Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s
Pierre NoŽl, born "in Acadie" in c1725, lived at Grand-Prť in the Minas Basin. One wonders who his parents may have been and when the first of his family came to the colony. He married probably at Minas to a woman whose name had been lost to history, and remarried to Marie-Madeleine Barbe in England during exile. [See Book Three]
LE GRAND D…RANGEMENT
[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]
LOUISIANA: LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS
Only two members of the Acadian branch of the NoŽl family emigrated to Louisiana, from France in 1785:
Marie-Madeleine NoŽl, age 28, and younger sister Marie-Marguerite, called Marguerite, age 21, a young widow, crossed on La BergŤre, the second of the Seven Ships, which reached New Orleans in August. They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche, where Marguerite remarried to Charles, fils, son of fellow Acadians Charles Aucoin and Anne-Marie Dupuis of Grand-Prť, in January 1786. Charles also had come from France aboard La BergŤre. Spanish officials counted them on the upper bayou in January 1788. They had no children; Marguerite's older sister Marie was the only other member counted in their household. By January 1791, however, Marguerite had given Charles a daughter. She gave him more children before he died at Ascension in January 1805, in his late 50s, leaving Marguerite a widow again. She did not remarry. She died in Assumption Parish in April 1840; the Plattenville priest who recorded her burial said that she died "at age 70 a widow," but she was 76.
LOUISIANA: RIVER SETTLEMENTS
Marie-Madeleine NoŽl did not remain with her younger sister and brother-in-law on upper Bayou Lafourche. In April 1788, when she was 31 years old, she married Blaise, son of fellow Acadians Michel Rivet and his first wife Anne Landry. Blaise had come to Louisiana from Maryland as a young bachelor in 1768. Although he was age 41 at the time of their wedding, this also was his first marriage. Blaise died at St.-Gabriel in September 1797, age 50, but not before Marie-Madeleine gave him two sons and at least two daughters. Marie-Madeleine remarried to Frenchman Jean Baptiste, son of Antoine Lagarde and Marguerite Alrig of Languedoc, at St. Gabriel in July 1805. Marie-Madeleine was age 48 at the time of her wedding, so she probably did not give her second husband any children. She died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in March 1838, age 81. One of her Rivet sons by her first husband settled on upper Bayou Lafourche, but her other son, also a Rivet, remained on the river.
NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA
A NoŽl family, probably non-Acadian, emerged on the Acadian Coast during the late colonial period, and a NoŽl who perhaps was a Spanish soldier lived in New Orleans during the 1790s:
Baptiste NoŽl married Acadian Madeleine Dugas probably at St.-Jacques on the river. Their son FranÁois was born at St.-Jacques in December 1785. One wonders what happened to them.
Rafael, son of Juan Noel and Maria Pain, "native of island of Leon," died at New Orleans in November 1793. Rafael was only 20 years old and probably did not marry.
During the antebellum period, NoŽls, who native Louisianians would have called Foreign French, came to New Orleans from France and the Caribbean Basin:
Alonge NoŽl, a 25-year-old farmer from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Criterion out of Le Havre, France, in August 1836.
____ NoŽl, a 36-year-old seaman from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Hercules out of Marseille, France, in February 1838.
____ NoŽl, a 17-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Moro Castle out of Bordeaux, France, in June 1838.
Claude NoŽl, a 39-year-old farmer from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Rubicon out of Le Havre in September 1841. Also aboard the vessel were Jean P. NoŽl, age 37, also a French farmer and perhaps Claude's brother, and children Claude NoŽl, age 11, Albin NoŽl, age 9, and Eulalie NoŽl, age 1.
Joseph NoŽl, a 32-year-old Frenchman, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Panurge out of an unrecorded port in February 1842.
Elisa NoŽl, a 38-year-old Frenchwoman, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Nashville out of Le Havre in November 1844.
E. NoŽl, a 39-year-old Frenchwoman, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Andelle out of Le Havre in December 1845.
A. NoŽl, a 32-year-old Frenchman, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Salvadora out of Havana, Cuba, in March 1848.
