the upper Lafourche. 

Older son Jules, born in Assumption Parish in January 1823, married Victorine, daughter of Louis Darbois or Verbois and his Acadian wife Marie Carmelite Bourgeois, at the Plattenville church in January 1843.  Their son François Richard was born near Plattenville in January 1849; Hippolyte, also called Galbert, was born in July 1850 but died the following December; and Jules Omer was born in September 1857.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted two slaves--both black females, ages 45 and 15--on Jules Comeaux's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  He and his family may have resided briefly at Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in the mid-1850s.  His daughter married into the Blanchard family in St. James Parish. 

Eugène's second son Louis Octave, called Octave, born in Assumption Parish in February 1832, married Louise Marie, daughter of William A. Sims and Éloise Marie Sims, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1856; the marriage also was recorded at the Plattenville church.  In August 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted a single slave--a 26-year-old black female--on L. O. Comeaux's farm in the parish's Ninth Ward on Bayou Lafourche next to Eugène Comeaux's plantation. 

Étienne (c1760-1819) à Étienne à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Étienne, also called Charles, second son of Alexis Comeau and Marguerite Babin and twin brother of Pierre, born probably in Maryland in c1760, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and siblings in 1768, followed them to San Luìs de Natchez and then to San Gabriel, where he married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Blanchard and Marie-Jeanne Landry, in May 1792.  Étienne died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in December 1819.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Étienne was age 65 when he died, but he was closer to 60.  His daughters married into the Gil, Landry, and Templet families.  His two sons settled at St. Gabriel and died young, but not before they married and had sons of their own.  Étienne's grandsons settled at Baton Rouge. 

Older son Joseph-Valéry, called Valéry, born at San Gabriel in August 1793, married cousin Marcelline, daughter of fellow Acadians Grégoire Babin and Marine LeBlanc, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in June 1819; they had to secure a dispensation for consanguinity and relationship in order to marry.  Valéry died near St. Gabriel in November 1822, age 29.  His son created his own family on the river. 

Only son Jean or John Dugregey, called Dugregey and John D., born near St. Gabriel in April 1820, married Doralise Virginie, daughter of fellow Acadians Rémi Doiron and Julie Richard, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in February 1845.  Their son Alfred Valéry was born near Baton Rouge in December 1847, and Théodore Victor in March 1850. 

Étienne's younger Gilbert, born at San Gabriel in October 1798, married Constance, daughter of George Kleinpeter and Margarita Judith Rither, at the Baton Rouge church in April 1820.  Their son Étienne le jeune was born near St. Gabriel in August 1822; and Gilbert, fils in December 1830.  Gilbert, père died near St. Gabriel in January 1832, age 33.  His married son settled at Baton Rouge. 

Second son Gilbert, fils married Mary Anne, also called Susan, daughter of James West and Nancy Hawes, at the Baton Rouge church in January 1852.  Their son Robert was born near Baton Rouge in October 1862.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in East Baton Rouge Parish counted eight slaves--four males and four females, all black, ranging in age from 70 to 3, living in two houses--on Gilbert Comeaux's farm.   Gilbert, fils died near Baton Rouge in May 1865, age 34.  He was buried "in the Kleinpeter cemetery."  Was his death war-related? 

Pierre (c1760-?) à Étienne à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Pierre, third son of Alexis Comeau and Marguerite Babin and twin brother of Étienne, was born probably in Maryland in c1760.  He came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and siblings in 1768, followed them first to San Luìs de Natchez and then to San Gabriel, where he married Claire, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Charles Breau and Marie-Josèphe Landry, in January 1785.  Their daughter married into the Domingue family.  Pierre and Claire may have had no sons or at least none who survived childhood, so this line of the family, except for its blood, probably died with him. 

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A family of three more Comeaus emigrated to Louisiana directly from St.-Domingue in the late 1760s and created a small family line on the Lower Acadian Coast:   

Charles (c1725-?) à Étienne à Pierre Comeau

Charles, third and youngest son of Alexandre Comeau and Marguerite Doucet, born posthumously at Port-Royal in October 1725, was deported to Connecticut in 1755.  He married Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Babineau dit Deslauriers and Marguerite Dugas, probably in Connecticut in c1758.  Marguerite used the surname Deslauriers, not Babineau.  They were still in Connecticut in 1763.  Later that year or early the following year, they followed other Acadians from the New England colonies to French St.-Domingue.  Their marriage was blessed at La Mirebalais on the island in September 1764.  They lost at least three young sons during their shore stay on the island.  They were among the few Acadians who emigrated to Louisiana directly from St.-Domingue, probably in the late 1760s, perhaps with one of the Acadian parties from Maryland that transshipped at Cap-Français in 1767 or 1768.  With them was a daughter who had been born probably in Connecticut in c1762.  They at Cabahannocer on the Lower Acadian Coast and had more children in Louisiana, including another son.  Spanish officials counted them on the left, or east, bank of the river at Cabahannocer in 1777.  Daughter Anne married into the Bernard, Gaudet, and Levert families.  Only one of their four sons, the one born in Louisiana, created a family of his own.  He remained at Cabahannocer, later St. James Parish, one of the few Comeaux families to settle there.  Charles's grandsons and great-grandsons settled near Convent. 

Oldest son Joseph, perhaps a twin, born in Connecticut in c1759, died at La Mirebalais, St.-Domingue, age 5, in September 1764.

Charles's second son Pierre, perhaps Joseph's twin, born in Connecticut in c1759, died at La Mirebalais, St.-Domingue, age 5, in October 1764.

Charles's third son Joseph, the second son so named, born at La Mirebalais, St.-Domingue, in November 1766, probably died soon after birth.  

Charles's fourth and youngest son François, born probably at Cabahannocer in c1767, married Marguerite, daughter of Pierre Charpentier and Jeanne Moutard of New Orleans, at Cabahannocer in February 1790.  Later in the decade they lived for a time at St.-Jean-Baptiste on the Upper German Coast, where François was called a "creole" in a daughter's baptismal record in August 1798.  François died at Cabahannocer in August 1799, age 33.  His daughter married into the Guidry family.  Only his younger son had sons of his own; he and his descendants remained in St. James Parish.  

Older son Charles le jeune, born at Cabahannocer in July 1793, married Marie Josephine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Marie Bourgeois dit Cabot and Hélène LeBlanc, at the Convent church, St. James Parish, in April 1817.  Charles le jeune died near Convent in October 1819.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Charles was age 28 when he died, but he was 26.  His daughter married into the Mire family.  He and his wife probably had no sons, so this line of the family, except for its blood, may have died with him.  

François's younger son François-Célestin, called Célestin, born at Cabahannocer in November 1795, married Scholastique, daughter of Jacques Caillouet and his Acadian wife Scholastique Theriot, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in September 1822.  Their son Célestin Numa, called Numa, was born near Convent across the river in September 1823; Thomas H. in August 1828 but died at age 15 in November 1843; Jacques or James Casimir was born in March 1829[sic]; and their infant son, named unrecorded, died in July 1832.  Célestin died near Convent in December 1848.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Célestin died at "age 50 yrs.," but he was 53.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted four slaves--two males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 15 to 9--on Ww. Cn. Comeau's farm in the parish's eastern district; these probably were the slaves of Célestin's widow, Scholastique Caillouet.  Célestin's only married son settled near Convent before moving to Bayou Lafourche after the War of 1861-65. 

Oldest son Numa died near Convent in October 1855, age 32.  He probably did not marry. 

Célestin's third son Jacques Casimir, called James Como by the recording priest, married Azélia, daughter of fellow Acadian Olivier Thibodeaux and his Creole wife Azélie Hymel, at the Convent church in November 1857.  Did Jacques "anglicize" his name, or was this simply what the Convent priest recorded?  Their son Numa Félicien was born near Convent in June 1861; Joseph Jacques in November 1863; Louis Noe Vincent in August 1867; and Thomas Félix near Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish, in September 1870. 

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The arrival date of three more Comeaus--two wives and a widower--who settled on the Acadian Coast is anyone's guess, but they likely reached the colony in the late 1760s.  One came from the French island of Martinique.  The others may have come from Halifax, Maryland, or, more likely, directly from St.-Domingue.  The widower established another small family line on the Lower Acadian Coast: 

Joseph (?-?) à ? à Pierre Comeau

Joseph Comeau was a widower when he came to Louisiana in the late 1760s, his wife Anne Bourgeois having died during Le Grand Dérangement.  Joseph remarried to Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Babineau dit Deslauriers and Marguerite Dugas, at Cabahannocer in January 1768; this made him a brother-in-law of the Charles Comeau who had come to the colony directly from French St.-Domingue about the same time.  Madeleine, a native of Annapolis Royal, was exiled with her family to Connecticut in 1755, followed them to St.-Domingue in the early 1860s, and came to Louisiana from St.-Domingue in the late 1760s with her sister and brother-in-law.  She and Joseph settled at Cabahannocer, where she gave him more children.  Joseph does not appear in either the January 1777 or March 1779 censuses at St.-Jacques, so he probably had died by then.  His daughter married into the St. Pierre family.  His son by his second wife died young, but Joseph's older son by his first wife, though he, too, had died by 1777, managed to father a son by then, though one wonders if the line endure

Older son Charles, by first wife Anne Bourgeois, born probably in British Nova Scotia in c1749, married cousin Marie, daughter of Jean Marquis and his Acadian wife Marie Comeau, at Cabahannocer in January 1773.  Charles died at Cabahannocer in February 1775, age 26. 

Only son François, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in September 1774, married Euphrosine, daughter of François Croiset and Jeanne Carrière, at Cabahannocer in January 1800.  Their son Godefroi died at Cabahannocer 9 days after his birth in November 1800, Laurent was born in August 1803, and Jean François posthumously in June 1814.  François died in St. James Parish in January 1814.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Francois died at "age about 37 yrs.," but he was closer to 40.  Did his family line survive?

Joseph's younger son Louis, by second wife Madeleine Deslauriers, died at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in February 1773. 

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The largest contingent of Comeaus to go to Louisiana did not arrive until 20 years after the first of their kinsmen came to the colony.  Half a dozen Comeau families, 30 individuals in all, crossed on six of the Seven Ships from France in 1785.  Most of them chose to settle in river communities, though only one of the lines endured there.  Others helped create a new center of family settlement on upper Bayou Lafourche. 

The first of them--a wife and her 2-year-old Comeau son--crossed on La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-August 1785.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  No new family line came of it:

Jean-Baptiste, fils (1783-?) à Alexis à Claude à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Jean-Baptiste, fils, son of Jean-Baptiste Comeau and Marie-Madeleine-Adélaïde Landry, was born at St.-Similien, Nantes, France, in December 1783.  His father, a sailor, remained in France, but his mother took Jean-Baptiste, fils to Louisiana in 1785 and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Jean-Baptiste may have died young, taking his line of the family with him.  

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Three more Comeaus--a husband and his wife and two wives and their families--crossed on Le Beaumont, the third of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in late August 1785.  They went to the river and the upper Lafourche.  No new family lines came of it:

Charles (c1748-1775?) à Étienne à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Charles, son of Jean Comeau and Marguerite Turpin, was born on Île Royale in c1748.  In February 1752, a French official counted him with his widowed father and four siblings on the north shore of Île Madame off the southern coast of Île Royale.  He was deported to France with his brother David and sister Marguerite and her husband, Jean Dupont of Louisbourg, aboard the English transport Duke William, which reached St.-Malo in December 1758.  He resided at St.-Malo from 1758 to 1761 and at nearby Plouër from 1761 to 1764 before going to Cayenne, French Guyenne, in South America, aboard the ship Le Fort in April 1764.  He soon returned to France, where he married fellow Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Louis Clossinet dit Moulin and Marguerite Longuépée and widow of Pierre-Mathurin Girard dit Dumoulin.  She was 21 years older than Charles!  They came to Louisiana in 1785 and followed the majority of their fellow passengers to Baton Rouge.  Charles may have died at Cabahannocer, downriver from Baton Rouge, in February 1775, age 26.  He evidently fathered no children, so his line of the family died with him.

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Two more Comeaus--a 71-year-old with his second wife and a much younger bachelor cousin--crossed on Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early September 1785.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche, where the younger Comeau, recently married, helped create a third center of family settlement:

Honoré (c1714-1780s) à Jean l'aîné à Pierre Comeau

Honoré, oldest son of Jean-Baptiste Comeau and Anne-Marie Thibodeau of Minas, born at Ste.-Famille, Pigiguit, in c1714, married Marguerite, daughter of Michel Poirier and Marie Chiasson of Beaubassin, at Beaubassin in January 1735 and settled there or at Pigiguit before moving on to the French Maritimes in c1741.  According to Bona Arsenault, between 1737 and 1751, Marguerite gave Honoré seven children, five daughters and two sons.  In August 1752, a French official counted Honoré, his wife, and six children, five daughters and a son, at Malpèque on the north shore of Île St.-Jean.  The family escaped the British roundup on the island in late 1758 and may have waited out the war somewhere in the Maritimes, or, more likely, they escaped from Île St.-Jean to the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore, fell into British hands, became prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s, and followed other Acadians from Halifax to Île Miquelon in 1763.  French officials counted Honoré, Marguerite, and four of their children--Anne, Monique, Marguerite, and Joseph--on the island in 1767.  That year, when Miquelon and nearby Île St.-Pierre had become overcrowded, French officials insisted the Acadians there be resettled in France.  By 1772, Honoré, now a widower, was living at Cherbourg.  A year later, he and his son Joseph participated in a settlement scheme in Poitou.  When the venture collapsed in 1775, they retreated with dozens of other Poitou Acadians to the port city of Nantes.  Meanwhile, Honoré's daughter Marguerite married into the Broussard family at Cherbourg, in July 1773.  Honoré's daughter Anne, widow of Grégoire Morin, remarried into the Le Clerc family of St.-Malo on Île Miquelon in October 1774, so some of his family must have returned there after the French "deportation" of the late 1760s.  Honoré, at age 70, remarried to Anastasie, 45-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Célestin dit Bellemère and Marie Landry and widow of Jean-Baptiste Boudrot, at St.-Martin de Chantenay near Nantes in August 1784.  He, his wife, and two Boudrot stepsons emigrated to Louisiana in 1785 and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Honoré, in fact, was one of the oldest Acadian exiles to go to the Spanish colony.  He died there by January 1788, in his early 70s, when his wife was called a widow in a Bayou Lafourche census.  His surviving son Josesph created a family in France, returned to Île Miquelon, and was deported to France again, but he did not follow his father to Louisiana. 

Mathurin (c1760-1805) à Claude à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Mathurin, oldest son of Simon Comeau and Marie-Madeleine Thériot, was born at Bristol, England, in August 1760.  His father died there soon after his birth.  In May 1763, Mathurin followed his widowed mother to France aboard La Dorothée and lived with her at Plouër, near St.-Malo, that year, and at nearby St.-Servan from 1764 to 1765.  His mother remarried to a widowed Thériot cousin in July 1766 but died in May the following year, age 28.  Mathurin was raised probably by relatives and became a sailor in France.  He crossed to Louisiana in 1785, still a bachelor, and married fellow passenger Sophie-Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Hébert and his second wife Marie Benoit, at New Orleans in October 1785, soon after they reached the city on the same vessel.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Mathurin died by May 1805, when his wife remarried at Assumption on the upper bayou.  His daughters married into the Bélanger family.  Only one of his four sons married.  Moreover, he settled in Terrebonne Parish, the first of the Comeauxs to go there. 

Oldest son Jean-Charles, born at Ascension on the river in December 1790, probably died young.  

Mathurin's second son Jean-Pierre, born at Assumption in July 1799, married Marie Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Julien Crochet and his Creole wife Marguerite Belanger, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in January 1823.  Jean died in Terrebonne Parish in November 1848.  The Houma priest who recorded his burial said that Jean died "at age 51 yrs.," but he was 49.  Apetition for succession inventory in his name was filed at the Houma courthouse in May 1855.  His daughters married into the Belanger, Bergeron, and Marcel families.  One of his three sons also created this own family in Terrebonne Parish.

Oldest son Henry Julien, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in March 1831, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Jean-Pierre's second son Jean Baptiste, born in Terrebonne Parish in February 1833, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Jean-Pierre's third and youngest son Jean Élie, called Élie, born in Terrebonne Parish in April 1835, married Marie Lutetia, called Lutetia, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Bergeron and Joséphine Pitre, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in October 1855.  Their son Désiré Lucian was born in Terrebonne Parish in July 1857, Henri Alfred in December 1858, and Ernest Albert near Montegut in August 1869. 

Mathurin's third son Charles-Raymond, born at Assumption in August 1801, may have died young. 

Mathurin's fourth and youngest son Jean-Baptiste-Zéphirin, born at Assumption in April 1803, also may have died young. 

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Eight more Comeaus--a family of seven and a Comeau wife--crossed on L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early November 1785.  The wife and her husband chose to go to Attakapas, and the family followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Despite the size of the family, no new family line resulted.

Benoît (c1737-?) à Pierre l'aîné dit L'Esturgeon à Pierre Comeau

Benoît, only son of Maurice Comeau and Marguerite Thibodeau, born at Chepoudy in c1737, followed his parents into exile and into imprisonment in Nova Scotia.  Benoît married fellow Acadian Anne Blanchard of Petitcoudiac at Halifax in c1762.  They evidently followed his parents to Chédabouctou and to Île Miquelon in 1764.  According to Bona Arsenault, Anne gave Benoît two sons in 1763 and 1765.  They followed his parents to France in 1767 and settled at Cherbourg, where, from 1769 to 1773, Anne gave Benoît three daughters.  He worked at Cherbourg as a carpenter.  Along with hundreds of other Acadians in the coastal cities, Benoît and his family may have been part of a settlement scheme in Poitou in the early 1770s and retreated to the port city of Nantes in late 1775 or early 1776.  Anne gave Benoît another daughter at Chantenay, near Nantes, in 1779.  The family, which now included a son and three daughters, emigrated to Louisiana in 1785.  Anne was pregnant on the voyage and give birth to another daughter at sea.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Benoît's daughters married into the Richard, Hébert, LeBlanc, Guillot, and Chiasson families on the bayou and the river.  One of his daughters settled in the Opelousas District.  His youngest daughter was one of the last Acadian immigrants in Louisiana to join our ancestors.  His only surviving son evidently did not create a family of his own. 

Only son Jean, born probably on Île Miquelon in c1766, followed his family to Cherbourg, France, in the late 1760s, to Louisiana in 1785, and to upper Bayou Lafourche.  He does not seem to have married, so his family line, except for its blood, probably died with him.  

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Fourteen more Comeaus--nine in one family, five in another led by a widow, and a wife and her family, the largest single group of Comeaus to come to Louisiana--crossed on La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early December 1785.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores north of Baton Rouge, but they did not remain there.  Two of the sons settled at Baton Rouge, but only one of the lines there endured.  The other sons joined their cousins on upper Bayou Lafourche and created three more family lines there: 

Simon (c1760-1805) à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Simon, oldest son of Jean-Baptiste Comeau and Marie Aucoin, born probably at Rivière-aux-Canards, in c1741, followed his family to Virginia in 1755 and to England in 1756.  He married cousin Marguerite-Geneviève Aucoin in England in c1763, on the eve of repatriation.  In May 1763, Simon, his bride, and his two younger brothers sailed aboard La Dorothée to St.-Malo, France, with dozens of other Acadian refugees who had been held in England and repatriated to France.  Simon took his family to Plouër and to nearby St.-Servan in 1766.  Between 1764 and 1785, Marguerite gave Simon 11 children, six daughters and five sons, only one of whom, a son, died very young.  Two of their daughters also may have died young.  They did not follow their fellow exiles from England to Belle-Île-en-Mer in November 1765, nor did they participate in the settlement scheme in Poitou in the early 1770s.  Instead, they remained at St.-Servan, where Simon may have worked in the maritime trade.  Simon, Marguerite, and eight of their children, four sons and four daughters, ages 21 to infant, emigrated to Louisiana in 1785.  After a series of hurricanes decimated the Bayou des Écores community in the early 1790s, Simon took most of his family to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Marguerite either did not survive the voyage or their time at Bayou des Écores; she died by December 1795, when Simon was counted in an upper Lafourche census without a wife.  Simon died in Assumption Parish on the upper bayou in June 1818, age 77.  Three of his daughters married into the Bourg, Aucoin, Marion, Renaud, and Poulosky or Pulasky families at Bayou des Écores and on the Lafourche.  All four of his sons married and settled at Baton Rouge or on the upper Lafourche. 

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, born at St.-Servan near St.-Malo, France, in May 1771, followed his parents and siblings to Louisiana and Bayou des Écores, where he married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Bourg and his first wife Anne-Josèphe Daigre, in February 1792.  When his family moved on to the upper Lafourche, Jean-Baptiste and Marie-Josèphe went, instead, to Baton Rouge.  Their daughter married into the Hommie family.  Jean Baptiste remarried to Julie Thérèse, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Bourg and Modeste Molaison, probably at Baton Rouge in the late 1790s.  Their daughters married into the Longuépée family.  Only his oldest son seems to have created a family of his own, in West Baton Rouge Parish. 

Oldest son Simon-Pierre, by second wife Julie Bourg, born at Baton Rouge in December 1797, married Marie Rose, daughter of François Seguin and Pélagie ____, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in January 1824.  They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Simon Jean Baptiste was born in October 1824, Auguste or Augustin was born in September 1826 but died at age 2 in September 1828, and Gilbert was born in March 1840.  One of his two surviving sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Simon Jean Baptiste "of West Baton Rouge Parish" married Irma, daughter of André Lemoine and Brigitte Paillot of West Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church in July 1846.  They settled near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Émile was born in March 1848, and Amédée in December 1851.  Their daughter married into the Legendre family.  Simon Jean Baptiste remarried to first cousin Julie Ludivine, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Longuépée and Sophie Comeaux, his paternal uncle and aunt, at the Brusly church in May 1859; they had to secure a dispensation for second degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Joseph Aristide was born probably at Brusly in March 1860. 

Jean-Baptiste's second son Jean, by second wife Julie Bourg, baptized at Baton Rouge, age 1, in August 1801, may have died young. 

Jean-Baptiste's third son Alexis, by second wife Julie Bourg, born probably at Baton Rouge in c1804, died near Baton Rouge in November 1844, age 40.  The priest who recorded Alexis's burial did not give his parents' names or mention a wife, so one wonders if he was a son of Jean Baptiste and if he ever married. 

Jean-Baptiste's fourth and youngest son Thomas, by second wife Julie Bourg, born at Baton Rouge in 1808, may have died young. 

Simon's second son Alexandre-Simon, also called Alexis, born at St.-Servan near St.-Malo, France, in March 1775, followed his parents and siblings to Louisiana and Bayou des Écores.  By the mid-1790s, he was living with his family on upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marguerite-Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians François Blanchard and Hélène Giroir, at Assumption in February 1799.  Marguerite-Anne was a native of Nantes, France, and had come to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié in 1785.  Alexandre died in Assumption Parish in July 1837, age 62.  His daughters married into the Bertrand and Hayes families, and perhaps into the Vining family as well.  One, perhaps two, of them settled on lower Bayou Teche.  Six of his seven sons married.  The two older ones remained on Bayou Lafourche.  The four younger ones moved to lower Bayou Teche during the antebellum period, but two of them returned to Assumption Parish in the 1850s. 

Oldest son Simon-Joseph, called Simonet and Simonin, born at Assumption in November 1799, married Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Gaudet and Eulalie Guédry, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1825.  Their son Simonet Jean Baptiste, called Jean Baptiste, was born in Assumption Parish in September 1827; Antoine Désiré in May 1832; and Édouard Désiré in January 1839.  Simonet died near Plattenville in October 1854, age 55.  His daughters married into the Aucoin, Bertrand, David, Foret, Friou, and Hébert families.  Only one of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste, at age 38, married Eveline, daughter of fellow Acadians André Boudreaux and Pauline Foret and widow of François Gaspard, at the Plattenville church in April 1865; they had to secure a dispensation for second degree of affinity in order to marry.  Their son Paul Homer was born near Plattenville in January 1866, and Alcide in May 1868. 

Simonet's second son Antoine Désiré died near Plattenville, Assumption Parish, in March 1855, age 27.  He did not marry. 

Alexandre-Simon's second son Apollinaire, born at Assumption in February 1801, died in June 1819, age 18, before he could marry. 

Alexandre-Simon's third son François, baptized at Assumption, age unrecorded, in March 1803, married Rose Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Francois Georges Bourg and Adélaïde Bertrand, at the Plattenville church in February 1825.  Their son Adrien François was born in Assumption Parish in August 1828, and Marcellin posthumously in July 1830.  François died in Assumption Parish in December 1829.  The priest who recorded his burial said that François was age 28 when he died, but he probably was closer to 25.   His younger son followed his uncles to St. Mary Parish. 

Younger son Marcellin "of St. Mary Parish" married Lucie or Lucille, daughter of fellow Acadians Apollinaire Girouard and Marie Théotiste Aucoin, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in September 1857.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted two slaves--a 21-year-old black female, and an 8-month-old black male, living in their own house--on Marcelin Comeaux's farm in the parish's Fourteenth Ward along Bayou L'Ours.  Marcellin joined his uncles in St. Mary Parish in the early 1860s but returned to upper Bayou Lafourche later in the decade.  Marcellin died near Paincourtville, Assumption Parish, in December 1868.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Marcelin died at "age ca. 37 years," but he was 38.  He was one of the few Comeauxs who lived in Lafourche Parish.

Alexandre Simon's fourth son Antoine Eusèbe, born at Assumption in December 1804, married fellow Acadian Elisa LeBlanc in a civil ceremony in St. Mary Parish on lower Bayou Teche, in October 1829.  They lived in Assumption Parish before returning to the lower Teche, where Antoine became a major planter in St. Mary Parish.  Their son Désiré was born in Assumption Parish in June 1834, Alexandre Aristide near New Iberia in June 1846, and Joseph Ernest in August 1849.  Antoine Eusèbe and Elisa's daughter married into the Charpentier family.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in St. Mary Parish counted 34 slaves--23 males and 11 females, all black, ranging in age from 80 to 1--on Antoine Comeaux's plantation.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Mary Parish counted 77 slaves on Antoine Comeau's plantation in the parish's western district--enough to make him one of the state's major planters.  Antoine, at age 60, remarried to Anne or Anna Raymond, daughter of Bertrand Audibert and Marie Bertrande Mistrot, at the New Iberia church, then in St. Martin but now in Iberia Parish, in March 1864.  They settled near New Iberia.  Only his oldest son, who returned to Assumption Parish, married before 1870. 

Oldest son Désiré married Clara Bertrand probably in St. Mary Parish in the late 1850s or early 1860s.  They returned to upper Bayou Lafourche during the 1860s, perhaps soon after the War of 1861-65.  Their son Félix was born near Plattenville in May 1866, and Jean Edgard in March 1870. 

Alexandre Simon's fifth son Jean Baptiste le jeune, born in Assumption Parish in November 1807, married Marie Adèle, daughter of fellow Acadians Auguste Doiron and Anne Daigle, in a civil ceremony in St. Mary Parish in January 1836, and sanctified the marriage at the Plattenville church the following month.  Evidently they lived in Assumption Parish before joining his brothers on lower Bayou Teche.  They returned to upper Bayou Lafourche in the early 1850s.  Their son Armand was born near New Iberia in May 1842; Jean Baptiste Orestile near Pattersonville, St. Mary Parish, in February 1849; and Auguste Aurelien near Plattenville in July 1854.

Alexandre Simon's sixth son Alexandre Simon, fils, born in Assumption Parish in July 1809, married Augustine, also called Azema, daughter of Adélard Verret and Augustine Gation, in a civil ceremony in St. Mary Parish in July 1832, and sanctified the marriage at the Plattenville church in April 1833.  Evidently they, too, lived in Assumption Parish before joining his brothers on lower Bayou Teche.  Their son Joseph Sérpahin was born in Assumption Parish in December 1834, Louis Telesphore in September 1836, and Édouard in either Assumption or St. Mary Parish in the late 1830s or early 1840s.  Alexandre, fils's succession record was filed at the Franklin courthouse, St. Mary Parish, in January 1852.  He would have been age 43 that year.  Only one of their three sons married before 1870.

Youngest son Édouard married Teresa, daughter of Auguste Trastour and ____ Barrabino, at the Charenton church, St. Mary Parish, in July 1864.  They settled near Franklin. 

Alexandre Simon, père's seven and youngest son Louis François, born in Assumption Parish in November 1815, married Nancy, daughter of Conrad Hartman, in a civil ceremony in St. Mary Parish in February 1843.  Their son Antoine Ferdinand was born near Pattersonville, St. Mary Parish, in November 1849; François Louis in September 1853; Conrad Adolphe, called Adolphe, in March 1855; Alcide Didiere probably near Plattenville in February 1864 but died there at age 2 in June 1866; David was born near Plattenville in February 1866; and Joseph Alexandre in January 1870.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in St. Mary Parish counted two slaves--both males, both black, both 40 years old--on Louis Comeaux's farm.  He and his family were living near Morgan City, at the southern end of St. Mary Parish, in 1861, but the baptismal records of their children show that they returned to upper Bayou Lafourche later in the decade. 

Simon's third son Pierre-Paul, born at St.-Servan near St.-Malo, France, in August 1776, followed his parents and siblings to Louisiana and to Bayou des Écores.  By the mid-1790s, he was living with his family on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Spanish officials were still counting him there with his widowed father a few years later.  Pierre-Paul married Marie-Clémence, called Clémence, daughter of René dit Simon Simoneaux and his first wife Isabelle-Luce Daigle, an Acadian, at Assumption in the early 1800s.  Pierre Paul died by March 1821, when he was listed as deceased in his youngest son's baptismal record.  His daughters married into the Giroir and Moïse families. Three of his four sons married, and one of them settled in Terrebonne Parish.  The others remained in Assumption Parish. 

Oldest son Eustache, in his early 40s, born in Assumption Parish in January 1808, married Rose Adélaïde, called Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Nicolas Thibodeaux and Mélanie Basilise Lejeune, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in September 1850.  His son Eustache Zémi or Ozémé, called Ozémé, was born at Bayou Black in August 1851; Joseph in September 1853; Alexis Octave in September 1857; Émile Adam, called Adam, in February 1860; Augustin Ernest in December 1861 but probably died at age 1 in December 1862; and Justin Trasimond, called Trasimond, was born in April 1864.  Eustache died in Terrebonne Parish in June 1866, age 58.   A "petition for inventory & tutor" was filed at the Houma courthouse for his children the following December. 

Pierre Paul's second son Simon Rosémond, born in Assumption Parish, in September 1811, married Azélie, also called Rosalie, Adèlie, and Arelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Hébert and Élisabeth Mazerolle, at the Plattenville church in December 1833.  Their son Adolphe was born near Plattenville in January 1850, and Joseph Ulysse in July 1853.  They also had an older son named Ursin.  Simon died near Plattenville in January 1866, age 54.  His daughters married into the Campeau, Crochet, and Landry families.  His only married son settled near Pierre Part on the north shore of Lake Verret. 

Oldest son Ursin married Sidalise, daughter of Marcellin Simoneaux and his Acadian wife Mélanie Landry, at the Plattenville church in September 1855.  Their son Joseph Osémé was born near Paincourtville in October 1856, Sylvestre Anatole Léonore near Pierre Part in December 1861, Jean Baptiste Sosthène in April 1864, and Émile Albert in July 1870. 

Pierre Paul's third son Alexandre Hyacinthe, born in Assumption Parish in September 1813, died at age 2 in August 1815.  

Pierre Paul's fourth and youngest son Louis Ulysse, born in Assumption Parish in March 1818, married Augustine, daughter of Augustin Campos and his Acadian wife Émelie Hébert, at Plattenville church in February 1839.  Their son Alexandre Merville was born near Plattenville in December 1844, Augustin Pierre in February 1847, Honoré in December 1848, Joseph Dosilia near Paincourtville in February 1851, and Étienne Désiré near Plattenville in December 1853.  Louis died near Plattenville in November 1854, age 36.  His daughter married a Simoneaux cousin. 

Oldest son Alexandre Merville may have been the Meuville Comeaux who died near Plattenville in December 1867.  The priest who recorded the burial did not give Meuville's parents' names or his age at the time of his death.  If this was him, he would have been age 23.  He probably did not marry. 

Simon's fourth and youngest son Joseph-Marie, born at St.-Servan near St.-Malo, France, in March 1785, followed his parents and siblings to Louisiana and to Bayou des Écores.  By the mid-1790s, they had moved to upper Bayou Lafourche, where Joseph, being the youngest child in his family, probably delayed creating a family of his own to care for his aging widowed father.  Joseph Marie, at age 37, married Marie Célesie, called Célesie, another daughter of Pierre Hébert and  Élisabeth Mazerolle, at the Plattenville church in January 1822, four years after his father died.  Joseph died in Assumption Parish in June 1850, age 65.  Only one of his four sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Joseph Léon, born in Assumption Parish in January 1826, may have been the Léon Comeaux who died near Plattenville in July 1870.  If so, he died at age 44.  Did he marry? 

Joseph Marie's second son Alexis Gédéon was born in Assumption Parish in August 1828.  Did he die young?  Did he marry? 

Joseph Marie's third son Jean Baptiste Duval, called Duval, born in Assumption Parish in February 1835, married Amelie, daughter of fellow Acadians Hippolyte Breaux and Hélène Duhon, at the Plattenville church in February 1859.  Their son Joseph Albert Ernest was born near Plattenville in September 1866. 

Joseph Marie's fourth and youngest son Alexandre Simon le jeune was born in Assumption Parish in May 1846, when his father was in his early 60s.  If he survived childhood, he did not marry by 1870. 

Élie-Marie (1765-1815) à Jean-Baptiste à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Élie-Marie, sometimes called Charles, oldest son of Joseph Comeau and Marie Thériot, born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in November 1765, followed his widowed mother and siblings to Louisiana and to Bayou des Écores, where he married Marie-Renée, also called Iréné, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon-Pierre Trahan and Marie-Josèphe Granger, in April 1795.  Marie-Renée also was a native of France and had come to Louisiana in 1785 aboard Le Beaumont.  After the Acadians abandoned Bayou des Écores in the early 1790s, they moved to Baton Rouge.  Élie died probably at Baton Rouge by November 1815, when his wife remarried at Baton Rouge.  His daughters married into the Lopez and Martinez families.  His only son may have died young, so only the blood of this family line endured. 

Only son Joseph-Célestin, baptized at Pointe Coupée, age 11 months, in May 1801, may have died young. 

Joseph-Mathurin (1767-?) à Jean-Baptiste à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Joseph-Mathurin, second son of Joseph Comeau and Marie Thériot, born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in September 1767, followed his widowed mother and siblings to Louisiana to Bayou des Écores.  He may have died young.  

Simon-Pierre (1769-?) à Jean-Baptiste à Jean le jeune dit Jean-Augustin à Pierre Comeau

Simon-Pierre, third and youngest son of Joseph Comeau and Marie Thériot, born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in October 1769, followed his widowed mother and siblings to Louisiana and to Bayou des Écores.  He also may have died young. 

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A Comeau wife arrived with her husband and children aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in late December 1785.  They were among the few Acadian immigrants from France who chose to settle in the Opelousas District.

