BOOK TEN-2:  The Louisiana Acadian "Begats" - continued

Chiasson

Clément

Clouâtre

Comeaux

Cormier

Cormiers had gone early to French Acadia.  Robert Cormierborn in c1610, son perhaps of Abraham Cormier and Catherine Le Mayne of Dieppe, became a master ship's carpenter.  In January 1644, while living in La Rochelle, Robert signed an indenture calling for three years service at 120 livres per annum with Louis Tuffet, commander of Fort St.-Pierre, a post maintained by Cardinal Richelieu's Company on Cape Breton IslandAccompanied by wife Marie Péraud and two young sons, Thomas and Jean, Robert sailed from La Rochelle aboard Le Petit St.-Pierre and reached Fort St.-Pierre in late spring of that year.  According to Acadian genealogist Bona Arsenault, after he fulfulled his indenture, Robert stayed on at Fort St.-Pierre, now St. Peter's, Nova Scotia, until 1650, when he took his family to Port-Royal.  Sometime in the 1650s, when trouble again shook the colony, Robert, Marie, and their younger son probably returned to La Rochelle, although Arsenault would have us believe that Robert remained at Port-Royal and died there in February 1712, age 101.  What is certain is that son Thomas, who turned 18 in 1654, the year the English seized Port-Royal again, remained in the colony despite the troubles erupting all around him.  He may have become a ship's carpenter like his father and worked at the trade in the colony's major settlement, or he may have become a farmer.  

In 1668, at age 32, Thomas Cormier finally started a family of his own when he married Marie-Madeleine, called Madeleine, 14-year-old daughter of François Girouard and Jeanne Aucoin at Port-Royal Thomas and Madeleine had 10 children.  Five of their daughters married into the Boudrot, Haché dit Gallant, Cyr, and Poirier families.  All four of Thomas and Madeleine's sons--François, Alexis, Germain, and Pierre--married LeBlancs from Grand-Pré.  Thomas's sons remained at Chignecto, as did their sons.  The Cormiers, in fact, were among the few early Acadian families that did not branch out to other Fundy settlements.  Most of them settled at Menoudy and along Rivière-des-Hébert, east of the Baie de Beaubassin.  Not until the petit dérangement of the early 1750s did members of the family leave Chignecto to escape the chaos in the region. 

Le Grand Dérangement of 1755 scattered this family to the winds.  Descendants of Thomas Cormier ended up in the British Atlantic colonies of South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts; in England; in eastern and northwestern New Brunswick; at Halifax; on the southern Gaspé Peninsula; up and down the St. Lawrence valley; at St.-Malo, France; in the Caribbean basin, especially in French St.-Domingue; on Cape Breton Island; in Newfoundland; on Île Miquelon; on the îles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; and in Louisiana.  

Cormiers were among the first Acadians to arrive in Louisiana.  Jean-Baptiste Cormier of Chignecto, with wife Madeleine Richard and five daughters, arrived at New Orleans in February 1764 from Savannah, Georgia, via Mobile with three other families from Chignecto who had been exiled to the southern British colonies.  The French caretaker government sent them to Cabahannocer on the Mississippi, above the German Coast.  During the late winter and spring of 1765, Jean-Baptiste's son Jean-Baptiste, fils, and two of his nephews, sons of older brother Pierre dit Palette of Chignecto, reached New Orleans from Halifax via Cap-Français with, or just after, the Broussards.  Jean-Baptiste, fils, the youngest of the three cousins, remained on the river with his parents, at least for a few years.  He married at Cabahannocer in c1768 and then followed his cousins to the western prairies, where he remarried.  Meanwhile, his first cousins, Joseph and Michel, settled in the Opelousas District. 

All three cousins created family lines on the southwestern prairies.  Cormier settlement patterns in Louisiana soon mirrored that of their Acadian ancestors before Le Grand Dérangement.  After Jean-Baptiste, père died at Cabahannocer in the late 1770s, no Acadian Cormier male remained on the Acadian Coast.  Even a relative of the Cormier cousins, who came to Louisiana from Haiti via Cuba in the early 1800s, moved to the prairies of St. Landry Parish, not to a settlement closer to New Orleans.  So the Cormiers concentrated in the prairie districts west of the Atchafalaya Basin much as they had done at Chignecto in old Acadia.  By the early 1800s, most of them (the majority descendants of Michel) could be found in a wide arc touching on three civil parishes, in over a half dozen communities--Grand Prairie, Anse La Butte, Beaubassin, and Carencro in what became Lafayette Parish; Grand Pointe in St. Martin Parish; and Grand Coteau, Prairie des Femmes, and Opelousas in St. Landry Parish.  Emulating their fellow Acadians, Cormiers moved westward and southward during the antebellum period deeper into the prairies and coastal marshes. 

Judging by the number of slaves they held during the late antebellum period, some members of the family lived comfortably on their farms and plantations on the western prairies.  Colin Amand, a great-grandson of Michel Cormier, owned 56 slaves on his St. Martin Parish plantation in 1850.  That same year, the widow of Michel Cormier, fils held 24 slaves in St. Martin Parish.  A decade later, Nicolas Cormier, fils, another great-grandson of Michel, owned 28 slaves in St. Martin Parish, while his distant cousin Pierre Cormier (the author's great-great grandfather) held 30 slaves on his plantation near Carencro in Lafayette Parish.  The great majority of the Cormiers who owned slaves, however, owned fewer than the 20 needed to qualify as planters, and most members of the family held no slaves at all, at least none who appear on the federal slave schedules of the late antebellum period. 

During the War of 1861-65, Federal armies marched three times through the Teche and upper Vermilion valleys, including the Bayou Carencro area, and burned and pillaged many farms and plantations, some of them no doubt owned by Cormiers.  Thanks to these Federal incursions, emancipation came early to the area, with its resulting economic and social turmoil.  Confederate foraging parties and cutthroat Jayhawkers also plagued the area where Cormiers lived, adding to the family's misery.  Dozens of Cormiers served Louisiana in uniform during the war.  Most of them served honorably and returned to their loved ones after the fall of the Southern Confederacy.  The war took the lives of at least three Acadian Cormiers, at Vicksburg, Gettysburg, and along the Teche. 

After the war, seeking new opportunities in a free-labor Southern economy, especially as part of the burgeoning Louisiana rice industry, Cormiers moved west from their traditional enclaves into the prairies of Evangeline, Acadia, Jefferson Davis, and Calcasieu parishes, especially around Church Point, Rayne, Lyons Point, Mermentau, Lake Arthur, and Jennings.  Some moved south into Iberia, Vermilion, and Cameron parishes, especially around Abbeville, Maurice, Kaplan, and Creole.  The oil and natural gas industry that sprang up in the region during the early twentieth century lured more Cormiers to the western prairies and across the Sabine into east Texas.  A few moved to the urban centers of Baton Rouge and New Orleans.  Later in the twentieth century, as a result of military service and job opportunities in a material economy that Cajuns inevitably embraced, Cormiers became part of a new Acadian diaspora and moved to every corner of the United States.  However, according to a recent study of Louisiana families with French and Spanish surnames, most Cormiers have remained where their immigrant ancestors settled, in St. Landry, St. Martin, and especially Lafayette Parish, the heart of Acadiana.09  

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Cormiers came to Louisiana as early as February 1764: 

Jean-Baptiste, père (1709-?) à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Jean-Baptiste, second son of Pierre Cormier and Catherine LeBlanc, born at Chignecto in c1709, married Madeleine, daughter of Martin Richard and Marguerite Bourg, at Beaubassin in August 1733.  According to Bona Arsenault, between 1734 and 1753, Madeleine gave Jean-Baptiste six children, a son and five daughters, at Chignecto.  In 1755, the British deported Jean-Baptiste, Madeleine, and their daughters to Georgia, where they remained until 1763.  The British counted them in South Carolina in August 1763, but they did not remain there either.  Jean-Baptiste, Madeleine, and their five daughters returned to Georgia.  With other related families--Landrys, Poiriers, and Richards--they left Savannah for Mobile, formerly a part of French Louisiana, in December 1763 and reached New Orleans the following February--the first Acadian families to venture to the Mississippi colony.  Their daughters married into the Lemire dit Mire, Poirier, Landry, Girouard, and Bourg families.  Two settled on the western prairies near their brother, but the others remained on the river. 

Only son Jean-Baptiste, fils, born at Chignecto in 1742, became separated from his family during exile and likely was raised by relatives.  He came to Louisiana with the Broussards in February 1765 and either followed them to Bayou Teche before returning to the river, or he remained with his parents at Cabahannocer on the way to Bayou Teche.  He was counted in Verret's Company of the Cabahannocer militia in April 1766 and married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bourg and Marie Landry, in c1768 probably at Cabahannocer.  In the late 1770s, perhaps after his wife died, he moved on to the Attakapas District, where he remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Blanchard and Élisabeth Thériot of Annapolis Royal and widow of Joseph dit Vieux Richard, in January 1779.  They settled on the upper Vermilion at Grand Prairie, today's downtown Lafayette.  As was his duty, Jean-Baptiste, fils served in the Attakapas militia.  In 1779, in his late 30s, he participated with his company in Governor Galvèz's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Meanwhile, he and his wives did well at Attakapas.  In 1781, he owned 56 animals on his four-arpent farm at Grand Prairie.  In 1785, he owned a single slave.  By the 1790s, he had accumulated a sizable holding of 350 acres at Grand Prairie as well as 560 acres on the prairie west of Bayou Nezpique in a thinly-settled quarter of the Opelousas District.  The church records of South Louisiana do not contain a burial record for Jean-Baptiste, fils, but he was recorded as deceased in the marriage record of son Jean-Baptiste III in May 1796.  He would have been age 54 that year.  His daughters, all by first wife Marguerite, married into the Mouton, Richard, and Savoie families.  Like his father, Jean-Baptiste, fils fathered only one son. 

Jean-Baptiste III, also called Jean-Baptiste dit Mano and Baptiste, by first wife Marguerite Bourg, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in November 1775, married Marie-Apolline, called Apolline, Polone, or Pauline, daughter of fellow Acadians Claude Martin and Marie Babin of Grand Pointe on the upper Teche, at Attakapas in May 1796.  (Claude was a trustee of the Attakapas church, now St. Martin of Tours in St. Martinville.)  Jean-Baptiste III and Pauline settled at Anse La Butte on the upper Vermilion and at Grand Prairie.  He died "at his home at La grand prairie" in July 1808.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste was age 30 when he died, but he was closer to 33.  His daughters married into the Breaux, Dugas, and Mouton families.  Two of his four sons married, but only one of them had sons of his own. 

Oldest son Jean-Narcisse, called Narcisse and Narcisse dit Mano, born in February 1797, married Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Basile Chiasson and Marie Thibodeaux, at the St. Martinville church in April 1818.  Narcisse died at his home on Grand Prairie in February 1821, age 24.  Narcisse was buried in the cemetery of the new church at Grand Prairie, L'Église St.-Jean du Vermilion, now the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist in Lafayette.  His was one of the first interments there.  His succession record was filed at Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in May 1825.  His daughter married into the Ferguy family.  He fathered no sons, so his line of the family, except for its blood, died with him. 

Jean-Baptiste III's second son Jean-Baptiste-Luc, born in August 1798, died at age 6 in August 1804.

Jean Baptiste III's third son Valéry or Valière, born in August 1800, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Hébert and Élisabeth Duhon, at the Vermilionville church in November 1825.  Their son Valéry, fils was baptized at the Vermilionville church at age 1 1/2 months in October 1826; Jean Baptiste at age 21 days in August 1831 but died at age 4 (the priest said 6) in August 1835; Joseph Alexandre, called Alexandre, was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1835 but died at age 7 in September 1843; Émile Thelesmar was born in September 1839; Louis Adolphe, called Adolphe, in May 1841; Philippe Theseus in December 1847; and Henry Arctave in August 1850.  Valéry and Marguerite's daughters married into the Bouchez, Janet, and Monnier families.  Only two of his seven sons married and settled in Lafayette and St. Landry parishes.  

Oldest son Valéry, fils married Martha Louisa or Louise, daughter of Anglo Americans John and Elizabeth Montgomery, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1860.  Their son Joseph Ernest was born near Opelousas in February 1863; and Louis Adolphe, called Adolphe, named after his war-hero uncle, was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1864 but died at age 1 in November 1865.  During the War of 1861-65, Valéry, fils served in two units--Company D of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Mary Parish, in which he probably was a conscript; and Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against area Jayhawkers.  

During the war, Valéry, père's fourth son Émile Thelesmar served as a lieutenant in Company C of the 6th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Émile Thelesmar survived the war but did not marry.  

Valéry, père's fifth son Louis Adolphe also served as an officer in Company C of the 6th Louisiana Infantry.  He rose, in fact, to the rank of captain and commanded the company, but, unlike his older brothers, Adolphe did not survive the war.  Mortally wounded in action at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 July 1863, he died the following day surrounded by his comrades and some local ladies, and was buried on the Widow Wibles's farm north of Gettysburg, near the "back of the barn" in which he died, age 22.  In 1872, his remains were retrieved along with those of hundreds of other Confederate dead in the Gettysburg area and re-interred at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.

Valéry, père's seventh and youngest brother Henry Arctave was too young to serve in the war.  He married Mary Fanny Monnier in June 1870.  Their son Valéry le jeune was born in 1878, and Henry Arthur in 1880.  

Jean-Baptiste III's fourth and youngest son Célestin, born in February 1805, evidently did not marry. 

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Two Cormier brothers came to Louisiana from Halifax via Cap-Français, French St.-Domingue, in the spring of 1765 and settled at Opelousas: 

Joseph (c1740-1795) à Pierre à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Joseph, fifth son of Pierre dit Palette Cormier and Cécile Thibodeau of Chignecto,  had come to Louisiana with a year-old daughter and a very pregnant wife--Marguerite, daughter of Jacques Sonnier and Anne Hébert of Petitcoudiac, who he had married in exile in c1759.  Marguerite gave birth to twins daughters Félicité and Susanne at Opelousas soon after their arrival.  Joseph remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Michel and Jeanne Brea, and widow of Michel Brun and Victor Comeau, at Attakapas in April 1771 but remained at Bellevue in the Opelousas District.  In March 1768, Joseph, along with brother Michel, was among the 11 signers of a petition addressed to Spanish Governor Ulloa requesting assistance in the form of oxen and plows to help them grow wheat in the district.  In April, the governor, now angry with all Acadians in the colony, rejected the petition.  Joseph became a cattleman instead.  In 1771, the year of his second marriage, he owned 15 head of cattle.  Three years later, in 1773, he owned 78 head of cattle, 15 horses and mules, and 15 pigs.  By 1777, he owned 150 head of cattle, 15 horses, and 20 pigs.  His fortunes increased dramatically in the 1780s.  In 1788, on his 30-arpent vacherie on Bellevue Prairie south of Opelousas Post and on land he owned along Bayou Plaquemine Brûlé near present-day Church Point, Joseph ran 697 head of cattle and 60 horses, one of the largest herds in the district.  He also owned four slaves.  The year before, he was among the prominent cattle ranchers of the Opelousas District who "renewed demands that stray cattle 'in the woods and prairies of Plaquemines Brulées' be destroyed by firearms, because a few cattle from their own pens tended to join the strays during each winter pasturage."  Meanwhile, in January 1774, Joseph was one of seven residents who urged Opelousas District commandant Gabriel Fuselier de la Claire to construct a church for the district, which was done in 1776.  As was his duty, Joseph served in the Opelousas company of militia.  In 1776, he was a fusileer, described on the militia roll as 5 feet, 3 inches tall, an inch shorter than brother Michel.  Three years later, in their late 30s, Joseph and Michel participated with their company in Governor Gálvez's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Joseph died at Opelousas in August 1795, age 55.  His daughters by first wife Marguerite married into the Babineaux, Granger, and Thibodeaux families.  His daugher by second wife Anne married into the Arceneaux family.  Joseph fathered two sons, both by second wife Anne.  Both sons created families of their own, but one of their lines, that of younger son Joseph, fils, died off early, and that of older son Anaclet also came close to dying out.  Anne Michel died probably near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in June 1818, age 85, and outlived both of her Cormier sons.  Joseph's descendants remained at the southeastern edge of the old Opelousas District:  around Grand Coteau and Arnaudville in St. Landry Parish, and at Carencro in Lafayette Parish.   

Older son Anaclet, born at Opelousas in March 1772, married Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Victor Richard and Marie Brasseur, at Opelousas in July 1793.  They settled in the southeastern section of what became St. Landry Parish, near Grand Coteau.  Anaclet died in St. Landry Parish in c1810; he was only 38 years old; his succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in January 1811.  Judging by the number of times he appeared in church records as a witness to a marriage or as godfather to a neighbor's child, Anaclet must have been a respected member of his community.  His daughters married into the Guilbeau, Melançon, and Patin families.  His two sons married and created families of their own. 

Older son Paul, also called Hippolyte, baptized at the Opelousas church, age unrecorded, in November 1800, married cousin Adélaïde Mathurin, 17-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Richard and Isabelle Cormier, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1820; Adélaïde's mother was a daughter of grandfather Joseph's first cousin, Jean Baptiste Cormier, fils.  Their son Valsin Hippolyte, called Hippolyte, fils, was baptized at age 1 at the Grand Coteau church in April 1823.  Hippolyte died near Grand Coteau  in November 1827, age 27.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in October 1829, so he must have owned property in both parishes.  Hippolyte, père's daughters married into the Broussard and Guidry families. 

Only son Hippolyte, fils married Marcellite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guidry and Marie Bernard, at the Grand Coteau church in November 1846; the Grand Coteau priest and the St. Landry Parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.  Their son Hippolyte III was born near Grand Coteau in April 1852.  Their daughter married into the Bergeron (French Creole, not Acadian) family.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 35 to 2--on Hippolyte Cormier's farm.  Hippolyte, fils died near Grand Coteau in September 1851, age 30.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in January 1855. 

Anaclet's younger son Élisée, baptized at Opelousas, age 8 months, in November 1804, married Marie Christine or Célestine, called Christine, daughter of William Johnson of Copenhagen, Denmark, and Thérèse Ritter, at the Grand Coteau church  in January 1822.  Élisée and Christine's son Zéphirin was born near Grand Coteau in February 1825; Élisée, fils in January 1829 but died at age 2 1/2 in September 1831; and Joseph Numa was born in February 1843.  Evidently Élisée's marriage to a non-Acadian began a marked trend towards exogamy in this family line:  Élisée and Christine's daughters married into the Badeaux, Burleigh, Lalonde, Lanclos, Patin, and Rivet families; only one family, the Rivets, was Acadian.  Élisée remarried to Marguerite Hedwige, daughter French Creoles Pierre Bergeron and Eulalie Saizan and widow of André J. Chautin, at the Grand Coteau church in August 1850; Élisée was age 46 and Marguerite Hedwige age 50 at the time of the wedding, so she gave him no more children.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 45 to 18--on Élisée Cormier's farm.  Élisée died near Grand Coteau in January 1879, age 75.  Only his oldest son seems to have created a family of his own, and he, too, continued the family's propensity to marry non-Acadians: 

Oldest son Zéphirin, by first wife Christine Johnson, married Marie Azéline, called Azéline, daughter of French Creoles Alexandre Lanclos and Azéline Bergeron, at the Opelousas church in October 1848.  Their son Similien was born near Grand Coteau in c1849 but died at age 4 in September 1853; and Anaclet le jeune was born in November 1850 but died at age 11 in September 1861.  Zéphirin remarried to Marguerite, also called Marie Edvine or Edvise, Chautin, widow of Placide Marks, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in October 1855, and remarried again--his third marriage--to Marie Sidonise, called Sidonise, Bergeron, a French Creole, not an Acadian, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in August 1859; they sanctified the marriage at the Arnaudville church, St. Landry Parish, in March 1888.  Their daughter married into the Dupuis family.  Despite his age--he was 36 when war broke out--Zéphirin served briefly in the Grivot Rangers Company Louisiana Partisan Cavalry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought in southeastern Louisiana. 

Joseph's younger son Joseph, fils, born at Opelousas in c1776, married fellow Acadian Marie Thibodeaux probably at Attakapas in the late 1780s or early 1790s, and remarried to Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guilbeau and his second wife Marguerite Bourg, at Attakapas in October 1794.  They settled near Carencro.  Joseph, fils died probably at his home near Carencro in August 1811, age 34.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse, St. Landry Parish, in February 1824.  Daughter Marguerite Carmesile was born posthumously two months after her father died, survived childhood, and married into the Robichaux family.  His only son did not marry.  This family line, then, except for its blood, was buried with Joseph, fils

Only son Placide, by first wife Marie Thibodeaux, born at Attakapas in April 1792 and baptized at age 2 in June 1794, probably died young. 

