APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

ACHÉE

[ah-SHAY]

ACADIA

Michel Haché dit Gallant, son of Pierre Larcher or Larché of St.-Pierre parish, Montdidier, Picardie, and an unidentified Indian woman, was born at Trois-Rivières, Canada, in c1662.  He came to Acadia as a young servant of Michel Le Neuf de La Vallière, the seigneur of Chignecto, between 1678 and 1682, and married Anne, daughter of Chignecto pioneers Thomas Cormier and Marie-Madeleine Girouard, in c1690.  Around 1720, probably to escape British authority in Nova Scotia, Michel dit Gallant became a pioneer himself when he moved his family from Chignecto to what the French called Île St.-Jean.  According to many historians, Michel Haché dit Gallant was "one of the island's first European settlers" and the first Acadian settler on the island.  He built his new home on a red sandstone cliff now called Rocky Point, overlooking a promising harbor that came to be known as Port-Lajoie, across the channel from today's Charlottetown, the capital of the province of Prince Edward Island.  Michel dit Gallant and Anne had 12 children.  He died after falling through the ice at the mouth of the North River in April 1737; he was 74 years old.  His daughters married into the Poirier, Rassicot, Prétieux, Jacqueline dit Lorraine, Hango dit Choisy, Duval, and Belliveau families.  His seven sons, all born at Chignecto, created families of their own and settled on Île St.-Jean:  

Oldest son Michel dit Gallant, fils, born in c1691, married Madeleine, daughter of Jacques LeBlanc and Catherine Hébert, at Grand-Pré in October 1711.  They had 13 children, including four sons who married into the Gravois, Blanchard, Comeau, and Hébert families.  Their daughters married into the Savoie, Saulnier, Doucet dit Maillard, Girouard, Doucet, and Cormier families.  Michel dit Gallant, fils returned to Chignecto during the early 1740s, while his brothers and their families remained on Île St.-Jean.  According to genealogist Stephen White, Michel, fils's returning to Chignecto "is important because it permits one to conclude that on the eve of the Acadian dispersion all the Hachés in the Beaubassin area belonged to Michel[, fils]'s family." 

Joseph dit Gallant, born in c1693, married Marie, daughter of Pierre Gaudet and Cécile Mignot, at Beaubassin in July 1721.  He commanded at Port-Lajoie until his death in 1746 at age 53.

Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant, born in c1696, married Anne-Marie or Marie-Anne, daughter of Élie Gentil and Cécile Martin, at Beaubassin in February 1719.  They settled on Île St.-Jean, where a French official counted them at Rivière-du-Nord-Est, in the center of the island, in August 1752. 

Charles dit Gallant, born in c1698, married Geneviève, daughter of Pierre Lavergne and Anne Bernon, at Port-Royal in February 1727.  They settled on Île St.-Jean. 

Pierre dit Gallant, born in c1701, married Cécile, another daughter of Pierre Lavergne and Anne Bernon, in c1726.  They settled on Île St.-Jean. 

François dit Gallant, born in c1707, married Anne, daughter of François Boudrot and Jeanne Landry, at Port-Lajoie in June 1735.  They remained on Île St.-Jean. 

Youngest son Jacques dit Gallant, born in c1712, married Marie-Josèphe, called Josèphe, another daughter of François Boudrot and Jeanne Landry, at Port-Lajoie on the same day his brother Francois dit Gallant married his wife's sister.  They remained on Île St.-Jean. 

[For more of this family in pre- and post-dispersal Acadia and Canada, see Book Three]

In 1755, descendants of Michel Haché dit Gallant and his many sons could be found on Île St.-Jean at Port-Lajoie, Rivière-du-Nord-Est, Rivière-de-Peugiguit, Havre-St.-Pierre, and Tracadie.  They also could be found at Chignecto, where the family originally had settled. 

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

In November 1785, L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, reached New Orleans.  Aboard were three Haché families, including the first males bearing the name to reach the colony.  One Haché and her husband settled on the river below New Orleans, but the other two families followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche: 

The family of Louis Haché of Île St.-Jean was led by his second wife, Françoise Doucet, age 46.  Louis did not take L'Amitié to the colony but came later.  With Françoise were son Pierre-Charles, age 10, and three orphans:  niece Marie-Anne Haché, age 19, and nephews Pierre-Alexis Haché, age 16, and Joseph-François Haché, age 10.  Marie-Anne married Frenchman Louis-Antoine, son of Louis Charrié of Nior, Poitou, at New Orleans in December 1785; husband Louis-Antoine also had crossed on L'Amitié.  After a brief respite in New Orleans, Françoise and her charges, along with Marie-Anne and her husband, settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.  In December 1790, Marie-Anne remarried to Pierre, son of Pierre de St. Angel of Québec, at Lafourche.  Nine years later, in May 1799, Marie-Anne remarried again--her third marriage--to another Canadian, Michel, son of Michel Barré of Montréal.  Meanwhile, Louis Haché joined his wife Françoise Doucet at Lafourche and settled there.  They had no more children in Louisiana, so Louis's line was perpetuated by his only son, Pierre-Charles.  Louis's Haché nephews Pierre-Alexis and Joseph-François, the youngest sons of Louis's older brother Pierre, went with their aunt and uncle to the Lafourche, where Pierre-Alexis remained, but Joseph-François left the valley after he married and settled on Bayou Teche, west of the Atchafalaya Basin.  Two of Louis's grandsons settled in Iberville Parish on the river in the early 1800s, but most of his descendants remained on upper Bayou Lafourche, in Assumption and Lafourche Interior parishes.  

The other Haché family that crossed on L'Amitié was led by Jean-Baptiste-Charles, 22-year-old son of Jean-Charles Haché and his second wife Marie Hébert.  Jean-Baptiste-Charles had been born in Chantenay, a suburb of Nantes.  His 20-year-old wife, Marie-Modeste Pinet dit Pinel, also had been born in France.  With them were Jean-Baptiste-Charles's sister Marie-Bonne, age 18, his brother Frédéric, age 15, and his infant daughter, Martina, or Martine, who had been born a week before the ship's departure from Paimboeuf, the port of Nantes, in August (Martine was one of the Acadian infants baptized at New Orleans in late 1785 who was named in honor of Louisiana intendant Martin Navarro, whom the Acadians adored).  This family also went to upper Bayou Lafourche, where Jean-Baptiste-Charles died in c1786, age 24.  He fathered no sons.  Sister Marie-Bonne did not remain at Lafourche but crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Attakapas District, where she married Joseph dit Tito, son of Alexis St. Germain of Fort Chartres, Illinois, in August 1788.  Brother Frédéric moved from the bayou to the river and probably never married.  Jean-Baptiste-Charles's widow, Marie-Modeste, remained on upper Bayou Lafourche, where she remarried to Jean-François, called François, son of fellow Acadian Augustin Benoit, in September 1789.  Jean-Baptiste-Charles's daughter Martine survived childhood and married Jean-Baptiste, son of fellow Acadian Olivier Thibodeaux and widower of Marie-Rose Damour, at Assumption on the upper bayou in November 1804; Jean-Baptiste and his family also had emigrated to Louisiana from France in 1785.  Martine died in Lafourche Parish in July 1861; she was 75 years old and one of the last of the Acadian immigrants in Louisiana to join our ancestors. 

The Acadian Haché/Achées in Louisiana descend from two cousins who came to Louisiana in 1785:  Pierre-Alexis, who followed his uncle Louis to upper Bayou Lafourche, and Louis's only surviving son, Pierre-Charles, who also settled along the bayou.  But not all of their descendants remained there:   

Descendants of Pierre-Alexis ACHÉE (1768-c1818; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant)

Pierre-Alexis, called Alexis, elder son of Pierre Haché and his third wife Madeleine Dingle, was born at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, France, in March 1768.  He came to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785, with his paternal aunt, Françoise Doucet, wife of uncle Louis Haché, and two siblings, younger brother Joseph-François and older half-sister Marie-Anne.  After his uncle Louis reached the colony, Pierre and his brother followed his uncle and aunt to upper Bayou Lafourche, where Pierre married Anne, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Dantin and his French wife Jeanne Gesmier, at Assumption in June 1795.  Anne, a native of France, also had come to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié.  Pierre-Alexis and Anne settled down bayou in what became Interior and then Lafourche Interior Parish.  Pierre Alexis's succession record was filed at the Thibodauxville courthouse, Lafourche Interior Parish, in July 1818; he would have been 50 years old that year.  His daughters married into the Ledet, Malbrough, Pitre, Roger, and Usé families.  The majority of Acadian Achées in Louisiana are descended from Pierre Alexis and his oldest son.  

1

Oldest son Jean-Pierre, baptized at Assumption in December 1796, married Rosalie Ayraud or Aymond.  They settled on the upper Lafourche in Ascension Parish and then later moved down bayou to Lafourche Interior Parish.  Joseph Oscar, also called Oscar J., was born in Ascension Parish in November 1833, Pierre Théard in April 1835, Jean Marie Louis in St. James Parish in April 1837, Jean Léopold, called Léopold and Jean Marie Leon, in Ascension Parish in February 1839, Bélisaire Clément in St. James Parish in September 1840, Jérôme Kleber or Clebert, called Clebert, in June 1842, Benjamin Elphége, called Elphége, in Ascension Parish in November 1846, Pierre Ernest in July 1848 but died in Lafourche Interior Parish at age 2 1/2 in February 1851, François Silvestre was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1851, William Prosper in Ascension Parish in June 1852, Lucien Augustin in July 1853, and Antoine Anatole in November 1855.  Their daughter married into the Munch family.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish, counted six slaves--2 males and 4 females, all black, ranging in age from 40 years to 9 months--on Jean Pierre Achée's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  

1a

Joseph Oscar married Elina, daughter of Joseph Simoneaux and his Acadian wife Clémense Bergeron and widow of Terence LeBlanc, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in May 1857; Elina's mother was a Bergeron.  Their son Joseph Samuel was born in Assumption Parish in October 1858.  During the War of 1861, Joseph Oscar served in Company H of the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Cavalry, raised in Assumption Parish, which fought in Louisiana.  In March 1864, at the beginning of the Red River Campaign, he was captured along with his unit at Henderson Hill; he spent some time in a U.S. army hospital at New Orleans, so he may have been wounded in action, and was exchanged the following July.  After the war, Joseph Oscar may have crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and moved to St. Martin Parish, where he remarried to Amelie Courville.  Their daughters were born near Breaux Bridge in St. Martin Parish. 