Cormier

Cormiers emigrated early to French Acadia.  Robert Cormierborn in c1610, son perhaps of Abraham Cormier and Catherine Le Mayne of Dieppe, became a master ship's carpenter at La Rochelle.  In January 1644, while living in that port city, Robert signed an indenture calling for three years service at 120 livres per annum with Louis Tuffet, commander of Fort St.-Pierre, a post maintained by Cardinal Richelieu's Company on Cape Breton IslandAccompanied by wife Marie Péraud and two young sons, Thomas and Jean, Robert sailed from La Rochelle aboard Le Petit St.-Pierre and reached Fort St.-Pierre in late spring of 1644.  According to Acadian genealogist Bona Arsenault, after he fulfulled his indenture, Robert stayed on at Fort St.-Pierre, now St. Peter's, Nova Scotia, until 1650, when he took his family to Port-Royal.  Sometime in the 1650s, when trouble again shook the colony, Robert, Marie, and their younger son probably returned to La Rochelle, although Arsenault would have us believe that Robert remained at Port-Royal and died there in February 1712, age 101.  What is certain is that son Thomas, who turned 18 in 1654, the year the English seized Port-Royal again, remained in the colony despite the troubles erupting all around him.  He may have become a ship's carpenter like his father and worked in that capacity at Port-Royal, or he may have become an aboiteaux builder like most of his fellow immigrants.  

In 1668, at age 32, Thomas Cormier finally started a family of his own when he married Marie-Madeleine, called Madeleine, 14-year-old daughter of François Girouard and Jeanne Aucoin at Port-Royal Madeleine gave Thomas 10 children, first at Port-Royal, then at Chignecto, which Thomas helped to pioneer in the early 1670s.  Five of his six daughters married into the Boudrot, Haché dit Gallant, Cyr, and Poirier families.  All four of his sons married LeBlancs from Grand-Pré.  The sons remained at Chignecto, as did their sons.  The Cormiers, in fact, were among the few early Acadian families that did not branch out to other Fundy settlements.  Most of them settled at Menoudy and along Rivière-des-Hébert east of the Baie de Beaubassin.  Not until the petit dérangement of the early 1750s did members of the family leave Chignecto to escape the chaos in the region. 

Le Grand Dérangement of 1755 scattered this family to the winds.  Descendants of Thomas Cormier ended up in the British Atlantic colonies of South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts; in England; in eastern and northwestern New Brunswick; at Halifax; on the southern Gaspé Peninsula; up and down the St. Lawrence valley; at St.-Malo, France; in the Caribbean basin, especially in French St.-Domingue; on Cape Breton Island; in Newfoundland; on Île Miquelon; on the îles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; and in Louisiana.  

Cormiers were among the first Acadians to arrive in Louisiana.  Jean-Baptiste Cormier of Chignecto, with wife Madeleine Richard and five daughters, arrived at New Orleans in February 1764 from Savannah, Georgia, via Mobile with three other families from Chignecto who had been exiled to the southern British colonies.  The French caretaker government sent them to Cabahannocer on the Mississippi, above the German Coast.  During the late winter and spring of 1765, Jean-Baptiste's son Jean-Baptiste, fils, and two of his nephews, sons of older brother Pierre dit Palette of Chignecto, reached New Orleans from Halifax via Cap-Français with, or just after, the Broussards.  Jean-Baptiste, fils, the youngest of the three cousins, remained on the river with his parents, at least for a few years.  He married at Cabahannocer in c1768 and then followed his cousins to the western prairies, where he remarried.  Meanwhile, his first cousins, Joseph and Michel, settled in the Opelousas District. 

All three cousins created family lines on the southwestern prairies.  Cormier settlement patterns in Louisiana soon mirrored that of their Acadian ancestors before Le Grand Dérangement.  After Jean-Baptiste, père died at Cabahannocer in the late 1770s, no Acadian Cormier male remained on the Acadian Coast.  Even a relative of the Cormier cousins, who came to Louisiana from Haiti via Cuba in the early 1800s, moved to the prairies of St. Landry Parish, not to a settlement closer to New Orleans.  So the Cormiers concentrated in the prairie districts west of the Atchafalaya Basin much as they had done at Chignecto in old Acadia.  By the early 1800s, most of them (the majority descendants of Michel) could be found in a wide arc touching on three civil parishes, in over a half dozen communities--Grand Prairie, Anse La Butte, Beaubassin, and Carencro in what became Lafayette Parish; Grand Pointe in St. Martin Parish; and Grand Coteau, Prairie des Femmes, and Opelousas in St. Landry Parish.  Emulating their fellow Acadians, Cormiers moved westward and southward during the antebellum period deeper into the prairies and coastal marshes. 

Judging by the number of slaves they held during the late antebellum period, some members of the family lived comfortably on their farms and plantations on the western prairies.  A Cormier owned 56 slaves on his St. Martin Parish plantation in 1850.  That same year, another Cormier's widow held 24 slaves in St. Martin Parish.  A decade later, a third Cormier owned 28 slaves in St. Martin Parish, while his distant cousin Cormier held 30 slaves on his plantation near Carencro in Lafayette Parish.  The great majority of the Cormiers who owned slaves, however, owned fewer than the 20 needed to qualify as planters, and most members of the family held no slaves at all, at least none who appear on the federal slave schedules of the late antebellum period. 

During the War of 1861-65, Federal armies marched three times through the Teche and upper Vermilion valleys, including the Bayou Carencro area, and burned and pillaged many farms and plantations, some of them no doubt owned by Cormiers.  Thanks to these Federal incursions, emancipation came early to the area, with its resulting economic and social turmoil.  Confederate foraging parties and cutthroat Jayhawkers also plagued the area where Cormiers lived, adding to the family's misery.  Dozens of Cormiers served Louisiana in uniform during the war.  Most of them served honorably and returned to their loved ones after the fall of the Southern Confederacy.  The war took the lives of at least three Acadian Cormiers, at Vicksburg, Gettysburg, and along the Teche. 

After the war, seeking new opportunities in a free-labor Southern economy, especially as part of the burgeoning Louisiana rice industry, Cormiers moved west from their traditional enclaves into the prairies of Evangeline, Acadia, Jefferson Davis, and Calcasieu parishes, especially around Church Point, Rayne, Lyons Point, Mermentau, Lake Arthur, and Jennings.  Some moved south into Iberia, Vermilion, and Cameron parishes, especially around Abbeville, Maurice, Kaplan, and Creole.  The oil and natural gas industry that sprang up in the region during the early twentieth century lured more Cormiers to the western prairies and across the Sabine into east Texas.  A few moved to the urban centers of Baton Rouge and New Orleans.  Later in the twentieth century, as a result of military service and job opportunities in a material economy that Cajuns inevitably embraced, Cormiers became part of a new Acadian diaspora and moved to every corner of the United States.  However, according to a recent study of Louisiana families with French and Spanish surnames, most Cormiers have remained where their immigrant ancestors settled, in St. Landry, St. Martin, and especially Lafayette Parish, the heart of Acadiana.09  

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Cormiers came to Louisiana as early as February 1764: 

Jean-Baptiste, père (1709-?) à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Jean-Baptiste, second son of Pierre Cormier and Catherine LeBlanc, born at Chignecto in c1709, married Madeleine, daughter of Martin Richard and Marguerite Bourg, at Beaubassin in August 1733.  According to Bona Arsenault, between 1734 and 1753, Madeleine gave Jean-Baptiste six children, a son and five daughters, at Chignecto.  In 1755, the British deported Jean-Baptiste, Madeleine, and their daughters to Georgia, where they remained until 1763.  The British counted them in South Carolina in August 1763, but they did not remain there either.  Jean-Baptiste, Madeleine, and their five daughters returned to Georgia.  With other related families--Landrys, Poiriers, and Richards--they left Savannah for Mobile, formerly a part of French Louisiana, in December 1763 and reached New Orleans the following February--the first Acadian families to venture to the Mississippi colony.  Their daughters married into the Lemire dit Mire, Poirier, Landry, Girouard, and Bourg families.  Two settled on the western prairies near their brother, but the others remained on the river. 

Only son Jean-Baptiste, fils, born at Chignecto in 1742, became separated from his family during exile and likely was raised by relatives.  He came to Louisiana with the Broussards in February 1765 and either followed them to Bayou Teche before returning to the river, or he remained with his parents at Cabahannocer on the way to Bayou Teche.  He was counted in Verret's Company of the Cabahannocer militia in April 1766 and married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bourg and Marie Landry, in c1768 probably at Cabahannocer.  In the late 1770s, perhaps after his wife died, he moved on to the Attakapas District, where he remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Blanchard and Élisabeth Thériot of Annapolis Royal and widow of Joseph dit Vieux Richard, in January 1779.  They settled on the upper Vermilion at Grand Prairie, today's downtown Lafayette.  As was his duty, Jean-Baptiste, fils served in the Attakapas militia.  In 1779, in his late 30s, he participated with his company in Governor Galvèz's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Meanwhile, he and his wives did well at Attakapas.  In 1781, he owned 56 animals on his four-arpent farm at Grand Prairie.  In 1785, he owned a single slave.  By the 1790s, he had accumulated a sizable holding of 350 acres at Grand Prairie as well as 560 acres on the prairie west of Bayou Nezpique in a thinly-settled quarter of the Opelousas District.  The church records of South Louisiana do not contain a burial record for Jean-Baptiste, fils, but he was recorded as deceased in the marriage record of son Jean-Baptiste III in May 1796.  He would have been age 54 that year.  His daughters, all by first wife Marguerite, married into the Mouton, Richard, and Savoie families.  Like his father, Jean-Baptiste, fils fathered only one son. 

Jean-Baptiste III, also called Jean-Baptiste dit Mano and Baptiste, by first wife Marguerite Bourg, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in November 1775, married Marie-Apolline, called Apolline, Polone, or Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Claude Martin and Marie Babin of Grand Pointe on the upper Teche, at Attakapas in May 1796.  (Claude was a trustee of the Attakapas church, now St. Martin of Tours in St. Martinville.)  Jean-Baptiste III and Pauline settled at Anse La Butte on the upper Vermilion and at Grand Prairie.  He died "at his home at La grand prairie" in July 1808.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste was age 30 when he died, but he was closer to 33.  His daughters married into the Breaux, Dugas, and Mouton families.  Two of his four sons married, but only one of them had sons of his own. 

Oldest son Jean-Narcisse, called Narcisse and Narcisse dit Mano, born in February 1797, married Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Basile Chiasson and Marie Thibodeaux, at the St. Martinville church in April 1818.  Narcisse died at his home on Grand Prairie in February 1821, age 24.  Narcisse was buried in the cemetery of the new church at Grand Prairie, L'Église St.-Jean du Vermilion, now the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist in Lafayette.  His was one of the first interments there.  His succession record was filed at Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in May 1825.  His daughter married into the Ferguy family.  He fathered no sons, so his line of the family, except for its blood, died with him. 

Jean-Baptiste III's second son Jean-Baptiste-Luc, born in August 1798, died at age 6 in August 1804.

Jean Baptiste III's third son Valéry or Valière, born in August 1800, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Hébert and Élisabeth Duhon, at the Vermilionville church in November 1825.  Their son Valéry, fils was baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 1 1/2 months in October 1826; Jean Baptiste at age 21 days in August 1831 but died at age 4 (the priest said 6) in August 1835; Joseph Alexandre, called Alexandre, was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1835 but died at age 7 in September 1843; Émile Thelesmar was born in September 1839; Louis Adolphe, called Adolphe, in May 1841; Philippe Theseus in December 1847; and Henry Arctave in August 1850.  Valéry and Marguerite's daughters married into the Bouchez, Janet, and Monnier families.  Only two of his seven sons married and settled in Lafayette and St. Landry parishes.  

Oldest son Valéry, fils married Martha Louisa or Louise, daughter of Anglo Americans John and Elizabeth Montgomery, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1860.  Their son Joseph Ernest was born near Opelousas in February 1863; and Louis Adolphe, called Adolphe, named after his war-hero uncle, was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1864 but died at age 1 in November 1865.  During the War of 1861-65, Valéry, fils served in two units--Company D of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Mary Parish, in which he probably was a conscript; and Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against area Jayhawkers.  

During the war, Valéry, père's fourth son Émile Thelesmar served as a lieutenant in Company C of the 6th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Émile Thelesmar survived the war but did not marry.  

Valéry, père's fifth son Louis Adolphe also served as an officer in Company C of the 6th Louisiana Infantry.  He rose, in fact, to the rank of captain and commanded the company, but, unlike his older brothers, Adolphe did not survive the war.  Mortally wounded in action at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 July 1863, he died the following day surrounded by his comrades and some local ladies, and was buried on the Widow Wibles's farm north of Gettysburg, near the "back of the barn" in which he died, age 22.  In 1872, his remains were retrieved along with those of hundreds of other Confederate dead in the Gettysburg area and re-interred at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.

Valéry, père's seventh and youngest brother Henry Arctave was too young to serve in the war.  He married Mary Fanny Monnier in June 1870.  Their son Valéry le jeune was born in 1878, and Henry Arthur in 1880.  

Jean-Baptiste III's fourth and youngest son Célestin, born in February 1805, evidently did not marry. 

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Two Cormier brothers came to Louisiana from Halifax via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, in the spring of 1765 and settled at Opelousas: 

Joseph (c1740-1795) à Pierre à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Joseph, fifth son of Pierre dit Palette Cormier and Cécile Thibodeau of Chignecto,  had come to Louisiana with a year-old daughter and a very pregnant wife--Marguerite, daughter of Jacques Sonnier and Anne Hébert of Petitcoudiac, who he had married in exile in c1759.  Marguerite gave birth to twins daughters Félicité and Susanne at Opelousas soon after their arrival.  Joseph remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Michel and Jeanne Brea, and widow of Michel Brun and Victor Comeau, at Attakapas in April 1771 but remained at Bellevue in the Opelousas District.  In March 1768, Joseph, along with brother Michel, was among the 11 signers of a petition addressed to Spanish Governor Ulloa requesting assistance in the form of oxen and plows to help them grow wheat in the district.  In April, the governor, now angry with all Acadians in the colony, rejected the petition.  Joseph became a cattleman instead.  In 1771, the year of his second marriage, he owned 15 head of cattle.  Three years later, in 1773, he owned 78 head of cattle, 15 horses and mules, and 15 pigs.  By 1777, he owned 150 head of cattle, 15 horses, and 20 pigs.  His fortunes increased dramatically in the 1780s.  In 1788, on his 30-arpent vacherie on Bellevue Prairie south of Opelousas Post and on land he owned along Bayou Plaquemine Brûlé near present-day Church Point, Joseph ran 697 head of cattle and 60 horses, one of the largest herds in the district.  He also owned four slaves.  The year before, he was among the prominent cattle ranchers of the Opelousas District who "renewed demands that stray cattle 'in the woods and prairies of Plaquemines Brulées' be destroyed by firearms, because a few cattle from their own pens tended to join the strays during each winter pasturage."  Meanwhile, in January 1774, Joseph was one of seven residents who urged Opelousas District commandant Gabriel Fuselier de la Claire to construct a church for the district, which was done in 1776.  As was his duty, Joseph served in the Opelousas company of militia.  In 1776, he was a fusileer, described on the militia roll as 5 feet, 3 inches tall, an inch shorter than brother Michel.  Three years later, in their late 30s, Joseph and Michel participated with their company in Governor Gálvez's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Joseph died at Opelousas in August 1795, age 55.  His daughters by first wife Marguerite married into the Babineaux, Granger, and Thibodeaux families.  His daugher by second wife Anne married into the Arceneaux family.  Joseph fathered two sons, both by second wife Anne.  Both sons created families of their own, but one of their lines, that of younger son Joseph, fils, died off early, and that of older son Anaclet also came close to dying out.  Anne Michel died probably near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in June 1818, age 85, and outlived both of her Cormier sons.  Joseph's descendants remained at the southeastern edge of the old Opelousas District:  around Grand Coteau and Arnaudville in St. Landry Parish, and at Carencro in Lafayette Parish.   

Older son Anaclet, born at Opelousas in March 1772, married Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Victor Richard and Marie Brasseur, at Opelousas in July 1793.  They settled in the southeastern section of what became St. Landry Parish, near Grand Coteau.  Anaclet died in St. Landry Parish in c1810; he was only 38 years old; his succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in January 1811.  Judging by the number of times he appeared in church records as a witness to a marriage or as godfather to a neighbor's child, Anaclet must have been a respected member of his community.  His daughters married into the Guilbeau, Melançon, and Patin families.  His two sons married and created families of their own. 

Older son Paul, also called Hippolyte, baptized at the Opelousas church, age unrecorded, in November 1800, married cousin Adélaïde Mathurin, 17-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Richard and Isabelle Cormier, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1820; Adélaïde's mother was a daughter of grandfather Joseph's first cousin, Jean Baptiste Cormier, fils.  Their son Valsin Hippolyte, called Hippolyte, fils, was baptized at age 1 at the Grand Coteau church in April 1823.  Hippolyte died near Grand Coteau  in November 1827, age 27.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in October 1829, so he must have owned property in both parishes.  Hippolyte, père's daughters married into the Broussard and Guidry families. 

Only son Hippolyte, fils married Marcellite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guidry and Marie Bernard, at the Grand Coteau church in November 1846; the Grand Coteau priest and the St. Landry Parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.  Their son Hippolyte III was born near Grand Coteau in April 1852.  Their daughter married into the Bergeron (French Creole, not Acadian) family.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 35 to 2--on Hippolyte Cormier's farm.  Hippolyte, fils died near Grand Coteau in September 1851, age 30.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in January 1855. 

Anaclet's younger son Élisée, baptized at Opelousas, age 8 months, in November 1804, married Marie Christine or Célestine, called Christine, daughter of William Johnson of Copenhagen, Denmark, and Thérèse Ritter, at the Grand Coteau church  in January 1822.  Élisée and Christine's son Zéphirin was born near Grand Coteau in February 1825; Élisée, fils in January 1829 but died at age 2 1/2 in September 1831; and Joseph Numa was born in February 1843.  Evidently Élisée's marriage to a non-Acadian began a marked trend towards exogamy in this family line:  Élisée and Christine's daughters married into the Badeaux, Burleigh, Lalonde, Lanclos, Patin, and Rivet families; only one family, the Rivets, was Acadian.  Élisée remarried to Marguerite Hedwige, daughter French Creoles Pierre Bergeron and Eulalie Saizan and widow of André J. Chautin, at the Grand Coteau church in August 1850; Élisée was age 46 and Marguerite Hedwige age 50 at the time of the wedding, so she gave him no more children.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 45 to 18--on Élisée Cormier's farm.  Élisée died near Grand Coteau in January 1879, age 75.  Only his oldest son seems to have created a family of his own, and he, too, continued the family's propensity to marry non-Acadians: 

Oldest son Zéphirin, by first wife Christine Johnson, married Marie Azéline, called Azéline, daughter of French Creoles Alexandre Lanclos and Azéline Bergeron, at the Opelousas church in October 1848.  Their son Similien was born near Grand Coteau in c1849 but died at age 4 in September 1853; and Anaclet le jeune was born in November 1850 but died at age 11 in September 1861.  Zéphirin remarried to Marguerite, also called Marie Edvine or Edvise, Chautin, widow of Placide Marks, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in October 1855, and remarried again--his third marriage--to Marie Sidonise, called Sidonise, Bergeron, a French Creole, not an Acadian, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in August 1859; they sanctified the marriage at the Arnaudville church, St. Landry Parish, in March 1888.  Their daughter married into the Dupuis family.  Despite his age--he was 36 when war broke out--Zéphirin served briefly in the Grivot Rangers Company Louisiana Partisan Cavalry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought in southeastern Louisiana. 

Joseph's younger son Joseph, fils, born at Opelousas in c1776, married fellow Acadian Marie Thibodeaux probably at Attakapas in the late 1780s or early 1790s, and remarried to Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guilbeau and his second wife Marguerite Bourg, at Attakapas in October 1794.  They settled near Carencro.  Joseph, fils died probably at his home near Carencro in August 1811, age 34.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse, St. Landry Parish, in February 1824.  Daughter Marguerite Carmesile was born posthumously two months after her father died, survived childhood, and married into the Robichaux family.  His only son did not marry.  This family line, then, except for its blood, was buried with Joseph, fils

Only son Placide, by first wife Marie Thibodeaux, born at Attakapas in April 1792 and baptized at age 2 in June 1794, probably died young. 

Michel (1741-1790) à Pierre à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Michel, sixth son of Pierre dit Palette Cormier and Cécile Thibodeau of Chignecto, was a 24-year-old bachelor when he came to the colony with his brother Joseph and sister-in-law Marguerite Saulnier.  Michel married Anne dite Nanette, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Saulnier and Anne Hébert of Petitcoudiac and widow of Basil Babin, at Opelousas in c1769; Nanette was sister-in-law Marguerite's sister.  Michel and Nanette settled at Prairie des Femmes south of the Opelousas post.  Michel remarried twice, first to Catherine, daughter of Johann George Stelly and Christine Edelmayer of St.-Charles des Allemands, at Opelousas in c1774, and then to Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Breaux and Claire Trahan and widow of Étienne Benoit, at Attakapas in February 1789.  Like brother Joseph, Michel remained in Opelousas.  In March 1768, Michel, along with his brother, was among the 11 signers of a petition addressed to Spanish Governor Ulloa requesting assistance in the form of oxen and plows to help them grow wheat in the district; in April, the governor, now angry with all Acadians in the colony, rejected the petition.  After the revolt against Ulloa, in which he and his Opelousas comrades probably did not participate, he signed with his mark an unconditional oath of allegiance to Spain in December 1769.  In the years that followed, he became a cattleman, not a wheat farmer.  In August 1771, Governor Unzaga granted him 253.04 arpents of land, to be occupied and cultivated, on Bayou Bourbeaux between present-day Leonville and Arnaudville, St. Landry Parish.  His house at Prairie des Femmes on Bayou Bourbeaux, "built prior to 1773 ... on ground level with 'poteaux-en-terre, ... had bousillage walls, and a dirt floor, and a gallery or porch surrounding the house."  In 1771, the year he received his land grant, Michel owned 28 head of cattle.  Three years later, he owned 20 head of cattle, six horses and mules, and 16 pigs.  In 1777, he owned 50 head of cattle, 16 horses, and 16 pigs.  His fortunes increased dramatically in the 1780s.  In 1788, on his vacherie at Prairie des Femmes, Michel owned a herd of 130 cattle and 15 horses.  He also owned seven slaves.  Meanwhile, as was his duty, he served in the Opelousas company of militia.  He was a fusileer in 1776, described on the militia roll as 5 feet, 4 inches tall, an inch taller than his brother Joseph.  In the summer of 1779, he and brother Joseph participated with their company in Governor Gálvez's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Michel died at his home at Prairie des Femmes in December 1790, age 49, without benefit of sacraments.  According to family tradition, he was buried in what became the old yellow fever cemetery at present-day Washington, St. Landry Parish.  His daughter, by second wife Catherine, married into the Royer and Sutter families.  He fathered five sons by his first two wives; he had no children by his third wife.  All five of his sons created families of their own.  Michel's descendants drifted south into what became Lafayette Parish, clustering around Carencro and Côte Gelée.  After the War of 1861-65, some of them moved even farther south, into Iberia, Vermilion, and Cameron parishes, or westward to the prairies of present-day Acadia Parish.  An eastern contingent of Michel's descendants settled on upper Bayou Teche in St. Martin Parish.  After the war, like their Lafayette cousins, some of them moved westward, to the Vermilion and Calcasieu prairies, far from their Bayou Teche birthplaces.  Most of the Cormiers of South Louisiana (the author included) are descended from Michel of Prairie des Femmes, his sons, and grandsons: 

Oldest son Amand, by first wife Nanette Sonnier, born at Opelousas in October 1770 and baptized by a Pointe Coupée priest at Opelousas in April 1771, married Marie-Angèlle, called Angèlle, daughter of fellow Acadians Étienne Benoit and Madeleine Breaux of Carencro, at Opelousas in October 1790.  Angèlle's mother was his father's third wife, so Amand married his stepsister.  They settled at Grande Pointe on upper Bayou Teche before moving west to Carencro.  Amand died probably at Carencro in c1795, age 25.  His son was tutored by Amand's brother Michel, fils of Grand Pointe until the boy came of age. 

Only son Raphaël, born on Bayou Teche in December 1782, married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Melançon and Rose Doiron, at the St. Martinville church in June 1811.  The settled at Grand Pointe. Their son Colin Amand was born in May 1812; Paulin in February 1814 but died at age 3 months the following May; Jean Valmont was born in May 1815 but died at age 5 in October 1820; Pierre Philogène was born in February 1818 but died at age 14 in September 1832; Joseph Théogène was born in March 1820 but died at age 4 in November 1824; Simeon Valsin, also called Pierre Valsin, died at age 6 months in July 1828; and Alfred was born in November 1832.  Raphaël's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in January 1844; he would have been 51 years old that year.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--two males and three females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 3--on the Widow Raphaël Cormier's farm; this was Carmelite Melançon.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted eight slaves--two males and six females, seven blacks and one mulatto, ages 60 to 1--on the Widow Raphaël Cormier's farm.   Raphaël's daughters married into the Castille and Melançon families.  Only two of his seven sons, his oldest and youngest, survived childhood or youth and created families of their own.  Raphaël's sons and grandsons invariably married fellow Acadians, but several of his granddaughters married non-Acadians. 

Oldest son Colin Amand married Euphémie, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Guilbeau and Céleste Poirier, at the St. Martinville church in August 1833.  Their son Joseph Philogène was born in St. Martin Parish in February 1835, Alexandre in May 1837, Paulin in April 1839, Aristide in September 1841, and Raphaël le jeune in August 1846.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 56 slaves--30 males and 26 females, all black except for three mulattoes, ranging in age from 75 to 1--on Colin Amand Cormier's plantation.  In the same year, the federal census taker in Calcasieu Parish counted two more slaves--both black and both female, ages 40 and 18--on Colin Cormier's farm, so he must have owned land in that parish, too.  Colin Amand died in St. Martin Parish in September 1855, age 43.  One wonders what happened to his many slaves after his death.  (One also wonders who was the Colin Cormier who died "in Park," today's The Parks, near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in March 1861, age 60.  The Plaquemine priest who recorded the burial did not give any parents' names or mention a wife.)  Colin Amand's daughter married into the Huval family.  At least three of Colin Amand's sons created families of their own. 

During the War of 1861-65, third son Paulin served in Company D of the Orleans Guard Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought at Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862.  Paulin married Marie Eusèide or Zoide, daughter of fellow Acadians Auguste Benoit and his second wife Marie Eusède Guidry, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in August 1865.  They settled near Lake Arthur, once called Little Lake, then in Calcasieu but now in Jefferson Davis Parish.  Their son Alexandre was born in April 1866; Léonie in January 1873; Paul Adonis, called Adonis, in January 1875; Joseph Artellus in April 1881; and Joseph Philoges in May 1885.  Paulin's daughter married into the Gary family.  

Colin Amand's fourth son Aristide married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Marin Blanchard and Annette Broussard, at the Breaux Bridge church in December 1863.  Their son Léonin was born near Breaux Bridge in January 1877.  Their daughters married into the Babineaux, Benoit, Dufton, and Huval families.  Aristide remarried to fellow Acadian Julie Broussard in a civil ceremony in Vermilion Parish in November 1889.  They settled in the northwest corner of Vermilion Parish near Lake Arthur.  Aristide's succession record was filed at the Abbeville courthouse in October 1893.  He would have been age 52 that year.  

Colin Amand's fifth and youngest son Raphaël le jeune may have married Thersile Benoit, probably a fellow Acadian, and settled near Abbeville by the late 1860s.

Raphaël's youngest son Alfred married Florentine or Laurentine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Babineaux and Céleste Richard, at the Vermilionville church in April 1853.  They settled near Breaux Bridge.  Their son Alfred Jean was born in c1858 but died at age 2  in August 1860; Robert was born in November 1861; Joseph Ducoudret in February 1867; Alfred, fils or Albert in April 1874; Clebert in February 1876; and Engelbert or Angelbert in c1877.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old black male--on Alfred Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Alfred was conscripted into Confederate service from St. Martin Parish but may not have served in a unit.  Long after the war, he remarried to fellow Acadian Cydalise Benoit at the Carencro church in November 1889; he was 57 years old at the time of the wedding.  He died near Carencro in April 1896.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Alfred was age 66 when he died, but he was 63. His daughters married into the Comeaux, Guilbeau, and Guidry families. 

Michel's second son Michel, fils, called Pierre-Michel, from first wife Nanette Sonnier, was born at Opelousas in September 1772 and baptized by a Pointe Coupée priest at Opelousas in May 1773.  Michel, fils married Ludivine, called Divine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guilbeau and his first wife Anne Trahan, at Attakapas in January 1793.  Like older brother Amand, Michel, fils settled at Grande Pointe on the upper Teche.  Unlike his older brother Amand, Michel, fils remained there.  His and Ludivine's daughters married into the Allegre, Bertrand, Gauthier, and Ledoux families.  Ludivine died at Grande Pointe in January 1815, age 45, and Michel, fils remarried to Agnès, 32-year-old daughter of Canadian Jean-Baptiste Rodrigues of St. John the Baptist Parish and Marie Josèphe Baudoin and widow of Adam Webre, probably at Grande Pointe in c1816.  Agnès gave him another daughter but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Richard family.  Michel, fils was affluent enough to hire a live-in tutor for his children and his nieces and nephew; the tutor, Charles de Dernay Plassard of Brest, France, died at Michel's home at Grande Pointe in March 1817.  Michel, fils died probably at his home on Bayou Teche in August 1833.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded his burial called him Michel of Opelousas and said he was age 65 when he died, but he was 60.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse a few days after his death, so he must have owned property in Lafayette Parish as well as.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 24 slaves--11 males and 13 females, all black, ranging in age from 85 to infancy--on Widow Michel Cormier's plantation; this was Michel, fils's second wife, Agnès Rodrigues.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 20 slaves--six males and 14 females, all black, ages 78 to 2, living in six houses--on Widow M. Cormier's plantation.  Agnès died in St. Martin Parish in November 1871, age 94.   Four of Michel, fils's five surviving sons, all by first wife Ludivine, created families of their own.  A significant number of his grandchildren married non-Acadians, but most of them married fellow Acadians. 

Oldest son Michel Onésime, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe in March 1799, married Céleste or Silesie, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Dupuis and Rosalie Monique Thériot of St. James Parish but residents of Grande Pointe on the Teche, at the St. Martinville church in July 1816.  Their son Michel Treville, called Treville, was born at Grand Pointe in November 1818; Sosthène in October 1829 but died at age 5 (the priest at the St. Martinville church said 6 years and 3 months) in December 1834; and Césaire was born in August 1840.  Michel Onésime and Silesie may also have had a son named Sylvain.  Michel Onésime died at his home on upper Bayou Teche in November 1853.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Michel, fils, as he called him, died "at age 60 yrs.," but he was 54.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in December 1854.  His daughters married into the Babineaux, Barras, Boudreaux, Melançon, Préjean, Thériot, Thibodeaux, and Wiltz families. Two of his three surviving sons created families of their own. 

Oldest son Michel Treville married Marie Azéma, also called Zena, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Melançon and Marie Savoie, at the St. Martinville church in November 1838.  Their son Michel Ernest, called Ernest, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 7 months, in April 1840; and Camille Omer, called Omer, in c1850.  Michel Treville died in St. Martin Parish in December 1850, age 32.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the following January.  His daughters married into the Barras and Periou families. 

Older son Ernest married Marguerite Alzima or Alzina, daughter of French Creoles Clairville Lasseigne and Joséphine Allegre, at the St. Martinville church in June 1859.  Their son Gabriel was born in St. Martin Parish in November 1860 but may have died near Breaux Bridge at age 19 in October 1879; and Joseph Ernest, called Ernest, was born in February 1863.  Ernest, père's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in March 1864.  He would have been age 24 that year.  If his succession was post-mortem, one wonders if his death was war-related. 

Michel Onésime's son Sylvain died in St. Martin Parish in December 1855.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded the burial did not give any parents' names, mention a wife, or give Sylvain's age at the time of his death.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the following February. 

Michel Onésime's youngest son Césaire married Séverine, daughter of Spanish Creole Émile Castille and his Acadian wife Marie Adélaïde Thibodeaux, at the Breaux Bridge church in January 1861.  Their son Simon Sylvain or Sylvain Simon was born near Breaux Bridge in October 1862; Joseph Adela or Adélard, called Adélard and Joseph D., in April 1866; Crejin or Crepin was baptized at the Breaux Bridge church, age unrecorded, in December 1869; and Émile le jeune, also called Émile C., was born in November 1877.  During the War of 1861-65, Césaire served in Company A of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  His daughters married into the Landry and Thibodeaux families. 

Michel, fils's second Louis le jeune, born at Grande Pointe in October 1800, died at age 1 in February 1801.

Michel, fils's third son Joseph Deterville, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, a twin, born at Grande Pointe in December 1801, married Aimée Scholastique, called Scholastique, daughter of German Creole Adam Webre and Canadian Creole Agnès Rodrigues of St. John the Baptist Parish, at the St. Martinville church in December 1822, so Joseph Deterville married his stepsister.  Their son Joseph Émile, called Émile, was born in St. Martin Parish in January 1824.  Joseph Deterville died at Grande Pointe in August 1827, age 26.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in January 1829.  His daughter married into the Guilbeau family. 

Only son Émile married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Sylvestre Broussard and Marie Aspasie Babineaux, at the St. Martinville church in February 1843.  Their son Joseph Arthur, called Arthur, was born in St. Martin Parish in September 1847, and Sylvain Numa, called Numa, in July 1851.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted four slaves--an 18-year-old male and three 16-year-old females, all black--on Émile Cormier's farm.  Émile remarried to Léontine, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Babin and Marie Therzile Thibodeaux, at the St. Martinville church in February 1857.  Their daughters married into the Babin and Hébert families.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 13 slaves--seven males and six females, all black, ages ranging from 60 to 2, living in three houses--on Émile Cormier's farm.  Émile, at age 44, remarried again--his third marriage--to cousin Alzire, daughter of Joseph Allegre and his Acadian wife Marguerite Denise Cormier, at the St. Martinville church in October 1868.  Alzire gave him more children but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Thibodeaux family.  

Michel, fils's fourth son Hervillien Amand, also called Amand le jeune, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, Joseph Deterville's twin, born at Grande Pointe in December 1801, married Marie Cephalie, Cephalide, or Cophalite, daughter of Furcy Hollier and Juliette Collins, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1835.  Their son Amand, fils was born in St. Martin Parish  in March 1836; Joseph Cleopha, called Cleopha, in September 1837; Rosémond in September 1841; and Louis Homere in August 1845.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--two males and three females, three blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 38 to 3--on Amand Cormier's farm.  Amand le jeune, called Hervilien by the priest who recorded his burial, died near Breaux Bridge in October 1879.  The priest who recorded his burial said that "Hervilien" was age 79 when he died, but he would have been 77.  His daughters married into the Broussard, Lasseigne, and Periaux families.

