APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

DAREMBOURG

[DAH-rim-borgh]

ACADIA

André Darembourg emigrated to Plaisance, Newfoundland, then part of greater Acadia, and married Marie Dapesteguy in c1705.  They were still there in 1711.  They may have had no children. 

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Pierre Darembourg, born probably in France in c1692 and no kin to the other Darembourgs in greater Acadia, married Marie, daughter of Louis Mazerolle dit Saint-Louis and Geneviève Forest of Annapolis Royal, at Port-Toulouse, Île Royale, in c1722.  They settled at Petit-Dégrat, down the coast from Port-Toulouse, before moving on to Havre-St.-Pierre on Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, where Pierre died in May 1742.  Marie gave Pierre at least five children--Marie-Josèphe, born at Petit-Dégrat in c1727; Geneviève in c1730; Anne in March 1734; Jean-Baptiste in October 1736; and Jacques in October 1739.  Daughter Marie-Josèphe married Jacques dit Jacqui, son of François Langlois and Madeleine Comeau of Annapolis Royal and Port-Toulouse, Île Royale, and widower of Madeleine Prétieux, at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, the church for Havre-St.-Pierre, in April 1744.  Genevière married into the Michel family before August 1752.  At that time, a French official counted Marie Mazerolle with her second husband, Parisian Étienne-Charles Philippe dit La Roque, at nearby Rivière-du-Nord-Est.  With them were two of Marie's Darembourg sons (called Du Rambour by the census taker):  Jean-Baptiste, age 15; and Jacques, age 13.  Marie's daughters Marie-Josèphe Darembourg and Geneviève Darembourg also were counted with their husbands on Rivière-du-Nord-Est.  

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A family with a similar surname settled at Plaisance, Newfoundland, before Le Grand Dérangement.  Jean Rambourg, whose surname also was spelled Darembourg and Darambourg, married Marie-Anne Pichot of Plaisance, probably at Plaisance in c1732.  They had a number of sons--Félix, born in c1733 probably at Plaisance, Jean-Noël in c1735, Jean-Pierre in c1736, François in c1738, Martin in c1740, and Jérôme at Louisbourg, Île Royale, now Cape Breton Island, in c1742.  Jean died by 1747, when Marie-Anne remarried to Nicolas Hecquart or Ecard, a fisherman from Serance, Diocese of Coutances, France, probably at Louisbourg, but they settled at Petit-Dégrat on Île Madame, where a French official counted them in February 1752.  No member of this family emigrated to Louisiana.

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

In September 1785, Jean-Baptiste Darembourg, now 48, his wife Madeleine Henry, age 45, and daughter Marie-Jeanne, age 18, reached New Orleans aboard Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships from France.  After a brief respite in the city, they followed the majority of the passengers from their ship to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Marie-Jeanne married Joseph, fils, son of fellow Acadian Joseph Hébert, at Lafourche in April 1786.  Joseph also had come to Louisiana aboard Le St.-Rémi.  

Jean-Baptiste and Madeleine's older daughter, Marie-Madeleine Darembourg, age 23, and two of her daughters--Marie-Jeanne Lirette, age 2, and Rose-Adélaïde Lirette, still an infant--also sailed to Louisiana aboard Le St.-Rémi, but Marie-Madeleine's husband, Jean-Pierre Lirette, did not accompany them.  He came to the colony on a later ship, and they also settled on the upper bayou.  

CONCLUSION

When Jean-Baptiste Darembourg and Madeleine Henry emigrated to Louisiana in 1785, they were too old to have any more children.  Their only two sons, Jean-Baptiste, fils and Jean-Pierre, lay buried in France.  Except for its blood, then, the Acadian branch of the Darembourg family did not survive in the Bayou State.  

The family's name also is spelled Darmabourg, De Rambourg, Durambourg, Duranbourg, Duran Bourque, Durand-Bourg, du Rembour, Durambourg, Durembourg, Durenbourg, Lambourg, Lambourge, Rambourg.  This humble Acadian family should not be confused with another family in Louisiana whose name was similar.  The aristocratic Arensbourg, Darensbourg, or D'Arensbourg family, descended from a German-born officer who served in Sweden, lived on Louisiana's German Coast.  The progenitor of the family, in fact, Karl Frederick Darensbourg, commanded the German districts from the 1720s to the late 1760s, decades before the Acadian Darembourgs reached the colony.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  Arsenault, Généalogie, 2012, 2017, 2083; BRDR, vol. 2; Carl A. Brasseaux, "The Moral Climate of French Colonial Louisiana, 1699-1763," 529, in Conrad, ed., The French Experience in LA; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 98, 193, 586, 593-95; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 67; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 684-87; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 107, 370; White, DGFA-1, 468, 954, 1144, 1306.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

