APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

BRASSEAUX/BRASSET

[Brah-SOH, BRASS-oh]

ACADIA

Pierre Brassaud or Brassaux, born in France in c1663, reached Port-Royal by 1691, the year he married Gabrielle, daughter of Michel Forest dit Michel and Marie Hébert.  They moved on to Rivière-de-l'Ascension in the Minas Basin and then to nearby Pigiguit.  Pierre and Gabrielle had nine children, only two of them sons.  Only one of the sons, the younger one, survived childhood.  Five of their seven daughters married into the Boudrot, Guédry dit Grivois, Longuépée, and Robichaud dit Cadet families.  The surviving son, Pierre, fils, born after the Port-Royal census of 1707, married in c1735, probably at Annapolis Royal, a woman whose name has been lost to history.  At least two of Pierre, père's daughters settled in the French Maritimes.  Anne, wife of Louis Longuépée; and Cécile, wife of Antoine Boudrot, were deported to France from Île St.-Jean in 1758 aboard the British transport Supply.  Their brother Pierre, fils was counted as a widower in Pennsylvania in 1763.  No member of this family emigrated to Louisiana. 

~

Mathieu dit La Citardy, born in c1650, probably no kin to Pierre, spelled his surname Brasseur and sometimes Brasseux and Le Brasseur.  He married Jeanne, teenage daughter of André Célestin dit Bellemère and Perrine Basile, at Port-Royal in c1702; Mathieu was 39 years older than his wife, who was only 13 years old at the time of their wedding.  They settled at Grand-Pré.  Mathieu dit La Citardy died at Minas in May 1733, in his early 80s, but not before he had fathered 11 children.  Jeanne remarried to Claude Landry, widower of Marie-Catherine Thibodeau and Marie Babin; he was 78 and she was 52 at the time of their wedding in May 1741; she gave Claude no more children.  Her six Brasseur daughters married into the Doucet, Bernard, Henry dit Robert, Poyer dit Lapintade, Doiron, Benoit, Aucoin, and Poirier families.  All five of her Brasseur sons created families of their own:  

Oldest son Mathieu dit Le Brasseur, born probably at Minas c1705, married Anne-Marie, daughter of Jean Pitre and Françoise Babin, in c1727.  In 1750, they moved to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, and settled at Anse-du-Nord-Ouest, on the south side of the island, where a French official counted Mathieu, Anne-Marie, and their 11 children--Pierre, age 21; Marguerite-Josèphe, age 19; Brigitte, age 17; François, age 15; Mathurin, age 13; François-Xavier, age 11; Élisabeth-Gertrude, age 7; Jean-Baptiste, age 6; Marie-Josèphe, age 4; Anne-Théotiste, age 24 months; and Pélagie, age 2 months--in August 1752.  

Cosme dit Brasseux, born at Grand-Pré in December 1712, married Élisabeth, daughter of Pierre Thibodeau le jeune and Anne-Marie Aucoin of Chignecto, at Grand-Pré in January 1738.  They remained at Minas.  

Jean, born at Grand-Pré in December 1719, married Madeleine, daughter of Philippe Roy and Cécile Mazerolle, in c1750.  

Claude dit Paul dit Mathieu, born probably at Minas in c1722, married Marguerite, daughter of Jean Bertrand l'aîné and Marie-François Léger of Chepoudy, at Beaubassin in August 1746 and remained at Chignecto.  

Youngest son Joseph, born at Grand-Pré in March 1726, married Marie-Rose, daughter of Jean Daigre and Marie-Madeleine Landry of Pigiguit, at Grand-Pré in October1748.  Like brothers Cosme and Jean, Joseph and his family remained at Minas. 

[For more of this family in pre- and post-dispersal Acadia and Canada, see Book Three]

By the 1750s, descendants of Mathieu Brasseur dit La Citardy could be found in several major Acadian settlements--at Chignecto, Chepoudy, and on Île St.-Jean, but especially in the Minas Basin, where Mathieu dit La Citardy had spent much of his life.  

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  RIVER SETTLEMENTS

The first descendants of Mathieu Brasseur dit La Citardy to reach Louisiana came from Maryland in July 1767.  Élisabeth Thibodeau, age 50, widow of Cosme dit Brasseux, came with six of her children:  Marie-Marguerite, age 22, Marie-Madeleine, age 20, Marie, age 18, Blaise, age 15, Anne, age 14, and Marie-Rose, age 12.  Also with them was Élisabeth's son Pierre Brasseur, age 25, his wife Élisabeth Richard, age 24, and their infant daughter Marguerite.  Spanish Governor Ulloa sent them to the new Acadian community of San Gabriel on the river above New Orleans with the other 1767 arrivals from Maryland. 

Marie was the first to wed in Louisiana.  She married Hubert, fils, son of Hubert Janis of Langres, France, at Ascension, downriver from San Gabriel, in October 1772.  

Meanwhile, Élisabeth Thibodeaux died at San Gabriel in the early 1770s, in her early 50s.  Probably soon after her death, most of her children left the river and moved to the Opelousas District.  Daughter Marie-Marguerite probably remained on the river.  Son Pierre and his wife also remained on the river, where they had more children.  

Descendants of Pierre BRASSET (c1742-1794; Mathieu dit La Citardy)

Pierre, elder son of Cosme Brasseur dit Brasseux and Élisabeth Thibodeau, born probably at Grand-Pré in c1742, followed his family to Maryland in 1755.  He married fellow Acadian Élisabeth, or Isabelle, Richard in Maryland in c1765.  Along with his widowed mother and six siblings, he took his family, which now included an infant daughter, to Louisiana in 1767.  They settled with other 1767 arrivals at San Gabriel d'Iberville on the river above New Orleans, where he and Élisabeth had more children.  Their daughters married into the Babin, Capdeville, and LeBlanc families.  Pierre died at Ascension, just downriver from St.-Gabriel, in September 1794; he was 52 years old.  Three of his grandsons by his first son moved to the western prairies in the early 1800s, but his second son and his sons remained on the river, where their name was spelled Brasset as well as Brasseaux.