Amand le jeune's second son Cleopha married Palestine, 18-year-old daughter of French Creoles Alexandre Beslin and Delphine Leleux, at the St. Martinville church in April 1857.  Palestine died in St. Martin Parish in July 1859; she was only 20 years old.  During the War of 1861-65, Cleopha served in Company A of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana, and in Company A of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Infantry, into which the Yellow Jackets were incorporated in late 1863.  Cleopha died in St. Martin Parish in May 1869.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Cleopha died "at age 32 yrs.," but he was 31.  He evidently had not remarried, so his line of the family died with him.  

Amand le jeune's third son Rosémond , during the War of 1861-65, served in the same units as his older brother Cleopha.  After the war, Rosémond married Marie Félicie, called Félicie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Théodore Babineaux and Azélie Melançon, at the St. Martinville church in January 1866.  They settled near Breaux Bridge.  Their son Léon or Léonce was born in December 1868, and Cleopha le jeune in September 1871.  Rosémond's daughters married into the Benoit and Guidry families. 

Michel, fils's fifth son Nicolas, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe, in September 1804, married Osite Delphine, called Delphine and also Josephine, daughter of fellow Acadians David Babineaux and Osite Melançon, at the St. Martinville church in February 1828.  Their son Nicolas, fils was born in St. Martin Parish in April 1829, and Joseph Declemir in December 1832.  Nicolas remarried to Marie Ozea, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Boudreaux and Félice Broussard, at the St. Martinville church in November 1838.  Their son Jules was born in St. Martin Parish in August 1840.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 11 slaves--eight males and three females, all black, ages 14 to 8--on Nicolas Cormier's farm.  Nicolas, père died in St. Martin Parish by October 1855, when his succession record was filed at St. Martinville courthouse.  He would have been age 51 that year. 

Oldest son Nicolas, fils, by first wife Delphine Babineaux, married first cousin Émilie, daughter of French Creole Antoine Auguste Ledoux and his Acadian wife Ludivine Cormier, Nicolas, fils's paternal aunt, at the St. Martinville church in September 1852.  Their son Nicolas Adolphe, called Adolphe, was born near St. Martinville in July 1853, and Anatole in June 1855.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 28 slaves--11 males and 17 females, 24 blacks and four mulattoes, ages 60 to 5, living in 16 houses--on Nicholas Cormier's plantation; this was Nicolas, fils.  During the War of 1861-65, Nicolas, fils, a captain, commanded Company C of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  He died probably at his home in St. Martin Parish in December 1863, age 34, perhaps from wounds suffered in Confederate service.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in October 1864.  His daughter married into the Olivier family.

Nicolas, père's second son Joseph Declemir, by first wife Delphine Babineaux, married Clara, daughter of Foreign Frenchman Laurent Tertron of Nantes and his French Creole wife Louise dite Louisianaise Beauvais of Pointe Coupee and Bayou Tortue, at the St. Martinville church in December 1852.  Joseph Declemir died in St. Martin Parish in October 1855, age 23.  One wonders if he fathered any children. 

Nicolas, père's youngest son Jules, by second wife Marie Ozea Boudreaux, likely married fellow Acadian Marie Louise Arceneaux.  Their son Joseph Adam was born near Vermilionville in November 1870. 

Michel, fils's sixth and youngest son Éloi, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe in September 1810, died at at the home of Alphonse Oubre at St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in October 1839, but he was buried at Convent in nearby St. James Parish. age 30.  He probably did not marry.  Was Éloi working for Oubre at the time of his death?  

Michel, père's third son Pierre, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was born at Opelousas in September 1776, so he was often called "Pierre of Opelousas."  He married Marianne, 18-year-old daughter of German Creoles Jacob Miller and Anne-Marie Theigen of Alsace and Maryland, at Opelousas in August 1795.  Pierre and Marianne settled at Carencro, near the bayou of that name, at the northwestern edge of the Attakapas District.  Marianne died near Carencro in August 1796 probably from complications of childbirth; she was only 19 years old at the time of her passing.  Pierre remarried to Rosalie, 16-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Dugas and Geneviève Robichaux of nearby Anse La Butte, at Attakapas in January 1798.  They also settled near Carencro.  Pierre, père died at Plaquemine Point, St. Landry Parish, in June 1847 and was buried at nearby Grand Coteau, age 71.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse that month.  His widow Rosalie died at Carencro in March 1859.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded her burial said that she died "at age 80," but she was 77.  Her succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse a week after her death.  Pierre's daughters married into the Courseau, Fontenot, Gautreaux, Guilbeau, Janis, LeBlanc, and Thibodeaux families.  All four of his sons created families of their own.  Their oldest son's line was especially prolific. 

Oldest son Pierre, fils, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in March 1799, married, at age 19, Céleste, 25-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Dominique Babineaux and Marguerite Thibodeaux of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church in May 1818.  They settled at Carencro.  Their son Ursin was born in February 1819; Lucien in October 1822; Pierre Rosémond, called Rosémond, in February 1824; Bélisaire in July 1830; Joachim was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 3 months, in May 1832; Lasty at age 4 months in March 1834; and Camille or Clémile at age 5 months in May 1838.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted 16 slaves--10 males and six females, all black, ranging in age from 40 to 4--on Pierre Cormier, fils's farm in the parish's western district.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted 30 slaves--15 males and 15 females, 21 blacks and 9 mulattoes, ages 59 years to 5 1/2 months, living in five houses--on Pierre Cormier's plantation at Carencro.  Céleste died at Carencro in August 1869.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded her burial, and who did not to give any parents' names, said that Céleste died "at age 75 yrs.," but she was 76.  Pierre, fils died at Carencro in December 1871.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre was age 75 when he died, but he was 72.  In his will, Pierre, fils donated land for a church and cemetery at Carencro with the stipulation that the name of the church be St. Pierre.  The land he gave, however, was exchanged for another piece of property closer to the center of the village, where St. Peter church was established in 1874.  For a time, in fact, the village of Carencro was called St. Pierre after the church.   His daughters married into the Babineaux, Brasseaux, and Simoneaux families. 

Oldest son Ursin married Marie Alexandrine, called Alexandrine, 16-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Murphy Broussard and his first wife Marie Adélaïde Prejean, at the Grand Coteau church in April 1845.  Their son Onésime Numa, called Numa, was born near Grand Coteau in February 1848; Jean Murphy, called Murphy, in December 1849; Thelesmar in December 1851; Pierre Neuville, called Neuville, in February 1858; Ursin, fils in June 1860 but died age 5 in December 1865; and Joseph Clémile, called Clémile le jeune, was born in April 1865 but died at age 8 in January 1874.  In June of 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted three slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 9, 20, and 4--on Ursin Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Ursin served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought local Jayhawkers.  Ursin died near Carencro in April 1895, age 76.  His succession record was filed at the Lafayette courthouse the following August.  His daughters married into the Brasseaux and Prejean families.  At least two of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Onésime Numa married Alexandrine, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Guilbeau, fils and Françoise Savoie, at the Grand Coteau church in February 1870.  Their son Alexandre lwas born near Grand Coteau in April 1871, and Joseph Ernest in March 1878.  Onésime Numa's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in January 1881.  He would have been age 32 at the time.  

Ursin's second son Jean Murphy, at age 16, married cousin Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Aurelien Brasseaux and Aurelia Cormier, at the Vermilionville church in June 1866.  Jean Murphy died probably at Carencro in July 1867.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded his burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Morphy, as he called him, died "at age 19 yrs.," but he would have been 17.  His succession record, calling him Jean Morphi, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in July 1868.  Did he father any children?

Pierre, fils's second son Lucien married cousin Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Joson Babineaux and Céleste Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1840 (Lucien's mother and wife shared the same first and last names!)  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Jean Baptiste was born in June 1845 (but, strangely, his baptism was recorded in the Grand Coteau parish's "Black Bk."); Joseph was born in December 1846; Joseph Adolphe in April 1848; Pierre le jeune "in Calcasieu" but his birth was recorded at the Grand Coteau church in November 1850 or 1851; Julien was born in May 1853; Louis Alcide, called Alcide, in February 1855; Placide in November 1856; and Lucien, fils in September 1860.  Lucien, père died near Carencro in February 1892, age 69.  His daughters married into the Babineaux, Benoit, Brasseaux, and Hoffpauir families.  At least three of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Jean Baptiste married Clara or Claire, another daughter of Edmond Roger and Urasie Prejean, at the Vermilionville church in February 1868.  Their son Edmond Lasty, called Lasty, was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1869.  Their daughter married into the Arabie family.  Jean Baptiste remarried to Célestine, daughter of French Creole Don Louis Carriere and widow of Marcel Arabie, at the Carencro church in May 1883. 

Lucien's second son Joseph married Marguerite Aspasie, daughter of French Canadian Edmond Roger and his Acadian wife Urasie Prejean, at the Vermilionville church in November 1866.  Joseph died in October 1870, age 25.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in November.  One wonders if he father any sons. 

Lucien's fourth son Pierre le jeune may have married French Creole Celima Lebleu.  They settled probably near Youngsville, Lafayette Parish.  Their son Martin was born in December 1868.  

Pierre, fils's third son Rosémond married cousin Cidalise, daughter of fellow Acadians Arvillien LeBlanc and Julienne Babineaux, at the Vermilionville church in May 1851.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Émile, called Émelite, was born in December 1852; Telesphore in September 1855 but died at age 3 months the following January; Adam was born in January 1859 but died at age 1 1/2 in August 1860; Alcide was born in February 1862; Joseph Lasty, called Lasty (named after his uncle who had just died in the trenches at Vicksburg) in August 1863; Aurelien le jeune, also called Augustin and Adrien, in October 1865; Arvillien in January 1868; Erestil, probably Aristide, in August 1870; Hippolyte in May 1873; and Arcade in October 1878.  Rosémond died near Carencro in January 1887.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Rosémond was age 64 when he died, but he was 62.  His daughter married a Dugas cousin. 

Pierre, fils's fourth son Bélisaire married cousin Aurelia, daughter of fellow Acadians Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1857.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Joachim le jeune was born in July 1860; Anatole in May 1867; Ambroise in July 1874 but died at age 11 in November 1885; Jean Jacques was born in December 1877; and Romain in March 1881.  During the War of 1861-65, Bélisaire served probably as a conscript in Company D of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His three younger brothers, Joachim, Lasty, and Clémile, served as volunteers in another company of that regiment.  Bélisaire's daughters married into the Babineaux, Leger, and Prejean families.

During the War of 1861-65, Pierre, fils's fifth son Joachim served with his younger brothers Lasty and Clémile in Company A of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, the Lafayette Prairie Boys, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  After the war, Joachim married Marie Euphémie, called Euphémie, daughter of Simonet Simoneaux and his first wife Acadian Azélie LeBlanc, at the Vermilionville church in August 1865; Euphémie's stepmother was Mélanie Cormier, Joachim's sister.  Joachim and Euphémie settled at Carencro.  Their son Honoré was born in July 1871.  Their daughters married into the Guilbeau and Richard families.  Soon after the death of his wife in the early 1880s, Joachim took up with Azélie, called Azèle, daughter of French Canadian Jean Baptiste Lantier and French Creole Christine Olivier of Grand Coteau.  Joachim and Azèle did not marry; Azèle had borne children by Jean Broussard in the 1870s but had not married him either.  Joachim and Azèle's son Honoré Lesseus, called Lesseus or Seaux, a deaf-mute, was born near Carencro in July 1884; and Léonce (the author's paternal grandfather) in April 1889.  Joachim died of tuberculosis at Carencro in October 1899, age 68. 

During the War of 1861-65, Pierre, fils's sixth son Lasty served in the same company as his older brother Joachim and younger brother Clémile.  Unlike his brothers, however, Lasty did not survive the war.  He was mortally wounded during the Siege of Vicksburg in June 1863 and buried at Soldier's Rest in the city's Cedar Hill Cemetery, age 29. 

Pierre, fils's seventh and youngest son Clémile served in the same company as his older brothers Joachim and Lasty.  After the war, Clémile married cousin Alice, also called Caliste, another daughter of Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1866.  They settled at Carencro.  Their son Onésiphore was born in January 1867, Horace in December 1868, Esdras in September 1870, Joseph Saul in September 1872, Philibert in April 1874, Maurice in September 1877, Henry in September 1879, Moïse in September 1881, and Peter Théophile in November 1883.  

Pierre of Opelousas's second son Maximilien, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in September 1807, married Marie Mélanie, called Mélanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Augustin Broussard and Anne Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in April 1828.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Maximilien, fils, also called Onésime, was born in November 1829; Narcisse in December 1831; Rémi in late 1834 but died at age 8 months in July 1835, and a child, named unrecorded, was born in April 1849 but died at age 4 months the following August.  The birth of Maximilien and Mélanie's final child must have proved fatal to the mother as well as the child.  Her succession record, probably post-mortem, was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in July 1849.  Their daughters married into the Derosier, Richard, and Thibodeaux families.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted four slaves--two males and two females, ages 38 to 2--on Maximilien Cormier's farm.  Maximilien, at age 44, remarried to Alexandrine or Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Louis Richard and his first cousin Eugènie Richard and widow of James Baugh, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1852, and sanctified the marriage at the Grand Coteau church in April 1853.  They settled near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish.  Their daughters married into the Janis, Matte, and Thibodeaux families.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted a single slave--a 36-year-old black male--on Maximilien Cormier's farm.  At age 58, Maximilien remarried again--his third marriage--to Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Doucet and Carmelite Richard and widow of Césaire Caruthers, at the Church Point church in April 1866.  Their son Pierre le jeune was born near Church Point in April 1870.  

Oldest son Maximilien, fils, by first wife Mélanie Broussard, married Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Boudreaux and Marie Émelie Savoie, at the Grand Coteau church in September 1851.  Their son Léonal or Léoval was born near Church Point in December 1860, and François near Grand Coteau in February 1862 but died near Church Point at age 3 months the following May.  Maximilien, fils's daughters married into the Cormier and Mendoza families.  

Maximilien, père's second son Narcisse, by first wife Mélanie Broussard, married Marie Mélanie or Mélasie, daughter of French Creoles Jérôme Janis and Marie Bellard, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1851.  They settled near Church Point.  Their son Narcisse, fils was born in October 1852, Pierre le jeune in December 1856, Jérôme in March 1859, Arvillien in March 1872, Louis in August 1874, and another Pierre in October 1878.  They also had a son named Maxilien or Maximilien le jeune.  During the War of 1861-65, Narcisse served in Company K of the 29th (Thomas's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His daughters married into the Allemand, Daigle, Leger, Matte, Meche, and Spears families.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Narcisse, fils married Marie Émilie or Amelie, daughter of Louis Lejeune, probably a fellow Acadian, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1870, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church in January 1872.  Their son Joseph was born near Church Point in January 1878, Cleopha in April 1884, Jérôme in April 1888, and Jean in June 1891.  Narcisse, fils's daughter married into the Miller family.  

Pierre of Opelousas's third son Amand le jeune, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in October 1809, married Eurasie, 16-year-old daughter of Anglo American William Wood or Woods and his Acadian wife Marguerite Brasseaux, at the Opelousas church in July 1832.  Their son Aurelien was born near Opelousas in April 1833, and Treville in March 1838.  Amand le jeune's succession record, calling him Amanoo, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in June 1878.  He would have been age 68 that year. 

Older son Aurelien married Marianne, daughter of French Creoles Augustin Frugé and Eléonore Lasage, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1851.  They settled at Pointe Émile Mouton in present-day Acadia Parish.  Their son Aurelien, fils, was born in December 1852; Tainville or Stanville in June 1857; Auguste in January 1860; Edval Joseph or Joseph Edval in October 1862; Aristide or Aurestile in August 1865; and Théodore, also called Théodose, in September 1868.  Aurelien and Eurasie's daughters married into the Matte and Richard families.  Aurelien remarried to Marie Celina, called Celina, Racca in a civil ceremony probably in St. Landry Parish, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church in June 1871.  Their son Clairville was born near Youngsville, Lafayette Parish, in September 1873; and Joseph near Vermilionville in April 1875.  Aurelien, père died in Acadia Parish by May 1892.  When his succession record was filed at the Crowley courthouse; he would have been age 59. 

Pierre of Opelousas's fourth and youngest son Symphorien, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in August 1816, married Célesie, 25-year-old daughter of French Creole Noël Vasseur and his Acadian wife Angélique Richard and widow of Thomas Bacon, at the Opelousas church in April 1837.  Their son Symphorien, fils was born near Opelousas in June 1840; Louis Alfred near Grand Coteau in February 1843; and Pierre Mauléon in October 1849.  Symphorien died near Church Point in November 1884.  The priest who recorded his burial said that "Sifroyen" was age 73 when he died, but he was 68.  His daughters married into the Clark, Sonnier, and Vasseur families. 

Oldest son Symphorien, fils married Céleste, daughter of James Desales or Desaulles and Eleonore Bergeron, a French Creole, not an Acadian, at the Grand Coteau church in April 1868.  They settled near Church Point and at Plaisance in St. Landry Parish.  Their son Thomas Gabriel, called Gabriel, was born in September 1871; Jacques or Jacob in February 1876; Willy or William in November 1878; Lucien in October 1881; James in May 1884; and Léonard in July 1886.  Symphorien, fils died near Church Point in June 1894.  The priest who recorded his burial said he was age 58 when he died, but he was only 54. 

Daughter Angélique, born near Grand Coteau in September 1845, gave birth to son Symphorien le jeune (named after her father and brother) near Church Point in June 1864.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name.   

Michel, père's fourth son Louis, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in June 1779.  Louis married Thècla, daughter of French Creole Michel Meaux from the Saintogne region of France and his Acadian wife Élizabeth Broussard, at Attakapas in October 1799.  Louis and Thècla settled on the upper Vermilion north of present-day Lafayette probably in an area the Acadians called Beaubassin.  They also may have lived for a time at La Pointe, on the upper Teche near Breaux Bridge.   Thècla died in the early 1820s.  Her succession record, filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in June 1823, noted that Louis "is not in a situation to have the tutorship of his minor children due to his being in a habitual state of deafness for the last 5 or 6 years."  Thècla's brother, Athanas Meaux, offered to be the tutor of his sister's minor children, sons Alexandre and Lesime, ages 14 and 12, and daughter Melite, age 8.  Louis and Thècla's daughter married into the Duhon family.  Deafness did not prevent Louis from remarrying to Marie, daughter of Antoine Ledoux and his Acadian wife Marguerite Gaudet of St. James Parish and widow of Joseph Melançon, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1823; Marie's brother, Antoine Auguste Ledoux, had married Louis's niece, Ludivine, daughter of his half-brother Michel, fils, only three months earlier.  Louis and Marie's daughter married into the LeBlanc family.  Louis died at his home along the upper Vermilion in June 1843.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Louis was age 60 when he died, but he was at least 64.  Five of his eight sons, three by first wife Thécla and two by second wife Marie, created families of their own.

Oldest son Célestin, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in October 1804, married first cousin Marguerite, 18-year-old daughter of Augustin Royer of Illinois and his Acadian wife Victoire Cormier, at the Grand Coteau church in May 1822; Marguerite's mother was Célestin's paternal aunt.  Their son Alexandre le jeune was baptized at age 14 days at the Vermilionville church in September 1825 but died the day after his baptism; Auguste or Augustin was baptized at age 4 months in April 1831; and Onésime, or Osémé, le jeune was baptized at age 7 1/2 months in April 1833.  In November 1835, Célestin bought 40.17 acres of land in Lafayette Parish from the federal government.  He "signed" the land deed with an X, so he probably was illiterate.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted eight slaves--two males and six females, all blacks, ranging in age from 65 to 2--on Célestin Cormier's farm.  His daughter married into the Plaisance family.  Only one of his three sons married. 

Second son Augustin died in Lafayette Parish in April 1853, age 22.  He probably did not marry.  

Célestin's third and youngest son Onésime le jeune married Eurasie, daughter of Louis Clément and Marie Anne Stelly, at the Grand Coteau church in June 1851.  Their son Euphémon, also called Eupremont, Fernand, and Fremont, had been born near Grand Coteau the previous March, so they may have been married civilly.  Onésime le jeune died near Grand Coteau in May 1887, age 55. 

Only son Euphémon likely married fellow Acadian Aurelia or Aurelie Trahan in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in March 1870.  Their son Joseph was born near Rayne, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in December 1879.  Euphémon remarried to Mélasie Beard, also called Melissa Hébert, in a civil ceremony in Acadia Parish in February 1889.  Their son Théogène was born in March 1894 and baptized at the Rayne church in May; and Jacob was born near Roberts Cove, Acadia Parish, in November 1898. 

Louis's second son Alexandre, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in June 1809, married cousin Susanne, daughter of Charles Alexandre Ledoux and his Acadian wife Susanne Cormier, at the Vermilionville church in January 1829; Susanne's mother was another daughter of Michel Cormier, fils.  Alexandre and Susanne's son Alexandre, fils was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1829; Césaire in St. Martin Parish in May 1834; and Louis Césaire in May 1839.  Alexandre's daughters married into the Mire and Sonnier families.  In September of 1860, the federal census taker in Calcasieu Parish counted eight slaves--four males and four females, all mulattoes, age 35 years to 6 months--on Alexandre Cormier's farm, so he probably had moved west of Bayou Nezpique or owned land there during the 1850s.  Alexandre remarried to Marie Élisabeth, called Élisabeth, daughter of fellow Acadian Prosper Villejoin and his Creole wife Clementin LaFosse and widow of Ignace Caruthers, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1876.  Their son Fernest was born near Rayne, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in December 1878 when his father was age 69.  Alexandre died in Acadia Parish by January 1891, when his succession record was filed at the Crowley courthouse.  He would have been age 81 that year.  The following April, another record filed in the Crowley courthouse provided for the tutorship of Alexandre's youngest son Fernest, who was only age 12. 

Louis's third son Onésime, also called Lésime and Louis, fils, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in September 1811, married Marguerite, also called Arthémise and Mary, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Melançon and his Creole wife Marie Ledoux, at the Vermilionville church in August 1831; Marie Ledoux was his father's second wife, so Onésime married his stepmother's daughter.  Onésime and Marguerite's son Onésime, fils or Osémé was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 7 weeks, in October 1832; Joseph at age 15 months in November 1838; and Adam was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1842 but died two months later.  A child, name unrecorded, died at age 2 months in October 1847; the Vermilionville priest who recorded the child's burial called the father "Onézime of Queue Tortue," so Onésime probably had moved to that bayou, which runs through the prairies west of Vermilionville, now the city of Lafayette.  Son Jean Baptiste Adam was born there in September 1852; Placide Antoine, called Antoine, in July 1856; and Jacques in December 1863.  Onésime, père, whom the Vermilionville priest recording his burial called Marcellin, died in Lafayette Parish in January 1879, age 68. 

Oldest son Onésime, fils married Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Babineaux and his Anglo-American wife Hortense Perry, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in August 1850.  Their son Pierre was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1856.  They also had a son named Osémé.  

Louis's fourth son Jean Baptiste, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in February 1814, died at age 8 in October 1822. 

Louis's fifth son Michel le jeune, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in May 1819, died at age 2 in October 1822.

Louis's sixth son, by second wife Marie Ledoux, the boy's name unrecorded, died within hours of his birth at their home on the upper Vermilion in October 1825.  

Louis's seventh son Joseph, by second wife Marie Ledoux, a twin, born on the upper Vermilion in November 1826, married Marie Mélanie or Mélasie, daughter of French Canadian Auguste Royer and his Acadian wife Caroline Bourque, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in July 1849.  They settled near Carencro before moving to the Church Point area.  Their son Louis le jeune was born in August 1852; Joseph, fils in December 1855; Aurelien in January 1859; Jean Lasty in July 1861; another Joseph, fils in December 1866; and Luma, probably Numa, in December 1869.  They also had a son named Auguste.  Their daughters married into the Caruthers and Lantier families.  By the early 1870s, Joseph had moved his family to the Rayne area.  He died near Rayne in March 1893.  The priest who recorded his burial said Joseph was age 69 when he died, but he was 66. 

Louis's eighth and youngest son Don or Jean Louis, called Louis, fils, by second wife Marie Ledoux, born on the upper Vermilion in c1831, married Élisabeth Lock, Rauche, Roche, Rodge, Ross, or Rotche in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in 1855, and sanctified the marriage at the Grand Coteau church in February 1858.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Joseph Octave, called Octave, was born in October 1857; Don Louis, fils in March 1859; William in December 1863; Célestin le jeune in July 1869; Joseph Atherol in May 1872; and Adrien in May 1874.  His daughters married into the Lavergne, LeBoeuf, and Soileau families.  

Michel, père's fifth and youngest son François, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was baptized at Opelousas at age 8 1/2 months in August 1783.  François followed his older brother Louis to the upper Vermilion and married Scholastique, called Colastie, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon dit Agros LeBlanc and Anne dit Manon Hébert, at Attakapas in December 1806.  François and Scholastique remained on the upper Vermilion.   Francois died at his home along the upper Vermilion in February 1835, age 53. His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following April.  His daughter married into the Duhon family.  All four of his sons created families of their own.

Oldest son François, fils, born on the upper Vermilion in December 1812, married married Émilie, also called Émilite, Melite, Carmelite, and Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Benjamin Broussard and Madeleine Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in August 1830.  Their son Benjamin was born near Vermilionville in September 1833, François Dolzé in February 1837, and Jean Bénoni, called Bénoni or Béloni, in March 1841.  François, fils and Émilie's daughters married into the Broussard, Hébert, and Trahan families.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted two slaves--both females, both black, ages 50 and 11--on François Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  François, fils, at age 40, remarried to Eugènie Simon in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in January 1855.  She gave him more children but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Duhon family.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted the same two black female slaves on Francois Cormier's farm that had been counted in 1850.  

Oldest son Benjamin, by first wife Émilie Broussard, married Marie Belzire, called Belzire, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Denis Trahan and Marguerite Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in April 1860.  During the War of 1861-65, Benjamin may have served as a conscript in Company I of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His daughters married into the LeBlanc and Morvant families. 

During the War of 1861-65, François, fils's third and youngest son Jean Bénoni served in Company E of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Jean Bénoni married Louise, daughter of Hilaire Simon and his Acadian wife Aspasie Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in January 1867.  Jean Bénonie may have been the Jean Cormier whose succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in August 1872.  He would have been age 31 that year.  

François, père's second son Pierre le jeune, born on the upper Vermilion in March 1815, married Marie Sidalise, called Sidalise, daughter of Louis Simon and his Acadian wife Marie Louise Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in June 1834.  Their son Siméon or Simon Duplessis was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in April 1838.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted three slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 23, 15, and 15--on Pierre Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Pierre le jeune, along with younger brother Onésime, served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against area Jayhawkers.  Pierre le jeune died in Lafayette Parish in December 1876, age 61.  His daughter married into the Duhon family.

Only son Siméon Duplessis married first cousin Azelima, Azelime, or Azelina, also called Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Maxille Cormier and Azélie Léger, his uncle and aunt, at the Vermilionville church in April 1855.  Their son Jules was born in Lafayette Parish in March 1857; Siméon Duplessis, fils in December 1858; Dolzin in April 1860; and François Adam in September 1866.  They also had a son named Ludovic.  Their daughter married into the Simon family.  Siméon Duplessis remarried to fellow Acadian Octavie Guillot at the Vermilionville church in December 1877.  Their son Ernest had been born in Lafayette Parish two months before the marriage, so they probably had married civilly; and Pierre was born in November 1882.  Siméon Duplessis and Octavie's daughters married into the Trahan family. 

François, père's third son Maximilien, called Maxile, born on the upper Vermilion in August 1817, married Azélie, also called Zélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Julien Léger and Marie Duhon, at the Vermilionville church in July 1836.  Their son Neuville was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1837, Joseph in October 1842, Vital in 1846, and Oculi in March 1852.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted seven slaves--four males and three females, all black, ranging in age from 30 to 3--on Maxile Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  Maxille must have owned land in St. Martin Parish as well; in November, the federal census taker in St. Martin counted 20 slaves--11 males and nine females, all black, ages 40 to 3--on his plantation in that parish.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted only three slaves--two males and a female, all black, ages 14, 11, and 50--on Maxile Cormier's farm.  Maxille died in Lafayette Parish in August 1877.  The priest who recorded his burial said Maxille was age 58 when he died, but he was 60.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following January.  His daughters married into the Cormier, Hanks, and Manceau families.  At least three of his four sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Neuville married Marguerite Azéma, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Hébert and Marie Carmezile Landry, at the Vermilionville church in July 1855.  They settled probably near Youngsville.  Their son Olise was born in December 1857; Joseph in December 1859; Léoscar, also called Joseph, in December 1866; Augustin in August 1873; and Cleopha in October 1875.  Neuville's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in September 1878.  He would have been age 41 that year; the succession was not post-mortem.  Neuville, at age 43, remarried to French Creole Eulalie Gaspard in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in November 1880.  Their son Maxille le jeune was born in Lafayette Parish in September 1881; and Neuville, fils near Rayne, Acadia Parish, in October 1895. 

Maxille's second son Joseph married Mélanie, daughter of Ralph R. Hanks and Arthémise Abshire, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in February 1867.  They settled near Rayne.  Their son Joseph, fils was born in August 1874; Zelmire in August 1876; Adam in October 1883; and Lucius in January 1887.  

Maxille's third son Vital married Edmire or Elmire, daughter of Lessin Simon and his Acadian wife Claire Landry, at the Vermilionville church in August 1866.  They settled at Pointe Émile Mouton near Church Point.  Their son François le jeune was born in October 1871, Maxille le jeune in September 1873, Lessin in March 1875, and Norbert in January 1877.  Vital's daughters married into the Breaux and Ewens families.  

François, père's fourth and youngest son Onésime, also called Onésime F., Onésime François, and Lésime, born on the upper Vermilion in August 1820, married Eugénie, another daughter of Louis Simon and Marie Louise Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in August 1841.  Their son Désiré was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1842; François le jeune in February 1850 but died at age 7 in March 1858; Jean Baptiste was born in January 1852; Nicaise or Niguez in December 1855; Pierre Onésime, called Onésime, in November 1858; Eugènat, called Eugène, in December 1860; Rupert, also called Dupré, in March 1865; and Joseph Alcide on Bayou Queue de Tortue in August 1868.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--a black female, age 6--on Onésime Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted only a single slave--a single black female, now age 15--on Onésime Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Onésime, along with older brother Pierre le jeune, served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against local Jayhawkers.  Onésime's daughters married into the Broussard, Hébert, and Leleux families. 

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A relative of the three Cormier cousins came to Louisiana from exile in Cuba during the early 1800s, likely the last Acadian Cormier to emigrate to Louisiana: 

Jean-Baptiste (1784-1831) à Jean à Alexis à ? à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Jean Baptiste, also called Eugène Baptiste, son of Jean Cormier and Élisabeth Morel of Jean-Rabel, French St.-Dominguie, started a fourth line of Acadian Cormiers in the Bayou State during the early 1800s.  This Jean Baptiste, like his Louisiana relatives, also had roots at Chignecto, but his family's experience during Le Grand Dérangement was different from his cousins'.  Alexis Cormier of Pointe-Beauséjour, his wife Madeleine de Liglen, and their infant son Jean were deported to South Carolina in the fall of 1755 with hundreds of other Chignecto Acadians.  In 1763, the war with Britain finally over, French authorities encouraged the Acadians still languishing in the seaboard colonies to emigrate to St.-Domingue, where they could provide cheap labor for the new French naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas on the north shore of the island.  Alexis and Jean Cormier were among the South Carolina Acadians who went to the sugar island and remained there.  Jean married Élisabeth Morel of Pointe-de-Paix at Jean-Rabel, northeast of Môle St.-Nicolas, in February 1783.  Their son Jean-Baptiste was born at Jean-Rabel in March 1784.  Jean died at his father's home at Caracol, east of Cap-Français, in April 1785; he was only 30 years old.  His father Alexis died probably at Caracol not long afterwards.  Jean Baptiste, called Eugene Baptiste in some Louisiana records, may have been among the St.-Domingue French who fled to Cuba in late 1803; he would have been age 19 that year.  He most likely came to Louisiana with the flood of Haitian refugees from Cuba in the fall of 1809; he would have bee age 25 that year.  His sister Marie-Victoire probably came with him.  Most of the Haitian/Cuban exiles, including sister Marie-Victoire, remained in New Orleans, where she married French Creole Pierre Mouillé in August 1812.  Not Jean Baptiste.  Perhaps aware of his cousins' presence in the state, he moved on to St. Landry Parish and, at age 34, married Marie Louise or Éloise, called Lise, 15-year-old daughter of Louis De Ville II of Poste Rapides and his Acadian wife Marie Jeansonne, at the Opelousas church in June 1818.  He died in St. Landry Parish in January 1831, age 46.  The Opelousas priest who recorded his burial called him "a Frenchman," but he was as much an Acadian as the other Cormiers of South Louisiana.  His descendants, all from his only son, settled on the Opelousas prairie near Ville Platte, then in St. Landry but now in Evangeline Parish.  Meanwhile, at least one of Jean Baptiste's nephews, Pierre Mouillé, fils, son of sister Marie Victoire, settled in St. Landry Parish not far from his uncle and cousins. 

Only son Jean Baptiste, fils, born in St. Landry Parish in August 1828, married Cléonise Louise, also called Clonise C., Louise Charles, Eléonore, and Léonise, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Charles Pitre and his Creole wife Phelonise Joubert, at the Opelousas church in January 1850.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 26 to 2--on Jean Bte Cormier's farm.  Jean Baptiste, fils died by March 1864, when his wife Cléonise remarried at Opelousas.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in November 1869.  His daughters married into the De Ville and Fontenot families. 

Only son Louis Arthur was born near Ville Platte in March 1857. 

Crochet

Yves Crochet of Megrit, Brittany, married Pélagie Benoit, probably an Acadian, at Louisbourg, Île Royale, in February 1758.  Later that year, after the fall of Louisbourg in July, the victorious British rounded up most of the Acadians on Île Royale and deported them to France.  Yves Crochet and his new wife survived the crossing.  They landed at Rochefort in early 1759 then sailed around to St.-Malo, which they reached at the beginning of October.  From St.-Malo, they made the short trip to Yves's hometown area in northern Brittany, where, between 1760 and 1772, Pélagie gave Yves eight children, five sons and three daughters.  Yves died at Quesny near St.-Malo in November 1773, age 41, and was buried at nearby Megrit, his birthplace.

Soon after Yves died, Pélagie Benoit and her children were among the Acadians who attempted to settle on a nobleman's land in the Poitou region near the city of Châtellerault.  Pélagie was pregnant when she left Quesny for Poitou.  Her ninth and final child, another son, was born posthumously in early May 1774, six months after her husband died, and was baptized at Châtellerault.  Youngest daughter Pélagie, only two years old, died a few weeks after her brother was born.  After the Poitou venture failed, Pélagie and most of her children, along with her recently married sister, Marguerite Benoit, retreated with dozens of other Acadians to the port city of Nantes, where they subsisted on government hand outs as best they could.  

Pélagie's oldest son, Jean-Guillaume Crochet, who would have been 15 in November 1775, was not on the convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes with the rest of the family.  He had become a sailor and probably went to sea.  Daughter Marguerite, who would have been only 9 in 1775, also was not on the convoy list; for what reason is anyone's guess.  

In the early 1780s, the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana.  Pélagie Benoit and her Crochet children agreed to take it.  Youngest son Jean-Marin, born in Poitou in May 1774, evidently died at Nantes at age 10 or 11 sometime between September 1784, when he was counted with his family there, and August 1785, when they left for Louisiana.