H. NoŽl, a 43-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Vesta out of Le Havre in November 1848.
Louis NoŽll, a 24-year-old farmer from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Vesta out of Le Havre in early November 1849.
Sylvain NoŽl, a 42-year-old merchant from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship FerriŤre out of Le Havre in late November 1849.
Jn. Baptiste NoŽl, a 32-year-old Frenchman, occupation unrecorded, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Belle Assise out of Le Havre in December 1851. Aboard the same ship was Marie NoŽl, age 32, probably his wife; her occupation also was unrecorded.
Pauline NoŽl, a 17-year-old farmer from France, reached New Orleans aboard the ship Eastern Queen out of Le Havre in October 1852.
Other NoŽls, some of them probably Foreign French, appeared on the old Acadian Coast, on the western prairies, and on upper Bayou Lafourche, where many Acadians settled; and on the Amite River near French Settlement and in Pointe Coupee Parish, where Acadians were few. Some of the non-Acadian NoŽls of the antebellum and post-war periods who settled in South Louisiana likely were Afro Creoles who had been owned, and perhaps freed, by members of the family, or, more likely, whose surname came from an ancestor's given name, "NoŽl"; area church and civil records do not always reveal their ethnicity, but the record keepers often provided tantalizing clues:
Marc NoŽl died probably in Iberville Parish in June 1824. The St. Gabriel priest who recorded the burial, and who did not bother to give any parents' names or mention a wife, said that Marc died at "age 22." Was he a young Foreign Frenchman? Was he kin to Jules NoŽl of Iberville Parish.
Jean F. NoŽl married French Creole Marie Denise Morvant and settled on Bayou Lafourche. Their son Jean Escailes was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1827, Jean, fils in August 1828, and Evariste Jean in March 1832.
Guillaume …tienne, also called Jacques, NoŽl married Acadian Phelonise Marguerite Boudreaux and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche by the early 1830s. Their son Thomas Pierre, a twin, was born near Plattenville, Assumption Parish, in October 1835.
Catherine, daughter of FranÁois NoŽl and Barbe Hardy, married Lucien, son of French or German Creole Vincent Bertrand, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in May 1834; Lucien's mother was a Gravois.
FranÁois Michel "of L'ile Desirade," son of Jean NoŽl and Marguerite ____, married Louise Augusta, daughter of Protestant American Joseph Hodge "of Marigot" at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1837.
ThťrŤse NoŽl married George Fall at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1842. Neither the St. Landry Parish clerk nor the priest who recorded the marriage gave the couple's parents' names.
D. H., son of William Noelle and Anna Catherine Voetker, married Anna, daughter of Charles Phienemau, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in September 1845.
Doce or Dorse NoŽl married French Creole Marie Duverzine Neraut or Nerault at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in July 1846. Again, neither the St. Landry Parish clerk nor the priest who recorded the marriage gave the couple's parents' names. Their son FranÁois Adam was born near Grand Coteau in July 1852, and Louis near Arnaudville in December 1862.
FranÁoise NoŽl married FranÁois Hubert at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in July 1854. The priest who recorded the marriage, typically, did not bother to give the couple's parents' names.
…milien NoŽl married Angelica Beille. Their son Jean was born near French Settlement, Livingston Parish, in December 1847.
Suzette NoŽl "of Mr. Gaillard," evidently a slave, was baptized at the Raceland church, Lafourche Parish, age 1 1/2 months, in February 1858.
NoŽl NoŽl married Marie Louise Teal. Their son Charles was born in St. Landry Parish in May 1859.
Jean Dik, son of Caroline NoŽl, was born in Ascension Parish in December 1865.
Charley NoŽl married Marie Frosine ____ and settled near Bayou Pointe aux Loupes, now Iota, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, by the late 1860s.
Alida NoŽl married William Johnson in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in September 1867. The parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.
John NoŽl married Augustine Charpentier. Their son William was born near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, in March 1868.
Dominique Jacques NoŽl married Fťlicie Adam at the Donalsonville church, Ascension Parish, in May 1868. The priest who recorded the marriage did not bother to give the couple's parents' names.