1b

Pierre Théard may have married Natalie Quarantin.  Their son Osémé was born near Paincourtville, Assumption Parish, in February 1853.  Pierre remarried to Rosalie Amanda, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Bernard and Clémence Roger, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in September 1855.  They lived near the boundary between Lafourche and Assumption parishes.  Their son Louis Philibert was born in November 1858, Joseph William Bélisaire in August 1866, and Pierre Samuel in December 1868.  

1c

Jean Léopold married Marie Adolphine, called Adolphine, daughter of Jean Baptiste Pitre and Matilde Adélaïde Marse, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1859.  During the War of 1861-65, Jean Léopold served as a sergeant in Company K of the 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Ascension Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of Robert E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Jean Léopold was seriously wounded in the Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia, in July 1862.  He was sent to hospitals at Lynchburg and Danville to recuperate.  In November 1862, he was placed on a list of soldiers unfit for duty, demoted to private, discharged for disability, and returned home.  Daughter Mathilde Rosalie was born near Labadieville in December 1863, and son André Courade in November 1867. 

1d

During the War of 1861-65, Bélisaire Clément served in Company G of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafourche Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.  He enlisted in the company at Camp Moore, Louisiana, on 5 October 1861, age 21, and was promoted to corporal on 1 April 1862.  Five days later, he was killed in action in the Battle of Shiloh, near Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. 

1e

Clebert married Aimée, daughter of John Burnes and Amelia Porche, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1864. 

1f

Elphége married Florence, daughter of François Barthet and his Acadian wife Irma Aucoin, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in May 1870.

2

Jean-Baptiste, born probably at Assumption in c1798, married Marie Ursule, daughter of French Creole Antoine Boutary and his Acadian wife Marie Hébert, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1820.  In December 1850, the federal census taker in Lafourche Interior Parish counted 2 slaves--a 30-year-old black male, and a 27-year-old black female--on J. B. Achée's farm at Thibodaux.  Jean Baptiste died in Lafourche Parish in August 1855; the Thibodaux priest who recorded his burial said that Jean Baptiste was 62 years old when he died, but he probably was closer to 57.  He seems to have fathered no sons.  

3

Achille, born in January 1799, probably died young.  

4

Célestin, born in March 1805, may have died young.  

5

Youngest son Joseph François, called François, born in Assumption Parish in July 1818, married Marie Clarisse, daughter of Maurice Simoneaux and his Acadian wife Geneviève Landry, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1833; Marie's mother was a Landry.  They moved to Lafayette Parish on the western prairies.  

Descendants of Pierre-Charles ACHÉE (1774-1831; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant)

Pierre-Charles, only son of Louis Haché and his second wife Françoise Doucet, was baptized at Châtellerault, Poitou, France, in November 1774.  He came to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785, with his mother and three orphaned cousins.  When his father reached the colony, he followed his parents to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he married Marie-Melanie, daughter of fellow Acadians Michel Bourgeois and Marie-Osite Landry of St.-Jacques, in c1797.  Marie was a native of Louisiana.  They settled at Assumption, where most of their children, including many sons, were born.  Pierre Charles died in Assumption Parish in July 1831; he was 58 years old.  

1

Oldest son Urbin, born at Assumption in September 1798, married Azélie, 18-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Benjamin Landry and Anne Landry, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in January 1820, and settled in Iberville Parish on the river, where Urbin remarried. 

2

Louis le jeune, born at Assumption in November 1799, probably died young.  

3

François-Marie, born at Assumption in May 1801, may have died young.

4

Pierre Sylvain or Simon, called Simon, born at Ascension in December 1805, married Colette, also called Belotte, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Landry and Scholastique Templet, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in November 1834.  Their son Désiré Simon was born in Assumption Parish in May 1837, Aurestile Forestal in December 1838, Joseph Gervile in September 1842, Simon Pierson, called Pierson, in September 1846, Constant Camille in December 1854, and Ernest Adrien in March 1860.  Their daughter married into the Barbier family.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted a single slave--a 49-year-old black male--on Simon Achée's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  

Pierson married Emma, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Boudreaux and Emilie Wanney, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in July 1869.  Pierson remarried to Marguerite Bennett and moved to St. Mary Parish, on lower Bayou Teche, during the late 1800s.  

5

Onésime, born at Ascension in November 1806, married Marie Zéolide or Zéolite, daughter of fellow Acadians Lubin LeBlanc and Marie Mélanie Aucoin, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in October 1828.  Their son Joseph Séverin, called Séverin, was born in Assumption Parish in February 1841 but died at age 8 in July 1849, and Paul Théolin or Théophile, called Théophile, was born in January 1848.  Their daughters married into the Dugas and Simoneaux families.  

Théophile married Alida, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Blanchard and Elisa Hébert, at the Paincourtville church, Assumption Parish, in June 1867. 

6

Marcellin, born at St.-Jacques  in January 1811, may have died young.  

7

Rosémond, born probably in Assumption Parish in the early 1810s, married Marie Claire, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Doiron and his Creole wife Catherine Paille, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in November 1834.  They settled in Iberville Parish on the river, near his older brother Urbin.

8

Youngest son Zéphirin, born in Assumption Parish in August 1815, may have died young.

~

Other ACHÈEs in the Lafourche Valley

Area church and civil records make it difficult to link some Achées in the Bayou Lafourche valley with known Acadian lines of the family there:

Clementine Haché married Adolphe Badeaux, probably a French Creole, in a civil ceremony in Lafourche Parish in February 1867.  The parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names. 

Élizabeth Achée married Anglo American Richard Taylor at Labadieville church, Lafourche Parish, in September 1868.  The priest who recorded the marriage did not bother to give the couple's parents' names. 

LOUISIANA:  RIVER SETTLEMENTS

Several Haché families emigrated to Louisiana from France aboard two of the Seven Ships of 1785.  Some of them settled on the river, but they all were females, so no family lines were established there during the late colonial period:

Orphaned sisters Hélène, age 21, Marie-Josèphe, age 16, and Élisabeth-Marie, age 8, daughters of Joseph Haché and Marie Dumont of Île St.-Jean, crossed on Le Bon Papa, the first of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in July.  Hélène and Élisabeth followed the majority of the passengers from their ship to the Manchac/Baton Rouge area, on the river above New Orleans.  Marie-Josèphe may have remained at New Orleans.  She married Antonio Ramirez of San Bernardo, an Isleño community south of the city, and died there, age 20, probably as a result of childbirth, in August 1790.  Hélène married fellow Acadian Jean-Baptiste, son of Étienne-Michel David, at St.-Jacques, downriver from Manchac, in October 1788.  Élisabeth married French Creole Joseph, son of François-Claude Callandrot, at St.-Jacques in May 1794.

Marie-Jeanne, age 19, orphaned daughter of Antoine Haché of Île St.-Jean, also crossed on Le Bon Papa, with the family of Jean-Baptiste Dugas.  She followed them to the St.-Gabriel de Manchac/Baton Rouge area, where she married Charles-Mathurin, called Mathurin, son of fellow Acadian exile in France Ignace Usé, in November 1786.

Also aboard Le Bon Papa was Anne Boudreau, age 40, widow of Jacques Haché of Île St.-Jean, and her daughters Marie-Jeanne Haché, age 15, and Marguerite-Marie Haché, age 11, both born at St.-Servan, France.  They, too, settled at Manchac, where Marie-Jeanne married Francois, son of Charles Sevin of St.-Malo, in June 1787.  Marie-Jeanne remarried to Simon, son of fellow Acadian Simon Babin and widower of Marie-Madeleine Lejeune and Anne Quimine, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in April 1822.

.

Anne Olivier, age 64, widow of Jean-Baptiste Haché, and her niece, Madeleine-Apolline Haché, age 10, daughter of Jean-Baptiste's younger brother Joseph, crossed on L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in November.  They did not go to upper Bayou Lafourche with the majority of the passengers from their ship but settled, instead, at San Bernardo, on the river below New Orleans.  

~

In a reversal of the usual Acadian settlement pattern, Achées moved from upper Bayou Lafourche to the river during the late colonial and early antebellum periods and settled on the old Acadian Coast:  

Frédéric ACHEÈ (c1770-1839; Michel dit Gallant, Joseph dit Gallant)

Frédéric, son of Jean-Charles Haché and his second wife Marie Hébert, born at Nantes, France, in c1770, came to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, in 1785, and followed his older brother Jean-Baptiste-Charles and other relatives to upper Bayou Lafourche, but he did not remain there.  During the late colonial or early antebellum period, he moved to what became Iberville Parish, where he died near St. Gabriel in March 1839; the priest who recorded the burial, and who did not bother to give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Frédéric, "nat. of Nantes, France," died at "age 80 yrs.," but he was probably closer to 70.  Evidently he did not marry. 

Descendants of Urbin ACHÉE (1798-1836; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant, Louis)

Urbin, eldest son of Pierre-Charles Achée and Marie-Mélanie Bourgeois, born at Assumption on upper Bayou Lafourche in September 1798, seems to have married three times, first to Azélie, also called Madeleine, 18-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Benjamin Landry and and Anne Landry, at the St. James church, St. James Parish, in January 1820; to Carmelite Placencia or Plaisance, probably an Isleño Creole; and, finally, to Marguerite Domitille, called Domitille, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Dupuy and Henrietta LeBlanc, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in March 1829.  Urbin and his first family lived briefly on upper Bayou Lafourche in the early 1820s before moving to Iberville Parish, where he died in December 1836; he was only 32 years old.  A daughter by his first wife may have married into the Dugas family, and his daughters by his third wife married into the Geinglins, Housiaux, and LeBlanc families.  One of his sons, the only one who survived childhood, moved to the Bayou Teche valley in the late 1800s.  

1

Oldest son Louis Urbin, by his father's first wife, was born in Assumption Parish in July 1821 but died at age 15 months in October 1822.  

2

Narcisse, by his father's second wife, was baptized at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, age 4 months, in July 1829.  He also may have died young.