Michel (1741-1790) à Pierre à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Michel, sixth son of Pierre dit Palette Cormier and Cécile Thibodeau of Chignecto, was a 24-year-old bachelor when he came to the colony with his brother Joseph and sister-in-law Marguerite Saulnier.  Michel married Anne dite Nanette, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Saulnier and Anne Hébert of Petitcoudiac and widow of Basil Babin, at Opelousas in c1769; Nanette was sister-in-law Marguerite's sister.  Michel and Nanette settled at Prairie des Femmes south of the Opelousas post.  Michel remarried twice, first to Catherine, daughter of Johann George Stelly and Christine Edelmayer of St.-Charles des Allemands, at Opelousas in c1774, and then to Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Breaux and Claire Trahan and widow of Étienne Benoit, at Attakapas in February 1789.  Like brother Joseph, Michel remained in Opelousas.  In March 1768, Michel, along with his brother, was among the 11 signers of a petition addressed to Spanish Governor Ulloa requesting assistance in the form of oxen and plows to help them grow wheat in the district; in April, the governor, now angry with all Acadians in the colony, rejected the petition.  After the revolt against Ulloa, in which he and his Opelousas comrades probably did not participate, he signed with his mark an unconditional oath of allegiance to Spain in December 1769.  In the years that followed, he became a cattleman, not a wheat farmer.  In August 1771, Governor Unzaga granted him 253.04 arpents of land, to be occupied and cultivated, on Bayou Bourbeaux between present-day Leonville and Arnaudville, St. Landry Parish.  His house at Prairie des Femmes on Bayou Bourbeaux, "built prior to 1773 ... on ground level with 'poteaux-en-terre, ... had bousillage walls, and a dirt floor, and a gallery or porch surrounding the house."  In 1771, the year he received his land grant, Michel owned 28 head of cattle.  Three years later, he owned 20 head of cattle, six horses and mules, and 16 pigs.  In 1777, he owned 50 head of cattle, 16 horses, and 16 pigs.  His fortunes increased dramatically in the 1780s.  In 1788, on his vacherie at Prairie des Femmes, Michel owned a herd of 130 cattle and 15 horses.  He also owned seven slaves.  Meanwhile, as was his duty, he served in the Opelousas company of militia.  He was a fusileer in 1776, described on the militia roll as 5 feet, 4 inches tall, an inch taller than his brother Joseph.  In the summer of 1779, he and brother Joseph participated with their company in Governor Gálvez's attack against the British at Baton Rouge.  Michel died at his home at Prairie des Femmes in December 1790, age 49, without benefit of sacraments.  According to family tradition, he was buried in what became the old yellow fever cemetery at present-day Washington, St. Landry Parish.  His daughter, by second wife Catherine, married into the Royer and Sutter families.  He fathered five sons by his first two wives; he had no children by his third wife.  All five of his sons created families of their own.  Michel's descendants drifted south into what became Lafayette Parish, clustering around Carencro and Côte Gelée.  After the War of 1861-65, some of them moved even farther south, into Iberia, Vermilion, and Cameron parishes, or westward to the prairies of present-day Acadia Parish.  An eastern contingent of Michel's descendants settled on upper Bayou Teche in St. Martin Parish.  After the war, like their Lafayette cousins, some of them moved westward, to the Vermilion and Calcasieu prairies, far from their Bayou Teche birthplaces.  Most of the Cormiers of South Louisiana (the author included) are descended from Michel of Prairie des Femmes, his sons, and grandsons: 

Oldest son Amand, by first wife Nanette Sonnier, born at Opelousas in October 1770 and baptized by a Pointe Coupée priest at Opelousas in April 1771, married Marie-Angèlle, called Angèlle, daughter of fellow Acadians Étienne Benoit and Madeleine Breaux of Carencro, at Opelousas in October 1790.  Angèlle's mother was his father's third wife, so Amand married his stepsister.  They settled at Grande Pointe on upper Bayou Teche before moving west to Carencro.  Amand died probably at Carencro in c1795, age 25.  His son was tutored by Amand's brother Michel, fils of Grand Pointe until the boy came of age. 

Only son Raphaël, born on Bayou Teche in December 1782, married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Melançon and Rose Doiron, at the St. Martinville church in June 1811.  The settled at Grand Pointe. Their son Colin Amand was born in May 1812; Paulin in February 1814 but died at age 3 months the following May; Jean Valmont was born in May 1815 but died at age 5 in October 1820; Pierre Philogène was born in February 1818 but died at age 14 in September 1832; Joseph Théogène was born in March 1820 but died at age 4 in November 1824; Simeon Valsin, also called Pierre Valsin, died at age 6 months in July 1828; and Alfred was born in November 1832.  Raphaël's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in January 1844; he would have been 51 years old that year.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--two males and three females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 3--on the Widow Raphaël Cormier's farm; this was Carmelite Melançon.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted eight slaves--two males and six females, seven blacks and one mulatto, ages 60 to 1--on the Widow Raphaël Cormier's farm.   Raphaël's daughters married into the Castille and Melançon families.  Only two of his seven sons, his oldest and youngest, survived childhood or youth and created families of their own.  Raphaël's sons and grandsons invariably married fellow Acadians, but several of his granddaughters married non-Acadians. 

Oldest son Colin Amand married Euphémie, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Guilbeau and Céleste Poirier, at the St. Martinville church in August 1833.  Their son Joseph Philogène was born in St. Martin Parish in February 1835, Alexandre in May 1837, Paulin in April 1839, Aristide in September 1841, and Raphaël le jeune in August 1846.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 56 slaves--30 males and 26 females, all black except for three mulattoes, ranging in age from 75 to 1--on Colin Amand Cormier's plantation.  In the same year, the federal census taker in Calcasieu Parish counted two more slaves--both black and both female, ages 40 and 18--on Colin Cormier's farm, so he must have owned land in that parish, too.  Colin Amand died in St. Martin Parish in September 1855, age 43.  One wonders what happened to his many slaves after his death.  (One also wonders who was the Colin Cormier who died "in Park," today's The Parks, near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in March 1861, age 60.  The Plaquemine priest who recorded the burial did not give any parents' names or mention a wife.)  Colin Amand's daughter married into the Huval family.  At least three of Colin Amand's sons created families of their own. 

During the War of 1861-65, third son Paulin served in Company D of the Orleans Guard Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought at Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862.  Paulin married Marie Eusèide or Zoide, daughter of fellow Acadians Auguste Benoit and his second wife Marie Eusède Guidry, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in August 1865.  They settled near Lake Arthur, once called Little Lake, then in Calcasieu but now in Jefferson Davis Parish.  Their son Alexandre was born in April 1866; Léonie in January 1873; Paul Adonis, called Adonis, in January 1875; Joseph Artellus in April 1881; and Joseph Philoges in May 1885.  Paulin's daughter married into the Gary family.  

Colin Amand's fourth son Aristide married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Marin Blanchard and Annette Broussard, at the Breaux Bridge church in December 1863.  Their son Léonin was born near Breaux Bridge in January 1877.  Their daughters married into the Babineaux, Benoit, Dufton, and Huval families.  Aristide remarried to fellow Acadian Julie Broussard in a civil ceremony in Vermilion Parish in November 1889.  They settled in the northwest corner of Vermilion Parish near Lake Arthur.  Aristide's succession record was filed at the Abbeville courthouse in October 1893.  He would have been age 52 that year.  

Colin Amand's fifth and youngest son Raphaël le jeune may have married Thersile Benoit, probably a fellow Acadian, and settled near Abbeville by the late 1860s.

Raphaël's youngest son Alfred married Florentine or Laurentine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Babineaux and Céleste Richard, at the Vermilionville church in April 1853.  They settled near Breaux Bridge.  Their son Alfred Jean was born in c1858 but died at age 2  in August 1860; Robert was born in November 1861; Joseph Ducoudret in February 1867; Alfred, fils or Albert in April 1874; Clebert in February 1876; and Engelbert or Angelbert in c1877.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old black male--on Alfred Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Alfred was conscripted into Confederate service from St. Martin Parish but may not have served in a unit.  Long after the war, he remarried to fellow Acadian Cydalise Benoit at the Carencro church in November 1889; he was 57 years old at the time of the wedding.  He died near Carencro in April 1896.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Alfred was age 66 when he died, but he was 63. His daughters married into the Comeaux, Guilbeau, and Guidry families. 

Michel's second son Michel, fils, called Pierre-Michel, from first wife Nanette Sonnier, was born at Opelousas in September 1772 and baptized by a Pointe Coupée priest at Opelousas in May 1773.  Michel, fils married Ludivine, called Divine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Guilbeau and his first wife Anne Trahan, at Attakapas in January 1793.  Like older brother Amand, Michel, fils settled at Grande Pointe on the upper Teche.  Unlike his older brother Amand, Michel, fils remained there.  His and Ludivine's daughters married into the Allegre, Bertrand, Gauthier, and Ledoux families.  Ludivine died at Grande Pointe in January 1815, age 45, and Michel, fils remarried to Agnès, 32-year-old daughter of Canadian Jean-Baptiste Rodrigues of St. John the Baptist Parish and Marie Josèphe Baudoin and widow of Adam Webre, probably at Grande Pointe in c1816.  Agnès gave him another daughter but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Richard family.  Michel, fils was affluent enough to hire a live-in tutor for his children and his nieces and nephew; the tutor, Charles de Dernay Plassard of Brest, France, died at Michel's home at Grande Pointe in March 1817.  Michel, fils died probably at his home on Bayou Teche in August 1833.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded his burial called him Michel of Opelousas and said he was age 65 when he died, but he was 60.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse a few days after his death, so he must have owned property in Lafayette Parish as well as.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 24 slaves--11 males and 13 females, all black, ranging in age from 85 to infancy--on Widow Michel Cormier's plantation; this was Michel, fils's second wife, Agnès Rodrigues.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 20 slaves--six males and 14 females, all black, ages 78 to 2, living in six houses--on Widow M. Cormier's plantation.  Agnès died in St. Martin Parish in November 1871, age 94.   Four of Michel, fils's five surviving sons, all by first wife Ludivine, created families of their own.  A significant number of his grandchildren married non-Acadians, but most of them married fellow Acadians. 

Oldest son Michel Onésime, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe in March 1799, married Céleste or Silesie, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Dupuis and Rosalie Monique Thériot of St. James Parish but residents of Grande Pointe on the Teche, at the St. Martinville church in July 1816.  Their son Michel Treville, called Treville, was born at Grand Pointe in November 1818; Sosthène in October 1829 but died at age 5 (the priest at the St. Martinville church said 6 years and 3 months) in December 1834; and Césaire was born in August 1840.  Michel Onésime and Silesie may also have had a son named Sylvain.  Michel Onésime died at his home on upper Bayou Teche in November 1853.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Michel, fils, as he called him, died "at age 60 yrs.," but he was 54.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in December 1854.  His daughters married into the Babineaux, Barras, Boudreaux, Melançon, Préjean, Thériot, Thibodeaux, and Wiltz families. Two of his three surviving sons created families of their own. 

Oldest son Michel Treville married Marie Azéma, also called Zena, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Melançon and Marie Savoie, at the St. Martinville church in November 1838.  Their son Michel Ernest, called Ernest, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 7 months, in April 1840; and Camille Omer, called Omer, in c1850.  Michel Treville died in St. Martin Parish in December 1850, age 32.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the following January.  His daughters married into the Barras and Periou families. 

Older son Ernest married Marguerite Alzima or Alzina, daughter of French Creoles Clairville Lasseigne and Joséphine Allegre, at the St. Martinville church in June 1859.  Their son Gabriel was born in St. Martin Parish in November 1860 but may have died near Breaux Bridge at age 19 in October 1879; and Joseph Ernest, called Ernest, was born in February 1863.  Ernest, père's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in March 1864.  He would have been age 24 that year.  If his succession was post-mortem, one wonders if his death was war-related. 

Michel Onésime's son Sylvain died in St. Martin Parish in December 1855.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded the burial did not give any parents' names, mention a wife, or give Sylvain's age at the time of his death.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the following February. 

Michel Onésime's youngest son Césaire married Séverine, daughter of Spanish Creole Émile Castille and his Acadian wife Marie Adélaïde Thibodeaux, at the Breaux Bridge church in January 1861.  Their son Simon Sylvain or Sylvain Simon was born near Breaux Bridge in October 1862; Joseph Adela or Adélard, called Adélard and Joseph D., in April 1866; Crejin or Crepin was baptized at the Breaux Bridge church, age unrecorded, in December 1869; and Émile le jeune, also called Émile C., was born in November 1877.  During the War of 1861-65, Césaire served in Company A of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  His daughters married into the Landry and Thibodeaux families. 

Michel, fils's second Louis le jeune, born at Grande Pointe in October 1800, died at age 1 in February 1801.

Michel, fils's third son Joseph Deterville, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, a twin, born at Grande Pointe in December 1801, married Aimée Scholastique, called Scholastique, daughter of German Creole Adam Webre and Canadian Creole Agnès Rodrigues of St. John the Baptist Parish, at the St. Martinville church in December 1822, so Joseph Deterville married his stepsister.  Their son Joseph Émile, called Émile, was born in St. Martin Parish in January 1824.  Joseph Deterville died at Grande Pointe in August 1827, age 26.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in January 1829.  His daughter married into the Guilbeau family. 

Only son Émile married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Sylvestre Broussard and Marie Aspasie Babineaux, at the St. Martinville church in February 1843.  Their son Joseph Arthur, called Arthur, was born in St. Martin Parish in September 1847, and Sylvain Numa, called Numa, in July 1851.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted four slaves--an 18-year-old male and three 16-year-old females, all black--on Émile Cormier's farm.  Émile remarried to Léontine, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Babin and Marie Therzile Thibodeaux, at the St. Martinville church in February 1857.  Their daughters married into the Babin and Hébert families.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 13 slaves--seven males and six females, all black, ages ranging from 60 to 2, living in three houses--on Émile Cormier's farm.  Émile, at age 44, remarried again--his third marriage--to cousin Alzire, daughter of Joseph Allegre and his Acadian wife Marguerite Denise Cormier, at the St. Martinville church in October 1868.  Alzire gave him more children but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Thibodeaux family.  

Michel, fils's fourth son Hervillien Amand, also called Amand le jeune, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, Joseph Deterville's twin, born at Grande Pointe in December 1801, married Marie Cephalie, Cephalide, or Cophalite, daughter of Furcy Hollier and Juliette Collins, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1835.  Their son Amand, fils was born in St. Martin Parish  in March 1836; Joseph Cleopha, called Cleopha, in September 1837; Rosémond in September 1841; and Louis Homere in August 1845.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted five slaves--two males and three females, three blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 38 to 3--on Amand Cormier's farm.  Amand le jeune, called Hervilien by the priest who recorded his burial, died near Breaux Bridge in October 1879.  The priest who recorded his burial said that "Hervilien" was age 79 when he died, but he would have been 77.  His daughters married into the Broussard, Lasseigne, and Periaux families.

Amand le jeune's second son Cleopha married Palestine, 18-year-old daughter of French Creoles Alexandre Beslin and Delphine Leleux, at the St. Martinville church in April 1857.  Palestine died in St. Martin Parish in July 1859; she was only 20 years old.  During the War of 1861-65, Cleopha served in Company A of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana, and in Company A of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Infantry, into which the Yellow Jackets were incorporated in late 1863.  Cleopha died in St. Martin Parish in May 1869.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Cleopha died "at age 32 yrs.," but he was 31.  He evidently had not remarried, so his line of the family died with him.  

Amand le jeune's third son Rosémond , during the War of 1861-65, served in the same units as his older brother Cleopha.  After the war, Rosémond married Marie Félicie, called Félicie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Théodore Babineaux and Azélie Melançon, at the St. Martinville church in January 1866.  They settled near Breaux Bridge.  Their son Léon or Léonce was born in December 1868, and Cleopha le jeune in September 1871.  Rosémond's daughters married into the Benoit and Guidry families. 

Michel, fils's fifth son Nicolas, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe, in September 1804, married Osite Delphine, called Delphine and also Josephine, daughter of fellow Acadians David Babineaux and Osite Melançon, at the St. Martinville church in February 1828.  Their son Nicolas, fils was born in St. Martin Parish in April 1829, and Joseph Declemir in December 1832.  Nicolas remarried to Marie Ozea, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Boudreaux and Félice Broussard, at the St. Martinville church in November 1838.  Their son Jules was born in St. Martin Parish in August 1840.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 11 slaves--eight males and three females, all black, ages 14 to 8--on Nicolas Cormier's farm.  Nicolas, père died in St. Martin Parish by October 1855, when his succession record was filed at St. Martinville courthouse.  He would have been age 51 that year. 

Oldest son Nicolas, fils, by first wife Delphine Babineaux, married first cousin Émilie, daughter of French Creole Antoine Auguste Ledoux and his Acadian wife Ludivine Cormier, Nicolas, fils's paternal aunt, at the St. Martinville church in September 1852.  Their son Nicolas Adolphe, called Adolphe, was born near St. Martinville in July 1853, and Anatole in June 1855.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted 28 slaves--11 males and 17 females, 24 blacks and four mulattoes, ages 60 to 5, living in 16 houses--on Nicholas Cormier's plantation; this was Nicolas, fils.  During the War of 1861-65, Nicolas, fils, a captain, commanded Company C of the Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Martin Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  He died probably at his home in St. Martin Parish in December 1863, age 34, perhaps from wounds suffered in Confederate service.  His succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in October 1864.  His daughter married into the Olivier family.

Nicolas, père's second son Joseph Declemir, by first wife Delphine Babineaux, married Clara, daughter of Foreign Frenchman Laurent Tertron of Nantes and his French Creole wife Louise dite Louisianaise Beauvais of Pointe Coupee and Bayou Tortue, at the St. Martinville church in December 1852.  Joseph Declemir died in St. Martin Parish in October 1855, age 23.  One wonders if he fathered any children. 

Nicolas, père's youngest son Jules, by second wife Marie Ozea Boudreaux, likely married fellow Acadian Marie Louise Arceneaux.  Their son Joseph Adam was born near Vermilionville in November 1870. 

Michel, fils's sixth and youngest son Éloi, by first wife Ludivine Guilbeau, born at Grande Pointe in September 1810, died at at the home of Alphonse Oubre at St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in October 1839, but he was buried at Convent in nearby St. James Parish. age 30.  He probably did not marry.  Was Éloi working for Oubre at the time of his death?  

Michel, père's third son Pierre, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was born at Opelousas in September 1776, so he was often called "Pierre of Opelousas."  He married Marianne, 18-year-old daughter of German Creoles Jacob Miller and Anne-Marie Theigen of Alsace and Maryland, at Opelousas in August 1795.  Pierre and Marianne settled at Carencro, near the bayou of that name, at the northwestern edge of the Attakapas District.  Marianne died near Carencro in August 1796 probably from complications of childbirth; she was only 19 years old at the time of her passing.  Pierre remarried to Rosalie, 16-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Dugas and Geneviève Robichaux of nearby Anse La Butte, at Attakapas in January 1798.  They also settled near Carencro.  Pierre, père died at Plaquemine Point, St. Landry Parish, in June 1847 and was buried at nearby Grand Coteau, age 71.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse that month.  His widow Rosalie died at Carencro in March 1859.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded her burial said that she died "at age 80," but she was 77.  Her succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse a week after her death.  Pierre's daughters married into the Courseau, Fontenot, Gautreaux, Guilbeau, Janis, LeBlanc, and Thibodeaux families.  All four of his sons created families of their own.  Their oldest son's line was especially prolific. 

Oldest son Pierre, fils, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in March 1799, married, at age 19, Céleste, 25-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Dominique Babineaux and Marguerite Thibodeaux of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church in May 1818.  They settled at Carencro.  Their son Ursin was born in February 1819; Lucien in October 1822; Pierre Rosémond, called Rosémond, in February 1824; Bélisaire in July 1830; Joachim was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 3 months, in May 1832; Lasty at age 4 months in March 1834; and Camille or Clémile at age 5 months in May 1838.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted 16 slaves--10 males and six females, all black, ranging in age from 40 to 4--on Pierre Cormier, fils's farm in the parish's western district.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted 30 slaves--15 males and 15 females, 21 blacks and 9 mulattoes, ages 59 years to 5 1/2 months, living in five houses--on Pierre Cormier's plantation at Carencro.  Céleste died at Carencro in August 1869.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded her burial, and who did not to give any parents' names, said that Céleste died "at age 75 yrs.," but she was 76.  Pierre, fils died at Carencro in December 1871.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre was age 75 when he died, but he was 72.  In his will, Pierre, fils donated land for a church and cemetery at Carencro with the stipulation that the name of the church be St. Pierre.  The land he gave, however, was exchanged for another piece of property closer to the center of the village, where St. Peter church was established in 1874.  For a time, in fact, the village of Carencro was called St. Pierre after the church.   His daughters married into the Babineaux, Brasseaux, and Simoneaux families. 

