APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

BIJEAUX/BUJOLE

[BEE-jo, BOO-zho, BOO-zhole]

ACADIA

Pierre-Alain, called Alain, son of Daniel Bugeaud, notary of St.-Ciers-du-Taillon, and Marie de La Vergne, born at Bois, Saintonge, France, in November 1672 (and christened at the Protestant church in that city), came to Acadia in c1690, married Élisabeth or Isabelle, daughter of Pierre Melanson and Marguerite Mius d'Entremont, in c1695 (one assumes that he converted to Catholicism before his marriage), and settled with the Melansons at Grand-Pré, where he served as a churchwarden, a surgeon, and a notary.  Sr. Alain died probably at Grand-Pré in c1708, and his wife remarried to René LeBlanc of Grand Pré the following year.  But before he died, Sr. Alain fathered five sons, all born at Minas, four of whom created families of their own.  His daughter married into the Gautrot family.  

Oldest son Joseph, born in c1699, married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Abraham Landry and Marie Guilbeau, probably at Minas in c1720.  Joseph settled on the L'Assomption side of the river at Pigiguit before moving on to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island, in c1749, probably to escape British retribution in Nova Scotia.  Joseph and his family settled on Rivière-du-Nord-Est on the island.  Two of his sons, however, Joseph, fils and Étienne, remained at Pigiguit.  In the 1752 census of Île St.-Jean, which found Joseph, père and his family still at Rivière-du-Nord-Est, the census taker called him Le Sr. Joseph, a reference most likely to his father's status as a surgeon, notary, and churchwarden back in Nova Scotia.  The census taker also used the honorific Sr. with the names of all the other Bugeaud heads of family in the census and called the married Bugeaud daughters demoiselles.

Louis-Amand, called Amand, born in c1701, married first to Catherine, daughter of Pierre Granger and Isabelle Guilbeau, at Grand-Pré in c1728, and then to Claire, daughter of Jean Doucet and Françoise Blanchard, at Grand-Pré in c1730.  Amand, though he served as a delegate from Minas to the Nova Scotia council at Annapolis Royal, participated in the Acadian resistance against British rule during King George's War, 1744-48.  Like his older brother Joseph, Amand moved to Île-St.-Jean in c1749 to escape British retribution.  In the Île St.-Jean census of 1752, Amand was addressed as Sr. and was listed as a merchant and navigator.  His 23-year-old son Louis-Amand, fils, still a bachelor, also was addressed as Sr. 

Paul married Marguerite, another daughter of Jean Doucet and Françoise Blanchard, at Grand-Pré in c1726.  Paul and his family remained at Minas.  One of his daughters, Madeleine, married Sr. Charles Jousseaume, an aristocratic merchant from St.-Martin-de-Villeneuve, Diocese of La Rochelle, France, and settled with him at St.-Pierre-du-Nord on Île St.-Jean; amazingly, Charles was age 30 and Madeleine only 16 when they were counted on the island in late 1752; the census taker noted that Sr. Charles had been "in the country three years" and that he and his demoiselle from l'Acadie had been married for only a month. 

Youngest son Alain, fils, born in c1704, married Madeleine, daughter of Charles Boudrot and Marie Corporon, at Grand-Pré in July 1727.  Alain followed his older brother Joseph to Pigiguit and then to Île St.-Jean.  Alain and his family settled on Rivière-du-Moulin-à-Scie on the island.  

[For more of this family in pre- and post-disperal Acadia and Canada, see Book Three]

By 1755, the descendants of surgeon/notary Sr. Alain Bugeaud could be found at Pigiguit in the Minas Basin and especially in various communities on Île St.-Jean.  

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  RIVER SETTLEMENTS

The Bugeaud brothers were among the first Maryland Acadians to reach Louisiana.  By the time they got there in September 1766, however, a Spaniard, Antonio de Ulloa, was governing the colony, having arrived at New Orleans only a few months before.  Determined to transform the Acadians into obedient subjects who would serve as the colony's frontier militia, Ulloa sent the first ship load of Maryland Acadians to Cabanocé/St.-Jacques on the river above New Orleans in present-day St. James Parish.  Dozens of Acadians had settled there in 1764 and 1765 when the French still governed the colony, so the new arrivals were generally happy with the arrangement.  The only other Acadian settlements in Louisiana at the time were in the Attakapas and Opelousas districts, on the prairies west of the Atchafalaya Basin.

Joseph Bugeaud, fils, age 43, came to Louisiana with wife Anne LeBlanc, age 34, and five children--Marguerite, age 15, Augustin, age 13, Perpétué, age 11, Anne, age 7, and Marie-Madeleine, age 1.  Two of his daughters married influential men:  Oldest daughter Marguerite married Joseph, son of French Creole Augustin Constant of d'Arbone, St.-Étienne, France, at St.-Jacques in August 1770; he was a French Creole who was a dozen years older than Marguerite and was St.-Jacque's "publican"; she gave her husband two sons and a daughter before he died in the late 1770s; in February 1780, at Ascension on the river above St.-Jacques, Marguerite remarried to another shaker and mover in the community, Don Juan Vives of Valencia, Spain, a physician and lieutenant of the Ascension militia; Marguerite gave him five children.  Youngest daughter Marie-Madeleine made an even more lucrative match than her oldest sister Marguerite; in February 1784, when she was 19 years old, Marie-Madeleine married Auguste Verret, younger son of Don Nicolas Verret, commandant of the district of St.-Jacques and Ascension and one of the pioneer settlers of the area; Auguste's mother was Marie Cantrelle, daughter of one of the founders of the St.-Jacques settlement, the redoubtable Jacques Cantrelle, for whom the community was named (see Appendix).  Another daughter married into the Buquoy and Prevost families.  Daughter Anne married into the Landry family and was the only one of her sisters who married a fellow Acadian.

Étienne Bugeaud, age 42, came to Louisiana a widower with four children--Mathurin, age 14, Pierre, age 11, and twins Madeleine and Marie, age 5.  

In Louisiana, on the river, the family's name evolved from Bugeaud to Bujol and eventually to Bujole.  

Descendants of Joseph BUJOLE (c1723-1806; Alain)

Joseph, fils, older son of Joseph Bugeaud, père and Marie-Josèphe Landry and brother of Étienne, born probably at L'Assomption, Pigiguit in c1723, married Anne, daughter of Jean LeBlanc and Jeanne Bourgeois, probably at Pigiguit in c1750.  He and his family were exiled to Maryland in 1755.  They came to Louisiana in 1766 and settled at Cabanocé, where he and his wife had more children.  They remained at Cabanocé for a few years then drifted upriver to Ascension, where Spanish officials counted them in 1770 and again in 1777.  Joseph, fils died at Ascension in February 1806 in his early 80s.  His older son settled on the western prairies.  His younger son remained on the river and settled at Ascension. 

1

Older son Augustin, born probably at Pigiguit in c1753, married Anne-Gertrude, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Landry and Marie-Josèphe Bourg, at St.-Jacques in February 1774.  Later in the decade, Augustin moved his family to the Attakapas District west of the Atchafalaya Basin and started a western branch of the family.  