3

Pierre, by his father's third wife, born in Iberville Parish in October 1831, married Marie or Marine, daughter of fellow Acadian Narcisse Hébert and his Creole wife Mary Virginia Langlois, at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in June 1854.  After the War of 1861-65, they crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and settled in St. Martin Parish.  

4

Youngest son Joseph, by his father's third wife, orn in Iberville Parish in March 1836, died a week after his birth.  

Descendants of Rosémond ACHÉE (?-?; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant, Louis)

Rosémond, a younger son of Pierre-Charles Achée and Marie-Mélanie Bourgeois, born probably in Assumption Parish in the early 1810s, married Marie Claire or Clara, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Doiron and his Creole wife Catherine Paille, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in November 1834 and settled in Iberville Parish. 

1

Their oldest son, name not recorded, died an infant near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in August 1835. 

2

Sébastien, born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in September 1839, died at age 1 in October 1840. 

3

Valsin was born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in December 1840.  

4

Rosémond, fils, was born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in November 1842.  During the War of 1861-65, Rosémond served in Companies A and C of the 9th Battalion Louisiana Infantry, raised in East Baton Rouge Parish, which served in Louisiana.  He deserted his unit late in the war and was captured by the Federals.  Rosémond, fils married Louisiana Husiaux or Housiaux at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in July 1868. 

5

Théodule, also called Jules, born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in March 1845, married Evelina, daughter of Jérôme Toups and Marie Marguerite Brown, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in April 1864.  During the War of 1861, Jules also served in Companies A and C of the 9th Battalion Louisiana Infantry; he, too, deserted his unit in the last days of the war.  He remarried to Marie Uranie, daughter of Omer Antoine Langlois and Virginia Langlois, at the St. Gabriel church in September 1867. 

6

Youngest son Émile was born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in December 1846.  

LOUISIANA:  WESTERN SETTLEMENTS

One of the Haché brothers who came to Louisiana with his paternal aunt in 1785 settled at first with his aunt and siblings on upper Bayou Lafourche, but he did not remain there.  In the early 1800s, he moved to the Attakapas District, where he established a western branch of the family that died out early.   Other Achées from the Lafourche valley and the river parishes, including Joseph-François's namesake nephew, also settled in the old Attakapas District in the early 1800s, but none of them established lines there until the late 1800s.  

Descendants of Joseph-François ACHÉE l'aîné (1772-1831; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant)

Joseph-François, also called Joseph dit Canawche, younger son of Pierre Haché and his third wife Madeleine Dingle, was born at St.-Servan, near St.-Malo, France, in June 1772.  He came to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785, with his paternal aunt, Francoise Doucet, wife of uncle Louis Haché, and two siblings, older brother Pierre and older half-sister, Anne-Marie.  After his uncle Louis reached the colony, Joseph-Francois and his brother followed his aunt and uncle to upper Bayou Lafourche.  Joseph-François married Anne-Geneviève, called Geneviève, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean-Baptiste LeBlanc and Marguerite Célestin dit Bellemère, at Ascension in January 1803.  Geneviève had been born on Belle-Île-en-Mer, France, and had come to Louisiana also as an orphan, with four of her siblings, aboard Le Beaumont, the third of the Seven Ships.  Joseph-François and Geneviève did not remain at Ascension but crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and settled at Fausse Pointe, on Bayou Teche, in the early 1800s.  Geneviève died at Fausse Pointe in August 1812; she was only 30 years old.  Their daughters married into the Daigle, Hébert, and L'ascange or Lascoureiges families.  Joseph François remarried to Anastasie, daughter of fellow Acadian François Guilbeau and Madeleine Broussard and widow of Donat Breaux, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in October 1819.  She seems to have given him no more children.  Joseph Francois died in Lafayette Parish in December 1831; the priest who recorded his burial said that Joseph was 55 years old when he died, but he was 59.

Only son Jean-Pierre, by his father's first wife, born at Assumption in September 1804, accompanied his family to the Attakapas District, but he may not have married.    

Joseph François ACHÉE le jeune (1818-1859; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant, Pierre)

Joseph François le jeune, called François and Pierre, youngest son of Pierre Alexis Achée and Anne Dantin, and nephew of Joseph François Achée l'aîné of Lafayette Parish, was born in Assumption Parish in July 1818.  He married Marie Clarisse, called Clarisse, daughter of French Creole Maurice Simoneaux, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1833; Marie's mother was a Landry.  In the 1840s, Joseph François settled in the old Attakapas District near his namesake uncle.  Joseph François le jeune died in St. Martin Parish in September 1859; he was only 41 years old.  He seems to have fathered no sons.  

Descendants of Pierre ACHÉE (1831-?; Michel dit Gallant, Jean-Baptiste dit Gallant; Louis, Pierre-Charles)

Pierre, son of Urbin Achée and his third wife, Marguerite Domitile Dupuy, was born in Iberville Parish in October 1831.  He seems to have been the only one of his father's four sons to survive childhood.  Pierre married Marie or Marine, daughter of fellow Acadian Narcisse Hébert and his Creole wife Mary Virginia Langlois, at the Plaquemine church, Iberville Parish, in June 1854.  Soon after the War of 1861-65, Pierre and Marie settled in St. Martin Parish, where their daughter Marie Virginia or Virginie, called Virginie, born near Plaquemine in March 1864, married Joseph Ernest, son of Ernest Cormier, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in January 1881; the priest who recorded the marriage noted that Pierre and Marie were deceased at the time of the wedding.  

1

Oldest son Jean Silentiel or Silezian, born in Iberville Parish in May 1856, died "at the point across from Plaquemine" at age 6 months the following November.  

2

Pierre Rudolphe, born near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in February 1859, may have married Spanish Creole Mathilde Lopez.  

3

Apollinaire was born near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in July 1861.  

4

Joseph Oscar was born in St. Martin Parish in March 1867. 

5

Paul was born in St. Martin Parish in March 1870. 

NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA

At least one Frenchman with a similar-sounding surname lived on the western prairies during the early 1800s.  Other Haché/Achées of South Louisiana may have been descendants of the Haché's of Acadia, but church records are unclear about their connection to them.  Some of them may have been Afro Creoles who took the Acadian family's surname:

Benjamin Désiré Achet of Boullert, Department du Cher, France, died in St. Martin Parish in November 1828.  He was only 40 years old.  The priest who recorded his burial said nothing about a wife and children, so he may have left no heirs. 

René Jean Baptiste, son of Pierre Hacker and Marie Louise Mahe-Desportas of New Orleans, married Émile Léocade, daughter of Samuel Charles Meyer and widow of Ursin Gonsoulin, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in December 1835.  They crossed the Atchafalaya Basin and moved to the New Iberia area, where they raised a large family.  The New Iberia priests tended to call René Jean Baptiste an Achée or Haché, but he was neither.  

Marie Dechamp married a Dr. Haché at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1846. 

John Haches married Lena Chultz.  Their son James Barnet was born in Pointe Coupee Parish in December 1856.  

Hilaire Haché, also called Acher, born in c1844, married Thérèse Louis Sam in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in September 1867 and settled near Arnaudville.  Hilaire died near Arnaudville in September 1889; he was only 45 years old.  

Frédéric Acher married Olymphe Donate.  Their daughter married into the Guidry family in St. Landry Parish in November 1867.  Frédéric died "in Opel[ousas]" in August 1869; he was 62 years old.  His succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse the day of his death. 

Gabriel, son of Carlotta Haché, married Marie, daughter of Céleste Cerison, at the Convent church, St. James Parish, in March 1870.  Were they Afro Creoles?

CONCLUSION

Hachés were among the early settlers of Acadia, but they came "late" to Louisiana.  If the Spanish government had not coaxed over 1,500 Acadians in France to emigrate to the colony, there might be no Haché/Achées in the Bayou State today, at least none descended from Acadians. 

Seventeen of them came to the colony on two of the Seven Ships from France in 1785, most of them females.  One wife followed her husband to San Bernardo below New Orleans in present-day St. Bernard Parish, but the rest of them settled at Manchac on the river or on upper Bayou Lafourche.  By the early 1790s, two Haché cousins--from whom all of the Acadian Acheés in Louisiana descend--were living on the upper bayou in present-day Assumption Parish.  Although some of their descendants moved to the river in the early 1800s, the Bayou Lafourche valley remained the largest center of family settlement.  Lafourche valley Achées also moved to the old Attakapas District during the early antebellum period, but not until after the War of 1861-65 did a line of the family set down roots on the western prairies. 

Local church records reveal no members of the family, other than Acadians, living in Louisiana during the colonial period.  A few non-Acadian Hachés appear in South Louisiana records during the antebellum period, but their numbers never came close to matching their Acadian namesakes on the Lafourche and the Mississippi.  

Judging from the number of slaves they owned during the late antebellum period, the Achées participated only peripherally in the South's plantation-based economy.  Jean Pierre Achée of Assumption Parish owned six slaves in 1850.  His younger brother Jean Baptiste, also of Assumption Parish, held two slaves that year.  But no Achée owned enough slaves (20) to be considered a planter.  Most members of the family, in fact, held no slaves at all. 

At least half a dozen Achées served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65, and at least one of them gave his life while doing it.  Two brothers from Iberville Parish--Jules and Rosemond--deserted their unit, the 9th Battalion Louisiana Infantry, in the final days of the war, but their cousins served honorably.  Léon Achée from Assumption Parish served in the 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry as a junior second lieutenant before resigning his commission in September 1862.  Another Assumption Parish Achée--one of three brothers--served as a sergeant in the 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, which was part of General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia; Jean Léopold Achée suffered such a serious wound at Malvern Hill, Virginia, in July 1862 that, after his recuperation, he was discharged from service.  His older brother Joseph Oscar served in the 2nd Regiment Louisiana Cavalry, was wounded and captured at Henderson Hill, Louisiana, in March 1864, early in the Red River Campaign, and was held by the Federals at New Orleans until the following July.  Their youngest brother, Bélisaire, enlisted early in Company G of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, members of which styled themselves the Lafourche Creoles; Bélisaire was promoted to corporal on 1 April 1862 and was killed in action five days later at Shiloh, Tennessee. 