1

Oldest son Joseph, born at San Gabriel in c1771, married Théodose, daughter of fellow Acadian Amand-Paul Gautreaux and Marie Landry of San Gabriel, at Ascension in July 1794.  Their son Joseph, fils was born at St.-Gabriel in September 1798, Augustin in August 1800, and Édouard in March 1803.  Their daughters married into the Dugas and Richard families, one of them in St. Martin Parish.  Joseph, called a Brasset by the recording priest, died at San Gabriel in January 1803, age 32.  His three sons and one of his daughters moved to the western prairies not long after his death.  His other daughter remained at St. Gabriel.  

2

Olivier, born at San Gabriel in c1773, married Marine, daughter of fellow Acadian Firmin Landry and Ludivine Babin, at St. Gabriel in May 1796.  Their son Pierre le jeune was born at St.-Gabriel in October 1798, Alexis in March 1809, Olivier Martin in August 1811 but died at age 1 in September 1812, and Louis Augustin died a day after his birth in September 1813.  They also had a son named Leufroi, unless he was Pierre le jeune.  Their daughters married into the Boush, Hébert, LeBlanc, and Marrionneaux families.  His descendants remained on the river.  

2a

Leufroi married Marie Adveline, called Adveline, daughter of Anglo-American Bartholomew Hamilton and his Acadian wife Mélanie Dupuis of St. Gabriel, at the Donaldson church, Ascension Parish, in March 1821.  Their son Leufroi, fils, also called Émile, was born in Ascension Parish in November 1823 but died at age 10 in April 1833, Octavius Constantin, called Octave, was born in February 1826, Ferdinand Numa, called Numa, in January 1828, and Joseph Edward, called J. Edward, in August 1830.  Leufroi remarried to Marie Élisabeth, called Élisabeth, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Henry and Hermengilde Gaudin, at the Donaldsonville church in August 1836.  Their son Henri Cleopha was born in Ascension Parish in September 1839, and Jean Olivier, called Olivier, in April 1844.  

Octave, by his father's first wife, married Calliste, called Lisa, daughter of fellow Acadians Drosin Gravois and Pauline Landry,  at the Convent church, St. James Parish, in November 1848.  Their son Gratien Constantin was born near Convent in December 1849, Jacques Drosin in Ascension Parish in April 1851 but died at age 15 months in September 1852, Leufroi Hygin was born January 1854, Joachim Armand in March 1865, and Joseph Comes in September 1867.  

Numa, by his father's first wife, married Lutesia, daughter of fellow Acadians Destival LeBlanc and Sidalise Boudreaux, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in November 1851.  Their son Fostin Schuyler was born in Ascension Parish in February 1865.  

J. Edward, by his father's first wife, married Marie Emalise, daughter of fellow Acadian Tecomine Lanoux and his Creole wife Elizabeth Gisclard, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in November 1853. 

Jean Olivier, by his father's second wife, married Estelle, daughter of fellow Acadians Lessin LeBlanc and Corrine Lanoux, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in January 1866.  Their son Jean Henry died 4 days after his birth in June 1867.  

2b

Alexis married Marie Azélie, called Azélie, daughter of fellow Acadian Paul Babin and his Creole wife Céleste Thulaire, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in November 1831. 

3

Youngest son Jean-Baptiste, baptized at San Gabriel, age unrecorded, in September 1779, died at age 6 in October 1785.

Other BRASSETs on the River

Area church and civil records make it difficult to link some Brassets on the river with known Acadian lines of the family:

In July 1860, the federal census taker in West Feliciana Parish counted 10 slaves--4 males and 6 females, age 60 to 18, living in 4 houses--on A. Braseux's farm in the parish's Sixth Ward, and 2 more slaves--a 46-year-old black female, and a 45-year-old mulatto female--on A. Braseux's farm nearby. 

Ursule Brasset gave birth to son Paul Émile in Ascension Parish in July 1865.  The priest who recorded the boy's baptism did not give the father's name.  

LOUISIANA:  WESTERN SETTLEMENTS

During the late 1760s or early 1770s, probably soon after their widowed mother, Élisabeth Thibodeaux, died at San Gabriel on the river, several of her Brasseur children left St.-Gabriel, crossed the Atchafalaya Basin, and settled in the Opelousas District, creating a western branch of the family.  

Marie-Madeleine married Victor, son of fellow Acadian Alexandre Richard, at Opelousas in the mid-1770s.  She died in St. Landry Parish in November 1809, in her early 60s.

Anne married Pierre, son of fellow Acadian Honoré Trahan, at Opelousas.  She died by 1788, when her husband was listed in an Opelousas census without a wife.

Marie-Rose married Charles, son of fellow Acadian Charles Jeansonne, at Opelousas in the late 1770s or early 1780s.  She may have died in St. Martin Parish in May 1861, over 100 years old.  

Descendants of Blaise BRASSEAUX (c1752-1820s; Mathieu dit La Citardy)

Blaise, younger son of Cosme Brasseur dit Brasseux and Élisabeth Thibodeau, born probably at Grand-Pré in c1742, followed his family to Maryland in 1755.  He came to Louisiana in 1767 with his widowed mother and siblings and followed them to San Gabriel d'Iberville on the river above New Orleans.  Probably after his mother died, he and four of his sisters moved to the Opelousas District, where he married Marie-Anne, called Anne, daughter of fellow Acadians Amand Préjean and his first wife Madeleine Martin, in the mid-1770s.  They settled in the Bellevue area of what became St. Landry Parish, south of Opelousas.  Their daughters married into the Landry, Prather, Richard, Smith, and Wood families.  Blaise's succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse, St. Landry Parish, in January 1822; he would have been 70 years old that year.  Only two of his sons created families of their own.  They settled probably on the upper Atchafalaya River near the boundary between St. Landry and Pointe Coupee parishes.  Typical of Acadians who lived in that area, most of Blaise's descendants married Creoles. 

1

Alexandre Blaise, born at Opelousas in February 1788, married Geneviève, daughter of French Creole Narcisse Carmouche and Françoise Bock, in a civil ceremony recorded in Pointe Coupee Parish in March 1816, so they must have lived along the upper Atchafalaya near the boundary between St. Landry and Pointe Coupee parishes.  Their son Narcisse was born in April 1819, Martin in October 1827, Valmont in August 1829 but died at age 9 months in June 1830, Alexandre, fils in April 1831, and Alcée was born in January 1836.  Their daughters married into the Carmouche, Leonard, and Prewett or Prowet families.  Alexandre, père died by July 1838, when his succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse, St. Landry Parish; he would have been 50 years that year.  Two of his sons married French Creoles and remained on the upper Atchafalaya near the boundary between St. Landry and Pointe Coupee parishes. 