2

Younger son Joseph III, born at Cabanocé in c1769, married Manette, daughter of French Creole Jean-Baptiste Picou of New Orleans and Maria Lorot "of Louisbourg in Canada," at Assumption on upper Bayou Lafourche in May 1796; Manette's mother was a Lorot from Louisbourg.  Their son Jean-Joseph was born at Ascension in May 1803, and Narcisse Carville in November 1804.  Joseph III died in Ascension Parish in October 1808; he was only 40 years old.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in West Baton Rouge Parish counted 2 slaves--a 50-year-old black female and an 11-year-old black female--on Manet Bujol's farm; this probably was Joseph III's widow, Manette Picou.  Evidently Manette returned to the Bayou Lafourche valley in the 1850s.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Lafourche Parish counted 2 slaves--an 80-year-old black female and a 47-year-old black female--on Mrs. Manette Bujol's farm in the parish's Seventh Ward; this probably was Manette Picou, who would have been close to 80 years old herself.  

Narcisse married Adeline, daughter of fellow Acadian Joseph Orillion and his Creole wife Clothilde Marionneaux, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in May 1825.  Their son Joseph Narcisse was born near St. Gabriel in April 1826, Joseph Terrebonne in September 1839, and Narcisse Théodore in August 1841.  Their daughters married into the Desaunnay, Devilliers, Rivet, and Roth families.  Narcisse died near St. Gabriel in September 1855; the priest who recorded his burial said that Narcisse was 55 years old when he died, but he was only 50.  

Descendants of Étienne BUJOLE (c1725-1786; Alain)

Étienne Bugeaud, younger son of Joseph Bugeaud, père and Marie-Josèphe Landry and brother of Joseph, was born probably at L'Assomption, Pigiguit, in c1725.  Étienne married Brigitte, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Chenet and Anne Pothier of Île St.-Jean, probably at Pigiguit in c1750.  They were exiled to Maryland in 1755.  Étienne came to Louisiana as a widower with four children in 1766 and settled at Cabanocé/St.-Jacques.  His daughters married into the Blanchard and Bourg families.  Étienne remarried to fellow Acadian Anne Forest, widow of Pierre Babin, at New Orleans in c1768.  She gave him more children.  They may have lived for a time in the Pointe Coupée area soon after their marriage.  By 1770, Étienne and his family were living next to brother Joseph at Ascension and were still there seven years later.  Étienne died at Ascension in October 1786, in his early 60s.  Two of his three sons married, but only the youngest one created a line that endured.  He remained on the river, had three sons of his own who married, and they created the most prolific line of the Bujole family in the colony.  Étienne's grandsons settled in Ascension, Iberville, and West Baton Rouge parishes.  One of his grandsons in Ascension Parish became a major planter by 1860.  

1

Oldest son Mathurin, by his father's first wife, born probably at Pigiguit in c1752.  In 1770, at Ascension, he was a 17-year-old head of "family."  He evidently never married.  

2

Pierre, by his father's first wife, born probably at Pigiguit in c1755, married Osite, daughter of fellow Acadians Pierre Landry and Geneviève Broussard, at St.-Jacques in April 1776.  Pierre died at Ascension the following October; he was only 21 years old.  His line of the family died with him.   

3

Youngest son Jean-Augustin-Gabriel, by his father's second wife, born on the river in October 1768 and baptized at Pointe Coupée the following February, married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Bourg and Madeleine Granger, at Ascension in February 1786, on the same day and at the same place his older half-sister Marie married Marie-Josèphe's brother Pierre.  Jean and Marie-Josèphe's son Joseph-Sylvestre was born at Ascension in October 1787, Étienne-Eugène, called Eugène, in June 1794, and Simon-Edmond, called Edmond and Édouard, in c1797  Their daughters married into the LeBlanc family.  Jean remarried to Marie Eugènie, daughter of Michel Lambremont and his Acadian wife Marguerite Pélagie Braud, at nearby St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in March 1818.  Their son Étienne le jeune was born near St. Gabriel in February 1819, and Jean Baptiste Théodule was born posthumously in January 1821 but died the following September.  Jean died in Ascension Parish in December 1820; the priest who recorded his burial said that Jean was 32 years old when he died, but he was 52. 

3a

Joseph Sylvestre, by his father's first wife, married cousin Marie Françoise, called Manette, daughter of French Creole Augustin Leveque and Justine Prevault of New Orleans, at the Donaldson church, Ascension Parish, in April 1811; they had to secure dispensations for third and fourth degrees of consanguinity in order to marry.  The lived near the boundary between Ascension and Assumption parishes.  Their son Sylvestre Augustin Casimir was born in December 1813, Joseph Hubert in October 1815, and Joseph François or François Joseph, in July 1819.  They also had a son named Joseph Amédée, called Amédée, who may have been François Joseph's twin.  Their daughter Marie Pauline, called Pauline, born in October 1817, entered the Academy of the Sacred Heart at Grand Coteau in October 1834, when she was 14 years old; she left for the religious house at St. Louis, Missouri, in June 1842, when she was 24, but she later married.  Marie Angelina, called Angelina, born in July 1823, followed her older sister to the Academy of the Sacred Heart in June 1838, when she was 15 years old, but she did not take her vows.  Joseph Sylvestre and Manette's daughters married into the Fourrier, Gellusseau, and Youngblood families.  Joseph Sylvestre died in Assumption Parish in October 1824; he was only 37 years old.  Two of his four sons created families of their own and moved upriver to the Baton Rouge area.  

Joseph Amédée married Anne Adèle, called Adèle, daughter of fellow Acadian Manuel Landry and his Creole wife Céleste Bruneteau, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in June 1839.  Their son Joseph Sylvestre Amédée was born near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in May 1856.  Their daughters married into the Bergeron, Hotard, and Landry families.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in West Baton Rouge Parish counted 2 slaves--a 19-year-old black male and a 19-year-old black female--on Amédée Bujol's farm next to Manuel Landry, who held 36 slaves.  Joseph Amédée died near Brusly in June 1857; the priest who recorded the burial, and who did not give any parents' names or even mention a wife, said that Joseph Amédée died at "age 38 years."  

François Joseph "of New Orleans" married Marie Irma, called Irma, daughter of fellow Acadians Narcisse Landry and Carmelite Hébert of West Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in January 1846.  Their son Sylvestre Aristide was born near Brusly, West Baton Rouge Parish, in December 1845 but died at age 3 1/2 in September 1849, Joseph Francois was born in March 1852 but died at age 4 months the following July, and Narcisse Provesty was born in September 1856. 

3b

Eugène, by his father's first wife, died in Ascension Parish in April 1814.  He was only 20 years old and probably did not marry.  

3c

Edmond, by his father's first wife, married Marguerite Madeleine or Modeste, sometimes called Modeste, daughter of fellow Acadians Jacques Babin and , at the Donaldson church, Ascension Parish, in January 1817.  Their son Edmond, fils was born in Ascension Parish in February 1818, and a son, name unrecorded, died 2 days after his birth in September 1819.  They also had a son named Jacques dit Job  Edmond, père died in Ascension Parish in March 1823; he was only 26 years old.  His sons remained in Ascension Parish.  

