APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

PRÉCIEUX

[PRAY-see-oh]

ACADIA

Joseph Prétieux, whose name eventually became Précieux, born in Charente, France, in c1665, married Anne Gautrot probably at La Rochelle in c1688; Anne evidently was not kin to the Gautrots of Acadia.  Their son Joseph, fils was born at La Rochelle in c1689.  A daughter, Anne, born in c1691, was their only other child.  After coming to Acadia soon after the birth of their children, Joseph, père and his family settled at Minas, where they were counted in the census of 1693.  Joseph, père died perhaps soon after the census.  Daughter Anne bore an illegitimate son named Jacques in June 1708 and two years later married Pierre, fils, alias Blaise des Brousses dit Bonapetit, son of Pierre Lalande and Marie Labonne, at Port-Royal.  

In January 1719, Joseph, fils married Anne, daughter of Michel Haché dit Gallant and Anne Cormier, at Chignecto.  In c1724, Joseph, fils and Anne followed her family to Port-La-Joye on Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, where they raised five children:  Marie-Anne, born in c1732; Louise-Marguerite in c1733; Pierre in c1737; Pierre-Joseph, called Joseph, in c1739; and Louis in c1741.  They were among the first Acadians to settle on the island.  Joseph, fils's oldest daughter Marie-Anne married Augustin dit Justice, son of Jean Doucet and Françoise Blanchard, and widower of Cécile Mius, at Port-La-Joye in December 1752.  Augustin and Marie-Anne were counted that year at Rivière-du-Nord-Est in the interior of the island with Augustin's sons Joachim and Joseph Doucet by his first wife.  Augustin and Marie-Anne had two children on the island:  Pierre Doucet, born in c1753; Marie Doucet in c1755; and Augustin Doucet, fils, whose birth year was not recorded.  Marie-Anne's sister Louise-Marguerite married Jean-Baptiste, son of François Chiasson and Anne Doucet, on the island in c1752. 

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

Marie-Anne Précieux, age 52, and two Doucet sons--Jean-Baptiste, 19, and François, 14--sailed to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships from France, which reached New Orleans in November 1785.   After a brief respite in the city, they followed the majority of the passengers from their ship to upper Bayou Lafourche.  They settled in a community the Acadians would call Assumption, in the district the Spanish called Valenzuéla.    

CONCLUSION

Marie-Anne was the only Acadian Précieux who emigrated to Louisiana, so the Acadian branch of this family did not take root in the Bayou State.  Its blood, however, was perpetuated in two lines of the Doucet family.  [See also Book Ten]

Sources:  Arsenault, Généalogie, 1278-79; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Tamerlan.htm>, Family Nos. 5, 8; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family No. 58; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 35-36, 86, 121, 138; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 200-01, 276-78, 942, 943, 1084; White, DGFA-1, 1353.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Attk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX 01 Nov 1785 Asp born c1732, Port-La-Joye, Île St.-Jean; called Anne; daughter of Joseph PRÉCIEUX & Anne HACHÉ dit GALLANT; married, age 20, Augustin dit Justice, son of Jean DOUCET & Françoise BOURGET of Québec, & widower of Cécile MIUS D'AZY, 14 Dec 1752, Port-La-Joye; deported from Île St.-Jean to St.-Malo, France, aboard Tamerlan, arrived St.-Malo 16 Jan 1759, age 37; at St.-Énogat, France, 1759-64; at St.-Servan, France, 1764-72; in Poitou, France, 1774-?; on list of Acadians at Nantes, France, Sep 1784, called Marianne PRECIEU, widow Auguste DOUCET, with 2 unnamed sons; sailed to LA on L'Amitié, age 52, widow; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Marie PRECIEUX, Widow DOUCET, age 56, with sons Jean-Baptiste [DOUCET] age 21, & François [DOUCET] age 16, 6 arpents, 20 qts. corn, 4 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Marianne PRECIEUX, Widow DOUCET, age 46[sic], with son François [DOUCET] age 20, 0 slaves, 6 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 60 qts. corn, 4 horned cattle, 3 horses, 40 swine, next to son Jean-Baptiste DOUCET; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria PRECIEUX, age 60[sic], with family of son Juan Bautista DUSSET & son Francisco DUSSET; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marianne PRECIEUX, Widow, age 61[sic], with son François [DOUCET] age 27, 0 slaves, next to son Jean-Baptiste DOUCET; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie PRECIEUX, age 60[sic], with son François DOUCET, 5/30 arpents, 0 slaves, next to son Jean-Baptiste DOUCET

