APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

LAMOUREAUX

[la-more-ROH]

ACADIA

In c1693, at Plaisance, Newfoundland, then part of greater Acadia, Jean Lamoureux dit Rochefort, born in Rochefort, France, in c1664, married Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Abraham Pichot and Madeleine Aubert.  Jean was a fisherman and served as a major of the Plaisance militia before being compelled by the Treaty of Utrecht to move from British-controlled Newfoundland to French-controlled Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island, in October 1714.  He and his family remained on Île Royale until the mid-1720s.  According to the many censuses taken at Louisbourg during those years, Marie-Madeleine died before 1719, and Jean, who did not remarry, became a prominent fisherman/merchant with many boats and helpers.  In 1726, he was counted at L'Indienne on Île Royale with one domestic servant, 36 sailors and fishermen in his employ, 6 chaloups, and a bateau ou goélette en pêche, which in that day was a respectable-sized fishing vessel.  By 1728, he and his children had moved again, this time to Pointe-de-l'Est on Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island.  By 1734, they had moved to Havre-St.-Pierre on the north side of the island.  Jean dit Rochefort died there in September 1739, age 75.  During their life together, he and Marie-Madeleine had five children, four daughters and a son, all but one of whom survived childhood and created families of their own.  Three of Jean dit Rochefort's daughters married into the Morin dit Langevin, Dutraque, and Baudoin Le Cluzeau families either at Plaisance or on Île Royale. 

Son Jean-Baptiste dit Rochefort, born at Plaisance in c1704, married Marie-Claire, daughter of Acadians Jean Potier and Marie-Madeleine Chiasson, at Saint-Pierre-du-Nord in July 1740, soon after his father died.  Jean-Baptiste and Marie-Claire had at least five children, including four sons, all born on Île St.-Jean:  Jean-Baptiste, fils in May 1741, Louis in October 1742, François in c1750, and Martin in November 1753.  

~

Meanwhile, Pierre Lamoureaux, born at Poitiers, France, in 1732, probably no kin to Jean dit Rochefort, died at Louisbourg in 1754; he was only 22 years old.  He does not seem to have left a family in Acadia.

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  RIVER SETTLEMENTS

Louis Lamoureaux dit Rochefort, age 44, his wife Marie Hébert, age 36, and their children--Jean-Louis, age 20, and Marie-Adélaïde, age 10--booked passage aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships of 1785, but for some reason they did not take that ship to Louisiana.  They sailed, instead, on La Caroline, the last of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in mid-December 1785.  After a brief respite in the city, they chose to settle in the Acadian community of St.-Jacques, now St. James Parish, on the river above the city.  

No member of this family appears in the church records of South Louisiana, so the Acadian line of the family did not take root in the Bayou State.  

NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA

Lamoureaux is a fairly common name in France, but the name was not common in Louisiana.  Most, if not all, of the Lamoureauxs of South Louisiana are descended not from an Acadian but from a Foreign Frenchman who came to the Bayou State during the antebellum period:  

Anne-Marie, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Lamoureaux, was baptized at New Orleans in February 1730.  

Descendants of Louis-Ambroise LAMOUREAUX (1799-1849)

One searches the church and civil and records of South Louisiana in vain for another reference to the name until the early 1800s, when 27-year-old Louis Ambroise Lamoureaux of Binic, Côtes-du-Nord, France, married 17-year-old Adèle Julie or Julie Adèle, daughter of Acadian Jean Joseph Boudreaux and his French Creole wife Marie Vincente Montet, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in July 1826.  Their daughter married a Boudreaux cousin.  Louis Ambroise, at age 41, remarried to another Acadian, Azélie Adélaïde, called Adélaïde, daughter of Acadians Hippolyte LeBlanc and Marie Marguerite Gaudet and widow of Joseph Eugène Aucoin, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1840.  Adélaïde gave him another daughter, who married into the Aucoin family, but no more sons.  Louis Ambroise died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1849; he was only 50 years old.  Four of his five sons, all by his first wife, settled on upper Bayou Lafourche. 

1

Oldest son Louis Édouard, by his father's first wife, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in April 1826, married Rosalie or Rose, daughter of Acadian Joseph Daigle and Marie Marguerite Richard, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in February 1846.  Their son Émile Adam Cosoff was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1849 but died at age 4 in March 1853.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted a single slave--an 18-year-old black female--on Louis E. Lamoureux's farm.

2

Jean Joseph, called Joseph, by his father's first wife, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1829, married Lea, daughter of Léandre Bannon Thibodaux and his Acadian Adélaïde Bergeron and widow of Sylvain Pontiff, in a civil ceremony in Terrebonne Parish in September 1848, and sanctified the marriage at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1850; Lea was a granddaughter of former Louisiana governor Henry Schuyler Thibodaux.

3

René Adrien, by his father's first wife, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in November 1830, married Marie Sylvanie, called Sylvanie, daughter of Acadian Pierre Lamant Lejeune and Clementin LeBlanc, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 1851.  Their son Joseph Adrien was born in Lafourche Parish in May 1855, and Charles Édouard in April 1868.  

4

Jean Édouard, called Édouard or Edward, by his father's first wife, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in June 1833, married Antoinette Folse probably in the early 1850s.  Their son Jean Ernest Simple was born in Assumption Parish in December 1854.

5

Youngest son Pierre Jules, by his father's first wife, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in c1837, died at age 2 1/2 in May 1840. 