Pélagie Benoit and five of her children--Jean-Guillaume, now age 25, Françoise-Pélagie, age 21, Marguerite-Perrine, age 19, Yves-Jean, age 18, and Julien, age 15--sailed to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, which reached New Orleans in early November.  Two weeks after they reached the city, in late November 1785, daughters Françoise-Pélagie and Marguerite-Perrine married fellow passengers Tourchet dit Leonard De La Garde of Surget, France, and Joseph-Agustin Adam of La Rochelle, France.  In mid-December, son Jean-Guillaume married a fellow passenger at New Orleans.  After a period of recuperation from the long voyage, Pélagie and her expanded family followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.

Pélagie did not remarry.  She lived long enough to witness the birth of grandchildren and even great-grandchildren.  She died in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1824, age 83.  Older daughter Françoise-Pélagie and husband Léonard De La Garde lived for a time in New Orleans and then joined her family on the upper bayou.  By January 1791, Françoise-Pélagie had become a widow with three young sons.  She remarried to Philippe Bruze of Genoa, Italy, at Lafourche in June 1792 and had more children by him.  They settled in what became Lafourche Interior Parish, where she died in February 1836, age 72.  Younger daughter Marguerite-Perrine died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1830, age 64. 

During the early antebellum period, Pélagie Benoit's Crochet sons and their descendants spread up and down the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley, from Pierre Part north of Lake Verret in northern Assumption Parish to Montegut in lower Terrebonne Parish.  A small branch of the family also settled on the river in West Baton Rouge Parish but soon died out.  In 1860, only two Crochets--one in Assumption, the other in Terrebonne--owned a single slave apiece, so the Crochets participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  

Acadian Crochets lived in a part of Louisiana hit hard by the War of 1861-65.  Successive Federal incursions devastated the Lafourche and Terrebonne valleys.  At least one member of the family, Prudent Crochet of West Baton Rouge Parish, died in Confederate service.  He was mortally wounded in action during the Atlanta, Georgia, campaign in the summer of 1864; sadly, his line of the family died with him on that distant battlefield.  A handful of his Terrebonne Parish cousins also served Louisiana in uniform, and all of them survived the conflict. 

After the war, at least five families of Acadian Crochets moved from the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley to lower Bayou Teche and then out to the prairies of St. Landry Parish, creating a western branch of the family.  Today, dozens of Crochet families, most of them descendants of Yves Crochet, can still be found in the towns and cities of southeast Louisiana.  Despite its late start, members of the western branch of the family became as numerous as their eastern cousins.  Western Crochets, most of them Acadians, can be found today across the southwest prairies as far as east Texas.  They are especially numerous in Jefferson Davis and Acadia parishes, near the city of Jennings.  

The family's name also is spelled Chrochet, Crochait, Crochaix, Croche, Crochiet, Croge, Crouchet.05

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All three of Pélagie Benoit's Crochet sons created their own families on Bayou Lafourche:

Jean-Guillaume (1760-1810s) Crochet

Jean-Guillaume, oldest son of Yves Crochet and Pélagie Benoit, born at Quesny, France, in September 1760, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and siblings and married Marie-Marthe, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Boudrot and Marguerite Richard, at New Orleans in December 1785, soon after reaching the colony.  Marie-Marthe was a native of St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, and also had crossed on L'Amitié.  They followed his widowed mother to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Jean-Guillaume died before July 1821 probably in Assumption Parish, when he would have been in his early 60s.  Compared to his younger brothers, Jean-Guillaume's family was a small one--he had only one son, and only one of his two grandsons survived childhood, but that grandson married and had several sons of his own, perpetuating this line of the family.  Jean-Guillaume's son and grandson remained in Assumption Parish until after the War of 1861-65, when the grandson moved to the Bayou Teche valley around New Iberia.  By the early 1890s, two of Jean-Guillaume's great-grandsons had moved out into the open prairies of eastern Calcasieu, now Jefferson Davis, Parish.  

Only son Joseph-Emérant, called Emérant, born probably at Assumption in c1800, married Eugènie Scholastique, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Marin Gautreaux and Marie Madeleine Theriot, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in July 1821.  The priest who recorded the marriage noted that the groom's father was deceased at the time of the marriage. Their daughter married into the Mire family.  Emérant remarried to Adèle Arthémise, daughter of fellow Acadians Martin Thibodeaux and Marguerite Dugas, at the Plattenville church in May 1827.  Their daughters married into the Cedotal, Dupas, Gautreaux, and Mazerolle families.  Emérant died in Assumption Parish in April 1845, age 45.  His surviving son created a family of his own in the Bayou Lafourche valley.

Older son Magloire Sivilien, by second wife Adèle Thibodeaux, born in Assumption Parish in October 1827, Magloire, by his father's second wife, married Honorine, daughter of Valery Cedotal and his Acadin wife Henriette Dugas, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in July 1851; Magloire's sister Pamela married Honorine's brother Augustin.  Magloire and Honorine's son Emérant le jeune was born in Assumption Parish in April 1852; Émile Homer in May 1854; Joseph Camille in March 1856; Joachim near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret, Assumption Parish, in January 1861; Augustin Joseph near New Iberia, Iberia Parish, in March 1868; and Odressi Joseph near Lydia, Iberia Parish, in September 1870.  As the birth records of his younger sons reveal, after the War of 1861-65, Magloire moved his family from Assumption Parish to the Bayou Teche valley, where some of his cousins had settled.  Two of his sons then moved out into the Calcasieur prairies west of the Mermentau. 

Second son Émile married fellow Acadian Domitille Broussard probably at Lydia in the mid-1870s.  They moved to the Calcasieu prairies.  

Magloire's fifth or sixth son Augustin, called Adrecy by the priest who recorded his wedding, married Merilia, daughter of fellow Acadian Camille Landry, at the Jennings church, then in Calcasieu but now in Jefferson Davis Parish, in September 1892.  By the early 1900s, he and brother Émile had established a branch of the family along Bayou Nezpique north of Jennings (the author's hometown).   

Emérant's younger son Désiré Treville, called Treville, from second wife Adèle Thibodeaux, born in Assumption Parish in May 1838, died at age 6 in September 1843. 

Yves-Jean-Guillaume (1767-?) Crochet

Yves-Jean, second son of Yves Crochet and Pélagie Benoit, born at Quesny, France, in December 1767, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and siblings and followed them to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Yves-Jean married Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Dugas and his third wife Anne Bourg, at Lafourche in the early 1790s.  Anne had come to Louisiana from France aboard Le Bon Papa, the first of the Seven Ships.  Yves-Jean died in Assumption Parish in the early 1810s, in his mid-40s.  His daughter married into the Templet family.  His two married sons remained in Assumption Parish.  One grandson moved to West Baton Rouge Parish in 1830s, where he started a small branch of the family on the river, but it did not survive.  Another grandson moved down bayou to Terrebonne Parish in the 1840s.  After 1865, a few of his descendants moved down into Terrebonne Parish and others to the lower Bayou Teche valley, but most of his descendants remained on upper Bayou Lafourche.

Oldest son François-Marie, born at Assumption in January 1796, married Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Landry and Marie Madeleine Hébert, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in November 1817.  François died in Assumption Parish in July 1844.  The Paincourtville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that François died at "age 59 years"; François Marie would have been age 48 at the time, but who else would it have been?  His daughters married into the Arceneaux, Hébert, Landry, Leze, and Trahan families.  Four of his sons also created families of their own. 

Oldest son Séverin François, born in Assumption Parish in June 1821, married cousin Euphrosine, daughter of Romain Freoux and his Acadian wife Pélagie Dugas, at the Paincourtville church in January 1842; they had to secure a dispensation for fourth degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Séraphin Arsène was born in Assumption Parish in December 1842, Joseph Romain in March 1847, Joseph in October 1849, Pierre Aurelien in July 1851, Paul Oleus near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret in February 1859, and Justilien Séverin in September 1862.  In late July 1860, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted a single slave--a 55-year-old black male--on Séverin Crochet's farm near Pierre Part in the parish's 14th Ward (Bayou Louis).  Severin died in Assumption Parish in November 1863.  The Paincourtville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Séverin died at "age 44 years," but he was 42.  His daughters married into the Ducasse or Ducas, Hopwood, and Tureyra families.  His oldest son moved to the lower Bayou Teche valley after the War of 1861-65. 

Oldest son Séraphin married cousin Zelanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Leufroi Guidry and Eléonore Landry, at the Paincourtville church in November 1863; they had to secure a dispensation for fourth degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Séraphin moved to St. Martin Parish after the War of 1861-65 and remarried to Émilie, daughter of fellow Acadians Édouard Hébert and Madeleine Babin, at the New Iberia church, Iberia Parish, in December 1869.  They settled near Loreauville.  Their son Paul was born in November 1870, and Octave in March 1872. 

François Marie's second son François Arsène, called Arsène, born in Assumption Parish in August 1823, married Justine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Dupuis and Françoise Daigle, at the Paincourtville church in February 1849, and remarried to Eurasie, daughter of fellow Acadians François Aucoin and Scholastique Hébert, at the Paincourtville church in April 1853.  Their son Joseph François, a twin, was born in Assumption Parish in January 1855; Pierre Jean Baptiste in September 1856; François Pierre near Pierre Part in December 1858; and Paul in March 1864 but died at age 4 months the following June.  Arsène died near Pierre Part in March 1865, age 41.  

François Marie's third son Louis, born in Assumption Parish in January 1828, died less than a day old.

François Marie's fourth son Joseph, born in Assumption Parish in February 1829, married Aureline or Ameline, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Aucoin and Marie Trahan, at the Paincourtville church in April 1850.  Their son François Justinien or Justilien, called Justilien, was born in Assumption Parish in November 1852; Joseph Enoch, called Enoch and Eno, in May 1856; and Joseph Sarazin or Victorin, called Victorin and sometimes Gustave, near Pierre Part in March 1859.  After the War of 1861-65, Joseph moved his family to the Bayou Teche valley.  By the 1870s, they were living near Loreauville, Iberia Parish.  Their daughter married a Crochet cousin.  Their sons married fellow Acadians and remained in Iberia Parish.

François Marie's fifth son Vileor Lucien, also called William, born in Assumption Parish in January 1834, married Clarisse, another daughter of Romain Freoux and Pélagie Dugas, at the Paincourtville church in August 1854.  Their son Nicolas Séverin was born near Pierre Part in November 1859, and Pierre in January 1862.  Vileor also moved his family to St. Martin Parish after the War of 1861-65.  

François Marie's sixth and youngest son Docilis Sylvain, called Sylvain, born in Assumption Parish in June 1842, died near Pierre Part in January 1865, age 23.  He did not marry.  

Yves's second Amand-Bernard, also called Emérant, baptized at Assumption in September 1796, married Marie Hortense, called Hortense, daughter of François Freoux and his Acadian wife Marguerite Adélaïde Gautreaux, at the Plattenville church in February 1813.  Their daughters married into the Blanchard and Simoneaux families.  Six of their nine sons also created their own families on the river and on upper Lafourche.

Oldest son Francois Eugène or Hermogène, called Hermogène, born in Assumption Parish in April 1816, married fellow Acadian Marie Carmelite Daigre, widow of Hippolyte Le Tullier of West Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in June 1836 and settled near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, where they established a small branch of the family along the river.  Their son Prudent was born in West Baton Rouge Parish in March 1839, and Félix Cleopha Isidore near Brusly in September 1841.  One wonders if the family line endured beyond the second generation. 

Older son Prudent married Adolphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Adolphe Dupuy and Eléonore Babin, at the Brusly church in January 1861.  During the War of 1861-65, Prudent enlisted in the West Baton Rouge Tirailleurs at Camp Moore in Tangipahoa Parish in May 1861.  The Tirailleurs became Company H of the 4th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Mississippi, Tennessee, Louisiana, Georgia, and Alabama.  Prudent must have secured leave from his unit at least twice--two daughters were born to him during the war--Olymphe in c1862, and Ouida in 1864--but he never saw his second daughter.  During the Atlanta Campaign, Prudent fell mortally wounded at Ezra Church on 28 July 1864.  His comrades were forced to leave him on the field.  He either died on the field or in a Federal hospital and was buried by the enemy.  He was age 25.  His line of the family, except for its blood, died with him on that distant battlefield.  

Hermogène's younger son Félix Cleopha Isdiore, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.

Amand Bernard's second son Symphorien Tresime or Trasimond, called Trasimond, born in Assumption Parish in October 1817, married fellow Acadian Eléonore Dupuis probably in Assumption Parish in the early 1840s, and remarried to Rose Aimée, daughter of fellow Acadians Zéphirin Melançon and Marie Faralie Bourgeois, at the Paincourtville church in March 1848.  

Amand Bernard's third son Romain Arsène, called Arsène and also Désiré, born in Assumption Parish in January 1819, married Bathilde, daughter of fellow Acadian Baptiste Landry and his Creole wife Roseline Simoneaux, at the Paincourtville church in May 1845.  Their son Jean Baptiste Jérôme, called John, was born in Assumption Parish in January 1848; Joseph Osémé Blanchard in March 1850; and Romain Arsène, fils near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret in January 1859.  After the War of 1861-65, Arsène crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Bayou Teche valley and settled among his kinsmen near Loreauville, Iberia Parish.  Their daughters married Landry cousins.  One of their sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Jean Baptiste Jérôme married Camilla, daughter of fellow Acadians Désiré A. LeBlanc and Domitille Dugas, at the Paincourtville church in July 1867.  Their son Pierre Léon was born near Paincourtville in June 1870. 

After 1865, Arsène's second son Romain followed his father and some of his kinsmen to the Bayou Teche valley, where he married cousin Zélanie, daughter of Joseph Crochet and Aureline Aucoin, at the Loreauville church, Iberia Parish, in January 1881.  

Amand Bernard's fourth son Narcisse Evremont, born in Assumption Parish in October 1820, died a few days after his birth.

Amand Bernard's fifth son Telesphore Valéry, born in Assumption Parish January 1823, married fellow Acadian Céleste Boudreaux at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in January 1843.  Their son Louis Daunis, called Daunis, was born in either Terrebonne or Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1848.  Their daughter married into the Baudoin family.  Their son also created his own family in Terrebonne. 

Only son Louis Daunis married Eveline, daughter of fellow Acadian Cyrus Hébert and his Creole wife Emérante Malbrough, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in January 1868.  Their son Joseph W. was born near Chacahoula, Terrebonne Parish, in June 1870.  

Amand Bernard's sixth son Onésime Denis, called Denis and Adonis, born in Assumption Parish in November 1824, married Clementine or Clémence, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexis Aucoin and Rosalie Theriot, at the Paincourtville church in January 1846.  Their son Joseph Valéry was born in Assumption Parish in February 1847; Nicephore in April 1849; Jean Baptiste Alexi, called Alexi, in Jan 1852 but died at age 3 months the following April; Léonard was born in October 1853; and Drosin Jean Baptiste in January 1857 but died at age 7 in February 1864.  Their oldest son married by 1870.

Oldest son Joseph Valéry married Clementine, daughter of fellow Acadians Sylvanie Templet and Melissa Theriot, at the Pierre Part church, Assumption Parish, in August 1869. 

Amand Bernard's seventh son Joseph Carville, born in Assumption Parish in March 1826, died at age 2 years, 2 months in May 1828.

Amand Bernard's eighth son Clermont Marcillien, called Marcillien, born in Assumption Parish in February 1828, died at age 14 1/2 in November 1842.

Amand Bernard's ninth and youngest son François Florentin, called Florentin, born in Assumption Parish in March 1830, married Amaselie, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Comeaux and Azélie Hébert, at the Paincourtville church in August 1853.  Their son Joseph Meridier was born in Assumption Parish in January 1858.  

Yves's third son Magloire, baptized at Assumption in December 1797, died in Assumption Parish in August 1834.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Magloire was age 31 years old when he died, but he was at least 36.  He evidently never married.  

Yves's fourth and youngest son Jean-Baptiste, born at Assumption in October 1799, married Marine, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Landry and Rosalie Hébert, at the Plattenville church in April 1817.  The priest who recorded the marriage noted that the groom's father was deceased.  Jean Baptiste died in Assumption Parish in November 1822, age 23.  His daughter married into the Simoneaux family.  He fathered no sons, so his line of the family, except for its blood, died with him.  

Julien (1770-c1820) Crochet

Julien, third and youngest surviving son of Yves Crochet and Pélagie Benoit, born at Quesny, France, in March 1770, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and siblings and followed them to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Julien married Marguerite, daughter of French Creole Nicolas Bélanger and Marguerite Lejeune of False River, Pointe-Coupée, at Baton Rouge in 1798 but settled on the upper bayou with his older brothers.  Julien died in either Lafourche Interior or Terrebonne Parish in c1820, in his late 40s or early 50s.  His daughters married into the Bonvillain, Comeaux, and Gauthier families.  During the antebellum period, his sons and grandsons moved down bayou into Lafourche Interior and Terrebonne parishes.  After the War of 1861-65, one grandson moved to the Brashear City, now Morgan City/Berwick area, on the lower Atchafalaya, but most of Julien's descendants remained in Terrebonne Parish.  

Oldest son Nicolas Léandre, called Léandre, born at Baton Rouge in December 1800, married Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Bergeron and Victoire Benoit, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in October 1822.  The parish clerk who recorded the marriage noted that the groom's father was deceased.  They remained in Terrebonne Parish.  In 1860, the federal census taker in Terrebonne Parish counted a single slave--a 12-year-old female mulatto--on Léandre Crochet's farm in the parish's Ward 8.  His daughters married into the Bergeron, Chiasson, Mazeirac, Neal, Robertson, and Robichaux families.  Five of their seven sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Julien Romain le jeune, born in Terrebonne Parish in June 1823, married a young widow, Rebecca, daughter of Abel Cooper, also called Burket, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in August 1856.  Their son Auguste was born near Montegut the following October, and Désiré Léandre in August 1862.  

Léandre's second son Jules Léandre, born in Terrebonne Parish in August 1826, married Louisiane Elisa, also called Elisa, daughter of Aaron King and Mélasie Bergeron, perhaps an Acadian, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in March 1856.  Their son Jean Baptiste had been born in Terrebonne Parish in January 1854.  Jules remarried to Clémence, daughter of Francois Lecompte and Adèle Gisclard and widow of E. Bélanger, at the Montegut church in May 1867.  

Léandre's third son Hippolyte Nicolas, born in Terrebonne Parish in January 1835, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Léandre's fourth son Jean Charles, born in Terrebonne Parish in May 1837, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Léandre's fifth son Henri, born in Terrebonne Parish probably in the 1840s, married Augustine or Justine, daughter of fellow Acadian Auguste Robichaux and his Creole wife Célestine Gisclard, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in January 1859, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church in March 1865.  Their son Adam Justilien was born in Terrebonne Parish in June 1859, Alexandre Alfred in April 1861, and Omer Franklin Clémile in November 1870.  

Léandre's sixth son Théophile, born in Terrebonne Parish probably in the 1840s, married Rosina, daughter of Anaclet Labit and Céleste Pichoff, at the Houma church in December 1869.  Their son Joseph Numa was born near Montegut in October 1870. 

Léandre's seventh and youngest son Thomas Robert or Albert, called Albert, born in Terrebonne Parish in October 1849, married Marie, another daughter of Auguste Robichaux and Célestine Gisclard, at the Montegut church in June 1867.  Their son Joseph Adam was born near Montegut in October 1868.   

Julien's second son Eléonore or Léonore, born probably in the late 1800s or early 1810s, married Élise, daughter of Laurent Pichoff and his Acadian wife Claire Trahan, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in July 1828.  Their daughters married into the Arcement, Babin, Bergeron, and Boudreaux families.  Two of Léonore's sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Jules, born in either Terrebonne or Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1829, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Léonore's second son Amédée Franklin, called Franklin, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in March 1834, married Madeleine Lorenza, daughter of fellow Acadians François Babin and Marie Clouâtre, probably in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in the 1850s, and sanctified their marriage at the Houma church in April 1862.  Their son Franklin Édouard was born in Terrebonne Parish in May 1858, and Jules Amédée in June 1861.  

Léonore's third son Édouard or Edward Joseph, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in February 1838, married Eveline, daughter of Adelin Bergeron, perhaps a fellow Acadian, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in June 1854, and sanctified their marriage at the Houma church in November 1866.  Their son Joseph Aristide was born in Terrebonne Parish in September 1866.  During the War of 1861-65, Edward served in Company H of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Terrebonne Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

Léonore's fourth and youngest son Clet Émile, born in Terrebonne Parish in March 1852, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Julien's third son Julien Romain, born in Assumption Parish in August 1815, died in September 1829, age 14.

Julien's fourth son Paulin, also called Magloire, born probably in Assumption Parish in the late 1810s, married Clementine, also called Thérèse, Bonvillain probably in Terrebonne Parish in the mid- or late 1830s.  Their daughters married into the Labit and Legrand families.  Paulin died in Terrebonne Parish in May 1847, probably in his late 30s.  His succession record, filed at the Houma courthouse in October 1849.    

Older son Hubert Prosper, called Prosper, was born in either Terrebonne or Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1842.  During the War of 1861-65, Prosper served in Company K of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Terrebonne Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He married Susanne, daughter of Jacques Labit and his Acadian wife Henriette Roger, at the Houma church in May 1865.  

Paulin's younger son Joseph Henry, born probably in Terrebonne Parish in August 1844, married Marie, daughter of Narcisse Marcel and Céleste Rhodes, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in June 1867, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church in March 1869.  Their son Joseph Norbert was born in Terrebonne Parish in April 1868.  

Julien's fifth and youngest son Henri or Henry, born probably in the late 1810s, married Marie Thérèse, also called Myrthe, daughter of William C. Watkins and Uranie Bonvillain, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in December 1839.  Henry died in Terrebonne Parish in December 1850, probably in his early 30s.  One of his sons married by 1870. 

Older son Henry Désiré, born in either Terrebonne or Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1840, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Henri's younger son Pierre Adam, called Adam, born in Terrebonne Parish in August 1848, married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Guidry and Marie Pauline Henry, at the Brashear, now Morgan, City church, St. Mary Parish, in June 1870.  By the early 1870s, Adam had moved his family to Berwick, across the Atchafalaya River from Brashear.  Adam remarried to Gracieuse Pennison at the Morgan City church in May 1880, and remarried again--his third marriage--to Mary, daughter of Jean La Cossette, and his Acadian wife, a Gautreaux, at the Morgan City church in December 1888.   

Daigre/Daigle

Olivier Daigre, born in France in c1643, reached Acadia by c1666, the year he married Marie, daughter of Denis Gaudet and Martine Gauthier.  Between 1667 and 1681, Marie gave Olivier 10 children, seven sons and three daughters.  Olivier died at Port-Royal before c1686, in his early 40s, and Marie remarried to a Fardel or Fredelle.  Two of Olivier's daughters married into the Sibilau, Gouzil, Poitevin dit Parisien, and Tennier or Thénière families.  Second daughter Marie bore two "natural" children, both daughters, by Gabriel Moulaison dit Recontre and Louis Blin evidently between her two marriages to Pierre Sibilau and Jacques Gouzil.  She had legitimate children--a son and three daughters--only by her second husband, Jacques Gouzil.  Olivier's youngest daughter and her family perished aboard the British transport Violet in a North Atlantic storm during the deportation of the island Acadians to France in late 1758.  Only two of Olivier's seven sons, the third and fifth, created their own families by marrying into the Bourg and Blanchard families.  The third son's line was especially vigorous.  In 1755, Olivier's descendants could be found at Annapolis Royal; Grand-Pré and Piguiguit in the Minas Basin; Chignecto; the trois-rivières area west of Chignecto; and on Île St.-Jean and Île Royale in the French Maritimes.  By then, the family's name had evolved from Daigre to Daigle, though some members of the family retained the original spelling.  

 Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered this large family even farther.  The Acadians at Chignecto were the first to endure a disruption of their lives.  In the early 1750s, Canadian soldiers, assisted by Mi'kmaq warriors led by Abbé Le Loutre, burned Acadian homesteads in the British-controlled area east of Rivière Missaguash, forcing the habitants to move to the French-controlled area west of the river.  Daigres may have been among the refugees.  After yet another war erupted between Britain and France in 1754, the Chignecto Acadians were caught in the middle of it.  When British and New England forces attacked Fort Beauséjour in June 1755, Daigres may have been among the 300 Chignecto Acadians serving in the fort as militia.  They, too, along with the French troupes de la marine, became prisoners of war when the fort surrendered on June 16.  Governor Lawrence was so incensed to find so-called French Neutrals fighting with French regulars at Beauséjour he ordered his officers to deport the Chignecto Acadians to the southernmost British colonies on the Atlantic seaboard.  A Daigre family was transported to South Carolina aboard the transport Edward Cornwallis, which reached Charles Town on November 19.  Also aboard one of the south-bound transports was a Daigre widow and three of her sons.  The following August, the Daigres, including the widow and he sons, were sent with two dozen other Acadians from Charles Town to Prince Frederick Winyaw, a rural Anglican parish farther up the coast at present-day Plantersville. 

Daigres from Minas were deported to Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Massachusetts in the fall of 1755.  The many Daigres sent to Virginia suffered the indignity of being turned away by the colony's authorities.  They languished in the lower James River aboard disease-infested ships until Governor Dinwiddie ordered them dispersed to Hampton, Norfolk, and Richmond, while he and the colony's political leaders pondered their fate.  The following spring, the Virginians sent them on to England, where they were packed into warehouses in several English ports and treated like common criminals.  At least one Daigre died during the crossing to England.  Most of the many Daigres in England were held at Falmouth in Cornwall, but others were held at Southampton and up in Liverpool.  The death toll among members of the family was especially pronounced at Falmouth, where the exiles were struck by a smallpox epidemic soon after reaching the Cornish port.  Others died at Liverpool and Southampton during their first year in England, but life went on, even amidst the squalor of the prison compounds.  Many Daigres married fellow Acadians, and more children were born.  Unlike in Virginia, colonial authorities in Maryland held the Acadians until the end of the war with France.  At least one Daigre family was sent to Pennsylvania.  Several Daigre families were deported to Massachusetts, where they lived at Milton and Boston.  

Daigres who escaped the British roundups in 1755 took refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore or moved on to Canada.  At least two married brothers and members of their families were likely victims of a smallpox epidemic that struck Acadian refugees in and around Québec in the fall and winter of 1757-58.  Daigres also married in the Canadian capital and bore more children there. 

Living in territory controlled by France, none of the Daigres in the Maritimes were touched by the British roundup in Nova Scotia in 1755.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the British captured the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, they gathered up most of the Acadians on the islands, many Daigres among them, and deported them to St.-Malo and other French ports.  One Daigre family, with many of their neighbors at Malpèque, escaped the British roundup and sought refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  In October 1760, after the British attacked Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs that July, a Daigre from Chignecto and Île St.-Jean and his family of 10 were counted at the French stronghold, having escaped the British again.  A few years later, however, members of the family were being held in British prisoner-of-war compounds in Nova Scotia.  But most of the Daigres on Île Royale and Île St.-Jean were not so lucky.  The 1758 crossing to France devastated entire families.  Daigres, including an entire family, perished aboard the British transport Violet, which sank in a mid-Atlantic storm on November 25.  Other Daigre families were devastated in the crossing of the British transport Duke William, which suffered a mishap, likely an explosion, in mid-ocean before limpint into St.-Malo the first of November.  Most of the island Daigres crossed on one of the five British transports that left the Gut of Canso in late November and reached St.-Malo in late January 1759.  The death toll among the 1,033 passengers aboard those vessels reached nearly 50 percent, many of them Daigres.  Another Daigre died in the crossing to St.-Malo aboard an unnamed vessel.  Island Daigres who survived the terrible crossing did their best to make a life for themselves in the teeming suburbs of St.-Malo.  They settled at St.-Servan, Trigavou, Pleudihen, Pleslin, Mordreuc, Les Villes Morvues, La Gravelle, Le Coquenais, Lysnais, Gallienne, Crehen, Pleurtuit, and Plouër.  Island Daigres ended up in other French ports, including Rochefort, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Cherbourg, and Le Havre.  Some joined their kinsmen in the St.-Malo suburbs at the first opportunity.  In the spring of 1763, after prolonged negotiations between the French and British governments, the Acadians in England who had gone there from Virginia were repatriated to France, many Daigres among them.  They landed at St.-Malo, Morlaix, and other ports.  They were especially plentiful aboard the transports L'Ambition and La Dorothée, which took them to St.-Malo. 

In late autumn 1765, Daigres repatriated from England to Morlaix, many of them brothers, along with a Daigre cousin deported to St.-Malo from the French Maritimes, agreed to become part of a new agricultural settlement on Belle-Île-en-Mer off the southern coast of Brittany.  They settled on the island at Chubiguer and Kerbellec near Le Palais, Kervellent and Kerson near Sauzon, Les Cosquet near Locmaria, and at Tynever near Bangor.  In the early 1770s, Daigres in several port cities chose to take part in another settlement venture, this one in Poitou.  French authorities were tired of providing for the Acadians languishing in the port cities.  A French nobleman offered to settle them on land he owned near the city of Châtellerault.  After two years of effort, however, most of the Daigres abandoned the Poitou venture and retreated to the port city of Nantes, where they lived as best they could on government handouts and what work they could find.  Some families grew larger, some became smaller, while others were created in the Breton port.  They lived in the parishes of St.-Similien, St.-Nicolas, and St.-Jacques, at Paimboeuf, and at nearby Chantenay.  Some of the Daigres who settled at Nantes did not come there from Poitou.  Two of the Daigre brothers who had gone to Belle-Île-en-Mer moved to the Breton port in the early 1780s, perhaps lured there by promises of a new life in Spanish Louisiana.

According to Acadian genealogist Bona Arsenault, one Daigre family, instead of going to Poitou from St.-Servan with dozens of their fellow Acadians, joined, instead, an expedition of other exiles led by ship captain Charles Robin to the British-controlled Channel island of Jersey in 1774.  From Jersey, they recrossed the North Atlantic and settled at the fishery on the Baie des Chaleurs, where, Arsenault insists, members of the family were counted in 1791 and 1792.  They also settled at St.-Basile-de-Madawaska on upper Rivière St.-Jean, and at Richibouctou on the eastern shore of New Brunswick.  Albert J. Robichaux, Jr.'s study of the Acadians in France, however, shows that the father of the family died at St.-Servan in July 1774 and that at least his oldest son remained in France.  The death of a young Daigre daughter at St.-Servan in August 1779, hints that he widow also remained in France with her younger children.  If any of her Daigre children "returned" to North America, they likely did not do it in the 1770s. 

During their two and a half decades in the mother country, Acadian Daigres proliferated, even prospered, despite the frustrations of living there.  Yet, in the early 1780s, when the Spanish government offered the Acadians in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana, at least 58 Daigres from the St.-Malo area, Belle-Île-en-Mer, and especially from Nantes, agreed to take it.  But many other Daigres, including the majority of them on Belle-Île-en-Mer,  chose to remain in the mother country. 

In North America, following the war with Britain, Acadians being held in the seaboard colonies were allowed to leave, but not until British officials counted them and discerned their intentions.  In June 1763, Pennsylvania authorities counted a Daigre family in that colony.  In July, colonial officials in Maryland counted Daigres at Newtown on the colony's Eastern Shore.  In August, colonial officials in Massachusetts noted that at least two Daigre famililes were still in the colony.   Most of the Acadians in the northern seaboard colonies chose to go to Canada, Daigres among them.  Though now also a British possession, the northern province was populated largely by fellow French Catholics, many of them Acadian exiles.  So, in a colony nearly as old as Acadia, descendants of Olivier Daigre began the slow, inexorable process of becoming Canadiennes.  Especially after 1766, Daigres could be found in present-day Québec Province at Québec City, especially at St.-Ambroise, today's Loretteville; St.-Jacques-l'Achigan north of Montréal; St.-Ours on the lower Richelieu, where they were especially plentiful; Charlesbourg and Montmagny on the St.-Lawrence below Québec City; and Bonaventure and Carleton in Gaspésie on the north shore of the Baie des Chaleurs.  They also settled at Richibouctou and Nipisiguit, today's Bathhurst, in present-day northeastern New Brunswick; and at St.-Basile-de-Madawaska on upper Rivière St.-Jean in northwestern New Brunswick.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, the Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and, until the Acadian reunions of the twentieth century, may even have forgotten the others existed. 

The few Daigres remaining in South Carolina and a Daigre family from Pennsylvania chose to emigrate to French St.-Domingue, where they could live not only among fellow Roman Catholics, but also in territory controlled by France.  French officials encouraged Acadians to go to the sugar island to work a huge naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas.  Although driven from North America by the Seven Years' War, the French were determined to hang on to what was left of their western empire.  The new naval base on the north shore of St.-Domingue would protect the approaches to their remaining possessions in the Caribbean Basin.  The Acadians could provide a source of cheap labor.  To entice them to the tropical island, the French promised the Acadians land of their own.  It must have worked out for members of this family.  When fellow Acadians released from Nova Scotia and Maryland came through Cap-Français in the 1760s on their way to Louisiana, none of the Daigres in St.-Domingue chose to join them.  A Daigre also ended up at Champflore, Martinique. 

A hand full of Daigres also ended up in the prison compound at Halifax, Nova Scotia.  After the war with Britain, some of them chose to settle on the French-controlled island of Miquelon off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  At least one of them joined hundreds of other Acadians in their search for a new home in the Mississippi River valley.  The refugees in Maryland endured life among English colonists who did not care much for the French "papists" who had been thrust upon them.  When word reached the Acadians there that they would be welcome in Spanish Louisiana, they pooled their meager resources to charter ships that would take them to New Orleans.  A Daigre and his family, however, were among the minority of Acadians in the Cheaspeake colony who chose to remain there before moving on to Canada.  One of their sons evidently did not join them in their journey to the Montréal area.  An historian of the Acadians in Maryland notes that this Daigle became "the captain of the Baltimore-Norfolk packet line who figures so prominently in city records."

Daigres were among the early settlers of Acadia, but most of them came "late" to Louisiana.  In fact, if the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to the colony, the Acadian branch of the Daigre/Daigle family would be a small one in the Bayou State today, if it existed there at all.  The first member of the family to emigrate to Louisiana--a teenage orphan from Minas--came from Halifax via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, in 1765 and settled at the established Acadian settled of Cabahannocer before moving up to Baton Rouge.  Not until nearly two decades later, in 1785, did more Acadian Daigre/Daigles reach the colony--58 of them, including nearly a dozen families, aboard six of the Seven Ships from France.  They settled on the river above and below New Orleans, most of them at Manchac at the southern edge of the Baton Rouge District; and some in the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores north of Baton Rouge, which they abandoned in the early 1790s.  During the following decades, these river families settled along the entire length of the old Acadian Coast in what became East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge, Iberville, Ascension, and St. James parishes.  They were especially numerous in the Baton Rouge/Manchac area. 

