Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s
Philippe Pinet was born at Port-Royal in c1654 to a father whose first name and birthplace have been lost to history and who died soon after Philippe was born. Philippe's mother was Anne-Marie, born in c1631; her family name also is lost to us. Acadian genealogist Bona Arsenault contends that Anne-Marie was a métisse, or half-breed. Soon after her husband's death in c1655, Anne-Marie remarried to René Rimbault, an early settler of the colony who raised Philippe with his own children by Anne-Marie. Philippe Pinet can be found in the first Acadian census of 1671 as Philippe Rimbault, but by the census of 1686 he was using his biological father's surname. In c1678, probably at Port-Royal, Philippe married Catherine, daughter of Étienne Hébert and Marie Gaudet. Soon after their marriage, Philippe and Catherine moved to Chignecto and then to the new Acadian settlement in the Minas Basin, where they raised a dozen children, including six sons who created families of their own. Five of their daughters married into the Corporon, Doucet dit Lirlandois, LeBlanc dit Jasmin, Jacquemin dit Lorrain, and Simon dit Boucher families. Philippe had died by June 1714, when his widow and four of their children took a vessel from Minas to Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, to look at land there. Catherine then sailed on to Canada, where her oldest son had settled.
Oldest son Jean, born probably at Port-Royal in c1680, married Marie, daughter of Pierre Morin and widow of Jacques Cochu, at Québec in February 1710. Jean remained at Québec, where he died at the Hôpital général in July 1744, in his mid 60s. He and Marie had no children.
Antoine, born at Chignecto in October 1682, became a carpenter. He married Marguerite, daughter of André Célestin dit Bellemère, at Grand-Pré in April 1709, but they did not remain there. Antoine died at Louisbourg on Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, in September 1738, age 56. He and Marguerite had 10 children, including a son, Alexis, born at Louisbourg, who married Marie-Anne, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Gaffé, at Québec in November 1750. Three of their daughters married into the Ballé, Bouillé, Arnoux, and Harnois families in Canada and on Île Royale.
Noël, born at Minas in August 1683, married Rose, daughter of Robert Henry, at Grand-Pré in September 1710. Noël also was a carpenter, as well as a sailor and a farmer. He and his family also were well-traveled. They lived on Rivière-des-Habitants at Minas; in Canada; at Petit Degrat, near Île Madame; and on Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, where a French official counted them at Pointe-de-l'Est in 1752. Interestingly, there was a community on the island called Anse-à-Pinet, where, ironically, no Pinets lived in 1752; one wonders if it was named after Noël, who died at St.-Pierre-du-Nord on the island in May 1755, age 72. He and Rose had 11 children, including four sons who married into the Pilon, Bertrand, Trahan, and Lacroix dit Durel families. Two of their daughters married into the Vallet dit Langevin, Porcheron, and Detcheverry families. Two of Noël's sons, Philippe and Charles le jeune, used the dit Pinel.
Charles l'aîné married Marie, daughter of Louis Marchand dit Poitiers, at Port-Toulouse, Île Royale, in c1724. Charles died in c1752, probably at Port-Toulouse.
Charles le jeune dit Petit Charles, born in c1702, married Marie-Louise, daughter of François Testard dit Paris, at Port-Toulouse in c1723. Charles died at nearby Louisbourg in May 1743, in his early 40s.
Youngest son Philippe, fils, born in c1702, married Isabelle, or Élisabeth, Michel, probably on Île Royale in c1726. He died at Louisbourg in January 1733, a widower, in his early 30s.
In 1755, descendants of Philippe Pinet still in greater Acadia could be found on Île St.-Jean and Île Royale.
LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT
Le Grand Dérangement of the 1750s scattered this family even farther: ...
LOUISIANA: WESTERN SETTLEMENTS
Angélique Pinet of Île Royale, age 44, widow of Michel dit Richelieu Léger, reached New Orleans in July 1785 aboard Le Bon Papa, the first of the Seven Ships from France, with two Léger sons, ages 19 and 15. They were among the few Acadian refugees from France who moved to the Opelousas District, where Angélique remarried to French Canadian Michel Blanchet in April 1787. Angélique died at her home at Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, perhaps a widow again, in November 1815; the priest who recorded her burial said that Angélique was 78 years old when she died, but she was closer to 74.