1a

Narcisse married Oside Zulma, called Zulma, daughter of French Creole Jean Baptiste Leonard and Charlotte Ortis, at the Pointe Coupee church, Pointe Coupee Parish, in June 1844.  Their son Narcisse, fils was born in Pointe Coupee Parish in January 1840.  Narcisse, père died in Pointe Coupee Parish in June 1854; he was only 35 years old.  

1b

Alexandre, fils married French Creole Augustine Lavergne.  Their son Alexandre Lucien was born in Pointe Coupee Parish in January 1859 but died at age 1 1/2 in November 1860.  

 

2

Blaise, fils, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in May 1793, may have died young, unless he was Julien.  

3

Julien, born in c1794, married Julie, daughter of French Creole Baptiste Porché and his first wife, in a civil ceremony recorded in Pointe Coupee Parish in 1816.  Their son Julien, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in December 1817, and Sosthène in July 1824.  Their daughter married into the Lavergne family.  They, too, must have lived near the boundary between St. Landry and Pointe Coupee parishes.  Julien died in St. Landry Parish in May 1860; he was 66 years old; his succession record was filed at the Opelousas courthouse later that month.  

3a

Julien, fils married cousin Louise, called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Léandre Landry and Louise Brasseaux, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in September 1841. Their son Reus Landry was born in St. Landry Parish in October 1843, Théoville in March 1845, Joseph in March 1850, Philemon near Church Point, then in St. Landry but now in Acadia Parish, in February 1852, Aristide in September 1853, Evariste Ducoudray near Opelousas in February 1856, and Raymond in September 1857.  

During the War of 1861-65, Reus Landry, called Reul in Confederate records, served in Company K of the 29th (Thomas's) Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in St. Landry Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He was captured and paroled at Vicksburg in July 1863.  

3b

Sosthène married Suzette, daughter of Joseph Reaux and his Acadian wife Suzette Thibodeaux, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in February 1850.  They settled on Bayou Plaquemine Brûlé.  Their son Sosthène, fils was born in St. Landry Parish in August 1855, Onile in August 1859, Ernest in August 1861, and Joseph died "at age 1 mth." in May 1866.  Their daughter married into the Smith family.  Wife Suzette died "at Plaquemine" probably from giving birth to son Joseph in April 1866; she was was only 36 years old. 

4

Caliste, perhaps a twin, baptized at Opelousas, age unrecorded, in July 1795, also may have died young, unless he was Julien.  

~

In the early 1800s, three Brasseaux brothers from the river joined their cousins west of the Atchafalaya Basin and settled in Lafayette Parish, adding substantially to the western branch of the family:

Descendants of Joseph BRASSEAUX, fils (1798-1840s; Mathieu dit La Citardy, Cosme, Pierre)

Joseph, fils, eldest son of Joseph Brasseaux and Théodose Gautreaux, born at St.-Gabriel on the river in September 1798, crossed the Atchafalaya Basin after her came of age and married Valiene, 15-year-old daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Dugas and Madeleine Sonnier, at the Grand Coteau church, St. Landry Parish, in January 1822.  They settled probably near Carencro.  Their daughters married into the Arceneaux family.  Joseph may have died in Lafayette Parish in August 1842; the Vermilionville priest who recorded the burial did not bother to give any parents' names, mention a wife, or even give the age of the Joseph he buried; this Joseph would have been only 41 years old that year; his succession record was not filed at the Vermilionville courthouse, Lafayette Parish, until December 1849.  

1

Oldest son Joseph, fils, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 4 months, in June 1827, may have died young, unless he was the Joseph Brasseaux who died in Lafayette Parish in August 1842; if so,  he would have been only 15 years old.  

2

Aurelien, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 7 months, in December 1829, married Amelia or Aurelia, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Cormier, fils and Céleste Babineaux of Carencro, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in August 1848.  They settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Joseph le jeune was born in June 1849, Moïse in February 1853, and Pierre Neuville in January 1855.  Their daughters married Babineaux and Cormier cousins.  Aurelien died in January 1863; the Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Aurelien was 23 years old when he died, but he was 34; his succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following March.  One wonders if, like his younger brother Octave, Aurelien died in Confederate service.  

Joseph, le jeune married cousin Émilia, daughter of fellow Acadian Onésime Babineaux and Julienne Benoit, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1866.  They settled probably at Carencro.  Their son Aurelien le jeune was born in August 1867, Adam in March 1869, and Julien in November 1870. 

3

Alcide, born in Lafayette Parish in April 1833, married Marie Félicie, called Félicie, 16-year-old daughter of fellow Acadian Leufroi Boudreaux and Marie Hébert, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in September 1850.  Their son Justinien was born in Lafayette Parish in October 1861, and Jean Euclide was born posthumously in February 1864.  Alcide died in January 1864; the Vermilionville priest who recorded his burial said that Alcide was 26 years old when he died, but he was 30; his succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in March 1868.  One wonders if, like his younger brother Octave, Alcide died in Confederate service.  

4

Euclide, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 5 months, in July 1835, died at age 8 in September 1843.  

5

Octave was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 months, in July 1839.  During the War of 1861-65, Octave served in Company F of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana.  Octave enlisted in October 1861 but did not survive the war.  He was severely wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862, fell into Federal hands, and died in U.S. General Hospital Number 4 at Louisville, Kentucky, the following June.  He was only 23 years old.  His succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse in September 1863.  

6

Youngest son Olivier, born in Lafayette Parish in November 1841, died at age 2 months the following January.  

