APPENDICES

Acadians Who Found Refuge in Louisiana, February 1764-early 1800s

ARCEMENT

[AR-seh-monh]

ACADIA

Pierre-Claude Arcement, Arcemont, or Hersmence, born probably in France in c1694, married Marie-Josèphe, daughter of Pierre Thériot and Marie Bourg, in c1722 and settled at L'Assomption, Pigiguit, in the Minas Basin.  They had eight children, including four sons, one of whom was a twin to one of his sisters.  By 1750, Pierre-Claude and his family had moved to Île St.-Jean, today's Prince Edward Island.  In August 1752, a French official, calling Pierre-Claude a Herrement, "native of l'Acadie," which he was not, counted him, his wife, and three of their younger children at Grande-Anse on the south shore of the island.  Pierre-Claude's daughters married into the Guillot, LePrince, and Pitre families.  Three of his sons, all born probably at Pigiguit, created families of their own:  

Oldest son Jean, born at L'Assomption in c1725, married Marie-Josèphe Doiron.  He fathered at least three children, including a son, Alexis. 

Claude, born at L'Assomption in c1726, married Angélique Doiron in the 1740s.   She gave him at least three children:  Susanne-Angélique, born in c1747; Théotiste-Hélène in c1749; and Firmin in c1750.  A French official counted them at Pointe-Prime, Île St.-Jean, in August 1752. 

Pierre, born at L'Assomption in c1733, married Marie, daughter of Jean Hébert and Madeleine Doiron, probably on Île St.-Jean in the mid-1750s.

Youngest son François, twin of sister Marie-Josèphe, born at L'Assomption in c1735, was counted with his family at Grande-Anse, Île St.-Jean, in 1752, age 17.  One wonders if he created a family of his own. 

[For more of this family in pre-dispersal Acadia, see Book Three]

LE GRAND DÉRANGEMENT

[For the family's travails during the Great Upheaval, see Book Six]

LOUISIANA:  LAFOURCHE VALLEY SETTLEMENTS

Pierre Arcement, now age 52, his wife Marie Hébert, age 50, and seven of their children--Marie-Josèphe, age 22, Tranquille-François, age 20, Victoire-Hélène, age 18, Pérrine-Madeleine, age 14, Guillaume-Romain, age 13, Julie-Céleste, age 12, and Françoise, age 9--crossed from St.-Malo aboard La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships, and reached New Orleans in December 1785.  Most of their fellow passengers went to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores, north of Baton Rouge, but not the Arcements.  With a hand full of other families from their ship, they chose to settle on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Pierre and Marie had no more children in Louisiana, but all of their sons and daughters who came with them from France created families of their own.  Marie died by January 1788, when the census taker at Valenzuéla listed Pierre without a wife.  Their daughters married into the Aucoin, Dugas, Gautreaux, Naquin, Richard, and Thibodeaux families and, like their father and brothers, settled on upper Bayou Lafourche.

Françoise Arcement, wife of Pierre Marie Dugas, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1833.  She was 58 years old. 

Marie Josèphe Arcement, wife of Joseph Naquin, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in May 1838.  She was 76 years old. 

Victoire Hélène Arcement, wife of Louis Jean Aucoin, died in Assumption Parish in July 1842.  She was 74 years old. 

Pérrine Madeleine Arcement, widow of Jean Charles Richard and wife of Joseph Marie Thibodeaux, died in either Lafourche Interior or Terrebonne Parish in January 1846.  She was 75 years old.  Her succession record was filed at the Houma courthouse, Terrebonne Parish, the following April. 

Descendants of Tranquille-François ARCEMENT (1766-1829; Pierre-Claude)

Tranquille-François, older surviving son of Pierre Arcement and Marie Hébert, was born at St.-Suliac, France, near St.-Malo, in June 1766.  He came to Louisiana from France probably with his parents and siblings and followed them to Lafourche.  He married Anne-Marguerite, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean-Baptiste Rassicot dit Ratier and Marie-Henriette Pothier, at St.-Jacques on the river in July 1788.  Anne-Marguerite had come to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships.  They settled near Tranquille's father and siblings on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Their daughters married into the Bellanger, Bergeron, Brunet, Foret, and Honoré families.  Tranquille died in Lafourche Interior Parish in December 1829; the priest who recorded his burial said that Tranquille was 66 years old when he died, but he was 63.  Half of his four sons created families of their own and settled in Lafourche and Terrebonne parishes.  