Jean Baptiste NoŽl married AdťlaÔde ____ civilly probably in Pointe Coupee Parish. Their son EugŤne was baptized "at Alexis Lebeau's" near Lakeland, Pointe Coupee Parish, age 2 months, in October 1868.
Charles, fils, son of Charles NoŽl and Victorine ____, married Euphrasie, called Frozine, daughter of Picken Picken and Minty ____, at the Arnaudville church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1869.
Julie, daughter of Mathilde NoŽl, married Jean Pierre, fils, son of Jean Pierre Jean Louis and Josťphine ____, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in May 1869.
NoŽl ____ married FranÁoise ____. Their son Louis Cesar was born in St. James Parish in August 1869.
…lie NoŽl married Melite Ben or Bell. Their son Louis was baptized at the Washington church, St. Landry Parish, age unrecorded, in October 1869. They were living near Ville Platte, then in St. Landry but now in Evangeline Parish, in 1871.
Caroline NoŽl married Firmin Derosin at the Pointe Coupee church, Pointe Coupee Parish, in February 1870. Judging from the marriage record, in which the priest did not bother to give the couple's parents' names, Caroline and Firmin may had been married civilly for years.
ZaÔre, daughter of NoŽl NoŽl and ThťrŤse ____, married Alcindor, son of Rose Provost, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1870. The priest who recorded the marriage did not give the groom's father's name.
NoŽl families who settled in Iberville and St. Landry parishes created family lines of their own, but the one on the river may not have survived:
Descendants of Joseph NOňL (c1810-1848)
Joseph, 23-year-old son of FranÁois NoŽl and Isabelle Frilde, married Julie, 23-year-old daughter of German Creole Michel George Stelly, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in September 1837. Joseph died near Grand Coteau in December 1848; he was only 38 years old; his succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse, St. Landry Parish, in December 1850.
Older son Joseph Martial, called Martial, born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in January 1841, married PhilomŤne, daughter of German Creole Balthazar Marks, at the Grand Coteau church in August 1865; PhilomŤne's mother was a Foret. Their son Jules was born near Grand Coteau in June 1866, and Jean Berkmons Numa, called Numa, in December 1868 but died at age 2 in November 1870.
Younger son FranÁois, born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in March 1843, married Marie Alicia or Elisia, another daughter of Balthazar Marks, in July 1867.
Descendants of Jules NOňL (?-)
Jules NoŽl, native of Bordeaux, France, married "a Miss D'Auterive," widow of Nicolas Toffier. Jules, pŤre died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in May 1835; the priest who recorded the burial did not bother to give any parents' names or even Jules's age at the time of his death. Was Jules, pŤre kin to Marc NoŽl of St. Gabriel?
Thťodure Jules, called Jules, fils, born posthumously in September 1835, married Clarissa Rosa, called Rosa, daughter of Acadian Joseph Ribert Hťbert, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in November 1856. They settled near Plaquemine on the west side of the river. Their infant, name unrecorded, perhaps a son, died in June 1859; wife Rosa died giving birth to this infant, and mother and child were buried together.
NoŽls settled "late" in Acadia, and, compared to most other Acadian families, they came "late" to Louisiana. Two sisters, one unmarried, the other a young widow, came to the colony from France in 1785 aboard La BergŤre, the second of the Seven Ships. Their brother Jean-Baptiste, a sailor, married to a fellow Acadian, remained in France. Both sisters married in Louisiana, the younger one in 1786, the older one in 1788 and again in 1805, and both of them lived to ripe old ages. Since the sisters were the only members of their family who came to Louisiana, no Acadian NoŽl family lines emerged in the Bayou State. The blood of the family survived, however, in several lines of the Rivet and Aucoin families.