LOUISIANA: LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS
Most of the Pinets who came to Louisiana in 1785 chose to go to upper Bayou Lafourche:
Charles Pinet dit Pinel le jeune of Chignecto, age 54, crossed on L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, which reached New Orleans in November 1785. With his was wife Marie-Anne Lacroix dit Durel of Île St.-Jean, age 50, and two of their children--Louis, age 22, and Marie-Madeleine, age 14. Three weeks after their arrival, in early December, at New Orleans, Louis married. Charles died at Lafourche by January 1788, when his wife was counted in the census there as a widow. Younger daughter Marie-Madeleine, who married into the Trahan family and also settled on the upper bayou, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1833, a month after her older sister Marie-Modeste died; the priest who recorded her burial said that Madeleine was 59 years old when she died, but she was 62. She and her husband were that rare Acadian couple who had no children.
Charles and Marie-Anne's older, married daughter, Marie-Modeste, age 20, crossed on L'Amitié with husband Jean-Charles Haché, age 22, their newborn daughter Martine, and two of Jean-Charles's teenage brothers, ages 18 and 15. Marie-Modeste remarried to Jean-Baptiste, daughter of fellow Acadian Augustin Benoit, at Lafourche in September 1789 and remained on the bayou, where she died a widow in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1833, age 68.
A Pinet from France created a center of family settlement on Bayou Lafourche. During the antebellum period, some of his descendants moved down bayou into Lafourche Interior and Terrebonne parishes, while others moved up bayou into Ascension Parish:
Descendants of Louis PINET dit PINEL (1762-1820; Philippe, Noël)
Louis, only surviving son of Charles Pinet dit Pinel le jeune and Marie-Anne Lacroix dit Durel, born at Cherbourg, France, in October 1762, followed his family to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, in 1785. He married Marie-Blanche, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Vincent, at New Orleans in December 1785 soon after they reached the colony on the same ship. They followed his family to upper Bayou Lafourche. Like his father, Louis called himself a Pinel. His daughter married into the Waguespack family. Louis died in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1820; he was 57 years old. Three of his five sons settled in Lafourche Interior and Ascension parishes. One of his grandsons moved down bayou to Terrebonne Parish, lived briefly on the western prairies, and returned to Terrebonne. All of the Pinels of South Louisiana are descended from Louis and his three married sons, especially from his youngest one, Honoré Hilaire.
Oldest son Jean-Louis, born at Lafourche in May 1789, probably died young.
Joseph-Maurice, born at Lafourche in May 1791, also probably died young.
Simon, born at Assumption in March 1795, married Clementine, daughter of French Creole Michel Migault, at the Convent church, St. James Parish, in September 1818; Clementine's mother was an Hébert. They lived in St. James Parish before moving to upper Bayou Lafourche. Their son Joseph Simon, called Simon, fils, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1825, Joseph Jean Louis, called Louis, in January 1828 but died in Ascension Parish, age 5, in January 1833, a son, name unrecorded, died 6 days after his birth in July 1830, and Joseph was born in November 1836. Their daughter married into the Sarites or Sarito family.
Joseph Simon married Eugènie, daughter of French Creole Antoine Baye, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in December 1848; Eugènie's mother was a Dantin. Their son Jean was born in Ascension Parish in August 1853 but died 9 days after his birth, Otalie was born in January 1855, and Jules in April 1856. Joseph Simon remarried to Clementine Monson at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in December 1857. Their son Adam Samuel was born in Ascension Parish in July 1859, Jean in February 1864, Paul in February 1869 but may have died in September, and Joseph Théophile was born in November 1870.
Jean-Baptiste, born at Assumption in February 1800, married Joséphine, daughter of fellow Acadian Jacques Olivier Dubois, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in September 1827. Their son Jean Baptiste, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1828. Their daughters married into the Lacoste, Skinner, and Smith families.