1

Oldest son François-Louis, born at Ascension in May 1791, may have died young.  

2

Louis, baptized at Assumption in June 1797, married Anne Rosalie, Rosaline or Rose, daughter of fellow Acadians Joseph Robichaux and Anne Prejean, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in June 1820.  Their son Louis Michel was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1821, Prosper Pierre in March 1824, Joseph Nicolas, called Nicolas, in February 1826, Pierre in May 1830, and Louis Cletus, called Cletus, in December 1837.  Their daughters married into the Duplantis and Guidry families.  Louis died in Terrebonne Parish in November 1843; he was only 46 years old.  

2a

Louis Michel, residing in Terrebonne Parish, married cousin Modeste, daughter of fellow Acadian Jean Baptiste Robichaux and Marie Madeleine Breaux of Terrebonne Parish, at the Thibodeaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in July 1845.  Their son Louis Dalpheres was born probably in Terrebonne Parish in December 1849, and Jean Onesi in August 1852.  In October 1850, the federal census taker in Terrebonne Parish counted a single slave--a black 15-year-old male--on Louis Arcement's farm; this was Louis Michel.  Louis Michel remarried to Adeline, daughter of Alexis Aucoin, at the Montegut church, Terrebonne Parish, in July 1868; Louis Michel was 46 years old at the time of the wedding. 

2b

Prosper married Elzelina, Eveline, or Ezelina, 19-year-old daughter of  fellow Acadian Eléonore Crochet and his Creole wife Célise Pichoff, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in March 1851. 

2c

Cletus married Malvina, daughter of fellow Acadian Lucien Savoie and his Creole wife Marceline Chauvin of Lafourche Parish, at the Houma church, Terrebonne Parish, in November 1859.  Cletus died in Terrebonne Parish in October 1863; he was only 25 years old.  One wonders if his death was war-related.  He and Malvina had a daughter but no sons. 

2d

Pierre may have married Geneviève Dauphin and settled near Franklin, St. Mary Parish, in the lower Teche valley, by the mid-1860s.  

3

Nicolas, born at Assumption in March 1802, married Rosalie, 20-year-old daughter of fellow Acadians Jean Pitre and Marie Anne Bourg, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1834.  Their son Nicolas Ovile, called Ovile, was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1835, Marcellin Austin in September 1836, Joseph Wilfrid in October 1840, Charles in March 1843, Louis Félix in September 1845, and Victor Olésime in October 1848.  Their daughter married into the Robichaux family.  Nicolas died in Lafourche Interior Parish in January 1862; the priest who recorded the burial said that Nicolas died "at age 62 yrs.," but he was "only" 59.  

3a

Joseph Wilfrid died in Lafourche Parish in February 1859.  He was only 18 years old and probably did not marry.  

3b

Ovile married Azema, daughter of fellow Acadians Augustin Blanchard and Marcelline Robichaux, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in October 1860.  They settled near Raceland.  Their son Joseph Augustin was born in July 1861, Paul Orestil in July 1864, and Joseph Oscar in January 1867.  

3c

Marcellin married Pauline, daughter of Spanish Creole Auguste Sanchez and his Acadian wife Adèle Guillot, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Parish, in February 1863.  Their son Joseph Albert was born near Raceland in October 1865.  

4

Youngest son Auguste Martial, born in Assumption Parish in June 1810, probably died young.  