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 39 (pl. 10L), calls her Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX sa [Jean-Baptiste DOUCET's] mère, & lists her with no husband & 2 sons; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1279, calls her Marie-Anne PRÉTIEUX, says she was born in 1732 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, says her wedding date was 14 Feb 1752, calls her husband Augustin DOUCET dit Justice, gives his parents' names, & calls his mother Francoise BOURG; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Tamerlan.htm>, Family No. 8, calls her Anne PRÉCIEUX, femme de TOUSSAINT Augustin (déja en France), says she was 26 years old & shows that in the crossing to St.-Malo in 1758-59, she, son Pierre TOUSSAINT, age 6, & daughter Marie TOUSSAINT, age 2 survived the crossing, but that son Augustin TOUSSAINT, fils, no age given, died at sea; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 276-78, Family No. 340, calls her Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX, says she was born in c1733 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, details her marriage, says she married on 14 Dec 1752, calls her husband Augustin DOUCET called JUSTICE, says he was born in c1719 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Francoise BLANCHARD, gives his first wife's name, says she was born in c1717 but gives no birthplace, does not gives her parents' names, says he married her in c1742 but gives no place of marriage, says she was buried 26 Jan 1751, Port-Lajoie, includes the birth/baptismal & death/burial records of son Pierre DOUCET, born in c1753 but gives no birthplace, daughter Marie DOUCET, born in c1755 but gives no birthplace, daughter Rose DOUCET, born & baptized 15 Apr 1760, St.-Enogat, goddaughter of Joseph PRECIEUX (her maternal uncle) and Marie MACE, died age 7 on 28 Nov 1766, [buried] next day, St.-Servan, daughter Renée-Catherine DOUCET, born 29 Jun 1762, baptized next day, St.-Enogat, goddaughter of Jacques CORMIER & Renée GOUYON, son Augustin-Silvestre DOUCET, born & baptized 24 Jul 1764, St.-Enogat, godson of Pierre BOUDROT & Anne JACQUEMINE, son Jean-Baptiste DOUCET, born & baptized 11 Sep 1766, St.-Servan, godson of Geffray-Jean RUEL & Marie GROSSIN, son Francois-Adrien DOUCET, born 16 Apr 1768, baptized next day, St.-Servan, godson of Adrien BANASTRE & Francoise BOUDROT, died age 3 mos. 3 Mar 1769, buried next day, St.-Servan, & son Francois DOUCET, born & baptized 17 Sep 1770, St.-Servan, godson of Francois JEANBAR & Marie DOUCET, says that she, her husband, & his sons Joachim & Joseph DOUCET "were residents of Rivière-du-Nord-Est on Isle St.-Jean" in 1752, that "Anne PRÉCIEUX, wife of Augustin DOUCET and her children: Pierre and Marie DOUCET disembarked at St.-Malo on January 16, 1759 from the ship, Le Tamerlan," that "Augustin DOUCET arrived in France on a separate ship," that he "arrived at St.-Malo from Rochefort on April 18, 1759," & that her family resided at St.-Énogat from 1759-64 & at St.-Servan from 1764-72; Robichaux, Acadians in Châtellerault, 35-36, Family No. 72, calls her Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX, says she was born in c1733 but gives no birthplace, gives her parents' names, details her marriage, says she married on 14 Dec 1752, calls her husband Augustin DOUCET called Justice, says he was born in c1719 but gives no birthplace, gives his parents' names, calls his mother Françoise BLANCHARD, gives his first wife's name, says she was born in c1717 but gives no birthplace, does not give her parents' names, says he married her in c1742 but gives no place of marriage, says she was buried 26 Jan 1751, Port-Lajoie, includes the birth/baptismal, marriage, & death/burial records of daughter Marie DOUCET, born in c1755 but gives no birthplace, married Anne[sic] SAMIE on 15 Apr 1777, Cenan, & son Augustin-Silvestre DOUCET, born & baptized 24 Jul 1764, St.-Énogat, godson of Pierre BOUDROT & Anne JACQUEMINE, buried 23 Apr 1774, St.-Jean-L'Evangeliste, Châtellerault; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 70-71, calls her Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX, sa [Jean-Baptiste DOUCET's] mère, age 52, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Marie-Anne PRÉCIEUX, his [Jean-Baptiste DOUCET's] mother, age 52, on the complete listing, says she was in the 20th Family aboard L'Amitié with no husband & 2 sons, & details her marriage, gives her but not her husband's parents' names, gives her husband's first wife's name, & says she & her husband married in 1752 but gives no place of marriage.  See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:90. 

Why did the debarkation list for Tamerlane in Jan 1759 call her husband Augustin TOUSSAINT?  Was this a reference to his dit, Justice?  Although Justice was born in Canada & his mother was a Canadienne, his father was an Acadian DOUCET. 

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Copyright (c) 2007-16  Steven A. Cormier