Edmond, fils, called Édouard by the recording priest, married Marie Ethelvina, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Blanchard and Judith LeBlanc, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in February 1838.  Their son Joseph Edmond, called J. Edmond and sometimes Edmond, was born in Ascension Parish in November 1838, and Joseph Jules Alcée was born in May 1844 but died at age 16 months in October 1845.  Edmond, fils remarried to Eleonise Élisabeth, called Élisabeth, daughter of fellow Acadians Neuville Melançon and Marie Eleonise Hébert, at the Donaldsonville church in May 1850.  Their son Jacques le jeune died in Ascension Parish at age 9 months in August 1853, Beltran Théodule was born in October 1856, and Filmore died at age 5 months in May 1859.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted 36 slaves--16 males, 10 females, all black, ranging in age from 60 years to 1 month--on E. Bujole's plantation; this was probably Edmond, fils.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted 47 slaves--32 males and 15 females, 42 blacks and 5 mulattoes, ranging in age from 55 to 1, living in 11 houses--on Edmund Bujol's plantation in the parish's First Ward next to Widow Lise Bujol.  The same census taker counted 30 more slaves--16 males and 14 females, ages 58 to 5, living in 8 houses--owned by Edmund Bujol & Co. nearby--77 slaves in all.  

J. Edmond, by his father's first wife, married Hermina, daughter of Henri Brugere and his Acadian wife Rosalie Melançon, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in October 1857.  Their son Joseph Adam was born in Ascension Parish in September 1862, Pierre Gustave in August 1865, Samson Joseph Bruce in July 1868, and Paul Henry in June 1870.  During the War of 1861-65, J. Edmond served as a sergeant in Company K of the 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Ascension Parish, which fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania--one of General R. E. Lee's Louisiana Tigers.  Faced with conscription, at age 23 he enlisted as a private at Donaldsonville in March 1862 and joined his regiment already in Virginia.  For much of his first year in service--May to August 1862, and January to May 1863--he was absent sick at Lynchburg, Virginia.  Despite his absences, he was promoted to corporal in April 1863 and to sergeant in late July 1863, so he must have been a valuable soldier.  He was absent sick at Lynchburg again in early and mid-1864.  Having returned to his family in late 1864 probably on a medical discharge, he did not surrender with his regiment at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, in April 1865. 

Jacques married Elmire Elise, called Lise, daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Baptiste Gaudin and Rosalie Dugas, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in October 1841.  Their son Joseph Jean Baptiste was born in Ascension Parish in January 1844, Étienne le jeune in December 1845, and Jacques Léonce in January 1852.  Their daughters married into the Babin and Landry families.  In September 1850, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted a single slave--a 50-year-old black male--on Jacques Bujole's farm.  Jacques died in Ascension Parish in October 1855; the priest who recorded his burial said  that Jacques was 36 years old when he died.  In June 1860, the federal census taker in Ascension Parish counted 5 slaves--3 males and 2 females, 1 black and 4 mulattoes, ranging in age from 35 to 5, living in 2 houses--on Widow Lise Bujol's farm in the parish's First Ward between Edmund Bujol's plantation and Edmund Bujol & Co.; this was Jacques's widow, Lise Gaudin.  

Étienne le jeune, called Étienne T. by the recording priest, married first cousin Amelina, daughter of fellow Acadians Adélard Landry and Ursule Gaudin, at the Donaldsonville church, Ascension Parish, in April 1868; Amelina's mother was Étienne's maternal aunt, so they had to secure a dispensation for second degree of consanguinity in order to marry.  Their son Jacques André was born in Ascension Parish in February 1869. 

3d

Étienne le jeune, by his father's second wife, married Marie Caroline, called Carolina, daughter of Spanish Creole Joseph Martinez and Marguerite Lopez, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in January 1846.  Their son Jean Amédée was born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in January 1846, Joseph Augustin or Augustave in November 1848 but died at age 5 in September 1853, and Thomas Ostein was born in December 1851.  In August 1850, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted 5 slaves--2 males and 3 females, all black, ranging in age from 48 to 4--on E. Bujle's farm; this was probably Étienne le jeune.  In July 1860, the federal census taker in Iberville Parish counted 11 slaves--4 males and 7 females, all black, ranging in age from 45 to 1, living in a single house--on Étienne Bujol's farm.  

Other BUJOLES on the River

Area church and civil records make it difficult to link some Bujoles with known lines of the family on the river:

Joseph Bujole died at Ascension in February 1806.  The priest who recorded his burial did not give Joseph's parents' names or say how old he was at the time of his death.  

Auguste Bujole married Amérante Bujole.  Their daughter Marie Zuma died in Ascension Parish, age 3, in June 1818.  

LOUISIANA:  WESTERN SETTLEMENTS

In the late 1770s, a Bugeaud from the river crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Attakapas District and established a western branch of the family.  The family's surname evolved into Bijeau/Bijeaux there.  

Descendants of Auguste or Augustin BIJEAUX (c1753-1822; Alain, Joseph)

Augustin, elder son of Joseph Bugeaud, fils and Anne LeBlanc, born probably at Pigiguit in c1753, followed his family from Maryland to Louisiana in 1766.  Augustin married Anne-Gertrude, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Landry and Marie-Josèphe Bourg, at St.-Jacques on the river in February 1774 and moved to the Attakapas District later in the decade.  Augustin settled at L'Anse de la Pointe on upper Bayou Teche and established a western branch of the family there.  In January 1801, Augustin remarried to Félicité, daughter of French Creole François Senetiere of St.-Charles des Allemands on the German Coast, at Attakapas.  Augustin died at his home at L'Anse de la Pointe in February 1822; the priest who recorded his burial said that Augustin was "age about 75 years" when he died, but he was closer to 69.  His sons who married remained on upper Bayou Teche. 

1

Auguste or Augustin, fils, by his father's first wife, born at Attakapas in March 1778, married Marie Marthe, daughter of Joseph Castille and his Acadian wife Osite Landry and widow of Laurent Ducrest, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in May 1807.  Augustin, fils died "at his home on Bayou Teche" in February 1824; he was 47 years old; his succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse the month he died.  His line of the family probably died with him.  

2

Goudor, by his father's first wife, born at Attakapas in c1781, died at age 7 in September 1788.

3

Maximilien, called Émilien, by his father's first wife, born at Attakapas in c1782, died in November 1802.  He was 20 years old and did not marry.  

4

Ursin, by his father's first wife, born at Attakapas in January 1789, married Madeleine, daughter of fellow Acadian Victor Richard and Marie-Madeleine Brasseaux and widow of Anaclet Cormier, at the Opelousas church, St. Landry Parish, in August 1814.  Their son Ursin, fils, also called Demosthènes, was born near Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, in May 1817, and Sosthène Cyrille, called Cyrille, in August 1819.  Their daughter married into the Patin family.  Ursin, père died in St. Martin Parish in January 1849; he was 60 years old; his succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse later that month.