During the war, successive Federal incursions devastated the Bayou Lafourche valley, where most of the Acadian Achées still lived.  Confederate foragers also plagued the area when the Federals were not around.  ...

In Acadia, the family's name was spelled Galland, Hachey, and Larché dit Gallant, as well as Haché dit Gallant (haché is French for hatchet).  In Canada, family members tend to use their ancestors' dit, Gallant, as their surname; they are especially numerous on Prince Edward Island, where the family's pregenitor settled.  The original part of the family name is also spelled Ashee, Hache, Haché, Hachey, and Hachez in the provinces.  In Louisiana, the family's name evolved fromt Haché to Achée and is also spelled Achais, Aché, Acher, Achet, Ahhe, Hachet, Hachez, Hacker in the Bayou State.   [See Book Ten for the family's Louisiana "begats"]

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption Parish; Arsenault, Généalogie, 983-88, 1659, 2097-2116, 2237, 2302, 2350-51, 2505-07; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:5-165; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 78, 105, 112, 140, 150, 176-79, 295, 555; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vol. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; Jobb, The Cajuns, 162, source of quote; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Duc_Guillaume.htm>, Family Nos. 18, 20; Milling, Exile Without End, 42; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Supply.htm>, Family No. 7; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Tamerlan.htm>, Family No. 5; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family Nos. 62, 108, 116, 130; Robichaux, Acadians in Chatellerault, 50-53; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 78-82; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 54, 115, 187, 428-40; White, DGFA-1, 791-94; White, DGFA-1 English, 162-63.  

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parentheses; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Anne-Marie ACHÉE 01 Nov 1785 SB born c1750, Île St.-Jean; called Marie; daughter of Jean-Baptiste HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Anne OLIVIER; at Rivière-du-Nord-Est, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, age 22 months; married, age 20, Jean-Charles, son of Charles BENOIT & Madeleine THÉRIOT, 9 Jan 1770, St.-Servan, France; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Marie HACHET, with husband, 3 sons, & 1 daughter; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 34 [her husband sailed on La Caroline]; settled near English Turn, below New Orleans
Bonne-Marie-Madeleine ACHÉE 13 Nov 1785 Asp, Atk born & baptized 9 Mar 1765, Cherbourg, France; called Bonne; daughter of Jean-Charles HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his second wife Marie HÉBERT; sister of Frédéric & Jean-Baptiste-Charles; at Cherbourg 1765-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 18, traveled with brother; moved to Attakapas District; married, age 21, Joseph dit Tino of Fort Vincennes, IN, son of Alexis ST. GERMAIN & Josèphe QUEBEDEAUX of Fort Chartres, IL, 16 Aug 1788, Attakapas, now St. Martinville
Élisabeth/Isabelle-Marie ACHÉE 02 Jul 1785 StG, StJ baptized 21 Aug 1776, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, France; daughter of Joseph HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie DUMONT of Île St.-Jean; sister of Hélène, Madeleine-Apolline, & Marie-Josèphe; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 8, traveled with sisters; moved to St.-Jacques; married, age 17, Joseph, son of François-Claude CALANDROT & Marie TALLONS of France, 20 May 1794, St.-Jacques
Frédéric ACHÉE 03 Nov 1785 Asp, StG born c1770, Nantes, France; son of Jean-Charles HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his second wife Marie HÉBERT of Île St.-Jean; brother of Bonne-Marie-Madeleine & Jean-Baptiste-Charles; at Cherbourg 1770-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; day laborer; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 15, traveled with brother; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Frédéric HACHEZ, age 18, listed singly, with 6 arpents, 20 qts. corn, 2 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Frederico AHHÉ, age 30[sic], with family of Francisco BENOIT; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Frédéric HACHÉ, single, age 31[sic], with Guillaume ARSEMEN, 0 slaves; probably never married; moved to Iberville Parish; died [buried] St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, 28 Mar 1839, age 80[sic]
Hélène ACHÉE 04 Jul 1785 StG, StJ born 14 Mar 1764, baptized next day, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Joseph HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie DUMONT of Île St.-Jean; sister of Élisabeth-Marie, Madeleine-Apolline, & Marie-Josèphe; at St.-Servan 1764-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 21, traveled with younger sisters; moved to St.-Jacques; married, age 24, Jean-Baptiste, son of Étienne-Michel DAVID & Geneviève HÉBERT of Louisbourg, 14 Oct 1788, St.-Jacques; died "on grounds of Mr. MATHER," St. James Parish, buried 7 Mar 1823, Convent, age 60
Jean-Baptiste-Charles ACHÉE 05 Nov 1785 Asp born & baptized 23 Dec 1762, Très-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, France; called Jean-Charles; son of Jean-Charles HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his second wife Marie HÉBERT; brother of Bonne-Marie-Madeleine & Frédéric; at Cherbourg 1762-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; sailor; married, age 22, Marie-Modeste, daughter of probably Charles PINET dit PINEL & Anne-Marie DUREL, 11 Nov 1784, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 22, head of family; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, medium axe, shovel, hatchet, knife, & 3 hoes; died probably Lafourche c1786, age 24
Joseph-François ACHÉE 06 Nov 1785 Asc, Atk born & baptized 5 Jun 1772, St.-Servan, France; son of Pierre HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his third wife Madeleine DINGLE; brother of Pierre-Alexis, half-brother of Marie-Anne; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with his widowed mother & siblings; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 10, traveled as a "minor" with paternal aunt Françoise DOUCET, wife of Louis ACHÉE; married, age 30, (1)Anne-Geneviève of Belle-Île-en-Mer, France, daughter of Jean-Baptiste LEBLANC & his second wife Marguerite CÉLESTIN dit BELLEMÈRE of Grand-Pré, 24 Jan 1803, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; moved to Attakapas District; married, age 44, (2)Anastasie, daughter of François GUILBEAU & Madeleine BROUSSARD, & widow of Donat BREAUX, 6 Oct 1819, St. Martinville; died Lafayette Parish 21 Dec 1831, age 55[sic]
*Louis ACHÉE 07 1785 Asp born 8 Jun 1741, baptized 30 Jul 1741, St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean; son of Jean-Baptiste HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Anne-Marie or Marie-Anne GENTIL of Chignecto; at Rivière-du-Nord-Est, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, age 10, with widowed mother & siblings; deported from Île St.-Jean to Cherbourg, France, 1758-59; arrived St.-Malo, France, from Cherbourg, 6 Apr 1759; at St.-Énogat, France, 1759-60; embarked on corsair Le Français, 28 Nov 1760, age 19, captured by English, imprisoned in England 1761-63; returned to St.-Malo 1 May 1763, age 21; at St.-Servan, France, 1763-72; married, age 23, (1)Anne, daughter of Claude BENOIT & Élisabeth THÉRIOT, 5 Feb 1765, St.-Servan, France; married, age 28, (2)Françoise, daughter of François DOUCET & Marie CARRET, & widow of Alexis RENAUD, 20 Feb 1770, St.-Servan; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Louis HACHET, with wife Françoise & 2 unnamed sons; arrived LA probably 1785, age 44; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Louis HACHÉ, age 50, with wife Françoise age 52, son Pierre age 16, 0 slaves, 7 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 400 qts. corn, 15 horned cattle, 2 horses, 25 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Luis ABCHER, age 52[sic], with wife Francisca age 53, & son Pedro age 20; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Louis ACHÉ, age 53[sic], with wife Françoise age 54, & son Pierre age 21, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Louis HACHÉ, age 54[sic], with wife Françoise age 54, no children, 6/20 arpents, 0 slaves, next to son Pierre
Madeleine-Apolline ACHÉE 08 Nov 1785 SB born & baptized 25 Nov 1771, St.-Servan, France, a twin; daughter of Joseph HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie DUMONT of Île St.-Jean; sister of Élisabeth-Marie, Hélène, & Marie-Josèphe; at St.-Servan 1771-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, unnamed, an orphan, with [aunt] Anne OLIVIER, widow Jean HATCHET[sic], & others; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 10, traveled with aunt, Anne OLIVIER, widow of Jean-Baptiste ACHÉE
Marguerite-Marie ACHÉE 09 Jul 1785 StG, StJ born & baptized 15 Aug 1773, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Jacques HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Anne BOUDREAUX; sister of Marie-Jeanne; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with widowed mother & sister; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 11, traveled with widowed mother; never married?; died [buried] St. James Parish 26 Oct 1847, age 76[sic]
Marie-Anne ACHÉE 12 Nov 1785 Asp born & baptized 13 Oct 1765, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Pierre HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his second wife Anne DUMONT; half-sister of Joseph-François & Pierre-Alexis; at St.-Servan 1765-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, an orphan with the family of [uncle] Louis HACHET; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 19, traveled as a "minor" with paternal aunt Françoise DOUCET, wife of Louis ACHÉE; married, age 19, (1)Louis-Antoine, son of Louis CHARRIÉ & Marie DELORMO of Nior, Poitou, France, 1 Dec 1785, New Orleans, soon after they reached LA on the same ship; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Marie, no surname given, age 20[sic], with husband Louis-Antoine CHARIEE age 24, no children, 6 arpents, 25 qts. corn, 6 swine; married, age 24, (2) Pierre, son of Pierre de ST. ANGEL & Eve FLAVIA of Québec, & widower of _____, 13 Dec 1790, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie HACHÉ, age 24, with husband Pierre ST. ANGE age 40, son Pierre-Charles [CHARRIER] age 3, 0 slaves, 16 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 100 qts. corn, 0 horned cattle, 0 horses, 18 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria AHHÉ, age 32[sic], with husband Pedro SAINTONGE age 50, sons Pedro[-Charles CHARRIER] age 8 & Luis [probably ST. ANGEL] age 5; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie HACHÉ, age 32, with husband Pierre ST. ANGE age 51, sons Pierre [CHARRIER] age 9, & Louis [ST. ANGE] age 6, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 31, with husband Pierre ST. ANGE age 50, sons Louis [ST. ANGE] age 9, & Charie [ST. ANGE?] age 6, 8/15 arpents, 0 slaves; married, age 33, (3)Michel, son of Michel BARRE & Josèphe BELLEISLE of Montréal, 12 May 1799, Assumption, now Plattenville
Marie-Jeanne ACHÉE 10 Jul 1785 StG, BR, Asp born 24 Oct 1766, baptized next day, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Antoine HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie CLÉMENCEAU of Île St.-Jean; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, orphan with family of Jean-Bte. DUGAS; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 18, traveled as an orphan & minor with family of Jean-Baptiste DUGAS; married, age 19, Mathurin-Charles, son of Ignace USÉ & his second wife Cécile BOURG, 13 Nov 1786, St.-Gabriel; moved to Baton Rouge District; on list of Acadians at Baton Rouge, 1788, unnamed, with husband & 1 unnamed child; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria AHHÉ, age 29, with husband & 4 sons; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie HACHÉ, age 30, with husband & 4 sons; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 30, with husband & 4 sons
Marie-Jeanne ACHÉE 11 Jul 1785 StG, BR, Asp, Lf born & baptized 29 Dec 1769, St.-Servan, France; called Jeanne; daughter of Jacques HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Anne BOUDREAUX; sister of Marguerite-Marie; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with widowed mother & sister; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 15, traveled with widowed mother; moved to Baton Rouge District; married, age 17, (1)François, son of Charles SEVIN & Marie HUGUE of St.-Malo, France, 14 Jun 1787, probably Baton Rouge; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Marie AHHÉ, age 28[sic], with husband Francisco SEVIN age 30, sons Carlos [SEVIN] age 8, Angel [SEVIN] age 1, daughters Elisa [SEVIN] age 6, Maria [SEVIN] age 4, & Constancia [SEVIN] age 4; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Maria HACHÉ, age 29[sic], with husband Francisco SEVIN age 31, sons Charles [SEVIN] age 9, Angel [SEVIN] age 2, daughters Constance [SEVIN] age 14[sic, probably 4], Élise [SEVIN] age 7, & Maria [SEVIN] age 5, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 27, with husband Francois SEVEN age 32, sons Charles [SEVEN] age 9, Francois [SEVEN] age 2, daughters Elise [SEVEN] age 8, Émilie [SEVEN] age 5, & Marie [SEVEN] age 1, 10/20 arpents, 0 slaves; first succession inventory, dated 23 Jun 1812, Thibodeauxville courthouse; married, age 52, (2)Magloire-Simon or Simon-Magloire, son of Simon BABIN & his first wife Anastasie THÉRIOT, & widower of Marie-Madeleine LEJEUNE & Anne QUIMINE, 24 Apr 1822, Lafourche Interior Parish; died [buried] 18 Sep 1832 Lafourche Interior Parish, age 62; succession inventory dated 2 Jan 1833, Thibodauxville courthouse
Marie-Josèphe ACHÉE 14 Jul 1785 StG?, SB born & baptized 16 Dec 1769, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Joseph HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie DUMONT of Île St.-Jean; sister of Élisabeth-Marie, Hélène, & Madeleine-Apolline; at St.-Servan 1769-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Second Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Nov 1775; sailed to LA on Le Bon Papa, age 16, traveled with sisters; moved to San Bernardo; married Antonio RAMIREZ, late 1780s, probably San Bernardo; died & buried San Bernardo 18 Aug 1790, age 20
*Martina/Martine ACHÉE 15 Nov 1785 Asp, Lf born 13 Aug 1785, Nantes or Paimboeuf, France, a week before departure; daughter of Jean-Charles HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Marie-Modeste PINET; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, an infant; baptized probably aboard ship; baptized again 27 Nov 1785, New Orleans, soon after the family reached LA; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, right bank, called Martinne, age 2, with widowed mother; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Martine, no surname given, age 6, with stepfather François BENOIT, mother, & stepbrother; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Magdalena[sic], no surname given, age 10, with stepfather Francisco BENOIT, mother, stepsiblings, uncle Frederico AHHÉ, & [engagé] Guillermo ARSEMENT; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Martin his son[sic], no surname given, age 11, with stepfather François BENOIT, mother, & stepsiblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Martines, his daughter, no surname given, age 11, with stepfather François BENOIT, mother, & stepsiblings; married, age 19, Jean-Baptiste-Pierre dit Alequin, son of Olivier THIBODEAUX & his second wife Élisabeth or Isabelle BOUDREAUX, & widower of Marie-Rose DAMOUR [LOUVIÈRE], 4 Nov 1804, Assumption, now Plattenville; died Lafourche Parish 18 Jul 1861, age 80[sic] #
Pierre-Alexis ACHÉE 16 Nov 1785 Asp, Lf born & baptized 14 Mar 1768, St.-Servan, France; called Alexis; son of Pierre HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his third wife Madeleine DINGLE; brother of Joseph-François, half-brother of Marie-Anne; at St.-Servan 1768-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with widowed mother & siblings; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 16, traveled as a "minor" with paternal aunt Françoise DOUCET, wife of Louis ACHÉE; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Pierre HACHÉ, age 22, listed singly, with 0 slaves, 15 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 60 qts. corn, 20 horned cattle, 0 horses, 9 swine; married, age 26, Anne, daughter of Louis DANTIN & his first wife Jeanne GEMIER, 25 Jun 1795, Assumption, now Plattenville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Pedro AHHÉ, age 25, with wife Ana age 20, & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Pierre HACHÉ, age 26[sic], with wife Anne age 21, no children, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Pierre HACHEZ, age 25[sic], with wife Anne age 20, & son Jean-Baptiste age 2, 5/60 arpents, 0 slaves; succession inventory dated 21 Jul 1818, Lafourche Interior Parish courthouse; probate sale of property dated 14 Jul 1821, Lafourche Interior Parish courthouse
Pierre-Charles ACHÉE 17 Nov 1785 Asp baptized 9 Nov 1774, St.-Jean L'Evangeliste, Châtellerault, France; son of Louis HACHÉ dit GALLANT & his second wife Françoise DOUCET; in Third Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, with parents, brother, & 3 orphans; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 10, traveled with mother et al.; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Pierre, age 16, with parents; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Pedro, age 20, with parents; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Pierre, age 21, with parents; married, age 23, Marie-Mélanie, daughter of Michel BOURGEOIS & his second wife Anne LANDRY of St.-Jacques, c1797, probably Assumption, now Plattenville; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Pierre HACHÉ, age 22, with wife Melanie age 18, no children, 9/20 arpents, 0 slaves, next to his parents