Descendants of Auguste or Augustin BRASSEAUX (1800-1862; Mathieu dit La Citardy, Cosme, Pierre)

Auguste or Augustin, second son of Joseph Brasseaux and Théodose Gautreaux, born at St.-Gabriel on the river in August 1800, followed his older brother and a sister to the western prairies and married Susanne, daughter of French Canadian François Primeaux and Justine Baudoin, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in October 1825.  They moved south to the Abbeville area of Vermilion Parish by the 1840s.  Their daughter married into the Desormeaux family.  In October 1850, the federal census taker in Vermilion Parish counted 6 slaves--2 males and 4 females, all black, ranging in age from 30 to 5--on Auguste Brasseux's farm in Ward Two of the parish's western district.  Auguste died near Abbeville in November 1862; he was 62 years old.  

1

Oldest son Aladin, born in Lafayette Parish in May 1828, married Belzire, daughter of fellow Acadian Don Louis Broussard and Madeleine Benoit of Lafayette Parish, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in March 1856. 

2

Joachim, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 8 months, in June 1830, married fellow Acadian Aurelia Broussard.  Their son Gustave le jeune was born near Abbeville, Vermilion Parish, in March 1856.  They also had an older son named Benjamin.  Their daughter married into the Nunez family.  Joachim died by July 1867, when he was listed as deceased in a daughter's marriage record. 

Benjamin married Azéma or Alzena, daughter of French Creole Philemon Dubois and Sylvanie Thibodeaux, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in November 1867.  Their son Armance Joseph was born near Abbeville in January 1869. 

3

Adrien, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 7 months, in December 1839, married fellow Acadian Azéma Trahan at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in February 1858.  Their son Cleopha was born near Abbeville in February 1859, Osea in April 1861, and Auguste in May 1866.  Adrien may have remarried to Isabelle François and settled near New Iberia, on lower Bayou Teche, in the late 1860s. 

4

Joseph le jeune, born near Abbeville, Vermilion Parish, in September 1845, married French Creole Marie Sylvanie, called Sylvanie, Langlinais at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, between April and September 1864. 

5

Youngest son Gustave, born near Abbeville, Vermilion Parish, in January 1851, married Émilie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Thibodeaux and Celanie Boudreaux, at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in April 1870.  

Descendants of Édouard BRASSEAUX (1803-1855; Mathieu dit La Citardy, Cosme, Pierre)

Édouard, third and youngest son of Joseph Brasseaux and Théodose Gautreaux, born at St.-Gabriel on the river in March 1803, followed his older brothera and a sister to the western prairies and married Arsene, also called Jacinte, another daughter of Jean Dugas and Madeleine Sonnier, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in July 1826.  In November 1850, the federal census taker in St. Martin Parish counted a single slave--a 30-year-old black male--on Édouard Brusseus's farm; this may have been Édouard Brasseaux.   Édouard died in Lafayette Parish in April 1855; the priest who recorded his burial said that Édouard was 50 years old when he died, but he was 52; his succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse the following June.  

1

Older son Adam, baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 15 days, in February 1836, married Alida, daughter of Narcisse Begnaud and Hortence Patin, at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, in June 1856.  Adam died by March 1863, when his succession record was filed at the Vermilionville courthouse; he would have been 27 years old  that year.  One wonders if he died in Confederate service.  

2

Younger son Pierre was baptized at the Vermilionville church, Lafayette Parish, age 2 months, in May 1839.  During the War of 1861-65, Pierre served as a sergeant, private, and corporal in Company F of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Lafayette Parish, which fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, and in Company I of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana.  Pierre enlisted in October 1861 and was appointed fourth sergeant of his company.  After the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862, he reported sick "to the interior" and served as a nurse at Jackson, Mississippi, for the next several months.  He was reduced to the ranks in August 1862 and captured at the Battle of Labadieville, in Assumption Parish, the following October.  He was back with his company in January 1863 but was absent sick again two months later, this time in a hospital at New Iberia.  He was promoted to second corporal in the summer of 1863 and to first corporal a few months later.  He was still with his unit in early 1864 and probably fought in the Red River Campaign in the spring of 1864. 

~

Other BRASSEAUXs on the Western Prairies

Area church and civil records make it difficult to link some Brasseauxs in the western parishes with known Acadian lines of the family there:

Laurement Brasseaux married Joasin Prevaux, probably Joachim Prevost, in a civil ceremony in St. Landry Parish in April 1835.  The parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.  Laurement probably was a dite

B. Thomas Brasseaux married Catherine Eveline Lebleu.  Their son Neuville Thomas was born in St. Landry Parish in January 1856.  

John Brasseaux died "at Bellevue," St. Landry Parish, in July 1870.  The Opelousas priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names, said that John died "at age 21 yrs."  Did he marry? 

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

In 1785, two unmarried Brasseur sisters, one of them already in her middle age, came to Louisiana from France on La Bergère, the second of the Seven Ships.  They followed the majority of their fellow passengers to upper Bayou Lafourche:

Marie Brasseur, age 37, married Olivier, son of fellow Acadian Jean Trahan and widower of Élisabeth Lejeune, at Lafourche in January 1788.  Olivier also had crossed on La Bergère.  They remained on the upper bayou.  Marie did not give him any more children.  

Osite, Marie's younger sister, age 24, lived with her older sister and her brother-in-law and did not marry.  Osite died at Assumption in February 1799, in her late 30s. 

~

Several Brasset/Brasseaux families appeared in the Bayou Lafourche valley by the 1830s.  Church and civil records make it difficult to link them to known Acadian lines of the family.  After the 1840s, they disappear from the valley:

Joseph Brasseaux married Eulalie LeBlanc and settled in Lafourche Interior Parish by the early 1830s. 

Jean Brasseaux married Delphine Forgeron and also settled in Lafourche Interior Parish by the early 1830s.  How was Jean kin to Joseph, and how were they kin to the other Brasset/Brasseauxs of South Louisiana?

Marie Ludivine Brasset married Reuben Bush at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 1844.  The priest who recorded the marriage did not give Marie's parents' names.  The June 1844 ceremony must have been a blessing of a union that already existed, because Marie Ludivine died in Lafourche Interior Parish the day before her "marriage"!  