4a

Ursin, fils/Demosthènes married Laure, called Eve, daughter of Joseph Patin and his Acadian wife Julienne Robichaux, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1836.  Their son Edmond died in St. Martin Parish at age 6 months in November 1837, Louis Trasimond was born in January 1839, and Leueval in c1841 but died at age 3 in October 1844.  Ursin, fils remarried to Oliva, daughter of French Creole Jean Caillier, probably in St. Martin Parish in the early 1840s.  Their son Ursin III was born in St. Martin Parish in October 1845, Jean Murat was baptized at the St. Martinville church, age 2, in September 1851, and Félix was born posthumously in November 1851.  Ursin, fils died at Grand Pointe, St. Martin Parish, in May 1851; the priest who recorded his burial said that Ursin was 32 years old when he died, but he was 34; his succession record was filed at the St. Martinville courthouse later that month.  

Ursin III, by his father's second wife, married first cousin Félicia, daughter of Cyrille Bijeaux and Aspasie Guidry, his uncle and aunt, at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in October 1865. 

Félix, by his father's second wife, married cousin Marie Bijeaux at the Breaux Bridge church, St. Martin Parish, in December 1870.  Was she Marie Virginie or Marie Eve, both of them daughters of his uncle Cyrille? 

4b

Cyrille married Aspasie, daughter of fellow Acadians Olivier Guidry and Élisabeth Thibodeaux, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in November 1841.  Their son Augustin Adam was born in St. Martin Parish in August 1853, Euphémon in February 1856, and Cyrille Trasimond near Breaux Bridge, St. Martin Parish, in April 1840.  Their daughter, or perhaps daughters, married Bijeaux first cousins. 

5

Youngest son Aurelien, by his father's second wife, born at Attakapas in January 1802, married Marie, daughter of Anglo-American Luke Collins and Zoe Courtableau and widow of Guillaume Wiltz, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in September 1826.  Their son Achille was born in St. Martin Parish in October 1830.  Their daughters married into the Bertrand, Jones, Melançon, and Wiltz families. 

Achille married Célestine, daughter of Alexandre Wiltz and Marie Celima Barras, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in April 1857.  Their son Sosthène was born in St. Martin Parish in September 1859 but died at age 8 months in May 1860, Joseph Adam was born in June 1861, and Aurelien le jeune in December 1868.  During the War of 1861-65, Achille served probably as a conscript in Company A of the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, which fought in Louisiana--perhaps the only member of his extended family to serve the Southern Confederacy in uniform.  He went AWOL in early 1864 and may not have returned to his unit.  A daughter was born in St. Martin Parish in July 1864, so in late 1863, when his regiment was stationed in the lower Red River valley, he may have gone on unauthorized leave then as well.  

Other BIJEAUXs on the Western Prairies

Church and civil records make it difficult to link at least one Bijeaux in St. Martin Parish with the Acadian line of the family there:

Sevigné Bijeau died in St. Martin Parish at age 10 in January 1852.  The St. Martinville priest who recorded his burial did not give Sevigné's parents' names.  

    NON-ACADIAN FAMILIES in LOUISIANA

French- and Spanish-Creole families with surnames that resembled Bijeaux/Bujole settled in Louisiana during the colonial period:   

Pierre, son of Rémy Bigeon, died at New Orleans in August 1725.  Pierre was only 3 months old.  

The Bigeau family lived at Pointe Coupée in the 1760s about the same time the Acadian Bugeauds reached Louisiana. 

Jean-Baptiste Pujo married Marie-Thérèse Navalette.  Their son Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre was born at Attakapas, later St. Martin Parish, in September 1784. 

.

In the late 1790s, a French Pujol from Haiti, whom local priests called Bujol at times, married an Acadian girl at Baton Rouge before moving downriver to the Acadian Coast, where they created a large family:   

Descendants of François-Philogène PUJOL (?-?)

François-Philogène, son of Étienne Pujol and Marie-Lablanche Danican or Daniquen of St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, came to Louisiana by November 1798, when he married Adélaïde, daughter of Acadian Pierre Babin, at Baton Rouge.  A few years later, they were living downriver at St.-Jacques on the Lower Acadian Coast.  François and his family returned to the Baton Rouge area by the early 1810s and settled near St. Gabriel in Iberville Parish.  Their daughters married into the Begas, Bigout, O'Brien, and Richard families.  Only two of his many sons, one of them married to an Acadian, created families of his own.  They settled near St. Gabriel.   

1

Oldest son Jean-Baptiste-François-Philogène, called François, born at St.-Jacques in May 1800, died near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in January 1852.  He was 52 years old and probably did not marry. 

2

Pierre-Terence, called Terence, born at St.-Jacques in August 1802, died "at the home of his Brother-in-law, Trasimond Richard," near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in December 1844.  Terence was 42 years old when he died and probably did not marry. 

3

Jean Baptiste Morgain, born at St.-Jacques in April 1804, probably died young.  

4

Paul Asanarie or Azenore, born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in February 1811, married Marie Elina, daughter of André Conrad and widow of Jean Landry, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in December 1848; Paul was 37 years old.  Their son Paul Étienne Adélard was baptized at the St. Gabriel church, age 11 months, in September 1850, and Léon Francois Lucellus or Lucius was born in September 1851 but died at age 11 months in August 1852.  ...  

5

Étienne Adélard, born near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in January 1815, died at age 7 years, 2 months in March 1832.  

6

Derosin married Estelle, daughter of Acadian Thomas Hébert, at the St. Gabriel church, Iberville Parish, in November 1837.  Their son Anatole Olivier was born near St. Gabriel in February 1841. 

~

More French- and Spanish-Creole families with surnames that resembled Bijeaux/Bujole settled in Louisiana during the antebellum period, many of them in areas where Acadians lived.  A few of them married Acadians: 

François M. Pujol married Éloise Roy and settled in Lafourche Interior Parish by the early 1820s. 

Jean Louis Bigout married Francoise Demoulin.  Their son Jean Louis, fils was born near St.-Gabriel, Iberville Parish, in September 1825. 

Pujoss, probably Hispanic, perhaps Isleños from Galveztown, lived in Ascension and Lafourche parishes.  At least one of them married an Acadian.  Victor Jaubert Pujos married French Creole Élisabeth Phelonise Verret.  Their son Pierre Victor was born in Ascension Parish in December 1833.  Pierre Victor, called Victor, Pujos married Acadian Marie Eugènie Thibodeaux.  Their son Louis Eugène Victor was born in Ascension Parish in June 1857. 

Amédée Pujot, perhaps a descendant of Jean Baptiste, married Clarisse Lebleu and settled in Calcasieu Parish by the late 1840s. 

Pierre Pujol married Marie Abadie.  Their son Antoine married Élisabeth, daughter of Acadian Ambroise Theriot, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in February 1849.  Their son Pierre Ambroise Antoine Ferdinand Alphonse Edgard, called Edgard, was born near Baton Rouge in May 1852 but died at age 2 1/2 in October 1854. 

Paul Pujos married Éloise Minerva and settled in St. Landry Parish by the mid-1850s. 

Joseph Pujol married Clerisa Courvelle at the Abbeville church, Vermilion Parish, in September 1869.  The priest who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names.  However, he did list the names and birthdates of their three children, so they may have married civilly by the early 1860s.  Their son Dulvan was born probably near Abbeville in June 1863, and Antoine in July 1866. 

Jean Pugeot or Pujeau married Acadian Marie Célestine, called Célestine, Trahan in a civil ceremony in St. Martin Parish in August 1863. 