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 40 (pl.10R), calls her Marie HACHÉ, & lists her with her husband & 4 children; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2100, 2108, the Île St.-Jean section, calls her Anne-Marie HACHÉ-GALLANT, says she was born in 1750, gives her parents' names, & details her marriage; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 9, calls her Anne-Marie HACHÉ, says she was born c1749, gives her parents' names, & details her marriage; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 74-75, calls her Marie HACHÉ, sa [Jean-Charles BENOIT's] femme, age 34, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie HACHÉ, his [Jean-Charles BENOIT's] wife, age 34, on the complete listing, says she was in the 36th family aboard L'Amitié with her husband & 4 children, details her marriage, & says son Paul-Frédéric [BENOIT] was born in 1775 in but gives no birthplace.  See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:90; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 503; West, Atlas of LA Surnames, 151.  

English Turn was part of the Isleños San Bernardo settlement below New Orleans.

02.  Wall of Names, 28 (pl.6R), calls her Élisabeth [HACHÉ] soeur [of Élènne HACHÉ], & lists her with her 2 sisters (but indents her name as though she were the daughter of sister Marie-Josèphe, doubtlessly a typo); Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, the LA section, calls her Elizabeth HACHÉ, says she was born in 1777, gives her parents's names & says they were from Île St.-Jean; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 80-81, Family No. 152, her baptismal record, calls her Élisabeth-Marie HACHÉ, gives her parents' but not her godparents' names, & details the family's voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 8-9, calls her Élisabeth, sa [Élènne HACHÉ's] soeur, age 8, on the embarkation list, Isabel, su [Helena HACHÉ's] hermana, on the debarkation list, & Élisabeth HACHÉ, her [Hélène HACHÉ's] sister, age 8, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 30th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with her 2 sisters; BRDR, 2:1, 171 (SJA-2, 24), her marriage record, calls her Isabella ACHÉ, gives her parents' names, says they were from France, calls her husband's parents Claudio Francisco CALANDROT & Maria ROSSETALON, of France, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Joseph TÉRRIOT, Juan TÉRRIOT, & Pablo BOURGOIS.  The birth/baptismal record of son Jean-Baptiste, dated 7 Aug 1802, in BRDR, 2:171 (SJA-3, 244), calls Joseph's parents Francisco Claudio CALANDROT & Maria TALLONS, followed here.

03.  Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls him Fréderick HACHÉ, frère [of Jean-Charles], & lists him with his brother, sister, & sister-in-law; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, the LA section, his father's profile, calls him Frédéric [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, but does not give his birth year; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 50, Family No. 98, calls him Frédéric [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, & details his father's family's participation in Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 78-79, Family No. 148, calls him Frédéric [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, & details his family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 68-69, calls him Frederic HACHE, frère au dit [of Jean-Charles HACHÉ], journalier, age 15, on the embarkation list, does not include him on the debarkation list, calls him Frédéric HACHÉ, his [Jean-Charles HACHÉ's] brother, day laborer, age 15, on the complete listing, & says he was in the 17th Family aboard L'Amitié with his brother, sister, & sister-in-law; BRDR, 5(rev.):1 (SGA-8, 234), his death/burial record, calls him Frédéric ACHÉE, "nat. of Nantes, France," says he died at "age 80 yrs.," but does not gives his parents' names or mention a wife.  See also Robichuax, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 33, 52, 78.  

His parents being from Île St.-Jean is taken from his brother Jean-Baptiste-Charles's profile in Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506-07.

If he never married, why not?  