Youngest son Honoré Hilaire, born at Assumption in May 1805, married Marie Eugènie, called Eugènie, daughter of of French Creole Jacques Barbier of St. John the Baptist Parish, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1825, and sanctified the marriage at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in March 1836; Marie Eugènie's mother was a Deroche. Their son Honoré, fils was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in c1827, Usilien Simon, called Simon, in February 1830, and Neuville Alphonse in March 1837. Their daughter married into the Thibodeaux family. Honoré, père died in Ascension Parish in December 1847; the priest who recorded his burial said that Honoré was 40 years old when he died, but he was 42. His sons settled in Ascension, Lafourche Interior, and Terrebonne parishes. His oldest son lived briefly near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in the early 1850s but returned to Terrebonne Parish.
Honoré, fils married Marie Augustine, called Justine, 23-year-old daughter of fellow Acadian Auguste Thibodeaux of Terrebonne Parish, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in May 1851, and sanctified the marriage at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in June 1855. Their son Louis Augustin was born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in March 1852, Honoré III in Terrebonne Parish in October 1856, Guillaume in January 1859, Neuville Augustave near Montegut in May 1865, and Creville Apollinaire in October 1867.
Usilien Simon may have married Spanish Creole Pauline Gonzales in Ascension Parish in the early 1850s. Their son Louis was baptized at the Raceland church, Lafourche Parish, age unrecorded, in April 1858. During the War Between the States, Usilien served in Company E of the 29th (Thomas's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Ascension Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi. He enlisted at Ascension, age 32, in April 1862; the recruiting officer called him Lusinien. His Confederate service record ends the following December, so one wonders if Usilien survived the war.
Neuville Alphonse married French Creole Madeleine Fabre probably in Lafourche Parish in the 1860s. Their son Alles Honoré was born near Lockport, Lafourche Parish, in February 1864.
Other PINET/PINELs in the Bayou Lafourche Valley
Area church and civil records make it difficult to link at least one Pinet in the Bayou Lafourche valley with known Acadian lines of the family there:
Marie Pinet married Joseph Ronquille in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in January 1857. Was she an Acadian Pinel or a Foreign-French Pinet?
NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA
Non-Acadians, probably Spaniards with similar-sounding surnames, lived at New Orleans during the late colonial period:
Juan Josef Pinet, whose surname was probably Punet, "native of Case," died at New Orleans in September 1788. He was only 40 years old.
Magdalena Pinel gave birth to son Pedro at New Orleans in September 1795 and had him baptized in June 1797. The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name.
Pedro Pine died at New Orleans in December 1799. He was only six years old.
Pinets, who would have been called Foreign French by native Louisianians, emigrated to Louisiana from France during the late antebellum period:
Alphonse Pinet, age 52, no occupation listed, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Oregon out of Le Havre, France, in May 1843. With him were Jacque, age 40, Françoise, age 33, Auguste, age 10, Xavier, age 8, Eugène, age 6, Rosine, age 4, and François, age 2. One wonders if they were descendants of Acadian Pinets who had remained in France. One also wonders where they settled.
Victor Pinet, a 20-year-old French mechanic, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Mitiades out of Bordeaux, France, in December 1851. He settled in Lafayette Parish, where he died in September 1853, only 22 years old. The priest who recorded his burial did not give Victor's parents' names. A succession record for Jean Pinet, probably Victor, was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in November 1853. One wonders if he was kin to Alphonse et al.
During the War Between the States, George Pinet was a conscript from St. Martin Parish. His Confederate service record reveals no unit in which he served. What was his relationship to Alphonse et al.?