Oldest son Ursin married Marie Alexandrine, called Alexandrine, 16-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Murphy Broussard and his first wife Marie Adélaïde Prejean, at the Grand Coteau church in April 1845.  Their son Onésime Numa, called Numa, was born near Grand Coteau in February 1848; Jean Murphy, called Murphy, in December 1849; Thelesmar in December 1851; Pierre Neuville, called Neuville, in February 1858; Ursin, fils in June 1860 but died age 5 in December 1865; and Joseph Clémile, called Clémile le jeune, was born in April 1865 but died at age 8 in January 1874.  In June of 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted three slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 9, 20, and 4--on Ursin Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Ursin served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought local Jayhawkers.  Ursin died near Carencro in April 1895, age 76.  His succession record was filed at the Lafayette courthouse the following August.  His daughters married into the Brasseaux and Prejean families.  At least two of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Onésime Numa married Alexandrine, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Guilbeau, fils and Françoise Savoie, at the Grand Coteau church in February 1870.  Their son Alexandre lwas born near Grand Coteau in April 1871, and Joseph Ernest in March 1878.  Onésime Numa's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in January 1881.  He would have been age 32 at the time.  

Ursin's second son Jean Murphy, at age 16, married cousin Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Aurelien Brasseaux and Aurelia Cormier, at the Vermilionville church in June 1866.  Jean Murphy died probably at Carencro in July 1867.  The Grand Coteau priest who recorded his burial, and who did not give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Morphy, as he called him, died "at age 19 yrs.," but he would have been 17.  His succession record, calling him Jean Morphi, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in July 1868.  Did he father any children?

Pierre, fils's second son Lucien married cousin Céleste or Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Joson Babineaux and Céleste Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1840 (Lucien's mother and wife shared the same first and last names!)  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Jean Baptiste was born in June 1845 (but, strangely, his baptism was recorded in the Grand Coteau parish's "Black Bk."); Joseph was born in December 1846; Joseph Adolphe in April 1848; Pierre le jeune "in Calcasieu" but his birth was recorded at the Grand Coteau church in November 1850 or 1851; Julien was born in May 1853; Louis Alcide, called Alcide, in February 1855; Placide in November 1856; and Lucien, fils in September 1860.  Lucien, père died near Carencro in February 1892, age 69.  His daughters married into the Babineaux, Benoit, Brasseaux, and Hoffpauir families.  At least three of his sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Jean Baptiste married Clara or Claire, another daughter of Edmond Roger and Urasie Prejean, at the Vermilionville church in February 1868.  Their son Edmond Lasty, called Lasty, was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1869.  Their daughter married into the Arabie family.  Jean Baptiste remarried to Célestine, daughter of French Creole Don Louis Carriere and widow of Marcel Arabie, at the Carencro church in May 1883. 

Lucien's second son Joseph married Marguerite Aspasie, daughter of French Canadian Edmond Roger and his Acadian wife Urasie Prejean, at the Vermilionville church in November 1866.  Joseph died in October 1870, age 25.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in November.  One wonders if he father any sons. 

Lucien's fourth son Pierre le jeune may have married French Creole Celima Lebleu.  They settled probably near Youngsville, Lafayette Parish.  Their son Martin was born in December 1868.  

Pierre, fils's third son Rosémond married cousin Cidalise, daughter of fellow Acadians Arvillien LeBlanc and Julienne Babineaux, at the Vermilionville church in May 1851.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Émile, called Émelite, was born in December 1852; Telesphore in September 1855 but died at age 3 months the following January; Adam was born in January 1859 but died at age 1 1/2 in August 1860; Alcide was born in February 1862; Joseph Lasty, called Lasty (named after his uncle who had just died in the trenches at Vicksburg) in August 1863; Aurelien le jeune, also called Augustin and Adrien, in October 1865; Arvillien in January 1868; Erestil, probably Aristide, in August 1870; Hippolyte in May 1873; and Arcade in October 1878.  Rosémond died near Carencro in January 1887.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Rosémond was age 64 when he died, but he was 62.  His daughter married a Dugas cousin. 

Pierre, fils's fourth son Bélisaire married cousin Aurelia, daughter of fellow Acadians Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church in January 1857.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Joachim le jeune was born in July 1860; Anatole in May 1867; Ambroise in July 1874 but died at age 11 in November 1885; Jean Jacques was born in December 1877; and Romain in March 1881.  During the War of 1861-65, Bélisaire served probably as a conscript in Company D of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His three younger brothers, Joachim, Lasty, and Clémile, served as volunteers in another company of that regiment.  Bélisaire's daughters married into the Babineaux, Leger, and Prejean families.

During the War of 1861-65, Pierre, fils's fifth son Joachim served with his younger brothers Lasty and Clémile in Company A of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, the Lafayette Prairie Boys, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  After the war, Joachim married Marie Euphémie, called Euphémie, daughter of Simonet Simoneaux and his first wife Acadian Azélie LeBlanc, at the Vermilionville church in August 1865; Euphémie's stepmother was Mélanie Cormier, Joachim's sister.  Joachim and Euphémie settled at Carencro.  Their son Honoré was born in July 1871.  Their daughters married into the Guilbeau and Richard families.  Soon after the death of his wife in the early 1880s, Joachim took up with Azélie, called Azèle, daughter of French Canadian Jean Baptiste Lantier and French Creole Christine Olivier of Grand Coteau.  Joachim and Azèle did not marry; Azèle had borne children by Jean Broussard in the 1870s but had not married him either.  Joachim and Azèle's son Honoré Lesseus, called Lesseus or Seaux, a deaf-mute, was born near Carencro in July 1884; and Léonce (the author's paternal grandfather) in April 1889.  Joachim died of tuberculosis at Carencro in October 1899, age 68. 

During the War of 1861-65, Pierre, fils's sixth son Lasty served in the same company as his older brother Joachim and younger brother Clémile.  Unlike his brothers, however, Lasty did not survive the war.  He was mortally wounded during the Siege of Vicksburg in June 1863 and buried at Soldier's Rest in the city's Cedar Hill Cemetery, age 29. 

Pierre, fils's seventh and youngest son Clémile served in the same company as his older brothers Joachim and Lasty.  After the war, Clémile married cousin Alice, also called Caliste, another daughter of Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1866.  They settled at Carencro.  Their son Onésiphore was born in January 1867, Horace in December 1868, Esdras in September 1870, Joseph Saul in September 1872, Philibert in April 1874, Maurice in September 1877, Henry in September 1879, Moïse in September 1881, and Peter Théophile in November 1883.  

Pierre of Opelousas's second son Maximilien, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in September 1807, married Marie Mélanie, called Mélanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Augustin Broussard and Anne Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in April 1828.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Maximilien, fils, also called Onésime, was born in November 1829; Narcisse in December 1831; Rémi in late 1834 but died at age 8 months in July 1835, and a child, named unrecorded, was born in April 1849 but died at age 4 months the following August.  The birth of Maximilien and Mélanie's final child must have proved fatal to the mother as well as the child.  Her succession record, probably post-mortem, was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in July 1849.  Their daughters married into the Derosier, Richard, and Thibodeaux families.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted four slaves--two males and two females, ages 38 to 2--on Maximilien Cormier's farm.  Maximilien, at age 44, remarried to Alexandrine or Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Louis Richard and his first cousin Eugènie Richard and widow of James Baugh, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1852, and sanctified the marriage at the Grand Coteau church in April 1853.  They settled near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish.  Their daughters married into the Janis, Matte, and Thibodeaux families.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted a single slave--a 36-year-old black male--on Maximilien Cormier's farm.  At age 58, Maximilien remarried again--his third marriage--to Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Doucet and Carmelite Richard and widow of Césaire Caruthers, at the Church Point church in April 1866.  Their son Pierre le jeune was born near Church Point in April 1870.  

Oldest son Maximilien, fils, by first wife Mélanie Broussard, married Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Boudreaux and Marie Émelie Savoie, at the Grand Coteau church in September 1851.  Their son Léonal or Léoval was born near Church Point in December 1860, and François near Grand Coteau in February 1862 but died near Church Point at age 3 months the following May.  Maximilien, fils's daughters married into the Cormier and Mendoza families.  

Maximilien, père's second son Narcisse, by first wife Mélanie Broussard, married Marie Mélanie or Mélasie, daughter of French Creoles Jérôme Janis and Marie Bellard, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1851.  They settled near Church Point.  Their son Narcisse, fils was born in October 1852, Pierre le jeune in December 1856, Jérôme in March 1859, Arvillien in March 1872, Louis in August 1874, and another Pierre in October 1878.  They also had a son named Maxilien or Maximilien le jeune.  During the War of 1861-65, Narcisse served in Company K of the 29th (Thomas's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His daughters married into the Allemand, Daigle, Leger, Matte, Meche, and Spears families.  One of his sons married by 1870.

Oldest son Narcisse, fils married Marie Émilie or Amelie, daughter of Louis Lejeune, probably a fellow Acadian, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1870, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church in January 1872.  Their son Joseph was born near Church Point in January 1878, Cleopha in April 1884, Jérôme in April 1888, and Jean in June 1891.  Narcisse, fils's daughter married into the Miller family.  

Pierre of Opelousas's third son Amand le jeune, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in October 1809, married Eurasie, 16-year-old daughter of Anglo American William Wood or Woods and his Acadian wife Marguerite Brasseaux, at the Opelousas church in July 1832.  Their son Aurelien was born near Opelousas in April 1833, and Treville in March 1838.  Amand le jeune's succession record, calling him Amanoo, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in June 1878.  He would have been age 68 that year. 

Older son Aurelien married Marianne, daughter of French Creoles Augustin Frugé and Eléonore Lasage, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1851.  They settled at Pointe Émile Mouton in present-day Acadia Parish.  Their son Aurelien, fils, was born in December 1852; Tainville or Stanville in June 1857; Auguste in January 1860; Edval Joseph or Joseph Edval in October 1862; Aristide or Aurestile in August 1865; and Théodore, also called Théodose, in September 1868.  Aurelien and Eurasie's daughters married into the Matte and Richard families.  Aurelien remarried to Marie Celina, called Celina, Racca in a civil ceremony probably in St. Landry Parish, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church in June 1871.  Their son Clairville was born near Youngsville, Lafayette Parish, in September 1873; and Joseph near Vermilionville in April 1875.  Aurelien, père died in Acadia Parish by May 1892.  When his succession record was filed at the Crowley courthouse; he would have been age 59. 

Pierre of Opelousas's fourth and youngest son Symphorien, by second wife Rosalie Dugas, born at Carencro in August 1816, married Célesie, 25-year-old daughter of French Creole Noël Vasseur and his Acadian wife Angélique Richard and widow of Thomas Bacon, at the Opelousas church in April 1837.  Their son Symphorien, fils was born near Opelousas in June 1840; Louis Alfred near Grand Coteau in February 1843; and Pierre Mauléon in October 1849.  Symphorien died near Church Point in November 1884.  The priest who recorded his burial said that "Sifroyen" was age 73 when he died, but he was 68.  His daughters married into the Clark, Sonnier, and Vasseur families. 

Oldest son Symphorien, fils married Céleste, daughter of James Desales or Desaulles and Eleonore Bergeron, a French Creole, not an Acadian, at the Grand Coteau church in April 1868.  They settled near Church Point and at Plaisance in St. Landry Parish.  Their son Thomas Gabriel, called Gabriel, was born in September 1871; Jacques or Jacob in February 1876; Willy or William in November 1878; Lucien in October 1881; James in May 1884; and Léonard in July 1886.  Symphorien, fils died near Church Point in June 1894.  The priest who recorded his burial said he was age 58 when he died, but he was only 54. 

Daughter Angélique, born near Grand Coteau in September 1845, gave birth to son Symphorien le jeune (named after her father and brother) near Church Point in June 1864.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name.   

Michel, père's fourth son Louis, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in June 1779.  Louis married Thècla, daughter of French Creole Michel Meaux from the Saintogne region of France and his Acadian wife Élizabeth Broussard, at Attakapas in October 1799.  Louis and Thècla settled on the upper Vermilion north of present-day Lafayette probably in an area the Acadians called Beaubassin.  They also may have lived for a time at La Pointe, on the upper Teche near Breaux Bridge.   Thècla died in the early 1820s.  Her succession record, filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in June 1823, noted that Louis "is not in a situation to have the tutorship of his minor children due to his being in a habitual state of deafness for the last 5 or 6 years."  Thècla's brother, Athanas Meaux, offered to be the tutor of his sister's minor children, sons Alexandre and Lesime, ages 14 and 12, and daughter Melite, age 8.  Louis and Thècla's daughter married into the Duhon family.  Deafness did not prevent Louis from remarrying to Marie, daughter of Antoine Ledoux and his Acadian wife Marguerite Gaudet of St. James Parish and widow of Joseph Melançon, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1823; Marie's brother, Antoine Auguste Ledoux, had married Louis's niece, Ludivine, daughter of his half-brother Michel, fils, only three months earlier.  Louis and Marie's daughter married into the LeBlanc family.  Louis died at his home along the upper Vermilion in June 1843.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Louis was age 60 when he died, but he was at least 64.  Five of his eight sons, three by first wife Thécla and two by second wife Marie, created families of their own.

Oldest son Célestin, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in October 1804, married first cousin Marguerite, 18-year-old daughter of Augustin Royer of Illinois and his Acadian wife Victoire Cormier, at the Grand Coteau church in May 1822; Marguerite's mother was Célestin's paternal aunt.  Their son Alexandre le jeune was baptized at age 14 days at the Vermilionville church in September 1825 but died the day after his baptism; Auguste or Augustin was baptized at age 4 months in April 1831; and Onésime, or Osémé, le jeune was baptized at age 7 1/2 months in April 1833.  In November 1835, Célestin bought 40.17 acres of land in Lafayette Parish from the federal government.  He "signed" the land deed with an X, so he probably was illiterate.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted eight slaves--two males and six females, all blacks, ranging in age from 65 to 2--on Célestin Cormier's farm.  His daughter married into the Plaisance family.  Only one of his three sons married. 

Second son Augustin died in Lafayette Parish in April 1853, age 22.  He probably did not marry.  

Célestin's third and youngest son Onésime le jeune married Eurasie, daughter of Louis Clément and Marie Anne Stelly, at the Grand Coteau church in June 1851.  Their son Euphémon, also called Eupremont, Fernand, and Fremont, had been born near Grand Coteau the previous March, so they may have been married civilly.  Onésime le jeune died near Grand Coteau in May 1887, age 55. 

Only son Euphémon likely married fellow Acadian Aurelia or Aurelie Trahan in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in March 1870.  Their son Joseph was born near Rayne, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in December 1879.  Euphémon remarried to Mélasie Beard, also called Melissa Hébert, in a civil ceremony in Acadia Parish in February 1889.  Their son Théogène was born in March 1894 and baptized at the Rayne church in May; and Jacob was born near Roberts Cove, Acadia Parish, in November 1898. 

Louis's second son Alexandre, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in June 1809, married cousin Susanne, daughter of Charles Alexandre Ledoux and his Acadian wife Susanne Cormier, at the Vermilionville church in January 1829; Susanne's mother was another daughter of Michel Cormier, fils.  Alexandre and Susanne's son Alexandre, fils was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1829; Césaire in St. Martin Parish in May 1834; and Louis Césaire in May 1839.  Alexandre's daughters married into the Mire and Sonnier families.  In September of 1860, the federal census taker in Calcasieu Parish counted eight slaves--four males and four females, all mulattoes, age 35 years to 6 months--on Alexandre Cormier's farm, so he probably had moved west of Bayou Nezpique or owned land there during the 1850s.  Alexandre remarried to Marie Élisabeth, called Élisabeth, daughter of fellow Acadian Prosper Villejoin and his Creole wife Clementin LaFosse and widow of Ignace Caruthers, at the Grand Coteau church in October 1876.  Their son Fernest was born near Rayne, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in December 1878 when his father was age 69.  Alexandre died in Acadia Parish by January 1891, when his succession record was filed at the Crowley courthouse.  He would have been age 81 that year.  The following April, another record filed in the Crowley courthouse provided for the tutorship of Alexandre's youngest son Fernest, who was only age 12. 

Louis's third son Onésime, also called Lésime and Louis, fils, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in September 1811, married Marguerite, also called Arthémise and Mary, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Melançon and his Creole wife Marie Ledoux, at the Vermilionville church in August 1831; Marie Ledoux was his father's second wife, so Onésime married his stepmother's daughter.  Onésime and Marguerite's son Onésime, fils or Osémé was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 7 weeks, in October 1832; Joseph at age 15 months in November 1838; and Adam was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1842 but died two months later.  A child, name unrecorded, died at age 2 months in October 1847; the Vermilionville priest who recorded the child's burial called the father "Onézime of Queue Tortue," so Onésime probably had moved to that bayou, which runs through the prairies west of Vermilionville, now the city of Lafayette.  Son Jean Baptiste Adam was born there in September 1852; Placide Antoine, called Antoine, in July 1856; and Jacques in December 1863.  Onésime, père, whom the Vermilionville priest recording his burial called Marcellin, died in Lafayette Parish in January 1879, age 68. 

Oldest son Onésime, fils married Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Babineaux and his Anglo-American wife Hortense Perry, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in August 1850.  Their son Pierre was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1856.  They also had a son named Osémé.  

Louis's fourth son Jean Baptiste, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in February 1814, died at age 8 in October 1822. 

Louis's fifth son Michel le jeune, by first wife Thècla Meaux, born on the upper Vermilion in May 1819, died at age 2 in October 1822.

Louis's sixth son, by second wife Marie Ledoux, the boy's name unrecorded, died within hours of his birth at their home on the upper Vermilion in October 1825.  

Louis's seventh son Joseph, by second wife Marie Ledoux, a twin, born on the upper Vermilion in November 1826, married Marie Mélanie or Mélasie, daughter of French Canadian Auguste Royer and his Acadian wife Caroline Bourque, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in July 1849.  They settled near Carencro before moving to the Church Point area.  Their son Louis le jeune was born in August 1852; Joseph, fils in December 1855; Aurelien in January 1859; Jean Lasty in July 1861; another Joseph, fils in December 1866; and Luma, probably Numa, in December 1869.  They also had a son named Auguste.  Their daughters married into the Caruthers and Lantier families.  By the early 1870s, Joseph had moved his family to the Rayne area.  He died near Rayne in March 1893.  The priest who recorded his burial said Joseph was age 69 when he died, but he was 66. 

Louis's eighth and youngest son Don or Jean Louis, called Louis, fils, by second wife Marie Ledoux, born on the upper Vermilion in c1831, married Élisabeth Lock, Rauche, Roche, Rodge, Ross, or Rotche in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in 1855, and sanctified the marriage at the Grand Coteau church in February 1858.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Joseph Octave, called Octave, was born in October 1857; Don Louis, fils in March 1859; William in December 1863; Célestin le jeune in July 1869; Joseph Atherol in May 1872; and Adrien in May 1874.  His daughters married into the Lavergne, LeBoeuf, and Soileau families.  

Michel, père's fifth and youngest son François, by second wife Catherine Stelly, was baptized at Opelousas at age 8 1/2 months in August 1783.  François followed his older brother Louis to the upper Vermilion and married Scholastique, called Colastie, daughter of fellow Acadians Simon dit Agros LeBlanc and Anne dit Manon Hébert, at Attakapas in December 1806.  François and Scholastique remained on the upper Vermilion.   Francois died at his home along the upper Vermilion in February 1835, age 53. His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following April.  His daughter married into the Duhon family.  All four of his sons created families of their own.

Oldest son François, fils, born on the upper Vermilion in December 1812, married married Émilie, also called Émilite, Melite, Carmelite, and Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Benjamin Broussard and Madeleine Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in August 1830.  Their son Benjamin was born near Vermilionville in September 1833, François Dolzé in February 1837, and Jean Bénoni, called Bénoni or Béloni, in March 1841.  François, fils and Émilie's daughters married into the Broussard, Hébert, and Trahan families.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted two slaves--both females, both black, ages 50 and 11--on François Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  François, fils, at age 40, remarried to Eugènie Simon in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in January 1855.  She gave him more children but no more sons.  Their daughter married into the Duhon family.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted the same two black female slaves on Francois Cormier's farm that had been counted in 1850.  

Oldest son Benjamin, by first wife Émilie Broussard, married Marie Belzire, called Belzire, daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Denis Trahan and Marguerite Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in April 1860.  During the War of 1861-65, Benjamin may have served as a conscript in Company I of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  His daughters married into the LeBlanc and Morvant families. 

During the War of 1861-65, François, fils's third and youngest son Jean Bénoni served in Company E of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Jean Bénoni married Louise, daughter of Hilaire Simon and his Acadian wife Aspasie Hébert, at the Vermilionville church in January 1867.  Jean Bénonie may have been the Jean Cormier whose succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in August 1872.  He would have been age 31 that year.  

François, père's second son Pierre le jeune, born on the upper Vermilion in March 1815, married Marie Sidalise, called Sidalise, daughter of Louis Simon and his Acadian wife Marie Louise Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in June 1834.  Their son Siméon or Simon Duplessis was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in April 1838.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted three slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 23, 15, and 15--on Pierre Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Pierre le jeune, along with younger brother Onésime, served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against area Jayhawkers.  Pierre le jeune died in Lafayette Parish in December 1876, age 61.  His daughter married into the Duhon family.

