Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s


[foo-KAY, foo-KET]


Sr. Louis Fouquet de Closneuf de Montinville served as lieutenant de compagnie du détachement de la Marine at the fort at Port-Royal during Queen Anne's War in the early 1700s.  He served as godfather to a number of Acadian children there, including members of the Doucet, Girouard, Loppinot, Robichaud, Poitevin, and Samson families.  There is no evidence that he had a family of his own in Acadia.


Charles, fils, son of Charles Fouquet and Claude Duvivier of St.-Jean-de-la-Roise, Avranches, Normandy, France, born in c1702, came to greater Acadia in c1722.  He married Marie-Judith, daughter of Étienne Poitevin dit Parisien and Anne Daigre, at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, in September 1724.  They raised nearly a dozen children on the island:  Jean-Baptiste, born in c1727; Louis in December 1728; Charles l'aîné in August 1730; Jean-Aubin, called Aubin, in May 1732; Marie-Judith in April 1736; Jean-Martin, called Martin, in November 1738; Anne in July 1741; Élisabeth or Isabelle in c1743; Simon in November 1747; Françoise in c1748; and Charles le jeune in November 1751. 


[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]


Jean-Aubin Fouquet, age 52, wife Marguerite Quimine, age 50, and daughters Marie-Charlotte, age 15, and Jean-Madeleine, age 11, sailed to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships of 1785, which reached New Orleans in early November.  They may have followed other passengers from their ship to the Isleño community of San Bernardo, also called Nueva Gálvez, on the river below New Orleans. 

Only a month after her family reached Louisiana, Marie-Charlotte, still only 15, married Silvestre, son of Silverio Gomes and Maria Gutierres of Senseca, Castille, Spain, at New Orleans. 

Jean-Joseph Fouquet was born at New Orleans in November 1797.  A Spanish priest at the St.-Louis church recorded the boy's baptism the following January and called the mother Maria Magdalena Fouquet, "native of Acadia, resident of this city."  This likely was Jeanne-Madeleine, who would have been 23 years old at the time.  The priest did not give the boy's father's name. 


At least one non-Acadian branch of the family lived in colonial Louisiana:

Geronimo, or Jérôme, Fouquet, probably no kin to the Fouquets of Île St.-Jean, married Maria, or Marie, Parget.  Their son Estevan, or Étienne, was born at New Orleans in September 1794, and daughter Margarita Ria in December 1798. 


Jean-Aubin Fouquet brought only daughters to Louisiana and seems to have fathered no sons there.  One of his daughters married a Spanish Gomes soon after the family reached the colony, and another daughter seems to have had a son, Jean-Joseph, at New Orleans a dozens years later.  The Acadian branch of this family, then, except for its blood, did not take root in the Bayou State.  The Fouquets of South Louisiana, even the possible descendants of Jean-Joseph Fouquet, are French Creoles or Foreign French, not Acadians.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  Arsenault, Généalogie, 2092; BRDR, vol. 2; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:140; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 141; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vol. 1; Hébert, D., Southwest LA  Records, vol. 1-A; <>; <>, Family No.87; NOAR, vols. 4, 5, 6; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 331-32, 737-39, 973; White, DGFA-1, 645, 1338-39.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):




Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)


Pointe Coupée




Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)


Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)


St.-Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)


St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)


Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)


New Orleans (Orleans)


St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)


Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)


Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Jean-Aubin FOUQUET 01 Nov 1785 SB? NO? born 13 May 1732, Havre-St.-Pierre, Île St.-Jean; baptized 2 Jun 1732, St.-Pierre-du-Nord; called Aubin; son of Charles FOUQUET & Marie-Judith POITEVIN; at Nigeagant, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, age 22[sic]; deported from Île St.-Jean to Cherbourg, France, aboard un autre transport with father & 3 brothers; arrived St.-Malo from Cherbourg 21 Mar 1759, called Jean-Aubin, age 26, with brother Martin; marriage witness Feb 1760, St.-Servan, France, called Jan; married (1)Marie CHEVALIER?; married, age 31, (2?)Madeleine, daughter of Louis SAVARY & ______, & widow of Jean AUDAIRE, 26 Sep 1763, Notre-Dame, Rochefort?; married (3?)Marguerite, daughter of Jacques QUIMINE & Marie-Josèphe CHIASSON of Chignecto & Île St.-Jean, 1760s, France; at Port-Louis, France, 1770; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, called Jean, with wife & no children; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 52
Jeanne-Madeleine FOUQUET 02 Nov 1785 SB? NO? born c1774, France; daughter of Jean-Aubin FOUQUET & perhaps his third wife Marguerite QUIMINE; sister of Marie-Charlotte; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 11
Marie-Charlotte FOUQUET 03 Nov 1785 SB? NO? born c1770, Port-Louis, France; daughter of Jean-Aubin FOUQUET & perhaps his third wife Marguerite QUIMINE; sister of Jeanne-Madeleine; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 15; married, age 15, Silvestre, son of Silverio GOMES & Maria GUTIERRES of Senseca, Castille, Spain, 6 Dec 1785, New Orleans