Acadian Daigles from France also settled on upper Bayou Lafourche, which became a second important center of family settlement that eventually stretched all the way down into the Terrebonne country.  (The town of Daigle north of Houma attests to the family's settlement there.)  Most of the Lafourche valley Daigles, however, remained in Assumption Parish, especially around Paincourtville.  During the late antebellum and immediate post-war periods, some of them left the bayou and settled near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret.  Meanwhile, in the late 1790s, a Daigle from the river crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and settled in the Attakapas District, but his line did not survive.  During the antebellum period, Daigles from Assumption and the Baton Rouge area settled on Bayou Teche and created a small western branch of the family.  Late in the period, a few of their cousins from Assumption moved to the Brashear, now Morgan, City area, on the lower Atchafalaya, but the number of Acadian Daigles west of the Basin remained small in comparison to their cousins on the river and in the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley. 

(Not all of the Daigles of South Louisiana are descendants of Olivier Daigre of Port-Royal.  Étienne dit Marlborough d'Aigle, a French-Canadian with German-Austrian roots, came to the colony in the 1720s, decades before his Acadian namesakes, and settled across from Chapitoulas just upriver from New Orleans before moving to St.-Charles des Allemands on the Lower German Coast.  By the early 1800s, some of his great-grandsons had crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Opelousas prairies and settled along upper Bayou Plaquemine Brûlé near present-day Church Point.  Most of the Daigles of southwest Louisiana are descended from these French Canadians, some of whom took Acadian wives soon after they reached the prairies.  Other non-Acadian Daigles may have lived on the river and in the Bayou Lafourche valley during the antebellum period, further complicating the family's genealogy.)

Dozens of Daigres and Daigles, both Acadian and French Canadian, served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65.  At least two of them died in Confederate service, both from disease. ...

In Acadia and during Le Grand Dérangement, the family's surname evolved from Daigre to Daigle, though many members of the family, especially in the Baton Rouge area, retained the original spelling.  In Louisiana, the family's name also is spelled Aigle, D'aigle, D'aigre, D'aigrin, Daigue, Daygle, Deagle, Degg, Degle, D'egle, Deglet, Degre, Degue, Degues, Deigue, Desgre, Deygle, Diegle, Digue.06

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The first Acadian Daigre in Louisiana was a 14-year-old orphan who reached the colony in 1765 from Halifax.  Agnès-Marie, a native of Malpèque, Île St.-Jean, married into the Thériot family at Cabahannocer on the Acadian Coast in April 1771 and died at Baton Rouge four decades later.

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The first Acadian Daigre "family"--a childless elderly couple--came to Louisiana from France aboard Le Bon Papa, the first of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in July 1785, but no family line came of it:

Charles (1731-?) à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Charles, fils, second son of Charles Daigre and Françoise Doucet, born at Pigiguit in August 1731, evidently moved to the French Maritimes after 1752 and before 1755, when the British deported his family to Massachusetts.  Charles, fils married Anne-Marie, daughter of Joseph Vincent and ____, probably on Île St.-Jean in c1758.  The British deported them to St.-Malo, France, in late 1758.  They settled in St.-Malo suburb of Trigavou, where Charles worked as a ploughman and a pulley maker.  They were that rare Acadian couple who had no children.  They likely were among the hundred of Acadians in the port cities who went to Poitou in the early 1770s and retreated to the Breton port of Nantes in 1775 and 1776.  A Spanish official counted them at Nantes in September 1784.  They emigrated to Louisiana the following year and followed the majority of their fellow passengers to Manchac south of Baton Rouge.  At age 54, Charles remarried to Marie-Françoise or Françoise-Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Paul Boudrot and Madeleine- or Marie-Josèphe Doiron and widow of Joseph Clossinet and Marin Dugas, at Manchac in February 1786.  She gave him no children.  During the late 1780s, they followed other river Acadians to upper Bayou Lafourche, where they appeared in Spanish census records as late as January 1798.  Charles died probably on the upper bayou not long after the census.  His line of the family died with him. 

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Eleven more Daigres--a bachelor, two female orphans, three wives, a widow, and a small family--came to Louisiana from France aboard La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-August.  They followed their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche, which became the first center of Daigre family settlement in the colony: 

Eustache (1728-1790s) à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Eustache, fourth son of Bernard Daigre, fils and Angélique Richard, born at Grand-Pré in May 1728, was deported to Virginia in 1755 and to England in the spring of 1756.  At age 31, he married Madeleine, daughter of Charles Dupuis and Marie-Madeleine Trahan of Rivière-aux-Canards, at Southampton, England, in 1759.  Between 1760 and 1784, Madeleine gave Eustache 10 children, seven sons and three daughters, in England and France.  The family repatriated to France in May 1763 aboard L'Ambition and settled at Plouër near St.-Malo, where Eustache worked as a day laborer and carpenter.  Two of his daughters born at Plouèr died young.  The family did not follow other Acadians from England to Belle-Île-en-Mer in November 1765.  In the early 1770s, the family went, instead, to Poitou with hundreds of other Acadians in the St.-Malo area and retreated to Nantes in March 1776.   Three of their sons, born at Nantes, died there in infancy.  Oldest daughter Marie-Marguerite married into the Hébert family at Nantes.  One wonders what happened to Eustache's oldest son Pierre, born in England in c1760, who did not go with them to Louisiana.  Eustache, Madeleine, and three of their younger sons, one of them an infant, along with their married daughter and her family, emigrated to Louisiana in 1785 and followed their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Eustache died there in the early 1790s, in his early 60s.  Madeleine did not remarry.  She died in Assumption Parish in September 1816, in her mid-70s.  Two of their three sons created their own families in Assumption Parish, but only one of the lines endured. 

Second son Jean-Joseph, born at Plouër, France, in January 1770, followed his family to Poitou, Nantes, and Louisiana and settled wit them on upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Anne-Françoise, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon Mazerolle and his first wife Marguerite Trahan, in April 1792.  Anne-Françoise also had come to Louisiana aboard La Bergère.  Jean died in Assumption Parish in December 1829, age 60.  He and his wife may have been that rare Acadian couple who had no children.  

Eustache's third son Charles-Marc, born at Plouër in February 1772, followed his family to Poitou, Nantes, and Louisiana and settled with them on upper Bayou Lafourche.  He died at nearby Ascension in December 1799, age 27.  He did not marry.  

Eustache's seventh and youngest son Étienne, baptized at St.-Nicolas, Nantes, age unrecorded, in December 1784, followed his family to Louisiana and settled with them on upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Landry and Osite Landry, at Assumption in February 1804.  Étienne died in Assumption Parish in July 1819, age 35.  One of his daughters married into the Trahan family.  His daughter Constance drowned in Bayou Lafourche in July 1824, age 15.  Only half of his six sons created families of their own.  They remained in Assumption Parish.  Some of his descendants settled at Pierre Part north of Lake Verret in the northwest corner of the parish. 

Oldest son Joseph Étienne, born at Assumption in November 1804, married cousin Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Daigle and Marguerite Simoneaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1823.  Their son Vincent de Paul Valsin, called Valsin, was born in Assumption Parish in July 1824 but died at age 9 in June 1833; Blaise Sylvain was born in February 1826; and Urbin Amédée in July 1828 but died at age 2 1/2 in March 1831.  They also had a son named Marcellin.  Their daughter married into the Foret family.  Céleste died in Assumption Parish in June 1834, age 27.  Joseph remarried to Eugènie, also called Virginie, daughter of André Kent, Carle, Karne, Kerne, or Querne and Madeleine Burt and widow of ____, at the Plattenville church in August 1841.  Their twin sons Félix and Joseph Romain were born near Plattenville in May 1842 but Joseph Romain may have died at age 3 in August 1845; Joseph Victor was baptized at the Paincourtville church, age unrecorded, in May 1844; Sead Gilbert was born in July 1847; and Étienne Alze in August 1849.  Their daughter married a Daigle cousin and settled near Brashear, now Morgan, City on the lower Atchafalaya.  A son settled near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret.  At least two of Étienne's sons married by 1870.

Older son Marcellin, by first wife Céleste Simoneaux, married Joséphine, daughter of Hursin, probably Ursin, Querne or Kerne and his Acadian wife Adèle Boudreaux, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in July 1858.

Joseph Étienne's fifth son Félix, by second wife Virginie Kerne, married cousin Celina, daughter of fellow Acadians Valéry Blanchard and Augustine Thériot, at the Pierre Part church, Assumption Parish, in April 1866; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.

Étienne's second son Elias Joseph, born in Assumption Parish in February 1810, died there at age 3 1/2 in August 1814.  

Étienne's third son Ursin Raymond, born in Assumption Parish in April 1811, married Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Chrysostôme Trahan and Madeleine Guidry of Assumption Parish, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in October 1830.  Their son Charles Firmin was born in Assumption Parish in September 1832 but died at age 2 in November 1834.  Ursin remarried to Mathilde or Bathilde, daughter of fellow Acadians François Theriot and Marie Bourg, at the Plattenville church in January 1834.  Their son Eusilien François was born in Assumption Parish in September 1834; Joseph Étienne died at age 6 weeks in October 1836; Étienne Désiré, perhaps called Désiré, was born in February 1838; Ursin Crepin, called Crepin, near Plattenville in July 1841; Victor near Paincourtville in September 1844; Joseph Uzere in November 1849; Étienne Diogène in September 1852; and Joseph Elphége in October 1860.  Their daughters married into the Dugas and Maroir families.  Ursin died near Pierre Part in February 1864, age 52.  Four of his sons married by 1870.

Second son Eusilien, by second wife Mathilde Theriot, married Augustine, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Dugas and Adeline Babin, at the Paincourtville church in January 1856.  Their son Israël Eusilien was born near Paincourtville in May 1863, and Augustin in January 1869. 

Ursin Raymond's fourth son Désiré, by second wife Mathilde Theriot, may have married cousin Fideline or Fidelia Daigle.  Their son Joseph Alcée was born near Attakapas Canal, Assumption Parish, in October 1861. 

Ursin Raymond's fifth son Crepin, by second wife Mathilde Theriot, married Clementine, daughter of Romain Friou and his Acadian wife Adeline Dupuis, at the Plattenville church in April 1861.  Crepin died near Paincourtville in October 1869; the priest who recorded his burial said that Crepin died at "age ca. 25 years," but he was 28.  Did he father any sons? 

Ursin Raymond's sixth son Victor, by second wife Mathilde Theriot, married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadian Sylvain Hébert and his Creole wife Marie Juno, at the Paincourtville church in January 1869.  Their son Joseph Crepin was born near Paincourtville in October 1870. 

Étienne's fourth son Valéry Tibodau, called Tibodau, born in Assumption Parish in July 1813, died there in June 1833, age 20, evidently before he could marry.  

Étienne's fifth son Marcellin Auguste, born in Assumption Parish in April 1817, died there in August 1834.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Marcellin was age 20 when he died, but he was 17.  He did not marry.  

Étienne's sixth and youngest son Romain Emerant, born posthumously in Assumption Parish in February 1820, married Marie Azélie, called Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Dugas and Marie Landry, at the Plattenville church in May 1839.  Their son Joseph Gervais was born near Paincourtville in June 1846.  Romain remarried to Louise, daughter of fellow Acadian Étienne Giroir, at the Plattenville church in May 1852.  Their son Joseph Alcide was born near Plattenville in August 1856.

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin (1763-1815) à Pierre à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin, third son of Alexandre Daigre and Élisabeth Granger, born at Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, in January 1763, became an engraver in France.  He came to Louisiana in 1785 as a young bachelor and followed the majority of his fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marie-Josèphe-Françoise, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel Levron and Marguerite Trahan, in January 1788.  Marie also was a native of Boulogne-sur-Mer and had come to Louisiana aboard Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships.  In the baptismal record of daughter Marie-Claire, born in January 1797 and baptized at New Orleans the following March, Alexis and his wife are described as "residents of this parish," so they must have lived in the city before returning to the upper bayou, where they were counted again in April 1797.  Mathurin died in Assumption Parish in October 1815.  The Plattenville priest who recorded his burial said that Mathurin was age 50 when he died, but he was 52.  His daughters married into the Malbrough family.  Four of his six sons created families of their own.  Unlike their cousins, the great majority of whom remained in Assumption Parish, Mathurin's many sons and grandsons moved down bayou into Lafourche Interior and Terrebonne parishes. 

Oldest son Joseph-Alex, born at Lafourche in November 1788, married Marie Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Richard and Marie Trahan of Lafourche, at the Plattenville church in March 1818.  Their daughters married into the Deoux and Lamoureaux families.  Four of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Alexandre Joseph or Joseph Alexandre, called Alexandre, born in Assumption Parish in February 1819, married Odile Victorine, called Victorine, daughter of Auguste Bernon, Berland, Bernar, or Bernou and his French-Canadian wife Anne Arcenot of Terrebonne Parish, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in August 1841.  Their son Joseph Alcée, called Alcée, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in April 1845; and Augustin, also called Sylvain, in June 1847.  Alexandre died in Lafourche Parish in November 1855, age 36.  A petition for succession inventory in his name was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse on Christmas Eve.  His daughters married into the Daigle and Ribbeck families.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Older son Joseph Alcée, Joseph Alcée married Evelina, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Boudreaux and his Creole wife Rosalie Malbrough, at the Thibodaux church in March 1864.  Their son Alcée, fils died in Lafourche Parish, age 4 months, in March 1865. 

Joseph Alex's second son Matherne or Mathurin Magloire, born in Assumption Parish, in October 1825, married Marie Elesida, Elizida, or Lesida, daughter of fellow Acadians Ambroise Dugas and Marcellite Bourgeois, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in July 1847.  Their son Mathurin Octave was born in Lafourche Parish in March 1857; Joseph Augustin Paulin near Chacahoula, Terrebonne Parish, in May 1859; and Pierre Edgard in October 1861.  Their daughter married into the Breaux family. 

Joseph Alex's third son Joseph Joachim, called Joachim, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1830, married Joséphine, also called Delphine, daughter of Aubin Bénoni Thibodaux, a son of the governor, and his Acadian wife Eugènie Hébert, at the Thibodaux church in December 1849.  Their son Joseph le jeune was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1850, Edgar in died 4 days after his birth in October 1854, Louis Alfred was born in October 1859 but died at age 9 months in August 1860, and Adam was born in May 1863.  Joachim remarried to Marie, also called Uranie and Ulalie, daughter of Creoles Zéphirin Olivier and Delphine Chichenouch and widow of Louis Pontiff, at the Thibodaux church in May 1867.  They moved to the Abbeville area, Vermilion Parish.  Their son Dominique was born there in July 1870. 

Joseph Alex's fourth son Charles Henri, called Henri, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1832, married Ophelia, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Noël Boudreaux and his Creole wife Aimée Caroline Olivier, at the Thibodaux church in August 1855; the marriage also was registered in Terrebonne Parish.  Their son Joseph Pierre was born in Lafourche Parish in June 1856, Henri Edgard in January 1858 but may have died the day of his birth, and twins Joseph and Pierre were born in October 1865. 

Joseph Alex's fifth and youngest son Joseph Émile, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1842, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin's second son Charles-Marie, born at Lafourche in March 1790, probably died young.

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin's third son Jean-Baptiste, born at Lafourche in April 1792, married Marie Carmelite, also called Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Lejeune and Marie Bonne Adélaïde Landry, at the Plattenville church in June 1816.  Their daughters married into the Leonard and Richoux families. 

Oldest son Joseph, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1821, may have died young. 

Jean Baptiste's second son Jean Baptiste Onésime or Olésime, called Olésime, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1824, married Angelle Modeste, called Modeste, daughter of fellow Acadian Eugène Bourgeois and his Creole wife Angélique Barrios, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1850.  Their son Emmanuel Eugène was born near Lockport in December 1851, Charles Désiré near Raceland in October 1857, and Adam in January 1860. 

Jean Baptiste's third son Séraphin, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1826, also may have died young. 

Jean Baptiste's fourth and youngest son Barthélemy Adam, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1831, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin's fourth son Sylvestre-Joseph, born at Lafourche in September 1794, probably died young.  

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin's fifth son Mathurin, fils, born at Lafourche in March 1799, married Eméranthe, daughter of fellow Acadians François Marie Gautreaux and Félicité Hébert, at the Plattenville church in January 1822.  Their daughters married into the Adoue or Adoux, Delaune, Dugas, Labie or Labit, Lapeyrouse, Louviere, and Navarre families.  Mathurin, fils remarried to Marie Elise, called Elise or Lise, 15-year-old daughter of Nicolas Lirette and Marie Josèphe Malbrough, at the Thibodauxville church in April 1826; the marriage also was registered in Terrebonne Parish.  According to Terrebonne Parish court records, in June 1842, Mathurin, fils assumed tutelage of his niece Emérente Malbrough, daughter of his sister Marie Scholastique, called Colastie, who had married Joseph Guillaume Malbrough.  Three of his seven sons married by 1870. 

His oldest son, name and age unrecorded, by first wife Eméranth Gautreaux, died in Assumption Parish in October 1822. 

Mathurin, fils's second son Lessin, by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in April 1827, married Marie Pamela, called Pamela, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Valéry Gautreaux and Théotiste Louvière, at the Thibodaux church in February 1849.  Their son Treville Noël was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1849, and Orvile in November 1856.

Mathurin, fils's third son Leufroi, by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1831, married Rosalie or Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Eugène Thibodeaux and Rosalie Henry, at the Thibodaux church in June 1854; the marriage also was registered in Terrebonne Parish.  Their son Alae Calix was born in Lafourche Parish in October 1856, Joseph Ellis in Terrebonne Parish in February 1859, Alfred Camille in Lafourche Parish in May 1860, and Joseph Elphége in June 1862.  Leufroi remarried to Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Babin and , at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in February 1865.

Mathurin, fils's fourth son Octave, by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1841, married Marie Zulema or Zulma, daughter of fellow Acadian Forestal Dugas and his Creole wife Marie Adèle Bernon, at the Thibodaux church in September 1861.  Octave remarried to cousin Marie Evelina, Eveline, or Alexina, daughter of fellow Acadian Alexandre Joseph Daigle, his first cousin, and his Creole wife Victorine Bernon, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in February 1865, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church in April 1866.  Their son Joseph Camille was born in Lafourche Parish in September 1867.

Mathurin, fils's fifth son Joseph A., by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1843, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870. 

Mathurin, fils's sixth son Mathurin Ferdinand, by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1851, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.

Mathurin, fils's seventh and youngest son Joseph, by second wife Lise Lirette, born in Lafourche Parish in July 1854, died there at age 3 1/2 in May 1858. 

Alexis-Jean-Mathurin's sixth and youngest son Pierre-Michel or Michel-Pierre, born at Lafourche in November 1800, married Marie Rosalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Benoît Gautreaux and Élisabeth Bergeron, at the Plattenville church in February 1821, and remarried to Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, another daughter of Nicolas Lirette and Marie Josèphe Malbrough, at the Thibodauxville church in October 1823; the marriage was registered in Terrebonne Parish also.  They were living at Bayou Cannes, Terrebonne Parish, by 1851.  Their daughters married into the Bergeron, Boudreaux, Gautreaux, Levron, and Porche or Poché families.  Their sons and grandsons, unlike their daughters, favored non-Acadian wives. 

Oldest son Joseph Michel, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in July 1825, married Marcelline Delphine, called Delphine, daughter of François Michel Bouquet and his Acadian wife Marie Anne Henry, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in June 1848, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church in June 1849.  Their son Edmond Uter was born at Bayou Cannes, Terrebonne Parish, in November 1849; Adam Thalma in April 1852; and Frank in December 1854.  One of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Edmond married Émelie or Émilia, daughter of Jean Marie LeBoeuf and his Acadian wife Joséphine Babin, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in August 1867.

Pierre Michel's second son Césaire Odile, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1830, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.

Pierre Michel's third son Marcel Gervais, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1836, married Ada, daughter of Philippe Darce and Marie Emelina Dupré of Terrebonne Parish, at the Houma church in June 1856.  Their son William Wiley was born in Terrebonne Parish in April 1857, and Clovis Ulysse near Montegut in November 1868.

Pierre Michel's fourth son Marcellin Théodule, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1839, married Edmire or Elmire, daughter of Urbain Picou and his Acadian wife Marguerite Babin, at the Montegut church, Terrebonne Parish, in October 1866.  Marcellin died in Terrebonne Parish in November 1870.  The Houma priest who recorded his burial said that Marcellin died "at age 35 yrs.," but he was 31.  Did he father any sons? 

Pierre Michel's fifth son Émile Auguste, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1842, married Cécilia Antonita, Antoniata, or Autin, daughter of Fursi Porché and his Acadian wife Justine Aucoin, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in May 1865.  Their son Pierre Furri was born in Terrebonne Parish in August 1869. 

Pierre Michel's sixth and youngest son Joseph Artur, by second wife Carmelite Lirette, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1845, if he survived childhood did not marry by 1870.   

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Thirty-one more Daigres--six families, one led by a widow, another by a widower; an orphan; and a wife; one of the largest single Acadian family groups to reach the colony--came to Louisiana from France aboard Le Beaumont, the third of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in late August 1785.  They followed their fellow passengers to Manchac in the Baton Rouge District and created another center of Daigre family settlement: 

Olivier IV (1732-1787) à Olivier, fils à Olivier Daigre

Olivier IV, second son of Olivier III and Françoise Granger, born at Rivière-aux-Canards in  September 1732, married Marie, daughter of Pierre Landry and Marie-Josèphe LeBlanc, at Rivière-aux-Canards in August 1755, on the eve of their deportation to Virginia that fall.  Virginia officials sent them on to Falmouth, England, in the spring of 1756.  Marie died soon after their arrival, a victim, perhaps, of smallpox.  Olivier IV remarried to Marie-Blanche, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles LeBlanc and Élisabeth Thibodeau of Rivière-aux-Canards, at Falmouth in November 1758.  According to Bona Arsenault, between 1761 and 1782, Marie-Blanche gave Olivier IV nine children, six sons and three daughters.  Other records give them another daughter.  Olivier IV, his wife, and son were repatriated to Morlaix, France, in the spring of 1763.  In November 1765, they followed his family to Belle-Île-en-Mer, where they settled at Chubiguer near Le Palais.  Their son Michel, born probably at Morlaix in c1764, died on the island, age 30 months, in May 1766.  Marie-Blanche gave him many more children on the island.  In 1776, Olivier IV bought his younger brother Jean-Charles's land concession at Le Palais.  In the early 1780s, Olivier sold his concessions to older brother Honoré and took his family to Paimboeuf, the port for Nantes, where his youngest son was baptized in November 1783, age unrecorded.  A Spanish official counted Olivier and 10 children, six sons and four daughters, at Paimboeur in September 1784; Olivier was a widower by then.  He did not remarry.  In 1785, he and eight of his children, five sons and three daughters, emigrated to Louisiana.  (Son Jean-Pierre-Toussaint, who had been baptized at Paimboeuf two years earlier, did not sail with them, so he likely had died soon after his baptism.)  From New Orleans, Olivier and his children followed the majority of their fellow passengers to Manchac in the Baton Rouge District.  Olivier died at Manchac in August 1787, age 55.  His daughters married into the Breaux, Aucoin, Landry, and Aid families at Baton Rouge and San Gabriel on the river.  His five sons married into the Doiron, Landry, Trahan, and Hébert families, including two Landry sisters, at Manchac, Baton Rouge, and San Gabriel.  Youngest surviving son Honoré le jeune died in Iberville Parish in December 1752, among the last of the Acadian exiles in Louisiana to join his ancestors.

Oldest son Victor, by second wife Marie-Blanche LeBlanc, born probably at Falmouth, England, in December 1761, was repatriated with his family to Morlaix, France, in May 1763 and followed them to Belle-Île-en-Mer, where they were counted in 1765.  He became a carpenter when he came of age, followed his widowed father and siblings to Louisiana and settled at Fort Bute, Manchac, south of Baton Rouge, where he married Marguerite-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Doiron and Anne Thibodeau, in May 1786.  Marguerite-Josèphe also had come to Louisiana aboard Le Beaumont.  Victor died probably at Manchac in December 1788, age 27.  His two sons created their own families in what became West Baton Rouge Parish.

Older son Joseph, born at Manchac in May 1787, married Marie, daughter of Andrés Lopes de Acuna and his Acadian wife Catherine Broussard, probably at Manchac.  They settled in what became West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Jean Thomas was born at Manchac in December 1810, and Pierre Joseph Thomas December 1812.  Their daughters married into the Breaux and Tullier families. 

Victor's younger son Jean-Béloni, called Béloni, born at Manchac in October 1788, married cousin Anne Marie or Marie Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Trahan and Anne Geneviève Daigle, probably at Manchac.  Their son Pierre Aristide was born probably in West Baton Rouge Parish in December 1829, and Jean Deossilys in June 1832.  Their daughters married into the Aillet, Crochet, Doiron, Hébert, Labauve, LeBlanc, and Tullier families.  Béloni remarried to Modeste Prospere and settled near Baton Rouge by the early 1840s.  Their son Jean Ulysse was born in January 1845.  Their daughter married into the Francis family.  Béloni died near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in November 1853.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Béloni died at "age 58 yrs.," but he was 65. 

Olivier IV's second son François, by second wife Marie-Blanche LeBlanc, born at Le Palais, Belle-Île-en-Mer, France, in December 1765, also became a carpenter when he came of age, followed his widowed father and siblings to Louisiana, and settled with them at Manchac, where he married Servanne-Laurence, also called Honorienne and Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians René Landry and Marguerite Babin, in June 1793.  Servanne, sister of François's brother Simon-François's wife, had come to Louisiana aboard La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships.  François died near Baton Rouge in January 1839, age 73.  Only two of his five sons survived childhood and married, and only one of them fathered sons of his own. 

Oldest son Olivier-François, born at Manchac in October 1793, married cousin Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Paul Olivier Daigre and Marie Richard, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in January 1816.  One wonders if he was the Olivier Daigre "from the highlands" who died near Baton Rouge, age unrecorded, in July 1843.  If so, he would have been age 49 at the time of his death.  Carmelite, called "Mrs. Olivier Daigre," died near Baton Rouge in September 1855, age 59.  Did she and Olivier François have any children? 

François's second son Jean-Baptiste, born at Manchac in January 1795, died at age 6 months the following July.  

François's third son Joseph, born at Manchac in November 1796, died probably at Manchac in October 1809, age 13.  

François's fourth son Laurent or Laurence, born at Manchac in May 1798, married Céleste, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Trahan and Marguerite Doiron, at the Baton Rouge church in April 1821.  Their son Laurence Turiaf was born in July 1826 but died at age 11 in August 1837; Alphonse Forester, called Forester, was born in January 1829; Ernest Nicolas in December 1833; and Octave in May 1839.  Laurent died by October 1850, when he was listed as deceased in a daughter's marriage record.  His daughters married into the Cointment, Estevan, Hébert, Henry, and Testard families.  One of his three surviving sons married by 1870.

Second son Forester married Marie Adeline, daughter of fellow Acadian Janvier Allain and his Creole wife Marie Élise Bush, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in October 1850.  Their son Alphonse Désiré was born near St. Gabriel in May 1852.  Forester died near St. Gabriel in January 1868.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Florestan, as he called him, died at "age 37 years"; Forester would have been age 39. 

François's fifth and youngest son Angèl died at Manchac 8 days after his birth in May 1803.  

Olivier IV's third son Simon-François, by second wife Marie-Blanche LeBlanc, born at Le Palais, Belle-Île-en-Mer, in December 1767, became a wet cooper when he came of age, followed his widowed father and siblings to Louisiana, and settled Manchac, where he married Anne-Marie-Jeanne, called Marie, another daughter of René Landry and Marguerite Babin, in November 1794; Anne-Marie was sister of Simon's older brother Francois's wife Servanne.  Like her sister Servanne, Anne-Marie had come to Louisiana aboard La Ville d'Archangel.  She and Simon-François settled at Manchac, where Simon died probably in October 1795, age 28.  His son settled in Iberville Parish, married twice, and had sons by his second wife.  

Only son Simon-Baptiste, born at Manchac in October 1794, married cousin Constance, daughter of Isidore Tullier and his Acadian wife Marie Daigre, at the St. Gabriel church in April 1822.  Simon, living in East Baton Rouge Parish, remarried to Marie Élisabeth, called Élisabeth, daughter of Michel Gareuil and Hélène Lopez and widow of Pierre Aucoin, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1833.  Their son Félix was born near St. Gabriel in October 1833, and Ernest in October 1838.  Their daughter married into the Gomes family.  One of Simon-Baptiste's sons married by 1870. 

Older son Félix, by second wife Élisabeth Gareuil, married Théotiste or Théodice, daughter of Rosémond Capdevielle and Arthémise Hernandez, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1864.  Their son Joseph Ernest was born near St. Gabriel in December 1864, and Jean Baptiste Nepler in December 1866. 

Olivier IV's fourth son Jean-Baptiste, by second wife Marie-Blanche LeBlanc, born at Le Palais, Belle-Île-en-Mer, in February 1770, came to Louisiana with his widowed father and siblings, and followed them to Manchac, where he married Marie-Julie, called Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Trahan and Anne Granger, in June 1783.  Julie also was a native of Belle-Île-en-Mer and also had come to Louisiana on Le Beaumont.  Their daughters married into the Arbour, Aubin, Ledoux, and Theriot families.  All three of Jean-Baptiste's sons created families of their own and settled in West Baton Rouge and Iberville parishes, but one of the lines may have died out early. 

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste-Barbier, -Beauvier, -Beauviere, -Beauville, -Bouvier, or -Bouviere, born at Manchac in January 1795, married Marie Marthe, daughter of fellow Acadians Isaac Landry and Anne Aucoin, at the St. Gabriel church in April 1817.  They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their son Jean Baptiste, fils was born in October 1826.  Bouvier died probably in West Baton Rouge Parish in October 1830, age 35.  A daughter was born posthumously in May 1831.  His daughters married into the Lejeune, Lemoine, Richard, Thibodeaux, and Trahan families.  Did his son ever marry?  If not, this line of the family, except for its blood, did not endure. 

Jean-Baptiste's second son Joseph Léger or Lezin, baptized at Baton Rouge, age 1 1/2 years, in August 1801, married cousin Modeste, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Paul Trahan and Marie Josèphe Lejeune, at the Baton Rouge church in April 1826.  They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish.  Their daughter married a Lejeune cousin.  Did Joseph Léger father any sons? 

Jean-Baptiste's third and youngest son Jean Zenon, called Zenon, born probably at Manchac in September 1805, married cousin Eloise or Heloise, daughter of Joseph Martinez and Marguerite Lopez, at the Baton Rouge church in February 1827; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Saturnin or Saturin Zenon, perhaps also called Zenon D., was born near Baton Rouge in November 1827; Jean Sosthène, called Sosthène, in November 1829; Joseph Alfred, called Alfred, in November 1830; François Aristides, called Aristides, in January 1833; and Simon Diogène, called Diogène, in February 1836.  Zenon died "suddenly" near Baton Rouge in January 1842.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Zemand, as he called him, died at "age 35 yrs.," but he was 36.  His daughters married into the Heude and Persac families.  His sons settled in Iberville Parish, some near Plaquemine on the west side of the river, others near St. Gabriel east of the river, and also near Baton Rouge. 

Oldest son Saturin Zenon married Marie Emma, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Blanchard and Delphine LeBlanc, at the St. Gabriel church in June 1853, and may have remarried to Elise Duplessis, perhaps a daughter of W. F. C. and Célestine Vives, at the St. Gabriel church in May 1859.  Their son Joseph was born near Baton Rouge in August 1866, and Jean Alphonse near St. Gabriel in August 1870.

Zenon's second son Sosthène married Caecilia or Cécile, daughter of W. F. C. Duplessis and Célestine Vives, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1854.  Their son Joseph Jean was born near Baton Rouge in February 1855, and William Charles Barromee in October 1856.  Sosthène remarried to cousin Odilia, daughter of Éloi Martinez and Victoire Heude, at the Baton Rouge church in June 1869.

Zenon's third son Alfred married Céleste Mary or Marie, daughter of Jean Baptiste, called J. B., Rils and his Acadian wife Emelite Dupuy, at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in October 1857.  Their son Jean Alfred was born near Baton Rouge in August 1858, and Joseph Aristide near Plaquemine in February 1862.

Zenon's fourth son Aristides married Mary Mathilda, another daughter of Jean Baptiste Rils and Emelite Dupuy, at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in October 1856.  Aristides died near Baton Rouge in January 1858, age 25.  Did he father any sons? 

Zenon's fifth and youngest son Diogène married Marie Duplessis, perhaps yet another daughter of W. F. C. and Célestine Vives, in the late 1850s.  Their son Charles Auguste was born near St. Gabriel in May 1860.

Olivier IV's fifth and youngest son Honoré, by second wife Marie-Blanche LeBlanc, born at Le Palais, Belle-Île-en-Mer, in August 1781, came to Louisiana with his widowed father and siblings and settled at Manchac, where he married Adélaïde, also called Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Paul Hébert and Marguerite Breaux, in January 1802.  Honoré died near St. Gabriel in December 1852, age 71.  His daughters married into the Capdevielle, Comeaux, Landry, and Martinez families.   Three of his five sons created families of their own and settled in Iberville Parish, one of them west of the river near Plaquemine. 

Oldest son Joseph-Hélebert, born at Manchac in January 1803, may have died young. 

Honoré's second son Joseph Ursin, called Ursin, born at Manchac in September 1806, married Marie Adeline, called Adeline, daughter of Edmond Capdeville and his Acadian wife Marie Madeleine Brasset, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1832; Ursin's sister Marie Domitille married Adeline's brother M. Lasain.  Ursin and Adeline's son Joseph Adrien was born near St. Gabriel in March 1837, Honoré Roman in March 1839, and Jean Baptiste Émile in May 1844.  Their daughter married into the Simmons family. 

Honoré's third son Julien or Joseph Édouard, called Édouard, born at Manchac in June 1812, married Marie Annette, Fanette, Finette, or Ginette, also called Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Jérôme LeBlanc and Clémence Comeaux, at the St. Gabriel church in February 1839.  Their son Omer Honoré was born near St. Gabriel in January 1843, Joseph Octave in December 1847, and Simon Honoré in November 1849 but died at age 1 in December 1850.  They also had a son named Joseph Omer, called Omer, who may have been Omer Honoré. Their daughter married into the Hébert family.  Two of Édouard's sons married by 1870.

Second son Joseph Octave married Lidoria, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Renard dit Enos Rivet and Lidoria Comeaux, at the St. Gabriel church in November 1866.

Édouard's third son Joseph Omer married Sidonia, daughter of Paul Napoléon Danos and his Acadian wife Marie Eugènie Comeaux of Iberville, at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in February 1867.  They remained near Plaquemine. 

Honoré's fourth son Pierre Honoré, born at Manchac in December 1814, may have been the Pierre Daigre who died near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in November 1855.  The priest who recorded the burial said that Pierre died at "age 43 years," but this Pierre would have been only a month shy of age 41.  Did Pierre Honoré ever marry?  The recording priest did not give Pierre Daigre's parents' names, nor did he mention a wife. 

Honoré's fifth and youngest son Paul Olivier, called Olivier, born at Manchac in January 1826, married Marie Véronique, called Véronique, daughter of Alexandre Hotard and Euphémie Lorio, at the St. Gabriel church in June 1849.  Their son Joseph Delma was born near Plaquemine in October 1854; and Paul Olivier, fils in August 1859.  Olivier remarried to Mary Delia, daughter of Thomas Brown and his Acadian wife Constance Landry, at the St. Gabriel church in October 1869. 