Only son Siméon Duplessis married first cousin Azelima, Azelime, or Azelina, also called Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Maxille Cormier and Azélie Léger, his uncle and aunt, at the Vermilionville church in April 1855.  Their son Jules was born in Lafayette Parish in March 1857; Siméon Duplessis, fils in December 1858; Dolzin in April 1860; and François Adam in September 1866.  They also had a son named Ludovic.  Their daughter married into the Simon family.  Siméon Duplessis remarried to fellow Acadian Octavie Guillot at the Vermilionville church in December 1877.  Their son Ernest had been born in Lafayette Parish two months before the marriage, so they probably had married civilly; and Pierre was born in November 1882.  Siméon Duplessis and Octavie's daughters married into the Trahan family. 

François, père's third son Maximilien, called Maxile, born on the upper Vermilion in August 1817, married Azélie, also called Zélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Julien Léger and Marie Duhon, at the Vermilionville church in July 1836.  Their son Neuville was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1837, Joseph in October 1842, Vital in 1846, and Oculi in March 1852.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted seven slaves--four males and three females, all black, ranging in age from 30 to 3--on Maxile Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  Maxille must have owned land in St. Martin Parish as well; in November, the federal census taker in St. Martin counted 20 slaves--11 males and nine females, all black, ages 40 to 3--on his plantation in that parish.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted only three slaves--two males and a female, all black, ages 14, 11, and 50--on Maxile Cormier's farm.  Maxille died in Lafayette Parish in August 1877.  The priest who recorded his burial said Maxille was age 58 when he died, but he was 60.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following January.  His daughters married into the Cormier, Hanks, and Manceau families.  At least three of his four sons married by 1870. 

Oldest son Neuville married Marguerite Azéma, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Hébert and Marie Carmezile Landry, at the Vermilionville church in July 1855.  They settled probably near Youngsville.  Their son Olise was born in December 1857; Joseph in December 1859; Léoscar, also called Joseph, in December 1866; Augustin in August 1873; and Cleopha in October 1875.  Neuville's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in September 1878.  He would have been age 41 that year; the succession was not post-mortem.  Neuville, at age 43, remarried to French Creole Eulalie Gaspard in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in November 1880.  Their son Maxille le jeune was born in Lafayette Parish in September 1881; and Neuville, fils near Rayne, Acadia Parish, in October 1895. 

Maxille's second son Joseph married Mélanie, daughter of Ralph R. Hanks and Arthémise Abshire, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in February 1867.  They settled near Rayne.  Their son Joseph, fils was born in August 1874; Zelmire in August 1876; Adam in October 1883; and Lucius in January 1887.  

Maxille's third son Vital married Edmire or Elmire, daughter of Lessin Simon and his Acadian wife Claire Landry, at the Vermilionville church in August 1866.  They settled at Pointe Émile Mouton near Church Point.  Their son François le jeune was born in October 1871, Maxille le jeune in September 1873, Lessin in March 1875, and Norbert in January 1877.  Vital's daughters married into the Breaux and Ewens families.  

François, père's fourth and youngest son Onésime, also called Onésime F., Onésime François, and Lésime, born on the upper Vermilion in August 1820, married Eugénie, another daughter of Louis Simon and Marie Louise Trahan, at the Vermilionville church in August 1841.  Their son Désiré was born in Lafayette Parish in November 1842; François le jeune in February 1850 but died at age 7 in March 1858; Jean Baptiste was born in January 1852; Nicaise or Niguez in December 1855; Pierre Onésime, called Onésime, in November 1858; Eugènat, called Eugène, in December 1860; Rupert, also called Dupré, in March 1865; and Joseph Alcide on Bayou Queue de Tortue in August 1868.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted a single slave--a black female, age 6--on Onésime Cormier's farm in the parish's western district.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Lafayette Parish counted only a single slave--a single black female, now age 15--on Onésime Cormier's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Onésime, along with older brother Pierre le jeune, served in Company K of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Reserve Corps, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought against local Jayhawkers.  Onésime's daughters married into the Broussard, Hébert, and Leleux families. 

.

A relative of the three Cormier cousins came to Louisiana from exile in Cuba during the early 1800s, likely the last Acadian Cormier to emigrate to Louisiana: 

Jean-Baptiste (1784-1831) à Jean à Alexis à ? à Thomas à Robert Cormier

Jean Baptiste, also called Eugène Baptiste, son of Jean Cormier and Élisabeth Morel of Jean-Rabel, French St.-Dominguie, started a fourth line of Acadian Cormiers in the Bayou State during the early 1800s.  This Jean Baptiste, like his Louisiana relatives, also had roots at Chignecto, but his family's experience during Le Grand Dérangement was different from his cousins'.  Alexis Cormier of Pointe-Beauséjour, his wife Madeleine de Liglen, and their infant son Jean were deported to South Carolina in the fall of 1755 with hundreds of other Chignecto Acadians.  In 1763, the war with Britain finally over, French authorities encouraged the Acadians still languishing in the seaboard colonies to emigrate to St.-Domingue, where they could provide cheap labor for the new French naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas on the north shore of the island.  Alexis and Jean Cormier were among the South Carolina Acadians who went to the sugar island and remained there.  Jean married Élisabeth Morel of Pointe-de-Paix at Jean-Rabel, northeast of Môle St.-Nicolas, in February 1783.  Their son Jean-Baptiste was born at Jean-Rabel in March 1784.  Jean died at his father's home at Caracol, east of Cap-Français, in April 1785; he was only 30 years old.  His father Alexis died probably at Caracol not long afterwards.  Jean Baptiste, called Eugene Baptiste in some Louisiana records, may have been among the St.-Domingue French who fled to Cuba in late 1803; he would have been age 19 that year.  He most likely came to Louisiana with the flood of Haitian refugees from Cuba in the fall of 1809; he would have bee age 25 that year.  His sister Marie-Victoire probably came with him.  Most of the Haitian/Cuban exiles, including sister Marie-Victoire, remained in New Orleans, where she married French Creole Pierre Mouillé in August 1812.  Not Jean Baptiste.  Perhaps aware of his cousins' presence in the state, he moved on to St. Landry Parish and, at age 34, married Marie Louise or Éloise, called Lise, 15-year-old daughter of Louis De Ville II of Poste Rapides and his Acadian wife Marie Jeansonne, at the Opelousas church in June 1818.  He died in St. Landry Parish in January 1831, age 46.  The Opelousas priest who recorded his burial called him "a Frenchman," but he was as much an Acadian as the other Cormiers of South Louisiana.  His descendants, all from his only son, settled on the Opelousas prairie near Ville Platte, then in St. Landry but now in Evangeline Parish.  Meanwhile, at least one of Jean Baptiste's nephews, Pierre Mouillé, fils, son of sister Marie Victoire, settled in St. Landry Parish not far from his uncle and cousins. 

Only son Jean Baptiste, fils, born in St. Landry Parish in August 1828, married Cléonise Louise, also called Clonise C., Louise Charles, Eléonore, and Léonise, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Charles Pitre and his Creole wife Phelonise Joubert, at the Opelousas church in January 1850.  In the summer of 1860, the federal census taker in St. Landry Parish counted five slaves--three males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 26 to 2--on Jean Bte Cormier's farm.  Jean Baptiste, fils died by March 1864, when his wife Cléonise remarried at Opelousas.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in November 1869.  His daughters married into the De Ville and Fontenot families. 

Only son Louis Arthur was born near Ville Platte in March 1857. 

Crochet

Daigre/Daigle

Dantin

David

Delaune

Deroche

Doiron

Doucet

Dubois

Dugas

Duhon

Dupuis

Foret

Gaudet

Jean Gaudet or Godet may have been born at Martaizé, near Loudun, south of the Loire valley in France, in c1575.  His first wife's name has been lost to history.  Tradition says that Jean came to Acadia aboard the St.-Jehan in 1636 with three children from his first marriage--Françoise, age 13, Denis, age 11, and Marie, age 3--though they do not appear on the ship's passenger list.  Nevertheless, Jean and his children were among the earliest settlers in Acadia.  His daughters married into the Mercier, LeBlanc, Hébert, and Gareau families.  In 1652, at age 77, Jean remarried to 45-year-old Nicole Colleson, probably a widow, at Port-Royal.  She gave him another son, Jean, fils.  In the first census of the inhabitants of Acadia, that of 1671, the census taker noted that Jean Gaudet was "the oldest inhabitant of Port-Royal ..., the venerable doyen of the colony ... then aged ninety-six years."  Jean died at Port-Royal before 1678; he was over 100 years old.  His two sons married into the Gauthier, Comeau, Henry, and Lejeune dit Briard families and created families of their own.  Though older son Denis married only once, his line of the family was much larger than that of his half-brother Jean, fils

By 1755, descendants of Jean Gaudet could be found in greater Acadia at Annapolis Royal; Beaubassin, Veskak, and Tintamarre at Chignecto; at Petitcoudiac and Memramcook in the trois-rivières area west of Chignecto; at Grand-Pré and Pigiguit in the Minas Basin; at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest on Île St.-Jean and Port-Toulouse on Île Royale.  They also could be found in the St. Lawrence valley, where the first of them had gone in the 1720s.  

The Acadians at Chignecto were the first to endure a disruption of their lives.  In the spring and summer of 1750, Canadian militia, along with Mi'kmaq led by Abbé Jean-Louis Le Loutre, burned Acadian homesteads east of Rivière Missaguash, forcing the habitants to move to the French-controlled area west of the river.  Gaudets were among the refugees affected by this petit dérangement.  After yet another war erupted between Britain and France in 1754, the Chignecto Acadians were caught in the middle of it.  When British and New England forces attacked Fort Beauséjour in June 1755, Gaudets likely were among the Chignecto Acadians who were serving in the fort as militia.  They, too, along with the French troupes de la marine, became prisoners of war when the fort surrendered on June 16.  Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence was so incensed to find so-called French Neutrals fighting with French regulars at Beauséjour that he ordered his officers to deport the Chignecto Acadians to the southernmost British colonies on the Atlantic seaboard, South Carolina and Georgia.  At least one Gaudet family ended up in South Carolia.  Most of the Gaudets at Chignecto, however, escaped the British and sought refuge in Canada or on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Some of their cousins at Annapolis Royal were not so lucky.  The British deported two Gaudet families to New York and another to Connecticut.  But, again, most of the Gaudets at Annapolis Royal escaped the British in 1755 and sought refuge in Canada or on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore. 

Living in territory controlled by France, none of the Gaudets on Île St.-Jean and Île Royale were touched by the British roundup of their cousins in Nova Scotia during the fall of 1755.  Their respite from British oppression was short-lived, however.  After the British captured the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, they swooped down on the islands and rounded up most of the Acadians there, Gaudets among them.  Later in the year, the British packed hundreds of island Acadians into hired merchant vessels and deported them to St.-Malo and other French ports.  Most of the Gaudets the British rounded up did not survive the crossing to France.  Those sent to Cherbourg moved on to Le Havre in the mid-1760s.  They and their cousins did their best to make a life for themselves in several of the kingdom's coastal cities. 

More Acadian Gaudets arrived in France during the 1760s and 1770s.  Although exile ended for most Acadians in North America by the late 1760s, this was not the case for those who, after the war with Britain finally ended, had chosen to live on îles St.-Pierre and Miquelon, French-controlled islands off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  So many Acadians chose to go there, in fact, that the islands became overcrowded, prompting French officials to pressure the Acadians into moving on to France.  Not all of them remained; some made their way back to Newfoundland islands in the 1770s.  In 1778, France joined the Anglo-American struggle against their old red-coated enemy, who controlled every part of the Maritimes region except the two French islands.  The British wasted no time seizing the Newfoundland islands and deporting the Acadians there to France.  Gaudets, some of whom had returned to the islands from France, were among the unfortunates who endured yet another crossing, this time on hired British transports.  When, in the early 1780s, the Spanish government offered the Acadians still in France the chance for a new life in faraway Louisiana, only two Gaudet men chose to take it.  Most of their Gaudet cousins, especially the ones at Le Havre, chose to remain in the mother country. 

In North America, the Acadians who had escaped the British roundups of 1755 and 1758 were quickly caught up in the lingering war between the imperial rivals.  After the fall of Québec in September 1759, the British gathered their forces to attack the remaining French strongholds in New France.  In June 1760, the Royal Navy attacked Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs, now an important Acadian refuge.  After a spirited fight in which Acadian and Mi'kmaq militia played an important role, the French commander blew up his larger vessels and  retreated up the Restigouche, leaving the militia to prevent a British landing.  Unable to land his redcoats and lay waste to the area, the British commander ordered his ships to return to Louisbourg with what booty and prisoners they could carry.  In October 1760, three months after the British withdrawal, French officials counted 1,003 Acadians still at Restigouche.  Gaudets were among them.  But not all of the Gaudets who had gone to Restigouche escaped the British.  That summer, the British had captured an estimated 300 Acadians during the fight at Restigouche and shipped them off to prison-of-war compounds in British-controlled Nova Scotia--Fort Edward, overlooking the old Gaudet homesteads at Pigiguit; Fort Cumberland, formerly French Fort Beauséjour, at Chignecto; and Georges Island in the middle of Halifax harbor.  Gaudets were among the Acadians held in these Nova Scotia prisons. 

At war's end, Acadians being held in the seaboard colonies were allowed to leave, but not until British officials counted them and discerned their intentions.  In 1763, British officials counted Gaudets still languishing in New York and Connecticut. Most of them chose to be repatriated to Canada.  Though now also a British possession, the northern province was populated largely by fellow French Catholics, many of them Acadian exiles, including dozens of Gaudet kin.  So, in a colony nearly as old as Acadia, descendants of Jean Gaudet began the slow, inexorable process of becoming Canadiennes.  Especially after 1766, Gaudets could be found in Canada at Bécancour, St.-Grégoire, Gentilly, L'Assomption, St.-Jacques-de-l'Achigan, Nicolet, St.-Pierre-les-Besquets, Pointe-aux-Trembles, St.-Sulpice, Lotbinière, and Yamachiche on the upper St. Lawrence; at St.-Ours, St.-Denis, St.-Charles, St.-Antoine, and Chambly in the Richelieu valley; at Berthier-sur-Mer, Montmagny, and L'Islet on the lower St. Lawrence; at Boudreau Village, Memramcook, Upper Sackville, Jolicure, and Cap Maringouin in present-day southeastern New Brunswick; at Malpèque on Prince Edward Island; on St. Mary's Bay and Île Madame in Nova Scotia; and on îiles-de-la-Madeleine in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.  Typical of most, if not all, Acadian families, these Acadiennes of Canada lost touch with their Cadien cousins hundreds of miles away, and, until the Acadian reunions of the mid-twentieth century, may even have forgotten that the others existed.  

The war over, Acadians exiled in the seaboard colonies were encouraged by French officials to go to French St.-Dominique to work on a new naval base at Môle St.-Nicolas.  Although driven from North America, the French were determined to hang on to what was left of their shrinking empire.  The new naval base on the north shore of St.-Domingue would protect the approaches to what was left of their possessions in the Caribbean basin.  French officials saw the Acadian exiles as a ready source of cheap labor.  They promised them land of their own if they came to Haiti to help build the naval base.  And so Acadians, including Gaudets, came to the sugar island in 1764.  Gaudets who had been held in one of the British seaboard colonies also ended up on the island of Martinique. 

Gaudets being held in Nova Scotia faced a hard dilemma.  The Treaty of Paris of February 1763 stipulated in its Article 14 that persons dispersed by the war had 18 months to return to their respective territories.  However, British authorities refused to allow any of the Acadian prisoners in the region to return to their former lands as proprietors.  If Acadians chose to remain in, or return to, Nova Scotia, they could live only in small family groups in previous unsettled areas or work for low wages on former Acadian lands now owned by New England "planters."  If they stayed, they must also take the hated oath of allegiance to the new British king, George III, without reservation.  They would also have to take the oath if they joined their cousins in Canada.  After all they had suffered on the question of the oath, few self-respecting Acadians would consent to take it if it could be avoided.  Some Halifax exiles, including Gaudets, chose to relocate to Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland.  Others considered going to French St.-Domingue, where Acadian exiles in the British colonies, including Gaudets, already had gone, or to the Illinois country, the west bank of which still belonged to France, or to French Louisiana, which, thanks to British control of Canada, was the only route possible to the Illinois country for Acadian exiles.  Whatever their choice, they refused to remain in L'Acadie.  So they gathered up their money and their few possessions and prepared to leave their homeland.  Of the 600 who left Halifax in late 1764 bound for Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, 13 were Gaudets. ...72

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Four Gaudet families, one led by a widow, reached New Orleans from Halifax via Cap-Français in 1765 and settled at established Acadian community of Cabahannocer on the river above the city.  Some of them moved on to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Not all of their family lines survived: 

Claude (1713-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Claude, third and youngest son of Bernard dit le Vieux Gaudet and Jeanne Thériot and the second with the name, was born at Annapolis Royal in November 1713.  Claude married Catherine-Josèphe, daughter of René Forest and Françoise Dugas, at Annapolis Royal in August 1737 and likely remained there.  In 1755, the British deported Claude's older son to Massachusetts, but the rest of the family, including their younger son, escaped the British roundup at Annapolis, crossed the Bay of Fundy with other Acadian exiles the following spring, and sought refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Sometime in the early 1760s, Claude, his wife, and son either surrendered to, or were captured by, the British and held at Fort Edward in Nova Scotia for the rest of the war.  Claude's older son, now married, evidently joined the family in Nova Scotia by 1764.  The following year, Claude, Catherine, and their younger son, along with their married son and his family, emigrated to Louisiana from Halifax via Cap-Français.  They settled with other exiles from Halifax at Cabahannocer, which soon came to be known as the Acadian Coast.  Both of Claude's sons created their own families in the Spanish colony, but only one of the lines endured.  

Older son Joseph, born at Annapolis Royal in c1739, was deported to Massachusetts in 1755.  He married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Claude Bourgeois and Marguerite LeBlanc of Annapolis Royal, at Boston in the late 1750s or early 1760s.  After the war with Britain, Joseph, Marguerite, and their infant daughter joined his parents in Nova Scotia and accompanied them to Louisiana in 1765.  They settled near his family on the left, or east, bank of the river at Cabahannocer and had more children in the colony.  In 1779, Joseph held two slaves on his farm at Cabahannocer.  In the late 1780s or early 1790s, he moved down to upper Bayou Lafourche.  In his late 50s, he remarried to Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Bénonie LeBlanc and Marguerite Hébert and widow of Germain Bergeron, at Assumption on the upper Lafourche in November 1796.  One of the witnesses to Joseph's second marriage was future Louisiana governor Henry Schuyler Thibodaux.  Joseph's second wife gave him no more children.  At the time of his remarriage, he held no slaves, but by January 1798 he again owned two slaves on his five-by-fifty-arpent farm along the bayou.  His daughters married into the Charpentier, LeBlanc, and Mouton families.  Two of his three sons created their own families on upper Bayou Lafourche and on the river. 

Oldest son Joseph-Simon, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, born at New Orleans in November 1766, probably died young.  

Joseph's second son Jean, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, born probably at Cabahannocer in c1768, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Poirier and Marie-Anne Bourgeois, at Cabahannocer in January 1791, and remarried to Eulalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Guidry and Isabelle Comeaux, at Cabahannocer in August 1797, on the same day and in the same place his younger brother Joseph, fils married Eulalie's sister Félicité.  Jean and Eulalie settled on upper Bayou Lafourche. Their son Jean, fils was born in Assumption Parish in July 1813; and Pierre in September 1816.  Jean died in Assumption Parish in April 1836, age 68.  His daughters, all by his second wife, married into the Charpentier, Comeaux, Gaspard, and Ockman families.  His two sons remained in Assumption Parish, either on the bayou or near Pierre Part north of Lake Verret. 

Older son Jean, fils, by second wife Eulalie Guidry, married Marie Madeleine or Doralise, called Doralise, daughter of fellow Acadian Simon Gautreaux and his Creole wife Madeleine Petronille Stout, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1840.  They had a son named Jean Baptiste.  Their daughter married into the Gaspard family. 

Only son Jean Baptiste married Marie, daughter of Foreign Frenchman Louis David and his Creole wife Céleste Gros, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in August 1867.  They settled probably near the boundary between Assumption and Ascension parishes.  Their son Léo Louis was born in February 1869, and Joseph Ulysse in December 1870. 

Jean, père's younger son Pierre, by second wife Eulalie Guidry, married Marie Delphine, called Delphine, daughter of Pierre Stout and his Acadian wife Adèle Thériot, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1840.  Their son Joseph was born in Assumption Parish in December 1845; Pierre, fils in July 1847; Pierre Dorsino, called Dorsino, in November 1848 and baptized at the Pattersonville church, St. Mary Parish, age 16 months, in March 1850; Pierre Honoré was born in Assumption Parish in July 1849; Anatole in November 1856; and Francis Numa near Pierre Part in February 1862.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Joseph married Estelle or Esther Ann or Anna, called Anna, daughter of Édouard Clifton and Jane Whittaker, at the Pierre Part church, Assumption Parish, in April 1866.  Their son Joseph Christofore was born in August 1867. 

Pierre's second son Dorsino died in Assumption Parish in November 1867, age 19.  He did not marry. 