During the War Between the States, Joseph Pinet, a painter from New Orleans, enlisted in Company H of the 3rd Battalion Louisiana Infantry, originally called the 2nd Regiment, Polish Brigade, at New Orleans in July 1861. He followed his unit to Richmond, Virginia, and served with it in the Norfolk area, in eastern North Carolina, and at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in early 1862. He spent time in a hospital at Portsmouth, Virginia, before going to North Carolina, and was sent to a hospital in Richmond later in the year. His battalion fought at Beaver Dam Creek and Frayser's Farm in June 1862 during the Seven Days' Battles east of Richmond. In August 1862, the battalion became part of the new 15th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, and he now served in Company H of that regiment. He was back in a Richmond hospital in March 1863 and may have remained there for the rest of the war. Federal forces captured him at Richmond on in early April 1865, when the city fell. He took his oath of allegiance to the United State government two weeks later, and probably returned home to New Orleans.
Pinets settled early in Acadia, but they came "late" to Louisiana. In fact, if the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to the colony, there probably would be no members of this family in the Bayou State, at least none with Acadian ancestry. The first to arrive, in 1785, was Angélique Pinet, widow of Michel dit Richelieu Léger, who took her two teenage sons to the Opelousas District and settled near Grand Coteau. Angélique's first cousin Charles Pinet dit Pinel came with his wife and three children, one of them a married daughter, aboard a later vessel in 1785. His only son Louis, born in France, married a fellow Acadian soon after he reached the colony and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche, where he created a vigorous family line in what became Ascension, Lafourche, and Terrebonne parishes. Like his father, Louis called himself a Pinel, and his descendants followed suit.
Non-Acadian Pinets, who would have been called Foreign French by native Louisianians, lived in South Louisiana during the antebellum period, not only at New Orleans but also in predominantly-Acadian communities on the western prairies and along Bayou Lafourche. They included a large family of eight who reached New Orleans from Le Havre in May 1843, and a young mechanic who settled in Lafayette Parish during the early 1850s but died in his early 20s soon after his arrival.
When federal census takers counted slaves on the farms and plantations of South Louisiana in 1850 and 1860, no Pinets or Pinels appeared on the lists of slaveholders. Louis Pinel's descendants, then, participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.
Confederate records show that only one member of the Acadian branch of the family served Louisiana in uniform during the War Between the States. Usilien Pinel of Ascension Parish was 32 years old, married, and the father of a son when he enlisted in Company E of the 29th (Thomas's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry in Ascension Parish in April 1862. He followed his unit from Camp Moore in Tangipahoa Parish to Vicksburg, Mississippi, the following month. On 27 December 1862, the first day of the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, fought north of the city, Usilien was sent to a Vicksburg hospital, so one wonders if he was ill or had been wounded in battle. Sadly, his Confederate service record ends with his hospital stay. ...
Today, members of the family spell their name Pinel or Pinell, not Pinet. The family's name also is spelled Pinelle, Pineta, Pinete, Pinette, Pinirel, Pinnel, Pinnelle, Pirelle, Pynel.
Sources: Arsenault, Généaologie, 769-70, 1273-76, 2249; Booth, LA Confed. Soldiers, 3(2):149; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 2:270, 3:240; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:15-16, 128; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 355-56; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 2-A, 5; NOAR, vols. 4, 6; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 153; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 82; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 654-55; White, DGFA-1, 1310-17; White, DGFA-1 English, 279-80.
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parentheses; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):
Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)
|SB||San Bernardo (St. Bernard)|
Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)
San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)
St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)
Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)
New Orleans (Orleans)
St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)
Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)
Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)
For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.
The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community.