04.  Wall of Names, 28 (pl. 6R), calls her Élènne HACHÉ, & lists her with her 2 sisters; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, the LA section, calls her Hélène HACHÉ, says she was born in 1764, gives her parents' names, & says they were from Île St.-Jean; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 435-36, Family No. 487, her baptismal record, calls her Hélène HACHÉ, gives her parents' names, says her godparents were Adrien BENATRE & Hélene DUMONT, & that her family resided at St.-Servan from 1761-72; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 8-9, calls her Élènne HACHÉ, fille, age 21, on the embarkation list, Helena HACHÉ, soltera, on the debarkation list, & Hélène HACHE, single woman, age 21, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 30th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with her 2 sisters; BRDR, 2:1, 226 (SJA-2, 5), her marriage record, calls her Elena ACHÉ, gives her parents' names, her husband's parents' names, says they were from Acadia, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Ambrosio MARTEN & Rosalia MARTEN; BRDR, 4:1 (SMI-8, 51), her death/burial record, calls her Heneine ACHÉ, age 60, does not give her parents' names or mention a husband, says she "d. on grounds of Mr. MATHER, a widow with three children."

She was the only one of her sisters who married a fellow Acadian.  One sister married a French Creole, the other a Spaniard, probably an Isleño from the Canary Islands.

05.  Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls him Jean-Charles HACHÉ, & lists him with his wife, a brother, & a sister; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506-07, calls him Jean-Charles HACHÉ, says he was born in 1762 at Chantenay, France, gives his parents' names, says his mother was his father's second wife, that they were from Ile St.-Jean, details his marriage, gives his wife's name but not her parents' names, says he was on LA in 1785 with brother Frédéric & sister Marie-Bonne, details his burial, says his widow remarried to Francois BENOIT, & says his only child was Martine, born in c1785 but gives no birthplace; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 177, his birth/baptismal record, recorded at Trés-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, calls him Jean-Charles HACHÉ, gives his parents' names, calls his father a poissonier percheur, & says his godparents were Jean D'AIGLE & Marie HACHEZ; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 50, Family No. 98, calls him Jean-Baptiste-Charles [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, & details his father's family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 78-79, Family No. 148, calls him Jean-Baptiste-Charles [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, & details his father's family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 68-69, calls him Jean-Charles HACHÉ, marin, age 22, on the embarkation list, Juan Carlos HACHÉ, on the debarkation list, & Jean-Charles HACHÉ, sailor, age 22, on the complete listing, says he was in the 17th Family aboard L'Amitié with his wife, a brother, & a sister, & lists the implements the Spanish gave him after he reached LA.  See also Robichuax, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 31.  

How did he die at such a young age?  His daughter Martina/Martine, born at Nantes or Paimboeuf in Aug 1785, a week before the family sailed to LA, lived until Jul 1861 & was one of the last Acadian immigrants in LA to join our ancestors.  

06.  Wall of Names, 41, calls him Joseph HACHÉ, son [Françoise DOUCET's] mineur; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506, the LA Section, calls him Joseph-Francois HACHÉ, says he was born in 1772 but gives no birthplace, son of Pierre HACHÉ & his second wife Anne DUMONT of Île St.-Jean, gives his wife's name, her birthplace, her parents' names, & says that Joseph-Francois married again at St. Martinville, gives his wife's name & birthplace, her parents' names, but gets the mother-in-law's name wrong, the date, & place of marriage, & says his children, all from his first marriage, were Jean-Pierre, born in 1804, Marie, born in c1806, & Rosalie, born in c1808, but gives no birthplaces; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 438-40, Family No. 489, his birth/baptismal record, calls him Joseph-Francois HACHÉ, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Madeleine DINGLE, his [father's] third wife, says he was godson of Joseph GRANGER & Marguerite BENOIST, & that his family resided at St.-Servan from 1760-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82, Family No. 82, calls him Joseph [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, calls his mother Madeleine DAIGLE, says his father was born in c1724 but gives no birthplace, that his father was a seaman, that his mother was born in c1734 but gives no birthplace, that she died age 50 & was buried 10 Oct 1784, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, that his siblings were Guillaume, Louis, Pierre, Marie, & Francoise-Madeleine, & details the family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 78-79, calls him Jh HACHÉ, son [Francoise DOUCET's] mineur, Joseph HACHÉ, her [Francoise DOUCET's] minor; BRDR, 2:1, 465 (ASM-2, 76), the record of his first marriage, calls him Joseph HACHÉE of St. Malo, says his parents were Pedro HACHÉE, decd., & Magdalena DAIGLE, & the witnesses to his marriage were Ambroise HÉBERT & Joseph LE BLANC; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 2-B:449, 464, the record of his second marriage, calls him Joseph HACHE, widower from a first marriage to Genevieve LEBLANC, says he was native of Nantes, his parents were Pierre HACHÉ & Magdeleine DAIGLE, gives the correct name for his new mother-in-law, says both his wife's parents' were deceased at the time of the wedding, & that the witnesses to his marriage were Charles HÉBERT, Louis DUGAS, Joseph BABIN fils, & Pierre LABAUVE; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 3:2 (Laf. Ch.: v. 3, p. 7), his death/burial record, calls him Joseph ACHER m. (2)Anastasie BRAU, does not give his parents' names or his first wife's name, & says he was 55 years old when he died.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497. 

Why does he not appear in any of the Lafourche valley censuses from 1788-98?  Where was he then, between the ages of 16 & 26?  With whom was he living?

His marriage record & Robichaux are followed here in the matter of who were his parents.  His mother, Madeleine DAIGLE or DINGLE, was born at Notre-Dame, Louisbourg, Île Royale, daughter of Jacques DAIGLE or DINGLE & Marguerite LANDRY.  

For a clue as to when he moved to the Atakapas, see the birth/baptismal record of daughter Celestine Adélaïde, born 9 Nov 1810, baptized 27 Feb 1811, Atakapas, now St. Martinville, in Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-B:353 (SM Ch: v.6, #1079).  This is clearly Joseph's daughter because he is called Joseph HACHÉ of St. Malo, son of Pierre HACHÉ & Magdeleine DAIGLE.  

07.  Not in Wall of Names.  Arsenault, Généalogie, 2098, his father's profile in the Île St.-Jean section, says his parents were married at Beaubassin on 20 Feb 1719, moved to Port-Lajoie, Ile St.-Jean, in 1722, then to Louisbourg in 1727, where Louis was born in 1741, that his father, son of Michel HACHÉ-GALLANT & Anne CORMIER of Beaubassin, died in c1752, that his widowed mother, daughter of Élie GENTIL & Cécile MARTIN, was at St.-Servan, France, in 1765 & 1766, in Poitou in 1773, at Nantes in 1775, & died in c1784, probably Nantes; Arsenault, 2101, his profile in the Île St.-Jean section, says he was born in 1741, details his 2 marriages, lists his children from the first marriage as Louis, born in 1766, & Marguerite-Yvonne in 1767, but gives no place of birth, & from the second marriage Jean-François, born in 1771, Osite-Françoise-Thomase in 1772, Pierre-Charles in 1775, Joseph in 1776, Ange-Frédéric in 1777, Barbe-Michel in 1779, & Jean-François in 1781, but gives no place of birth, says he went to Poitou in 1773, to Nantes in 1775, & to sea in 1779, & that he died in c1783, no place given; Arsenault, 2505, his profile in the LA section, calls his wife Françoise DOUCET veuve Louis HACHÉ, implying that she was a widow when she came to LA, says he was born in c1739, says his parents were Jean-Baptiste [HACHÉ] & Marie-Anne GENTIL of Île St.-Jean, & that his children were, from his first marriage, Louis, born in 1766, & Marguerite-Yvonne in 1767, from his second marriage, Jean-Francois, born in 1771, Osite-Françoise-Thomase in 1772, Pierre-Charles in 1775, Joseph in 1776, Ange-Frédéric in 1777, Barbe-Michel in 1779, & Jean-Francoise in 1781, but gives no birthplaces; White, DGFA-1, 713, his mother's family's profile, calls her Anne-Marie (Marie-Anne) GENTIL, gives her parents' names, says she was born at Port-Royal on 18 Feb 1704 & baptized there on Feb 18, that her godparents were Pierre CHOUTEAU & Jeanne PELLETRET, that she married Jean-Baptiste, son of Michel HACHÉ dit GALLANT & Anne CORMIER, at Beaubassin on 20 Feb 1719, & died "dans la région de Nantes" before 1784; Hébert, Acadians in Exile, 178, his baptismal record, recorded at St.-Pierre-du-Nord, Île St.-Jean, calls him Louis, says he was born on 8 Jun 1741 & baptized on 30 Jul 1741, calls his parents Jean-Baptiste [HACHÉ] & Anne-Marie GENTILS, & says his godparents were Jean-Baptise HACHÉ & Marie-Josèphe HACHÉ; Hébert, Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 79, Family No. 57, calls him Louis HACHÉ; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 52-53, Family No. 102, calls him Louis HACHE, gives his birth & baptismal dates, his parents' names; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 437-38, Family No. 488, calls him Louis HACHE, gives his birth & baptismal dates, his parents' names; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 81-82, Family No. 153, calls him Louis HACHE, says he was born in c1744, gives his parents' names.  See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:91; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 51, 76, 125, 180; Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 503.  

He did not die in France in c1783, as Arsenault, 2102, 2505, insists.  See the Sep 1784 list of Acadians in France who sought to go to LA, in J. Voorhies, for evidence of that.  This Louis had a first cousin also named Louis, son of Joseph HACHÉ & Marie GAUDET, born on Île St.-Jean on 10 Dec 1740 & baptized at St.-Pierre-du-Nord on 2 Feb 1741, only weeks before this Louis was born.  See Hébert, Acadians in Exile, 178.  Was this the Louis HACHÉ who died in France in c1783?  Another Louis, son of Pierre HACHÉ & Cécile LAVERGNE, married Anne, daughter of François CHIASSON & Anne DOUCET, at St.-Pierre-du-Nord in Jan 1753, so he was likely a number of years older than this Louis.  See Hébert, Acadians in Exile, 178.  Perhaps the older Louis HACHÉ was the one who died in France in c1783.  Note that Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82, when detailing this Louis's family's voyage to LA, calls Françoise DOUCET his wife, not his widow.  See also Hébert, Acadian Families in Exile 1785.  So there is no question that this Louis survived his long sojourn in France & that he made it to LA.  The question is, when exactly did he get to the Spanish colony?  His wife & son came to LA on L'Amitié, but he is not listed on the passenger list of that ship or any of the other 7 ships.  Arsenault, 2505, calls his wife a widow, but, as Robichaux insists, she simply did not go to LA with him.  Judging from the amount of corn & cattle he possessed at Ascension in 1791, he was no recent arrival.  However, his appearance on the Spanish list of Acadians at Nantes in Sep 1784 (after he was supposed to have died) with his wife & 2 sons reveals that he probably came to LA on one of the 7 ships but somehow his name was not recorded on any of the passenger rolls.  Then again, since he had served as a privateer during the war against Britain 2 decades earlier, he may have resumed his life as a sailor & made his own way to LA.  There's also the possibility that he sailed to LA before 1785 to check out the place, though none of his HACHÉ kinsmen had gone there yet.  If he did cross early, it would not have been until after Sep 1784, when he was still at Nantes. 