Joseph's third and youngest son Joseph, fils, by first wife Marguerite Bourgeois, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in March 1774, married Marie-Félicité, called Félicité, daughter of Joseph Guidry and Isabelle Comeaux, at St.-Jacques in August 1797, on the same day and at the same place his older brother Jean married Félicité's sister Eulalie.  Joseph, fils and Félicité's son Joseph III was born at Cabahannocer in June 1798 but died the following September; Rosémond was born in January 1800; and Jean Baptiste, called Baptiste, near Convent, St. James Parish, in March 1806.  Joseph, fils and Félicité's daughters married into the LeBoeuf and Oubre families.  Joseph remarried to Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Berteau and Rose Savoie and widow of Joseph Theriot, at the Convent church in June 1820.  Joseph, fils died near Convent in February 1826, age 52.  At least one of his sons created his own family on Bayou Lafourche.

Third son Baptiste married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of German Creole Jean Baptiste Bernard and his Acadian wife Marie Melançon of St. James Parish, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in February 1830.  They remained on Bayou Lafourche.  Their son Auguste was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in February 1835; Émile Honoré in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1839; and Noël Henry Clay in on Christmas Day 1844 but died eight days later in early January.  Baptiste died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1845; the Thibodaux priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste died "at age 44 yrs.," but he was 39.  His daughters married into the Oubre and Roper families, one of them in St. James Parish.  One of his sons created his own family. 

Oldest son Auguste married cousin Althée, daughter of German Creole Amand Bernard and his Acadian wife Clémence Préjean, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in November 1860.  Their son Joseph was born in Lafourche Parish in August 1868.  Their daughter married into the Talbot family. 

During the War of 1861-65, Baptiste's second Émile served in Company I of the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Émile was killed in action during the Siege of Vicksburg on 22 May 1863, age 24. 

Claude's younger son Charles, born at Annapolis Royal in c1752, followed his parents into exile.  British officials counted him with his parents at Fort Edward, Nova Scotia, in 1762, and he followed his parents to Louisiana in 1765.  In 1777, he was still a bachelor, living on the east bank of the river, perhaps as an engagé, with the family of Canadian Louis Paquette and his Acadian wife Marie LeBlanc.  At age 34, Charles married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel LeBlanc and Marie Aucoin, at Cabahannocer in April 1786.  Marie-Josèphe, a native of England, had recently arrived in the colony with her widowed mother and a sister aboard La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships from France.  Charles remarried to Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux and Marguerite Babineaux dit Des Lauriers of Annapolis Royal, at Cabahannocer in August 1794.  She gave him his only child, a son.  Charles died at Cabahannocer in September 1799, in his late 40s.   

Only son Joseph-Flavin or Fabien-Joseph, by second wife Anne Comeaux, born at Cabahannocer in May 1797, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1832, age 35.  He probably did not marry, so this line of the family did not endure.   

Charles (1730-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Charles, older son of Jean Gaudet and Marie Breau, born probably at Annapolis Royal in c1730, followed his family into exile in 1755 and into a prison camp in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  Charles was still a bachelor when he came to Louisiana in 1765 with his widowed mother and two younger siblings.  He married cousin Cécile Breau, widow of George Clouâtre, at Cabahannocer in May 1768.  About the time of his marriage, he assisted his wife's kinsman, Alexis Breau of Pigiguit, in eluding Spanish justice.  By 1779, Charles owned three slaves on his farm along the right, or west, bank of the Mississippi at Cabahannocer.  All three of his sons created their own families in what became St. James and Ascension parishes.  Some of his older sons's descendants became planters in St. James Parish during the antebellum period. 

Oldest son Michel, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in 1773, married Victoire, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste Bergeron dit d'Amboise, père and Marguerite Bernard, at Cabahannocer in February 1793.  Michel died in St. James Parish in September 1820, age 47.  His daughters married into the Becnel, Blouin, Gaudin, and Hébert families.  His three sons created vigorous lines and became planters in eastern St. James Parish.  By 1850, his oldest son had become a great planter--someone who owned more than 50 slaves.  He held, in fact, over 100 slaves on his plantation along the river.

Oldest son Michel-Valéry, called Valéry, born at Cabahannocer in December 1793, married Anne Belzire, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Richard and Constance LeBlanc, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in June 1814.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in St. James Parish, age 3 months, in September 1816; Pierre Théodule, called Théodule was born in May 1818 but died at age 1 1/2 in March 1820; Adam Joseph or Joseph Adam was born in December 1822; Amédée Michel in February 1827; and Pierre Oscar, called Oscar, in August 1827 but died at age 3 1/2 in June 1831.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 101 slaves on Valéry Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Eastern District, between the plantation of his brother Ursin, père's widow and the farms of his nephew Ursin, fils and his sons J. A. and Amédée.  Two months later, in September, the same census taker counted three more slaves--a male and two females, all black, ages 17, 17 and 14--on Valéry Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Was this the same Valéry who owned the big plantation nearby?  Valéry died in St. James Parish in March 1853, age 60.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 35-year-old black male--on Valéry Gaudet's farm in the parish's First District of the East Bank; one wonders if this was the slave of Valéry's widow, Anne Belzire Richard.  Their daughters married into the Chastant and Tete families.  Valéry's two surviving sons created their own families on the river.

Third son Joseph Adam married cousin Marie Arcelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Pierre Richard and Marguerite Braud, at the St. James church in March 1846.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 11 slaves--nine males and two females, nine blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 30 to 6--on J. A. Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District next to his father's plantation.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 140 slaves living in 30 houses on Adams Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank; this was Joseph Adam.  During the War of 1861-65, Joseph Adam served as captain of a company in the St. James Parish Regiment Militia before commanding Company K of the 30th Regiment/Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee.  One wonders if Joseph Adam fathered any sons. 

Valéry's fourth son Amédée Michel married Louise Marie, daughter of John Ilsley, Islay, or Isley and Elisa G. Mollere, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in January 1852.  Their son John Valéry was born in St. James Parish in November 1854, and James Amédée in August 1861.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted six slaves--two males and four females, four blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 22 to 3--on Amédée Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District next to brother J. A.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 11 slaves--six males and five females, three blacks and eight mulattoes, ages 36 to 10, living in six houses--on Amédée Gaudet's farm in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank between the plantations of brother Joseph Adam and cousins J. K. Gaudet and brothers.  During the War of 1861-65, Amédée served as a private in older brother Joseph Adam's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia. 

Michel's second son Ursin-Michel or Michel-Ursin, called Ursin, born at Cabahannocer in March 1803, married Elise Adèle, called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadian Grégoire Dugas and his Creole wife Françoise Barbet, at the Donaldson church, Ascension Parish, in February 1822.  Their son Michel Ursin, called Ursin, fils, was born in c1822; Jean Baptiste Félix was born in St. James Parish in July 1824; Michel Drausin was baptized at the St. James church, age 2 months, in June 1826; Charles Grégoire Bienvenu, called Bienvenu, was born in April 1828 but died at age 3 in September 1831; and Charles Théodore or Théodose was born in November 1831.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 40 slaves on Widow Ursin Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Eastern District, next to son Ursin, fils's farm and near brother-in-law Valéry Gaudet's large plantation.  Ursin's daughter married into the Gautreaux family.  Three of his four surviving sons created their own families.

Oldest son Ursin, fils married Marie Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Donat LeBlanc and Marie Melançon, at the St. James church in February 1842.  Their son Charles Michel Ursin Félix was born in St. James Parish in February 1844, and Joseph N. D. in July 1847.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted two slaves--a 21-year-old black female, and a 7-month-old black girl--on Ursin Gaudet's farm, between his widowed mother's and his uncle Valéry Gaudet's plantations.  Ursin, fils died in St. James Parish in October 1853, in his early 30s.  His daughter married into the Rybiski family. 

Ursin, père's second son Jean Baptiste Félix may have married fellow Acadian Marie Melançon in St. James Parish in c1840.  Their son Jean Félicien was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in December 1841.  In 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted a single slave--a 25-year-old black female--on B. Gaudet's farm.  One wonders if this was Jean Baptiste Félix.  

Ursin, père's third son Michel Drausin married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadians Ferdinand Landry and Clarisse Landry, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1846.  Their son Charles Albert was born in St. James Parish in October 1847, Pascal Michel in Ascension Parish in May 1849, Vincent Théodose in July 1855, Ursin Philippe in May 1859, Paul Parfait in May 1861, George Marc in October 1863, and Joseph Justin in August 1868.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted four slaves--two males and two females, all black, ranging in age from 40 to 12--on Michel Gaudet's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  Was this Michel Drausin?  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 84 slaves living in 22 houses on Michel Gaudet's plantation in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank between cousins Joseph Adam Gaudet's plantation and Amédée Gaudet's farm.  During the War of 1861-65, Michel Drausin may have served in Company E of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  If so, he enlisted in the company in October 1861, in his mid-30s.  Soon after he joined up, while his regiment was still in the New Orleans area, he was reported absent without leave.  A late autumn 1861 company report proclaims that the planter-turned-soldier was "left at home on urgent business."  His military record then falls silent. 

Ursin, père's fifth and youngest son Théodose died in St. James Parish in March 1850.  He was only 18 years old and probably did not marry. 

Michel's third and youngest son Drosin, born in Ascension Parish in July 1810, married cousin Mélanie, daughter of Jean Gourdain and his Acadian wife Émilie Bergeron, at the St. James church in May 1829; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Émile Gourdain was born probably in St. James Parish in c1831 but died at age 15 in May 1846; Jean Drosin was born near Convent, St. James Parish, in May 1834; Michel Oscar, called Oscar, in May 1838; and Charles Joseph Arthur near St. James in October 1846.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 23 slaves--18 males and five females, all black, ranging in age from 50 to 9--on Drauzin Gaudet's plantation, between the plantations of his older brother Ursin's widow and his cousin J. K. Gaudet.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 25 slaves--19 males and six females, all black except for one mulatto, ages 50 years to 9 months, living in 10 houses--on Drauzin Gaudet's plantation in the parish's 6th District of the Right Bank.  At least one of Drosin's sons married before 1870. 

Third son Michel Oscar graduated from the Virginia Medical School, Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1857; he was only 19 years old.  During the War of 1861-65, Oscar served first as an assistant surgeon on the field staff of the Orleans Guard Regiment Louisiana Volunteer State Militia, and then as a junior second lieutenant in the 5th and 6th Batteries of Louisiana Light Artillery, raised in St. James and Iberville parishes, which fought in Louisiana.  Oscar married Aurore Angélique Webre, widow of ___ D'Aquin, at the St. James church in November 1866.  Their son Oscar Henri was born near Convent in October 1868, and Pierre Georges in July 1870.  Oscar served as coroner of St. James Parish during the post-war years and died in 1907, age 69. 

One wonders if Oscar's older brother Jean Drosin was the Dr. Gaudet who served as a sergeant in Joseph Adam Gaudet's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia.  

Charles's second son Jérôme, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in September 1775, married Marie-Louise, called Louise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Bourgeois and Marie Bergeron, at Cabahannocer in April 1793.  Their son, name unrecorded, died at St.-Jacques 3 days after his birth in June 1794; and Jérôme-Eugène, called Eugène, was born in September 1797.  Jérôme died in St. James Parish in April 1831, age 55.  His daughter married into the Mire family.  His surviving son also created a family of his own. 

Jérôme Eugène married Constance Belivere or Melissaire, called Melissaire, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Richard and Constance LeBlanc, at the St. James church in June 1814.  Their son Eugène Clément was born in St. James Parish in November 1820 but died the following March, Théophile Séverin was born in February 1824, and Eugène Théodule or Théogène Eugène posthumously in November 1825.  They also had a son named Jérôme Kleber, called Kleber.  Eugène, père died in St. James Parish in November 1825; the priest who recorded his burial said that Eugène was 38 years old when he died, but he was only 28.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 40-year-old black male--on Widow Eugène Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District, between the plantation of her sons and that of their cousin Drauzin Gaudet.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 50-year-old black male--on Widow Eug. Gaudet's farm in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank next to her sons' plantation; this probably was the same black man she owned a decade before.  Eugène and Melissaire's daughter married into the Landry family.  Three of their sons also created their own families.

Oldest son Jérôme Kleber married cousin Élisabeth Amanda, called Amanda, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Landry and his Creole wife Carmelite Vives, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1849; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Louis Jérôme was born in St. James Parish in January 1852; Pierre Édouard in September 1853; and Eugène Kleber was baptized at the St. James church, St. James Parish, age unrecorded, in October 1857.  In July 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 40 slaves on the plantation owned by J. K. Gaudet and his brothers in the parish's Eastern District, next to their widowed mother.  In July 1760, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted 43 slaves living in 38 houses on the plantation owned by J. K. Gaudet and his brothers in the parish's Ninth District of the Right Bank next to cousin Amédée Gaudet's farm.  J. K. himself owned three slaves of his own--a 36-year-old black female, a 13-year-old black female, and a 2-year-old black male--next to his widowed mother. 

Jérôme Eugène's second Théophile Séverin married Rosalie Aisidia, Nesida, or Nisida, daughter of fellow Acadians Ferdinand Theriot and Aspasie Braud, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in May 1851.  Their son Théophile Séverin, fils was born in St. James Parish in October 1856. 

In June 1860, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted four slaves--all females, all black, ranging in age from 37 to 3, living in one house--on Theo. Gaudet's farm in the parish's First District of the Left Bank.  This probably was Jérôme Eugène third son Théogène Eugène, who married Mary Ann Ilsley at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in September 1862.  Their son John Jérôme was born in St. James Parish in July 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, Théogène may have served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  If so, he enlisted in the company at "Camp Teche," probably Camp Pratt near New Iberia, in November 1862, after the regiment had been transferred from southern Alabama to South Louisiana.  Judging by his age and his late enlistment, Théogène may have been a conscript.  One wonders if he was the Cheogène Gaudet who had served as a second lieutenant in Joseph Adam Gaudet's company of the St. James Parish Regiment Militia during the Lafourche campaign of autumn 1862. 

Charles's third and youngest son Auguste or Augustin, baptized at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer, age unrecorded, in November 1778, married Marguerite, daughter of Pierre Lacroix and Marguerite Mollere, at Ascension in June 1801.  Their son Auguste or Augustin, fils was born at St.-Jacques in January 1803; Michel Rosémond in September 1804; and Jean Léonard, called Léonard and Léon, in September 1807.  Augustin, père died in St. James Parish in November 1831, age 53.  His daughters married into the Breaux, Cabern, and Cure families.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted six slaves--five males and a female, all black, ranging in age from 22 to 5--on Mrs. A. Gaudet's farm; these may have been Marguerite Lacroix's slaves.  Two of Auguste and Marguerite's sons created their own families, but only one of the lines seems to have endured. 

Oldest son Auguste, fils married Marine or Marie Rose, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexis Braud and Pélagie Richard, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in February 1825, and remarried to Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bergeron and Constance Gaudin, at the St. James church in September 1831.  One wonders if Auguste, fils fathered a son by either of his wives. 

Auguste, père's third and youngest son Léonard married Marie Louise Tailier, Toelier, Toilier, Toirier, Tonnellier, or Tuilier, probably in St. James Parish in the 1830s.  Their son Léonard, fils was born in St. James Parish in March or May 1840; Rosémond in January 1842; Augustin near Convent in March 1846; and Joseph Camille posthumously in November 1856 but died at age 3 1/2 in May 1860.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted six slaves--two males and four females, four blacks and two mulattoes, ranging in age from 35 to 5--on Léon Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Léonard "fell in the Mississippi where he died" in St. James Parish in October 1856, age 49.  His wife was pregnant at the time; son Joseph Camille was born a month after Léonard's drowning.  Their daughters married into the LeBoeuf and Pertuit families. 

During the War of 1861-65, oldest son Léonard, fils served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. James Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  He enlisted in October 1861 and was sent to Pass Manchac later that month as a picket guard.  He was relieved the first of November and returned to his unit, which he followed to northern Mississippi in early 1862.  He fell sick at Corinth, Mississippi, and was left there when his company moved north into southern Tennessee and fought gunboats near Pittsburg Landing.  His service record does not say if he fought with his regiment at the Battle of Shiloh that April.  He was absent sick again in a Mississippi general hospital that spring and summer.  After that, his service record falls silent, so one wonders if he survived the war. 

 Léonard's second son Rosémond also served in Company A of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry during the War of 1861.  Like his older brother Léonard, fils, Rosémond enlisted in the company in October 1861 and, except for a bout of illness that sent him to a general hospital in Mississippi during the summer of 1862, remained with his company.  After November 1863, Rosémond served also in Company C of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  He was still a part of this unit, serving in northwestern Louisiana, when the Confederate armies surrendered.  He signed his end-of-war parole at Natchitoches in early June 1865. 

Jérôme (1740-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Jérôme, younger son of Jean Gaudet and Marie Breau, born probably at Annapolis Royal in c1740, followed his family into exile and to a prison camp in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  He was still a bachelor when he came to Louisiana in 1765 with his widowed mother and two older siblings.  He followed his family to Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans and married fellow Acadian Marie Doucet there in the 1770s.  They remained on the Acadian Coast and may have been that rare Acadian couple who had no children.  

Pierre, fils (c1760-?) à ? à Jean Gaudet

Pierre, fils, elder son of Pierre Gaudet and Marie-Madeleine Doucet, born in exile in c1760, followed his family to Louisiana in 1765.  Spanish officials counted him with his mother and stepfather, Abraham Roy, at St.-Jacques in 1777.  He probably did not marry.

Charles (c1763-?) à ? à Jean Gaudet

Charles, younger son of Pierre Gaudet and Marie-Madeleine Doucet, born in exile in c1763, followed his family to Louisiana in 1765.  Spanish officials counted him with his mother and stepfather, Abraham Roy, at St.-Jacques in 1777.  He married Françoise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Berteau and Rose Savoie, at Cabahanncoer in June 1792.  Charles died near Convent, St. James Parish, in January 1841, in his late 70s.  His daughters married into the Frederick and Leche families.  Only his oldest son seems to have created a family of his own. 

Oldest son Pierre, born at Cabahannocer in February 1795, married Eméranthe, daughter of Pierre Loupe and Élisabeth Hautin, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in June 1818.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in St. James Parish counted a single slave--a 28-year-old black male--on Pierre Gaudet's farm in the parish's Eastern District.  Pierre died near Convent, St. James Parish, in October 1854, age 59.  His daughters married into the Delatte and Roussel families.  Two of his sons also created their own families. 

Oldest son Pierre Théodolph or Théodule, called Théodule, born near Convent in February 1821, married Marie Séraphine, called Séraphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Paul Bourgeois and Marguerite Bourgeois, at the Convent church in July 1845.  Their son Joseph Edmé was born near Convent in October 1846; Louis Théophile, a twin, in September 1850; Jean or Léon Théodore in August 1852 but died at age 3 in August 1855; and Benjamin was born in June 1856.  Their daughter married into the Ledoux family.  One of Théodule's sons married before 1870. 

Oldest son Joseph Edmé married cousin Marie Augustine, daughter of fellow Acadians Hervillien Bourgeois and Marie Adolestine Bourgeois, at the Convent church in November 1866; they had to secure a dispensation for third degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Joseph Pierre was born near Convent in March 1868. 

Pierre's second son Jérôme Séverin, born near Convent in March 1832, married Félicité Justine, daughter of fellow Acadians Valentin Gaudin and Séraphine Dugas, at the Convent church in February 1865.  Jérôme died near Convent in September 1866, age 34.  His line of the family probably died with him.

Pierre's third and youngest son Firmin Théogène, born near Convent in August 1836, does not seem to have married.   

Charles's second son, name unrecorded, died at Cabahannocer a day after his birth in August 1798.  

Charles's third son Charles-Valéry, born at Cabahannocer in November 1799, also may have died young, unless he was the Charles Gaudet who died near Convent in February 1861.  The priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or even mention a wife, said that Charles died at "age 66 years."  Charles Valéry would have been age 61. 

Charles's fourth and youngest son Jérôme-Ursin, born at Cabahannocer in January 1804, died at age 9 in September 1813. 