Descendants of Guillaume-Romain ARCEMENT (1772-1850; Pierre-Claude)

Guillaume-Romain, younger surviving son of Pierre Arcement and Marie Hébert, was born at St.-Suliac, France, near St.-Malo in January 1772.  He came to Louisiana with his parents and siblings aboard La Ville d'Archangel, the sixth of the Seven Ships from France, in 1785, and followed them to upper Bayou Lafourche, where he worked probably as an engagé with several Acadian families.  Finally, at age 31, he married Marianne, daughter of French Creole Francois Aysenne and Maria Thérèse Smith of St.-Charles des Allemands, at Assumption in February 1803.  Their daughters married into the Boudreaux and Juneau families.  Guillaume died probably in Assumption Parish in July 1850; the Thibodeaux priest who recorded his burial said that Guillaume was 73 years old when he died, but he was 78.  He fathered at least nine sons, but only four of them had sons of their own.  His oldest son, in fact, fathered 10 sons, two of whom survived hard service in the War Between the States.  Guillaume's descendants settled up and down the Lafourche valley, from Assumption Parish south to Lafourche Parish.  Three days after Guillaume's death, in late July 1850, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 5 slaves--2 males and 3 females, all black except for a single mulatto, ranging in age from 30 years to 1 month--on Guillaume Arceman's farm in the Second Congressional District of the parish.  

1

Oldest son François Guillaume, born at Ascension in September 1806, married Marie Céleste, daughter of Hyacinthe Laurent Aucoin and Marie Céleste Delond and widow of Joseph Richard, at the Thibodauxville church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in January 1835.  They lived near the boundary between Lafourche Interior and Assumption parishes.  Their son Théophile Hubert was born in October 1835, Pierre Aristide in February 1837, Joseph Auguste in c1838 but died at age 9 in October 1847, Louis was born in c1840 but died at age 7 in October 1847, Jules Alexandre was born in January 1843, Alfred Félicien in December 1844, Ikiler Oleus in January 1847, Augustin Wilfrid in May 1849, Auguste Osémé in December 1852, and Leonie Numa in February 1857.  

1a

Théophile married Emilia, daughter of fellow Acadian Louis Richard and Marie Thibodeaux, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in May 1858.  During the War of 1861-65, Théophile was conscripted into Company C of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery, which was composed of many Lafourche valley conscripts, including his uncle Joachim Arcement, and fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Théophile, along with his unit, was captured at Vicksburg in July 1863, refused parole, and spent the rest of the war in Camp Morton, a prisoner-of-war camp near Indianapolis, Indiana.  Unlike his uncle, Joachim, who was shot to death by a Yankee sentinel at Camp Morton, Théophile survived the ordeal and returned to his family.  

1b

During the War of 1861-65, Jules served in Company C, 26th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, raised in Assumption Parish, which fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Jules married Marie, daughter of fellow Acadian Pierre Marcellin Gautreaux and Pauline Aucoin, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in April 1864, while he was waiting to be exchanged.  Their son Joseph Désiré was born near Labadieville in July 1868. 

1c

Alfred married Letitia, daughter of fellow Acadian Auguste LeBlanc and his Creole wife Adèle Peltier, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, in January 1867. 

2

Pierre Séraphin, born in Ascension Parish in July 1808, married Rosalie Césaire, called Césaire, daughter of Augustin Lagrange and Rosalie Mayer, at the Thibodaux church, Lafourche Interior Parish, in May 1838.  They lived near the boundary between Lafourche Interior and Assumption parishes.  Their son Séraphin was born in c1841 but died at age 14 in May or July 1853.  Their daughters married into the Boudreaux, Hébert, and Martin (French Creole, not Acadian) families.  Pierre Séraphin died probably in August 1849; he was only 41 years old.  In July 1850, not quite a year after Pierre's death, the federal census taker in Assumption Parish counted 3 slaves--a 40-year-old female, a 7-year-old female, and a 3-year-old male, all black--on Widow Pierre Arseman's farm in the parish's Second Congressional District.  

3

Joseph, born in Assumption Parish in August 1816, probably died young.

4

Valsin Théodule, born in Assumption Parish in January 1818, died in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1848.  He was only 29 years old and probably did not marry.  

5

Étienne Joseph, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in September 1820, probably died young.  

6

Onésiphore Antoine Basile, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in February 1823, died at age 2 in November 1824.  

7

Jean Baptiste Ulysse, called Baptiste, born in Lafourche Interior Parish in October 1824, married Sarah Jane or Jeanne, daughter of Olibbe Bone, Borne, Borns, Burns, Burs, or Van and Marie Romer, at the Labadieville church, Assumption Parish, October 1856.  They settled near Attakapas Canal, east of Lake Verret.  Their son Auguste Lesta was born in July 1858, Henry Cleber in December 1859, Pierre Léony Jean Baptiste in September 1863, Joseph William in December 1866, and twins Jean Baptiste Vinson and Joseph Nicholls in February 1870. 