 Of his 9 children, only 1, Pierre-Charles, made it to LA.  One wonders what happened to the others who did not die in France before 1785:  son Louis, fils, for instance, who would have been age 19 in 1785; or son Jean-François, who would have been 14 that year; or daughter Osite-Françoise-Thomasée, who would have been 13; or daughter Barbe-Michelle, who would have been only 6.  The three older children--Louis, Jean, & Osite, along with infant Pierre--were in the Third Convoy from Châtellerault in Dec 1775.  See Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo.  Who was the second unnamed son in the 1784 Spanish list at Nantes?  See J. Voorhies.  Was it Louis, fils or Jean?  Why did that son not accompany his mother & youngest brother to LA? 

08.  Wall of Names, 40, calls her Magdeleine-Apauline but gives no surname nor the relationship with Anne OLIVIER veuve HACHÉ, with whom she is listed; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2505, calls her Madeleine-Appoline, says she was born in 1775 & was the daughter of Anne OLIVIER's niece, hence her grand-niece; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 435-36, Family No. 487, her birth/baptismal record, calls her Madeleine-Apoline HACHÉ (twin [of Jean-Louis]), gives her parents' names, says her godparents were Pierre-Paul HACHÉ & Ursule BRAUD, & says her family resided at St.-Servan from 1761-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 80, calls her Madeleine-Appoline HACHE, niece of Anne OLIVIER, widow of Jean-Baptistie HACHE; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 74-75, calls her Magdeleine-Apauline, no surname given, sa fille jedis(sic) [Anne OLIVIER's] niece, Magdeleine-Apolline HACHÉ, daughter of her [Anne OLIVIER's] niece.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 505.

Anne OLIVIER was the widow of her father's oldest brother, so Anne was her aunt, not, as Arsenault claims, her great-aunt. 

What happened to Madeleine in LA?

09.  Wall of Names, 27 (pl. 6R), calls her Margueritte [HACHÉ], & lists her with her widowed mother & a sister; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506, calls her Marguerite HACHÉ, & says she was born in 1774; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 51, Family No. 100, calls her Marguerite [HACHÉ], & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 80, Family No. 150, calls her Marguerite [HACHÉ], & details her family's participation in the Poitou settled of the early 1770s as well as its voyage to LA in 1785; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 4-5, calls her Margueritte, sa [Anne BOUDREAU, veuve HACHÉ's] fille, age 11, on the embarkation list, Margarita, su [Anne BODREAU', viuda HACHÉs] hija, on the debarkation list, & Marguerite HACHÉ, her [Anne BOUDREAUX, widow HACHÉ's] daughter, age 11, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 11th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with her widowed mother & a sister; BRDR, 6:1 (SMI-4, 194), her death/burial record, calls her Marguerite HACHEE, age 76 yrs. born in France, but does not give her parents' names or mention a husband.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497.  

Did she ever marry?

10.  Wall of Names, 27 (pl. 6R), calls her Marie HACHÉ, sa mineure, & lists her with the family of Jean-Baptiste DUGAST; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, calls her Marie HACHÉ, says she was born in 1766, & that her parents were Antoine HACHÉ & Marie CLÉMENCEAU of Île St.-Jean; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 78, Family No. 147, calls her Marie HACHÉ, says her father was born c1735, son of Jean-Baptiste HACHÉ & Marie GENTIL, married her mother c1759, her mother was born c1742, died at age 40, & was buried 21 Nov 1782, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, but gives no death/burial date for her father, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 6-7, calls her Marie HACHÉ, sa mineur, age 18, on the embarkation list, Maria HACHÉ, huerfana, on the debarkation list, & Marie HACHÉ, a minor child, orphan, age 18, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 15th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with the family of Jean-Baptiste DUGAT; BRDR, 2:1, 385 (SGA-14, 5, #12), her marriage record, calls her Marie ACHE, calls her husband "(first name not given)" HEUSE, gives her & his parents' names, says both sets of parents were "of Parish of St. Serouado, France," but gives no witnesses to her marriage.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497, 527; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 49, 73, 124.  

What was her relationship, if any, to Jean-Baptiste DUGAS & his wife Marie GROSSIN, with whom she traveled to LA?  She was the only member of her immediate family who emigrated to LA. 

Calling this Marie ACHÉE the wife of Charles-Mathurin USÉ is a process of elimination.  There were 5 Acadian immigrants named or called Marie ACHÉE, 2 of them, including this one, named Marie-Jeanne.  An important piece of the puzzle is that Charles-Mathurin & Marie were married at St.-Gabriel, where most of the Le Bon Papa passengers settled.  Also, the age for this Marie ACHÉE in the passenger list of Le Bon Papa matches the ages of the wife of Charles-Mathurin USÉ in the various censuses in which they are found. 

11.  Wall of Names, 27 (pl. 6R), calls her calls her Marie [HACHÉ], & lists her with her widowed mother & a sister; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506, the LA section, calls her Marie HACHÉ, says she was born in 1770, & gives her parents' names; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 51, calls her Anne HACHÉ?; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 80, calls her Anne HACHÉ? & Marie HACHÉ; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 4-5, calls her Marie, sa [Anne BOUDREAU, veuve HACHÉ's] fille, age 15, on the embarkation list, Maria HACHÉ, su [Ana BODREAU, viuda HACHÉ's] hija, on the debarkation list, & Marie HACHÉ, her [Anne BOUDREAUX, widow HACHÉ's] daughter, age 15, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 11th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with her widowed mother & a sister; BRDR, 2:1, 671 (PCP-19, 11), the record of her first marriage, calls her Jeanne ACHET of St.-Malo, calls her parents Charles ACHET & Anne BOUDROTE, gives her husband's parents' names, says they, too, were from St.-Malo, & that the witnesses to her marriage were Charles DAIGLE, Étienne PELLETIER, Pierre DUGAT, & Francois DUGUE; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:260 (Thib.Ct.Hse.: Succ.: Year 1812),  her first succession inventory, probably following the death of her first husband, calls her Marie HACHÉ, native of St.-Malo, France, 53 yrs. old, but does not give her parents' names or the name of her husband; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:31, 260 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, p. 25), the record of her second marriage, calls her Marie HACHÉ of St.-Malo, France, wid. of Francois SEVIN, calls her parents Jacques [HACHÉ] & Anne BOUDREAUX, says that both of her parents were deceased at the time of the marriage, says her husband also was from St.-Malo, France, & was widower of Anne Louise GUIMIRE; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:260 (Thib.Ct.Hse.: Succ.: Year 1833), her final succession inventory, calls her Marie HACHÉ, m. (1) d.Francois SEVIN, m. (2)d.Simon BABIN, does not give her parents' names, lists her children by her first husband, & gives her death date.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 49, 72, 124.

Only her first marriage record calls her father Charles.  Other records call her father Jacques.  See, for example, Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 51, Family No. 100; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 79-80, Family No. 150; Hébert, D., p. 5; the birth/baptismal records of 4 of her children in BRDR, 2:671, which call her Marie BUCHE of Baton Rouge (PCP-7, 35), Maria ACHET (ASM-1, 84), Maria HACHÉ (ASC-5, 75), & Maria ACCHET (ASM-1, 84), the latter listing the maternal grandparents of the child as Santiago (that is, Jacques) ACCHET & Ana BOUDRAUX, Acadians.  Please remember that these are Spanish records, hence the odd spellings of French names.  Why did the priest at Pointe-Coupée in 1787 call her father Charles?  Is Charles an inadvertent repetition of the groom's father's first name, & thus a typo in the BRDR?  The Assumption birth/baptismal record for daughter Maria Remigia, dated 12 Apr 1797 in BRDR, 2:671 (ASM-1, 84), proves to my satisfaction that the wife of Francois SEVIN was Marie ACHÉE, daughter of Jacques.  

12.  Wall of Names, 41, calls her Marie HACHÉ, son [Françoise DOUCET's] mineur; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2505, the LA section, calls her Marie [HACHÉ], says she was born in 1766, & says her parents were Joseph HACHÉ & Madeleine DINGLE; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 438-40, Family No. 489, her baptismal record, followed here, calls her Marie-Anne HACHÉ, calls her parents Pierre HACHÉ & Anne DUMONT, says her mother was her father's second wife, that she was the goddaughter of Jacques HACHÉ & Anne JACQUEMIN, & that her family resided at St.-Servan from 1760-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82, Family No. 154, calls her Marie [HACHÉ], gives her father & stepmother's names, says her siblings were Guillaume, Louis, Pierre, Joseph, & Françoise-Madeleine, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 78-79, calls her Marie HACHE, son [Françoise DOUCET's] mineur, Marie HACHE, her [Francoise DOUCET's] minor; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 62-63, under Lista parcial de vientitres casamientos acadianos arregalados par Navarro, 20 novembre 1785 [Partial List of 23 marriages Navarro arranged on 20 November 1785], A. Marriages celebrated on 20 November 1785, calls her Marie HACHÉ (daughter of Francisca DOUCET, widow of HACHÉ), says she was in the 54th Family aboard Le St.-Rémi[sic], calls her first husband Louis-Antoine CHARRIÉ, immigrant, &, calling her Mariana HACHÉ, details her marriage, calls her husband Luis Antonio CHARRIER of Poitou, & gives her & his parents' names; NOAR, 4:57, 159, the record of her first marriage, calls her Mariana HACHÉ, says her parents were Pedro HACHÉ & Ana DUMOND, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Josef MARTINEZ & Vicente LLORCA; BRDR, 2:1, 658, the record of her second marriage, calls her Maria HACHÉ, a widow, says her parents were Pedro HACHÉ & Ana DUMONT, & the witnesses to her marriage were Luis HACHE & Vincente NU...EN; BRDR, 2:1, 65, the record of her third marriage, calls her Maria HACHEE, widow of Pedro ST. ANGE, of Nantes, France, says her parents were Joseph HACHÉE & Ana DUMON DE DEL, & the witnesses to her marriage were Joseph HÉBERT & Simon GUILLOT.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 503; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 48, 50, 73, 127, 166.  