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In 1785, five Gaudets--a father and his three children, and a bachelor cousin--came to Louisiana from France aboard two of the Seven Ships.  The family survived on Bayou Lafourche, but the bachelor, who was middle-aged when he reached the colony, did not create a family of his own: 

The bachelor cousin arrived on La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in early December, but no new family lien came of it:

Joseph Igance (1743-?) à Jean III à Jean, fils à Jean Gaudet

Joseph-Ignace, son of Jean-Baptiste Gaudet and Marie-Josèphe Darois, born in British Nova Scotia in c1743, followed his family to Île St.-Jean in 1750.  A French official counted him with his parents and five siblings at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest, on the south shore of Île St.-Jean, in 1752; he was listed as age 9.  His mother died probably at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest the following year.  In the fall of 1758, Joseph-Ignace, now in his mid-teens, with his widowed father and a younger brother, was deported to France aboard the ill-fated British transport Duke William.  They all survived a mid-ocean mishap aboard the vessel, which limped into St.-Malo harbor on the first day of November, but his father died at the Hotel-Dieu, St.-Malo, a day after they reached the port.  Younger brother Paul-Marie, only nine years old, died in an area hospital a few weeks later.  Joseph-Ignace, at age 15, lived at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, perhaps as a sailor, but he did not remain there.  At the end of October 1761, now 18, he embarked on the French privateer La Duchesse de Grammont to fight the British.  The Royal Navy captured the ship, and the British held Joseph-Ignace as a prisoner in England until the Seven Years' War ended in early 1763.  After his release--he was now age 20--Joseph-Ignace returned to St.-Servan and was counted there in the early 1770s.  In 1785, still a bachelor, now in his early 40s, he chose to go to Louisiana with hundreds of his fellow Acadians, the only one of his immediate family who emigrated to the colony.  He crossed on the sixth of the Seven Ships, La Ville d'Archangel, and followed the majority of his fellow passengers to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores, north of Baton Rouge before disappearing from the historical record.  He does not seem ever to have married, so his father's line did not endure.  

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The Gaudet family from France crossed aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-December.  A substantial new line came of it:

Louis (1728-?) à Pierre l'aîné à Denis à Jean Gaudet

Louis, third son of Augustin Gaudet and Agnes Chiasson, born at Chignecto in c1728, married Marie, daughter of François Hébert and Anne Bourg, probably at Chignecto in c1751 and remained in the area.  The family escaped the British in 1755 and took refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  By 1760, they were at Restigouche at the head of the Baie des Chaleurs, where one of their daughters was baptized in July of that year.  They either surrendered to, or were captured by, the British in the early 1760s and also were held at Fort Cumerland.  After the war with Britain, they followed other Acadians, including older brother Pierre, to Île Miquelon, where French officials counted them in 1767.  To relieve overcrowding on the island, the French transported them to France later in the year.  French officials counted them at La Rochelle in 1770 and 1772.  By 1773, they had moved to Nantes, where their youngest son was born.  Unlike brother Pierre, Louis survived his time in France.  He, wife Marie, and three of their children, two daughters and a son, crossed to Louisiana aboard the last of the Seven Ships and followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche. Louis's succession records are dated 1 August 1801 and 3 June 1804 and were filed at what became the Lafourche Parish courthouse; in 1801, he would have been in his early 70s.  His daughters Marguerite and Madeleine married into the Arceneaux and Graubert families at Cabahannocer on Bayou Lafourche.  His son created a large family on the bayou and established a new center of Gaudet family settlement there. 

Only surviving son François-Louis, born at Nantes, France, in c1773, followed his family to Louisiana aboard La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships of 1785.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Caissie dit Roger and Anastasie Dugas, at Lafourche in July 1796.  They settled on the upper bayou near his parents.  Their daughters married into the Falgout and Hébert families.  François remarried to Marcelline, daughter of Charles Falgout and Angélique Dufrene of St. Charles Parish, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1816.  Their daughters married into the Evans, Lacapere, Lesseps, and Tucker families.  François-Louis, called François, père by the recording priest, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1831, age 58.  His first succession inventory was filed at the Thibodauxville courthouse the month of his death, and a petition for a new inventory was filed at the same courthouse in July 1835.  François's three older sons by his first wife married three of his second wife's sisters!  All but one of François's eight sons by both of his wives created families of their own in Assumption, Lafourche Interior, and Terrebonne parishes.  A remarkable number of them married first cousins.  One of them married a niece. 

Oldest son Joseph, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in the late 1790s, married Céleste, daughter of Charles Falgout and Angélique Dufrene and his stepmother's sister, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1817.  Their son Joseph, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1822, and Marcel Émile in July 1825.  Joseph died in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1836, in his late 30s or early 40s.  His succession inventory was filed at the Thibodauxville courthouse the same month.   His daughters married into the Atkinson, Bourgeois, and Williams families.  Both of his sons created their own families on Bayou Lafourche. 

Older son Joseph, fils married double first cousin Eloise Estelle, 18-year-old daughter of his uncle François Gaudet, fils and Hortense Falgout, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in April 1844, and sanctified the marriage at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 184.  Eloise's mother was Joseph, fils's maternal aunt.  Their son Joseph Armogasse was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1845 and died 12 days later, Théophile died 5 days after his birth in September 1847, Raphaël Pierre was born in January 1850, Émile Hippolyte in September 1851, and François Léon in February 1854.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old mulatto female--on Joseph Gaudet's farm along the bayou. 

Joseph, père's younger son Marcel Émile married Anaïse Félicité, daughter of Jean Baptiste Champagne and Anaïse Félicité Beauvais, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in August 1852.

François-Louis's second son François, fils, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in September 1798, married Hortense, another daughter Charles Falgout and Angelique Dufrene, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1818.  Their son Charles François was born probably in Assumption Parish in c1820, and Raphaël Léon or Léon Raphaël in Lafourche Interior Parish in July 1833.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted 14 slaves--seven males and seven females, all black except for one mulatto, ranging in age from 35 to 2--on François Gaudet's farm along Bayou Lafourche.  His daughters married into the Bourgeois, Gaudet, Smith, Toups, and Waguespack families.  His two sons created families of their own.

Older son Charles François married Emeranthe, 18-year-old daughter of Jean Louis Waguespack and Emeranthe Waguespack of St. Charles Parish, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1838.  Their son Charles Myrtile, called Myrtile, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1841; François Léon in February 1846; Guillaume J. died at age 1 1/2 months in February 1850; and Ernest Noël was born in December 1853.  Charles François's daughter married into the Coignet family.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Myrtile married cousin Justine, daughter of Ulgère Waguespack and his Acadian wife Marie Adèle Bourgeois, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in August 1865.  Their son Charles Édouard was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1867.

François, fils's younger son Léon Raphaël married first cousin Marie Louise, daughter of his uncle Charles Gaudet and his Creole wife Berthilde Geneviève Cantrelle, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in May 1857.  Their son Philippe Édouard was born in Lafourche Parish in October 1861, Thomas in October 1865, George Edgard in August 1868, and Léon Fernand in July 1870. 

François-Louis's third son Louis le jeune, by first wife Marie Roger, born at Assumption in August 1801, married Clémence, yet another daughter of Charles Falgout and and Angélique Dufrene, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1821.  Their son Louis, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in March 1824, Aimé in c1833, François Justin or Justin François in December 1836, Joachim in August 1841, and Arthur Charles or Charles Arthur in September 1845.  Louis le jeune died in Lafourche Parish in October 1858; he was 57 years old; a petition for a family meeting was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse the following December.  His daughters married into the Boudreaux, Bourgeois, Legendre, Richard, and Toups families.  Three of his five sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Louis, fils married Elisa Adèle, 17-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Guillot and Hortense Pélagie Richard, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1845.  Their son Louis Émile was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1848, Léon in February 1851, Joseph Aristide in September 1852, Louis Prosper in February 1858, and Charles Arthur in December 1860.  Louis, fils's daughter married into the Toups family. 

Louis le jeune's second son Aimé died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1851.  He was only 18 years old and did not marry. 

During the War of 1861-65, Louis le jeune's third son F. Justin, as he was called in Confederate records, served as a fourth sergeant in Company G of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Louisiana, and in Company F of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  François Justin married Marie Angelina, daughter of Mathurin Philippeau and his Acadian wife Lucille Hébert, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in May 1869.

Louis le jeune's fifth and youngest son Charles Arthur married first cousin Marie Edesie, daughter of his uncle Charles Gaudet and Berthilde Geneviève Cantrelle, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in April 1870.

François Louis's fourth son Guillaume Hippolyte, called Hippolyte, from first wife Marie Roger, born at Ascension in July 1806, married Marie Eulalie, daughter of Jean Baudoin and Geneviève Andras, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1826.  Hippolyte died in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1832, age 26.  His line of the family probably died with him. 

François Louis 's fifth son Charles, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Assumption Parish in September 1819, married Berthilde Geneviève, daughter of Jean Baptiste Cantrelle and Marie Edisie Daspit, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in September 1839.  Their son Charles Eugène was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1844, Jules François in December 1850, and Émile Arthur in December 1856.  Their daughters married Gaudet first cousins.  At least one of his sons married before 1870.

Oldest son Charles Eugène married cousin Cora Rose or Rosine, daughter of Adolphe Daunaud or Donnard and Esilda Falgout, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in August 1869.

François Louis's sixth son Léon Fregins, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1823, married Émilie, another daughter of Jean Baptiste Cantrelle and Marie Edisie Daspit, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1845.  Their son Léon Firmin was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1847, Charles Alphonse in May 1849, and François Ernest in November 1851.

François Louis's seventh son Augustin Valsin, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1826, married cousin Angélique Amelie or Amelina, daughter of Guillaume Beauvais and Aimé Falgout, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1847.  Their son Oscar Augustin, also called François, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1848 but died at age 3 1/2 in September 1851; Louis Alexandre was born in August 1852; and Guillaume Augustin in July 1854 but died at age 1 1/2 in December 1855.  Augustin remarried to niece Mathilde Émilie, daughter of his half-brother François Gaudet, fils and Hortense Falgout, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in January 1863. 

François Louis's eighth and youngest son Marcel Jules, by second wife Marcelline Falgout, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1829, died at age 11 months in January 1830.

Gaudin

Gautreaux

Girouard/Giroir

Gousman

Granger

Gravois

Guidry

Guilbeau

Guillot

Hébert

Henry

Jeansonne

Labauve

Lachaussée

Lalande

Lambert

Landry

Lanoux

Lebert

LeBlanc

Legendre

Léger

Lejeune

Levron

Longuépée

Louvière

Martin

Mazerolle

Melançon

Michel

Mire

Moïse

Molaison

Mouton

Naquin

Orillion

Ozelet

Part

Pinel

Pitre

Poirier

Potier

Préjean

Prince

Richard

Rivet

Robichaux

Roger

Roy

Savoie

Semere

Sonnier

Louis Saulnier, a sailor born in France in c1663, came to Acadia by c1684, the year he married Louise Bastineau dit Peltier at Grand PréLouis died in c1730, in his late 60s, probably at Minas.  He and Louise had 14 children, including five sons, most if not all of them born at Minas, who created families of their own.  Five of their daughters married into the Boudrot, Boisseau dit Blondin, Lapierre, Oudy, and Hébert families.  In 1755, the sailor's descendants could be found not only at Minas, but also at Petitcoudiac in the trois-rivières region west of Chignecto, at Annapolis Royal, and on Île St.-Jean. 

When the Great Upheaval came that year, it scattered this family far and wide.  Many Saulniers escaped the British and sought refuge in Canada and on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  Others were captured.  The British deported Saulniers from Minas to Virginia, and they ended up in England and France.  They then moved on to French Guiana, where most of them remained.  Meanwhile, during exile and after the war with Britain, their cousins in North America settled at St.-Joachim and Baie St.-Paul on the lower St. Lawrence and at Pointe-de-l'Église on Baie Ste.-Marie along the southwest coast of Nova Scotia.  Saulniers in greater Acadia who could not elude the British were held as prisoners in Nova Scotia until the war finally ended. 

The majority of the Saulniers who came to Louisiana reached New Orleans from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765.  They established family lines on the Opelousas prairies, where they were especially robust, and at Cabahannocer on the river above New Orleans, later called the Acadian Coast.  Seven Saulnier females who came to Louisiana in 1765 were already a part of, or married into, the Babin, Cormier, Thibodeau, Chrétien, Forest, Lescossier, Layur, and Léger families.  Three Saulnier wives, married into the Hamon, Aucoin, and Boutary families, came to the colony from France in 1785 and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche and out on the prairies.  Meanwhile, the family's name evolved in the Spanish colony from Saulnier and Saunier to Sonnier.  By the early antebellum period, Sonniers on the river had moved either to lower Bayou Teche or to Bayou Lafourche, where a small center of family settlement emerged.  Throughout the late colonial and antebellum periods, however, the great majority of Sonniers, most of them descended from two of the brothers who had gone to the prairies, lived in communities from the Opelousas prairies down to lower Bayou Teche.  They were especially numerous at Bellevue and Grand Coteau in St. Landry Parish; at Carencro, La Butte, and Grand Prairie in Lafayette Parish; and at Fausse Pointe in St. Martin and Iberia parishes.66

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The Acadian Sonniers of Louisiana descend from two sets of brothers who came to the colony in 1765.  The first set of brothers arrived at New Orleans from Halifax either with the Broussards in February or soon afterwards and followed them to the western prairies:

Sylvain (c1736-1801) à Louis Sonnier

Sylvain, elder son of probably Étienne Saulnier and his first wife Jeanne Comeau, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1736, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  If he was a son of Étienne Saulnier, British officials counted his family at Halifax in August 1763.  Sylvain came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765, still a bachelor, with a younger half-brother and followed his kinsmen to the Opelousas District west of the Atchafalaya Basin, where he married fellow Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Bourg and Anne Boudrot of Île St.-Jean, in the late 1760s.  They settled on Prairie Bellevue south of the present city of Opelousas.  Their daughters married into the Comeaux, Dugas, Martin, Missonnier, and Thibodeaux families.  Sylvain was one of the 11 Opelousas settlers who petitioned Spanish Governor Ulloa in March 1768 for assistance with oxen and plows to grow wheat in the district.  In 1771, he owned 43 head of cattle and 15 horses on 6 arpents of land without title.  In 1774, he was running 120 head of cattle with eight horses and mules and owned 30 swine.  In 1777, his herd had increased to 150 head, and he owned two slaves, 11 horses, and 45 hogs.  By 1788, he owned eight slaves, 300 head of cattle, and 34 horses on 32 arpents of land.  The number of his slaves had increased to 11 by 1796.  Sylvain, père died at Opelousas in January 1801, in his mid-60s.  Most of his seven sons created families of their own and settled in St. Landry and Lafayette parishes. 

Oldest son Sylvain, fils, born at Opelousas in February 1771, married Emilie, called Humile, Humilde, and Melite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux and Anastasie Savoie, at Opelousas in May 1789, and remarried to Judith, daughter of Italian Donat Bello and his Creole wife Susanne Moreau, at Opelousas in December 1802.  Sylvain, fils's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1821.  He died "at the home of Charles Saunier," probably his younger brother, in Lafayette Parish in September 1829.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Sylvain was age 63 when he died, but he was 58.  Eight of his 11 sons by both of his wives created their own families. 

Oldest son Sylvain III, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, born at Opelousas in April 1789, died at age 5 in January 1796.

Sylvan, fils's second son Louis dit Valière, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, born at Opelousas in August 1797, married Denise, daughter of Creoles Pierre Carrière and of St. John the Baptist Parish and Marie Louise Vivarene of Illinois, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in February 1816.  They settled at Bois de Mallet.  Their son Louis, fils was born in November 1816 but died the following March, Sylvain le jeune was born in February 1822, and Valérien in April 1834.  They also had sons named Aurelien and Adrien.  Louis's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in March 1862.  He would have been age 65 that year.  His daughters married Derbonne and Sonnier cousins.  At least two of his five sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Aurelien married first cousin Émeline, called Meline, daughter of French Creole Michel Derbonne and his Acadian wife Melite Sonnier, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1848.  Their son Dutil, also called Agelus and Angelus, was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1851.  Aurelien's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1865. 

Only son Angelus died in St. Landry Parish in January 1867.  The Opelousas priest who recorded the burial said that Angelus died "at age 16 yrs.," but he was only 15 1/2.  His succession record, calling him Agelus, "a minor," was filed at the Opelousas courthouse the following April.  One wonders why a minor would need a succession record.  His father's family line may have died with him. 

Louis dit Valière's second son Adrien married Unibonne, also called Oniléone, daughter of Jean Baptiste Lebleu and his Acadian wife Marguerite Lejeune and widow of Martin Daigle, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1862.  They settled near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish.  Their son Colombe was born in January 1866. 

Sylvain, fils's third son Gilbert, by first wife Emilie Comeaux, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in October 1800, married Louise Céleste, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Babin and Anastasie Melançon, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1826.  Their son Joseph Vileor was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 5 months, less 8 days, in October 1829.  Gilbert remarried to Madeleine Elise, called Elise, daughter of fellow Acadians Valentin Landry and Céleste Bourgeois and widow of Alexandre Breaux, at the St. Martinville church in July 1838.  Their son François Alcide, called Alcide, was born in St. Martin Parish in April 1839 but died at age 1 1/2 in August 1840; Gustave or Augustave was born in December 1840 but died at age 4 1/2 in September 1845; and Charles Numa, called Numa, was born in September 1843 but died at age 2 in October 1847. 

Oldest Joseph Vileor, by first wife Louise Céleste Babin, married Mathilde, daughter of Spanish Creole Joseph Castille and his Acadian wife Céleste LeBlanc, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1849.  Their son Joseph Hertel was born near Breaux Bridge in June 1850, and Jean Derneville in March 1852.  Joseph Vileor remarried to Anglo American Emérante McBride in the 1850s.  Their son Joseph W. was born in Lafayette Parish in January 1859, and Gustave in February 1860. 

 Sylvain, fils's fourth son Joseph le jeune, perhaps by first wife Emilie Comeaux, birth or baptismal date unrecorded, may have died young.  

Sylvain, fils's fifth son Sylvain III, perhaps by first wife Emilie Comeaux, birth or baptismal date unrecorded, the second with the name, took up with Joséphine, also called Josette, daughter of Joseph Bello, in the 1810s, and sanctified the union at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1839.  Their son Sylvain IV was born in St. Landry Parish in February 1818, and Carlos in August 1821.  Sylvain III's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in October 1851. His daughters married into the Carrière, Derbonne, Miller, Rivière, and Sabadie or Savadie families.  

Oldest son Sylvain IV married first cousin Marie Louise, called Louise, 17-year-old daughter of his uncle Louis dit Valière Sonnier and his aunt Denise Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1837.  Their son Valérien Sylvain or Sylvain Valérien was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1840, Carlos le jeune in August 1847, and Joseph Unique in August 1862.  Marie Louise's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in December 1866; she would have been 46 years old that year.  Sylvain IV likely remarried to Marie Ozea, daughter of Sylvain Benoit and Joséphine Belles, at the Eunice church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1869. 

Oldest son Sylvain Valérien, called Sylvain V. by the recording clerk, married Valentine Ygnace Fontenot in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in May 1863.  Their son Arthur Frange was born in St. Landry Parish in December 1865.  Sylvain Valérien, called Valérien by the recording clerk and the recording priest, remarried to Joséphine, daughter of Joel Kinny and Clementine LeBoeuf, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in March 1866, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in April. 

Sylvain, fils's sixth son Donat, by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelousas, age 5, in February 1808, married cousin Émilie, Émilite, Carmelite or Melite Françoise, daughter of Spanish Creole François Casanueva and Brigitte Bello, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1824.  Their son Donat, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1837, and Jean in July 1842.  Their daughter married into the Miller family. 

Only son Donat, fils married French Creole Flavie Lacase probably in St. Landry Parish in the late 1850s or early 1860s.  They settled between Ville Platte and Eunice. Their son Valérien was born in November 1861, Donat III in August 1864, and Donatien in January 1870. 

Sylvain, fils's seventh son Valéry, by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelouasas, age 4, in February 1808, married Arthémise, "natural" daughter of Pierre Carrière and Jacente Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in October 1824.  Their son Valéry, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1829, Paulin in June 1831, Don or Jean Louis Valéry near Grand Coteau in January 1838, and Sylvain le jeune in April 1841.  Their daughters married into the Lacase and Moreau families.  At least three of Valéry's sons seem to have created their own families. 

Oldest son Valéry, fils may have married cousin Zelima Sonnier in the late 1840s. 

Valéry, père's second son Paulin married Marie Gimber.  Their son Olivier Jemes was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1862. 

Valèry, père's third son Don Louis Valéry married Zéolide, daughter of François Ignace Fontenot and Lucie Derouen, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in February 1861.

Sylvain, fils's eighth son Don or Jean Louis, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish in March 1808, married Carmelite, called Émilite and Mélite, daughter of Urbin Carrière and Émilite Lacase, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in November 1827.  Their son Don or Jean Louis, fils was born in October 1837 but may have died in St. Martin Parish at age 12 in October 1849.  Don Louis's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse in December 1854; he would have been 46 years old that year.  His daughters married into the Charlot, Doguet, and McDaniel families. 

Sylvain, fils's ninth Bélisle, also called William B., by second wife Judith Bello, baptized at Opelousas, age 9 months, in September 1812, married Rosaline, 18-year-old daughter of Anglo American William McKay and his Creole wife Françoise Carrière, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1834, and remarried to Éloise or Louise, 19-year-old daughter of Michel Lacase and Éloise Carrière, at the Opelousas church in April 1839.  Their son Charles Bélisle, called Bélisle, fils, was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1846, and Bélisaire in May 1862. 

Older son Bélisle, fils, by second wife Éloise Carrière, married Clementine, daughter of Pierre Mouille and Félicité Durio, at the Eunice church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1870. 