8

Joachim Auguste or Augustin, born in Assumption Parish in June 1826, married Elena, daughter of Ursin Oncal or Oncale and Euphemie Maillet, at the Plattenville church, Assumption Parish, in August 1863; Auguste was 37 years old at the time of the wedding.  A few months before his marriage, Auguste, a private in the Lafourche Parish Regiment Militia, fought in the Battle of Labadieville, Assumption Parish, not far from his home, fell into Federal hands in November 1862, and was released on a parole of honor.  His son Mertil Predeau was born near Labadieville in April 1865, Guillaume Romain in April 1867, and Joseph Nicholls Cléome in April 1869.  

9

Youngest son Joachim Narcisse was born in Lafourche Interior Parish in July 1830.  During the War of 1861-65, Joachim was conscripted into Company C of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery, which was composed of many Lafourche valley conscripts, including his nephew Théophile Arcement.  The regiment fought at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Joachim, along with his unit, was captured at Vicksburg in July 1863, refused parole, and was sent, along with nephew Théophile, to Camp Morton, a prisoner-of-war camp near Indianapolis, Indiana.  In January 1864, a Yankee sentinel shot and killed Joachim.  He was 33 years old and probably still a bachelor.  

CONCLUSION

Arcements settled fairly early in Acadia, at Port-Royal and Cobeguit, and ended up on Île St.-Jean on the eve of Le Grand Dérangement.  As a result, they were one of those Acadian families who endured a quarter of a century of neglect in the mother country before choosing to settle in Louisiana.  Pierre Arcement of Île St.-Jean and his wife Marie Hébert brought two sons and five daughters to the colony on the sixth of the Seven Ships from France in 1785.  They did not follow the majority of the passengers from their ship to the new Acadian community of Bayou des Écores but chose to settle on upper Bayou Lafourche.  Both of Pierre Arsements sons created families of their own.  Descendants of the older son, Tranquille-François, settled in what became Lafourche and Terrebonne parishes.  Descendants of the younger son, Guillaume-Romain, remained in Assumption Parish or moved down bayou into Lafourche.  

During the late antebellum period, only a few Arcements owned slaves.  Guillaume Romain, now in his 80s, owned five slaves in July 1850 on the eve of his death.  Federal census takers counted no slaves on Arcement farms in 1860.  The family, then, participated only peripherally in the South's antebellum plantation economy.  

At least four descendants of Pierre Arcement served Louisiana in uniform during the War of 1861-65.  One of them, Joachim Arsement, a conscript from Lafourche Parish, was captured at Vicksburg in July 1863, refused parole, and was shot to death by a Yankee guard at Camp Morton, a prisoner of war camp in Indiana, the following January.  His three kinsmen, only one of them a volunteer, survived the conflict.  

The war was just as tragic for the Arcements who stayed at home.  Successive Federal incursions devastated the Lafourche valley early in the war, and Confederate foragers plagued the area when the Federals were not around.  

After the war, the Arcements of the Lafourche and Terrebonne valleys had to endure as best they could a free-labor postwar Southern economy.  One family moved to lower Bayou Teche and settled in St. Mary Parish, but the rest of them remained in Lafourche and Terrebonne parishes. ... 

In Louisiana, the family's name also is spelled Arceman, Arcemant, Arcemand, Arcemont, Archemant, Arsman, Arseman, Arsemans, Arsement, Arsemon, Hersemence, and should not be confused with the more numerous Arceneauxs.  [See Book Ten for the family's Louisiana "begats"]

Sources:  1850 U.S. Federal Census, Slave Schedules, Assumption & Terrebonne parishes; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1319; BRDR, vols. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; De La Roque, "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives 1905, 2A:114, 122; Hébert, D., South LA Records, vols. 1, 2, 3, 4; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vol. 7; <islandregister.com/1752.html>; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Supply.htm>, Family Nos. 10, 12; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, 655-56; Robichaux, Acadians in Nantes, 140; White, DGFA-1, 525.