Madeleine DINGLE was her father's third wife.  See Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo. 

Because of their similar status as orphans & the closeness of their ages, note how easy it is to confuse this Marie HACHÉ with the other Marie HACHÉs who came to LA on Le Bon Papa.  However, this Marie HACHÉ is easy to distinguish because of her many marriages.  

13.  Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls her Marie-Bonne HACHÉ soeur au dit [Jean-Charles], & lists her with 2 brothers & a sister-in-law; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, the LA section, her father's profile, calls her Marie-Bonne [HACHÉ], gives her parents' names, but does not give her birth year; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 176, her baptismal record, at Tres-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, calls her Bonne-Marie-Magdalen HACHÉ, gives her parents' but not her godparents' names, & says her father was a charpentier; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 50, Family No. 98, calls her Bonne [HACHÉ], gives her parents' names, & details her father's family's participation in Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 78-79, Family No. 148, calls her Bonne [HACHÉ], gives her parents' names, & details her father's family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 68-69, calls her Marie-Bonne HACHÉ, soeur au dit [Jean-Charles HACHÉ], age 18, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie-Bonne HACHÉ, his [Jean-Charles HACHÉ's] sister, age 18, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 17th Family aboard L'Amitié with 2 brothers & a sister-in-law; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:391, 724 (SM Ch.: v.4, #20), her marriage record, calls her Marie HACHÉ, calls her husband Joseph ST. GERMAIN, gives her & his parents' names, says her father was native of Cherbourg in Normadie, his father was "of Illinois," & that the witnesses to her marriage were Antoine NEZAT & Frédrique HACHÉ [her brother, who was only 18 at the time & lived a good distance away in Ascension].

The baptismal records of a number of her children in Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:723-24, call her father Jean-Charles HACHÉ.  Her husband's delightful dit can be found in the same records.  One wonders how he became "Tino."

14.  Wall of Names, 28 (pl. 6R), calls her Marie-Josephe [HACHÉ] soeur [of Élènne HACHÉ], & lists her with her 2 sisters; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2507, the LA section, calls her Marie-Josèphe HACHÉ, says she was born in 1774, gives her parents' names, & says they were from Île St.-Jean; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 535-36, Family No. 487, her baptismal record, at St.-Servan, calls her Marie-Joseph HACHÉ, gives her parents' names, says her godparents were Grégoire LEJEUNE & Perinne BASSET, & that her family resided at St.-Servan from 1761-72; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 8-9, calls her Marie-Josèphe, sa [Élènne HACHÉ's] soeur, age 16, on the embarkation list, Marie Josefa, su [Helena HACHÉ's] hermana, on the debarkation list, & Marie-Josèphe HACHÉ, her [Hélène HACHÉ's] sister, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 30th Family aboard Le Bon Papa with her 2 sisters; NOAR, 4:1 (SBSB, F1, 9), her death/burial record, calls her Maria Josepha ACHÉ, native of St. Malo in Brittany, says she was 20, & was the spouse of Antonio RAMIREZ.  

Was Antonio a San Bernardo Isleño, or Canary Islander?  Did she go to St.-Gabriel with her sisters?  Or did she meet Antonio in New Orleans before Le Bon Papa passengers left the city, marry him, & go with him to San Bernardo?  If so, where is their marriage record?  A daughter, Antonia Maria del Carmen, was born to them, died an infant, & was buried at San Bernardo 6 Sep 1789.  See NOAR, 4:258 (SBSB, F1, 7).  Perhaps Marie-Josèphe died from complications of childbirth the following Aug.  

15.  Not in Wall of Names because of the circumstance of her birth.  NOAR, 4:1 (SLC, B9, 394), her birth/baptismal record, calls her Martina ACHER, says her parents were Juan Carlos ACHER & Maria ____, & her godparents were Gilberto LEONARD & Maria Magdalena PI___ [PINET, probably her aunt]; BRDR, 3:1, 820 (ASM-2, 99), her marriage record, calls her Martina HACHÉE (ACHÉE), says her parents were Juan HACHÉE & Maria Modesta PENEL/PINEL, & the witnesses to her marriage were Pedro Santiago GAUBERT & Ambroise HÉBERT; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 4:311 (Thib.Ch.: v.2, p.28, #149), her death/burial record, calls her Martine HACHÉ m. Jean Baptiste THIBODAUX, does not give her parents' names, & says she died "at age 80 yrs."  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 31, 52, 78, 129, 163. 

Martina was one of the Acadian children whose honorary godfather was LA Spanish intendant Martin NAVARRO.  In this case, Intendant NAVARRO was not present for the baptism but served as sponsor in absentia.  See notation in Appendix

She must have been a tough little girl to have survived the long sea voyage--80 days--at such a tender age & gone on to marry & have children; most of the Acadian babies of '85 did not survive childhood.  She was 19 years old & her husband 39 when they married.  For evidence that she bore many children, see BRDR, 3:820-21; & Hébert, D., 1:500-01, 505-06, 511, the baptismal records of sons Jean-Marie THIBODEAUX (born Nov 1806), Joseph Eutreville[Treville] THIBODEAUX (born Jan 1831), & daughters Maria Pélagie THIBODEAUX (born Sep 1809), Maria Abdela[Adèle] THIBODEAUX (born Jan 1812), Judith Clementine THIBODEAUX (born Dec 1816), Judith Pélagie THIBODEAUX (born Jan 1819), Élisabeth THIBODEAUX (born Aug 1821), Céleste Celema THIBODEAUX (born Jan 1824), & Pauline THIBODEAUX (born Jan 1828).  In most of these baptismal records she is called Martine.  As the succession record of her husband in Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1:505, reveals, she was the mother of 14 children in May 1836, age 51, when her husband's estate was inventoried.  In 2 of her daughters' marriage records she is called Marthe instead of Martine.  Sometimes she is called Marline.  See Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1:507, 508, 511.  In nearly all of these records, her surname is given as HACHÉ, so, in her case, the evolution to ACHÉE must have been a slow one.

Despite the age given in her burial record, she was "only" 75 years old when she died.  She was one of the last Acadian immigrants in LA to join our ancestors. 

16.  Wall of Names, 41, calls him Pierre HACHÉ, son mineur; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2506, the LA section, calls him Pierre HACHÉ, says he was born at St.-Servan, France, in 1768, son of Pierre HACHÉ & his second wife Anne DUMONT of Ile St.-Jean, was the brother of Joseph-François HACHÉ, gives his wife's name, her native city, & her parents' names, & says his children were Jean-Pierre, born in 1796, Jean-Baptiste, born in c1798, Argile, born in 1799, Rosalie, born in 1800, Carmelita, born in 1801, Francois, born in c1805, Adélaïde, born in c1808, Clémence, born in 1812, & Eugenie, born in 1815, but gives no birthplaces; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 438-40, Family No. 489, his birth/baptismal record, calls him Pierre HACHÉ, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Madeleine DINGLE, his [father's] third wife, says he was the godson of Alexis GAUTROT & Marie MELANSON, & that his family resided at St.-Servan from 1760-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82, Family No. 154, calls him Pierre [HACHÉ], gives his parents' names, calls his mother Madeleine DAIGLE, says his father was born in c1724 but gives no birthplace, that his father was a seaman, that his mother was born in c1734 but gives no birthplace, that she died age 50 & was buried 10 Oct 1784, St.-Martin-de-Chantenay, that his siblings were Guillaume, Louis, Joseph, Marie, & Francoise-Madeleine, & details his family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 78-79, calls him Pre HACHÉ, son [Francoise DOUCET's] mineur, Pierre HACHÉ, her [Francoise DOUCET's] minor; BRDR, 2:2, 220 (ASM-2, 13), his marriage record, calls him Pedro ACHÉE, gives his & his wife's parents' names, calls his mother Magdalena DAIGLE of Nantes, France, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Louis DANTIN (kinsman of his wife), Juan Bautista CAZEBON, & Pierre ACHÉ (probably his cousin).  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 497; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 65, 103, 121, 180.  

His marriage record & Robichaux's studies of the Acadians in France are followed here in the matter of who were his parents.  His mother, Madeleine DAIGLE or DINGLE, depending on the source, was born at Notre-Dame, Louisbourg, Îe Royale, daughter of Jacques DAIGLE or DINGLE & Marguerite LANDRY, & was his father's third wife.  

He is called Pierre Alexis in the birth/baptismal records of 1 of his daughters, dated 22 Jul 1817, in BRDR, 3:1 (ASM-8, 93), in the marriage record of 2 more of his daughters, who married the same day, 4 May 1819, in BRDR, 3:2 (ASM-7, 53), in the marriage record of son Jean Baptiste, dated 10 Jan 1820, in BRDR, 4:1 (ASM-7, 71), as well as in his succession records, cited above.  The marriage record of daughter Eugenie, dated 26 Jun 1854, in Hébert, D., South LA Records, 3:257 (Thib.Ch.: v. 4, #553), calls him Alexis.  

17.   Wall of Names, 41, calls him Pierre HACHÉ; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2505-06, the LA section, calls him Pierre & Pierre-(Charles) HACHÉ, says he was born in 1775, names his parents & their settlement in Acadia, names his wife & her parents' names & settlement in LA, speculates on his year of marriage, followed here, & lists his children as Louis, born in 1799, Urbain in 1800, Francois-Marie in 1801, Onésime in c1805, & Simon in c1810, but gives no birthplaces; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 53, & Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 82, call him Pierre HACHÉ.  However, Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 52, his birth/baptismal record, followed here, calls him Pierre-Charles HACHÉ; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 78-79, calls him Pre HACHÉ, son [Francoise DOUCET's] fils, Pierre HACHÉ, her [Francoise DOUCET's] son.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 503; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 51, 76, 125, 180. .

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