~

Other Foreign-French Lamoureauxs came to Louisiana during the antebellum period.  They probably remained in the New Orleans area:

Jean-François Lamoureaux, a 39-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Luminary out of Cayenne, South America, in December 1820.  With him was his unnamed wife, age 30, and three daughters, also unnamed, only one of them with a recorded age--she was 7. 

Henri Lamouroux, a 33-year-old proprietor from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Jane Gladdin out of Le Havre, France, in June 1849.  He was heading to Tennessee. 

CONCLUSION

Louis Lamoureaux dit Rochefort, grandson of a Newfoundland fisherman, and Louis's wife Marie Hébert brought a grown son and a young daughter to Louisiana from France in 1785.  Neither the son nor the daughter seems to have married, so the Acadian branch of this family did not take root in the Bayou State. 

The Lamoureauxs of South Louisiana likely are descended from a Foreign Frenchman, Louis-Ambroise, who came to Louisiana in the 1820s.  He married twice, in 1826 and 1840, each time to an Acadian.  Four of his five sons, all from his first wife, created families of their own.  Three of them also married Acadians.  One of them owned a single slave in the decades before the War of 1861, so the family participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  No member of the family fought in a Louisiana or Confederate unit during the war.  Judging by the phone books of Lafourche valley communities today, even this family may have disappeared from the region by the late twentieth century.  

Unlike most Acadian families, the Lamoureauxs spelled their surname with an "x" before they came to Louisiana.  The family's name also is spelled Lamoreaux, Lamoreux, L'Amoureaux, Lamoureux.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Lafourche Interior Parish; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1896, 2122; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 1:315, 3:178; BRDR, vol. 8; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 31, 187, 270; NOAR, vol. 1; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 61-62; White, DGFA-1, 913-14, 1304-05.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Jean-Louis LAMOUREAUX 01 Dec 1785 StJ born c1765, probably Cherbourg, France; called Louis; son of Louis LAMOUREAUX dit Rochefort & Marie HÉBERT; brother of Marie-Adélaïde; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775, with parents & sister; sailor; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & sister; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 20; on list of Acadians at St.-Jacques, 1788, called Louis LAMOUREUX, with no others in his household, 0 barrels corn
Louis LAMOUREAUX dit Rochefort 02 Dec 1785 StJ born & baptized 5 Oct 1742, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean; son of Jean-Baptiste LAMOUREAUX dit Rochefort & Marie-Claire POTIER; sailor; married, age 21, Marie, daughter of Jean HEBERT & Marguerite MOUTON, 16 Aug 1763, Tres-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, France; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Louis LAMOUREAUX, with wife, 1 unnamed son, & 1 unnamed daughter; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 44, head of family; died by June 1791, when his wife remarried at St.-Jacques
Marie-Adélaïde LAMOUREAUX 03 Dec 1785 StJ baptized 23 Jun 1774, St.-Jean L'Evangeliste, Châtellerault, France; called Adélaïde; daughter of Louis LAMOUREAUX dit Rochefort & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Jean-Louis; in Poitou, France, 1774-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775, with parents & brother; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents & brother; sailed to LA on La Caroline, age 10

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Jean-Louis [L'AMOUREAUX], & lists him with his parents & a sister; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 61-62, Family No. 120, calls him Jean-Louis [LAMOUREAUX], gives his parents' names, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls him Jean-Louis, son [Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT's] fils, marin, age 20, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Jean-Louis LAMOUREAUX, his [Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT's] son, age 20, on the complete listing, & says he was in the 22nd Family aboard L'Amitié with his parents & a sister.  

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

He likely was the Louis LAMOUREAUX counted alone at St.-Jacques in 1788.  He would have been age about 23 that year.  One wonders what happened to him in LA. 

02.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls him Louis L'AMOUREAUX dit Rochefort, & lists him with his wife & 2 children; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 61-62, Family No. 120, calls him Louis LAMOUREAUX called ROCHEFORT, details his birth/baptism, does not gives his parents's names but says he was godson of Claude OUDY & Marie CHIASSON, that he was a seaman, details his marriage, including his wife's parents' names, says she was born in c1748 but gives no birthplace, says her father was deceased at the time of the marriage, includes the birth/baptismal record of daughter Marie-Adélaïde, baptized 23 Jun 1774, St.-Jean-L'Evangeliste, Châtellerault, goddaughter of Jean RENAULT & Marie POIRIER, his wife, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls him Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT, marin, age 44, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT, sailor, age 44, on the complete listing, says he was in the 22nd Family aboard L'Amitié with his wife & 2 children, details his marriage, gives his wife's but not his parents' names, says they were married in 1763 but gives no place of marriage, & that daughter Adélaïde was born in 1774 but gives no birthplace.  

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, he & his family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

03.  Wall of Names, 46 (pl. 12R), calls her Adélaïde [L'AMOUREAUX], & lists her with her parents & a brother; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 61-62, Family No. 120, her birth/baptismal record, calls her Marie-Adélaïde LAMOUREAUX, gives her parents' names, says her godparents were Jean RENAULT & Marie POIRIER, his wife, &, calling her Adélaïde, details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls her Adélaïde, sa [Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT's] fille, age 10, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Adélaïde LAMOUREAUX, his [Louis LAMOUREAUX dit ROCHEFORT's] daughter, age 10, on the complete listing, says she was in the 22nd Family aboard L'Amitié with her parents & a brother, & that she was born in 1774 but gives no birthplace.  

As the debarkation list of L'Amitié & the embarkation/debarkation lists of La Caroline reveal, she & her family sailed to LA on the later ship, not the earlier one.  

What happened to her in LA?

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