|Angélique PINET 01||Jul 1785||Op||born c1741, probably Port-Toulouse, Île Royale; daughter of Charles PINET l'aîné & Marie MARCHAND; first cousin of Charles; at Port-Toulouse Feb 1752, age 12, with widowed mother & 3 older siblings; married (1)Michel dit Richelieu, son of Jean LÉGER & Marguerite COMEAUX, c1760, probably Île Royale; at Louisbourg, Île Royale, c1762; deported from Louisbourg to La Rochelle, France, aboard Windsor, Nov 1762; sailed to Miquelon 1765; returned to La Rochelle 23 May 1769; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, called Angélique PINEL, widow Manuel[sic] LÉGER, with 3 unnamed sons; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 44, widow, head of family; married, age 46, (2)Michel, son of Simon BLANCHET & Marie-Françoise BOUCHART of Québec, 30 Apr 1787, Opelousas; died at Grand Coteau "following an illness," buried "in the parish cemetery," 29 Nov 1815, age 78[sic]; depicted in Dafford Mural, Acadian Memorial, St. Martinville|
|Charles PINET dit PINEL 02||Nov 1785||Asp||born c1732, Chignecto; son of Noël PINET & Rose HENRY; first cousin of Angélique; at Pointe de l'Est, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, age 18[sic], with parents & younger sister; plowman; married, age 21, Anne-Marie, daughter of Charles LACROIX dit DUREL & Judith CHIASSON, 30 Apr 1753, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean; deported from Île St.-Jean to Cherbourg, France, 1758-59, age 27; in Poitou, France, 1775-?; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, called Charles PINEL, with wife Anne DUREL, 1 unnamed son, & 3 unnamed daughters; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 54, head of family; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, shovel, hatchet, & knife, 2 hoes; died by Jan 1788, when his wife was listed in the Valenzuéla census as a widow|
|Louis PINET dit PINEL 03||Nov 1785||Asp, Lf||born & baptized 7 Oct 1762, Très-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg France; son of Charles PINET dit PINEL & Marie-Anne LACROIX dit DUREL; brother of Marie-Madeleine & Marie-Modeste; in Poitou, France, 1775-?; sailor; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 22; married, age 23, Marie-Blanche, daughter of Jean VINCENT & Ursule HÉBERT, 2 Dec 1785, New Orleans, soon after they reached LA on the same ship; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, shovel, hatchet, & knife, 2 hoes; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Louis PINELLE, age 26, with wife Marie age 27, no children, 6 arpents next to mother-in-law Ursule HEBERT widow VINCENT, 15 qts. corn, 3 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Louis PINET, age 28, with wife Marie age 29, son Jean-Louis age 2, 0 slaves, 6 arpents next to mother-in-law, 0 qts. rice, 30 qts. corn, 2 horned cattle, 0 horses, 12 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Luis PINET, age 33, with wife Maria Blanca age 34, sons Juan Luis age 7, & Simon age 1; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Louis PINET, age 34, with wife Marie age 35, sons Jean age 9, & Simon age 3, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Louis PINETTE, age 35, with wife Marie age 36, sons Jean age 9, & Simon age 3, 6/60 arpents, 0 slaves; died Lafourche Interior Parish 8 Jan 1820, age 57; succession inventory dated 8 Feb 1820, Lafourche Interior Parish courthouse|
|Marie-Madeleine PINET dit PINEL 04||Nov 1785||Asp, Lf||born & baptized 19 Feb 1771, Très-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, France; called Madeleine; daughter of Charles PINET dit PINEL & Marie-Anne LACROIX dit DUREL; sister of Louis & Marie-Modeste; in Poitou, France, 1775-?; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 14; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Magdeleinne PINET, orphan, age 18, with family of Jean[-Baptiste] DAIGLE, also, age 17, with widowed mother; married, age 18, Jean-Baptiste, son of Marin TRAHAN & his first wife Marie-Madeleine LEBLANC, 6 Jan 1789, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Madelaine PINET, age 20, with husband, no children, & widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Magdalena PINEL, age 24, with husband, no children, widowed mother, & brother-in-law Juan Maria [TRAHAN]; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Margueritte PINET, age 25, with husband, no children, widowed mother, & brother-in-law Jean-Marie [TRAHAN]; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, age 27, with husband & no children; died Lafourche Interior Parish 23 or 24 Jun 1833, age 59[sic]; succession inventory record dated 5 Jul 1833, Lafourche Interior Parish courthouse|