Sylvain, fils's tenth Florian or Floriant, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish in April 1814, married 17-year-old Sephalie, Sephalide, or Syphalide, another daughter of Ursin Carrière and Émilite Lacase, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1834.  Their son Octave was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1837, Gerand in August 1854, and Étienne in March 1861.  Their daughter married into the François family. 

Oldest son Octave married Julienne, Juliana, or Julie, daughter of Jean Louis Miller and Zuline Bello, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in April 1861.  Their son Octave, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1865.  

Sylvain, fils's eleventh and youngest son Léandre, by second wife Judith Bello, born in St. Landry Parish, in February 1837, if he survived childhood probably did not marry. 

Sylvain, père's second son Joseph, born at Opelousas in April 1776, probably died young.

Sylvain, père's third son Étienne, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in August 1779, died at age 1 in August 1780. 

Sylvain, père's fourth son Charles, baptized at Opelousas, age 4 1/2 months, in August 1781, took up with Sophie Bello, perhaps a sister of his older brother Sylvain, fils's second wife, in St. Landry Parish in the early 1800s.  Their "natural son" Charles, fils was born at Opelousas in April 1805 but died at age 14 in July 1819, and Sylvain le jeune was born in December 1807.  Their daughters married into the Richard and Winkler families.  Charles died in Lafayette Parish in September 1853.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Charles died "at age 65 yrs.," but he was closer to 72.  One wonders if, except for its blood, this family line endured.

Sylvain, père's fifth son Leufroi, almost called Godefroi, born at Opelousas in May 1788, married Marie Céleste Carmelite, called Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Charles Comeaux, fils and Perpetué Broussard of Côte Gelée, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in January 1809.  They settled at Côte Gelée and Grand Prairie in what became Lafayette Parish.  Leufroi died in Lafayette Parish in December 1848.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Leufroi died "at age 65 yrs.," but he was "only" 60.  His daughter married into the Chiasson and Richard families.  Four Leufroi's nine sons created their own families; three of them married to Landrys. 

Oldest son Leufroi, fils, born in St. Martin Parish in October 1811, married Françoise Aureline, called Aureline, daughter of fellow Acadians Alexandre Landry and Marie Brasseaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1834.  Their son Symphorien was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 18 months, in May 1840; and Guillaume was born in December 1848.  Their daughter married into the Comeaux family. 

Leufroi, père's second son Éloi le jeune, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1813, married Marie Basilise, called Basilise, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Landry and Françoise Landry, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1834.  Their son Pierre Edgar, called Edgar, was baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 2 months, in April 1835; Jean Hopar or perhaps Azenor at age 6 months in February 1837; Charles le jeune was born in January 1839; Olivier in July 1846; and Euclides in May 1849.  Their daughter married into the Bellaire family. 

Oldest son Edgar married Amelia or Emelia Fabre probably in Lafayette Parish in the late 1850s.  They settled near Youngsville.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in May 1859.  Edgar's succession record was filed at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in February 1870.  He would have been age 35 that year. 

Jean Azenor, perhaps second son Jean Hopar, married Marie Julia Coulard and settled near Patoutville, now Lydia, Iberia Parish, by the late 1860s. 

Élois le jeune's third son Charles le jeune may have married Elizabeth Bellaire at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in January 1861.  They settled on the lower Vermilion.  Their son Albert was born in April 1867. 

Élois le jeune's fourth son Olivier married Léontine, also called Cléontine, daughter of Treville Fabre and his Acadian wife Clementine Broussard, at the Youngsville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1868.  They also settled on the lower Vermilion.  Their son Cléobule was born in January 1869, and Edgar le jeune in November 1870. 

Leufroi, père's third son Charles, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1815, may have died young.

Leufroi, père's fourth son Félix, born in St. Martin Parish in January 1821, may have died young. 

Leufroi, père's fifth son Valéry, born in Lafayette Parish, in January 1824, also may have died young. 

Leufroi, père's sixth son Sosthène, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 1/2 months, in February 1827, died at age 16 in October 1842,

Leufroi, père's seventh son Jacques Euclide, called Euclide, born in Lafayette Parish August 1829, married Eugènie Besida, Lesida, or Resida, daughter of fellows Acadian Éloi Landry and Marie Berthilde Landry, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1853.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in November 1861, and Éloi in December 1866. 

Leufroi, père's eighth son Sevigne, baptized at Vermilionville, age 1, in July 1834, died at age 1 1/2 in March 1835.  

Leufroi, père's ninth and youngerst son Alfred, baptized at Vermilionville, age 3 months, in July 1837, married Marie, Marine, or Maxine Frederick.  They settled on the prairie between Vermilionville and Church Point.  Their son Leufroi le jeune was born in November 1858; Augustave in August 1863; Valéry in September 1864; Jacques le jeune in February 1867; and Albert in July 1869. 

Sylvain, père's sixth son Éloi, born probably at Opelousas in c1791, died in Lafayette Parish in July 1836, age 45.  One wonders if he married.     

Sylvain, père's seventh and youngest son Joseph dit Cadz, born at Opelousas in August 1792, married Marie Adeline, called Julienne, Juliette, and Zéline, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph dit Mines Guidry and Scholastique Hébert of Bayou Vermilion, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1811.  They settled on the Vermilion.  Their daughters married Guidry cousins. Five of Cadz's six sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Charles Émile, born in St. Martin Parish in February 1815, married Carmelite, daughter of fellow Acadians Ursin Hébert and Marguerite Richard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1838.  Their son Ursin Théodule, called Théodule, was born in Lafayette Parish in February 1840; Aurelien in February 1841; Adrien near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in March 1852; and Joseph in Lafayette Parish in February 1854. 

Oldest son Théodule married Marie Coralie, called Coralie, daughter of fellow Acadians Firmin Breaux and Cleorine Richard and widow of Valérien Breause, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in January 1866, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1869. 

Cadz's second son Joseph, fils, born in St. Martin Parish in June 1818, married Carmelite or Camille, daughter of fellow Acadians Leufroi Boudreaux and Marie Hébert, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in February 1837.  Their son Joseph III died in Lafayette Parish at age 12 days in June 1838, and Sevenne was born in December 1842. 

Cadz's third son Eusèbe dit Cadet, born prematurely in St. Martin Parish in November 1822, died at age 3 1/2 in June 1826.

Cadz's fourth son Jean, also called John, born in Lafayette Parish in December 1826, may have married Émelie Fontenot at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1849.  Their son Ignace was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1856.  They were living near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, by the early 1860s. 

Cadz's fifth son Sosthène, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1830, may have married Célestine Natalie, called Natalie, Broussard, in the late 1840s and lived near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, before moving to Bayou Queue de Tortue by the early 1850s.  Their son Joseph Adras was born near Grand Coteau in July 1852. 

Cadz's sixth and youngest son Edward, Eduard, or Edval, born in Lafayette Parish in May 1836, married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of fellow Acadian Alexandre Cormier and his Creole wife Susanne Ledoux, at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1869.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Vermilionville.  Their son Antoine had been born near Church Point in December 1868. 

Olivier (c1752-?) à Louis Sonnier

Olivier, son of probably Étienne Saulnier and his second wife Anne Darois, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1752, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and was taken to the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up at prisoners of war in Nova Scotia.  British officials counted his family at Halifax in August 1763.  Olivier came to Louisiana from Halifax in 1765 with older half-brother Sylvain and followed him to the Opelousas District.  Olivier's succession record was filed at what became the Opelousas courthouse in August 1775, though a census at Opelousas in May 1777 counted him as a bachelor who owned no slaves, 15 head of cattle, and four horses.  Olivier does not seem to have married. 

Joseph (c1756-1820) à Louis Sonnier

Joseph, son of Étienne Saulnier and his second wife Anne Darois, was born in Acadia in c1756 during exile.  He and his family found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore but ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia.  British officials counted them at Halifax in August 1763.  Joseph came to Louisiana in 1765 with an older sister and followed her to the Opelousas prairies.  Spanish officials counted him at Opelousas in 1771 with the family of sister Françoise, wife of Pierre Thibodeaux.  By 1774, while still a young bachelor living alone, he owned five head of cattle and three horses and mules.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Thibodeaux and Madeleine Broussard, at Attakapas in January 1779.  They settled on Prairie Bellevue, south of present-day Opelousas.  In 1788, Joseph owned 10 head of cattle and 30 horses on 13 arpents of land at Bellevue.  In the early 1800s, he and Marie lived to Grand Prairie, now downtown Lafayette; at La Butte between Lafayette and Breaux Bridge on upper Bayou Vermilion; and then at Carencro at the northern edge of the old Attakapas District.  Their daughters married into the Chiasson, Constantin, Dugas, and Guilbert families.  Joseph died at Carencro, then in St. Martin Parish, in October 1820.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 60 when he died, but he was closer to 64.  Most of his six sons created families of their own and settled in St. Martin and Lafayette parishes. 

Oldest son Joseph dit Padillau, also called Joseph, fils, baptized at Opelousas, age 6 months, in August 1781, married Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadians Louis Arceneaux and Anne Braud of St. James Parish, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in November 1818.  They settled at Carencro.  Joseph, fils died probably at Carencro in September 1829, a widower; he was only 49 years old; his succession records were filed at the Vermilionville courthouse later that month. 

Older son Joseph Rosémond, called Rosémond, was born in August 1819 but died at age 11 months in July 1820.

Padillau's second son Achille or Alcide, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age unrecorded, in August 1825, married Marguerite Cléonide or Cléonise, daughter of Joseph Allegre and his Acadian wife Marie Denise Cormier, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1842.  Their son Joseph le jeune was born in St. Martin Parish in October 1845; and Omar or Aymar, also called Ernest, near Breaux Bridge in February 1849.  Alcide's succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse in April 1849.  He would have been in his mid-20s that year.  Both of his sons created their own families. 

Older son Joseph le jeune married Julie, daughter of fellow Acadians Duclise Broussard and Célestine Broussard, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1868.  Their son Alcide was born near Breaux Bridge in January 1869. 

Achille's younger son Aymar, called Eymar by the recording priest, married cousin Aline, daughter of fellow Acadian Théogène Melançon and his Creole wife Cléophine Allegre, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in December 1869. 

Joseph, père's second son Jean-Baptiste, called Baptiste, born at Attakapas in March 1785, married Marie Clémence, called Clémence, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Athanase Breaux and of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1810.  They settled at Prairie Basse near Carencro.  Jean Baptiste died probably at Carencro in November 1827, age 42.  His daughters married into the Breaux and Guidry families.  Four of his seven sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Hippolyte Bienvenu or Bienvenu Hippolyte, born near Carencro in March 1813, Angélique, daughter of French Canadian Joseph Primeaux and widow of ____ Newman, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1847.  The priest noted in the marriage record that Angélique's first husband was "an unbaptized American," and that "She was in danger of death and was living with this man [Hippolyte] for 5 years."  Their son Théodule le jeune was born near Grand Coteau in February 1845 but died at age 7 1/2 in November 1852, Hippolyte, fils was born in February 1847, and Joseph Alexandre in April 1851.  Their daughter may have married into the Domingue family.  Hippolyte remarried to Spanish Creole Carmelite Dominguez, widow of Éloi Mouton, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in November 1854. 

Second son Hippolyte, fils may have married Louisa Brisco, Briscoe, or Briscau.  Their son Hippolyte Bienvenu le jeune was born near Grand Coteau in November 1866, and Onésime in February 1868 but died "at age 7 days." 

Baptiste's second son Joseph Théodule, called Théodule, born near Carencro in April 1817, married Marie Valsaine or Valsene, daughter of fellow Acadian Augustin Leger and and his Creole wife Merante Meche, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1842.  They settled near Carencro.  Their son Augustin Ernest was born in September 1844, Joseph Honoré in September 1849, and Jules in June 1853 but died at age 9 in November 1862.  Their daughters married into the Colligan or Collogan, Fale or Fall, and Richard families. 

Baptiste's third son Jean dit Euclide, born near Carencro in June 1819, died in Lafayette Parish in May 1838, age 18.  He did not marry. 

A succession record for Baptiste's fourth son Pierre Mortimer, born near Carencro in May 1822, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in December 1865.  He would have been age 43 that year.  One wonders if he married. 

Baptiste's fifth son Cyprien, born near Carencro in August 1824, married cousin Céleste Anathalie or Nathalie, daughter of fellow Acadians Julien Comeaux and Céleste Breaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in November 1849.  Their son Joseph Clairfait was born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in January 1852.  Cyprien remarried to Élisabeth, daughter of Anglo Creole John Caruthers or Credeur and his Acadian wife and his Acadian wife Adélaïde Hébert and widow of Oscar Chiasson, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in March 1864.  Their son Marc was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1865, and Euchariste in March 1867.  Cyprien died in Lafayette Parish in September 1870; the Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial said that Cyprien died "at age 45 yrs.," but he was 46.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in October. 

Baptiste's sixth son Sylvestre Lucain died at age 7 days in November 1826.  

Baptiste's seventh and youngest son Simon Eugène, called Eugène, born posthumously in January 1828, married Marie Euzèide or Merida, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Rosémond Breaux and Calixte Arceneaux, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1855.  Their son, name unrecorded, died in Lafayette Parish "shortly after birth" in September 1856; and Alexandre Adam was born in July 1859.  Eugène remarried to Euphrosine, daughter of fellow Acadians Rosémond Mouton and Estelle Comeaux, at the Vermilionville church in February 1868. 

Joseph, père's third son Placide, born probably at Opelousas in c1789, married Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Dugas and Marie Duhon of La Butte, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1813.  They settled at La Butte and Grand Prairie.  Placide died in Lafayette Parish in April 1835, age 46.  His daughters married into the Cart, Hernandez, and Trahan families. His two older sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Joseph Léonard, born in St. Martin Parish in June 1818, married Céleste or Célestine, 18-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Antoine Hébert and Céleste Trahan, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1837.  Their son Placide le jeune was born in St. Landry Parish in March 1845, and Pierre near Grand Coteau in December 1859.  Their daughters married into the Breaux and Trahan families. 

Older son Placide le jeune married Odalie, daughter of Firmar, perhaps Firmin, Fuselier, at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in February 1868.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Eunice. 

Placide's second son Gédéon, born in St. Martin Parish in August 1820, married Célestine, 15-year-old daughter of Anglo American William Berwick and his Acadian wife Céleste Lejeune, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1839.  Their son Gédéon, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in April 1843, and Valentin in November 1848.  Their daughter married into the Breaux family.  Gédéon remarried to Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Doucet and Carmelite Richard, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in June 1856. 

Older son Gédéon, fils married Adélaïde, called Délaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Onésime LeBlanc and Adélaïde Landry, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in November 1867, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in April 1869.  They settled on the prairie between Church Point and Grand Coteau.  Their son Joseph Alceus was born in February 1869, and Adam Jean in November 1870. 

Placide's third son Jean died a day after his birth in St. Martin Parish in June 1825. 

Placide's fourth and youngest son François died at age 3 weeks in St. Martin Parish in August 1826. 

Joseph, père's fourth son Alexandre, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in July 1790, died "at his parents' home" at La Butte in January 1809.  He was only 18 years old and probably did not marry. 

Joseph, père's fifth son Pierre, born probably at Opelousas in the early 1790s, married Marie Adélaïde, called Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Dugas and Geneviève Robichaux of La Butte, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in October 1813.  They settled at La Butte and then at Grand Prairie, now downtown Lafayette.  Pierre died in Lafayette Parish in November 1850.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Pierre died "at age 70 yrs."  At least two of his eight sons created their own families. 

Their oldest son, name unrecorded, died at age 1 month in St. Martin Parish in November 1816.

Pierre's second son Pierre Hermas or Darmas, called Darmas, born in St. Martin Parish in May 1822, married cousin Julie or Julienne, daughter of fellow Acadians Célestin Dugas and Julie Chiasson, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in April 1840.  Their son Placide le jeune was born probably in Lafayette Parish in c1847, Alfred in June 1853, and Pierre, fils in November 1860. 

Oldest son Placide le jeune died in Lafayette Parish in November 1863, age 16. One wonders if his death was war-related.   

Pierre's third son Jean Moléon, born in Lafayette Parish in May 1824, died at age 4 1/2 in March 1829.

Pierre's fourth son Narcisse, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 months, in May 1827, died at age 2 in March 1829. 

Pierre's fifth son Joseph le jeune, born in Lafayette Parish in June 1829, died at age 1 1/2 in September 1830. 

Piere's sixth son Norbert, baptized at the Vermilionville church, age 4 months, in March 1831, married cousin Zoe, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Anaclet Richard and Carmelite Sonnier, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in September 1859. 

Pierre's seventh son Maximilien, born in Lafayette Parish in February 1833, may have died young. 

Pierre's eighth and youngest son Treville died in Lafayette Parish at age 3 months in August 1834.

Joseph, père's sixth and youngest son Cyrille, baptized at Attakapas, age 8 months, in May 1795, married Susanne, called Susette, 16-year-old daughter of Anglo Creole Thomas Parr and his Acadian wife Marie Melançon, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in May 1822.  Cyrille died in Lafayette Parish in April 1859.  The Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Cyrille died "at age 63 yrs."  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in August.  At least seven of his 13 sons created their own families. 

Oldest son Cyrille, fils, born in Lafayette Parish in July 1823, died at age 2 in September 1825,

Cyrille, père's second son Pierre le jeune, born in Lafayette Parish in March 1825, also may have died young. 

Cyrille, père's third son Antoine, also called Éloi, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1826, married Sylvanie, also called Eleonie, daughter of fellow Acadians Joachim Dugas and Marguerite Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in June 1848.  Their son Antoine Numa was born in Lafayette Parish November 1854, and Joachim in April 1862. 

Cyrille, père's fourth son Louis, born in Lafayette Parish in April 1828, Emelia, called Melia, daughter of fellow Acadians Théovide Broussard and Marie Arthémise Hébert, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1849.  Their son Alcides was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1850, Paul Arthur in June 1854, and Élois in November 1870. 

Cyrille, père's fifth son Siméon or Simon, born in Lafayette Parish in February 1830, married Marie Rosalie, called Rosalie, daughter of Pierre Domingue and Marie Josèphine Hernandez and widow of Pierre A. Domingue, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1861.  Their son Joseph Numa was born in Lafayette Parish in June 1862, Edgar in October 1865 but died at age 2 in November 1867, and Amédé was born in March 1870.

Cyrille, père's sixth son Basile, also called Baptiste, born in Lafayette Parish in October 1831, married Philomène, daughter of François Guilbert and Émilie Begnaud, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1854.  Their son Honoré was born in Lafayette Parish in December 1855, and Théophile in February 1868. 

Cyrille, père's seventh son Joseph, born in Lafayette Parish in June 1833, died at age 1 in June 1834.

Cyrille, père's eighth son Olivier, born in Lafayette Parish in March 1835, died at age 18 months in September 1836.

Cyrille, père's ninth son Émile, born in Lafayette Parish, died, age unrecorded, in December 1835.

Cyrille, père's tenth son Thomas Estel, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 3 months, in January 1837, may have married Marcellite Riggs in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in December 1870. 

Cyrille, père's eleventh son Paulin was born in Lafayette Parish in August 1840.

Cyrille, père's twelvth son Alexandre, born in Lafayette Parish in August 1841, married Marie Emelise, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Chiasson and Julie Dugas, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in January 1861.  Their son Cyrille Esseus was born in Lafayette Parish in April 1866, and Julien Eucharis in October 1868.   

Cyrille, père's thirteenth and youngest son Marcel, born in Lafayette Parish in January 1844, married Marie Constance, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Louvière and Séraphine Delphine Broussard, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1866. 

.

A second set of Saulner brothers reached New Orleans from Halifax later in 1765 and went not to the western prairies but to an established Acadian settlement on the river above New Orleans: 

Joseph (c1739-1812) à Pierre à Louis Sonnier

Joseph, elder son of Pierre Saulnier, fils and Madeleine Haché-Gallant, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1739, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  He may have married a fellow Acadian by then.  He and two of his siblings came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765 and settled at Cabahannocer above New Orleans.  Spanish officials counted him with widowed sister Anne and two nieces on the left, or east, bank of the river at Cabahannocer in 1766.  He married, or remarried to, fellow Acadian Marie Landry, widow of Alexis Granger, at Cabahannocer in November 1767.  They were living on the east bank of the river there in 1769.  Eight years later, in January 1777, he and his family were still living on the east bank of the river at Cabahannocer, but by then he was a widower.  His daughter by wife Marie married into the Bourgeois family.  Joseph remarried to fellow Acadian Marie Breaux, widow of Amand Richard, at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in August 1777.  In 1779, they held three slaves on their holding along the river.  Their daughter married into the Lanoux family.  Joseph died in St. James Parish in December 1812.  The priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was age 82 when he died, but he was closer to 72.  His older son's line did not survive.  His younger son settled on Bayou Lafourche and created a third center of family settlement.  They were, in fact, the only Sonniers to settle there during the antebellum period. 

Older son Donat, by first or second wife Marie Landry, perhaps also called Simon, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in July 1773, may have married Françoise, a woman whose surname has been lost to history, probably at St.-Jacques in the late 1790s or early 1800s.  Their son, name and age unrecorded, died at St.-Jacques in October 1806.  Simon's wife died the next day, age 35.  Simon himself died at St.-Jacques in April 1807.  The priest who recorded his burial did not give Simon's parents' names, mention his wife, or give his age at the time of his death, but this probably was him.  One wonders if his family line survived.