Simon-Pierre (1735-1792) à Olivier, fils à Olivier Daigre

Simon-Pierre, third son of Olivier III and Françoise Granger and brother of Olivier IV, born at Rivière-aux-Canards in August 1735, followed his family to Virginia in 1755 and to Falmouth, England, in the spring of 1756.  He married Marie-Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Thériot and Marie Landry, at Falmouth in c1758.  Between 1759 and 1779, Marie-Madeleine gave Simon-Pierre nine children, five daughters and four sons.  The family was repatriated to Morlaix, France, in the spring of 1763, followed his family to Belle-Île-en-Mer in November 1765, and settled at Kervellant near Sauzon.  French officials counted them at Bortemont near Bangor on the island in 1776.  Two years later, Simon-Pierre sold his land to a local sieur named Perron and moved to Paimboeuf, where Simon-Pierre worked as an inkeeper and a ship's carpenter and where two of his sons died in 1779 and 1783, one an infant, the other age 13 1/2.  Wife Marie-Madeleine died at Paimboeuf in January 1784, age 45.  A Spanish official counted Simon-Pierre and his remaining children, three sons and four daughters, at the port in September 1784.  At age 49, Simon-Pierre remarried to Anne, 50-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Louis Michel and Marguerite Forest of Ste.-Famille, Pigiguit, and widow of Joseph-Ange Dubois, Félix Landry, and Jean Landry, at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay near Nantes in February 1785.  She gave Simon-Pierre no more children.  Later that year, Simon-Pierre, Anne, and his seven children followed his older brother Olivier to Louisiana and to Manchac south of Baton Rouge.  At age 52, Simon-Pierre remarried again--his third marriage--to Rosalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Thériot and Françoise Landry and widow of Alexandre Aucoin, at Manchac in January 1788.  She gave him no more children.  He died at Manchac in October 1792, age 57.  Three of his four daughters, all by first wife Marie-Madeleine, married into the Lemire dit Mire, Provenché, and Trahan families, including two Trahan brothers, at Manchac and Baton Rouge.  His three sons, also by his first wife, married into the Henry, Trahan, and LeBlanc families at Baton Rouge and Cabahannocer on the river.  ...

Jean-Baptiste, fils (c1740-1790s) à Olivier, fils à Olivier Daigre

Jean-Baptiste, fils, third son of Jean-Baptiste Daigre and Marguerite Thériot and first cousin of Olivier IV and Simon-Pierre, born probably at Rivière-aux-Canards in c1740, evidently followed his family to Virginia in 1755, to England in the spring of 1756, and to Morlaix, France, in 1763.  He may have been the Jean-Baptiste Daigle, ploughman, who, at age 43, married Marie-Claudine, daughter of Frenchmen Guillaume Valet and his wife Ursule-Perrine Catot of Kemperlain, Val, France, probably at Nantes in c1783.  Marie-Claudine gave Jean-Baptiste a son at St.-Jacques, Nantes, in April 1784.  Jean-Baptiste and Marie-Claudine emigrated to Louisiana in 1785.  However, their year-old son Jean-René died at sea.  The now childless couple followed the majority of their fellow passengers to Baton Rouge, where they had no more children.  Jean-Baptiste died at Baton Rouge by March 1795, in his mid-50s, when his wife remarried there.  His line of the family died with him. 

François-Marie (c1740-1780s) à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

François-Marie, fourth son of Abraham Daigre and Anne-Marie Boudrot, born probably at L'Assomption, Pigiguit, in c1740, followed his family to Île St.-Jean and was counted with them at Havre-de-la-Fortune in August 1752.  The British deported him to Cherbourg in late 1758.  In January 1761, he married Jeanne, daughter of French locals Thomas Holley and Scholastique Le Gentilhomme, at Très-Ste.-Trinité in the city.  Between 1763 and 1775, at Cherbourg and Le Havre, Jeanne gave François-Marie at least five children, two sons and three daughters.  His oldest son married in c1782.  By September 1784, François-Marie and his family had moved to Nantes in southern Britanny.  François-Marie, Jeanne, and their four unmarried children, a son and three daughters, along with their married son and his family, emigrated to Louisiana the following year and followed the majority of their fellow passengers to Manchac below Baton Rouge.  François-Marie died probably at Manchac by September 1790, in his mid- or late 40s, when he was listed as deceased in a daughter's marriage record.  His daughters married into the Arbour and LeTullier families at Baton Rouge.  His two sons created vigorous lines in the Baton Rouge area. 

Older son François-Alexandre, ...

François-Marie's second son Louis-Françoise, ...

Paul-Olivier (1767-1833) à Olivier le jeune à Pierre à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Paul-Olivier, oldest son of Miniac dit Olivier Daigre and his first wife Marie Melanson, born at Locmaria, Belle-Île-en-Mer, in May 1767, followed his father and stepmother to coastal Brittany, but he did not remain there.  By 1785, he was working as a laborer probably at Nantes in southeast Brittany.  Called a "minor" and an orphan on the ship's passenger list, Paul-Olivier emigrated to Louisiana with widower Jean Doiron and his kinsman's unmarried daughter and followed them and their fellow passengers to Manchac south of Baton Rouge.  Paul-Olivier married cousin Marie-Jeanne, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Richard and his second wife Françoise Daigre, probably at Manchac in September 1788.  Paul-Olivier died at Baton Rouge in November 1833, age 66.  His daughters married into the Babin, Brown, Daigre, Kleinpeter, and Templet families.  Three of his five sons married into the Bird, Thompson, and Jewell families and settled at Manchac, Baton Rouge, and across the river in Pointe Coupee Parish.  ...

Joseph (1770-1836) à Pierre à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Joseph, called Joson, a twin, fifth son of Alexandre Daigle and Élisabeth Granger and brother of Alexis-Jean-Mathurin, born at St.-Servan, France, near St.-Malo, in March 1770, came to Louisiana not with his older brother but with his uncle Charles Granger.  He followed his uncle to the Baton Rouge area but did not remain there.  In the late 1780s and early 1790s, he was living with his married sister Isabelle-Luce and her husband, René Simoneaux, at Lafourche, where his two older brothers also had settled.  In 1795, Joseph was living on the upper bayou with the family of Lucas Landry probably as an engagé.  He married cousin Marie-Marthe, daughter of fellow Acadians Chrysostôme Trahan and Anne-Françoise Granger, at Assumption in October 1800.  She was literally the girl next door.  Joseph died in Assumption Parish in July 1836, age 66, a widower.  His daughter married into the Breaux family.  Three of his five sons created families of their own in Assumption Parish.  ...

Jean-Louis (1774-1811) à Pierre le jeune à Bernard, fils à Bernard à Olivier Daigre

Jean-Louis, son of Jean-Baptiste-Amand Daigle and Marguerite-Ange Dubois and first cousin of Alexis-Jean-Mathurin and Joseph, born at Pouthume, Châtellerault, Poitou, France, in October 1774, came to Louisiana with his widowed mother and followed her and the majority of their passengers to Manchac.  His mother remarried twice.  Jean-Marie followed her to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marie-Isabelle, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Richard and his French wife Marie-Jeanne Daniel of Roscoff, Brittany, at Assumption in August 1799.  Marie had come to Louisiana on Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships.  They may have lived at New Orleans in the early 1800s.  Jean-Louis remarried to Marie Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph François Michel and Geneviève LeBlanc, at Assumption in January 1804.  Marie Josèphe was a native of Louisiana.  Their daughters married into the Boudreaux, Faits, and Gros families.  Jean Louis died in Assumption Parish in November 1811, age 37.  His son from second wife Marie-Josèphe survived childhood and created a family of his own in Assumption Parish.  ...

.

Dantin

David

Delaune

Deroche

Doiron

Doucet

Dubois

Dugas

Duhon

Dupuis

Foret

Gaudet

Jean Gaudet or Godet may have been born at Martaizé, near Loudun, south of the Loire valley in France, in c1575.  His first wife's name has been lost to history.  Tradition says that Jean came to Acadia aboard the St.-Jehan in 1636 with three children from his first marriage--Françoise, age 13, Denis, age 11, and Marie, age 3--though they do not appear on the ship's passenger list.  Nevertheless, Jean and his children were among the earliest settlers in Acadia.  His daughters married into the Mercier, LeBlanc, Hébert, and Gareau families.  In 1652, at age 77, Jean remarried to 45-year-old Nicole Colleson, probably a widow, at Port-Royal.  She gave him another son, Jean, fils.  In the first census of the inhabitants of Acadia, that of 1671, the census taker noted that Jean Gaudet was "the oldest inhabitant of Port-Royal ..., the venerable doyen of the colony ... then aged ninety-six years."  Jean died at Port-Royal before 1678; he was over 100 years old.  His two sons married into the Gauthier, Comeau, Henry, and Lejeune dit Briard families and created families of their own.  Though older son Denis married only once, his line of the family was much larger than that of his half-brother Jean, fils

By 1755, descendants of Jean Gaudet could be found in greater Acadia at Annapolis Royal; Beaubassin, Veskak, and Tintamarre at Chignecto; at Petitcoudiac and Memramcook in the trois-rivières area west of Chignecto; at Grand-Pré and Pigiguit in the Minas Basin; at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest on Île St.-Jean and Port-Toulouse on Île Royale.  They also could be found in the St. Lawrence valley, where the first of them had gone in the 1720s.  

The Acadians at Chignecto were the first to endure a disruption of their lives.  In the spring and summer of 1750, Canadian militia, along with Mi'kmaq led by Abbé Jean-Louis Le Loutre, burned Acadian homesteads east of Rivière Missaguash, forcing the habitants to move to the French-controlled area west of the river.  Gaudets were among the refugees affected by this petit dérangement.  After yet another war erupted between Britain and France in 1754, the Chignecto Acadians were caught in the middle of it.  When British and New England forces attacked Fort Beauséjour in June 1755, Gaudets likely were among the Chignecto Acadians who were serving in the fort as militia.  They, too, along with the French troupes de la marine, became prisoners of war when the fort surrendered on June 16.  Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence was so incensed to find so-called French Neutrals fighting with French regulars at Beauséjour that he ordered his officers to deport the Chignecto Acadians to the southernmost British colonies on the Atlantic seaboard, South Carolina and Georgia.  At least one Gaudet family ended up in South Carolia.  Most of the Gaudets at Chignecto, however, escaped the British and sought refuge in Canada or on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Some of their cousins at Annapolis Royal were not so lucky.  The British deported two Gaudet families to New York and another to Connecticut.  But, again, most of the Gaudets at Annapolis Royal escaped the British in 1755 and sought refuge in Canada or on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore. 

Living in territory controlled by France, none of the Gaudets on Île St.-Jean and Île Royale were touched by the British roundup of their cousins in Nova Scotia during the fall of 1755.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the British captured the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, they swooped down on the islands and rounded up most of the Acadians there, Gaudets among them.  Later in the year, the British packed hundreds of island Acadians into hired merchant vessels and deported them to St.-Malo and other French ports.  Most of the Gaudets the British rounded up did not survive the crossing to France.  Those sent to Cherbourg moved on to Le Havre in the mid-1760s.  They and their cousins did their best to make a life for themselves in several of the kingdom's coastal cities. 

More Acadian Gaudets arrived in France during the 1760s and 1770s.  Although exile ended for most Acadians in North America by the late 1760s, this was not the case for those who, after the war with Britain finally ended, had chosen to live on îles St.-Pierre and Miquelon, French-controlled islands off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  So many Acadians chose to go there, in fact, that the islands became overcrowded, prompting French officials to pressure the Acadians into moving on to France.  Not all of them remained; some made their way back to Newfoundland islands in the 1770s.  In 1778, France joined the Anglo-American struggle against their old red-coated enemy, who controlled every part of the Maritimes region except the two French islands.  The British wasted no time seizing the Newfoundland islands and deporting the Acadians there to France.  Gaudets, some of whom had returned to the islands from France, were among the unfortunates who endured yet another crossing, this time on hired British transports.  When, in the early 1780s, the Spanish government offered the Acadians still in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana, only two Gaudet men chose to take it.  Most of their Gaudet cousins, especially the ones at Le Havre, chose to remain in the mother country. 

In North America, the Acadians who had escaped the British roundups of 1755 and 1758 were quickly caught up in the lingering war between the imperial rivals.  After the fall of Québec in September 1759, the British gathered their forces to attack the remaining French strongholds in New France.  In June 1760, the Royal Navy attacked Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs, now an important Acadian refuge.  After a spirited fight in which Acadian and Mi'kmaq militia played an important role, the French commander blew up his larger vessels and  retreated up the Restigouche, leaving the militia to prevent a British landing.  Unable to land his redcoats and lay waste to the area, the British commander ordered his ships to return to Louisbourg with what booty and prisoners they could carry.  In October 1760, three months after the British withdrawal, French officials counted 1,003 Acadians still at Restigouche.  Gaudets were among them.  But not all of the Gaudets who had gone to Restigouche escaped the British.  That summer, the British had captured an estimated 300 Acadians during the fight at Restigouche and shipped them off to prison-of-war compounds in British-controlled Nova Scotia--Fort Edward, overlooking the old Gaudet homesteads at Pigiguit; Fort Cumberland, formerly French Fort Beauséjour, at Chignecto; and Georges Island in the middle of Halifax harbor.  Gaudets were among the Acadians held in these Nova Scotia prisons. 

At war's end, Acadians being held in the seaboard colonies were allowed to leave, but not until British officials counted them and discerned their intentions.  In 1763, British officials counted Gaudets still languishing in New York and Connecticut. Most of them chose to be repatriated to Canada.  Though now also a British possession, the northern province was populated largely by fellow French Catholics, many of them Acadian exiles, including dozens of Gaudet kin.  So, in a colony nearly as old as Acadia, descendants of Jean Gaudet began the slow, inexorable process of becoming Canadiennes.  Especially after 1766, Gaudets could be found in Canada at Bécancour, St.-Grégoire, Gentilly, L'Assomption, St.-Jacques-de-l'Achigan, Nicolet, St.-Pierre-les-Besquets, Pointe-aux-Trembles, St.-Sulpice, Lotbinière, and Yamachiche on the upper St. Lawrence; at St.-Ours, St.-Denis, St.-Charles, St.-Antoine, and Chambly in the Richelieu valley; at Berthier-sur-Mer, Montmagny, and L'Islet on the lower St. Lawrence; at Boudreau Village, Memramcook, Upper Sackville, Jolicure, and Cap Maringouin in present-day southeastern New Brunswick; at Malpèque on Prince Edward Island; on St. Mary's Bay and Île Madame in Nova Scotia; and on îiles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, these Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and, until the Acadian reunions of the mid-twentieth century, may even have forgotten that the others existed.  

The war over, Acadians exiled in the seaboard colonies were encouraged by French officials to go to French St.-Dominique to work on a new naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas.  Although driven from North America, the French were determined to hang on to what was left of their shrinking empire.  The new naval base on the north shore of St.-Domingue would protect the approaches to what was left of their possessions in the Caribbean basin.  French officials saw the Acadian exiles as a ready source of cheap labor.  They promised them land of their own if they came to Haiti to help build the naval base.  And so Acadians, including Gaudets, came to the sugar island in 1764.  Gaudets who had been held in one of the British seaboard colonies also ended up on the island of Martinique. 

Gaudets being held in Nova Scotia faced a hard dilemma.  The Treaty of Paris of February 1763 stipulated in its Article 14 that persons dispersed by the war had 18 months to return to their respective territories.  However, British authorities refused to allow any of the Acadian prisoners in the region to return to their former lands as proprietors.  If Acadians chose to remain in, or return to, Nova Scotia, they could live only in small family groups in previous unsettled areas or work for low wages on former Acadian lands now owned by New England "planters."  If they stayed, they must also take the hated oath of allegiance to the new British king, George III, without reservation.  They would also have to take the oath if they joined their cousins in Canada.  After all they had suffered on the question of the oath, few self-respecting Acadians would consent to take it if it could be avoided.  Some Halifax exiles, including Gaudets, chose to relocate to Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  Others considered going to French St.-Domingue, where Acadian exiles in the British colonies, including Gaudets, already had gone, or to the Illinois country, the west bank of which still belonged to France, or to French Louisiana, which, thanks to British control of Canada, was the only route possible to the Illinois country for Acadian exiles.  Whatever their choice, they refused to remain in L'Acadie.  So they gathered up their money and their few possessions and prepared to leave their homeland.  Of the 600 who left Halifax in late 1764 bound for Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, 13 were Gaudets. ...72

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Four Gaudet families, one led by a widow, reached New Orleans from Halifax via Cap-Français in 1765 and settled at established Acadian community of Cabahannocer on the river above the city.  Some of them moved on to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Not all of their family lines survived: 

Claude (1713-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Claude, third and youngest son of Bernard dit le Vieux Gaudet and Jeanne Thériot and the second with the name, was born at Annapolis Royal in November 1713.  Claude married Catherine-Josèphe, daughter of René Forest and Françoise Dugas, at Annapolis Royal in August 1737 and likely remained there.  In 1755, the British deported Claude's older son to Massachusetts, but the rest of the family, including their younger son, escaped the British roundup at Annapolis, crossed the Bay of Fundy with other Acadian exiles the following spring, and sought refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Sometime in the early 1760s, Claude, his wife, and son either surrendered to, or were captured by, the British and held at Fort Edward in Nova Scotia for the rest of the war.  Claude's older son, now married, evidently joined the family in Nova Scotia by 1764.  The following year, Claude, Catherine, and their younger son, along with their married son and his family, emigrated to Louisiana from Halifax via Cap-Français.  They settled with other exiles from Halifax at Cabahannocer, which soon came to be known as the Acadian Coast.  Both of Claude's sons created their own families in the Spanish colony, but only one of the lines endured.  

Older son Joseph, born at Annapolis Royal in c1739, was deported to Massachusetts in 1755.  He married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Claude Bourgeois and Marguerite LeBlanc of Annapolis Royal, at Boston in the late 1750s or early 1760s.  After the war with Britain, Joseph, Marguerite, and their infant daughter joined his parents in Nova Scotia and accompanied them to Louisiana in 1765.  They settled near his family on the left, or east, bank of the river at Cabahannocer and had more children in the colony.  In 1779, Joseph held two slaves on his farm at Cabahannocer.  In the late 1780s or early 1790s, he moved down to upper Bayou Lafourche.  In his late 50s, he remarried to Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Bénonie LeBlanc and Marguerite Hébert and widow of Germain Bergeron, at Assumption on the upper Lafourche in November 1796.  One of the witnesses to Joseph's second marriage was future Louisiana governor Henry Schuyler Thibodaux.  Joseph's second wife gave him no more children.  At the time of his remarriage, he held no slaves, but by January 1798 he again owned two slaves on his five-by-fifty-arpent farm along the bayou.  His daughters married into the Charpentier, LeBlanc, and Mouton families.  Two of his three sons created their own families on upper Bayou Lafourche and on the river. 

Oldest son Joseph-Simon, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, born at New Orleans in November 1766, probably died young.  

Joseph's second son Jean, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, born probably at Cabahannocer in c1768, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Poirier and Marie-Anne Bourgeois, at Cabahannocer in January 1791, and remarried to Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Guidry and Isabelle Comeaux, at Cabahannocer in August 1797, on the same day and in the same place his younger brother Joseph, fils married Eulalie's sister Félicité.  Jean and Eulalie settled on upper Bayou Lafourche. Their son Jean, fils was born in Assumption Parish in July 1813; and Pierre in September 1816.  Jean died in Assumption Parish in April 1836, age 68.  His daughters, all by his second wife, married into the Charpentier, Comeaux, Gaspard, and Ockman families.  His two sons remained in Assumption Parish, either on the bayou or near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret. 

Older son Jean, fils, by second wife Eulalie Guidry, married Marie Madeleine or Doralise, called Doralise, daughter of fellow Acadian Simon Gautreaux and his Creole wife Madeleine Petronille Stout, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1840.  They had a son named Jean Baptiste.  Their daughter married into the Gaspard family. 

Only son Jean Baptiste married Marie, daughter of Foreign Frenchman Louis David and his Creole wife Céleste Gros, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in August 1867.  They settled probably near the boundary between Assumption and Ascension parishes.  Their son Léo Louis was born in February 1869, and Joseph Ulysse in December 1870. 

Jean, père's younger son Pierre, by second wife Eulalie Guidry, married Marie Delphine, called Delphine, daughter of Pierre Stout and his Acadian wife Adèle Thériot, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1840.  Their son Joseph was born in Assumption Parish in December 1845; Pierre, fils in July 1847; Pierre Dorsino, called Dorsino, in November 1848 and baptized at the Pattersonville church, St. Mary Parish, age 16 months, in March 1850; Pierre Honoré was born in Assumption Parish in July 1849; Anatole in November 1856; and Francis Numa near Pierre Part in February 1862.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Joseph married Estelle or Esther Ann or Anna, called Anna, daughter of Édouard Clifton and Jane Whittaker, at the Pierre Part church, Assumption Parish, in April 1866.  Their son Joseph Christofore was born in August 1867. 

Pierre's second son Dorsino died in Assumption Parish in November 1867, age 19.  He did not marry. 

Joseph's third and youngest son Joseph, fils, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in March 1774, married Marie-Félicité, called Félicité, daughter of Joseph Guidry and Isabelle Comeaux, at St.-Jacques in August 1797, on the same day and at the same place his older brother Jean married Félicité's sister Eulalie.  Joseph, fils and Félicité's son Joseph III was born at Cabahannocer in June 1798 but died the following September; Rosémond was born in January 1800; and Jean Baptiste, called Baptiste, near Convent, St. James Parish, in March 1806.  Joseph, fils and Félicité's daughters married into the LeBoeuf and Oubre families.  Joseph remarried to Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Berteau and Rose Savoie and widow of Joseph Theriot, at the Convent church in June 1820.  Joseph, fils died near Convent in February 1826, age 52.  At least one of his sons created his own family on Bayou Lafourche.

Third son Baptiste married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of German Creole Jean Baptiste Bernard and his Acadian wife Marie Melançon of St. James Parish, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in February 1830.  They remained on Bayou Lafourche.  Their son Auguste was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in February 1835; Émile Honoré in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1839; and Noël Henry Clay in on Christmas Day 1844 but died eight days later in early January.  Baptiste died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1845; the Thibodaux priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste died "at age 44 yrs.," but he was 39.  His daughters married into the Oubre and Roper families, one of them in St. James Parish.  One of his sons created his own family. 

Oldest son Auguste married cousin Althée, daughter of German Creole Amand Bernard and his Acadian wife Clémence Préjean, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in November 1860.  Their son Joseph was born in Lafourche Parish in August 1868.  Their daughter married into the Talbot family. 

During the War of 1861-65, Baptiste's second Émile served in Company I of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Émile was killed in action during the Siege of Vicksburg on 22 May 1863, age 24. 

Claude's younger son Charles, born at Annapolis Royal in c1752, followed his parents into exile.  British officials counted him with his parents at Fort Edward, Nova Scotia, in 1762, and he followed his parents to Louisiana in 1765.  In 1777, he was still a bachelor, living on the east bank of the river, perhaps as an engagé, with the family of Canadian Louis Paquette and his Acadian wife Marie LeBlanc.  At age 34, Charles married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel LeBlanc and Marie Aucoin, at Cabahannocer in April 1786.  Marie-Josèphe, a native of England, had recently arrived in the colony with her widowed mother and a sister aboard La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships from France.  Charles remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux and Marguerite Babineaux dit Des Lauriers of Annapolis Royal, at Cabahannocer in August 1794.  She gave him his only child, a son.  Charles died at Cabahannocer in September 1799, in his late 40s.   

Only son Joseph-Flavin or Fabien-Joseph, by second wife Anne Comeaux, born at Cabahannocer in May 1797, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1832, age 35.  He probably did not marry, so this line of the family did not endure.   

Charles (1730-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Charles, older son of Jean Gaudet and Marie Breau, born probably at Annapolis Royal in c1730, followed his family into exile in 1755 and into a prison camp in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  Charles was still a bachelor when he came to Louisiana in 1765 with his widowed mother and two younger siblings.  He married cousin Cécile Breau, widow of George Clouâtre, at Cabahannocer in May 1768.  About the time of his marriage, he assisted his wife's kinsman, Alexis Breau of Pigiguit, in eluding Spanish justice.  By 1779, Charles owned three slaves on his farm along the right, or west, bank of the Mississippi at Cabahannocer.  All three of his sons created their own families in what became St. James and Ascension parishes.  Some of his older sons's descendants became planters in St. James Parish during the antebellum period. 

Oldest son Michel, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in 1773, married Victoire, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Bergeron dit d'Amboise, père and Marguerite Bernard, at Cabahannocer in February 1793.  Michel died in St. James Parish in September 1820, age 47.  His daughters married into the Becnel, Blouin, Gaudin, and Hébert families.  His three sons created vigorous lines and became planters in eastern St. James Parish.  By 1850, his oldest son had become a great planter--someone who owned more than 50 slaves.  He held, in fact, over 100 slaves on his plantation along the river.

Oldest son Michel-Valéry, called Valéry, born at Cabahannocer in December 1793, married Anne Belzire, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Richard and Constance LeBlanc, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in June 1814.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in St. James Parish, age 3 months, in September 1816; Pierre Théodule, called Théodule was born in May 1818 but died at age 1 1/2 in March 1820; Adam Joseph or Joseph Adam was born in December 1822; Amédée Michel in February 1827; and Pierre Oscar, called Oscar, in August 1827 but died at age 3 1/2 in June 1831.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 101 slaves on Valéry Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Eastern District, between the plantation of his brother Ursin, père's widow and the farms of his nephew Ursin, fils and his sons J. A. and Amédée.  Two months later, in September, the same census taker counted three more slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 17, 17 and 14--on Valéry Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Was this the same Valéry who owned the big plantation nearby?  Valéry died in St. James Parish in March 1853, age 60.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 35-year-old black male--on Valéry Gaudet's farm in the parish's First District of the East Bank; one wonders if this was the slave of Valéry's widow, Anne Belzire Richard.  Their daughters married into the Chastant and Tete families.  Valéry's two surviving sons created their own families on the river.

Third son Joseph Adam married cousin Marie Arcelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Pierre Richard and Marguerite Braud, at the St. James church in March 1846.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 11 slaves--nine males and two females, nine blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 30 to 6--on J. A. Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District next to his father's plantation.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 140 slaves living in 30 houses on Adams Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank; this was Joseph Adam.  During the War of 1861-65, Joseph Adam served as captain of a company in the St. James Parish Regiment Militia before commanding Company K of the 30th Regiment/Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee.  One wonders if Joseph Adam fathered any sons. 

Valéry's fourth son Amédée Michel married Louise Marie, daughter of John Ilsley, Islay, or Isley and Elisa G. Mollere, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in January 1852.  Their son John Valéry was born in St. James Parish in November 1854, and James Amédée in August 1861.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted six slaves--two males and four females, four blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 22 to 3--on Amédée Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District next to brother J. A.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 11 slaves--six males and five females, three blacks and eight mulattoes, ages 36 to 10, living in six houses--on Amédée Gaudet's farm in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank between the plantations of brother Joseph Adam and cousins J. K. Gaudet and brothers.  During the War of 1861-65, Amédée served as a private in older brother Joseph Adam's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia. 

Michel's second son Ursin-Michel or Michel-Ursin, called Ursin, born at Cabahannocer in March 1803, married Elise Adèle, called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadian Grégoire Dugas and his Creole wife Françoise Barbet, at the Donaldson church, Ascension Parish, in February 1822.  Their son Michel Ursin, called Ursin, fils, was born in c1822; Jean Baptiste Félix was born in St. James Parish in July 1824; Michel Drausin was baptized at the St. James church, age 2 months, in June 1826; Charles Grégoire Bienvenu, called Bienvenu, was born in April 1828 but died at age 3 in September 1831; and Charles Théodore or Théodose was born in November 1831.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 40 slaves on Widow Ursin Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Eastern District, next to son Ursin, fils's farm and near brother-in-law Valéry Gaudet's large plantation.  Ursin's daughter married into the Gautreaux family.  Three of his four surviving sons created their own families.

Oldest son Ursin, fils married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Donat LeBlanc and Marie Melançon, at the St. James church in February 1842.  Their son Charles Michel Ursin Félix was born in St. James Parish in February 1844, and Joseph N. D. in July 1847.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted two slaves--a 21-year-old black female, and a 7-month-old black girl--on Ursin Gaudet's farm, between his widowed mother's and his uncle Valéry Gaudet's plantations.  Ursin, fils died in St. James Parish in October 1853, in his early 30s.  His daughter married into the Rybiski family. 

Ursin, père's second son Jean Baptiste Félix may have married fellow Acadian Marie Melançon in St. James Parish in c1840.  Their son Jean Félicien was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in December 1841.  In 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted a single slave--a 25-year-old black female--on B. Gaudet's farm.  One wonders if this was Jean Baptiste Félix.  

Ursin, père's third son Michel Drausin married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Ferdinand Landry and Clarisse Landry, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1846.  Their son Charles Albert was born in St. James Parish in October 1847, Pascal Michel in Ascension Parish in May 1849, Vincent Théodose in July 1855, Ursin Philippe in May 1859, Paul Parfait in May 1861, George Marc in October 1863, and Joseph Justin in August 1868.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted four slaves--two males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 40 to 12--on Michel Gaudet's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  Was this Michel Drausin?  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 84 slaves living in 22 houses on Michel Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank between cousins Joseph Adam Gaudet's plantation and Amédée Gaudet's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Michel Drausin may have served in Company E of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  If so, he enlisted in the company in October 1861, in his mid-30s.  Soon after he joined up, while his regiment was still in the New Orleans area, he was reported absent without leave.  A late autumn 1861 company report proclaims that the planter-turned-soldier was "left at home on urgent business."  His military record then falls silent. 

Ursin, père's fifth and youngest son Théodose died in St. James Parish in March 1850.  He was only 18 years old and probably did not marry. 

Michel's third and youngest son Drosin, born in Ascension Parish in July 1810, married cousin Mélanie, daughter of Jean Gourdain and his Acadian wife Émilie Bergeron, at the St. James church in May 1829; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Émile Gourdain was born probably in St. James Parish in c1831 but died at age 15 in May 1846; Jean Drosin was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in May 1834; Michel Oscar, called Oscar, in May 1838; and Charles Joseph Arthur near St. James in October 1846.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 23 slaves--18 males and five females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 9--on Drauzin Gaudet's plantation, between the plantations of his older brother Ursin's widow and his cousin J. K. Gaudet.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 25 slaves--19 males and six females, all black except for one mulatto, ages 50 years to 9 months, living in 10 houses--on Drauzin Gaudet's plantation in the parish's 6th District of the Right Bank.  At least one of Drosin's sons married before 1870. 

Third son Michel Oscar graduated from the Virginia Medical School, Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1857; he was only 19 years old.  During the War of 1861-65, Oscar served first as an assistant surgeon on the field staff of the Orleans Guard Regiment Louisiana Volunteer State Militia, and then as a junior second lieutenant in the 5th and 6th Batteries of Louisiana Light Artillery, raised in St. James and Iberville parishes, which fought in Louisiana.  Oscar married Aurore Angélique Webre, widow of ___ D'Aquin, at the St. James church in November 1866.  Their son Oscar Henri was born near Convent in October 1868, and Pierre Georges in July 1870.  Oscar served as coroner of St. James Parish during the post-war years and died in 1907, age 69. 

One wonders if Oscar's older brother Jean Drosin was the Dr. Gaudet who served as a sergeant in Joseph Adam Gaudet's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia.  

Charles's second son Jérôme, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in September 1775, married Marie-Louise, called Louise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Bourgeois and Marie Bergeron, at Cabahannocer in April 1793.  Their son, name unrecorded, died at St.-Jacques 3 days after his birth in June 1794; and Jérôme-Eugène, called Eugène, was born in September 1797.  Jérôme died in St. James Parish in April 1831, age 55.  His daughter married into the Mire family.  His surviving son also created a family of his own. 

Jérôme Eugène married Constance Belivere or Melissaire, called Melissaire, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Richard and Constance LeBlanc, at the St. James church in June 1814.  Their son Eugène Clément was born in St. James Parish in November 1820 but died the following March, Théophile Séverin was born in February 1824, and Eugène Théodule or Théogène Eugène posthumously in November 1825.  They also had a son named Jérôme Kleber, called Kleber.  Eugène, père died in St. James Parish in November 1825; the priest who recorded his burial said that Eugène was 38 years old when he died, but he was only 28.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 40-year-old black male--on Widow Eugène Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District, between the plantation of her sons and that of their cousin Drauzin Gaudet.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 50-year-old black male--on Widow Eug. Gaudet's farm in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank next to her sons' plantation; this probably was the same black man she owned a decade before.  Eugène and Melissaire's daughter married into the Landry family.  Three of their sons also created their own families.

Oldest son Jérôme Kleber married cousin Élisabeth Amanda, called Amanda, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Landry and his Creole wife Carmelite Vives, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1849; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Louis Jérôme was born in St. James Parish in January 1852; Pierre Édouard in September 1853; and Eugène Kleber was baptized at the St. James church, St. James Parish, age unrecorded, in October 1857.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 40 slaves on the plantation owned by J. K. Gaudet and his brothers in the parish's Eastern District, next to their widowed mother.  In July 1760, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 43 slaves living in 38 houses on the plantation owned by J. K. Gaudet and his brothers in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank next to cousin Amédée Gaudet's farm.  J. K. himself owned three slaves of his own--a 36-year-old black female, a 13-year-old black female, and a 2-year-old black male--next to his widowed mother. 

Jérôme Eugène's second Théophile Séverin married Rosalie Aisidia, Nesida, or Nisida, daughter of fellow Acadians Ferdinand Theriot and Aspasie Braud, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in May 1851.  Their son Théophile Séverin, fils was born in St. James Parish in October 1856. 

In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted four slaves--all females, all black, ranging in age from 37 to 3, living in one house--on Theo. Gaudet's farm in the parish's First District of the Left Bank.  This probably was Jérôme Eugène third son Théogène Eugène, who married Mary Ann Ilsley at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in September 1862.  Their son John Jérôme was born in St. James Parish in July 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, Théogène may have served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  If so, he enlisted in the company at "Camp Teche," probably Camp Pratt near New Iberia, in November 1862, after the regiment had been transferred from southern Alabama to South Louisiana.  Judging by his age and his late enlistment, Théogène may have been a conscript.  One wonders if he was the Cheogène Gaudet who had served as a second lieutenant in Joseph Adam Gaudet's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia during the Lafourche campaign of autumn 1862. 

Charles's third and youngest son Auguste or Augustin, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in November 1778, married Marguerite, daughter of Pierre Lacroix and Marguerite Mollere, at Ascension in June 1801.  Their son Auguste or Augustin, fils was born at St.-Jacques in January 1803; Michel Rosémond in September 1804; and Jean Léonard, called Léonard and Léon, in September 1807.  Augustin, père died in St. James Parish in November 1831, age 53.  His daughters married into the Breaux, Cabern, and Cure families.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted six slaves--five males and a female, all black, ranging in age from 22 to 5--on Mrs. A. Gaudet's farm; these may have been Marguerite Lacroix's slaves.  Two of Auguste and Marguerite's sons created their own families, but only one of the lines seems to have endured. 