StB St.-Bernard (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Jean-Baptiste DAREMBOURG 01 Sep 1785 Asp born c1737, Petit-Dégrat, Île Royale, or Havre-St.-Pierre-Île St.-Jean; son of Pierre DAREMBOURG & Marie MAZEROLLE; navigator, seaman, & day laborer; at Rivière-du-Nord-Est, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, called Jean-Bapiste DU RAMBOUR, age 15, with stepfather Étienne-Charles PHILIPPE dit LaRoche, his mother, full brother Jacques, & 3 half-brothers; deported from Île St.-Jean to Cherbourg, France, 1758, age 21; married, age 22, Madeleine, daughter of Antoine HENRY & Claire HÉBERT of Grand-Pré, 29 May 1759, Très-St.-Trinité, Cherbourg; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Jean-Bte. DURAMBOURG, with wife & 1 unnamed daughter; sailed to LA on Le St.-Rémi, age 50[sic], head of family; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Jean DUREMBOURG, age 60[sic], with wife Magdeleinne age 60, no children, 6 arpents, next to son-in-law Jean LIRETTE, 20 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 3 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Jean DURANBOURG, age 68[sic], with wife Madelaine age 80[sic], no children, 0 slaves, 6 arpents, next to son-in-law Jean-Pierre LIRET, 0 qts. rice, 80 qts. corn, 4 horned cattle, 0 horses, 15 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Juan Bautista DAREMBOURG, age 72[sic], with wife Magdalena age 55, & no children, next to son-in-law Juan Pedro LIRET; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Jean-Baptiste DURENBOURG, age 73[sic], with wife Magdeleinne age 56, no children, 0 slaves, next to son-in-law Jean LIRET; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Jean DUREMBOURG, age 60, with wife Magdelenne age 80, no children, 4/60 arpents, 0 slaves, next to son-in-law Jean LIRETTE
Marie-Jeanne DAREMBOURG 02 Sep 1785 Asp born c1768, France; daughter of Jean-Baptiste DAREMBOURG & Madeleine HENRY; sister of Marie-Madeleine; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents; sailed to LA on Le St.-Rémi, age 18; married, age 18, Joseph, son of Joseph HÉBERT & his first wife Marguerite RICHARD, 18 Apr 1786, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Jeanneton DUREMBOURG, age 20, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, age 22, with husband & 1 son; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria Josefa DUREMBOURG, age 28, with husband & 1 son; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Anne[sic], no surname given, age 30, with husband & 1 son
*Marie-Madeleine DAREMBOURG 03 Sep 1785 Asp born c1762, Cherbourg, France; sometimes called Madeleine; daughter of Jean-Baptiste DAREMBOURG & Madeleine HENRY; sister of Marie-Jeanne; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; married Jean-Pierre of Nantes, son of François LIRETTE & Michaela CHAILLOU, probably Nantes; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, with husband & 2 unnamed daughters; sailed to LA on Le St.-Rémi, age 23, with daughter Rose-Adélaïde; granted head-of-family status by Intendant Martin NAVARRO until her husband reached LA on a later ship; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Marie DUREMBOURG, age 25, with husband Jean-[Pierre] LIRETTE age 27, son Nicolas [LIRETTE] age 2, daughters Marie[-Jeanne LIRETTE] age 5, Rose[-Adèlaide LIRETTE] age 4, 6 arpents next to her father, 30 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 6 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie-Madelaine, no surname given, age 26, with husband Jean-Pierre LIRET, son Nicolas [LIRET] age 5, daughters Marie-Janne [LIRET] age 10, Rose [LIRET] age 7, Constance [LIRET] age 3, Rosalie [LIRET] age 2, 0 slaves, 6 arpents next to her father, 0 qts. rice, 150 qts. corn, 6 horned cattle, 0 horses, 15 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria DAREMBOURG, age 32, with husband Juan Pedro LIRET age 33, son Nicolas [LIRET] age 10, daughters Maria [LIRET] age 14, Rosa [LIRET] age 12, Ana [LIRET] age 8, Léonor [LIRET] age 6, Eulalia [LIRET] age 4, Margarita [LIRET] age 2, & Adelaides [LIRET] age 1, next to her father; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie, no surname given, age 33[sic], with husband Jean LIRET age 34, son Nicolas [LIRET] age 11, daughters Marie [LIRET] age 15, Rose [LIRET] age 13, Anne [LIRET] age 9, Léonore [LIRET] age 7, Eulalie [LIRET] age 5, Margueritte [LIRET] age 3, & Adelaide [LIRET] age 2, 0 slaves, next to her father; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 34[sic], with husband Jean LIRETTE age 36, sons Nicolas [LIRETTE] age 12, Constant [LIRETTE] age 10, daughters Marie [LIRETTE] age 16, Rose [LIRETTE] age 14, Constance [LIRETTE] age 8, Eulalie [LIRETTE] age 6, Josephine [LIRETTE] age 4, & Adélaïde [LIRETTE] age 2, 8/60 arpents, 0 slaves, next to her father