Jean Marie, son of Jean Laurent Pujol and Louise Aubic of France, married Marie Forentine or Florestine, daughter of Acadian Ambroise Theriot of East Baton Rouge Parish, at the Baton Rouge church, East Baton Rouge Parish, in October 1865.  Their son Jean Joseph was born at Baton Rouge in September 1866. 

Pierre, son of Cervin Pujol and Marie Bourepos, married Josephine, daughter of Joseph Tallein or Tailleaux, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in February 1866. 

Irénée or Grenée Pujol, Jean Marie's brother, married Delphine L., daughter of Simon Ousset, at Baton Rouge in August 1866; Delphine's mother was a Broussard.  Their son Romain Jean Émile was born near Baton Rouge in September 1868. 

.

Bijeauxs who lived on the western prairies during the immediate post-war period were the result of the family's participation in the South's peculiar institution:

Marguerite Batiste Bigeot, freedwoman, married Pierre R. Arceneaux, freedman, in a civil ceremony in Lafayette Parish in January 1868.  The parish clerk who recorded the marriage did not give the couple's parents' names. 

CONCLUSION

Two Bugeaud brothers from Pigiguit, Joseph and Étienne, came to Louisiana in 1766 from exile in Maryland and settled along the river above New Orleans on what became the Acadian Coast.  One was married and the other a widower who soon remarried, and they both fathered more children in Louisiana.  After he married, Joseph's older son Augustin crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Attakapas District and created a western branch of the family; his descendants settled in present-day St. Martin and Lafayette parishes and tended to spell their surname Bijeau/Bijeaux.  Joseph's other son and Étienne's sons remained on the river.  During the antebellum period, they settled in Ascension, Iberville, and West Baton Rouge parishes, where they tended to spell their surname Bujol/Bujole.  Interestingly, none of them moved down into the Lafourche/Terrebonne valley, at least not before the War of 1861-65. 

During the late colonial and antebellum periods, non-Acadian families with similar-sounding names--Bigeau, Pujol, Pujos--settled at Pointe Coupée, Baton Rouge, on the Acadian Coast, along Bayou Lafourche, and on the western prairies.  The most prolific of these families was that of Francois-Philogène Pujol of Haiti, who settled near St. Gabriel. 

According to the federal census slave schedules of 1850 and 1860, not a single Bijeaux on the western prairies owned a slave, so this part of the family participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  This was not the case with their cousins along the river.  Most of the Bujoles there, especially in West Baton Rouge and Iberville parishes, held only a hand full of slaves during the late antebellum period.  However, Edmond Bujole of Ascension Parish became a major slave holder.  In 1850, he owned 36 slaves, qualifying him as a planter.  A decade later, he owned more than twice that number--77--which made him a great planter.  

At least two members of the family, one from the eastern branch, the other from the western, served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65.  One of them was major slaveholder Edmond Bujole's son, J. Edmond, who enlisted as a private and was promoted to corporal and sergeant in Company K of the 8th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, a unit raised in Ascension Parish that served gallantly under General R. E. Lee in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.  His regiment fought in many battles and campaigns, so J. Edmond was lucky to have survived the war and returned to his family.  His distant cousin, Achille Bijeau of St. Martin Parish, served probably as a conscript in the Consolidated 18th Regiment and Yellow Jackets Battalion Louisiana Infantry, but, unlike his cousin on the river, he did not compile a distinguished Confederate service record.   

Although the war did not take the life of either of the Bijeaux/Bujoles in gray, it took a terrible toll on their families and on their way of life.  Even before Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect in January 1863, Federal commands controlling the lower Mississippi freed the slaves on every plantation their forces could reach.  This included the Bujole holdings in West Baton Rouge, Iberville, and Ascension parishes; the loss for Edmond Bujole, especially, must have been staggering.  Union gunboats shelled and burned dozens of plantation houses along the river.  Meanwhile, Federal armies marched three times through the Teche and upper Vermilion valleys in 1863 and 1864, burning and pillaging many farms and plantations, some of them no doubt owned by Bijeauxs.  Thanks to these Federal incursions, emancipation came early to the area, with its resulting economic and social turmoil.  Confederate foraging parties and cutthroat Jayhawkers also plagued the area where Bijeauxs lived, adding to the family's misery.  ...

The spelling of this family's name has changed subtly over the decades.  Today, in Louisiana, the family spells its name Bijeau, Bijeaux, Bijou, Bujol, Bujold, and Bujole.  The original spellings in Acadia--Bugeaud, Bugeault, Bugau, Bugaud, Bugault, Bugaut, Bugeau, Bugeot, Bugot, and Bujau--disappeared in Louisiana, where the family name also is spelled Bejeaul, Bicheau, Bigeau, Bigeaud, Bigeaut, Bigeol, Bigeos, Bigiau, Bigost, Bigot, Bigou, Bijeau, Bijeaud, Bijeot, Bijot, Bijoux, Bisaux, Bisou, Bugeauld, Bujeau, Bujeaut, Bujeaux, Bujeux.  [See Book Ten for the Acadian family's Louisiana "begats"]

This family should not be confused with the Pujols, sometimes called Bujol, who were French Creoles and Hispanics, not Acadians. 

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Iberville, & West Baton Rouge parishes; 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Ascension, Iberville, & Lafourche parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1132-33, 1350-64, 1656-57, 2456-57; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 1b, 2, 3, 4, 5(rev.), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B, 2-C, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 156, 217; NOAR, vols. 1, 4, 5, 6, 7; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/5bateaux.htm>, Family Nos. 8, 25, 137; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 146, 179-80, 515-16; White, DGFA-1, 301; White, DGFA-1 English, 67.  