CONCLUSION

Mathieu Brasseur dit La Citardy created a large family in Acadia, but only a few of his descendants emigrated to Louisiana.  Most came from Maryland in 1767 and 1769, and a few from France in 1785.  The Acadian Brasset/Brasseauxs of South Louisiana are descended from Pierre and Blaise, the two sons of Cosme Brasseur dit Brasseux and Éisabeth Thibodeau who came with their widowed mother from Maryland in 1767.  Older brother Pierre settled on the river at St.-Gabriel, and younger brother Blaise moved on to the Opelousas District and started a western branch of the family.  Two of his sons lived on the upper Atchafalaya River near the boundary between St. Landry and Pointe Coupee parishes, and some of his grandsons settled near Church Point in present-day Acadia Parish.  During the early antebellum period, the western branch was supplemented by three Brasset brothers, grandsons of Pierre, who left the river and settled in Lafayette Parish, especially near Carencro.  Others joined their cousins in the Church Point area, or moved south to the area around Abbeville.  While their western cousins spread out on the prairies, members of the eastern branch of the family moved down the Acadian Coast from St. Gabriel into Ascension and St. James parishes, and one of them may have moved upriver to West Feliciana Parish.  In 1785, two Brasseur sisters came to Louisiana from France and settled on upper Bayou Lafourche; one married, the other did not.  In the 1830s and 1840s, a few Brasseaux families appeared on Bayou Lafourche, but they did not remain there; area church and civil records do not reveal their relationship with known Acadian lines of the family in other parts of the region.  By the end of the antebellum period, members of the western branch of the family significantly outnumbered their cousins on the river.  

Area church and civil records reveal no Brasseurs in colonial Louisiana other than Acadian immigrants.  The Brassets and Brasseauxs of South Louisiana, then, were descendants of Mathieu Brasseur dit La Citardy of Minas. 

Judging by the number of slaves they owned during the late antebellum period, the Brasset/Brasseauxs on the river and on the western prairies participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  Auguste Brasseaux of Vermilion Parish owned half a dozen slaves in 1850.  A decade later, no one in the family, either on the prairies or along the river, appeared on the 1860 federal slave schedules.  

Over a dozen Brasset/Brasseauxs served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861.  At least one of them died in Confederate service.  Octave, son of Joseph Brasseaux of Lafayette Parish, enlisted in Company F of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry in October 1861.  He was severely wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862, fell into enemy hands, and died in a Federal general hospital at Louisville, Kentucky, the following June.  He was only 23 years old.  Although Confederate service records cannot confirm it, the deaths of Octave's older brothers Aurelien and Alcide in January 1863 and January 1864, respectively, makes one wonder if they, too, were not fatalities of the conflict. ...

Dr. Carl Brasseaux, retired director of the Louisiana Studies Center at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette and a leading authority on Le Grand Dérangement and the Acadians in Louisiana, is a descendant of Cosme Brasseur dit Brasseux and his remarkable wife, Élisabeth Thibodeau. ...

Today, the western members of the family spell their surname Brasseux or, especially, Brasseaux, while their relatives on the river favor Brasset.  The family's name in Louisiana also is spelled Baceaux, Bracet, Barfeux, Brakens, Braseau, Brasein, Braser, Braseau, Braseuse, Braseux, Brasoeur, Brasin, Brasio, Brasse, Brasseau, Brasseu, Brasseus, Brassieus, Brinsech, Bruset.  [See Book Ten for the family's Louisiana "begats"]