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 35 (pl. 9L), calls him Jean-Baptiste DURAMBOURG, & lists him with his wife & a daughter; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2083, profile for his father in the Île St.-Jean section, calls him Jean-Baptiste DAREMBOURG, says he was born in 1736 but gives no birthplace, that his father was born in 1692 but gives no birthplace nor his father's parents' names, that his father died in 1742 but gives no place of death, that his mother was daughter of Louis [MAZEROLLE] & Geneviève LAFORÊT of Port-Royal but gives no date of marriage to his father, & that his siblings were sister Geneviève, born in 1730, sister Anne, born in 1734, & brother Jacques, born in 1739; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 98, 193, his marriage record, calls him Jean DU RAMBOURG, "laborer of Île St.-Jean and transferred to France," calls his wife Magdeleine HENRY, "originally from St.-Charles in Acadia and transferred to France," gives his & her parents' names, calls his mother Marie SAINT-LOUIS, says all parents were deceased at the time of the wedding, but gives no witnesses to the marriage; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 67, Family No. 124, calls him Jean-Baptiste DURAMBOURG, says he was born in c1724 but gives no birthplace, does not give his or his wife's parents' names, says he was a navigator & seaman, that he married in c1759 but gives no place of marriage, includes the death/burial record of son Jean-Baptiste, died age 20 & buried 19 Feb 1781, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s as well as its voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 46-47, calls him Jean-Bte DURAMBOURG, journalier, age 50, on the embarkation list, & Jean-Baptiste DARAMBOURG, day laborer, age 50, on the complete listing, says he was in the 17th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi with his wife & a daughter, &, calling him Jean-Baptiste DURAMBOURG, says he married in c1759 but gives no place of marriage.  See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:89; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 32, 65, 104, 121, 164.

His estimated birth year is based on the age given in the St.-Jean census of Aug 1752, not the LA censuses in which he is found.  Ages for him given in the Lafourche valley censuses of 1788, 1791, 1795, & 1797 are way off the mark, as were the ages for his wife.  Only the 1798 census got his age right. 

02.  Wall of Names, 35 (pl. 9L), calls her Marie-Jeanne [DURAMBOURG], & lists her with her parents & no siblings; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 67, Family No. 124, calls her Marie-Madeleine & Madeleine [DURAMBOURG], gives her parents' names, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s as well as its voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 46-47, calls her Marie-Jeanne, sa [Jean-Bte DURAMBOURG's] fille, age 18, on the embarkation list, & Marie-Jeanne DURAMBOURG, his [Jean-Baptiste DURAMBOURG's] dgtr., age 18, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 17th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi with her parents & no siblings; BRDR, 2:363, 613 (ASC-2, 1), her marriage record, calls her Marie-Jeanne DE RAMBOURG "of Acadia," does not give her or her husband's parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Mathurin COMMO & Joseph HÉBERT.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 47, 53, 130, 179.  

Her future husband also crossed from France aboard Le St.-Rémi.  

03.  Not in Wall of Names.  Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 67, Family No. 124, calls her Marie-Madeleine [DURAMBOURG], says that she was the daughter of Jean-Baptiste DURAMBOURG & Madeleine HENRY, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 495, shows that she & her husband were at Nantes in Sep 1784 on a list of Acadians who wanted to go to LA; Winzerling, Acadian Odyssey, 193, note 117, says that she was the wife of "the absent" Juan LIRRET, who was not on the passenger lists of any of the 7 ships, & that she & 2 of their daughters, Marie-Jeanne & Rose-Adélaïde, came to LA with her aboard Le St.-Rémi.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1777-98, 32, 65, 104, 121, 164. 

Winzerling also says that she was the sister of Jean-Baptiste DAREMBOURG, but Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, cited above, says she was his daughter.  

There is no question that both she & her husband made it to LA because they, along with their children, were counted in an number of censuses at Ascension & in the upper Lafourche valley from 1788 to 1798.  Where did son Constant LIRETTE come from in 1798?  He is listed in none of the other LA censuses that enumerate this family.  

Her husband's birthplace & parents' names can be found in the birth/baptismal records of several of their children in BRDR, 2:504 (ASM-1, 111 & 190).  Several of the baptismal records say she was "of Cherbourg."  One baptismal record, that of daughter Maria Angela LIRET, dated 17 Jul 1798, says Jean-Pierre LIRETTE's parents were from Acadia.  His mother may have been, but there is no LIRETTE family in either Arsenault or White, so I am calling it French Creole in LA.  He most likely was a Frenchman who married an Acadian and followed her to LA.  

Why is such a thoroughly documented Acadian not in Wall of Names?  

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Copyright (c) 2007-17  Steven A. Cormier