NoŽl is a fairly common surname in France, so it is no surprise that during the late colonial and antebellum periods non-Acadian members of the family also lived in Louisiana. Most of them probably were Foreign Frenchmen who came to the Bayou State after Jefferson's Purchase. Some of them were Afro Creoles whose surname came from an ancestor's given name, "NoŽl." [See also Book Ten]
Sources: AGE, May 2004, p. 116, a printed copy of Colonel Winslow's Grand-Prť list; Brasseaux, Foreign French, 1:405, 2:256-57, 3:228; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hťbert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 12-13; NOAR, vol. 5; Hťbert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 3; Hťbert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; Robichaux, Acadian in Ch‚tellerault, 5, 163 (source of quotation); Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 8-9, 138, 151; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 640-41, source of quotation; Winslow's 1755 List.
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):
Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)
SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)
Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)
San Lužs de Natchez (Concordia)
St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)
Bayou des …cores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)
New Orleans (Orleans)
St.-Jacques de Cabanocť (St. James)
Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)
Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)
For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.
The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community.
|Marie-Madeleine NOňL 01||Aug 1785||Asp, StG||born c1757, England; daughter of Pierre NOňL & Marie-Madeleine BARBE; sister of Marie-Marguerite; repatriated to France aboard L'Ambition, arrived St.-Malo 22 May 1763, age 6; at St.-Servan, France, 1763-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Ch‚tellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; sailed to LA on La BergŤre, age 28, traveled with younger, widowed sister; in Valenzuťla census, 1788, right bank, called Marie NOňL, age 30, "his sister-in-law, with younger sister & brother-in-law Charles AUCOIN; married, age 31, (1)Blaise, son of Michel RIVET & his first wife Anne LANDRY, 1 Apr 1788, St.-Gabriel; married, age 48 (2)Jean Baptiste, son of Antoine LEGARD & Marguerite ALRIG of Languedoc, France, 11 Jul 1805, St. Gabriel; died [buried] St. Gabriel 1 Mar 1838, age 83[sic]|
|Marie-Marguerite NOňL 02||Aug 1785||Asp||born & baptized 27 Feb 1764, St.-Servan, France; daughter of Pierre NOňL & Marie-Madeleine BARBE; sister of Marie-Madeleine; at St.-Servan 1765-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-75; in Third Convoy from Ch‚tellerault to Nantes, France, Dec 1775; married, age 20, (1)Guillaume-Jean ROQUEMONT of St.-Vivien, Rouen, c1784, probably Nantes; sailed to LA on La BergŤre, age 21, a widow, traveled with older, unmarried sister; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, hatchet, hoe, shovel, & meat cleaver; married, age 22, (2)Charles, fils, son of Charles AUCOIN & Anne-Marie DUPUIS of Grand-Prť, 16 Jan 1786, Ascension, now Donaldsonville, soon after they reached LA on the same ship; in Valenzuťla census, 1788, right bank, called Margueritte age 24, with husband, sister Marie, age 30, & no children; in Valenzuťla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie JosŤph[sic], age 26, with husband, 1 daughter, & minor Victor BABIN age 11; in Valenzuťla census, 1795, called Margarita, age 30, with husband 2 sons & 2 daughters; in Valenzuťla census, 1797, called Margueritte, age 31, with husband 2 sons & 2 daughters; in Valenzuťla census, 1798, called Margueritte, age 32, with 2 sons & 3 daughters; died [buried] Assumption Parish 13 Apr 1840, age 70[sic], a widow|
01. Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls her Marie [NOňL], soeur [of Marguerite NOňL, veuve ROQUEMONT], & lists her with her younger sister; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 640-41, Family No. 741, calls her Marie-Madeleine NOňL, gives her parents' names, says she was born in England in c1757, that she, her parents, & brother Jean-Baptiste "disembarked at St.-Malo from England on May 22, 1763 from the ship, L'Ambition," & that her family resided at St.-Servan from 1766-72; Robichaux, Acadian in Nantes, 138, Family No. 252, calls her Marie-Madeleine [NOňL], gives her parents' names, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadian in Nantes, 151, Family No. 273, calls her Marie NOňL, & details her & her sister's voyage to LA in 1785; Hťbert, D., Acadian Families in Exile, 1785, 12-13, calls her Marie NOňL, sa soeur [of Marguerite NOňL, veuve ROQUEMONT], age 28, on the embarkation list, calls her Marie NOňL, her [Marguerite NOňL, widow ROQUEMONT's] sister, age 28, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 5th Family aboard La BergŤre with her younger sister; BRDR, 2:565, 634 (SGA-14, 11), her marriage record, calls her Magdalena NOňL, calls her husband Blas RIVET, gives her & his parents' names, says her parents were "of England" & his "of Acadia," & says the witnesses to her marriage were Charle AUCOIN [her sister's husband] & Siril RIVET [his brother]; BRDR, 3:471, 663 (SGA-14, 55), the record of her second marriage, calls her Marie Madeline NOňL, wid. Blaise RIVET, calls her husband Jean Baptiste LAGARD, "nat. Languedoc Province in France," gives her & his parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Aubry DUPUY, M. LAMBREMONT, & Vital RIVET [her older son]; BRDR, 5(rev.):467 (SGA-8, 234), her death/burial record, calls her Marie NOňL, "bn. Nantes, France, wife of Blaise RIVET," but does not give her parents' names. See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 22.