Joseph's younger son Joseph-Édouard, called Édouard, by second or third wife Marie Breaux, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in May 1780, married Denise, also called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Charles Arceneaux and Marie-Josèphe Babin, at St.-Jacques in February 1799.  Most of their children were born in what became St. James Parish.  They moved to Bayou Lafourche in the early 1820s, creating a third center of family settlement, and were the last of the Acadian Sonniers to abandon the river settlements.  Édouard died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1842.  The Thibodaux priest who recorded his burial said that Édouard died "at age 64 to 65 yrs.," but he was closer to 62.  His daughters married into the Authement and Bourg families.  Four of his six sons created their own families, but at least one line did not survive. 

Oldest son Joseph le jeune, born at St.-Jacques in December 1802, married Marie Josette or Rosette, daughter of François Percle and Marie Triche, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in February 1827.  Their son Joseph Omere was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in August 1830 but died at age 3 in October 1833; Édouard or Jean Amédée was born in December 1832 but died at age 1 in October 1833; Zéphirin Aristide, called Aristide, was born in Ascension Parish in August 1834; and Joseph Léonidas in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1836 but died at age 1 in December 1837.  Their daughters married into the Lasseigne and LeBlanc families. 

Third son Aristide married Honorine, daughter of Henri Lirette and his Acadian wife Marie Breaux, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in December 1851.  Their son Joseph Alcide, called Alcide, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1852.  Aristide, père died in Lafourche Parish in September 1853 "during [a] yellow fever epidemic,"age 19.  A "petition for tutorship" for his son was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse in July 1855, and a "family meeting" was held at the Houma courthouse, Terrebonne Parish, in March 1856.  Aristide, père's daughter Victorine Ernestine was born posthumously in March 1854. 

Édouard's second son Jean Baptiste le jeune, born at St.-Jacques in October 1804, died at age 1 1/2 in January 1806.

Édouard's third son Simon le jeune, born in St. James Parish in c1812, died near Convent, St. James Parish, at age 3 in July 1815. 

Édouard's fourth son Marcellin or Onésime, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in September 1814, married Anne Marie, daughter of Antoine Vicknair and Dolothe Cuvillier and widow of Pierre Lasseigne, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in December 1846.  Onésime died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1847, age 33. A "petition for administrator" in his name was filed at the Thibodaux courthouse in May 1848.  He and his wife had no children, or least none who appear in local church records, so his line of the family probably died with him. 

Édouard's fifth son Julien or Jules, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in May 1819, married Euphrosine, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Breaux and Marie Félicité Richard, at the Thibodaux in June 1855. 

Édouard's sixth and youngest son Jean Charles, called Charles, born near Convent, St. James Parish, in November 1821, married Marie Rosalie, called Rosalie, another daughter of Joseph Breaux and Marie Félicité Richard, at the Thibodaux church in September 1846.  Their son Joseph Édouard Octave, called Octave, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1849; Édouard Timothée or Timothée Édouard in October 1851 but died at age 1 in December 1852; Adam Arthur was born in November 1853; and Édouard Clinton in February 1861.  Their daughter married into the Bergeron family. 

Oldest son Octave married Marie Célestine, called Célestine, daughter of Zenon Roussel and Carmelite Grégoire, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in April 1869; the marriage also was registered in Terrebonne Parish.  Their son Joseph was born in Lafourche Parish in February 1870. 

Jean-Baptiste (c1746-?) à Pierre à Louis Sonnier

Jean-Baptiste, called Jean, younger son of Pierre Saulnier, fils and Madeleine Haché-Gallant, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1746, escaped the British roundup of 1755 and found refuge on the Gulf of St. Lawrence shore.  He and his family ended up as prisoners of war in Nova Scotia in the early 1760s.  Jean and two of his siblings came to Louisiana from Halifax via St.-Domingue in 1765 and settled at Cabahannocer.  Spanish officials counted him on the right, or west, bank of the river there in 1766 and on the left, or east, bank of the river in 1769.  He married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadians Abraham Roy and his first wife Anne Aubois, at St.-Jacques of Cabahannocer in May 1773.  They were still living on the east bank of the river there in 1777.  A daughter, born in August 1784, was baptized at New Orleans the following March.  The family was living on upper Bayou Lafourche in the late 1780s and early 1790s, the first Acadian Sonniers to settle there, but few, if any, of their children remained on the bayou.  Their daughters married into the Cuvillier, Duval, Henrique, Martin, and Nopper families; most of them settled on the western prairies.  Jean-Baptiste's two sons, like his daughters, followed their Roy relatives to the western prairies and settled on Bayou Teche.

Older son Jean-Baptiste, fils, baptized at St.-Jacques, age unrecorded, in August 1776, married Adélaïde, daughter of fellow Acadians Come LeBlanc and Isabelle Broussard of Fausse Pointe, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in June 1813.  They remained on Bayou Teche.  Their daughters married into the Broussard and Daniel families.  Two of Jean-Bapitste, fils's four sons created their own families, but only one of the family lines seems to have endured. 

Oldest son Marcellin, born in St. Martin Parish in March 1814, married cousin Marie Azélie, called Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadians Raphaël Broussard and Modeste LeBlanc, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in August 1834.  They settled near New Iberia.  Their son Philemon was born in July 1839; and Marcellin, fils in November 1840.  Marcellin remarried to Sidalise Dubois.  Their son Joseph Adam was born in St. Martin Parish in February 1853; Jean Baptiste le jeune in September 1854 but died at age 7 in November 1861; Jean Cibley, perhaps Sibley, called Cibley, was born in December 1862 but died at age 4 1/2 in September 1867; Paul Jefferson Davis, called Davis, was born in December 1864 but died at age 2 1/2 in May 1867; and Pierre Noël was born in December 1867. 

Jean-Baptiste, fils's second son, name and age unrecorded, died "at the home of [Scotsman John] Martin, his [Jean-Baptiste, fils's] brother-in-law [husband of sister Françoise] at L'île Labbé," in St. Martin Parish in January 1818. 

Jean-Baptiste, fils's third son Jean Onésime, called Onésime, born in St. Martin Parish in September 1819, married cousin Louise, also called Marie Elisa, Sonnier, at the St. Martinville church in November 1841.  Their son Jean Baptiste le jeune was born in St. Martin Parish in July 1847 but died at age 1 in October 1848.  One wonders if the family line survived.   

Jean-Baptiste, fils's fourth and youngest son Jean Baptiste III, born in St. Martin Parish in September 1825, died at age 3 1/2 in March 1829. 

Jean-Baptiste, père's younger son Jean-L'Esprit, born at Ascension in July 1791, married Félicité, daughter of French Creole Louis Saucier, probably in the 1820s.  They, too, settled on Bayou Teche.  Their only son created his own family there. 

Jean, fils, perhaps also called Jean Azenor or Azenor Jean, born in St. Martin Parish in April 1828, may have married Élizabeth, daughter of Gilbert Amy and his Acadian wife Élizabeth Landry, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in February 1861, remarried to Marie Julia Coulard, and settled near Patoutville, now Lydia, Iberia Parish, by the late 1860s. 

Talbot

Templet

Thériot

Thibodeaux

Trahan

Usé

Villejoin

This family came late to greater Acadia, and they were among the last Acadians who emigrated to Louisiana.  Moreover, the Rousseau de Villejoins were far from typical Acadians.  None of them helped build aboiteaux on the edge of the salt marshes lining the Bay of Fundy.  They lived, instead, on Newfoundland, Île Royale, and Île St.-Jean, but they were not simple fishermen or boat builders or even prominent merchants there.  As their name implies, they were proud descendants of French nobility.  They served in the Maritime garrisons as military officers, some of them chevaliers of the order of St.-Louis, and one of them was commandant of Île St.-Jean at the beginning of Le Grand Dérangement.  Their noble status did not spare them from the tragedy of the Great Upheaval.  Back in France, to which they were forcibly deported, they again served their monarch as military commanders.  The former commandant of Île St.-Jean, in fact, rose to the rank of general, and his eldest son became governor of a French island in the West Indies. 

Gabriel-Louis, son of Gabriel Rousseau, sieur de la Gorre et de Villejoin, gentlehomme servant son altesse royale Gaston de France, and Dame Marie Baudron, was born at St.-Honoré, Blois, France, in c1683.  Gabriel-Louis inherited his father's title, sieur de Villejoin, and served as an officer in the troupes de la marine at Fort-Louis, Plaisance.  Gabriel-Louis married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Sr. François Bertrand, colonel of militia and a member of the Order of St.-Louis, and Jeanne Giraudet, at Plaisance in April 1708.  Their wedding must have been a big affair; Newfoundland governor Pastour de Costebelle and dozens of other distinguished guests witnessed the ceremony.  Marie-Josèphe gave Sr. Gabriel-Louis six children, at least two sons and three daughters, including two sons who married daughters of fellow French aristocrats and who also were their cousins.  Two of Gabriel-Louis's daughters married into the Le Coutre de Bourville and Tarride du Haget families at Louisbourg on Île Royale.  Two of his sons married.  Gabrie-Louis served not only at Plaisance, Newfoundland, but also at the French citadel of Louisbourg and at Port-La-Joye on Île St.-Jean, where died in September 1718, in his mid-30s.  Gabriel-Louis and Marie-Josèphe's descendants served or settled at Louisbourg and on Île St.-Jean.  Needless to say, members of this family were not "typical" Fundy Acadians.  Gabriel-Louis's older son Gabriel de Villejoin, fils married Anne-Angélique, daughter of Louis-Joseph de Gannes de Falaise and Marguerite Le Neuf de La Vallière, at Louisbourg in January 1733, and remarried to Barbe, daughter of Michel Le Neuf de La Vallière and Renée Bertrand and widow of Louis Delort, at Louisbourg in December 1753.  Gabriel, fils, like his maternal grandfather, became a chevalier of the Order of St. Louis.  He died at St.-Jean-d'Angély, Aunis, France, in November 1781, age 72, after serving the King as a brigadier.  Gabriel-Louis's younger son Michel d'Orfontaine married Angélique, another daughter of Michel Le Neuf de Vallière and Renée Bertrand, at Port-La-Joye, Île St.-Jean, in May 1757, on the eve of the islands' Grand Dérangement.

Living in territory controlled by France, the Rousseau de Villejoins and Rousseau d'Orfontaines escaped the roundup of the Acadians in British Nova Scotia in the fall of 1755.  Gabriel-Louis and Marie-Josèphe's older son Gabriel, fils, in fact, had been commandant of Île St.-Jean for a year when Governor Lawrence and the colonial council in Halifax ordered the deportations.  Three years earlier, in 1752, a French official had counted 2,223 inhabitants on Île St.-Jean, up from 735 four years earlier.  It was Gabriel Rousseau de Villejoin's sad duty, as commandant of island, to care for the hundreds of Acadian refugees who fled to Île St.-Jean in the autumn and winter of 1755, most of them with little more than the shirts on their backs.  (The entire population of Cobeguit, for instance, escaped to Île St.-Jean that autumn when they heard the British were rounding up their fellow Acadians north and west of them.)  Governor-General Vaudreuil at Québec did his best to send relief to the island.  In an August 1756 letter to the Minister of Marine, Vaudreuil painted a dismal picture of conditions on the island:  "Misery is great on Île Saint Jean," he wrote.  "Most of the inhabitants are without bread, M. de Villejoin having fed 1,257 refugees since last autumn."  That same year, Commandant Villejoin informed the governor that there were now 4,400 Acadians on the overcrowded island! 

But the suffering of the Acadians on Île St.-Jean had only just begun.  After the fall of the French fortress at Louisbourg in July 1758, the victorious British rounded up most of the inhabitants on the island and deported them to France.  Commandant Villejoin and his family did not escape the deportation.  They crossed on one of the five British transports that left the Gut of Canso in late November 1758 and reached St.-Malo in late January 1759.  Gabriel and his wife Barbe Le Neuf de La Vallière survived the crossing, but their 18-month-old son Louis-Melchior died at sea.  Younger brother Michel, his wife Angélique Le Neuf de La Vallière, and their family also were deported to France, from Île Royale. 

Most of the island Acadians exiled to France languished in the nation's port cities, relying largely on the King's charity to feed their families.  Not so the Rousseau de Villejoins.  Their status as nobles and their good service in greater Acadia led to promotions, not poverty.  In 1760, a year after he and his family returned to France, Gabriel became commandant des troupes des colonies at Rochefort.  When the war with Britain finally ended and there were no more colonial troops in North America to administer, Gabriel was named governor of Île de la Désirade, Guadeloupe, in the French Antilles, in 1763.  Fives years later, after Désirade came under the governorship of Guadeloupe, Gabriel returned to France, where he was appointed brigadier des armées du roi.  He died at St.-Jean-d'Angély, Aunis, France, in November 1781, in his early 70s.  Meanwhile, Gabriel's younger brother Michel sieur d'Orfontaine served as capitaine dans les troupes nationales in Guiana, South America, before retiring from the King's service in 1765. He died probably in France after1789, in his 70s. 

Gabriel-Michel, called Michel, Gabriel, fils's second son by his first wife Anne-Angélique de Gannes de Falaise, had fought in greater Acadia during the war with Britain while in his 20s.  In the late 1760s, Michel emigrated to French St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, probably from France.  Like his father and grandfather, he served as an officer in both the militia and the King's forces.  During his long military career, he was lieutenant pour le roi and capitaine aide-major des milices du quartier at Cayes du Fond and major commandant pour le roi at Tiburon on the island.  He married Anne-Félicité, called Félicité, daughter of Joseph-Cyprien Reynaud, a prominent planter and militia officer, and Marthe Nicolas, at Cayes du Fond, today's Les Cayes, on the southwest coast of the island in October 1771.  Michel and Félicité had at least three children, including two sons.  Michel was still alive when the slave revolt in St.-Domingue erupted in 1791.  He died at Les Cayes in February 1799, age 65.  His family left St.-Domingue probably soon after his death.  At least three of his children--sons Louis-Joseph, called Joseph, and Grégoire-Michel, both unmarried; and married daughter Marie-Josèphine, wife of ____ Salle or Salleo of France and Haiti--emigrated to Louisiana from Haiti via Cuba perhaps in 1809 with hundreds of other Haitian refugees.  They chose to settle not at New Orleans with the great majority of their fellow exiles but on the western prairies, where they called themselves Villejoin, not Rousseau.  The family's noble de also disappeared in republican Louisiana. 

Gabriel-Michel's children would have been considered French Creole or Foreign French by their Acadian neighbors though his family had lived in greater Acadia.  Older son Joseph, age 37 in 1809, evidently did not marry.  Younger son Grégoire Michel married a French Creole in 1812 in what was then St. Martin Parish and settled at Côte Gelée near present-day Broussard.  One of his sons created a family of his own and settled on the prairie west of Vermilionville.  Although the family had lived in the old Attakapas District for decades, no Villejoin appears in the federal slave census schedules for 1850 and 1860.  Nor does a Villejoin appear in Confederate service records during the War of 1861-65.  The family remained a small one.  According to a descendant, the Villejoins today consider themselves Cajuns, and "the surname is often still found from Vermillion westward," especially in the Kaplan/Crowley area of Vermilion and Acadia parishes.10

Grégoire-Michel (1777-1847) à Gabriel, fils à Gabriel de Villejoin

Grégoire-Michel, son of Gabriel-Michel Rousseau de Villejoin and Anne-Félicité Reynaud of Les Cayes, French St.-Domingue, in June 1777, the son of a well-to-do planter and military officer.  Grégoire-Michel was a teenager when the Haitian slave revolt broke out in the early 1790s.  Later in the decade or in the early 1800s, he and his family fled to Cuba or Jamaica to escape the violence in Haiti.  Grégoire and two of his older siblings likely were among the thousands of Haitian refugees whom the Spanish deported to New Orleans in 1809.  He would have been age 32 that year and was still a bachelor.  In Louisiana, he used his family's seigneurial name, not its surname Rousseau, as he probably had done in Haiti, but he did not use the noble de; he was simply Grégoire Villejoin, a reflection, perhaps, of his residence in a republic, not a royal colony.  At age 35, Grégoire married Marguerite, daughter of Jean Baptiste Jeannot and his Acadian wife Madeleine Hébert of Carencro, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in July 1812.  They settled at Côte Gelée, which became part of the newly-created Lafayette Parish in 1823.  Like his noble ancestors, Grégoire must have been a shaker and a mover in his community.  In the 1820s, he served as the first sheriff of Lafayette Parish.  A succession record in his name was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, in August 1833.  He died at New Orleans in May 1847, age 69.  His daughters married into the Istre and LaFosse families, and perhaps into the Miller family as well.  Only his older son created a family of his own, but the line survived on the western prairies. 

Older son Prosper, born probably at Côte Gelée in May 1813, married Clementine LaFosse probably in the 1830s. They settled near Carencro at the northern edge of the old Attakapas District.  Their son Joseph Alcide was born in the late 1830s or early 1840s, and Prosper, fils in May 1854.  Their daughter married into the Caruthers or Credeur and Cormier families. 

Older son Joseph Alcide married Adeline, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Lejeune, fils and Adeline Hébert, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in August 1860, and sanctified the marriage at the Church Point church, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in July 1867.  They settled probably near Church Point. Their son Émile was born in September 1861. 

Grégoire Michel's younger son Paulin, born at Côte Gelée in August 1817, may have died young. 

Vincent

 

BOOK ONE:        French Acadia

BOOK TWO:        British Nova Scotia

BOOK THREE:     Families, Migration, and the Acadian "Begats"

BOOK FOUR:      The French Maritimes

BOOK FIVE:        The Great Upheaval

BOOK SIX:          The Acadian Immigrants of Louisiana

BOOK SEVEN:     French Louisiana

BOOK EIGHT:      A New Acadia

BOOK NINE:        The Bayou State

BOOK ELEVEN:  The Non-Acadian "Cajun" Families of South Louisiana

BOOK TWELVE:  Acadians in Gray

 

 SOURCE NOTES - BOOK TEN-A

09.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Calcasieu, Lafayette, St. Landry, & St. Martin parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Lafayette, St. Landry, & St. Martin parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 494, 909-28, 2221-22, 2275-76, 2297, 2463-66; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 1:130; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 9; Brasseaux, Founding of New Acadia, 142, 205-06; Brasseaux, ed., Quest for the Promised Land, 16, 114-15, 128; <thecajuns.com>, "Acadians Who Arrived in New Orleans in 1764"; La Famille Cormier genealogy database; Faragher, A Great & Noble Scheme, 430-31; Griffin, Attakapas Country, 72; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 3, 84-86, 332; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6; "Mi'kmaq Families at St. George Bay," AGE, May 2008, 44; Milling, Exile Without End, 41-42; NOAR, vols. 4, 7; Oubre, Vacharie, 68-69; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family No. 51; Robichaux, Acadian in St. Malo, 213-14, 277; U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907; West, Atlas of LA Surnames, 52-53, 160; Stephen A. White, "Cormier, Pierre, in DCB, online; White, DGFA-1, 400-10; White, DGFA-1 English, 89-92; Books One, Three, Five, Six, & Eight; Cormier family page. 

10.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 1698, 1966-67, 2138; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 392; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <lagenealogy.net/RousseauVillejoin.aspx>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 53; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 777; Andrew Rodger, "Rousseau de Villejouin (Villejoin, Villejoint), Gabriel," in DCB, online; <rootsweb.ancestry.com/~htiwgw/familles/fiches/004820.htm>; White, DGFA-1, 1070, 1422-23; Books Four, Five, Six, & Eight; Villejoin family page. 

Interestingly, Grégoire-Michel Villejoin's hometown, Le Cayes, Haiti, also is the birth place of John James Audubon, the famous ornithologist & painter, who was born at Les Cayes (birth name Jean Rabin) in Apr 1785. 

66.  See Arsenault, Généalogie, 1285-88, 1569-72, 2585-88; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5 (rev.), 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:107, 132; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 402-03, 589; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 249, 251, 307-08, 310-13, 315-20, 322; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 11-12; White, DGFA-1, 1446-51; White, DGFA-1 English, 304-05; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Sonnier family page.

72.  See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Assumption, Lafourche Interior, St. Landry, & St. James parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, St. Landry & St. James parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 554-61, 964-76, 1386-87, 1658, 2232-34, 2278-79, 2339, 2490; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 3:122; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:56, 85, 102, 164-65; "Fort Cumberland, 24 Aug 1763"; "Fort Edward, 1761-62"; Hall, W., 26th LA Infantry, 225; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 98-99, 106-07; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 147-49; Hébert, South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Menn, Large Slaveholders of LA, 1760, 352, 355-56; NOAR, vol. 2; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family Nos. 2, 14, 45; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 28; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 41; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 187, 228; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 178-79, 334-37; White, DGFA-1, 666-86; White, DGFA-1 English, 139-44; Books One, Three, Four, Six, & Eight; Gaudet family page. 

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