|Marie-Modeste PINET dit PINEL 05||Nov 1785||Asp, Lf||born c1765, perhaps LeHavre, France; daughter of Charles PINET dit PINEL & Marie-Anne LACROIX dit DUREL; sister of Louis & Marie-Madeleine; in Poitou, France, 1775-?; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & siblings?; married, age 19, (1)Jean-Baptiste-Charles, called Jean-Charles, son of Charles ACHÉE & his second wife Marie HÉBERT, 11 Nov 1784, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 20; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Marie-Modeste PINEL widow HACHEZ, age 23, with daughter Martinne [ACHÉE] age 2, 6 arpents, 15 qts. corn, 1 swine; married, age 24, (2)François-Jean-Baptiste, son of Augustin BENOIT & his second wife Marie-Madeleine GAUTREAUX, 3 Sep 1789, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie PINET, age 26, with husband, 1 BENOIT son, & 1 ACHÉE daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria PINET, age 30, with husband, 2 BENOIT sons, 1 ACHÉE daughter, former brother-in-law Frederico AHHE [ACHÉE], & [engagé?] Guillermo ARSEMENT; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie PINETTE, age 31, with husband, 1 ACHÉE [probably a daughter], 1 BENOIT son, & 1 BENOIT daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 32, with husband, 2 BENOIT sons, 1 ACHÉE daughter, & 1 BENOIT daughter; died Lafourche Interior Parish 26 May 1833, age 68|
01. Wall of Names, 28 (pl. 6R), calls her Angélique PINEL veuve LÉGER, & lists her with 2 sons; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 8-9, calls her Agélique(sic) PINEL veuve LÉGER, age 44, on the embarkation list, Angela PINEL viuda LÉGERE, on the debarkation list, & Angélique PINET widow LÉGER, age 44, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 23rd Family aboard Le Bon Papa with 2 sons; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:67, 624 (Opel. Ch.: v.1-A, p.2), the record of her second marriage, calls her Angélique PINET, "widow of Michel LÉGER," calls her husband Michel BLANCHET "of Quebec," gives her & his parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Silvain SAUNIER, Michel LEGÉ [fils, her oldest son], Angèl BOURG, & Fabien RICHARD; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 2-A:751 (Opel. Ch.: v.1, p.149), her death/burial record, calls her Marie Angélique PINET, "native of Louisbourg in Acadie, widow of Michel LEGÉ, married secondly to Michel BLANCHET, a native of Canada, inhabitants of the Grand Coteau area, being in the parish for many years," says she "died following an illness and received all the sacraments," & was buried "at age about 78 years in the parish cemetery," but does not give her parents' names. See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:16; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 501;
Her being on Île Royale, renamed by the British Cape Breton Island, in the early 1760s is unusual since most of the habitants, soldiers, & residents of Louisbourg & the rest of the island were rounded up & deported to France in late 1758. Was she deported to France in 1758 but somehow returned to the island by the early 1760s? If so, what was her Acadian husband doing there?
Her first husband's first name & her places of exile are also from the brochure that accompanies the Robert Dafford Mural, Acadian Memorial, St. Martinville. The brochure, which identifies her as figure number 20 in the mural, says she arrived in LA "with two of her surviving children," but there were actually 3--sons Jean & Louis LÉGER, who traveled with her on Le Bon Papa, & Michel LÉGER, who was a stowaway on the L'Amitié, a ship that sailed later. See Arsenault, Généalogie, 662, the Port-Royal section, a profile of her husband, whom Arsenault calls Michel dit Richelieu, for details of their adventures together as well as the names & birth years of her LÉGER children--Michel-Prospère, born in c1762, Louis in 1765, Jeanne in 1767, & Jean-Baptiste in 1770.
Only her burial record calls her Marie Angélique. Did she die a widow? It's hard to tell from the burial record.
02. Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls him Charles PINEL, & lists him with his wife, Anne DUREL, & 2 children; White DGFA-1, 1315, calls him Charles (dit Pinel) [PINET], gives his parents' names, says he was born at Beaubassin in c1732, details his marriage, including his wife's parents' names, that he was on Île St.-Jean in 1752, age 18, at Cherbourg in 1772, age 40, was age 54 in 1785, & died before the Jan 1788 census [at Ascension]; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 133, 355, his marriage record, calls him Charles PINETTE, calls his wife Anne DUVAL, gives his & her parents' names, says her father was deceased at the time of the wedding, & gives no witnesses to his wedding; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 82, Family No. 161, calls him Charles PINET, says he was born in c1732 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, details his marriage, calls his wife Anne DUVAL, says she was born in c1735 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, calls her father Charles DUVAL, says he was deceased at the time of her marriage, & includes the birth/baptismal record of son Martin-Charles, baptized 1 Feb 1775, La Chapelle-Roux, godson of Martin PORCHERON & Louise VALET; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls him Charles PINEL, laboureur, age 54, on the embarkation list, Carlos PINEL on the debarkation list, & Charles PINET, plowman, age 54, on the complete listing, says he was in the 21st Family aboard L'Amitié with his wife, Anne DUREL, & 2 children, details his marriage, including his & his wife's parents' names, calls his wife Anne DUVAL, says they were married in 1753 but gives no place of marriage, & lists the implements the Spanish gave him after he reached LA. See also De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:128; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 31; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 509.
His son Martin-Charles, who would have been only 10 in 1785, must have died before the family sailed to LA. Martin-Charles probably died before Spanish officials counted the family at Nantes in Sep 1784, when only one son--probably Louis--appeared on the list with them. Martin-Charles's birthplace, La Chapelle-Roux is in Poitou, so the family must have been part of the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s.
Notice that 3 unnamed daughters were on the Spanish list of Sep 1784 with Charles & Anne, but they brought only 1 daughter with them to LA. The second daughter probably was Marie-Modeste, who married at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, near Nantes, in Nov 1784. Who was the third daughter, & what was her fate?
03. Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls him Louis [PINEL], & lists him with his parents & a sister; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 355, his birth/baptismal record, calls him Louis PINET, gives his parents' names, says his father was a mariner, & does not gives his godparents' names; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 82, Family No. 161, does not list him, but it shows that his family was in Poitou in 1775, when he would have been only 12 years old; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls him Louis, son [Charles PINEL's] fils, marin, age 22, on the embarkation list, Louis PINEL, on the debarkation list, & Louis PINET, sailor, age 22, on the complete listing, says he was in the 21st Family aboard L'Amitié with his parents & a sister, & lists the implements the Spanish gave him after he reached LA; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 62-63, under Lista parcial de vientitres casamientos acadianos arregalados par Navarro, 20 novembre 1785 [Partial List of 23 marriages Navarro arranged on 20 November 1785], B. Marriages celebrated 2 Dec 1785, calls him Luis PINEL/Louis PINET, says he was in the 5th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi[sic], calls his wife Blanca/Blanche VINCENT, says she was in the 8th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi[sic], &, calling him Luis PINEL of Cherbourg in Normandy, details his marriage, calls his wife Maria VICENTE, & gives his & her parents' names; NOAR, 4:249, 309 (SLC, M4, 42), his marriage record, calls him Luis PINEL, "native (Cherbourg?) in Normandy," calls his wife Maria VICENTE, gives his & her parents' names, calls his mother Mariana DUREL, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Vicente LLORCA & Josef MARTINEZ; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:428 (Thib.Ct.Hse.: Succ.: Year 1820), his succession inventory record, calls him Louis PINELLE m. Marie VINCENT, gives his death date but not his place of death, & lists his children as Simon, 26 yrs., Jean Baptiste, 20 yrs., Délaïde, 22 years, & Nore[Honoré] Hilaire, 15 yrs. old.
All of the PINEL/PINELLs of South LA are descended from him & his 3 married sons. They, too, used the dit PINEL, not the surname PINET.
04. Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls her Marie-Magdeleine [PINEL], & lists her with her parents & a brother; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 356, her birth/baptismal record, calls her Marie-Magdelen PINET, gives her parents' names, & says her godparents were Francois LANDRIN & Magdalen CARI; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 82, Family No. 161, does not list her, but it shows that her family was in Poitou in 1775, when she would have been only 4 years old; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls her Marie-Magdeleine, sa [Charles PINEL's] fille, age 14, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie-Magdelaine PINET, his [Charles PINET's] daughter, age 14, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 21st Family aboard L'Amitié with her parents & a brother; BRDR, 2:591, 705 (ASC-2, 15), her marriage record, calls her Marie Magdalena PINETTE, calls her husband Juan Bautista TRAHAN, gives her parents' names, does not give his parents' names but says they "were Acadians," & that the witnesses to her marriage were Eustache TRAHAN & Jean-Baptiste DAIGLE; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:428 (Thib.Ch.: v.1, #549), her death/burial record, calls her Madeleine PINELLE m. Jean Baptiste TRAHAN, says she died on 24 Jun 1833, that she was age 59 when she died, but does not give her parents' names; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:428 (Thib.Ct.Hse.: Succ.: Year 1833), her succession inventory record, calls her Marie Madeleine PINELLE m. Jean Baptiste TRAHAN, & says she died on 23 Jun 1833.
She & her husband were that rare Acadian couple who had no children. She was godmother to Martina/Martine ACHÉE, daughter of Jean-Charles ACHÉE & Marie-Modeste PINET, baptized in New Orleans on 27 Nov 1785, so this may be a clue that she & Marie-Modeste were sisters. See NOAR, 4:1 (SLC, B9, 394). She also stood as godmother for Louis PINEL's daughter Modeste-Anita at Ascension in Nov 1787. See BRDR, 2:592 (ASC-5, 15).
05. Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls her Marie PINEL, & lists her with her husband, a brother-in-law, & a sister-in-law; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, her first husband's profile in the LA section, calls her Marie-Modeste PINEL but does not give her parent's names; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 82, Family No. 161, says Charles PINET, born in c1732, no birthplace given, son of Noël PINET & Rose HENRY, married Anne DUVAL, born in c1735, no birthplace given, daughter of Charles DUVAL, who was deceased at the time of the marriage, & Judith CHIASSON on 30 Apr 1753, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, but does not mention Marie/Marie-Modeste; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 68-69, calls her Marie PINEL, sa [Jean-Charles HACHÉ's] femme, age 20, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie PINET, his [Jean-Charles HACHÉ's] wife, age 20, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 17th Family aboard L'Amitié with her husband, a brother-in-law, & a sister-in-law; BRDR, 2:71, 591 (ASC-2, 23), record of her second marriage, calls her Maria Modesta PINETTE, "widow of Juan HACHÉ," calls her husband Francisco BENOIT, gives his but not her parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Juan Baptiste TRAHAN & Grégoire LEBLANC; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:428 (Thib. Ch.: v.1, #521), her death/burial record, calls her Marie PINELLE m. d.Francois BENOIT, but does not give her parents' names or her age at the time of her death. See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1777-98, 31.
Evidence that she was a daughter of Charles PINET dit PINEL & Marie-Anne DUREL can be found in daughter Judith-Pélagie BENOIT's baptismal record, dated 1 Nov 1796, in BRDR, 2:72 (ASM-1, 76), which says the girl's parents were Juan Francisco [BENOIT] & Maria Modesta PINEL, the paternal grandparents were Augustin BENOIT & Maria Magdalena GAUTRAUX, Acadians, & the maternal grandparents were Carlos PINEL & Mariana DUREL, Acadians. See also the baptismal record of daughter Rosalie Leonor BENOIT, dated 5 Aug 1798, in BRDR, 2:72 (ASM-1, 116). Gotta love that Assumption priest!
The baptismal record of daughter Maria Margarita BENOIT, dated 21 Jul 1803, in BRDR, 2:72 (ASM-1, 277), calls her Maria Modesta PINELL of Havre de Grace, which was LeHavre.
Her daughter Martina/Martine ACHÉE, born at Nantes or Paimboeuf in Aug 1785, a week before the family sailed to LA, lived until Jul 1861 and was one of the last Acadian immigrants in LA to join our ancestors.
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