Settlement Abbreviations 
(present-day civil parishes that existed in 1861 are in parentheses; hyperlinks on the abbreviations take you to brief histories of each settlement):

Asc

Ascension

Lf

Lafourche (Lafourche, Terrebonne)

PCP

Pointe Coupée

Asp

Assumption

Natc

Natchitoches (Natchitoches)

SB San Bernardo (St. Bernard)

Atk

Attakapas (St. Martin, St. Mary, Lafayette, Vermilion)

Natz

San Luìs de Natchez (Concordia)

StG

St.-Gabriel d'Iberville (Iberville)

BdE

Bayou des Écores (East Baton Rouge, West Feliciana)

NO

New Orleans (Orleans)

StJ

St.-Jacques de Cabanocé (St. James)

BR

Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge)

Op

Opelousas (St. Landry, Calcasieu)

For a chronology of Acadian Arrivals in Louisiana, 1764-early 1800s, see Appendix.

The hyperlink attached to an individual's name is connected to a list of Acadian immigrants for a particular settlement and provides a different perspective on the refugee's place in family and community. 

Name Arrived Settled Profile
Françoise ARCEMENT 01 Dec 1785 Asp, Lf born c1776, France; daughter of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Guillaume-Romain, Julie-Céleste, Marie-Josèphe, Perrine-Madeleine, Tranquille-François, & Victoire-Hélène; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 9; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Françoise, age 11, with widowed father & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called François, his daughter, age 15, with widowed father & siblings; married, age 18, Jean-Pierre-Marie, called Pierre, son of Marin DUGAS & Françoise BOUDREAUX, 12 May 1794, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Francisca, age 19, with husband & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Françoise, no surname given, age 20, with husband & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, age 23, called Françoise, no surname given, with husband & 1 son; died Lafourche Interior Parish 16 May 1833, age 58
Guillaume-Romain ARCEMENT 02 Dec 1785 Asp, Lf born 6 Jan 1772, baptized next day, St.-Suliac, France; son of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; brother of Françoise, Julie-Céleste, Marie-Josèphe, Perrine-Madeleine, Tranquille-Francois, & Victoire-Hélène; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 13; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, age 15, with widowed father & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Jeomine, age 18, with widowed father & sisters, & left [east] bank, called Guillaume, age 18, with brother-in-law Jean-Charles RICHARDE & sister Périne; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Guillermo ARSEMENT, age 22, [engagé?] with family of Francisco BENOIT; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Guillaume ARSEMEN, single, age 23[sic], with Frederic HACHÉ, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Guillaume ARCEMENT, age 25, [engagé?] with family of Jérôme GUÉRIN, 5/40 arpents, 0 slaves; married, age 31, Marianne, daughter of François AYSENNE & Marie-Thérèse SMITH of St.-Charles des Allemands, 14 Feb 1803, Assumption, now Plattenville; died Lafourche Interior Parish 23 Jul 1850, age 73[sic] #
Julie-Céleste ARCEMENT 03 Dec 1785 Asp born c1773, France; daughter of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Francoise, Guillaume-Romain, Marie-Josèphe, Perrine-Madeleine, Tranquille-François, & Victoire-Hélène sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 12; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Julie ARSEMENT, age 13, with widowed father & siblings; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Julie ARSMAN, age 17, with widowed father & siblings; married, age 21, Pierre-Olivier, son of Joseph GAUTREAUX & his second wife Anne PITRE, 11 Jun 1794, Assumption, now Plattenville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Julia ARSEMENT, age 22, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Julie ARSEMENT, age 23, with husband & no children; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Céleste, no surname given, age 24, with husband & 1 son
Marie-Josèphe ARCEMENT 04 Dec 1785 Asp, Lf born & baptized 24 Oct 1762, St.-Suliac, France; daughter of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Françoise, Guillaume-Romain, Julie-Céleste, Perrine-Madeleine, Tranquille-François, & Victoire-Hélène; at St.-Suliac 1762-72; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 22; moved to Lafourche valley; married, age 24, Joseph, son Ambroise NAQUIN & Élisabeth BOURG, 17 Apr 1787, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, right bank, called Marie-Josèph ARSEMAN, age 28, with husband, 1 son, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Maria Josèfa ARSEMENT, age 33, with husband, 1 son, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Marie ARCEMENT, age 34, with husband, 1 son, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called  Marie, no surname given, age 35, with husband, 2 sons, & 1 daughter; died Lafourche Interior Parish 25 Jul 1838, age 76