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parenthesis; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Anne BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 01 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1759, probably Oxford, MD; daughter of Joseph BUJOLE & Anne LEBLANC; sister of Augustin, Félicité-Perpétué, Marguerite, & Marie-Madeleine; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, 7 Jul 1763, age 6, called Anne BIGEOS, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 7; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Anne BUJEUX, age 12, with parents, siblings, & uncle Joseph LANDRY; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Anne BUJEAU, age 13, with parents & siblings; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Anne BUJEAUX, age 18, with parents, siblings, & family of  Joseph CONSTANT, brother-in-law; married, age 20, Joseph, fils, son of Joseph LANDRY & Marie-Josèphe BOURG, & widower of Élisabeth/Isabelle LEBLANC, 25 Nov 1779, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; died probably Ascension Parish c1816, age 57
Augustin BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 02 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc, Atk born c1753, probably Pigiguit; son of Joseph BUJOLE & Anne LEBLANC; brother of Anne, Félicité-Perpétué, Marguerite, & Marie-Madeleine; exiled to MD 1755, age 2; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Augustin BIGEOS, with parents & sisters; arrived LA 1766, age 13; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Augustin BUJEUX, age 16, with parents, siblings, & uncle Joseph LANDRY; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Augustin BUJEAU, age 17, with parents & siblings; married, age 21, (1)Anne-Gertrude, called Gertrude, daughter of Joseph LANDRY & Marie-Josèphe BOURG, 7 Feb 1774, St.-Jacques; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Augustin BUJEAUX, age 24, with wife Gertrude age 25, daughter Marie age 3, 5 arpents, 0 slaves, 10 cattle, 2 horses, 0 sheep, 7 swine, 2 arms; moved to Attakapas District; in Attakapas census, 1781, called Augustin BUJEAUX, with 5 unnamed individuals, 19 animals, & 24 arpents; in Attakapas census, 1785, called BUGEOT, with 7 unnamed free individuals, 0 slaves; married, age 48, (2)Félicité, daughter of François SENETIERE & Marie-Anne SAUVAGIN of St.-Charles des Allemands, 8 Jan 1801, Attakapas, now St. Martinville; died "at his home at l'ance de la pointe," St. Martin Parish, 9 Feb 1822, "at age about 75[sic] years," buried next day "in the parish cemetery"
Étienne BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 03 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1724, probably Pigiguit; son of Joseph BUJOLE & Marie-Josèphe LANDRY; brother of Joseph; married, age 26, (1)Brigitte, daughter of Jean-Baptiste CHÊNET & Anne POTIER of Île St.-Jean, c1750; exiled to MD 1755, age 31; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, 7 Jul 1763, called Étienne BIGEOS, with wife Brigitte, sons Mathurin & Pierre, daughters Marie, Magdne., & widow Marie BRESSEAU; arrived LA 1766, age 42; married, age 44, (2)Anne FORET, widow of Pierre BABIN, c1768, New Orleans; in Cabanocé census, 1769, occupying lot number 75 next to brother Joseph, right [west] bank, called Éstienne BUJEAU, age 45, with wife Anne age 40, sons Pierre age 14, Jean age 1, daughters Magdelaine & Marie age 8, stepsons Joseph BABAIN age 14, & Charles BABAIN age 9; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Éstienne BUJEAU, age 46, head of family number 41, with wife Anne age 42, sons Pierre age 14, Jean age 2 1/2, daughters Marie & Madeleine age 9, stepsons Joseph BABIN age 14, & Charles BABIN age 9, 6 arpents between brother Joseph & son Mathurin; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Éstienne BUJEAUX, age 52, head of family number 37, with wife Anne age 48, son Jean age 9, daughters Magdelaine age 16, Marie age 16, stepson Charles BABIN age 17, 12 arpents next to brother Joseph, 4 slaves, 24 cattle, 3 horses, 3 sheep, 18 swine, 2 arms; on list of Lafourche inhabitants who furnished implements for militia service, Sep 1779, called Éstienne BUJEAUX, 1 axe; died [buried] Ascension 7 Oct 1786, age 62
Félicité-Perpétué BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 11 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc, NO born c1755, probably Pigiguit; called Perpétué; daughter of Joseph BUJOLE & Anne LEBLANC; sister of Anne, Augustin, Marguerite, & Marie-Madeleine; exiled to MD 1755, age 1; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Perpetuel BIGEOS, age 8, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 11; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Perpetue BUJEUX, age 14, with parents, siblings, & uncle Joseph LANDRY; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Perpetuie BUJEAU, age 15, with parents & siblings; married, age 18, (1) Paul, son of Nicolas PREVOST & Yse DUBAU, 15 Feb 1773, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; married, age 30, (2)Jean-Louis, son of Bertrand BUQUOY & _____ of New Orleans, 18 Dec 1785, New Orleans
Joseph BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 05 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1723, probably Pigiguit; son of Joseph BUJOLE & Marie-Josèphe LANDRY; brother of Étienne; married, age 27, Anne, daughter of Jean LEBLANC & Jeanne BOURGEOIS, c1750, probably Pigiguit; exiled to MD 1755, age 32; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Joseph BIGEOS, with wife, son Augustin, daughters Margte., Perpétué, & Anne; arrived LA 1766, age 43; in Cabanocé census, 1769, occupying lot number 74 next to brother Éstienne, right [west] bank, called Joseph BUJEUX, age 46, with wife Anne age 36, sons Augustin age 16, Joseph age 3 mos., daughters Margueritte age 18, Perpétué age 14, Anne age 12, Marie age 8[sic], & uncle Joseph LANDRY age 65; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Joseph BUJEAU, age 48, head of family number 40, with wife Anne age 38, sons Augustin age 17, Joseph age 1, daughters Margueritte age 19, Perpétué age 15, Anne age 13, Marie age 5, & 6 arpents next to brother Éstienne; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Joseph BUJEAUX, age 54, head of family number 36, with wife Anne age 44, son Joseph age 8, daughters Anne age 18, Marie age 12, publican & son-in-law Joseph CONSTANT age 38 (with 0 arpents, 2 slaves, 12 cattle, 1 horse, 0 sheep, 11 hogs, 6 arms), daughter Margueritte wife of CONSTANT age 26, grandsons Paul CONSTANT age 6, Augustin CONSTANT age 4, granddaughter Anne CONSTANT age 3, 6 arpents next to brother Éstienne, 1 slave, 18 cattle, 2 horses, 0 sheep, 19 hogs, 1 arm; died [buried] Ascension 14 Feb 1806, age 83