Oldest son Auguste, fils married Marine or Marie Rose, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexis Braud and Pélagie Richard, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in February 1825, and remarried to Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bergeron and Constance Gaudin, at the St. James church in September 1831.  One wonders if Auguste, fils fathered a son by either of his wives. 

Auguste, père's third and youngest son Léonard married Marie Louise Tailier, Toelier, Toilier, Toirier, Tonnellier, or Tuilier, probably in St. James Parish in the 1830s.  Their son Léonard, fils was born in St. James Parish in March or May 1840; Rosémond in January 1842; Augustin near Convent in March 1846; and Joseph Camille posthumously in November 1856 but died at age 3 1/2 in May 1860.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted six slaves--two males and four females, four blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 35 to 5--on Léon Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Léonard "fell in the Mississippi where he died" in St. James Parish in October 1856, age 49.  His wife was pregnant at the time; son Joseph Camille was born a month after Léonard's drowning.  Their daughters married into the LeBoeuf and Pertuit families. 

During the War of 1861-65, oldest son Léonard, fils served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  He enlisted in October 1861 and was sent to Pass Manchac later that month as a picket guard.  He was relieved the first of November and returned to his unit, which he followed to northern Mississippi in early 1862.  He fell sick at Corinth, Mississippi, and was left there when his company moved north into southern Tennessee and fought gunboats near Pittsburg Landing.  His service record does not say if he fought with his regiment at the Battle of Shiloh that April.  He was absent sick again in a Mississippi general hospital that spring and summer.  After that, his service record falls silent, so one wonders if he survived the war. 

 Léonard's second son Rosémond also served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry during the War of 1861.  Like his older brother Léonard, fils, Rosémond enlisted in the company in October 1861 and, except for a bout of illness that sent him to a general hospital in Mississippi during the summer of 1862, remained with his company.  After November 1863, Rosémond served also in Company C of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  He was still a part of this unit, serving in northwestern Louisiana, when the Confederate armies surrendered.  He signed his end-of-war parole at Natchitoches in early June 1865. 

Jérôme (1740-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Jérôme, younger son of Jean Gaudet and Marie Breau, born probably at Annapolis Royal in c1740, followed his family into exile and to a prison camp in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  He was still a bachelor when he came to Louisiana in 1765 with his widowed mother and two older siblings.  He followed his family to Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans and married fellow Acadian Marie Doucet there in the 1770s.  They remained on the Acadian Coast and may have been that rare Acadian couple who had no children.  

Pierre, fils (c1760-?) à ? à Jean Gaudet

Pierre, fils, elder son of Pierre Gaudet and Marie-Madeleine Doucet, born in exile in c1760, followed his family to Louisiana in 1765.  Spanish officials counted him with his mother and stepfather, Abraham Roy, at St.-Jacques in 1777.  He probably did not marry.

Charles (c1763-?) à ? à Jean Gaudet

Charles, younger son of Pierre Gaudet and Marie-Madeleine Doucet, born in exile in c1763, followed his family to Louisiana in 1765.  Spanish officials counted him with his mother and stepfather, Abraham Roy, at St.-Jacques in 1777.  He married Françoise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Berteau and Rose Savoie, at Cabahanncoer in June 1792.  Charles died near Convent, St. James Parish, in January 1841, in his late 70s.  His daughters married into the Frederick and Leche families.  Only his oldest son seems to have created a family of his own. 

Oldest son Pierre, born at Cabahannocer in February 1795, married Eméranthe, daughter of Pierre Loupe and Élisabeth Hautin, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in June 1818.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 28-year-old black male--on Pierre Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Pierre died near Convent, St. James Parish, in October 1854, age 59.  His daughters married into the Delatte and Roussel families.  Two of his sons also created their own families. 

Oldest son Pierre Théodolph or Théodule, called Théodule, born near Convent in February 1821, married Marie Séraphine, called Séraphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Paul Bourgeois and Marguerite Bourgeois, at the Convent church in July 1845.  Their son Joseph Edmé was born near Convent in October 1846; Louis Théophile, a twin, in September 1850; Jean or Léon Théodore in August 1852 but died at age 3 in August 1855; and Benjamin was born in June 1856.  Their daughter married into the Ledoux family.  One of Théodule's sons married before 1870. 

Oldest son Joseph Edmé married cousin Marie Augustine, daughter of fellow Acadians Hervillien Bourgeois and Marie Adolestine Bourgeois, at the Convent church in November 1866; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Joseph Pierre was born near Convent in March 1868. 

Pierre's second son Jérôme Séverin, born near Convent in March 1832, married Félicité Justine, daughter of fellow Acadians Valentin Gaudin and Séraphine Dugas, at the Convent church in February 1865.  Jérôme died near Convent in September 1866, age 34.  His line of the family probably died with him.

Pierre's third and youngest son Firmin Théogène, born near Convent in August 1836, does not seem to have married.   

Charles's second son, name unrecorded, died at Cabahannocer a day after his birth in August 1798.  

Charles's third son Charles-Valéry, born at Cabahannocer in November 1799, also may have died young, unless he was the Charles Gaudet who died near Convent in February 1861.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or even mention a wife, said that Charles died at "age 66 years."  Charles Valéry would have been age 61. 

Charles's fourth and youngest son Jérôme-Ursin, born at Cabahannocer in January 1804, died at age 9 in September 1813. 

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In 1785, five Gaudets--a father and his three children, and a bachelor cousin--came to Louisiana from France aboard two of the Seven Ships.  The family survived on Bayou Lafourche, but the bachelor, who was middle-aged when he reached the colony, did not create a family of his own: 

The bachelor cousin arrived on La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early December, but no new family lien came of it:

Joseph-Igance (1743-?) à Jean III à Jean, fils à Jean Gaudet

Joseph-Ignace, son of Jean-Baptiste Gaudet and Marie-Josèphe Darois, born in British Nova Scotia in c1743, followed his family to Île St.-Jean in 1750.  A French official counted him with his parents and five siblings at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest, on the south shore of Île St.-Jean, in 1752; he was listed as age 9.  His mother died probably at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest the following year.  In the fall of 1758, Joseph-Ignace, now in his mid-teens, with his widowed father and a younger brother, was deported to France aboard the ill-fated British transport Duke William.  They all survived a mid-ocean mishap aboard the vessel, which limped into St.-Malo harbor on the first day of November, but his father died at the Hotel-Dieu, St.-Malo, a day after they reached the port.  Younger brother Paul-Marie, only nine years old, died in an area hospital a few weeks later.  Joseph-Ignace, at age 15, lived at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, perhaps as a sailor, but he did not remain there.  At the end of October 1761, now 18, he embarked on the French privateer La Duchesse de Grammont to fight the British.  The Royal Navy captured the ship, and the British held Joseph-Ignace as a prisoner in England until the Seven Years' War ended in early 1763.  After his release--he was now age 20--Joseph-Ignace returned to St.-Servan and was counted there in the early 1770s.  In 1785, still a bachelor, now in his early 40s, he chose to go to Louisiana with hundreds of his fellow Acadians, the only one of his immediate family who emigrated to the colony.  He crossed on the sixth of the Seven Ships, La Ville d'Archangel, and followed the majority of his fellow passengers to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores, north of Baton Rouge before disappearing from the historical record.  He does not seem ever to have married, so his father's line did not endure.  

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The Gaudet family from France crossed aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-December.  A substantial new line came of it:

Louis (1728-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Louis, third son of Augustin Gaudet and Agnes Chiasson, born at Chignecto in c1728, married Marie, daughter of François Hébert and Anne Bourg, probably at Chignecto in c1751 and remained in the area.  The family escaped the British in 1755 and took refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  By 1760, they were at Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs, where one of their daughters was baptized in July of that year.  They either surrendered to, or were captured by, the British in the early 1760s and also were held at Fort Cumerland.  After the war with Britain, they followed other Acadians, including older brother Pierre, to Île Miquelon, where French officials counted them in 1767.  To relieve overcrowding on the island, the French transported them to France later in the year.  French officials counted them at La Rochelle in 1770 and 1772.  By 1773, they had moved to Nantes, where their youngest son was born.  Unlike brother Pierre, Louis survived his time in France.  He, wife Marie, and three of their children, two daughters and a son, crossed to Louisiana aboard the last of the Seven Ships and followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche. Louis's succession records are dated 1 August 1801 and 3 June 1804 and were filed at what became the Lafourche Parish courthouse; in 1801, he would have been in his early 70s.  His daughters Marguerite and Madeleine married into the Arceneaux and Graubert families at Cabahannocer on Bayou Lafourche.  His son created a large family on the bayou and established a new center of Gaudet family settlement there. 

Only surviving son François-Louis, born at Nantes, France, in c1773, followed his family to Louisiana aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships of 1785.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Caissie dit Roger and Anastasie Dugas, at Lafourche in July 1796.  They settled on the upper bayou near his parents.  Their daughters married into the Falgout and Hébert families.  François remarried to Marcelline, daughter of Charles Falgout and Angélique Dufrene of St. Charles Parish, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1816.  Their daughters married into the Evans, Lacapere, Lesseps, and Tucker families.  François-Louis, called François, père by the recording priest, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1831, age 58.  His first succession inventory was filed at the Thibodauxville courthouse the month of his death, and a petition for a new inventory was filed at the same courthouse in July 1835.  François's three older sons by his first wife married three of his second wife's sisters!  All but one of François's eight sons by both of his wives created families of their own in Assumption, Lafourche Interior, and Terrebonne parishes.  A remarkable number of them married first cousins.  One of them married a niece. 

Oldest son Joseph, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in the late 1790s, married Céleste, daughter of Charles Falgout and Angélique Dufrene and his stepmother's sister, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1817.  Their son Joseph, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1822, and Marcel Émile in July 1825.  Joseph died in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1836, in his late 30s or early 40s.  His succession inventory was filed at the Thibodauxville courthouse the same month.   His daughters married into the Atkinson, Bourgeois, and Williams families.  Both of his sons created their own families on Bayou Lafourche. 

Older son Joseph, fils married double first cousin Eloise Estelle, 18-year-old daughter of his uncle François Gaudet, fils and Hortense Falgout, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in April 1844, and sanctified the marriage at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 184.  Eloise's mother was Joseph, fils's maternal aunt.  Their son Joseph Armogasse was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1845 and died 12 days later, Théophile died 5 days after his birth in September 1847, Raphaël Pierre was born in January 1850, Émile Hippolyte in September 1851, and François Léon in February 1854.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old mulatto female--on Joseph Gaudet's farm along the bayou. 

Joseph, père's younger son Marcel Émile married Anaïse Félicité, daughter of Jean Baptiste Champagne and Anaïse Félicité Beauvais, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in August 1852.

François-Louis's second son François, fils, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in September 1798, married Hortense, another daughter Charles Falgout and Angelique Dufrene, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1818.  Their son Charles François was born probably in Assumption Parish in c1820, and Raphaël Léon or Léon Raphaël in Lafourche Interior Parish in July 1833.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted 14 slaves--seven males and seven females, all black except for one mulatto, ranging in age from 35 to 2--on François Gaudet's farm along Bayou Lafourche.  His daughters married into the Bourgeois, Gaudet, Smith, Toups, and Waguespack families.  His two sons created families of their own.

Older son Charles François married Emeranthe, 18-year-old daughter of Jean Louis Waguespack and Emeranthe Waguespack of St. Charles Parish, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1838.  Their son Charles Myrtile, called Myrtile, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1841; François Léon in February 1846; Guillaume J. died at age 1 1/2 months in February 1850; and Ernest Noël was born in December 1853.  Charles François's daughter married into the Coignet family.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Myrtile married cousin Justine, daughter of Ulgère Waguespack and his Acadian wife Marie Adèle Bourgeois, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in August 1865.  Their son Charles Édouard was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1867.

François, fils's younger son Léon Raphaël married first cousin Marie Louise, daughter of his uncle Charles Gaudet and his Creole wife Berthilde Geneviève Cantrelle, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in May 1857.  Their son Philippe Édouard was born in Lafourche Parish in October 1861, Thomas in October 1865, George Edgard in August 1868, and Léon Fernand in July 1870. 

François-Louis's third son Louis le jeune, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in August 1801, married Clémence, yet another daughter of Charles Falgout and and Angélique Dufrene, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1821.  Their son Louis, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1824, Aimé in c1833, François Justin or Justin François in December 1836, Joachim in August 1841, and Arthur Charles or Charles Arthur in September 1845.  Louis le jeune died in Lafourche Parish in October 1858; he was 57 years old; a petition for a family meeting was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse the following December.  His daughters married into the Boudreaux, Bourgeois, Legendre, Richard, and Toups families.  Three of his five sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Louis, fils married Elisa Adèle, 17-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Guillot and Hortense Pélagie Richard, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1845.  Their son Louis Émile was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1848, Léon in February 1851, Joseph Aristide in September 1852, Louis Prosper in February 1858, and Charles Arthur in December 1860.  Louis, fils's daughter married into the Toups family. 

Louis le jeune's second son Aimé died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1851.  He was only 18 years old and did not marry. 

During the War of 1861-65, Louis le jeune's third son F. Justin, as he was called in Confederate records, served as a fourth sergeant in Company G of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Louisiana, and in Company F of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  François Justin married Marie Angelina, daughter of Mathurin Philippeau and his Acadian wife Lucille Hébert, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in May 1869.

Louis le jeune's fifth and youngest son Charles Arthur married first cousin Marie Edesie, daughter of his uncle Charles Gaudet and Berthilde Geneviève Cantrelle, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in April 1870.

François Louis's fourth son Guillaume Hippolyte, called Hippolyte, from first wife Marie Roger, born at Ascension in July 1806, married Marie Eulalie, daughter of Jean Baudoin and Geneviève Andras, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1826.  Hippolyte died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1832, age 26.  His line of the family probably died with him. 

François Louis 's fifth son Charles, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Assumption Parish in September 1819, married Berthilde Geneviève, daughter of Jean Baptiste Cantrelle and Marie Edisie Daspit, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in September 1839.  Their son Charles Eugène was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1844, Jules François in December 1850, and Émile Arthur in December 1856.  Their daughters married Gaudet first cousins.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Charles Eugène married cousin Cora Rose or Rosine, daughter of Adolphe Daunaud or Donnard and Esilda Falgout, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in August 1869.

François Louis's sixth son Léon Fregins, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1823, married Émilie, another daughter of Jean Baptiste Cantrelle and Marie Edisie Daspit, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1845.  Their son Léon Firmin was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1847, Charles Alphonse in May 1849, and François Ernest in November 1851.

François Louis's seventh son Augustin Valsin, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1826, married cousin Angélique Amelie or Amelina, daughter of Guillaume Beauvais and Aimé Falgout, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1847.  Their son Oscar Augustin, also called François, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1848 but died at age 3 1/2 in September 1851; Louis Alexandre was born in August 1852; and Guillaume Augustin in July 1854 but died at age 1 1/2 in December 1855.  Augustin remarried to niece Mathilde Émilie, daughter of his half-brother François Gaudet, fils and Hortense Falgout, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in January 1863. 

François Louis's eighth and youngest son Marcel Jules, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1829, died at age 11 months in January 1830.

Gaudin

Gautreaux

Girouard/Giroir

Gousman

Granger

Gravois

Guidry

Guilbeau

Guillot

Hébert

Henry

Jeansonne

Labauve

Lachaussée

Lalande

Lambert

Landry

Lanoux

Lebert

LeBlanc

Legendre

Léger

Lejeune

Levron

Longuépée

Louvière

Martin

Mazerolle

Melançon

Michel

Mire

Moïse

Molaison

Mouton

Naquin

Orillion

Ozelet

Part

Pinel

Pitre

Poirier

Potier

Préjean

Prince

Richard

Rivet

Robichaux

Roger

Roy

Savoie

Semere

Sonnier

Louis Saulnier, a sailor born in France in c1663, came to Acadia by c1684, the year he married Louise Bastineau dit Peltier at Grand PréLouis died in c1730, in his late 60s, probably at Minas.  He and Louise had 14 children, including five sons, most if not all of them born at Minas, who created families of their own.  Five of their daughters married into the Boudrot, Boisseau dit Blondin, Lapierre, Oudy, and Hébert families.  In 1755, the sailor's descendants could be found not only at Minas, but also at Petitcoudiac in the trois-rivières region west of Chignecto, at Annapolis Royal, and on Île St.-Jean. 

When the Great Upheaval came that year, it scattered this family far and wide.  Many Saulniers escaped the British and sought refuge in Canada and on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Others were captured.  The British deported Saulniers from Minas to Virginia, and they ended up in England and France.  They then moved on to French Guiana, where most of them remained.  Meanwhile, during exile and after the war with Britain, their cousins in North America settled at St.-Joachim and Baie St.-Paul on the lower St. Lawrence and at Pointe-de-l'Église on Baie Ste.-Marie along the southwest coast of Nova Scotia.  Saulniers in greater Acadia who could not elude the British were held as prisoners in Nova Scotia until the war finally ended. 

The majority of the Saulniers who came to Louisiana reached New Orleans from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765.  They established family lines on the Opelousas prairies, where they were especially robust, and at Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans, later called the Acadian Coast.  Seven Saulnier females who came to Louisiana in 1765 were already a part of, or married into, the Babin, Cormier, Thibodeau, Chrétien, Forest, Lescossier, Layur, and Léger families.  Three Saulnier wives, married into the Hamon, Aucoin, and Boutary families, came to the colony from France in 1785 and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche and out on the prairies.  Meanwhile, the family's name evolved in the Spanish colony from Saulnier and Saunier to Sonnier.  By the early antebellum period, Sonniers on the river had moved either to lower Bayou Teche or to Bayou Lafourche, where a small center of family settlement emerged.  Throughout the late colonial and antebellum periods, however, the great majority of Sonniers, most of them descended from two of the brothers who had gone to the prairies, lived in communities from the Opelousas prairies down to lower Bayou Teche.  They were especially numerous at Bellevue and Grand Coteau in St. Landry Parish; at Carencro, La Butte, and Grand Prairie in Lafayette Parish; and at Fausse Pointe in St. Martin and Iberia parishes.66

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The Acadian Sonniers of Louisiana descend from two sets of brothers who came to the colony in 1765.  The first set of brothers arrived at New Orleans from Halifax either with the Broussards in February or soon afterwards and followed them to the western prairies:

Sylvain (c1736-1801) à Louis Sonnier

Sylvain, elder son of probably Étienne Saulnier and his first wife Jeanne Comeau, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1736, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  If he was a son of Étienne Saulnier, British officials counted his family at Halifax in August 1763.  Sylvain came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765, still a bachelor, with a younger half-brother and followed his kinsmen to the Opelousas District west of the Atchafalaya Basin, where he married fellow Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Bourg and Anne Boudrot of Île St.-Jean, in the late 1760s.  They settled on Prairie Bellevue south of the present city of Opelousas.  Their daughters married into the Comeaux, Dugas, Martin, Missonnier, and Thibodeaux families.  Sylvain was one of the 11 Opelousas settlers who petitioned Spanish Governor Ulloa in March 1768 for assistance with oxen and plows to grow wheat in the district.  In 1771, he owned 43 head of cattle and 15 horses on 6 arpents of land without title.  In 1774, he was running 120 head of cattle with eight horses and mules and owned 30 swine.  In 1777, his herd had increased to 150 head, and he owned two slaves, 11 horses, and 45 hogs.  By 1788, he owned eight slaves, 300 head of cattle, and 34 horses on 32 arpents of land.  The number of his slaves had increased to 11 by 1796.  Sylvain, père died at Opelousas in January 1801, in his mid-60s.  Most of his seven sons created families of their own and settled in St. Landry and Lafayette parishes. 

Oldest son Sylvain, fils, born at Opelousas in February 1771, married Emilie, called Humile, Humilde, and Melite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux and Anastasie Savoie, at Opelousas in May 1789, and remarried to Judith, daughter of Italian Donat Bello and his Creole wife Susanne Moreau, at Opelousas in December 1802.  Sylvain, fils's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1821.  He died "at the home of Charles Saunier," probably his younger brother, in Lafayette Parish in September 1829.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Sylvain was age 63 when he died, but he was 58.  Eight of his 11 sons by both of his wives created their own families. 

Oldest son Sylvain III, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, born at Opelousas in April 1789, died at age 5 in January 1796.

Sylvan, fils's second son Louis dit Valière, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, born at Opelousas in August 1797, married Denise, daughter of Creoles Pierre Carrière and of St. John the Baptist Parish and Marie Louise Vivarene of Illinois, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in February 1816.  They settled at Bois de Mallet.  Their son Louis, fils was born in November 1816 but died the following March, Sylvain le jeune was born in February 1822, and Valérien in April 1834.  They also had sons named Aurelien and Adrien.  Louis's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in March 1862.  He would have been age 65 that year.  His daughters married Derbonne and Sonnier cousins.  At least two of his five sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Aurelien married first cousin Émeline, called Meline, daughter of French Creole Michel Derbonne and his Acadian wife Melite Sonnier, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1848.  Their son Dutil, also called Agelus and Angelus, was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1851.  Aurelien's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1865. 

Only son Angelus died in St. Landry Parish in January 1867.  The Opelousas priest who recorded the burial said that Angelus died "at age 16 yrs.," but he was only 15 1/2.  His succession record, calling him Agelus, "a minor," was filed at the Opelousas courthouse the following April.  One wonders why a minor would need a succession record.  His father's family line may have died with him. 

Louis dit Valière's second son Adrien married Unibonne, also called Oniléone, daughter of Jean Baptiste Lebleu and his Acadian wife Marguerite Lejeune and widow of Martin Daigle, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1862.  They settled near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish.  Their son Colombe was born in January 1866. 

Sylvain, fils's third son Gilbert, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in October 1800, married Louise Céleste, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Babin and Anastasie Melançon, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1826.  Their son Joseph Vileor was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 5 months, less 8 days, in October 1829.  Gilbert remarried to Madeleine Elise, called Elise, daughter of fellow Acadians Valentin Landry and Céleste Bourgeois and widow of Alexandre Breaux, at the St. Martinville church in July 1838.  Their son François Alcide, called Alcide, was born in St. Martin Parish in April 1839 but died at age 1 1/2 in August 1840; Gustave or Augustave was born in December 1840 but died at age 4 1/2 in September 1845; and Charles Numa, called Numa, was born in September 1843 but died at age 2 in October 1847. 

Oldest Joseph Vileor, by first wife Louise Céleste Babin, married Mathilde, daughter of Spanish Creole Joseph Castille and his Acadian wife Céleste LeBlanc, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1849.  Their son Joseph Hertel was born near Breaux Bridge in June 1850, and Jean Derneville in March 1852.  Joseph Vileor remarried to Anglo American Emérante McBride in the 1850s.  Their son Joseph W. was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1859, and Gustave in February 1860. 

 Sylvain, fils's fourth son Joseph le jeune, perhaps by first wife Emilie Comeaux, birth or baptismal date unrecorded, may have died young.  

Sylvain, fils's fifth son Sylvain III, perhaps by first wife Emilie Comeaux, birth or baptismal date unrecorded, the second with the name, took up with Joséphine, also called Josette, daughter of Joseph Bello, in the 1810s, and sanctified the union at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1839.  Their son Sylvain IV was born in St. Landry Parish in February 1818, and Carlos in August 1821.  Sylvain III's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1851. His daughters married into the Carrière, Derbonne, Miller, Rivière, and Sabadie or Savadie families.  

Oldest son Sylvain IV married first cousin Marie Louise, called Louise, 17-year-old daughter of his uncle Louis dit Valière Sonnier and his aunt Denise Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1837.  Their son Valérien Sylvain or Sylvain Valérien was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1840, Carlos le jeune in August 1847, and Joseph Unique in August 1862.  Marie Louise's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in December 1866; she would have been 46 years old that year.  Sylvain IV likely remarried to Marie Ozea, daughter of Sylvain Benoit and Joséphine Belles, at the Eunice church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1869. 

Oldest son Sylvain Valérien, called Sylvain V. by the recording clerk, married Valentine Ygnace Fontenot in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in May 1863.  Their son Arthur Frange was born in St. Landry Parish in December 1865.  Sylvain Valérien, called Valérien by the recording clerk and the recording priest, remarried to Joséphine, daughter of Joel Kinny and Clementine LeBoeuf, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in March 1866, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in April. 

Sylvain, fils's sixth son Donat, by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelousas, age 5, in February 1808, married cousin Émilie, Émilite, Carmelite or Melite Françoise, daughter of Spanish Creole François Casanueva and Brigitte Bello, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1824.  Their son Donat, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1837, and Jean in July 1842.  Their daughter married into the Miller family. 

Only son Donat, fils married French Creole Flavie Lacase probably in St. Landry Parish in the late 1850s or early 1860s.  They settled between Ville Platte and Eunice. Their son Valérien was born in November 1861, Donat III in August 1864, and Donatien in January 1870. 

Sylvain, fils's seventh son Valéry, by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelouasas, age 4, in February 1808, married Arthémise, "natural" daughter of Pierre Carrière and Jacente Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in October 1824.  Their son Valéry, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1829, Paulin in June 1831, Don or Jean Louis Valéry near Grand Coteau in January 1838, and Sylvain le jeune in April 1841.  Their daughters married into the Lacase and Moreau families.  At least three of Valéry's sons seem to have created their own families. 

Oldest son Valéry, fils may have married cousin Zelima Sonnier in the late 1840s. 

Valéry, père's second son Paulin married Marie Gimber.  Their son Olivier Jemes was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1862. 

Valèry, père's third son Don Louis Valéry married Zéolide, daughter of François Ignace Fontenot and Lucie Derouen, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in February 1861.

Sylvain, fils's eighth son Don or Jean Louis, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish in March 1808, married Carmelite, called Émilite and Mélite, daughter of Urbin Carrière and Émilite Lacase, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in November 1827.  Their son Don or Jean Louis, fils was born in October 1837 but may have died in St. Martin Parish at age 12 in October 1849.  Don Louis's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in December 1854; he would have been 46 years old that year.  His daughters married into the Charlot, Doguet, and McDaniel families. 

Sylvain, fils's ninth Bélisle, also called William B., by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelousas, age 9 months, in September 1812, married Rosaline, 18-year-old daughter of Anglo American William McKay and his Creole wife Françoise Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1834, and remarried to Éloise or Louise, 19-year-old daughter of Michel Lacase and Éloise Carrière, at the Opelousas church in April 1839.  Their son Charles Bélisle, called Bélisle, fils, was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1846, and Bélisaire in May 1862. 

Older son Bélisle, fils, by second wife Éloise Carrière, married Clementine, daughter of Pierre Mouille and Félicité Durio, at the Eunice church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1870. 

Sylvain, fils's tenth Florian or Floriant, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish in April 1814, married 17-year-old Sephalie, Sephalide, or Syphalide, another daughter of Ursin Carrière and Émilite Lacase, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1834.  Their son Octave was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1837, Gerand in August 1854, and Étienne in March 1861.  Their daughter married into the François family. 

Oldest son Octave married Julienne, Juliana, or Julie, daughter of Jean Louis Miller and Zuline Bello, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in April 1861.  Their son Octave, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1865.  

Sylvain, fils's eleventh and youngest son Léandre, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish, in February 1837, if he survived childhood probably did not marry. 

Sylvain, père's second son Joseph, born at Opelousas in April 1776, probably died young.

Sylvain, père's third son Étienne, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in August 1779, died at age 1 in August 1780. 

Sylvain, père's fourth son Charles, baptized at Opelousas, age 4 1/2 months, in August 1781, took up with Sophie Bello, perhaps a sister of his older brother Sylvain, fils's second wife, in St. Landry Parish in the early 1800s.  Their "natural son" Charles, fils was born at Opelousas in April 1805 but died at age 14 in July 1819, and Sylvain le jeune was born in December 1807.  Their daughters married into the Richard and Winkler families.  Charles died in Lafayette Parish in September 1853.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Charles died "at age 65 yrs.," but he was closer to 72.  One wonders if, except for its blood, this family line endured.

Sylvain, père's fifth son Leufroi, almost called Godefroi, born at Opelousas in May 1788, married Marie Céleste Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux, fils and Perpetué Broussard of Côte Gelée, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in January 1809.  They settled at Côte Gelée and Grand Prairie in what became Lafayette Parish.  Leufroi died in Lafayette Parish in December 1848.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Leufroi died "at age 65 yrs.," but he was "only" 60.  His daughter married into the Chiasson and Richard families.  Four Leufroi's nine sons created their own families; three of them married to Landrys. 

Oldest son Leufroi, fils, born in St. Martin Parish in October 1811, married Françoise Aureline, called Aureline, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Landry and Marie Brasseaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1834.  Their son Symphorien was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 18 months, in May 1840; and Guillaume was born in December 1848.  Their daughter married into the Comeaux family. 

Leufroi, père's second son Éloi le jeune, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1813, married Marie Basilise, called Basilise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Landry and Françoise Landry, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1834.  Their son Pierre Edgar, called Edgar, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 2 months, in April 1835; Jean Hopar or perhaps Azenor at age 6 months in February 1837; Charles le jeune was born in January 1839; Olivier in July 1846; and Euclides in May 1849.  Their daughter married into the Bellaire family. 

Oldest son Edgar married Amelia or Emelia Fabre probably in Lafayette Parish in the late 1850s.  They settled near Youngsville.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in May 1859.  Edgar's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in February 1870.  He would have been age 35 that year. 

Jean Azenor, perhaps second son Jean Hopar, married Marie Julia Coulard and settled near Patoutville, now Lydia, Iberia Parish, by the late 1860s. 

Élois le jeune's third son Charles le jeune may have married Elizabeth Bellaire at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in January 1861.  They settled on the lower Vermilion.  Their son Albert was born in April 1867. 

Élois le jeune's fourth son Olivier married Léontine, also called Cléontine, daughter of Treville Fabre and his Acadian wife Clementine Broussard, at the Youngsville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1868.  They also settled on the lower Vermilion.  Their son Cléobule was born in January 1869, and Edgar le jeune in November 1870. 

Leufroi, père's third son Charles, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1815, may have died young.

Leufroi, père's fourth son Félix, born in St. Martin Parish in January 1821, may have died young. 

Leufroi, père's fifth son Valéry, born in Lafayette Parish, in January 1824, also may have died young. 

Leufroi, père's sixth son Sosthène, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 1/2 months, in February 1827, died at age 16 in October 1842,

Leufroi, père's seventh son Jacques Euclide, called Euclide, born in Lafayette Parish August 1829, married Eugènie Besida, Lesida, or Resida, daughter of fellows Acadian Éloi Landry and Marie Berthilde Landry, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1853.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in November 1861, and Éloi in December 1866. 

Leufroi, père's eighth son Sevigne, baptized at Vermilionville, age 1, in July 1834, died at age 1 1/2 in March 1835.  

Leufroi, père's ninth and youngerst son Alfred, baptized at Vermilionville, age 3 months, in July 1837, married Marie, Marine, or Maxine Frederick.  They settled on the prairie between Vermilionville and Church Point.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in November 1858; Augustave in August 1863; Valéry in September 1864; Jacques le jeune in February 1867; and Albert in July 1869. 

Sylvain, père's sixth son Éloi, born probably at Opelousas in c1791, died in Lafayette Parish in July 1836, age 45.  One wonders if he married.     

Sylvain, père's seventh and youngest son Joseph dit Cadz, born at Opelousas in August 1792, married Marie Adeline, called Julienne, Juliette, and Zéline, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Mines Guidry and Scholastique Hébert of Bayou Vermilion, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1811.  They settled on the Vermilion.  Their daughters married Guidry cousins. Five of Cadz's six sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Charles Émile, born in St. Martin Parish in February 1815, married Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Hébert and Marguerite Richard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1838.  Their son Ursin Théodule, called Théodule, was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1840; Aurelien in February 1841; Adrien near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in March 1852; and Joseph in Lafayette Parish in February 1854. 

Oldest son Théodule married Marie Coralie, called Coralie, daughter of fellow Acadians Firmin Breaux and Cleorine Richard and widow of Valérien Breause, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1866, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1869. 

Cadz's second son Joseph, fils, born in St. Martin Parish in June 1818, married Carmelite or Camille, daughter of fellow Acadians Leufroi Boudreaux and Marie Hébert, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in February 1837.  Their son Joseph III died in Lafayette Parish at age 12 days in June 1838, and Sevenne was born in December 1842. 

Cadz's third son Eusèbe dit Cadet, born prematurely in St. Martin Parish in November 1822, died at age 3 1/2 in June 1826.

Cadz's fourth son Jean, also called John, born in Lafayette Parish in December 1826, may have married Émelie Fontenot at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1849.  Their son Ignace was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1856.  They were living near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, by the early 1860s. 

Cadz's fifth son Sosthène, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1830, may have married Célestine Natalie, called Natalie, Broussard, in the late 1840s and lived near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, before moving to Bayou Queue de Tortue by the early 1850s.  Their son Joseph Adras was born near Grand Coteau in July 1852. 

Cadz's sixth and youngest son Edward, Eduard, or Edval, born in Lafayette Parish in May 1836, married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadian Alexandre Cormier and his Creole wife Susanne Ledoux, at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1869.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Vermilionville.  Their son Antoine had been born near Church Point in December 1868. 

Olivier (c1752-?) à Louis Sonnier

Olivier, son of probably Étienne Saulnier and his second wife Anne Darois, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1752, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and was taken to the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up at prisoners of war in Nova Scotia.  British officials counted his family at Halifax in August 1763.  Olivier came to Louisiana from Halifax in 1765 with older half-brother Sylvain and followed him to the Opelousas District.  Olivier's succession record was filed at what became the Opelousas courthouse in August 1775, though a census at Opelousas in May 1777 counted him as a bachelor who owned no slaves, 15 head of cattle, and four horses.  Olivier does not seem to have married. 

Joseph (c1756-1820) à Louis Sonnier

Joseph, son of Étienne Saulnier and his second wife Anne Darois, was born in Acadia in c1756 during exile.  He and his family found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore but ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia.  British officials counted them at Halifax in August 1763.  Joseph came to Louisiana in 1765 with an older sister and followed her to the Opelousas prairies.  Spanish officials counted him at Opelousas in 1771 with the family of sister Françoise, wife of Pierre Thibodeaux.  By 1774, while still a young bachelor living alone, he owned five head of cattle and three horses and mules.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Thibodeaux and Madeleine Broussard, at Attakapas in January 1779.  They settled on Prairie Bellevue, south of present-day Opelousas.  In 1788, Joseph owned 10 head of cattle and 30 horses on 13 arpents of land at Bellevue.  In the early 1800s, he and Marie lived to Grand Prairie, now downtown Lafayette; at La Butte between Lafayette and Breaux Bridge on upper Bayou Vermilion; and then at Carencro at the northern edge of the old Attakapas District.  Their daughters married into the Chiasson, Constantin, Dugas, and Guilbert families.  Joseph died at Carencro, then in St. Martin Parish, in October 1820.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 60 when he died, but he was closer to 64.  Most of his six sons created families of their own and settled in St. Martin and Lafayette parishes. 

Oldest son Joseph dit Padillau, also called Joseph, fils, baptized at Opelousas, age 6 months, in August 1781, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Louis Arceneaux and Anne Braud of St. James Parish, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in November 1818.  They settled at Carencro.  Joseph, fils died probably at Carencro in September 1829, a widower; he was only 49 years old; his succession records were filed at the Vermilionville courthouse later that month. 