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, St. Martin & Vermilion parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, West Feliciana Parish; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1121-25, 1347, 1656, 2437-38; BRDR, vol. 1a(rev.), 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hébert, D., Acadians in Exile, 52; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Supply.htm>, Family Nos. 16, 27; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 34; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 161; White, DGFA-1, 267-70; White, DGFA-1 English, 59; Wood, Acadians in Maryland, 92-93.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Anne BRASSEAUX 01 Jul 1767 StG, Op born c1753, probably Grand-Pré; daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; sister of Blaise, Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Marguerite, Marie-Rose, & Pierre; exiled to MD 1755, age 2; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Anne BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 14; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Ana BRASEIN, age 14, with widowed mother & siblings; moved to Opelousas District; married Pierre, son of Honoré TRAHAN & Marie CORPORON, probably St.-Gabriel, early 1770s; moved to Opelousas District; in Opelousas census, 1777, called Anne BRASSEUX, age 23, with husband & 1 daughter; in Opelousas census, 1785, unnamed, with husband & 5 others; died by 1788, when her husband was listed in the Opelousas census without a wife
Blaise BRASSEAUX 02 Jul 1767 StG, Op born c1752, probably Grand-Pré; son of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; brother of Anne, Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Marguerite, Marie-Rose, & Pierre; exiled to MD 1755, age 3; not in report of Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 15; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Blas BRASEIN, age 15, with widowed mother & 5 sisters; moved to Opelousas District; married Marie-Anne, called Anne, daughter of Amand PRÉJEAN & his first wife Madeleine MARTIN, mid-1770s, probably Opelousas; in Opelousas census, 1777, called Blaize BRASSEUX, age 25, head of family number 95, with wife Anne age 23, no children, 0 slaves, 15 cattle, 5 horses, 0 hogs, 0 sheep; in Opelousas census, 1785, called Blse BRASSEUX, with 5 unnamed free individuals, 0 slaves; in Opelousas census, 1788, Bellevue, called Blaise BRASSEUR, with 2 unnamed males, 1 unnamed woman [wife Marie-Anne], 3 unnamed girls, 0 slaves, 45 cattle, 10 horses, 11 arpents; on Opelousas militia list, Jul 1789, fusilier, called Blaise BRASSEAUX; in Opelousas census, 1796, Bellevue District, called Blaise BRASEUX, with unnamed wife [Marie-Anne], 3 unnamed white males, 6 unnamed white females, & 1 male slave, next to brother-in-law Jean JOHONSON
Marguerite BRASSEAUX 03 Jul 1767 StG born Sep 1766, MD; daughter of Pierre BRASSEUR & Élisabeth/Isabelle RICHARD; arrived LA 1767, age 1; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Margarita, age 10 mos., with parents; in St.-Gabriel census, 1777, right bank ascending, unnamed, age 9, with parents & 2 brothers; married, age 17, Paul, son of Dominique BABIN & Marguerite BOUDREAUX of Ste.-Famille, Pigiguit, 24 Feb 1784, St.-Gabriel; died [buried] St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, 14 Mar 1809, age 50[sic], a widow
Marie BRASSEAUX 04 Jul 1767 StG, Atk, Asc, Op born c1749, probably Grand-Pré; daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; sister of Anne, Blaise, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Marguerite, Marie-Rose, & Pierre; exiled to MD 1755, age 6; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 18; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Maria BRASEIN, age 18, with widowed mother & siblings; in Attakapas census, 1769, called Marie BRASEAU, age 19, with family of Jean BERARD; married, age 23, Hubert of Langres, son of Hubert JANIS & Catherine PETITOT, 12 Oct 1772, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; moved to Opelousas District; in Opelousas census, 1777, called Marie BRASSEUX, age 28, with husband Hubert JEANNY age 50, head of family number 123, son Hubert [JANIS] age 4, & daughter Théotiste [JANIS] age 2, 0 slaves, 12 cattle, 1 horse, 4 hogs, 0 sheep; in Opelousas census, 1788, Bellevue, unnamed, with husband Hubert JANNIS, 4 unnamed males, 4 unnamed girls, 0 slaves, 16 cattle, 10 horses, 7 arpents; in Opelousas census, 1796, Bellevue District, unnamed, with husband Hubert JANIS, 6 other unnamed whites, & 0 slaves, next to son Hubert
Marie BRASSEAUX 05 Aug 1785 Asp born c1750, probably Minas; daughter of Joseph BRASSEUR and Marie-Rose DAIGLE; sister of Osite; exiled to VA 1755, age 5; deported to England 1756, age 6; repatriated to France aboard L'Ambition, arrived St.-Malo 23 May 1763, age 13; in Poitou, France, 1773-76; in Fourth Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Mar 1776; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, called Marie BRASSEUR, with 2 orphans [1 of them probably sister Osite]; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 35, single, traveled with sister; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, hatchet, shovel, & meat cleaver, 2 hoes; married, age 38, Olivier, son of Jean TRAHAN & Marie GIROIR, & widower of Élisabeth/Isabelle LEJEUNE, 27 Jan 1788, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Marie BRASSEUR, age 39, with husband, stepson, & sister; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Marie BRASSEUR, age 44[sic], with husband & sister; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria BRASSEU, age 48[sic], with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie BRASSEUR, age 49[sic], with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie nor surname given, age 50[sic], with husband & sister
Marie-Geneviève BRASSEAUX 06 Oct 1769 Natc, StG, Op born & baptized 24 Jan 1724, Grand-Pré; daughter of Mathieu BRASSEUR dit La Citardy & Jeanne CÉLESTIN dit BELLEMERE; aunt of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX's children; exiled to MD 1755, age 31; in report of Acadians at Upper Marlborough, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie BRASSEU, listed singly so probably still unmarried; married, age 41, (1)Pierre-Olivier, called Olivier, BENOIT, widower of Susanne BOUDREAUX, c1765, probably MD; departed Port Tobacco, MD, 5 Jan 1769, aboard English schooner Britannia with husband & stepchildren; lost in the Gulf of Mexico & held by Spanish at La Bahia, TX; arrived Natchitoches Post, LA, 24 Oct 1769, overland from TX, age 46; settled below Bayou Plaquemine, St.-Gabriel District, with other Acadian exiles from the Britannia, Apr 1770; in St.-Gabriel census, 1777, right bank ascending, unnamed, age 35[sic], with husband, 1 stepson, & 2 stepdaughters; moved to Opelousas District; in Opelousas census, 1785, unnamed, with husband & 3 others; in succession record of her husband Olivier dated 8 Dec 1787, St. Landry Parish Courthouse, Opelousas; married, age 64 (2)Claude, son of Joseph AUCOIN & Anne TRAHAN, & widower of Marie-Josèphe SONNIER, 23 Nov 1788, Opelousas; died [buried] St. Landry Parish 29 Jan 1813, age 85[sic]
Marie-Madeleine BRASSEAUX 07 Jul 1767 StG, Op born & baptized 29 Oct 1746, Grand-Pré; daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; sister of Anne, Blaise, Marie, Marie-Marguerite, Marie-Rose, & Pierre; exiled to MD 1755, age 9; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie Madeleine BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 20; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Maria Magdelena BRASEIN, age 20, with widowed mother & siblings; moved to Opelousas District; married Victor, son of Alexandre RICHARD & Madeleine THIBODEAUX of Chignecto, mid-1770s, probably Opelousas; in Opelousas census, 1777, age 30, with husband & 1 son; in Opelousas census, 1785, unnamed, with husband & 7 unnamed others; in Opelousas census, 1788, Bellevue, unnamed, with husband & 9 unnamed others; in Opelousas census, 1796, Bellevue District, unnamed, with husband & 11 unnamed others; died [buried] St. Landry Parish 7 Nov 1809, "age about 60[sic] yrs."
Marie-Marguerite BRASSEAUX 08 Jul 1767 StG, Op? born c1745, probably Grand-Pre; daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEAUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; sister of Anne, Blaise, Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Rose, & Pierre; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie Marguerite BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 22; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Maria Margarita, age 22, with widowed mother & siblings; moved to Opelousas District?; never married?
Marie-Rose BRASSEAUX 09 Jul 1767 StG, Op born c1755, Grand-Pré or MD; daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEAUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX; sister of Anne, Blaise, Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Marguerite, & Pierre; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie-Rose BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & siblings; arrived LA 1767, age 12; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Maria Rosa, age 12, with widowed mother & siblings; moved to Opelousas District; in Opelousas census, 1777, called Marie-Rose BRASSEUX, age 20, a "spinster," head of "family" number 98, with 0 slaves, 2 cattle, 0 horses, 0 hogs, 0 sheep; married (1)Charles, fils, son of probably Charles JEANSONNE & Marie AUCOIN, late 1770s or early 1780s, probably Opelousas; in Opelousas census, 1785, unnamed, with husband & 5 others; in Opelousas census, 1788, Bellevue, unnamed, with husband & 5 others; in Opelousas census, 1796, Bellevue District, called Widow Chs. JEANSON, with 4 white males, 5 white females, & 0 slaves; married (2)Walter MILLS, probably Opelousas, late 1790s; moved to Avoyelles Parish; died Avoyelles Parish 1819, age 64, a widow; inventory record dated 5 Nov 1819; probate sale, Avoyelles Parish Courthouse, 11 Dec 1819
Osite BRASSEAUX 10 Aug 1785 Asp born 1 Oct 1759, England; daughter of Joseph BRASSEUR and Marie-Rose DAIGLE; sister of Marie; repatriated to France aboard L'Ambition, arrived St.-Malo 23 May 1763, age 3; at St.-Servan, France, 1763-72; in Poitou, France, 1773-76; in Fourth Convoy from Châtellerault to Nantes, France, Mar 1776; on list of Acadians at Nantes, Sep 1784, unnamed, an orphan with sister Marie & another orphan?; sailed to LA on La Bergère, age 24, traveled with sister; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Ositte BRASSEUR, age 26, with sister, brother-in-law Olivier TRAHAM, & his son; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Zite, no surname given, age 30, with sister & brother-in-law Olivier TRAHAN; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Ositte, no surname given, age 35[sic], with sister & brother-in-law Olivier TRAHANS; evidently never married; died [buried] Assumption 23 Feb 1799, age 35[sic]
Pierre BRASSEAUX 11 Jul 1767 StG, Asc born c1742, probably Grand-Pre; son of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEAUX & Elisabeth/Isabelle THIBODEAUX; brother of Anne, Blaise, Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Marguerite, & Marie-Rose; exiled to MD 1755, age 13; in report on Acadians at Georgetown, MD, Jul 1763, called Pierre BRASSEUX, with widowed mother & sisters; married Élisabeth/Isabelle RICHARD, mid-1760s, probably MD; arrived LA 1767, age 25; in report on Acadians who settled at St.-Gabriel, 1767, called Pedro BRASEN & BRASIO, age 25, head of family number 25, assigned farm number 47, with wife Isabel age 24, & daughter Margarita age 10 mos.; in St.-Gabriel census, 1777, right bank ascending, called Piere BRASEUX, age 35, with unnamed wife [Élisabeth/Isabelle] age 28[sic], 1 unnamed daughter [Marguerite] age 9, 2 unnamed sons ages 6 [Joseph] & 4 [Olivier], 17 cattle, 4 horses, 16 hogs, 30 fowl, 12 arpents; died [buried] Ascension 30 Sep 1794, age 52