Marguerite BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 07 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc, Asp, Lf born c1751, probably Pigiguit; daughter of Joseph BUJOLE & Anne LEBLANC; sister of Anne, Augustin, Félicité-Perpétué, & Marie-Madeleine; exiled to MD 1755, age 4; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, age 12, called Margte. BIGEOS, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 15; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Margueritte BUJEUX, age 18, with parents, siblings, & uncle Joseph LANDRY; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Margueritte BUJEAU, age 19, with parents & siblings; married, age 19, (1)Joseph, publican, son of Augustin CONSTANT & Jeanne CORT of d'Arbone, bishopric of St.-Étienne, France, 1 Aug 1770, St.-Jacques; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Margueritte BUJEAUX, age 26, with husband Joseph CONSTANT age 38, sons Paul CONSTANT age 6, Augustin CONSTANT age 4, daughter Anne CONSTANT age 3, parents, & siblings; married, age 29, (2)Don Juan, physician & lieutenant of militia, son of Juan VIVES & Francisca PLANETTE of Cario, Reynade, Valencia, Spain, 8 Feb 1780, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Ascension/Valenzuéla census, 1788, right [west] bank, called Margueritte BUJEAUX, age 35, with husband Don Juan VIVES age 31, sons Paulle CONSTANT age 16, Auguste CONSTANT age 13, Antoine VIVES age 7, Landry VIVES age 5, [daughters] Constance CONSTANT age 12, Clarice VIVES age 3, 10 slaves, 9 arpents, 200 qts. corn, 24 horned cattle, 15 horses, 40 swine; in Ascension/Valenzuéla census, 1791, right [west] bank, called Margrithe BIJEAU, age 40, with husband Don Juan VIVES age 35, sons Auguste [CONSTANT] age 18, Antoine [VIVES] age 10, Chevaillier [VIVES] age 2, Pol Augustin [VIVES] age 2, daughters Anne [CONSTANT] age 16, Carmelite [VIVES] age 7, 17 slaves, 10 arpents, 25 qts. rice, 500 qts. corn, 40 horned cattle, 15 horses, 12 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Margarita BIJEAU, age 44, with husband Don Juan VIVES age 39, sons Augusto [CONSTANT] age 23, Antonio [VIVES] age 15, Juan [VIVES] age 7, Pablo [VIVES] age 5, daughters Constancia [CONSTANT] age 21, Carmelita [VIVES] age 12, & Carmelita[sic, VIVES] age 10; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Margueritte BUJEAU, age 46, with husband Don Juan VIVES age 40, sons Auguste [CONSTANT] age 24, Antonio [VIVES] age 16, Juan [VIVES] age 10, Pablo [VIVES] age 6, & daughter Carmelitte [VIVES] age 12, 20 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Margueritte, no surname given, age 46, with husband Don Juan VIVES age 41, sons Auguste [VIVES] age 23, Antonio [VIVES] age 17, Juan [VIVES] age 9, Pablo [VIVES] age 7, & daughter Carmelitte [VIVES] age 14, 13/60 arpents, 26 slaves; died [buried] Ascension 21 Jun 1806, age 55
Marie BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 08 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1761, probably Oxford, MD; daughter of Étienne BUJOLE & his first wife Brigitte CHÊNET; sister of twin Marie-Madeleine, Mathurin, & Pierre; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Marie BIGEOS, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 5; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Marie BUJEUX, age 8, with father, stepmother, 3 full siblings, & 2 stepbrothers; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Marie BUJEAU, age 9, with father, stepmother, 3 full siblings, & 2 stepbrothers; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Marie BUJEAUX, age 16, with parents, 1 full sister, 1 half-brother, & 1 stepbrother; married, age 25, Pierre, son of Joseph BOURG & Marie-Madeleine GRANGER, & widower of Marguerite-Blanche DUGAS, 6 Feb 1786, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; died by October 1789, when her husband remarried at Ascension
Marie-Madeleine BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 06 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1761, probably Oxford, MD; called Madeleine; daughter of Étienne BUJOLE & his first wife Brigitte CHÊNET; sister of twin Marie, Mathurin, & Pierre; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Magdne. BIGEOS, age 2, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 5; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Magdelaine BUJEAU, age 8, with parents, stepmother, 2 full siblings, 1 half brother, & 2 stepbrothers; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Magdelaine BUJEAU, age 9, with father, stepmother, 3 full siblings, & 2 stepbrothers; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Magdelaine BUJEAUX, age 16, with parents, 1 full sister, 1 half-brother, & 1 stepbrother; married, age 20, Firmin, son of Joseph BLANCHARD & Marie-Josèphe LANDRY of St.-Gabriel, 28 May 1781, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; died [buried] Ascension Parish 28 Oct 1813, age 51, a widow
Marie-Madeleine BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 09 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc, Asp, Lf born c1765, probably Oxford, MD; daughter of Joseph BUJOLE & Anne LEBLANC; sister of Anne, Augustin, Félicité-Perpétué, & Marguerite; arrived LA 1766, age 1; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Marie BUJEAU, age 8[sic, probably 4], with parents, siblings, & uncle Joseph LANDRY; in Ascension census, 1770, called Marie BUJEAU, age 5, with parents & siblings; in Ascension census, 1777, right [west] bank, called Marie BUJEAUX, age 12, with parents, siblings, & family of brother-in-law Joseph CONSTANT; married, age 19, Auguste, son of Don Nicolas VERRET, commandant of St.-Jacques/Ascension/Valenzuéla, & Marie CANTRELLE of New Orleans, 15 Feb 1784, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left [east] bank, called Marie BJEAU, age 24[sic], with husband Auguste VERRET age 34, son Marcelin [VERRET] age 4, daughters Clarise [VERRET] age 6, Augustine [VERRET] age 2, Melanie [VERRET] age 1, 6 slaves, 12 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 400 qts. corn, 10 horned cattle, 10 horses, 100 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Marie BIJEAU, age 27[sic], with husband Don Augusto VERRET age 36, sons Marcelino [VERRET] age 9, Balgrante [VERRET] age 3, Marcelo [VERRET] age 1, daughters Clara [VERRET] age 11, Agustina [VERRET] age 7, & Melania [VERRET] age 5, next to brother-in-law Don Luis VERRET; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie BIJEAU, age 24[sic], with husband Auguste VERRET age 40, sons Marcellin [VERRET] age 11, Valgrand [VERRET] age 5, Marsillaire [VERRET] age 3, daughters Clarice [VERRET] age 12, Augustine [VERRET] age 9, Melanie [VERRET] age 6, & Marie [VERRET] age 1, 8 slaves, next to brother-in-law Louis VERRET; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Marie, no surname given, age 34, with husband Auguste VERRET age 44, sons Marcelin [VERRET] age 11, Valgrand [VERRET] age 5, Marsilliere [VERRET] age 3, daughters Clarice [VERRET] age 13, Augustine [VERRET] age 8, Melanie [VERRET] age 6, & Constance [VERRET] age 1, 12/40 arpents, 8 slaves, next to brother-in-law Louis VERRET; died [buried] Assumption Parish 11 Nov 1829, age 64
Mathurin BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 10 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1752, probably Pigiguit; son of Étienne BUJOLE & his first wife Brigitte CHÊNET; brother of twins Marie & Marie-Madeleine, & Pierre; exiled to MD 1755, age 3; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Mathurin BIGEOS, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 14; in Cabanocé census, 1769, occupying lot number 76 next to father Éstienne, right [west] bank, called Mathurain BUJEAU, age 17, listed singly; in Ascension census, 1770, right [west] bank, called Mathurin BUJEAU, age 17, head of "family" number 42, listed singly, with 6 arpents next to father Éstienne
Pierre BIJEAUX/BUJOLE 04 Sep 1766 StJ, Asc born c1755, Pigiguit or MD; son of Étienne BUJOLE & his first wife Brigitte CHÊNET; brother of twins Marie & Marie-Madeleine, & Mathurin; exiled to MD 1755, age 1; in report on Acadians at Oxford, MD, Jul 1763, called Pierre BIGEOS, with parents & siblings; arrived LA 1766, age 11; in Cabanocé census, 1769, right [west] bank, called Pierre BUJEAU, age 14, with father, stepmother, 3 full siblings, & 2 stepbrothers; in Ascension census, 1770, called Pierre BUJEAU, age 14, with father, stepmother, 3 full siblings, & 2 stepbrothers; married, age 21, Osite, daughter of Pierre LANDRY & Geneviève BROUSSARD, 22 Apr 1776, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; died [buried] Ascension 28 Oct 1776, age 21