Like her younger sister, Marie also favored older men. Her first husband was 41 & she was 31 at the time of the marriage. She, too, became a widow when her husband died at St.-Gabriel in Sep 1797.
When did she move from the upper Lafourche to St.-Gabriel? Where did she meet her husband Blaise, who spent most of this time in LA at St.-Gabriel?
Why does her burial record mention her first husband & not her second one? She was 81 years old when she died. Was she a widow again?
02. Wall of Names, 29 (pl. 7L), calls her Marguerite NOňL veuve ROQUEMONT, & lists her with her older sister; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 640-41, Family No. 741, calls her Marie-Marguerite NOňL, her birth/baptismal record, gives her parents' names, says her godparents were Mathurin COCHERET & Mathurinne LANGUILLE, & says her family resided at St.-Servan from 1766-72; Robichaux, Acadian in Nantes, 138, Family No. 252, calls her Marie-Madeleine [NOňL], gives her parents' names, & details her family's participation in the Poitou settlement of the early 1770s; Robichaux, Acadian in Nantes, 151, Family No. 273, calls her Marie-Marguerite NOňL, says she was born in c1764, gives her parents' names, says she married Guillaume-Jean ROQUEMONT, "born about 1728 in the Parish of Saint-Vivien, diocese of Rouen," in c1784 but gives no place of marriage, says that her husband died "at age of 56 years" & was buried on 11 Nov 1784 at St.-Similien, Nantes, & details her & her sister's voyage to LA in 1785; Hťbert, D., Acadian Families in Exile, 1785, 12-13, calls her Marguerite NOňL, veuve ROQUEMONT, age 21, on the embarkation list, calls her Marguerite NOňL, widow ROQUEMONT, age 21, on the complete listing, says she was in the 5th Family aboard La BergŤre with her older sister, & lists the implements the Spanish gave to her & her sister after they reached LA; BRDR, 2:33, 565 (ASC-1, 162 & 163), the record of her second marriage, calls her Margarita NOňL, calls her husband Charles OQUAN (AUCOIN), does not give any parents' names or her first husband's name, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Olivier AUCOIN [his brother], Giuion MAZEROL, & Paul BELILE; BRDR, 6:496 (ASM-10, 13), her death/burial record, calls her Marguerite NOňL, "age 70 years a widow," but does not give her parents' names or her husband's name. See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 22, 66, 106, 115, 154.
She certainly preferred to marry older men. Her first husband was 56 & she was only 20 when they married, so he was old enough to be her father. He was, in fact, only 3 years younger than her father. Her husband must have died on the eve of her going to LA. They probably had no children. Her second husband was 39 & she was 22 when they married. She gave him children, but none of their sons created families of their own; their daughters, however, married into the DAIGLE, H…BERT, LANDRY, & LE BLANC families. She became a widow again in Jan 1805, when her husband Charles died at Ascension in his late 50s.
Her burial record hints that she did not marry a third time. She was 76 years old when she died.
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