Perrine-Madeleine ARCEMENT 05 Dec 1785 Asp, Lf born & baptized 12 May 1770, St.-Suliac, France; daughter of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Françoise, Guillaume-Romain, Julie-Céleste, Marie-Josèphe, Tranquille-Francois, & Victoire-Hélène; at St.-Suliac 1770-72; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 16; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Périnne, age 17, with widowed father & siblings; married, age 18, (1)Jean-Charles, son of Joseph RICHARD & Marguerite LEBLANC, 7 Sep 1789, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Périne ARSEMAN, age 20, with husband, 1 daughter & brother Guillaume; married, age 24, (2)Joseph-Marie, son of Blaise THIBODEAUX & Catherine DAIGLE, 7 Jan 1795, Assumption, now Plattenville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Périna ARSEMENT, age 25, with husband, no children, & brother-in-law Francisco TIBODAUX; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Périne ARSEMEN, age 24[sic], with husband, no children, & brother-in-law François THIBODOT; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Périnne, no surname given, age 27, with husband & 1 son; died Lafourche Interior Parish 10 Jan 1846, age 75; succession record dated 22 Apr 1846, Terrebonne Parish courthouse
Pierre ARCEMENT 06 Dec 1785 Asp born c1733, probably L'Assomption, Pigiguit; son of Pierre-Claude ARSEMENT & Marie-Josèphe THÉRIOT; moved to Île St.-Jean c1750; at Grand-Anse, Île St.-Jean, Aug 1752, age 21[sic], with parents & siblings; married, age 24, Marie, daughter of Jean HÉBERT & Madeleine DOIRON, c1757, probably Île St.-Jean; deported from Île St.-Jean to St.-Malo, France, aboard Supply 25 Nov 1758, arrived St.-Malo 9 Mar 1759, called Pierre ARSEMAN, age 26; at St.-Suliac, France, 1759-72; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 52, head of family, no occupation listed; received from Spanish on arrival 1 each of axe, hatchet, knife, large knife, 2 hoes, 4 shovels; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Pierre ARSEMENT, age 54, no wife listed so probably a widower, with sons Tranquille age 22, Guillaume age 15, daughters Victoire age 19, Perinne age 17, Julie age 13, Françoise age 11, 6 arpents, 40 qts. corn, 2 horned cattle, 2 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Pierre ARSEMAN, age 57, no wife listed, with son Jeomine age 18, daughters Julie age 17, François[sic] age 15, 0 slaves, 7 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 100 qts. corn, 4 horned cattle, 0 horses, 30 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Pierre ARSEMENT, age 63, listed singly, 0 slaves, next to son-in-law Pierre GAUTREAUT
*Tranquille-François ARCEMENT 07 1785 Asp, StJ born 9 Jun 1766, baptized next day, St.-Suliac, France; son of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; brother of Françoise, Guillaume-Romain, Julie-Céleste, Marie-Josèphe, Perrine-Madeleine, & Victoire-Hélène; at St.-Suliac 1766-72; sailed to LA probably 1785, age 20; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Tranquille, age 22, with widowed father & siblings; married, age 23, Anne-Marguerite, daughter of Jean-Baptiste RASSICOT dit Ratier & Marie-Henriette POTIER of Île St.-Jean & Charbon, France, 13 Jul 1788, St.-Jacques; in Valenzuéla census, 1791, left bank, called Tranquil ARSEMAN, age 25, with wife Anne age 22, daughter Marie age 1, cousin Joseph BOUDEREAU age 33, 0 slaves, 6 arpents, 0 qts. rice, 40 qts. corn, 1 horned cattle, 0 horses, 9 swine; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Tranquilo ARSEMENT, age 30, with wife Ana age 27, daughters Maria age 6, & Anrrieta age 2; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, called Tranquille ARSEMENT, age 31, with wife Anne age 23, daughters Marie age 7, & Henriette age 3, 0 slaves; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Tranquille ARCEMENT, age 32, with wife Anne age 29, son Louis age 1, daughters Marie age 8, & Henriette age 4, 3/40 arpents, 0 slaves
Victoire-Hélène ARCEMENT 08 Dec 1785 Asp born & baptized 4 Mar 1768, St.-Suliac, France; daughter of Pierre ARCEMENT & Marie HÉBERT; sister of Françoise, Guillaume-Romain, Julie-Céleste, Marie-Josèphe, Perrine-Madeleine, & Tranquille-Francois; at St.-Suliac 1768-72; sailed to LA on La Ville d'Archangel, age 18; moved to Lafourche valley; in Valenzuéla census, 1788, left bank, called Victoire, age 19, with widowed father & siblings; married, age 22, Louis-Jean, son of Antoine AUCOIN & Françoise HÉBERT, 11 Aug 1789, Ascension, now Donaldsonville; in Valenzuéla census, 1795, called Victoria, age 28, with husband, 2 sons, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1797, age 29, with husband, 2 sons, & 1 daughter; in Valenzuéla census, 1798, called Victoire, no surname given, age 30, with husband & 4 sons; died Assumption Parish 25 Jul 1842, buried next day, age 74