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Anne BRASSEUR.

02.  Wall of Names, 12, calls him Blaise BRASSEUR; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2438.  See also De Ville, Southwest LA Families, 1777, 24.  

Arsenault, cited above, says he was born c1756, but the Opelousas census of 1777 says otherwise.  Arsenault also says that Blaise did not marry Anne until c1778, but the Opelousas census of 1777 lists them as married.

03.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Marguerite BRASSEUR; BRDR, 2:2a, 4a, 54, 141 (SGA-5, 28), her marriage record, calls her Marguerite BRASSEUR, "native of Maryland," calls her husband Paul BABIN, gives her & his parents' names, says his parents were "of St.-Famille Parish in Acadia," & that the witnesses to her marriage were Ignace BABIN [his brother], Joseph RICHARD, Pierre BRASSEUR [her father], & Louis LECOMTE; BRDR, 3:154 (SGA-8, 46), her death/burial record, calls her Marguerite BRASSET, age 50 yrs. wid. Paul BABIN, but does not give her parents' names.

Ste.-Famille Parish in Acadia was one of the parishes at Pigiguit. 

04.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Marie BRASSEUR; BRDR, 2:141, 390 (ASC-1, 121), her marriage record, calls her Marie BRASSEUR, calls her husband Hubert JANNI, gives her & his parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Hubert JANNI, Jean-Francois BERTEN, & Honoré TRAHAN; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:111, 431 (BRDA: Ascension Ch.: v.1, p.102), also her marriage record, calls her Marie BRASSEUX, calls her husband Hubert JANNI, gives her & his parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Hubert JANNI & Jean-François BERTIN.  See also Arceneaux, D. J., Attakapas Post in 1769, 25, 28. 

What was Marie doing at Attakapas in 1769?  Jean BERARD's wife was Anne-Henriette, daughter of Alexandre BROUSSARD dit Beausoleil & Marguerite THIBODEAU, kin to her mother Élisabeth THIBODEAU. 

Her husband's name was JANIS, more commonly spelled JANISE today.  

05.  Wall of Names, 31 (pl. 7R), calls her Marie BRASSEUR, & lists her with her sister; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 161, Family No. 192, calls her Marie BRASSEUR, says she was born in c1750, gives her parents' names, their marriage date & place, says the family arrived at St.-Malo from England aboard L'Ambition on 23 May 1763, says the family settled at St.-Servan ; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 22-23, calls her Marie BRASSEUR, fille, age 35, on the embarkation list, Marie BRASSEUR, on the debarkation list, & Marie BRASSEUR, single woman, age 35, on the complete listing, says she was in the 51st Family aboard La Bergère with her sister, & lists the implements the Spanish gave to her & her sister after they reached LA; BRDR, 141, 707 (ASC-2, 12), her marriage record, calls her Maria BRASEUX, does not give her or her husband's parents' names but says all parents were Acadians, & that the to her marriage were Louis DESHORMAUX & Joseph THERIOT.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 41, 61, 95, 142, 173.  

Her estimated birth year is based not on the ages given in the LA censuses in which she is found but on Robichaux's study of the Acadians in France & the passenger list of La Bergère.  The ages given in the LA censuses consistently place her birth in c1747 or 1748.  See Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche.  Her parents were married at Grand-Prè on 29 Oct 1748.  See White, DGFA-1, 269.  Marie was her parents' first child.  Considering that pre-marital births were rare among Acadians, she likely was born in c1749 or 1750.

Why did she wait so long to marry?  Most unusual for an Acadian woman.  Note that on the voyage to LA in 1785 she & her younger sister traveled on the same ship as Olivier TRAHAN, that their families in fact are on the passenger list one after the other.