01.  Wall of Names, 42, calls him Jean FOUQUET; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2092, in a profile of his father the Île St.-Jean section, calls him Jean-Aubin FOUQUET, gives his parents' names, the names & birth years of his siblings, & says he was born in 1732 but gives no birthplace; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 331-32, Family No. 400, also his birth/baptismal record, calls him Jean-Aubin FOUQUET, gives his parents' names, says his godparents were Louis-Aubin LEBUFFE [his future brother-in-law] & Marie-Josèphe POINTEVIN, says his family was counted at St.-Pierre-du-Nord in 1752, that his mother & her children Charles, Marie, Anne, Françoise, & Élizabeth "disembarked at St.-Malo from one of the 'Five ship,' that his father "embarked on another transport with sons Louis, Aubin, Martin, & Simon, that "On March 21, 1759, Martin and Jean-Aubin FOUQUET arrived at St.-Malo from Cherbourg to join their family," & "That the fate of their father is unknown"; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 141, his birth/baptismal record, calls him Jean-Aubin FOUQUET, gives his parents' names, & says his godparents were Louis-Aubin LE BUFFE [his future brother-in-law] & Marie-Josèphe PAUTDEVIN [probably a maternal aunt]; <>, Family No.87, says that he crossed on un autre transport with his father & 3 brothers & that his mother & 5 other siblings crossed on a separate vessel, probably one of the Five Ships; <>, details his arrival in Cherbourg with brother Martin, age 21, but says nothing about their father or other brothers arriving with them.  See also De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:140. 

Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 141, contains a marriage record for Jean FOUQUET, journalier, or day laborer, veuf de Marie CHEVALIER, who married Magdelaine, daughter of Louis SAVARY & widow of Jeanne[sic] AUDAIRE, at Notre-Dame of Rochefort on 26 Sep 1763.  Witnesses of the wedding were Pierre ETIE, Jean LEGER, Louis SAVARY, father of the bride, & François SAVARY, brother of the bride.  Was this Jean-Aubin, or was it his younger brother Jean-Martin?  It may even have been their oldest brother Jean-Baptiste. 

Jean-Aubin's possibly third wife, Marguerite QUIMINE, born at Chignecto or Île St.-Jean in the late 1730s, was deported to France in 1758-59 with her family & followed several of her older, married sisters to Îles St.-Pierre & Miquelon in 1763.  If she & Jean-Aubin were married in France, it would have to have been in the late 1760s, after she returned to France.  See Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 517, "Family" No. 578. 

Why are his daughters not on the Sep 1784 Spanish report at Nantes?  See Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 509.  

What evidence is there, really, that he & his family settled at San Bernardo, other than the possibility that daughter Jeanne-Madeleine was still at New Orleans in 1797?  That they went to the Isleños community & not to a predominantly Acadian one is only a guess.  Marguerite's older brother Pierre QUIMINE & his family, who came to LA on the first of the Seven Ships, Le Bon Papa, went to Manchac, south of Baton Rouge, in 1785.  So why didn't Marguerite & Jean-Aubin go there, too, or to Lafourche, where most of the passengers from L'Amitié settled? 

02.  Wall of Names, 42, calls her Jeanne-Magdeleine FOUQUET.  

She may have given birth to an illegitimate son, Jean-Joseph FOUQUET, in New Orleans in Nov 1797, when she was 23.  See NOAR, 6:128 (SLC, B14, 53), which calls the mother Maria Magdalena FOUQUET, "native of Acadia, resident of this city," but mentions no father.  Who else could it have been?  

03.   Wall of Names, 42, calls her Marie-Charlotte FOUQUET; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 64-65, under Lista parcial de vientitres casamientos acadianos arregalados par Navarro, 20 novembre 1785 [Partial List of 23 marriages Navarro arranged on 20 November 1785], D. Marriage celebrated 6 December 1785, calls her Carlota/Charlotte FOUQUET, says she was in the 65th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi[sic], calls her husband Silvestre GOMEZ, immigrant, &, calling her Maria Carlota FOUQUET of Puerto Luis, France, details her marriage, calls her husband Silvestre GOMES, native of Senseca, Castille, & gives her & his parents' names; NOAR, 4:133, 147 (SLC, M5, 42), her marriage record, calls her Maria Carlota FOUQUET, "native of Puerto Luis in France," calls her husband Silvestre GOMES, "native of the town of Senseca in the Kingdom of Castille," gives her & his parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Vicente LLORCA & Josef MARTINEZ.   

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