NOTES

01.  Wall of Names, 46, calls her Françoise ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls her Francoise ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fille, Francoise ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] daughter; BRDR, 2:23-24, 260, her marriage record, calls her Françoise ARSEMENT [but places he with the ARCENEAUXs], says her mother's name was Marguerrite (Maria), his parents were from St. Malo, & that the witnesses to her marriage were Pedro LANDRY, Ambroise Maturaint HEBERT, & Pierre Olivier GAUTROS [soon-to-be her brother-in-law]; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:11 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, #516), her death/burial record, calls her Françoise Rose ARSEMENT, gives her parents' names, calls her mother Marie Joseph HÉBERT, does not mention a husband, & says that she was 58 years old when she died.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 54, 82, 119, 177.

02.  Wall of Names, 46, calls him Guillaume ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls him Guillaume ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fils, Guillaume ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] son; BRDR, 2:31, 41 (ASM-2, 81), his marriage record, calls him Guillermo ARSEMENT of St. Suliac, Diocese of St. Malo, France, calls his wife Mariana AYSSENE of St. Charles Parish, gives his & her parents' names, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Santiago HENNRY & Ambroise HÉBERT; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 2:8 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, #665), his death/burial record, calls him Guillaume ARSEMENT m. Marianne HYGENE, does not give his parents' names, & says he died "at age 73 yrs."  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 52, 78, 135, 177.

Despite what his burial record says, he was 77 years old when he died.  He also was one of the last of the Acadian immigrants in LA to join our ancestors.

03.  Wall of Names, 46, calls her Julie ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls her Julie ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fille, Julie ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] daughter; BRDR, 2:31, 321 (ASM-2, 8), her marriage record, calls her Julia ARSEMENT, calls her husband Pedro-Olivier GAUTRAUX, gives her & his parents' names, says all parents were "of Acadia," & that the witnesses to her marriage were Pedro LANDRY & Enrrique ROBICHAUX.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 55, 83, 116, 177. 

For her middle name, see her son Pierre-Olivier GAUTREAUX's baptismal record, dated 2 Oct 1796, in BRDR, 2:320-21 (ASM-1, 75).  

04.  Wall of Names, 46, calls her Marie ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls her Marie ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fille, Marie ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] daughter; BRDR, 2:26, 563, her marriage record, calls her Marie ARSENAU, does not give the names of either set of parents, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Joseph HÉBERT, Ambroise GARIDET, & Joseph TÉRRIOT; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 1:12 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, #822), her death/burial record, calls her Marie Joseph ARSEMENT, gives her parents' & her husband names, says he was deceased, & that she was 76 years old when she died.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 54, 82, 119, 161. 