Older son Joseph Rosémond, called Rosémond, was born in August 1819 but died at age 11 months in July 1820.

Padillau's second son Achille or Alcide, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age unrecorded, in August 1825, married Marguerite Cléonide or Cléonise, daughter of Joseph Allegre and his Acadian wife Marie Denise Cormier, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1842.  Their son Joseph le jeune was born in St. Martin Parish in October 1845; and Omar or Aymar, also called Ernest, near Breaux Bridge in February 1849.  Alcide's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in April 1849.  He would have been in his mid-20s that year.  Both of his sons created their own families. 

Older son Joseph le jeune married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Duclise Broussard and Célestine Broussard, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1868.  Their son Alcide was born near Breaux Bridge in January 1869. 

Achille's younger son Aymar, called Eymar by the recording priest, married cousin Aline, daughter of fellow Acadian Théogène Melançon and his Creole wife Cléophine Allegre, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in December 1869. 

Joseph, père's second son Jean-Baptiste, called Baptiste, born at Attakapas in March 1785, married Marie Clémence, called Clémence, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Athanase Breaux and of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1810.  They settled at Prairie Basse near Carencro.  Jean Baptiste died probably at Carencro in November 1827, age 42.  His daughters married into the Breaux and Guidry families.  Four of his seven sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Hippolyte Bienvenu or Bienvenu Hippolyte, born near Carencro in March 1813, Angélique, daughter of French Canadian Joseph Primeaux and widow of ____ Newman, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1847.  The priest noted in the marriage record that Angélique's first husband was "an unbaptized American," and that "She was in danger of death and was living with this man [Hippolyte] for 5 years."  Their son Théodule le jeune was born near Grand Coteau in February 1845 but died at age 7 1/2 in November 1852, Hippolyte, fils was born in February 1847, and Joseph Alexandre in April 1851.  Their daughter may have married into the Domingue family.  Hippolyte remarried to Spanish Creole Carmelite Dominguez, widow of Éloi Mouton, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in November 1854. 

Second son Hippolyte, fils may have married Louisa Brisco, Briscoe, or Briscau.  Their son Hippolyte Bienvenu le jeune was born near Grand Coteau in November 1866, and Onésime in February 1868 but died "at age 7 days." 

Baptiste's second son Joseph Théodule, called Théodule, born near Carencro in April 1817, married Marie Valsaine or Valsene, daughter of fellow Acadian Augustin Leger and and his Creole wife Merante Meche, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1842.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Augustin Ernest was born in September 1844, Joseph Honoré in September 1849, and Jules in June 1853 but died at age 9 in November 1862.  Their daughters married into the Colligan or Collogan, Fale or Fall, and Richard families. 

Baptiste's third son Jean dit Euclide, born near Carencro in June 1819, died in Lafayette Parish in May 1838, age 18.  He did not marry. 

A succession record for Baptiste's fourth son Pierre Mortimer, born near Carencro in May 1822, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in December 1865.  He would have been age 43 that year.  One wonders if he married. 

Baptiste's fifth son Cyprien, born near Carencro in August 1824, married cousin Céleste Anathalie or Nathalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Julien Comeaux and Céleste Breaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in November 1849.  Their son Joseph Clairfait was born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in January 1852.  Cyprien remarried to Élisabeth, daughter of Anglo Creole John Caruthers or Credeur and his Acadian wife and his Acadian wife Adélaïde Hébert and widow of Oscar Chiasson, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in March 1864.  Their son Marc was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1865, and Euchariste in March 1867.  Cyprien died in Lafayette Parish in September 1870; the Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial said that Cyprien died "at age 45 yrs.," but he was 46.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in October. 

Baptiste's sixth son Sylvestre Lucain died at age 7 days in November 1826.  

Baptiste's seventh and youngest son Simon Eugène, called Eugène, born posthumously in January 1828, married Marie Euzèide or Merida, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Rosémond Breaux and Calixte Arceneaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1855.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in Lafayette Parish "shortly after birth" in September 1856; and Alexandre Adam was born in July 1859.  Eugène remarried to Euphrosine, daughter of fellow Acadians Rosémond Mouton and Estelle Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church in February 1868. 

Joseph, père's third son Placide, born probably at Opelousas in c1789, married Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Dugas and Marie Duhon of La Butte, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1813.  They settled at La Butte and Grand Prairie.  Placide died in Lafayette Parish in April 1835, age 46.  His daughters married into the Cart, Hernandez, and Trahan families. His two older sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Joseph Léonard, born in St. Martin Parish in June 1818, married Céleste or Célestine, 18-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Hébert and Céleste Trahan, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1837.  Their son Placide le jeune was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1845, and Pierre near Grand Coteau in December 1859.  Their daughters married into the Breaux and Trahan families. 

Older son Placide le jeune married Odalie, daughter of Firmar, perhaps Firmin, Fuselier, at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in February 1868.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Eunice. 

Placide's second son Gédéon, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1820, married Célestine, 15-year-old daughter of Anglo American William Berwick and his Acadian wife Céleste Lejeune, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1839.  Their son Gédéon, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in April 1843, and Valentin in November 1848.  Their daughter married into the Breaux family.  Gédéon remarried to Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Doucet and Carmelite Richard, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1856. 

Older son Gédéon, fils married Adélaïde, called Délaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Onésime LeBlanc and Adélaïde Landry, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1867, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in April 1869.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Grand Coteau.  Their son Joseph Alceus was born in February 1869, and Adam Jean in November 1870. 

Placide's third son Jean died a day after his birth in St. Martin Parish in June 1825. 

Placide's fourth and youngest son François died at age 3 weeks in St. Martin Parish in August 1826. 

Joseph, père's fourth son Alexandre, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in July 1790, died "at his parents' home" at La Butte in January 1809.  He was only 18 years old and probably did not marry. 

Joseph, père's fifth son Pierre, born probably at Opelousas in the early 1790s, married Marie Adélaïde, called Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Dugas and Geneviève Robichaux of La Butte, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in October 1813.  They settled at La Butte and then at Grand Prairie, now downtown Lafayette.  Pierre died in Lafayette Parish in November 1850.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre died "at age 70 yrs."  At least two of his eight sons created their own families. 

Their oldest son, name unrecorded, died at age 1 month in St. Martin Parish in November 1816.

Pierre's second son Pierre Hermas or Darmas, called Darmas, born in St. Martin Parish in May 1822, married cousin Julie or Julienne, daughter of fellow Acadians Célestin Dugas and Julie Chiasson, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1840.  Their son Placide le jeune was born probably in Lafayette Parish in c1847, Alfred in June 1853, and Pierre, fils in November 1860. 

Oldest son Placide le jeune died in Lafayette Parish in November 1863, age 16. One wonders if his death was war-related.   

Pierre's third son Jean Moléon, born in Lafayette Parish in May 1824, died at age 4 1/2 in March 1829.

Pierre's fourth son Narcisse, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 months, in May 1827, died at age 2 in March 1829. 

Pierre's fifth son Joseph le jeune, born in Lafayette Parish in June 1829, died at age 1 1/2 in September 1830. 

Piere's sixth son Norbert, baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in March 1831, married cousin Zoe, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Anaclet Richard and Carmelite Sonnier, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in September 1859. 

Pierre's seventh son Maximilien, born in Lafayette Parish in February 1833, may have died young. 

Pierre's eighth and youngest son Treville died in Lafayette Parish at age 3 months in August 1834.

Joseph, père's sixth and youngest son Cyrille, baptized at Attakapas, age 8 months, in May 1795, married Susanne, called Susette, 16-year-old daughter of Anglo Creole Thomas Parr and his Acadian wife Marie Melançon, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in May 1822.  Cyrille died in Lafayette Parish in April 1859.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Cyrille died "at age 63 yrs."  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in August.  At least seven of his 13 sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Cyrille, fils, born in Lafayette Parish in July 1823, died at age 2 in September 1825,

Cyrille, père's second son Pierre le jeune, born in Lafayette Parish in March 1825, also may have died young. 

Cyrille, père's third son Antoine, also called Éloi, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1826, married Sylvanie, also called Eleonie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in June 1848.  Their son Antoine Numa was born in Lafayette Parish November 1854, and Joachim in April 1862. 

Cyrille, père's fourth son Louis, born in Lafayette Parish in April 1828, Emelia, called Melia, daughter of fellow Acadians Théovide Broussard and Marie Arthémise Hébert, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1849.  Their son Alcides was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1850, Paul Arthur in June 1854, and Élois in November 1870. 

Cyrille, père's fifth son Siméon or Simon, born in Lafayette Parish in February 1830, married Marie Rosalie, called Rosalie, daughter of Pierre Domingue and Marie Josèphine Hernandez and widow of Pierre A. Domingue, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1861.  Their son Joseph Numa was born in Lafayette Parish in June 1862, Edgar in October 1865 but died at age 2 in November 1867, and Amédé was born in March 1870.

Cyrille, père's sixth son Basile, also called Baptiste, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1831, married Philomène, daughter of François Guilbert and Émilie Begnaud, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1854.  Their son Honoré was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1855, and Théophile in February 1868. 

Cyrille, père's seventh son Joseph, born in Lafayette Parish in June 1833, died at age 1 in June 1834.

Cyrille, père's eighth son Olivier, born in Lafayette Parish in March 1835, died at age 18 months in September 1836.

Cyrille, père's ninth son Émile, born in Lafayette Parish, died, age unrecorded, in December 1835.

Cyrille, père's tenth son Thomas Estel, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 3 months, in January 1837, may have married Marcellite Riggs in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in December 1870. 

Cyrille, père's eleventh son Paulin was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1840.

Cyrille, père's twelvth son Alexandre, born in Lafayette Parish in August 1841, married Marie Emelise, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Chiasson and Julie Dugas, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in January 1861.  Their son Cyrille Esseus was born in Lafayette Parish in April 1866, and Julien Eucharis in October 1868.   

Cyrille, père's thirteenth and youngest son Marcel, born in Lafayette Parish in January 1844, married Marie Constance, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Louvière and Séraphine Delphine Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1866. 

.

A second set of Saulner brothers reached New Orleans from Halifax later in 1765 and went not to the western prairies but to an established Acadian settlement on the river above New Orleans: 

Joseph (c1739-1812) à Pierre à Louis Sonnier

Joseph, elder son of Pierre Saulnier, fils and Madeleine Haché-Gallant, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1739, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  He may have married a fellow Acadian by then.  He and two of his siblings came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765 and settled at Cabahannocer above New Orleans.  Spanish officials counted him with widowed sister Anne and two nieces on the left, or east, bank of the river at Cabahannocer in 1766.  He married, or remarried to, fellow Acadian Marie Landry, widow of Alexis Granger, at Cabahannocer in November 1767.  They were living on the east bank of the river there in 1769.  Eight years later, in January 1777, he and his family were still living on the east bank of the river at Cabahannocer, but by then he was a widower.  His daughter by wife Marie married into the Bourgeois family.  Joseph remarried to fellow Acadian Marie Breaux, widow of Amand Richard, at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in August 1777.  In 1779, they held three slaves on their holding along the river.  Their daughter married into the Lanoux family.  Joseph died in St. James Parish in December 1812.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 82 when he died, but he was closer to 72.  His older son's line did not survive.  His younger son settled on Bayou Lafourche and created a third center of family settlement.  They were, in fact, the only Sonniers to settle there during the antebellum period. 

Older son Donat, by first or second wife Marie Landry, perhaps also called Simon, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in July 1773, may have married Françoise, a woman whose surname has been lost to history, probably at St.-Jacques in the late 1790s or early 1800s.  Their son, name and age unrecorded, died at St.-Jacques in October 1806.  Simon's wife died the next day, age 35.  Simon himself died at St.-Jacques in April 1807.  The priest who recorded his burial did not give Simon's parents' names, mention his wife, or give his age at the time of his death, but this probably was him.  One wonders if his family line survived.

Joseph's younger son Joseph-Édouard, called Édouard, by second or third wife Marie Breaux, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in May 1780, married Denise, also called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Charles Arceneaux and Marie-Josèphe Babin, at St.-Jacques in February 1799.  Most of their children were born in what became St. James Parish.  They moved to Bayou Lafourche in the early 1820s, creating a third center of family settlement, and were the last of the Acadian Sonniers to abandon the river settlements.  Édouard died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1842.  The Thibodaux priest who recorded his burial said that Édouard died "at age 64 to 65 yrs.," but he was closer to 62.  His daughters married into the Authement and Bourg families.  Four of his six sons created their own families, but at least one line did not survive. 

Oldest son Joseph le jeune, born at St.-Jacques in December 1802, married Marie Josette or Rosette, daughter of François Percle and Marie Triche, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1827.  Their son Joseph Omere was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1830 but died at age 3 in October 1833; Édouard or Jean Amédée was born in December 1832 but died at age 1 in October 1833; Zéphirin Aristide, called Aristide, was born in Ascension Parish in August 1834; and Joseph Léonidas in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1836 but died at age 1 in December 1837.  Their daughters married into the Lasseigne and LeBlanc families. 

Third son Aristide married Honorine, daughter of Henri Lirette and his Acadian wife Marie Breaux, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in December 1851.  Their son Joseph Alcide, called Alcide, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1852.  Aristide, père died in Lafourche Parish in September 1853 "during [a] yellow fever epidemic,"age 19.  A "petition for tutorship" for his son was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse in July 1855, and a "family meeting" was held at the Houma courthouse, Terrebonne Parish, in March 1856.  Aristide, père's daughter Victorine Ernestine was born posthumously in March 1854. 

Édouard's second son Jean Baptiste le jeune, born at St.-Jacques in October 1804, died at age 1 1/2 in January 1806.

Édouard's third son Simon le jeune, born in St. James Parish in c1812, died near Convent, St. James Parish, at age 3 in July 1815. 

Édouard's fourth son Marcellin or Onésime, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in September 1814, married Anne Marie, daughter of Antoine Vicknair and Dolothe Cuvillier and widow of Pierre Lasseigne, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in December 1846.  Onésime died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1847, age 33. A "petition for administrator" in his name was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse in May 1848.  He and his wife had no children, or least none who appear in local church records, so his line of the family probably died with him. 

Édouard's fifth son Julien or Jules, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in May 1819, married Euphrosine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Breaux and Marie Félicité Richard, at the Thibodaux in June 1855. 

Édouard's sixth and youngest son Jean Charles, called Charles, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in November 1821, married Marie Rosalie, called Rosalie, another daughter of Joseph Breaux and Marie Félicité Richard, at the Thibodaux church in September 1846.  Their son Joseph Édouard Octave, called Octave, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1849; Édouard Timothée or Timothée Édouard in October 1851 but died at age 1 in December 1852; Adam Arthur was born in November 1853; and Édouard Clinton in February 1861.  Their daughter married into the Bergeron family. 

Oldest son Octave married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of Zenon Roussel and Carmelite Grégoire, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in April 1869; the marriage also was registered in Terrebonne Parish.  Their son Joseph was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1870. 

Jean-Baptiste (c1746-?) à Pierre à Louis Sonnier

Jean-Baptiste, called Jean, younger son of Pierre Saulnier, fils and Madeleine Haché-Gallant, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1746, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  Jean and two of his siblings came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765 and settled at Cabahannocer.  Spanish officials counted him on the right, or west, bank of the river there in 1766 and on the left, or east, bank of the river in 1769.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Abraham Roy and his first wife Anne Aubois, at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in May 1773.  They were still living on the east bank of the river there in 1777.  A daughter, born in August 1784, was baptized at New Orleans the following March.  The family was living on upper Bayou Lafourche in the late 1780s and early 1790s, the first Acadian Sonniers to settle there, but few, if any, of their children remained on the bayou.  Their daughters married into the Cuvillier, Duval, Henrique, Martin, and Nopper families; most of them settled on the western prairies.  Jean-Baptiste's two sons, like his daughters, followed their Roy relatives to the western prairies and settled on Bayou Teche.

Older son Jean-Baptiste, fils, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in August 1776, married Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Come LeBlanc and Isabelle Broussard of Fausse Pointe, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in June 1813.  They remained on Bayou Teche.  Their daughters married into the Broussard and Daniel families.  Two of Jean-Bapitste, fils's four sons created their own families, but only one of the family lines seems to have endured. 

Oldest son Marcellin, born in St. Martin Parish in March 1814, married cousin Marie Azélie, called Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Raphaël Broussard and Modeste LeBlanc, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in August 1834.  They settled near New Iberia.  Their son Philemon was born in July 1839; and Marcellin, fils in November 1840.  Marcellin remarried to Sidalise Dubois.  Their son Joseph Adam was born in St. Martin Parish in February 1853; Jean Baptiste le jeune in September 1854 but died at age 7 in November 1861; Jean Cibley, perhaps Sibley, called Cibley, was born in December 1862 but died at age 4 1/2 in September 1867; Paul Jefferson Davis, called Davis, was born in December 1864 but died at age 2 1/2 in May 1867; and Pierre Noël was born in December 1867. 

Jean-Baptiste, fils's second son, name and age unrecorded, died "at the home of [Scotsman John] Martin, his [Jean-Baptiste, fils's] brother-in-law [husband of sister Françoise] at L'île Labbé," in St. Martin Parish in January 1818. 

Jean-Baptiste, fils's third son Jean Onésime, called Onésime, born in St. Martin Parish in September 1819, married cousin Louise, also called Marie Elisa, Sonnier, at the St. Martinville church in November 1841.  Their son Jean Baptiste le jeune was born in St. Martin Parish in July 1847 but died at age 1 in October 1848.  One wonders if the family line survived.   

Jean-Baptiste, fils's fourth and youngest son Jean Baptiste III, born in St. Martin Parish in September 1825, died at age 3 1/2 in March 1829. 

Jean-Baptiste, père's younger son Jean-L'Esprit, born at Ascension in July 1791, married Félicité, daughter of French Creole Louis Saucier, probably in the 1820s.  They, too, settled on Bayou Teche.  Their only son created his own family there. 

Jean, fils, perhaps also called Jean Azenor or Azenor Jean, born in St. Martin Parish in April 1828, may have married Élizabeth, daughter of Gilbert Amy and his Acadian wife Élizabeth Landry, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1861, remarried to Marie Julia Coulard, and settled near Patoutville, now Lydia, Iberia Parish, by the late 1860s. 

Talbot

Templet

Thériot

Thibodeaux

Trahan

Usé

Villejoin

This family came late to greater Acadia, and they were among the last Acadians who emigrated to Louisiana.  Moreover, the Rousseau de Villejoins were far from typical Acadians.  None of them helped build aboiteaux on the edge of the salt marshes lining the Bay of Fundy.  They lived, instead, on Newfoundland, Île Royale, and Île St.-Jean, but they were not simple fishermen or boat builders or even prominent merchants there.  As their name implies, they were proud descendants of French nobility.  They served in the Maritime garrisons as military officers, some of them chevaliers of the order of St.-Louis, and one of them was commandant of Île St.-Jean at the beginning of Le Grand Dérangement.  Their noble status did not spare them from the tragedy of the Great Upheaval.  Back in France, to which they were forcibly deported, they again served their monarch as military commanders.  The former commandant of Île St.-Jean, in fact, rose to the rank of general, and his eldest son became governor of a French island in the West Indies. 

Gabriel-Louis, son of Gabriel Rousseau, sieur de la Gorre et de Villejoin, gentlehomme servant son altesse royale Gaston de France, and Dame Marie Baudron, was born at St.-Honoré, Blois, France, in c1683.  Gabriel-Louis inherited his father's title, sieur de Villejoin, and served as an officer in the troupes de la marine at Fort-Louis, Plaisance.  Gabriel-Louis married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Sr. François Bertrand, colonel of militia and a member of the Order of St.-Louis, and Jeanne Giraudet, at Plaisance in April 1708.  Their wedding must have been a big affair; Newfoundland governor Pastour de Costebelle and dozens of other distinguished guests witnessed the ceremony.  Marie-Josèphe gave Sr. Gabriel-Louis six children, at least two sons and three daughters, including two sons who married daughters of fellow French aristocrats and who also were their cousins.  Two of Gabriel-Louis's daughters married into the Le Coutre de Bourville and Tarride du Haget families at Louisbourg on Île Royale.  Two of his sons married.  Gabrie-Louis served not only at Plaisance, Newfoundland, but also at the French citadel of Louisbourg and at Port-La-Joye on Île St.-Jean, where died in September 1718, in his mid-30s.  Gabriel-Louis and Marie-Josèphe's descendants served or settled at Louisbourg and on Île St.-Jean.  Needless to say, members of this family were not "typical" Fundy Acadians.  Gabriel-Louis's older son Gabriel de Villejoin, fils married Anne-Angélique, daughter of Louis-Joseph de Gannes de Falaise and Marguerite Le Neuf de La Vallière, at Louisbourg in January 1733, and remarried to Barbe, daughter of Michel Le Neuf de La Vallière and Renée Bertrand and widow of Louis Delort, at Louisbourg in December 1753.  Gabriel, fils, like his maternal grandfather, became a chevalier of the Order of St. Louis.  He died at St.-Jean-d'Angély, Aunis, France, in November 1781, age 72, after serving the King as a brigadier.  Gabriel-Louis's younger son Michel d'Orfontaine married Angélique, another daughter of Michel Le Neuf de Vallière and Renée Bertrand, at Port-La-Joye, Île St.-Jean, in May 1757, on the eve of the islands' Grand Dérangement.

Living in territory controlled by France, the Rousseau de Villejoins and Rousseau d'Orfontaines escaped the roundup of the Acadians in British Nova Scotia in the fall of 1755.  Gabriel-Louis and Marie-Josèphe's older son Gabriel, fils, in fact, had been commandant of Île St.-Jean for a year when Governor Lawrence and the colonial council in Halifax ordered the deportations.  Three years earlier, in 1752, a French official had counted 2,223 inhabitants on Île St.-Jean, up from 735 four years earlier.  It was Gabriel Rousseau de Villejoin's sad duty, as commandant of island, to care for the hundreds of Acadian refugees who fled to Île St.-Jean in the autumn and winter of 1755, most of them with little more than the shirts on their backs.  (The entire population of Cobeguit, for instance, escaped to Île St.-Jean that autumn when they heard the British were rounding up their fellow Acadians north and west of them.)  Governor-General Vaudreuil at Québec did his best to send relief to the island.  In an August 1756 letter to the Minister of Marine, Vaudreuil painted a dismal picture of conditions on the island:  "Misery is great on Île Saint Jean," he wrote.  "Most of the inhabitants are without bread, M. de Villejoin having fed 1,257 refugees since last autumn."  That same year, Commandant Villejoin informed the governor that there were now 4,400 Acadians on the overcrowded island! 

But the suffering of the Acadians on Île St.-Jean had only just begun.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up most of the inhabitants on the island and deported them to France.  Commandant Villejoin and his family did not escape the deportation.  They crossed on one of the five British transports that left the Gut of Canso in late November 1758 and reached St.-Malo in late January 1759.  Gabriel and his wife Barbe Le Neuf de La Vallière survived the crossing, but their 18-month-old son Louis-Melchior died at sea.  Younger brother Michel, his wife Angélique Le Neuf de La Vallière, and their family also were deported to France, from Île Royale. 

Most of the island Acadians exiled to France languished in the nation's port cities, relying largely on the King's charity to feed their families.  Not so the Rousseau de Villejoins.  Their status as nobles and their good service in greater Acadia led to promotions, not poverty.  In 1760, a year after he and his family returned to France, Gabriel became commandant des troupes des colonies at Rochefort.  When the war with Britain finally ended and there were no more colonial troops in North America to administer, Gabriel was named governor of Île de la Désirade, Guadeloupe, in the French Antilles, in 1763.  Fives years later, after Désirade came under the governorship of Guadeloupe, Gabriel returned to France, where he was appointed brigadier des armées du roi.  He died at St.-Jean-d'Angély, Aunis, France, in November 1781, in his early 70s.  Meanwhile, Gabriel's younger brother Michel sieur d'Orfontaine served as capitaine dans les troupes nationales in Guiana, South America, before retiring from the King's service in 1765. He died probably in France after1789, in his 70s. 

Gabriel-Michel, called Michel, Gabriel, fils's second son by his first wife Anne-Angélique de Gannes de Falaise, had fought in greater Acadia during the war with Britain while in his 20s.  In the late 1760s, Michel emigrated to French St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, probably from France.  Like his father and grandfather, he served as an officer in both the militia and the King's forces.  During his long military career, he was lieutenant pour le roi and capitaine aide-major des milices du quartier at Cayes du Fond and major commandant pour le roi at Tiburon on the island.  He married Anne-Félicité, called Félicité, daughter of Joseph-Cyprien Reynaud, a prominent planter and militia officer, and Marthe Nicolas, at Cayes du Fond, today's Les Cayes, on the southwest coast of the island in October 1771.  Michel and Félicité had at least three children, including two sons.  Michel was still alive when the slave revolt in St.-Domingue erupted in 1791.  He died at Les Cayes in February 1799, age 65.  His family left St.-Domingue probably soon after his death.  At least three of his children--sons Louis-Joseph, called Joseph, and Grégoire-Michel, both unmarried; and married daughter Marie-Josèphine, wife of ____ Salle or Salleo of France and Haiti--emigrated to Louisiana from Haiti via Cuba perhaps in 1809 with hundreds of other Haitian refugees.  They chose to settle not at New Orleans with the great majority of their fellow exiles but on the western prairies, where they called themselves Villejoin, not Rousseau.  The family's noble de also disappeared in republican Louisiana. 

Gabriel-Michel's children would have been considered French Creole or Foreign French by their Acadian neighbors though his family had lived in greater Acadia.  Older son Joseph, age 37 in 1809, evidently did not marry.  Younger son Grégoire Michel married a French Creole in 1812 in what was then St. Martin Parish and settled at Côte Gelée near present-day Broussard.  One of his sons created a family of his own and settled on the prairie west of Vermilionville.  Although the family had lived in the old Attakapas District for decades, no Villejoin appears in the federal slave census schedules for 1850 and 1860.  Nor does a Villejoin appear in Confederate service records during the War of 1861-65.  The family remained a small one.  According to a descendant, the Villejoins today consider themselves Cajuns, and "the surname is often still found from Vermillion westward," especially in the Kaplan/Crowley area of Vermilion and Acadia parishes.10

Grégoire-Michel (1777-1847) à Gabriel, fils à Gabriel de Villejoin

Grégoire-Michel, son of Gabriel-Michel Rousseau de Villejoin and Anne-Félicité Reynaud of Les Cayes, French St.-Domingue, in June 1777, the son of a well-to-do planter and military officer.  Grégoire-Michel was a teenager when the Haitian slave revolt broke out in the early 1790s.  Later in the decade or in the early 1800s, he and his family fled to Cuba or Jamaica to escape the violence in Haiti.  Grégoire and two of his older siblings likely were among the thousands of Haitian refugees whom the Spanish deported to New Orleans in 1809.  He would have been age 32 that year and was still a bachelor.  In Louisiana, he used his family's seigneurial name, not its surname Rousseau, as he probably had done in Haiti, but he did not use the noble de; he was simply Grégoire Villejoin, a reflection, perhaps, of his residence in a republic, not a royal colony.  At age 35, Grégoire married Marguerite, daughter of Jean Baptiste Jeannot and his Acadian wife Madeleine Hébert of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1812.  They settled at Côte Gelée, which became part of the newly-created Lafayette Parish in 1823.  Like his noble ancestors, Grégoire must have been a shaker and a mover in his community.  In the 1820s, he served as the first sheriff of Lafayette Parish.  A succession record in his name was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in August 1833.  He died at New Orleans in May 1847, age 69.  His daughters married into the Istre and LaFosse families, and perhaps into the Miller family as well.  Only his older son created a family of his own, but the line survived on the western prairies. 

Older son Prosper, born probably at Côte Gelée in May 1813, married Clementine LaFosse probably in the 1830s. They settled near Carencro at the northern edge of the old Attakapas District.  Their son Joseph Alcide was born in the late 1830s or early 1840s, and Prosper, fils in May 1854.  Their daughter married into the Caruthers or Credeur and Cormier families. 

Older son Joseph Alcide married Adeline, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Lejeune, fils and Adeline Hébert, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in August 1860, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1867.  They settled probably near Church Point. Their son Émile was born in September 1861. 

Grégoire Michel's younger son Paulin, born at Côte Gelée in August 1817, may have died young.

Vincent

 

BOOK ONE:        French Acadia

BOOK TWO:        British Nova Scotia

BOOK THREE:     Families, Migration, and the Acadian "Begats"

BOOK FOUR:      The French Maritimes

BOOK FIVE:        The Great Upheaval

BOOK SIX:          The Acadian Immigrants of Louisiana

BOOK SEVEN:     French Louisiana

BOOK EIGHT:      A New Acadia

BOOK NINE:        The Bayou State

BOOK TEN:          The Louisiana Acadian "Begats"

BOOK ELEVEN:  The Non-Acadian "Cajun" Families of South Louisiana

BOOK TWELVE:  Acadians in Gray

 

 SOURCE NOTES - BOOK TEN-A

01.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Lafayette Parish; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Lafourche, & Lafayette parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 897-908, 1657, 2219-20, 2272-74, 2458-59; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:144; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 78-79; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 234, 236; Milling, Exile Without End, 41-42; NOAR, vol. 2; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family Nos. 53, 57, 58, 62, 152, 156, 182; Richey, Tirailleurs, 269; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 26; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 40-41; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 198-202; White, DGFA-1, 347-58; White, DGFA-1 English, 78-80; Books One, Three, Four, Five, Six, Eight; Chiasson family page.  

02.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 819, 1454, 1457-58, 2009, 2187; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; "Census for Ile Royale by Sr de la Rocque," in <acadian-home.org>; De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:10; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 80; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; NOAR, vols. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Reine_d_Espagne.htm>, Family No. 15; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 27; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 41; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 202, 780-82; Robichaux, German Coast Families, 202-08, 318-19; Taylor, J. G., Louisiana, 147; White, DGFA-1, 552, 1575, 1582-83; Books Four, Six, Eight; Clément family page. 

03.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, St. James Parish; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, St. James Parish; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1136-37, 2459-60; Brasseaux, ed., Quest for the Promised Land, 133; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 1b, 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 93, 99, 153, 182; Books Three, Six, Eight; Clouâtre family page. 

04.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption, Iberville, Lafayette, St. James, St. Landry, St. Martin, St. Mary, & West Baton Rouge parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption, East Baton Rouge, Iberville, Lafayette, St. Landry, St. Mary, Vermilion, & West Baton Rouge parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 484-93, 1137-38, 1365-66, 1546-57, 2220-21, 2296-97, 2460-63; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:26, 155-56, 159; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 60, 82-83, 294, 308, 585, 598, 600-01; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Menn, Large Slaveholders of LA, 1860, 376, 380-81; NOAR, vols. 2, 4, 6; <porttoulouse.com/html/1717a.html>;  <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family No. 48; Robichaux, Acadians in Chatellerault, 19-20; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 28-29, 42-43, 560, 749; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 123-24, 206-13, 311; West, Atlas of LA Surnames, 50-52, 159-60; White, DGFA-1, 369-93; White, DGFA-1 English, 83-88; Dave Comeau, descendant; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Comeaux family page. 

05.  See 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption & Terrebonne parishes; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:121; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 62-65; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, CD; NOAR, vol. 4; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 27-28; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 222-23, 824; Books Four, Six, & Eight; Crochet family page. 

06.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 500-01, 946-47, 1143-50, 1368-74, 1557-58, 2228, 2328-32, 2467-69; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:15, 84-85, 103, 106, 112, 116, 119, 128, 115; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 93-97, 196, 263-64, 280, 415, 556-58, 562, 565, 569, 573, 599, 608, 610, 613, 631, 635; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 15-16, 65-66, 69, 150, 175, 217; Milling, Exile Without End, 21, 41, 44; NOAR, vols. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family Nos. 23, 24, 25; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family Nos. 17, 63, 64, 65, 75, 77, 78, 79, 80, 84, 85, 91, 93, 165, 169, 180; "Ristigouche, 24 Oct 1760"; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 28-29; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 43-49, 68, 89, 111-12; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 38-39, 114-15, 141-44, 153-54, 203, 231-53, 316, 344, 359-60, 387-89, 391-93, 533, 554-55, 753-55; West, Atlas of LA Surnames, 54-55, 160-61; White, DGFA-1, 446-52; White, DGFA-1 English, 100; Wood, Acadians in Maryland, 110-11; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Daigle/Daigre family page. 

09.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Calcasieu, Lafayette, St. Landry, & St. Martin parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Lafayette, St. Landry, & St. Martin parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 494, 909-28, 2221-22, 2275-76, 2297, 2463-66; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 1:130; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 9; Brasseaux, Founding of New Acadia, 142, 205-06; Brasseaux, ed., Quest for the Promised Land, 16, 114-15, 128; <thecajuns.com>, "Acadians Who Arrived in New Orleans in 1764"; La Famille Cormier genealogy database; Faragher, A Great & Noble Scheme, 430-31; Griffin, Attakapas Country, 72; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 3, 84-86, 332; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6; "Mi'kmaq Families at St. George Bay," AGE, May 2008, 44; Milling, Exile Without End, 41-42; NOAR, vols. 4, 7; Oubre, Vacharie, 68-69; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family No. 51; Robichaux, Acadian in St. Malo, 213-14, 277; U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907; West, Atlas of LA Surnames, 52-53, 160; Stephen A. White, "Cormier, Pierre, in DCB, online; White, DGFA-1, 400-10; White, DGFA-1 English, 89-92; Books One, Three, Five, Six, & Eight; Cormier family page. 

10.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 1698, 1966-67, 2138; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 392; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <lagenealogy.net/RousseauVillejoin.aspx>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 53; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 777; Andrew Rodger, "Rousseau de Villejouin (Villejoin, Villejoint), Gabriel," in DCB, online; <rootsweb.ancestry.com/~htiwgw/familles/fiches/004820.htm>; White, DGFA-1, 1070, 1422-23; Books Four, Five, Six, & Eight; Villejoin family page. 

Interestingly, Grégoire-Michel Villejoin's hometown, Les Cayes, Haiti, also is the birth place of John James Audubon, the famous ornithologist & painter, who was born at Les Cayes (birth name Jean Rabin) in Apr 1785. 

66.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 1285-88, 1569-72, 2585-88; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5 (rev.), 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:107, 132; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 402-03, 589; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 249, 251, 307-08, 310-13, 315-20, 322; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 11-12; White, DGFA-1, 1446-51; White, DGFA-1 English, 304-05; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Sonnier family page.

72.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Assumption, Lafourche Interior, St. Landry, & St. James parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, St. Landry & St. James parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 554-61, 964-76, 1386-87, 1658, 2232-34, 2278-79, 2339, 2490; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 3:122; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:56, 85, 102, 164-65; "Fort Cumberland, 24 Aug 1763"; "Fort Edward, 1761-62"; Hall, W., 26th LA Infantry, 225; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 98-99, 106-07; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 147-49; Hébert, South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Menn, Large Slaveholders of LA, 1760, 352, 355-56; NOAR, vol. 2; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family Nos. 2, 14, 45; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 28; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 41; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 187, 228; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 178-79, 334-37; White, DGFA-1, 666-86; White, DGFA-1 English, 139-44; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Gaudet family page. 

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