06.  Wall of Names, 11, calls her Marie BRASSEUR; White, DGFA-1, 269, calls her Marie-Geneviève BRASSEUR, provides her birth/baptismal date, says her godparents were Mathieu BRASSEUR & Marie LEBLANC, details her marriages, places her at Upper Marlboro, MD, in Jul 1763, seul, or alone, & gives her second husband's succession record; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:22, 111 (Opel. Ch.: v.1-A, p.22; LSAR: Opel.: 1788), the records of her second marriage, call her Marie BRASSEUX, wid. of OLIVIER, & wid. of Olivier BENOIT, gives her parents' names in the civil record, & says in the church record that the witnesses to her marriage were Blaise BRASSEUR [her nephew], Baptiste FIGURON, Joseph JEANSONNE, & Jean JEANSONNE; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:50, 110, 111 (LSAR: Opel.: 1787; LSU Archives: Opel. #3)), her husbands' succession records, call her Marie BRASSEUX; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 2-A:27 (Opel. Ch.: v.1, p.128), her death/burial record, calls her Widow AUCOIN, says she was "age about 85 yrs." when she died, but does not give her parents' names.  See also Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 156; De Ville, St. Gabriel Census, 1777, 5.  

Arsenault, Généalogie, 2416-17, says that Olivier BENOIT's children were from his first marriage to Suzanne BOUDREAUX, not from Marie-Geneviève BRASSEAUX, which makes sense in light of the Jul 1763 record in MD.  The marriage record of Magdeleine BENOIT, daughter of Pierre-Olivier BENOIT "of Canada" & Susanne BUDRO "of Canada," dated 16 Sep 1787, in Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:49 (SM Ch.: v.4, #9), confirms this. 

07.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Marie-Madeleine BRASSEUR; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2576, says that Victor RICHARD married Marie-Madeleine BRASSEAUX in c1772; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-B:103 (Opel. Ch.: v.1, p.104), her death/burial record, calls her (presumably Marie) BRASSEUX, wid. of Victor RICHARD, "age about 60 yrs.," but does not give her parents' names.  See also De Ville, Mississippi Valley Mélange, 1: 40.  

Arsenault also says that Marie-Madeleine BRASSEAUX was sans doute daughter of Mathieu BRASSEAUX & Anne-Marie PITRE.  However, there is very much doubt that this Marie BRASSEAUX was Mathieu's and not Cosme's daughter.  In the baptismal record of son Alexandre RICHARD, the mother is called Marie-Magdelaine BRASSEUR, but unfortunately the record lists no grandparents.  The same holds true for the baptismal record of son Jean-Baptiste RICHARD.  But this record gives us a clue when it says that the baby's sponsors were Blaise BRASSEAUX & Marie TIBODO.  Blaise was the son of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX & Élisabeth THIBODEAUX.  Blaise had an older  sister named ... Marie-Madeleine.  In the birth records of son Joseph & daughter Julie RICHARD, the mother is called simply Marie BRASEUSE.  No more clues are found in the baptismal & marriage records of their other children.  However, based on the connection with Blaise BRASSEAUX & the THIBODEAUXs, I conclude that Victor RICHARD's Marie was the daughter of Cosme & Élisabeth, not his brother Mathieu & Anne-Marie, whose daughter does not seem to have come to LA anyway.  See Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A: 657, 660-63.

Another clue to her correct identity is her burial record, which says she died "age about 60 yrs."  Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Cosme BRASSEUR dit BRASSEUX, was born at Grand-Pré in Oct 1746, so she would have been 63 years old in Nov 1809.  This is our girl.  

08.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Marie-Marguerite BRASSEUR.

What happened to her in LA?  Did she follow her siblings to the Opelousas District after her mother's death?  Did she ever marry?

09.  Wall of Names, 12, calls her Marie-Rose BRASSEUR; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2517, says that Charles JEANSONNE married Marie-Rose BRASSEAUX in c1775.  See also De Ville, Southwest LA Families, 1777, 24.  

The Opelousas census of 1777 says that Charles JEANSONNE was still a bachelor, so he did not marry Marie-Rose in c1775.

According to descendant Lyle Barbato, "[H]er inventory occurred in Avoyelles Parish on 5 November 1819:  Avoyelles Parish Inventory Book (1818-1824) pp.181-182:  The estate of Marie Rose BRASEUR wd/o Charles JOHNSON is worth $514.50 and includes 50 arpents of land.  Her probate sale occurred  in Avoyelles Parish on 11 December 1819:  Avoyelles Parish Inventory Book (1818-1824) pp.184-185: Marie Rose's estate of 16 items is sold for $283.50."  Barbato adds:  "You'll notice William MILLS states he is her son on that page. This is confirmation that the William MILLS bapt. on 16 Dec 1799 at Opelousas to her and a Walter MILLS was hers. See L.B. to author via email, 26 Apr 2017; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:575 (Opel.Ch.:  v.1-A, p.223). 

10.  Wall of Names, 31 (pl. 7R), calls her Ozite BRASSEUR sa [Marie BRASSEUR's] soeur, & lists her with her sister; Hébert, D., Acadian Familes in Exile 1785, 22-23, calls her Ozite, sa [Marie BRASSEUR's] soeur, age 24, on the embarkation list, does not include her on the debarkation list, calls her Ozite BRASSEUR, her [Marie BRASSEUR's] sister, age 24, on the complete listing, & says she was in the 51st Family aboard La Bergère with her sister; BRDR, 2:142 (ASM-3, 19), her death/burial record, calls her Osa BRASOEUR, age 35 years, gives her parents' names, says they both were deceased & natives of Acadia, but mentions no husband.

One wonders why she never married.  

11.  Wall of Names, 12, calls him Pierre BRASSEUR; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2437, says he was born in c1753; BRDR, 2:141 (ASC-4, 17), his death/burial record, calls him Pedro BRASEAU, husband of Isabel RICHARD of Iberville, but does not give his parents' names or his age when he died.  See also Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 429, 432; De Ville, St. Gabriel Census, 1777, 5.  

A Joseph BRASSEUR, son of Cosme BRASSEUR & Élizabet THIBAUDAU, was born & baptized at Grand-Pré on 3 Sep 1742.  See BRDR, 1a(rev.):40 (SGA-3, 16s).  Was this Pierre?  Was his name actually Joseph-Pierre or Pierre-Joseph?  The ages for him in the Spanish report of 1767 and the St.-Gabriel census of 1777, a decade apart, are consistent in giving him an estimated birth year of c1742.  

Judging from the Spanish report of 1767 & the age of his daughter in 1777, Arsenault's date for his marriage, c1773, is dead wrong. 

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