05.  Wall of Names, 46, calls her Périne ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls her Périne ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fille, Périne ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] daughter; BRDR, 2:31, 623 (ASC-2, 22 & 23), the record of her first marriage, calls her Pérrina ARSEMENT, gives her & her husband's parents' names, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Pedro ARSEMENT [her father] & Basil RICHARD; BRDR, 2:31, 695 (ASM-2, 12), the record of her second marriage, calls her Perina ARSEMENT, widow of Juan Carlos RICHARD, gives her & her husband's parents' names, says all of the parents were from Acadia, but gives no witnesses to her marriage; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 2:9 (Thib.Ch.: v. 1, #253), her death/burial record, calls her Perine ARSEMENT m. d.Joseph THIBODAUX, does not give her parents' or first husband's names, & says she was age 75 when she died; Hébert, D., South LA Records, 2:9 (Houma Ct.Hse.: Succ. #151 1/2), her succession record, calls her Perine ARSEMENT m. d.Joseph THIBODAUX, & lists her child as d.Jean Eugene [THIBODAUX], represented by his children Joachim, Oville & Eulalie [THIBODAUX], grandchildren of subject, & says the family meeting was held on 22 Apr 1846.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 59, 92, 134, 180.

06.  Wall of Names, 46, calls him Pierre ARCEMENT; Arsenault, Généalogie, 1319, profile for his father in the Pigiguit section, calls him Pierre ARCEMENT, gives his parents' names, says his father was born in 1694 but gives no birthplace, that his parents married in c1722 but gives no birthplace, does not give his parents' parents'  names, says he was born in 1731 but gives no birthplace, & lists his siblings as Geneviève, born in 1724, Jean in 1725, Claude in 1726, Cécile in 1727, Marie-Madeleine in c1732, & twins Francois & Marie-Josèphe in 1734, but gives no birthplaces, says the family resided at Île St.-Jean in 1750, &, on the same page, gives separate profiles for siblings Geneviève, Jean, Claude, Cécile, & Marie-Madeleine, but not for him; <perso.orange.fr/froux/St_malo_arrivees/Supply.htm>, Family No. 12, calls him Pierre ARSEMAN de l'Île Saint Jean, age 26, & shows that in the crossing to St.-Malo in 1758-59, all of his family survived; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls him Pierre ARCEMENT, père, Pedro ARSEMENT, Pierre ARCEMENT, father, & details the implements given to him by the Spanish on his arrival in LA.  See also De La Roque "Tour of Inspection," Canadian Archives, 2A:114; Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 83, 177.  

None of his siblings settled in LA.  

Why is he not in the Lafourche valley census of 1795?  See Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, index.  Did he die before the Lafourche valley census of Jan 1798 was taken?

07.  Not in Wall of Names.  Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; BRDR, 2:32, 616, his marriage record, calls him Tranquil ARSEMAT, says his parents were Pedro ARSEMAT & Maria EBER of St.-Suliac, & says the witnesses to his marriage were Josef EBER & Maria RASICO (his sister-in-law).  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 54, 82, 119, 180.  

Why is he not on the passenger list of La Ville de Archangel with the rest of his family?  Which ship did he take to LA?  How else would he have gotten to LA if not on one of the 7 ships?  Although he is not on the Acadian Memorial's Wall of Names, he can be found on their website at <acadianmemorial.org/english/ensembleencoreset.html>; use the link marked Life Lines & then use their search engine to find him. 

08.  Wall of Names, 46, calls her Victoire ARCEMENT; Robichaux, Acadians in St.-Malo, 3-4, Family No. 9; Hébert, D., Acadian Families in Exile 1785, 100-01, calls her Victoire ARCEMENT, leur [Pierre's & Marie's] fille, Victoire ARCEMENT, their [Pierre's & Marie's] daughter; BRDR, 2:32, 36, her marriage record, calls her Victoria ARSEMENT, & says the witnesses to her marriage were Pedro LANDRY, Pierre AUCOIN (her brother-in-law), & Ambroise GARIDET; BRDR, 6:19 (ASM-10, 31), her death/burial record, calls her Victoire Hélène ARCEMENT, age 74 yrs., widow of Louis AUCOIN, but does not give her parents' names.  See also Robichaux, Bayou Lafourche, 1770-98, 44, 57, 87, 139. 

Note that both her & her husband's mother were HÉBERTs, so they were distant cousins. 

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