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Anne BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:167, 429 (ASC-1, 138), her marriage record, calls her Anna BIJEAU, gives her parents' but not her husband's parents names, gives his first wife's name, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Carlos LINCOUR & Jérôme LEBLANC.  

02.  Wall of Names, 14, calls him Augustin BUGEAUD; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2456-57;  BRDR, 2:167, 426 (ASC-1, 126), the record of his first marriage, calls him Augustin BIJEAU (BUJOL), gives his & his wife's parents' names, calls all of the parents Acadians, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Anselm BELLILE & Joseph CONSTANT; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, 2-B:83 (SM Ch.: v.4, #1498), his death/burial record, calls him Auguste BIJEAU, says he died "at age about 75 years at his home at l'ance de la pointe," that he was buried next day "in the parish cemetery," but does not give his parents' names or mention a wife.  See also Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 156; De Ville, Southwest LA Families, 1785, 10.

De Ville, cited above, has the name PUJOT in brackets next to BUGEOT.  There was a PUJO family at Attakapas at this time, that of Jean-Baptiste PUJO--see Hebert, D., Southwest LA Records, 1-A:653--but BUGEOT is as likely to be BUJOLE as PUJO here.  

03.  Wall of Names, 14, calls him Étienne BUGEAUD; Arsenault, Généalogie, 2456, 1351; Bourgeois, Cabanocey, 171, &Voorhies, J., Some Late Eighteenth-Century Louisianians, 425, the record of his second marriage, calls him Étienne BUJOLE/BUJOLS, calls his wife Margueritte FORREST, & says they were married in New Orleans but gives no marriage date; BRDR, 2:167 (ASC-1, 199d), his death/burial record, calls him Estevan BUJOL, but does not give his parents' names, mention a wife, or give his age at the time of his death.  See also Jehn, Acadian Exiles in the Colonies, 156; Bourgeois, Cabanocey, 175; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 4, 13. 

Wall of Names, 10, calls his second wife Anne FORET the widow of Pierre BABIN, which she was when she reached LA, but does not list her with Étienne, who is listed without a wife on p. 14.  Arsenault, p. 2456, says Étienne & Anne were married in c1757, so, if Arsenault's marriage date is correct, she should have been listed with Étienne when she came to LA.  Arsenault is wrong, however, because Anne's son Charles by her first husband was born in c1760, & Étienne's twin daughters by his first wife, Brigitte CHENET, were born in c1761, which makes the marriage date to Anne--c1757--absurd.  On top of that, Étienne was at Oxford, MD, in Jul 1763 with "Brigitte his wife."  See Jehn, cited above. Moreover, Étienne & Anne's son Jean was not born until 1768, 11 years after Arsenault says that they were married.  See BRDR, 2b:21 (PCP-4, 37).  Their marriage is not found in BRDR, vol. 2, nor NOAR, vol. 2, but is listed in Bourgeois, p. 171, & Voorhies, J., cited above, as having taken place in New Orleans in c1768.  Why does this record call her Marguerite FORREST?  Was Marguerite her first name?  She is called Anne everywhere else.  See the Cabanocé/Ascension censuses of 1769, 1770, & 1777.  

04.  Wall of Names, 14, calls him Pierre BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:169, 445 (ASC-1, 133), his marriage record, calls him Pierre BIJEAU, gives his & his wife's parents' names, spells his mother's surname CHAINE, says his parents were Acadians, & that the witnesses to his marriage were Pierre LANDRY & Jean-Baptiste GRANGE; BRDR, 2:169, his death/burial record, calls him Pierre BUJOL, husband of Osita LANDRY.

05.  Wall of Names, 14, calls him Joseph BUGEAUD.

06.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Madeleine BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:94, 168 (ASC-1, 142), her marriage record, calls her Marie Magdalena BIJEAUD, gives her & her husband's parents' names, says all of the parents were from Acadia, & that the witnesses to her marriage were Anselmo BLANCHARD, Abraham LANDRY, & Josef BIJEAUD; BRDR, 3:182 (ASC-4, 118; ASC-5, 388), her death/burial record, calls her Magdelaine & Magdeleine BUJOL, "age about 51 yrs., wid. Firmin BLANCHARD," but does not give her parents' names.  

Her mother's name is in Arsenault, Généalogie, 2425, 2456-57.

Was she sister Marie's twin?

07.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Marguerite BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:168, 202 (SJA-1, 43), the record of her first marriage, calls her Margueritte BUJOL, says her husband was from d'Arbone, Bishopric of St.-Étienne, "dependance of Languedoc," gives her & his parents' names, calls her parents Acadians, & says the witnesses to her marriage were MAUREL, Jérôme illegible, & Antoine STOURNELLE; BRDR, 2:168, 722 (ASC-1, 139), the record of her second marriage, calls her Margarita BIJEAUD, widow of Joseph CONSTANT, calls her husband "Lieut. of the Militia," gives her & his parents' names, says his parents were from Cario, Reynade, Valencia, Spain, & that the witnesses to her marriage were Antonio MAXENT, Commandant of Valenzuela, & Geronimo LEBLANC; BRDR, 3:182 (ASC-4, 118), her death/burial record, calls her Marguerite BUJOL, spouse Juan VIVEZ, but does not give her parents' names or her age when she died.  See also Din, Canary Islanders of LA, 69.

08.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Marie BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:127, 168 (ASC-1, 163), her marriage record, calls her Maria BIGOU (BUJOL), gives her & her husband's parents' names, & says the witness to her marriage was Pierre BOURQUE.  

Was she sister Marie-Madeleine's twin?

Interestingly, Pierre's mother's first husband was Alain BUGEAUD of Île St.-Pierre, first cousin of his wife's father.  But Pierre & Marie were not related by blood.  On the same day & at the same place, Marie's younger half-brother Jean married Pierre BOURQUE's sister, also named Marie. 

09.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Marie BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:168, 715 (ASC-1, 155), her marriage record, calls her Maria Magdalena BIJEAUD (BUJOL), gives her & her husband's parents' names, says his parents were from New Orleans, & that the witnesses to her marriage were Nicolas VERRET [the groom's father & commandant of St.-Jacques/Ascension], Josef LANDRY, & Estevan BIJEAUD [probably her uncle]; BRDR, 4:108 (ASM-3, 215), her death/burial record, calls her Marie BUJOL, "age 64 yrs., wife of Auguste VERRETE," & gives her parents' names.

10.  Wall of Names, 14, calls him Mathurin BUGEAUD.

11.  Wall of Names, 14, calls her Perpétué BUGEAUD; BRDR, 2:168-69,  (ASC-1, 123), the record of her first marriage, calls her Perpétué BUJOL, gives her & her husband's parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Louis JUDICE, Jr. & Michael JUDICE; NOAR, 4:30, 42 (SLC, M5, 43), the record of her second marriage, calls her Félicité-Perpétué BIJOT, "widow of Pablo PR[*]," gives his father's name but not her parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Vicente LLORCA & Josef MARTINEZ.  

The birth/baptismal records of son Onoroto & Marguerite-Constance BUQUOI, dated 14 Oct 1793 & 15 Mar 1795, in NOAR, 52-53 (SLC, B11, 281; SLC, B11, 356), say she & her parents were "natives of St. Louis Parish in Acadia."  The editors of the New Orleans Archdiocesan Records speculate that this might have been Louisbourg on Île Royale, today's Cape Breton Island.  Her likely birthplace, based on her age at the time she reached LA in 1766, was probably Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption, called L'Assomption, Pigiguit, in the Minas Basin.  There was a St.-Louis Parish at Pointe-de-Beauséjour & another at Rivière-du-Nord-Est on Île St.-Jean, but Joseph BUGEAUD & Anne LEBLANC were from Pigiguit, not Chignecto or Île St.-Jean.  Some of Joseph's brothers did live on Île St.-Jean, however, so perhaps he & his family also lived there for a time before returning to the Minas Basin.  

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